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A NATION OF PIRATES Most Notory|j% Thieves j n the WarfirY History wild, barbarous people The RJfi Have Plundered Vends for Centuries France Has Determined to Wipe Them Out and Incidentally Change the Map of Africa. It is generally supposed that pirates no longer exist, except in the lurid liter taure sold to small boys. This is a mis take. France has just fitted out three warships for the purpose of wiping out a nation of pirates, and Spain stands ready to help France, if any help be needed. The pirates are the RiCs of Morocco. Long before the dawn of the Christian era these people were pirates, and they are just as much in the business today as ever. Century after century they have plundered on sea and on laud, and none of the great powers have been am bitious to declare war upon them and bring them to terms. This Is all the more strange for the reason that the great modern guns of the English, mounted on the rock of Gibraltar, could almost throw a pro jectile across the strait and Into the country inhabited by the pirates. Rlf means "the coast" ln the native language, and while the Rifflans are nominally the subjects of the sultan of Morocco, he has as much control over them as he has over the Indians of Alaska. All of the resources of Moorish ferocity, cruelty, craft and power have been employed to bring the Riffian to. terms, but without success. The sultan of Morocco If. not a peaceful gentleman, by any means, and deeds of gross In humanity are of common occurrence with him, but he Is not the equal of the Rlf pirate in these matters. The ltif country is not extensive, be ing but fifty-eight mill s wide and 210 miles in length, but if the sultan could control it, it would yield rich returns to his tax-gatherers. Moreover. It could be made of immense commercial value, as it includes all of that part of Moroc co fronting upon the Mediterranean sea, running from the city of Centa, which is directly opiinsHe-ftiiMa-ltar, to the boun dary line 'Hvfaing Algeria and Morocco. FRANCE'S OPPORTUNITY A few weeks ago a swarm of Jtlf pirates ln !their peculiar little boats called feluccas sailed out to the French ship Corinje. overpowered the crew and plundered her. While they were at work th 2 Spanlsjh steamship Sevilla came to the rescues of the Frenchmen, but the pirates swarmed up on the decks of the Seviila, killed five men, gathered up a lot of bootf and then disappeared. When the news of this outrageous act reached tile French people they were angry, but the statesman of France were mightily pleased. The outrage has given them an excuse for descending upon the Rlf country, conquering It and adding it to their already large possess ion?, in Algeria. There would be no use appealing to the sultan of Morocco for redress, for, as has been stated, he Is powerless to pun ish the niftians. He could be made to pay immense damages for the depre dations of his nominal subjects, but France prefers to seek her own ven geance and collect her own damages. i Confidence Restored - • Money Easy •• | % | • Now Is the Time to Dress • 1§ P flake a Front for a Little Coin % £ Like a Prince for | Like a King for |™$ 15.00 -m We V o U ress $ 17.50™ 1 £E To Order I To Order Clay Diagonal CiJt\*o f# by the Celebrated Cutter. Z. C. ANGEVIN E2 *z $100 in Gold Given Away Remember. We Are the Great Wholesale Tailors to the People jjnj, "o tVi» lady or erritleman g Ih nu-nber of newli con*- hi fi* 1 largfl squash In our tho-* *-^OMm9 window, .no charge for guesMnar. Yon do not have to purchase anything to gu*ss. Kill out this blank, n'-nd It to an hy mall, and wh will return you your KUesiin* «arrt duplicate of the register on our book. ■PH Kach person allowed one guess only. Weight of squash, 12a pounds. <*—^m\¥ I - Buffalo Woolen Company 1 ar* ittilLKH FOR (HTEflslNo—The squash will be ciit Christmas Eve In our .how window, be'ore JL * mmm Wmf the full Tiew nf the pnhllc; seeds counted by a committee of the press, an! winner declared before they ~~^m& 9mf laav-e ttr«i Aindow. .. . mimma mm 'TrtilMian advert liement for our house and la straight and without deception In any war. Oatl m mm aUm _ g . and see our wlnlow and the squash Look at our stock and say, "How do you do7'' We can dress you A «W w» a_j _i a ~*^mW likea prlpce for#ls toorder; like aklnx, f17.6J; English Olay Diagonal toorder. a £-v J r ■ **** aTM -^**9 r^rc.r or ' Buffalo woolen Co. -Red Front 248 5. Broadway, fNear lnira ' Lo. Angeles Her.ld wmmmmmmmtmm — „ These latter will probaly take the form of the whole Rlf country, and, if ac complished, it will be the first step on tha part of a European power to break THE RIP TERROR into the territory of the sultanate of Morocco. Morocco Is classed with other small portions of Africa under the sinister head of "unappropriated." Hut if the plans of the French succeed this will have to be changed, as well as the map IiOS ANGrEL.ES HERAT, T>: SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 8, 18911. of Africa. If the sultan of Morocco should show fight against the French he would be in danger of losing the whole of his kingdom, as other Euro- pean nations would not be likely to In terfere in his behalf while France and Uus-sia are so closely attached. AN UNKNOWN PEOI'LB Not tiio least curious thing about the Rifflans is that nothing, or compara tively nothing is know about them, al though their country is nearer to south- I crn Europe than any other ln northern j Africa. The reason of this Is their bar- I barous cruelty and hostility to all ) strangers. The most venturesome tourists never travel into their terri tory, as such a venture would be cer tain death. Two or three men by dis guising themselves as Moors have with in the past twenty years succeeded In making some investigations of the coun try, but nothing of a certain and exten sive character has been gleaned. It Is estimated that the population of the Rif country is about 105.000. They are not Moors, but come of Berber or aboriginal stock. They are Mohanvne dans. but they would murder one of tjieir own religious belief as soon as they would kill a Christian. They are divided Into countless little tribes, and when ; they have nothing better to do fight among themselves. But on a threaten ed invasion by the regular forces of the sultan they flock together and present a united front to the enemy. HAVE MODERN GUNS The Rifs are well armed and know how to use the modern munitions of war with considerable skill. Within the past year they have plundered about a dozen ves sels, and the crews of these have report ed that the pirates, had rifles of recent make. They wear body sashes holding many knives and pistols, and in board , ing vessels always use short swords or daggers In preference to firearms. The laat venturesome explorer who succeeded ln getting a partial glimpse of the Rif country was an Englishman named Harris. Disguised as a Moorish trader, with his arms and legs stained a deep brown, he managed to avoid de tection for some months. He spoke Arabic fairly well, but demed it wiser to pose as a deaf mute. He was accom panied by an Arab boy who did all the talking, and who proved a valuable as sistant. This trip was made ln 188 S. This explorer found that the Lesser Atlas mountains, which run along the Rlf country parallel with the coast, were splendidly fortified with cannon. Every Rlf native is something of a blacksmith and armorer, understand ing how to mold bullets, make powder and to repair guns. They buy their guns by making secret Journeys to Algerian and Spanish ports, and it Is believed that they exchange their plunder with cer tain traders for whatever they need. Moorish customs officers have endeav ored to break up the traffic and thereby cripple the Rifflans, but the latter worst ed them so badly that of late years they have done as they pleased. It remains to be seen what the French will do with them. A French cruiser has been ordered from Toulon to the Rif coast, and Admiral Gervals, com mander of the Mediterranean squadron, has, under orders from Tarls, sent the .cruiser Troude and the dispatch boat D'lbervllle to the scene of what promises to be a bloody conflict. RUSSELL SAGE, FOOTBALL CRANK Russell Sage has become a football crank. He went to see the game last Saturday between the Carlisle Indians and Yale, and has dropped "puts" and "calls" and talkad of nothing else since but "flying wedges," "touchdowns," "punts," "five-yard gains," and "buck ing the center." General Pratt, commander of the Car lisle Indian 6chool, was Mr. Sage's guest and that Is why the financier Eaw the game. 'Those Indians are fine young men," said Mr. Sage at his office, "and they certainly deserved to score a victory. I believe they scored the .second touch down Saturday, and my opinion Is back ed by several experts. If I was a betting I man I'd rather put my money upon Mc j Klnley's chance of winning than on Yale's If another game should be play ed." —Chicago Tribune. All prices of wallpaper greatly reduced. A. A. Bokatrom, 824 South Spring street. A INTERESTING DOCUMENT A Fac Simile of the First Vote Taken in Los Angeles THE RELIC OF A PIONEER Preserved by the Widow of Qcorjs D. W. Robinson Who Crossed the Plains in 1849 and Re sided ln Los Angeles Nearly Half a Century Beneath is found an exact facsimile, reduced in size, of the first vote ever taken in Los Angeles. The interesting document was furnished The Herald by the widow of the late Geo. D. W. Robin son, who died in March last, aged 87 years, after forty-seven years' residence In Los Angeles. The following sketch of Mr. Robinson is from the pen of Horace Bell: In 1549 Mr. Robinson, with his wife and one child, crossed the plains, arriving in Los Angeles county late ln the fall. Of the company that came with Mr. Rob inson, the late Judge Hayes, Jonathan R. Scott, John G. Nichols, J. S. Mallard, Lewis C. Granger, Rev. Briar, the pio neer Methodist preacher; John Graff, John Goller and other noted pioneers, whose names we cannot recall. Most of tills paryt were men of family and have been noted in the history of the county and state. The party came by way of Salt Lake and thence hitherward. The;,' had a des perately hard time of it. At the Rio Virgin they disagreed as to the route to be pursued. All whose names are above given, except John Goller, elected to come via the Cajon pass, which brought them into the valley at San Bernardino ranch. The other party, of whom Goller was one, bore oft northerly, making for Walker's pass, which would have brought them into the Tulare valley about at Bakersfleld. They, however, got lost, wandered Into Death valley, and most of them died of heat and thrist, a very few of them, including Goller, in sane from suffering, were found by the Tejon Indians, and were kindly cared for and brought to Los Angeles. When Goller came ln he had his pockets full of golden nuggets, picked up somewhere in Death valley, but he could never again, though for years he searched, find the place. The present Goller mining district is named for honest old John. CHICAGO'S GENIAL THIEVES. The quintet of saloon robbers, which has been terrorizing citizens In that business ln various parts of the city for the past week, Is getting to be quite as famous as the "long and short man." Thusrday night the robbers made their appearance again on the West side, and succeeded in making away with nearly $50, going at their work in the same way as hitherto, and joking about It as they proceeded. This time their visit was made to the place of Charles Schlmel. Two other persons besides the proprietor were tn the saloon, one of them the bartender, Seymour Flnkel, and the other a custom er, Edward Meyers. They, In addition to the saloon keeper, had their money taken from them. During the progress of the hold-up a boy, who lives in the neighborhood, en tered for the purpose of buying a pall of beer. One of the robbers had lust fin ished relieving the salooon keeper of what money he had In his pockets, and to guard against an attempt on the part of the youngster to retreat from the place, he seized him by the coat collar and threw him on the floor. There the lad remained until the bandits disap peared. Having satisfied himself thait all the money in the place had, been secured, the same robber, who was dressed In a light suit of clothes, set about having a little fun at the expense of his victims. He picked up a beer glass, and remark ing that It was too hot to work, drew himself a drink of the beverage. "Here's your health," he said, as he tipped the glass to his Up* None of the ; other robbers touched any liquor. After the men had departed. It was discovered that $26 had been taken from the cash drawer and $12 from the pock ets of the proprietor. Another of the bandits searched the pockets of Meyeri and Finkel, taking several dollars.— Chicago Inter Ocean. THE WIDOW'S ADVANTAGES. "My dear boy," said an experienced man to the wrlted not long ago, "there are features about widows which make them really preferable as wives. They are not so exacting, for one thing. Their first plunge, if It has taught them any thing, has taught them to be forbearing. Besides, they are not so detestably ro mantlo. If they drop their gloves in the street, they pick them up without any fuss and don't wait for you to bend your knees to them. And —a very strong point—they know what men are, anil don't have to learn their lessons with sad tears and sighs. They aren't so prone to be extravagant either—another excellent feature In their mature caps. In short, if you marry, don't pass over the widows as If they were just the alloy of humanWy." There Is a great deal of common sens* in what he said. Even ln wooing a widow a man is sure to be saved much trouble. The dear lady can meet him half-way without any sacrifice of modesty. This, to humble-minded bachelors, is much. She Is. moreover, nearly sure to be quick er of Intelligence than the average un married girl. Again, marriage often ohanges a young woman in the most alarming manner. The pretty, blushing girl of one year is often hardly recognizable In the assum ing, haughty young matron of a year later. She doesn't show half so attrac tively as a Dull-blown flower as she did in the bud. The number of men who have thus wedded only to be disillusioned! You can tell some of them by the wrinkle set ln their foreheads within a year or two after their marriage, or by the ofii wlsa Inexplicable habit of taciturnity that they acquire. One may form a tolerable idea of * widow's merits ln some respects by her demeanor early ln her widowhood. Tact is the supremely useful quality ln the average widow. In the long, run It !s better than beauty In a wife; better even than money. By tt a woman may guide her husband toward happiness, while ministering to the harmless pride in him, which makes him think he Is do ing it himself.—Cassell's Saturday Journal. IRISH BULLS. "A great deal has been written about Irish bulls," said T. J. Donohueof Knox ville, Term. "I have never been able to understand why the Irish people should make them, but the fact remains that they do. I do not refer to wit, but the mistakes made in speech. I have myself unconsciously perpetrated some of the worst bulls that could be well imagined, and my father, who was one of the best educated men In Ireland, was constant ly guilty of laughable blunders. It prob ably comes from the Irish being excita ble and speaking too quickly without stopping to frame sentences. I was at a hotel with Judge McDermott, one of the leading lawyers of Tennessee, when Irish stories were being told. For a time they were confined to wit which we enjoyed, and then bulls were intro duced which did not suit us so well, and the judge, with a mild brogue interpos ed. 'Gentlemen,' he said, 'you must know that half the lies told about the Irish are not true,' and the crowd roar ed with laughter." To Cure ■ Cold la One Day Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets. All druggists refund the money if It fails to cure. 25c. Mt prices for wallpaper beat all the city. A. A. Eoketrom. 324 South Spring street.