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RIVAL NAVIES A Comparison Between Spain's and Our Ships THE DON'S FINE VESSELS SCORE DANGEROUS ENEMY THAN GENERALLY SUPPOSED Kates for Our Own Cruisers—The Gunboat Pleets—Battle Ships ana Other War Craft Special Correspondence to The Herald. WASHINGTON, March 23—What would happen at sea if the UnltediStates and Spain went to war? In spite of all the new interests which crop up with the new administration, this is a ques tion, that people here are asking. It is a question that has* been presented by almost every inquiring mind wherever patriotism exists In the United States. A great many persons have an idea that the Spanish naval forre Is Insignifi cant. Facts show the actual state of affairs. Here are the official figures and this is the first time they have been cor rectly stated: UNITED STATES. Armored ships 33 duns of the same H. G 168 Guns of the same S B 188 Unatmoied ships 33 Guns of the same H. 0 192 Guns of the same S. B 3d!) Unarmored gunboats 2S Guns of the same H. G 202 Dispatch vessels 1 Guns of same 10 Training receiving and store ships, transports, tugs, etc 31 Guns, of same 112 Topedo boats. No. 1 18 Torpedo boats, No. 2 !) Total number of guns on board of vessels of United States navy 1640 Of these guns, those from 40 to 80 lonß, number 64: 20 to 40 tons, 188; 4 to 20 tons, 317; under 4 tons, 10K>. SPAIN. Armored ships 11 Guns of the same H. G 154 Guns of the same S. B ICS Unarmored 1 ships ;;: Gnus ot the same H. G 116 Guns of the same S. B 100 Armored gunboats 2 Guns of same H. G | Gun? of same S. B 0 Unarmored gunboats 40 Guns of same H. G 73 Guns of the same S. B IPI Dispatch vessels 2 Guns of sanv 11. G H Guns of same S. B 2 Training, receiving and btore ships, transports, tugs., etc 10 ?uns of same 57 orpedo boats. No. 1 Go Torpedo boats, No. 2 19 Total number guns on board vessels Spanish navy not) Of these guns, ten sre from 4" to SO tons; 110 from 20 to i": 2-0 tiom 1 to 2". Vl un.ier 1 tons. The letters "H. G." which appear In the foregoing tables signify heavy guns or primary batteries. The letters "S 8.," similarly mean secondary batteries or light guns. Torpedo boats No. 1 in clude torpedo boats and torpedo catch ers over 100 feet in length. Torpedo boats No. 2 Include torpedo boats und.-r 100 feet In length. Leaving aside the- question of jingo ism or the anti-war spirit, a careful survey of these facts shows beyond per adventure that it would in- no one-sided affair, as many people are fond of oi. aervlng. and It is highly probable thai the United States navy would be les sened by several vessels before the Spaniard was forced to acknowledg • the supremacy of the Stars and Stripes. In other words, the officers and men who wear Uncle Sam's livi ry on the ocean would get a tasts of geunlne fight 4jg and plenty of opportunity for larger \ses. \he most formidable ship in the Span ish navy is the Fselayo, of 10,000 tons burden, which was constructed by French shipbuilders ten years ago. She represents, despite the fact of her age, the most formidable advancement along the line of naval warfare ac complished during the period that has elapsed since the rebellion. Her ram is of the most powerful variety, and her batery consists of two 12.5 inch rapid firing guns, which practically eon stltute her broadside. Then there is the secondary battery, consisting of a dozen smaller guns and six torpedo tubes. It will thus be seen that there is no vessel in the United States navy more powerful than the Pelayo. so far as armament is concerned. Now how about her armor? She is provided with a steel water-line belt of a maximum thickness of 18 inches, and this renders her as impregnable as modern skill can make a warship, so far as resistance to projectiles that are fired at her is concerned. Not only Is she thus ar mored and armed, but her condition is thoroughly up to date, as only two months ago she was repaired and re tubed at the Ferret navy yard. She has a speed of about 16 knots an hour, and In this respect alone is slightly inferior to the biggest craft jn our navy, The battleship lowa, which has her trial trip next month, will be the one vessel in the United States navy which will conic near to equaling the Pelayo. The only vessels which now lly our flag which can be considered tit antagonists for Bpain's banner warship are the bat tleships Indiana and Massachusetts, the armament of each of which consists of four 13-inch, eight 8-Inch nnd four «-lnch guns. These ships are of 11.000 tons displacement, ns compared with the Pelayo's 10.000, but In reality the WARSHIPS OF SPAIN AND THE UNITED STATES CONTRASTED. SPANISH FLEET IS THE DARK ONE Pelayo is slightly heavier In point of service than either of our own battle ships. Both the Oregon and Indiana have the thickest of side armor, but it is only in a partial belt which protects the vitals of the ship. It is of a max imum thickness of IS Inches and is com posed of Harveylzed nickel steel. The : bnre of the guns of these battleships is about 13 Inches In diameter. The guns are mounted within 17-lnch stel tur rets and live Inches of steel protects the 6-inch battery. We are very proud of the cruiser New York, and indeed she is a tine ship, as ! every one can testify who has been ' aboard of her. She has her prototype jin the Spanish navy in the armored cruiser Bmperator Carlos A*. While j very stronly resembling the New York, she- is perhaps a trifle larger, her tnnnag? ' being 9100 to the New York's SSOO. She | carries two 11-lnch guns in barbettes 10 inches thick; eight S'.j-inch rapid-fire | guns, and four 4-inrh firers. together ; with a powerful secondary battery of i ! raplcl-lire 6 and 3-poundor guns. Her ; ! protective deck is six inches thick an! her side-= are partially plated with 2-ln:!i steel. She is the newest of the Spanish fleet of any considerable size. Not only have we a fair match for the Carlos in the New York, but the Brook lyn will keep her hands full. In she If a little more than the equal of th« I Carlos, her total being 9500. The Brook lyn is a better ship than th'- New York, and that Is saying a good deal. Shecar rles eight 8-inch and twelve 5-ir.ch guns, to the New York's six S-lnch and twelve 4-inch. While the Brooklyn's armor is a trifle Inferior to the New York's, It Is infinitely more modern. However, the United States naval officers, comparing the fighting Strength of the Carlos, thft : Brooklyn and the New York, take Into , consideration what seems to most peo ple only superstition—the Brooklyn's bad luck. This latter vessel Is forever | meeting with some- accident, and the ' officers s.ay that if she ever did get Into a real fight she would be sure to become i disabled at a critical moment. There Is in the Spanish navy also one lof the finest types of the modern ar- . mored cruiser. It is tho Infanta Maria Theresa. She represents ali et of eight ■ cruiser! 1 of her own sort which fly the | Bpanlsh/flag. Her armament consists jrf two 9.45-inch guns in. bath ties and i ten !j.5-ineh rapid firers. For protection j she has a belt at the water line twelve inches thick along the central body of the ship. Twelve inches Is the thick- ! ness i f the barbette armor. The neai-sst | approach that we have to this class of j war vessel Is found In the Maine or Texas, whose tonnage Is 7000 and CSOO, re- ; spec-lively. The Maine has four 10- | Inch guns in turrets ten inches thick, and the latter has two 12-inch guns in turrets ten Inches thick. Both ha,ve j six C-lnch guns In their main batteries, j : These are the second-class battleships, j i but to tell the truth they are not the! equal of the armored cruisers of Spain T>.e only prototypes of these vessels are found In the British navy. There is one point of advantage we have over Spain, and: that is in our rams and monitors. While every modern, war ship Is- possessed of a ram, we have in the Katahdln a vessel which Is built for nothing else but sinking her prow into an unlucky foe. The Katahdln Is not a very bigr vessel, as warships go, for her tannage Is only 2200, but she could knock the spots off the best warship that was ever constructed, armored or ur.armored, if only given half a chance. Then there are our five double turreted monitors, of which the most powerful is the unlucky Puritan of 6000 t«ns. Just how efficient a boat the Puritan Is can. hardly be said at present, for it was only a few days ago that she came lag ging Into port, the end of her hawser stretching away from the stern of the cruiser Columbia. When the Puritan went down to Charlestown to run the blockade she was well-nigh swamped in the great storm, and this fact, to gether with her latest accident, makes ravai authorities rather hesitant about fixing the extent of her powers. Besides the Puritan, there are the Ter ror, the Amphltrite. the Mor.adnock and tne Miantonomah. They are aTwut half ! he Puritan's size. Their armor Is eleven Inches thick and their guns are tebflnch pieces. Of course the monitor Is pre-eminently a coast defender. In smooth water ar.d for harbor work this craft is unsurpassed. The monitor is a very different vessel than when Mr. Erlcsf on'r Invention had its famous duel With the Meriimac. In fighting strength and in defensive power it is several hun dred per cent better. While It is true that the majority of the naval powers do not approve of the type of vessel the monitors represent, their usefulness Is unquestioned. If worst came to worst and our war ships were Inadequate in point of num bers, we could call on our big liners for aid. Of course it would not take much time to make unarmored cruisers out of them arid, so far as speed Is concerned, there Is nothing In the Spanish navy or our own either for that matter, which could touch them. Spain has one big lire upon which It could draw —the Com panla Transatlantic—whose thirty-two ■teamen have a gross tonnage of more than 100.COO. To defeat Spain in a sea contest would ; It will be seen from the facts giver... be I a task tiiat differs widely from child's play. If Uncle Sam and Don Spaniard r. ally come to blows. It will be a duel, each of the combatants- in which will bave a foe-man worthy of his steel. X-Ray on Jonah, and the Whale Among all the splendid chariots that will appear at the coming carnival in Pari-, the X-ray chariot will be the most c urious. It will appear In the form of an angry st::. with a big whale moving along on the surface and an electrician perched upon a rock behind. The scien tific man will point his apparatus at the whale in order to discover what may be Inside the monster. When J,he lights are well turned on, everybody will be able to see the interior, a handsomely fur nlshed apartment. In which Jonah, seat ed at a table, will drlr.k champagne In company with a mermaid. She, en'J> proce&sion will be- about twice as Io%;g as the ore of last year. The auto-mobij i harlot, which Is the biggest of all, aril in which pasteboard horses are to re- I je.lce at havir.g nothing to do. was found to be too large for the machinery and It will be moved along by concealed real horses, with real animals? above.— New York Sun. Human I/imitations If you hay r,ot courage nor heart enough to break away from the fetters , of the earth and take up the sensual bed of It and walk; if yuu say that you are bound to win this thing and become the other thing, and that the wishes of your friends and the interests of your family, and the bias of your genius, and the expectations of your college, and all the res-t of the bow-wow»wow of the ] wild dog-worlu must be attended to, whether you like it or no—then, at least, ! give, up talking about being free or In- I dependent creaturis; recognize your selves for sl:-A-es in whom the- thoughts are put in u*rd with their bodies, and their hearts manacled with their hands; and then, at least, for shame. If you ! refuse to believe that ever there were men who gave their souls to God—know and cemfess how surely there are those who sell them to his adversary.—Ruskin. Oh, my he ad I Take iiromo-Kora. In stantly cures headaches, diminishes fa tigue. LOS ANGELES HERALD: SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 28, 1897 LENT LEISURE Mild Relaxations of Wash' ington Society THE SPRINGTIME DIVERSIONS NOTHING MORE EXCITING THAN LITERARY DISSIPATIONS The Smart Set Is Recuperating From the Effects of the Season's Fes tivities—Wheel Devotees Special Correspondence to The Herald. WASHINGTON, D. C. March 20 — Spring- le here. The air begins to show a southern glow; there is the sweet, earthy smell of growing things In the scented' atmosphere; up In the White House grounds the yellow crocuses arc blossoming and the purple panslee are lifting their heads to the warm sun light; dandelions are nodding In the oreeze; a soft summer haze clothes the Virginia hills in the distance, and the wiehery of early spring makes one wish to linger long in the parks or sit on thes benches in the little squares and cir cles to which the avenues and streets converge. The odorous perfume of jasmine fills the air, and the flush of delicate, pink blossoms glows every- j where. LENTEN RELAXATIONS. Over the social life of the national capital has fallen the quietude of Lent — n the season of meditation and withdrawal ; from worldly dissipation. There are | numberless quiet attractions appro priate to the season. Juet now It is the proper thing for the smart set to at tend the concerts given by the- Marine, band at their barracks every Monday afternoon from 2 to 3. This Is an ex tremely pleasant Lenten diversion at which debutantes and thMr friends are much in evidence. Another attraction for the ultra fashionabieonte who are Just now resting in sackcloth and ashes are the delightful organ recitals by Mr. Theophile at St. John's, following the short afternoon service on Saturdays. IDA TARBELL. Then there are any number of after noon lectures and recitals, prominent ; Imong which is the series given at the , Washington club on Fridays- at 5 oclock. ! The first, which occurred last week, was In the fortl of a bright, cl< ve-r talk by Miss Ida Tarbell, who Is well known through her connection with McClure's Magaalne, to which she has contributed lives of Lincoln, Napoleon and Mme. Roland. Three years Misß Tarbell lived Ir. Paris, that most fascinating capita! in the world, and had the privilege of see ing a side of it denied to the casual ob server. She is an exceedingly bright, clever woman, with an eye for the pic turesque and a keen sense of humor. Her talk—a tale of her life there as a student—was full of Interest and charm lor all those who know Pails through their visits or their reading. OTHER DIVERSIONS. This week Mr. John Fox. jr.. who is ! spending some time in Washington as I the guest of his friend, Mr. Thomas ( Nelson Page, gave a reading from his novels, dealing with life in the southern I mountains, and next Friday the final i lecture of the series will be given by j Mr. Bernard R. Green, who will tell tne story of art in the congressional library ' building, illustrating his talk with sfereopticon views. The proceeds of these lectures go to 1 the scholarship fund of the Vassar Stu dents' Aid society. Besides this lecture course, a series of i delightful Shakespearian readings are | being given at the Washington club rooms on Monday afternoons at 4:16, by Miss Bingham. Her rendition of "Mid- I summer Night's Dream" was further In tensified by the beautiful production by | well-known musicians of Mendelssohn's incidental music to this play. Last week some of Washington's best talent, lyric and comic, was absorbed In the production of the comic opera, "Pris cllla," given under the auspices of the Daughters of the American Revolution, the proceeds to be used for the benefit of the Continental hall. The affair was presented in the shape of afternoon mat inees at the Columbia theater, and at tracted large audiences. The patroness es included Mrs. Hobart, Mrs, Adiai Stevenson, Mrs. U. S. Grant, Mrs. Lelter and Mrs. Sprague.' Parlor lectures are also In vogue as a favorite Lenten pastime. Mrs. Ervlng Winslow of Boston Is giving a series of Shakespearean readings In the drawing rooms of fashionable Massachusetts avenue homes. Up at the National museum a course of free public lectures Is running through this month and next, each Sat urday afternoon, well-known scientists having volunteered their services for the occasion. Besides all these literary diversions, there are quiet dancing parties among the younger set, confined to the "small ar.d early" functions. In accordance with I.enten restrictions. The warm, sunshiny weather has en ticed devotees of the wheel to enjoy a spin along the avenues, and no city has more delightful streets for cycling than Washington. The roads leading into the suburbs to the Soldiers' Home and Cabin John Bridge are exceedingly pop ular and every afternoon score l * of cy clers of both sexes from the social set, In natty costumes, present a pii iiu eiqiie scene as they spin along t.he smoo h bou levards on their steel steeeds. The Brit ish ambassador and Lady I'aurcefote and the Austrian minister and B.ironess Hengelmuller are among; the most prominent. A large percentage of the smart social set are recuperating from the season's festivities and the Inaugural cereTnottiei at near-by resorts. Mr. and Mrs. John A. Logan went down to Fortress Monroe last week, taking with them a large house party, I Ex-secretary of the Interior Francis and Mrs. Francis s I last week for Old Point Comfort, where they will spend a few days before returning to their home vi St. Louis. PERSONAL Mrs. F. W. Blrney, president of the Mothers' congress, leaves t.iis week for California, accompanied by her two lit tle daughters. Me.-. Lamont and family left iast week for Fortress Monroe, wrier.- they were joined later by Colored Lamont and went on to Palm Peach Fla., t-j spend a month. Luring the inaugural ceremonies Chat. Dana Gibson, and Richard Harding Da vis made a flying visit to Washington in eiuest of material for an article, short ly to be published, descriptive of the official ceremonies. Both artist and writer were the guests of Thomas- Nel son Page. H. B. F. THE LEAVES OF TIME (1806-1897.) The leaves of Time how swift they turn— Each year Is as an arrow sped; Death i atches one- within his urn* Another comes rose-garlanded. The written leaf has passed our power Either to alter or undo; And now we face the solemn hour Which UShere In the leaf that's new. Though tender love and fond regret Checker for us the- year that's past, Hope's shining promise beckons yet To vistas looming grand and vast. Let cypress drape the year which went Down the dark corridors of Time; While lilies wreathe the one unspent. Which heralds joys- and dreams sublime. The travel of the stars and sun (Jots on in noiseless mystery; We see transcendent things begun, But not at all what yet shall be. So strange these human annals are. So far they reach beyond our ken; The motion of the farthest star I- somehow with the sons of men. Linked In a destiny unseen, Hut shaping as the leaves unroll, Greater fruition than has been For every waiting human soul Pray that this leaf of spotless white. Whose clean space covers land and sea, In all Its Issues infinite Help for a better world may be. May war's red horrors fade and ceaae, And human love have larger birth. And may the thousand years of peace Descend to hallow all the earth. —Joel Benton in Harper's Weekly. & — I—.1 —. # I N.B.BlackstoncC«o! * <*> t The Tsme for Buying' t $ Seen meir Goods Is at Hand I M © H"3(s I X We offer In the way of a leader a case of Shantong Pongees, a splendid washable fabric, 27 inches wide, lesembling sateen, only a liner and lighter fabric; price per yard 8 1-3 C 4& I nt flsc I Tamis Cloth, another handsome new fabric, very open and slml- * <&> lar to grenadine, In plain colors and fancy figures, yard 15c & Our stock of Black and White Figured Goods is exceptionally <ft> good, comprising a varied line of lawns, organdies, lappets, etc. X 21 All Prices from, per yard, *' Mousellne Rale dOr, a new and very stylish fabric, with metal- x * > lie stripes, desirable line of colors. A line of Gazine Suitings in colored and satin stripes, corded <&> _f stripes and with small embroidered figures. 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