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m JBtVontTtlt TTJUTtI A3 KXJ STC IT' . ™ RGtIT THC.WDONQ AS WO f MM) IT % pUBUSH ALLTHENLWStr TDU3TT|ft EVENT | WILL/AM S. CREIGHTON Edltor-ln-Chlef, THE HERALD owns a full Associated Press franchise anil publishes the complete telegraphic news report received dally by special leased wire. EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT: 221 East Fourth street. Telephone 156. BUSINESS OFFICE: Bradbury Building 222 West Third street. Tkphone 84i. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. By Mail. Payable in Advance: Dally and Sunday, 1 month * •>' Daily »nd Sunday 3 months *•« Dally and Sunday. 6 months Daily and Sunday. 1 year a - w TO CITY SUBSCRIBERS: Dally, delivered. Sunday included, per month • • v, Sunday only, per m0nth.......... ■.-•;• POSTAGE RATES ON THE HERALD. 4* pages 4 cents I 32 pages 2 cents H pases ...3 cents I » pages t een s 24 pales 2 cents |16 pages « cants 12 pages 1 cent City subscribers for The Herald will con fer a favor by reporting to the business office late delivery or any other negligence on the part of carriers. During the week all papers should reach subscribers not later than 7 oclock, and on Sundays b> S oclock. ~The Herald Publishing company hereby offers a rf ward of ten ($1") dollars fnr the arrest and conviction of anyone found stealing a copy or copies of . HE ITER ALU from wherever the same may ha\s bren placed by carrier for delivery to patrons. The publishers hays arranged to have The Herald on sale at all news stand* sue on all railroad trains In Southern Califor nia. If the paper cannot be secured nt any of the above places the publlehers Will deem it a special favor if patrons should report the same to ihe business office. The Herald Has Ihe Largest Paid Circulation in Southern California Sworn Statement of Circulation Published on Classified Page MONDAY, JANUARY 18, 1807. TONIGHT AMUSEMENTS ORPHFUM—Vaudeville. BL'RBANK—She. REQUISITES FOR GOVERN MENT "In general, all mankind will agree that government should be reposed In such persons in whom these qualities are most likely to be found th" pei fectlon of which are among the attribute s of Him who is emphatically styled ■ Supreme Being: the three griat quisltes, I mean, of wisdom, of goodness and of power: Wisdom to discern the real in terest of the community; goodness, to endeavor always to pursue that real In terest; and strensrth, or power, to carry this knowledge and Inter.tion into ac tion. These are the requisites thnt oii£rht to be found in every well constituted form of government."—Blaokstone. It will scarcely be contended by the most ardent advocate for th" city gov ernment, as carried' on during the past few years, that it ha? been pre-emi r.ently distinguished for either wisdom or goodness: and the power or authority has been so distributed as to be non effective In developing any wisdom or goodness that may have been present In latent form. And yet the old legal au thority was not far off the mark when denominating the fundamentals c? gov ernment. In this connection It Is of Interest to rote what prospect there may he un<*er the new chat ter of approaching—not ar Ideal form of city covernment. for that Is impossible of attainment, but govern •went where the higher moral forces may operate and permit legitimate progres sion along material lines. "Vox popull. vox del" can only be true wh»r. the voice of the people is heard In the cause of right, and In this matter of city government it must ever remain with the citizens of T.os Angeles to show their wisdom by choosing as mayor of the city a man of such excellence of char acter, ar.d of such business ability as will warrant his appointment to the of fice. The onus of responsibility is first with the people Such an one, under the provisions of the new charter, will read - ily discern what is required in the Inter ests of the community, ard in his en deavor to carry his plans into effect he will be armed with the power to choose his assistants, ar.d in other ways to carry his knowledge and inter.tion Into execu tion. Primarily, then, the new charter may be said to have been drawn along true Mnes. Rut It Is not designed that the mayor shall occupy his position as a ber. reficer.t autocrat. Acting as the head of a large business corporation. In which every taxpayer holds a certain, amount of stock, he may so act, but his actions will be bounded by what is true and right in the Interests of the city. Any \lapse in this direction wiil render the liable to opposition from tie council, who will be empowered to an nul any unwise appointment made. The causes to be deemed sufficient for chal lenge by the council are far-reaching enough to trip up any Incapable who may receive appointment, and are as fallows! Isjcompatanoy-, narlont nf rtn ty, habitual Intemperance, dishonesty, electioneering or attempting to Influence the vote of any citizen, malfessance In office, making an assignment of his sal ary an* then drawing it in person, and habitual discourtesy to the public. The council should share with the mayor the responsibility for the efficient administration of affairs, for In falling to challenge any of the mayor's appoin tees the council would practically en dorse the appointment. And in order that councllmen may be men of broad views and progressive ideas, they will be elected at large. The new charter provides that one councilman must be elected from each ward of the city, thus giving the small wards equal represen tation with the large and populous ones. This plan will tend to diminish the pow er of the ward boss, but will insure the election of a more competent class of men to the council. With the rank and file of the city em ployes appointed under civil service rules the executive head, with the co operation of the council, will be enabled to devise and carry Into effect those schemes to reduce the burden of taxa tion under which people at present are suffering, ard advance the city along the road to a true and generally diffused prosperity. PLUNDERING THE STATE The legislature now in session at Sac ramento bids fair to be the most coriupt and extravagant assembly in the history of California. The Republican majority is forging ahead as though It thought it would never have another opportun ity, which It will find to be true If it keeps on inventing schemes to plunder the treasury. The pay roll steal emitted such a stench when a committee at- tempted to probe it that the Investiga tion had to be abandoned. So many members were found to be implicated in the grab that the party leaders had to change the proceeding" from Investiga tion to suppression and concealment. But aside from Increasing the pay roll of the attaches nearly $1000 a week over former assemblies there are schemes' by the score to fleece the state under the guise of appropriations. Bills have al read3- been Introduced calling for ex penditures aggregating nearly $2,200,000. and many more of the same kind' are being prepared. The majority side ap pear to think the chief end of a legis lator is to work some kind of a job to beat the state, andrightloyally are most of the members adhering to that idea. The clerk and sergear.t-at-arms seem to have had records which commended thwm to their party, and there seems to be no doubt about their ability to manip ulate their end of the general scheme to leave the treasury in a state of bank ruptcy. Although the several commit tee rooms were already conveniently and comfortably furnished, everything has been thrown out and new furnishing put in, including elaborately construct ed roller-top desks, handsome swivel chairs, splendid tables, large file cases and luxuriou&ly upholstered lounges, settees and rockers. Royal purple and cardinal red hangings soften the light as it falls across velvet carpets-, and members mature plans to plunder the commonwealth in an atmosphere laden with the fumes of wine and cigars which are furnished them free under the •■item" of "stationery." In so far as Governor Budd can stop the steals by the veto, they will be stopped, but bush els of money can be "appropriated" in ways that he cannot prevent. But "what are we here for?" TROUBLE AHEAD The Philadelphia American sees trouble ahead for the incoming adminis tration, and it believes it will be caused by the gold Democrats. It says: The Republican managers are busily en gaged in putting currency reform in the background, and shoving the tariff to the fore, at which the gold Democrats, who had bent their hearts on dictating the policy of the incoming administra tion, so as to bring about current y con traction, are much angered and cha „'rii cd. They feel that their votes made Mr. McKlnley** election possible, and it ■•eems to them like base ingratitude for the Republicans, .lust as soon as put in power with their assistance, to use that viewer to carry out a policy of higher tariff duties, than which ro policy, save it be a policy to cheapen the dollar, could be mere dista-teful to them. It grates on the gold Democrats to see the votes they gave to MeKinley cot as they had hoped, in support of cur rency contraction, but In support of high tariff legislation, to which they are vehemently opposed. But such Is the chance of war. One can never be sure of the fruits of victory won by an allied army held together only by hate and fear of a common ertemy. Such alies are sure to fall to fighting among themsolvs over the fruits of victory, and the stronger will carry off the spoils. But in the present case it is not quite certain who is the stronger, whether it be the Republicans or the gold Demo crats. Admittedly the Republicans have the advantage of numbers, yet of them selves they are powerless to accomplish their er.c'.s, powerless to gather the fruits of victory, powerless to pass their meas ures, for they have not a majority of th' senate. The balance of power rests with the silver protectionists, the Populists-, the gold Democrats. TROUBLE FOR HANNA The political situation In Ohio is get ting interesting. The acceptance of the state portfolio in McKinley's cabinet by Sherman gives promise of setting broth er against brother in the Republican family. A* everybody knows. Hanna liOiS ANCHHTLES HUB At D: MONDAY MOKNTCTGk JANTJART 18/ 1897. manipulated the Sherman cabinet deal so as to open the way to tha United States senate for himself, andi no doubt, he had reason to believe that the party would only be too glad of an opportunity to show its appreciation of his success ful management of the McKlnley cam paign by giving him Sherman's seat in the senate —by urging him to take it. In fact. But Mr. Hanna Is about to realise the truth of the old adage, that there is many a slip betwixt the cup and the lip. The plan was for Sherman to resign Immediately upon signifying his wlll ingiu ss :<> take the state department, and have Gov. Bushnell appoint Hanna to fill his unexpired term. Being a full fledged senator, It was thought Hanna would nnd' no difficulty In securing his own election for the full term, but It now transpires that Sherman Is disposed to hold on until March 4, and step from the senate to the state department. If Sherman does that, Bushnell is almost sure to call an extra session of the legis lature, which he has the right to do, to elect some one to succeed Sherman, and then he will himself become a candidate against Hanna. The senatorial bee Is buzzing In Gov. Bushnell's bonnet as it never before buzzed In a bonnet, and It is saidi that Foraker is urging it to buzz louder. Foraker. like Reed, hates MeKinley and Hanna as lie does the evil one, and! he realizes that the opportunity is present to even up a good many things. It may be. however, that the party leaders in other states will be able to quiet For aker and Bushnell, so that Hanna may slip into Sherman's seat without wreck ing the party in Ohio, but th* indications are that Bushnell will not appoint the Cleveland boss, but call the legislature in extra session and work for his own election. It is very good of Mr. Carnegie to charge the United States only twice as much for armor plate as he charges Russia. There is no d-oubt about the great ironmonger's patriotism. His bank account proves it. There is snow upon the mountains and there are flowers blooming in the valley below. That is the way we do things in Southern California in January. MeKinley can convene congress on March 4th if he likes. The Industrial trusts and monopolies will have the new tariff bill all ready by that time. San Pedro has not been officially se lected for a deep water harbor, but 99 per cent of the people of Southern Cali fornia believe it will be. The council will commence to do busi ness concerning a water plant today, or it will commence the initial work of killing the scheme. If you are a Republican ward boss and your name is not upon the pay toll of the legislature you are a very stupid creature. Corrupt as the Republican party Is in Porrrosylvanla it positively refused to send' Wanamaker to the United States senate. The exl.abit of home products is worthy of the patronage of every man. woman l and child in Southern California. Alrncst ar.y kind of a California Re publican would give tone and character to McKinley's Cabinet. James Corbett and Robert Fitzsim mons are spoiling for a meeting, so they say. but they talk too much to be game. THE TRAMP AND THE OWL. The moon stood high ir the midnight sky. And the deep-shaded woodland was dreary; Not a sound was nigh but the owl's rude cry. And the tramp lay prostrate and weary, 'Neath a peaceful and stately cypress shade. Away from 'he roadway and bustle: No wind-harp played, nor a zephyr made The leaves ot" the eyprtss rustle. "Who roost? with you?" her owlshlp cried. "Who roosts with you. with you—aw?" From his cold graveled bed the tramp re plied. "The same as roosts with you—aw." For he knew no ma"»—none else to address. But the cheerless old bird of the forest- No home nor no bed his slumte rs to bless But the featherlers sod of the forest. "Who-who, who- who. who cares for you?"' Asked the owl in artless numbers. "The sain as carer for you. for you," Svai.l the tramp in his broken slumbers. And the night grew cold, and bleak, and keen. Ere the owl grew drowsy and moekless. But she droned in feathers and comfort serene. While the tramp lay ragged ar.d sockless. "Who r-ooks for you?" the owl proceeds, "Who rooks for you. for you—aw?" An.l agatn her mimicking comrade pleads, "The same as cooks for you—aw,' For the tramp had not tasted a morsel of brea' 1 For many a hure-erlr.g hour. Nor a soul had com'- near his downier* bed. Pave the owl from her eypri ss bower. The moon sank o'-t the western wood. As ihe owl fell asleep, discoursing, While slower and slower 'he cold thin blood Ir. the vein-- of the tramp was coursing. Wha' a doleful hoot was th» owl's salute To her guest at the dawn of th. morrow. For no answer came up from th,- pale, stiff form. In that old cypress househouci of sorrow. The spirit had fled from the f»ath> r>ss bed. To i:- home far sway from the shadows. Leaving none 'o regret, but all to forget, Save the brooding old bird of the mead ows 1 "Who-who, who-who. who weeps for you?" Sobbed the heart-broken owl In her an- But no echo wa3 heard by the watchful ol 1 Left alone in h"r bower to languish. —P. A. K. in Galveston News. TRTOLET. Ma'cl with '.he wistful ryes And grace nf .lit ra'iiant spring, Ehinshlne for you ne'er riles. Maid whh ihe wistful eyes; Days pas- like butterflies, Each with a jewel'd wing. Maid with ire wistful eyes Ar.'. grace of ihe radiant spring! Maid wish the voice of gold Ai mouth tiki a crimson bloom. Why are y ur words so cold? Maid wiil in voice of gold, [.overt both young and hold. They ;cr. r ,fi i 0 a dreary doom. Main v. i!h the voice of gold And mi Utn like a crimson bloom. Maid with the fnee or a flow'r And hearl of the virgin snow, Love lurk- within a bow'r, Mai.! w in, the face of a flow'r. Some day you'll know his pow'r— Subtle hi? rpeil and slow!— Maid with the face of a flow'r And heart of the virrfln snow. AT THE THEATERS LOS ANGELES THEATER— Tonight j Grau's opera company will begin their I last week's engagement at the Los An i gele* theater, commencing with a grand production of Oart Mlllooker's charming ' comic opera, The Black Hussar, which I is com- id> red one of the strongest operas ' In the company's repertoire. Eachmem ber win be able to show wtat he can do. Mr. Robert Dunbar will appear In his great character of Helbest, the black hussar; Miss Johirson sings Minna and I Miss Carle Rosetta; Mr. Clayton wIU be i seen as Plffkow, and Stanley Felvh as 1 Hackenback, and Miss Lodge will be seen at her best as Barbara. There are I no finer finaDes written than the ones of the first and second acts of The Black i Hussar; besides the music is very pretty I and includes a great many duets, trios • and sextette. The airs* are catchy. ! Mr. Grau has a company that Is a credit j to himself and one that will bring him ; a greater reputation thar.> he has hereto fore made. He assures the theater i goers that tonight his company will j more than surprise them with the per | formance of The Black Hussar. Tomor | row night that ever charming ar«* al ways popular opera, The Bohemian Girl, will be presented. With W, H. Hamilton in the cast. He was a former nrember of the Grau company and w'tl be cast In his old part or Count Arnheim. • • • ORPHEUM—There has never been a better bill of vaudeville diversions at the Orpheum than that which will be presented, tonight. Five new features grace the program and every one is a top-liner. Among the artists who make their debut this evening are three old time favorite star-* of the first magni tude from the legitimate stage. Of these perhaps the greatest are Fred Hallen and Molße Fuller. After years of popu lar success In the great comedy combine of Hallen and' Hart they have enlisted In the vaudeville ranks and are now uniting their pleasing senilis In. a beau tiful novelty sketch called The Artist and the Model* Itjln a comc-diy produc tion, full of spicy Situation*, thoroughly up to date and said to be the bes>t sketch introduced in yeais. Charles Wayne, another famous per sonage from the legitimate roll. Is achieving fresii renown In vaudeville, with his splendid voice and humorous manner. Wayne is a true artist and' an entertainer suprf«ne. The two Bostons are also included In the long 11st of new comers. Theirs is likewise a laughing turn and one of the merriest sort They have a lot of trained dogs, a comedy cat. trained elephant, etc.. and after a rous ing time with this happy family they conclude their breezy act with a bur lesque Spanish bull fight that fairly brings down the house. Anna Caldwell, the well known sing ing soubrette, is down for a Jolly con tribution of late songs* The great nov elty of the show will be furnished by Busch. the golden vampire, who mas querades? as a huge bat ar.d perfornvs a lot of wonderful aerial foatrs. Phoite's English pantomime company has prov ed such a drawing card that it will be retained for another week. Zazelle and Vernon, the rollicking comedy acrobats, conclude Uie excel lent array. It will certainly be a great laughing show. • * • BURBANK.—Tonight the Burbank company will present one of the moM realistic plays that has been piared upon the stage for some time. But realism pleases the masses, as is demonstrated by the way in which they patronize the .Burbank each week. It excites their love of dramatic suspense, kindles 1 more interest and. besidesv it show* them how great is the stage machinist's invention. The Midnight Alarm is one of the good ones. The plot, the central Story, has not been allowed to suffer for the sake of introducing the realness, or vice versa. The railroad bridge scene and that of the fire house, with it? stamping hordes, the engine and the blue-coated fire lad dies, are realistic to a high degree. The play haa a strong rural scene in the third act. ending with an elaborate ly constructed railroad' a-ene, in which a train In swift motion, flies across a drawbridge which a scoundrel with .many aliases ha» endeavored to open in order that a wreck may ens>ue. The great cinographoseope will also be introduced in the third' act, present ing a series of elaborate picture." ren'-o sentlng life In motion, the movement of cavalry, bathing scenes, mecharricrat work, and giving a counterfeit present ment of nature and motion that seams to be the real thing. THE DEPRESSION Among tbe Innumerable financial phe- j nomena which have developed themsel- j yes, cntrary to expectation, during the course of the current year, none has de- ; ceived calculations more completely I than the commercial temper of the 1 American republic. The extreme de pression which ruled In the United States between the dates of the Chicago convention and the pi esider.tial elec tion was natural enough; the country was threatened with the domination of ; a new party supported by revolutionary ; forces, and the trading community was j more than Justified ir. going at half speed under the circumstances; but it was ; the genera! belief of observers, both English and American, who were best qualified to form an opinion, that the commercial position of the cour try was satisfactory enough apart from political complications, and that If these were ..nee cleared out of the way. the path j would be smooth and open towards a | revival of buoyant prosperity. * * * These expectations have been dlsap- ; pointed in almost every rcspr-et. The' political bogey v. as laid anvd a deafen- ! ing fanfare of trumpets, ar.d for days ard weeks the American people and press seemed to devote their whole en- ; ■ '-gies to pattire: themselves on the back : and vowing that they had won a great ; victory. These congratulations at last ; became so tedious that one of the I .on don financial papers curtly suggested that it was time for the United l-'at"s to "cut the cackle ard get to business;" but so far there is :;o sign of their Inten tion of doing so. Humor spoke loudly, during the first few days after Mr. Mc- Kinley's election had been announced, of the large orders for Kritish goods which had been received from America, large enough to turn the balance of trade again and bring some of oar gold back attain to London; and yet the board Of trade returns for November toid the same tab as those of pie *ius months—the low ; i ye! of the sal' B of our staples to the United States bad had a serious effect op the sum of our export trade. And not only are the Americans I.vying little abroad, but all Ihe most trustworthy indications show that their internal trad is equally stagnant and unsatisfactory. 'Die railroad traffic re ceipts, as sure a tfst of trade as can be found, show decrease after decrease every week, and the figures of bankers' clearings furnish another proof or the inaction that still paralyze" American commerce. As the result o! il"i'- sal s of wheat ar.d cotton, the United States, or at least their monetary renters, an flooded with gold, and money is so plen tiful that drafts on London are not for warded for collection ,but are held back by speculators in exchange, who can bor row money on their security. Andi yet this monetary plethora has put no heart into American commerce, ■ which still languishes Just ae-dolorously " *•*<*■• the erection. As far as pussled observers on. this side of the | water can judge, the reasons for this continued despondency are chiefly po- I uticai. in the first place, the silver bogey may have retreated to the shades before k ♦ crowing of the "sound-nrioney" cock, nut it is by no mean* laldianddoaie with. Mr Bryan when last heard of was lec turing on free coinage and receiving $60, --000 a year for so doing. We mention this merely commercial detail because the Americans themselves will be the first to acknowledge that free silver cannot be dtead as long as there are "dollars in It. Secondly. Mr. McKlnley and his advisers seem to be comvinced' that they have dbne all that was needed In. the In terests of sound money by defeating free silver, an* Hunt the currency system, i which has been' the cause of so many and j such dUsasts-ous crises and panics during , the past few years, presents no opportu nities for the exercise of reforming in genuity. Mr. Hanna has publiclystated that, in his opinion, "there is nothing alarming in the currency position." This statement from the lieutenant should/be Inscribed and framed side by side with that of his chief, to the effect that "trusts aiwr corners are fosteredl by free trade." j They are an instructive pair of obiter ' dicta from Uie lipe of the two men who | are believed to have the chief control, for the present, of the political destinies ;of the United States. There Is nothing alarming, saysthe chief wire-puller, but the people are justified in their convic tion that the magnificent natural re sources of the country and' the untiring energy and versatile enterprise of its I citizens ought, if rightly dUreetedi, to |bo blewt with steady prosperity instead lof being harassed by constant kaleido scopic changes from spasms of fitful I welfare to paroxysms of crisis and: de • pres.vlo.nv The persistence with which Mr. Cleve | land and' his able financial secretary I have exposed in repeated messages and j statements, the drawbacks of the pres • ent system—which makes the govern ment the keeper of the gold l reserve, and yet leaves it helpless without any power to Influence the money market or the foreign exchanges—has bad some effect on the busir.esw-community: an*, it may I be inferred from the continuance of com mercial lassitude that public opinion was" better informed than Messrs. Mc- Klnley anel Hanna. and was waiting to see whether, bes-ides the defeat of free silver, a genuine e;fort Irt the direction of currency reform might be expected. Instead of any such measure, "tariff first" ts the order of the day. am* trade I h otire mere to be crippled! and Interfer- I red wKh to suit the whims of the politi cal bossef; no man knows what precise ' shape the next measure of fiscal reac tion will take, whether it will pass the senate, or how long, if It doei\ it will sper.d in dicing so; evrything is uncer tain, except that the commercial sky is ; anything but clear, and that there are I equally poo* reasons now, as before the | elections for traders to go at half speed. I —London Spectator. HUMOR OF THE HOUR. Jinks—Ah, Blinks, glad to see you. How are Mrs. Blinks and the baby? BlinksK-vW.l—very well; only_l'm a ! little disappointed in the baby. I Disappointed. Why, it's a boy, isn't i " ? I Yes; but you know the desire of my : heart has been to have a son to sue ' ceed me as editor of the Evening Clar -1 loot. I Yes; and no doubt the youngster will ' inherit his father's talents. | But he won't. Wont? No; I shall never be able to makeany ' thing but a morning paper editor of ' him. He sleeps all cay and stays awake ! all night.—Pearson's Weekly. Ladlyt—Let me look at some cuff links, ' please. i Cierk—Ah. yes. I suppose you want ! something choice for the young gentle: -: man who Is to i Lady—l am looking for something for i my husband. Clerk—Oh. pardon me. You will find the plated goods in the rear part of' the snore. —Cleveland Leader. She had long wanted' him to give up smoking. He had readily and steadily promised that he wouid—some time. "John," she said. » "Well. Mary?" he returned.' "If you don't stop smoking before death you certainly won't after." | Any way that he looked at that remark it displeased him. —Chicago Post. j "What makes Bloomley so down on ! French cooking?" ! "Because he boarded at an American ! restaurant in Paris for two months."— i Detrcit Free Press. "Papa don't need to say his prayers." I Mamma—Why not? " 'Cause It's most morning when he goes to bed."—Brooklyn Life. On the Sick List.—Notice in a Swiss ' pa?s: "No echo tod'ay."—Fliegende j F.laetter. RAILROADS BREED IRRITATION. It is probable that a much larger pro portion of the house membership is in favor of what is called ar.tl-railroad legislation than has been the case In any previous house for many years. For this intensified' feeling the railroad managers are themselves largely respon sible. They have flaunted'their influ ence upon legislation before the people in the most offensive manner, and they have so acted as to impress upon the people the idea that they systematically corrupt legislators. This policy has al ways been unwise and the point has r.ow been reached where it is dangerous. —St. Louis Fost-Dispatch. GIVING NEW YORK THE GO-BT. New York is actually frightened over the diminishing proportions of her ex port grain trade and the trunk lines are about to take a hand in Its restoration. As to its contentions with Baltimore ar d Philadelphia tlie west cares hut little, but the trans-Mis-is.slppl stale-, hay- tun ed their traffic towardte New Orleans and' l Galveston, and what New York has lo I from those grain-grow ing states I' will never regain. Com merce is' certain to find the shortest route to tide water, ai d this. Is the route to the gulf from the states which lie west of the Missouri.—Denver News. CONSERVATIVE TARIFF AN ILLU SION When greed and falsehood enter Into conspiracy to rob the public under the plea that they are benefiting it, no per son can be so dull as not to see how im possible the framing of a "conservative tariff" is. Never was there a more dis graceful exhibition cf all the odious traits of human nature than that in Washington since the tariff hearings be gan. Not the slightest attention is paid to the question of revenue. What all tire h ggarf war.! is i «« mo>.-e money for the treasury, but more money for them selves.— Rochester Herald. PROGRESS RETARDED IN CHINA. Some Idea of the difficulties that a pro gressive statesman has to combat in a land like China is revealed In the fact thai the railway which Is to connect Pektn with the coast —700 miles long— will not be permitted to enter the capital. Tradition, religion, what not. regards the purely Industrious as degrading in the uacred precincts-of the celestial city, the terminus must be put where the serene ears of prle'irts ami monarch shall never be disturbed by the .shriek of the locomotive or the screech of escaping; steam, —Philadelphia Bulletin. «4 Q0 0 BOSTON A STORE BROADWAY, °PP- Cit y WHOLESALE < Telepnono 1 RETAIL Third and Fourth Floors. ( Main 004. J First and Second Floors. s . Ladies' Jackets Entire Stock at Greatly Reduced Prices BLACK JACKETS Black Beaver, velvet collar, double stitched, Each $6.50 Black Boucle, box front, storm collar, Each $9.50 Black Beaver, welt seams, Astrakhan trimmed, Each $13.50 Black Melton, tight fitting, braided, Astrakhan trimmed, Each $15.00 Black Beaver, tight fitting, fur trimmed, Each $16.50 COLORED JACKETS Navy Boucle, box coat, large buttons, Each $8.00 Green & Bre. Boucle, box front, six buttons, Each $8.50 Navy Boucle, box front, black Astrakhan collar, Each $10.00 Myrtle Green Beaver, tight fitting, fur and braid trimmed, Each $12.50 Tan Jackets, silk lining, collar and cuffs inlaid with velvet, Each $15.00 Tan Melton, brocade silk lining, storm collar, Each $17.50 Grandest Winter Resort on the Pacific Slope V BBAUTIFUL SANTA BARBARA Nsvsrci-.. THE ARLINGTON HOTEL **••«•, *ke flswsr feMHnU M »•!•» k<M (Ms snias ht «r>wiu » SUM m»»r mgt »*•»• gttfßjl THE PUBLIC PULSE (The Herald under this heading prints communications, but does not assume re sponsibility for the sentiments expressed. Correspondents are requested to cultivate brevity as far as Is consistent with the propsr expression of their views.) THE NEW CHARTER. To the Editor of the Lob Angeles Her ald:—lf the electors of this city have carefully read the provisions of the new charter I doubt If a majority will vote for its adoption. I meet men every day who do not know that the mayor to be elected under the new charter will have the power to appoint the city clerk, city treasurer, city attorney, city audi tor, mayor's clerk, and also the build ing, water. Civil service, library, health, park, police and fixe commissioners. Rut the mayor's power of appointment does not cease here. All of said officials are his appointees, and in consideration of their becoming such he<can and probably will, dictate to the head of avery depart ment and to each' and ervery board of commissioners, who snail be their depu ties and employes, from chief deputy down to the men who swing the pick and shovel. His power Is absolute, and his opportunities for perpetrating gi gantic frauds, aiAcorespondingly great. Is it at all surprising that the "push" are advocating the adoption of the new charter? With such absolute powers in the hands of the mayor Jobbery would run riot, and the people money squan dered lavishly, with but little fear of de tection, Dishonesty will probably be the rule and honesty the exception. Absolute power 1s sweet to most mor tals, and when our chief executive once experiences such power, he will not be at all reluctant about corruptly using the army of city officials and employee who win be his servants, to prolong his autocratic rule. Such centralization of power is not only dangerous to the wellfare of our city, but directly at variance with the fundamental principles of our republi can Institutions. Hundreds of years of political history teach us the wisdom of vesting the pow ers of government 'In the hands of the people instead of centralising them ab solutely in one man. But there are other objections. It de prives the citizens of a ward of the right to elect their own alderman. If a majority in this city are Democrats, then every councilman elected under the new charter will be Democratic. If a majority are Republican, every coun cilman'will be Republican. Some wards are now Republican and some Demo cratic, and by the present system we have a fair representation In the council of both parties, which permits a most excellent check against one party going to extremes in extravagance or corrup tion. The League for Better City ment Is practicing a deception by pub lishing in various newspapers and in pamphlets, that the.limit of taxation will be less under the new charter than our preser.'t charter. I quote word for word of section 11, article I, of our present charter: "To levy assesiyments upon property to pay for the improvements of streets and other public Improvements, and to collect the same, and to levy and col lect taxes upon property for municipal purposes; "Provided, That the tax levied for any one jtear for all municipal purposes, other than payment of Interest on the municipal debt and the redemption of bonds shall not exceed $1 on each $100 worth of taxable property." The new charter contains the same provision, word for word, and Is the only section therein that limits the rate of taxation. Yet the Better City Gov ernment League Is spending money lav- Ishlv. nnd practicing a deception upon rmr citizens In relation to the limit of i.ixatlon. In order that the members of the league may saddle upon our people an autocratic government fraught wllh flunkeylsm ar.d endless opportunities for Jobbery and corruption. DEMOCRAT. I.os Angeles, Jan. 16th. SUGAR-COATED To. the Editor of the Dos Angeles Her ald:—Another refunding bill is defeated and the people l-ejolce. But ere the smoke of conflict clears, permission is a«ked to prepare another dose, sugar coat another pill for congress. Sal an may be foiled at every turn, but he never lets up. Is It not about time to stop this refunding game? Business difficulties may often be wisely adjusted, compromised and set tled on money basis, but in ie'her pub lic or private maltters It will never do to compromise a villainy. Every compro mise with crime further enthrones and establishes the criminal. We can better afford to lose afl our Paoirto railroad debt than to compromise aud extend it, and perpetuate the vicious manage ment by new lease for ninety-nine years longer. The Union Pacific railroad, with its credit nioblller. was conceived in In iquity, constructed In sin and immense plunder and profits then realized, and more realized since. In its operation. What is born in the blood Is bred into the bone. All know how the nation has fared in. its financial aid given. It was euchered out of its first mortgage Hen through unjust and Iniquitous congres sional legislation, and a subsequent (felt was given the first Ileal. Thus we, the people, lost our grip. We bay« since been told, "Tho people be damned." Unless we look out better than we have done, we surely will bo damned, and our hit to be. Just think of the time, worrlment and expense periodically forced upon the na tion, by every fresh attempt In congress to force threugh a neiw refunding bill! The only way to ''coffin this matter and nail the coffin up" Is to enforce the law. foreclose the de"bt, sell the roads, oust the villainy. If possible, and put new blood and a rebirth into this great highway of Uie nation. PROTEST. Los Angeles, Jan. 15th. WATER AND CHARTER QUESTION To the Editor of the Los Angeles Her ald:—After a hard struggle the voters succeeded in electing a mayor and a ma jority of the council in favor of a peo ple's water system, with pure, cheap water. The new charter, of adopted, will go into effect just a few months previous to the time when action In the water question, mutt be tiaken. The present efTlclals will go out and a new mayor and new councilman will be elected. Are the people ready to surrender all tbey have gained in the recent contest and oust Mayor Snyder, who Is pledged on this question? I seriously doubt the wisdom of any such action. Could we replace him with any assurance of secur ing a man who will stand up on this question? Is there any assurance of the election of even as safe a council as the present one? We are reasonably sure that a majority of thlscounoll, three Democrats and enough 'of the other party are ready to carry the people's will. Shall we resort to experiment? We want the water question settled in favor of the people. Our present officials are pledged to favorable action. Will those elected under the new charter be as safe? I opine not. HARRY J. WTLLCRANTZ. Los Angeles, Jan. 16th. BRITISH BENEVOLENT SOCIETY To the Editor of the Los Angeles Her ald:—Mm Mabel Townsend informs me that she was employed by Robert Ren shaw to solicit funds for the British Benovelent society; that he represent ed to her that he was the secretary of that organization; that he handed her cards from which It appears that he has an office with the Associated chari ties, rooms 11 and la, court house; and that by his direction she represented that I was the president of the society. The British Benevolent society practi cally ceased to exist about five years ago. I never held any office In It when it was in existence. The seoreiUary of the Associated charities informs me that Mr. Renshaw had no authority to give the rooms of that organization as his office. I earnestly advise charitably disposed people to confine their subscrip tions to the Assoelat' d charities C. WHITE MORTIMER. Los Angeles, Jan. 16th. EAGER TO BLEED THE CONSUMER Owners of anything, from a Texas steer to a bantam rooster, are demand ing "protection." A foreigner reading the contemptible whining emitted In the hearings before the ways and means committee would conclude that, as a people, If these are fair representatives, Americans are greedy, cowardly, un manly and woefully ignorant of what would bt good for them.—Chattanooga Times. EVILS OF POLITICAL BOSSISM The evil of bosslsm is rampant In both the great parties and presents quite a problem to all wdio desire clean politics. Nothing Is more hurtful to a .system of popular government than bosslsm, whether Individual or collective, and many abuses will be obliterated when the masses of voters overthrow these dangerous cabals of selfish masters.-* Dallas (Tex.) News.