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CARICATURES Invention That Threatens Humorous Artists FAMOUS FACES CONTORTED HOW M'KINLEY. DEPEW AND CLEVELAND APPEAR After the Device Has Labored With Their Physiognomies—A Pantograph the Basis Special Correspondence to The Herald. PARIS, April I—Caricature is no longer an art. but has become a science. This metamorphosis is the rcfult of the invention of a machine which accom plishes in an actually scientific manner what has previously been attempted by the artist's pencil. This 1 applies soli 1} to the face, but it may be that un im provement will be gained en me day which will enable the body to be treated In a similar manner. It Is the sensation of the hour among the sketth artists. It Is the beginning of a new era in illustra tion. The artist. In making his caricature, exaggerates with a comical twist of his pencil, the features of his subjejet, for the purpose of making him ridiculous. Except in rare cases the line of propor tion Is entirely lost, being sacrificed to M'KINLEY, DEPEW AND CLEVELAND secure the most ludicrous effect possible. The machine, for it works purely on me chanical principles, never loecs sight of the principle of proportion for an In stant. It is practically a reversal Of the vvotk of nature in forming the face of man. . When, therefore, the opposite of an individual is spoken of, w hat may b meant is just what the caricature ma chine makes. In other words, it shows what nature might have done had she been of an opposite mind at the time of the growth of the individual. As the accompanying illustration makes plainly apparent, the machine is neither complicated nor difficult to op erate. Look at the picture ar.d you will see just exactly how it is done. The apparatus is in the form of a letter T. The numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 indicate the holes in which the lower extn mityof the horizontal bar of the Tis fixed. One ol the extremities of this T ic> provides with a point which fits all the hollows o.' a metal plate bearing the outlines of the physiognomy which it is intended to caricature. This plate, when the draw ing is placed upon the movable disc, marked A. ii. C, I>. E, F, G, H can h. toed in any desired position by the spring marked O. • The subject upon which the picture show s the machine to be working is Mrs. Hetty Green, whom \\ < know over hero as the richest woman in Ami ilea. In dentally 1 might say that I have had Tlr machine tried on thi- pictures of a num ber of famous Ami rii-ans, that th who read this article may Judge for themselves Just how the result really ap pears when familiar with the subject n Question. The left extremity of thi longitudinal bar of the T has a point which in the picture is resting upon the back of Mrs. Green's head. The other extremity of the same bar has attache.) to it a pointed lead pencil and this Is drawing, when the bar is moved, tin ex act reverse of the -aturul lines of Mr- Green's face and head. The horizontal bar can be moved in a semicircle the distance marked by the numbered holes This movement brings the pencil point and its companion at the other extreme of the longitudinal bar to various points within a giv n apace, and amply sufficient to complete ly perform the task of caricaturing tho subject. The process of operating th • bars is, as can be seen from this, very simple, consisting merely of a movement from right to left and vice versa. It re quires neither artistic taste nor skill to perform this task. So simple Is the nec essary action that a sensible child can do as well as most grown persons. 1 There arc given herewith three ex- I amples. which all Americans will appre ciate, of just what this machine can ac complish. If one cares to take the trouble and study the problem, it will be found that the solution is that the natural lines of the face and head have been completely reversed. The faces which have been selected for these ex amples are those Ol President William McKinley. Chauneey M. Depew and ex- President Grover Cleveland. Take the lace of President McKinley. It needs no physiognomist to tell that there is HETTY GREEN In Process of Caricature by the New Device force fulmss and character without lim it. The pose of the features are truly Napoleonic. What does the machine show ? The kindly eyes have changed to rnther fierce c<rbs looking from be neath bushy eyebrows The face as a whole has an almost puritanic cast. The chin, though indicative of much will power, shows narrow-mindedness, ami the entire countenance and head are those of a man w ho looks-upon the world with anythirg but a kindly eye. appar ; tntly considering the majority of its In habitants as natural enemies Fully as great a contras'. exists be ; tween the picture of Chauneey M. Depew •as shown by the phhotographer*s lens | end the object of interest presented by j the caricature machine. Mr. Depew is . a benignant appearing individual in real i life. After the machine has dwelt upon him he has th- appearance of a man with I a profound grievance There is some I thing Bboat th- face which makes one ! think of a donkey, and surely there Is nothing of that sort about the original, j Mr. Depew is quit- bald, but the carica : ture Intensifies it. One could never im j agine that it was possible to twist the I countenance of th- greatest pi racon ; teurs Into su-ii a strange arrangetni rrt lof features as the caricature presents I You can almost seethe teats ready to well up in the « ye s, ' Then is a general j air ot sorrow and the impression which an Individual gives who is far from be ing at peace with the world. Pi rbaps the strongest contrast ol oil is noticeable in the case of ex-Presic" nl Grover Cleveland. You wouid never mi i I in Europe such a looking man as th • caricature makes or him. Mr, Cleveland is not an Adonis, but he always looks like k man o: mind and ot urbane ex perience. 1 remember when traveling in the United States some years ago of seeing the prototype of the Individual the machine presents as .Mr. Cleveland- He had Jusi arrived in the town of Chart- Iron, Neb., with some cattle brought in from the plains. I remember us he i id* Up by the railway station his hat blew off, and as In >at upon the porch thert Ik pri si uted exactly the appearance of the caricature. The contrast between Grovi i- Cli vi land and the cowboy Is c< r tainly as great as can h<- found. Mr. Cleveland's face indicates tremendous 1 will, di olslon and the ability that make's I the statesman. Tha caricature shows I exactly tbe opposite, unless it be a ces j tain amount of w ill. This particular por trait art! its results show better than either of the others bow thoroughly tho proaess of revi rslng is can c d out. If any men or women who happen to consider themselves lacking In beauty wish to know just hdw they would have looked had th< Ir appearance been ex actly the reverse of what it Is, the new machine makes the way clear. I have to as great an extent as possible comp ared the results of the machine's work v» ith the cleverest sketches by the- pencils o.* eminent caricaturists. It cannot be e'enieU -hot the maenine .- < -els. LOS ANGELES HERALD: SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL \\, *897 THE AMERICAN AND THE ENGLISHMAN A CONTRAST (Written for The Herald.) When Alexander the Great, trying to perplex the gymnosophlsts, asked them "Whet is the craftiest of all animals'."' they replied. "That With which niiiu la ! not yet acquainted. | What Is this animal? The following description of it W« take '■ from the "Natural History of Linnaeus:" "Instead of following that which Is right he is subjected to the guidance of ' manifest error; this envelops all his fac ;u I ties under the thick veil of custom: 1 thus governed Ivy opinion, he lives con formably to custom, instead of guided by reason. If wo examine the hi-t-ry of many na , Hons, to see If this description of man is universally true, or If he anywhere rises nbove that degraded thing, the puppet of cut tarn, described by Lisnaeus, we una a much nobler being In republican coun tries. With the cxetclse of freedom, the intellect expands, and habit Is dom inated by reason. We have only lo con trast the American with the English man to discover how rapidly the human mind progresses undet republican insti tutions. There Is no mystery In the proo It Is a necessity growing out of the na ture of things. In ancient monarchies abuses have been accumulating for ages. Those who profit by the ibuses. being aware that it Is custom alone which rec ent lies the public to these abuses, and having the direction of the education of the nation, foster in the pupil a docile Obedience to custom, and a distrust )i reason, Referring to this, Sydney Smith. In the Edinburgh Review, Wrtttt: "When reason is in opposition to ■ man's interest, his study will naturally be to render the faculty Itself, and what ever issues) from it. an object of hatred and contempt. ... It might almost he imagined that thero was something wicked or unwise in the exercise tti thought." . . .„ nl England at the present hour the crusade against reason Is even more en ergetic and universal than In the da\ of Sydney Smith. The crafty animal of the Gymnosophlstl has succeeded In gctiios. the whole 0. j',r.gmr.u s v.,-,,,.. --tlon into its hands, and Is manipulating its prize In the manner which might be expected from its character, as drawn byLinnaeue. Custom Is held up to ven eration under the euphemism of "con servatism." ar.d obloquy heaped on rea son. This cult not only prevents all ra tional progress, but actually tends, by reveising evolution, to return man te a' cephalous state from which he has, to a limited extent, emerged. If reason Is an untrustworthy guide, then it is clear man has just cause of complaint against nature for having furnished him with brains. But on looking into natural history to s-ee If it throw s any light upon this vexe I question, what do we find'?—heads me trumps! Animals with small oerebral developments are always and every wrere, the prey of the victims, of those who have more head. It is superior ri a son which enables man to subject the less intellectual animals to his wants an>. wishes. If the ass had more Intellect than the man it would ride the man. If the pig had more mind than the mar It would stick him. bleed him. cut him up. salt him, smoke him. cure him anc turn him into baton. It is reason alone which stands between man and this appalling fate. Reason is the only protector man has against the hosts ol parasites Who seek to feed on him. Rea son is the faithful dog which guards the sheep; the crafty wolf would persuadi the simple animal to discard his natural protector. The hidden wisdom in the answer o. the gvmnosophlst Is now manifest. Mat: the craftiest of all animals. Intimately acquainted with all other animals, ll unacquainted with himself. His vanltj renders him blind. You show him hb photograph, free from the disguises o! nattering rhetorical pigments, draw with the plain, straight truthfulness ol the sun, ar.d he fails to recognize thi unpicturesque personage. He recolb Horn his own portrait, faithful as th reflections of a minor. He sees what* A puppet: v clockwork mechanism moved by the spring of habit : a marion ette dancing to the strings ol custom an automaton, of the weather-cock pat tern, marking how opinion blows ant' shitting with every change of wind; a animal the loftiest faculties of whOSi mind are Imitatior and memory: only raised above the level of the monkey b> speech; and only above tha- of UM starling, the magpi' and the parrot (wh< have been to school) by having a little memory, and therefore a larger vocab " "What animal is this?" the EnglNh man asks, effecting not to know. Th-. gymnosophist replies, "This is the craft iest of all animal—and animal with which man is not yet acquainted." But this is man only in the countries where it is the interest of those who have- his education in their hands to rob him of his reason In a republic man is a very different being . The English man and American are types. Let us note the difference between them: The- Englishman is a "Conservative"—he is ruled by habit. The American is a ' .Philosopher—he is ruled by reason. The Englishman decidi ■ a question by prece dent or by authority; the American decides It on its merits. Propound a pj-i blent to an Englishman and he con st-Its not his reason, but his memory. He asks: What dues Shakespeare say '.' or what does Salisbury say? or tin Tini- or Staadan] say? or antiquity, traditions or pr< edciit-i say? or the ■ ~urt society or fashion say? He pins his faith on the oracle and never goes behind the revelations. His answer is r.s the echo of the mocking bird which repeats the notes It has heard tjbooften ost. or the- last : or as the? voice of Edi son's phonograph which talks w h< n you turn the handle but can originate noth ing. But the American is self-contained. He has learned th- necessity of examln mjr i eery question for himself. Instead of taking his opinions on trust from others. Thus has grown up within him a spirit of inquiry which raises him above the narrow little prejudices o! school and custom. Propound the prop osition to him ttnel you ge-t a rational answer. He Inquires, "What does com mon si use say . " He holds lhat to shirk deciding a question on its merits, to shuttle it ovi r to an authority. Is thi act of a cultivated fatuity, an induced int-lio'-'Moi '•■ —the last refuge of folly and ignorance. .. . fIIOLTNETJWff. Bourne mon th, Sn gland. Individual Influence No human I Irs can come Into this work? without Increasing or diminishing the sum total of human happiness, not only of the pre sent, but of every subse quent age of humanity. No one can de tach himself from this connection. There la no sequestered spot In the universe, no dark niche along the disc of non-exist •ne«, to which' he <un retreat from his relations to othere*. where he can with draw the influence of his existence upon the moral destiny of the world; every where he will have companion? who will be better or worse for his Intluence. It Is an old saying, and one.of fearful and fathomless Import, that we are forming characters for eternity. Feirmlng char acters! Whose? Our own, or others? Both—and in that momentous fact lies the peril and responsibility of our ex istence. Who is sufficient for the thought? Thousands of my fellow be ings will yearly enter eternity with characters differing from those they would have carried thither had I never lived. The eunlight of that world will reveal my finger marks in their primary formations, and in their successive strata of thought and life—Ellhu Bur ritt. Warned by Rats The conditions favorirg plague are similar to thosi? favoring typhus fever, namely, crowd poisoning, bad ventila tion and drainage. Impure water supply, famine or Imperfect nourishment, and inattention to sanitary requirements. It Is probable of this disease-, as of yellow fever, that ruman habitations and the ground may become so thoroughly In fected as to establish endemlclty. The bacillus may Infect food and water, though how long it will retain its viril ity In water is as yet undetermined. Clothing and other personal effects, bed ding, etc.. may be infected through the discharges. The bacillus Is not killed by drying, as is the cas? with the cholera bacillus, and may be carried In the dust arising through the cleansing of dwell ing houses which plague patients have occupied. A very important element In the spread of the plague in houses and lo calities are rats and other animals. It has been found that rats, mice, snakes, beetles, bugs. Hies, dogs and jackals are Infected during an epidemic. It is sig nificant that the purely herbiverous ani mal!'—horses, oxen, sheep, goats and rabbits—are exempt. Rats die In large numbers, and generally this phenome non is observed in advance of the ap pearance of the plague among human beings. The cause of their Infection Is •till a subject of dlscusVion. The soli becomes infected, nnd a very common belief in Oriental countries Is that the rat contracts the disease from miasmat ic emanations from the soil, but this has never been scientifically demonstrated, and is probably incorrect. The fact that mortality amonsr rats precedes an outbreak of plague among human be ings is explained by L,o\vson by the fact hat rats have their snouts about an inch above the floors of houses, and are more liable to Inspire plugue-iofected dust than are human beings.—From "The Black Plague." by United States Surgeon-General Walter Wyman, In North American Review for April. The Unrest of Pretense Dr. Anna Robertson Brown, speak ing in Philadelphia recent!y ( to a branch if the Association of Collegiate Alum nae, said, upon the topic,"What is Worth While?" "We may drop pretense. Eter nity is not good for shams. Whatever we really arc let us be that in all fear lessness. Whatever we are not, that !<t us cease striving to seem to be. If ■ye can rid ourselves of all untruth of weld, manner, mode of life, and think ing, we shall rid our lives of much rub bish, restlessness and fear. We may '.rop worry. The serene soul Is strong. Worry is an infirmity, a spiritual near ■ iehtedness. a fumbling way of looking at things and of magnifying their value. True spiritual vision sweeps the uni verse and sees things in their right pro portion."—New York Times. i| Something in fashions %oorth Jfifawing || M Europe's footed Authorities |f j|| o — 1 ' o 1 The Sunday Herald | lIS Presents to its readers a series of Carefully Illustrated Articles accurately describing the COMING STYLES IN WOMEN'S GOWNS as 3g| designed and modeled by Europe's Fourteen Masters OF Fashion. It will be the first authentic description ever presented in this country 9jg in advance of their publication abroad. The Court Modelers of Europe, such as Felix, Drecoll, Worth, etc., have always carefully guarded |Jg $ r C: tneir new designs unt il their regular openings, May 8 and September 8; consequently, as the American season opens earlier than that abroad. g|V W- it has always been necessary to ADOPT THEIR PREVIOUS SEASON'S STYLES. Descriptions of new gowns heretofore printed in 3g American publications have'been mere guess work and generally inaccurate. Arrangements have been made with the Court Modelers |Kj I ' The Sunday Herald | Will print exclusively in Los Angeles, each week, advanced designs of the creations of these masters. Thus the ptibltfJ will be Inferimd of TO 3g£ the styles four months earlier than ever before. Each design and description will be signed by one of the following authorities of stjrlw jgfi To the Uahan^u d ßu. S anan courts ffi / ' X A. ttsrabard, Cottumer to th. Uaiee ol tha court M jtt (TSVj fc<j-t_i-fc_.. *f\Jtt >"B* St. Petersburg. Th. Duchais of Leachteabaqi US (Ch. Drkcoll, Vienna.) and the CountoM Etrasjnaoß, oourt»la6> j» To the Imperial Family of Austria. to Uo Do **** r BB *"* fc JSP out<t3 Bister, Berlin.) * - gCT SSS To Kur Majesty end the Princess of the Royal and jf A * , » t , SK pjp> IlßFCnal Family of Osrmeny. Vl/j4st+<*>€i jm #W ■Qc '&?*4<K.*/[ (ALFRED Mannino, Dublin.) ( LsW^JjTjFAS' m+ sv££ Q<>j y / _ixj» '■"■gS!--^ 3 To H. M. The Queen of England. ** MB egjg H. R. H. The Princess of Wales. 47 r <DE GASPARI, ROSA E TORTA, Turin.) By special appointment to Her Majesty The _#88 X£9 _ . Queen of Roumaoia and the Irish Court 1 sfiSK Wot o in S. M. La Reine d'ltalie. S. A. K. La Duchesse as £ I<B (Toss s. M. La Reine do Saxe. GAnes Isabclle I Sllsr b. A. X La Ducheuse do S. A j. R. La Duchess I Sf*C JJjßi Genes Elizabeth. U'Aosto Bonaparte. 'Str . %> \ _ I»X cßn jSri OL A, Voqxls, Tas HSgas.) EMILIA BOSS!, / To tbe Royal Oeurt •« Hsllsnd, / (Cllmank * Strauss, Fraakfurt A. M.) jggK §S ' / f (Hl«aW*Ca,BrMS.*) / ff*Ht f Y/^ ~~Tr AlsoofAmMr tag, Cologne, Dresden, / tw " ' TV Florence. H r?ISSS P™uL%" in / (BUHIM * FKWbbT, IVsadoaT Queens of Italy, Servla, snd Wurtomberg-. •« *° *• 1 «o«rt of Helland. »g I MEM) THE HERHLUD | I. N. B. 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A. m tie line. j kf> X Complete assortment of Carriage Shades and Chil- Q/OVCB and Hosiery *$* -jl, dren's Parasols. <\ ~ *&» ~ I Latest novelties in plaid hosiery for ladies. w Handkerchiefs and Fans Full line of oxblood reds, tans and browns in ladies X TJ Very complete line ot gauze fans in white. \\ and childrens hosiery to match new colors of shoes. X X black and light colors, (S ffflr* it to (#(£ (sffj) ] Complete assortment of black hosiery for men, Jl, T ail prices from, each W #SK])iyJ j[ women and children. T T Ladies' All Linen hemstitched hand- ftto (Jwffilr ; : New gloves just received in corn color and cham- T 2* kerchiefs, from U w j pa gne colors, Easter Specalties. ' r f* All linen embroidered hand- Effjlf fln (0&(?t) (Sffjl '! " r J kerchiefs, each. fro*>.„. ®W» w j; Qfobons and Neckwear T A Sh^^wen^««| indker " $641(0) 1 ® '! Ribbons especially for sash and neckwear In gauze J Embroidered handkerchief,, 7( e r f n <ih<| fiC |! with colored moire center, linen ribbon with moirelandX X with real valencieness, each... tf 0* ™ #U»i© satin stripes, plain and moire taffeta ribbons .11 all the X 4, Full line of IaJL-s' and childrens' low priced hand- j nfW and desirable colors. J, 4* kerchiefs and men's handkerchiefs, from 6U'c to Ji.oo I New designs in fancy neckwear and ruchings, *f 4< each including cotton, linen and silk. I very stylish and all at popular prices. «|* I N. B. BLACKSTONE CO. m VJL N^" sSt - 1 r-f-f ■•?*H -T fr-f Hfff *••¥ •?•-? -f-H-f-M *i f -*M-W-H ■* -f *? -f -f -f-f v CUTLERY^=> Butcher and Barber Supplies Agent for Tlieo. A .Koch's Columbia and Hy draulic Barber Chain and Furniture; mug deco railns; the best rmi n- done In this city by elec tric nower; all work guaranteed; spevial altcntiou paid 10 ra/.nr honing and shaving outfits, ttend for our l itest catalogue^ Jos. Jaef cr, 522 S. 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