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■INC WHI BALCkV THE Herald Publishing Company WILLUn A. SPALUINO, President and General Manager. EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT: 221 East Fourth street. Telephone 156. i BUSINESS OFFICE: Bradbury Building, 222 West Third street. Telephone 217. j RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION ; Dally, by carrier, per month t 75 Daily, by mail, one year 9-0O . Daily, by mail, six months J.oO Dally, by mail, three months 2.20 Sunday Herald, by mall, one year -.00 Weekly Herald, by mall, one year 1.00 POSTAGE RATES ON THE HERALD 4S pages 4 cents ! 32 pages 2 cents |86 pages 3 cents j2B pages 2 cents '24 pages 2 cents | 16 pages 2 cents 12 pages 1 cent ' (EASTERN AGENTS FOR THE HERALD A. Frank Richardson. Tribune building, New York: Chamber of Commerce build ing, Chicago. SAN FRANCISCO OFFICE: 628 Market street, opposite Palace Hotel. TUESDAY, MAY li, 1897- WHY PROCRASTINATE? The president's message to congress asking for an appropriation of J50.000 for the relief of American citizens in j Cuba is only another small bit of fencing ' with a grave question. Such relief can 1 only be temporary and inadequate and will not reach thousands of the destitute , non-combatants, who have been driven ' from their plantations by Weyler's dev ilish starvation policy. Congressman Bailey cannot be blamed for insisting on the resolution for recognition of the in surgents. Ultimate intervention on the part of the United States is inevitable, if the reputation of the nation is to be maintained, and it is blind weakness to attempt to temporize. The efforts of the Cuban people to fre? themselves from Spanish rule amount to more than a mere .insurrection; the conditlon is that of organized and well sustained rebellion. The treatment of the one under the principles of interna tional law is quite different from that of the other. So long as the conflict is be-' tween an established government and mere insurgents, it is not the practice cf other governments to interfere; but when it has reached the dignity of re bellion interference may be interposed to the extent of recognizing belligerent rights. This is done In the interest of humanity, to compel respect to the rules of civilized warfare. Recognition of belligerency does not per se constitute a casus belli. Every nation has the right to judge for itself whether the condition justifies such ac tion; it is not an aid to one side or the other, except in so far as it compels humane treatment of prisoners of war. and modifies to some extent the applica tioniof neutrality laws. It does not per mit the rebel authorities to fit out expe ditions in neutral ports, or to make a neutral country the base of hostile op erations. It is conceded that in addition to an organized military force there must be an organized civil government, but no exact rule can be laid down in regard to the later. Circumstances have some thing to do in passing upon that ques tion. The Cubans certainly have a formal civil organization, and it is respected and obeyed in very much more than one half the island; in fact, the Spanish government has little control beyond the limits of Havana and none beyond the limits within which Spanish laws are enforced by the army. The Cubans are fighting for freedom, for Eelf- govern ment, for the same rights that Amer icans possess, and therefore a popular government like ours should not be too technical and restrictive In determining whether it ought to grant belligerent rights to the Cuban patriots. Further than this, the evidence is con clusive that the war waged by the Span iards is of an inhuman and brutal char acter, and it is the duty of a Christian government to take measures to put a stop to it, only going so far as may be necessary to the accomplishment of thai end. A good deal of time has been given the Spanish government to suppress the rebellion, but It has not succeeded in making it appear that it can ever do co. Considering that American interests have been destroyed to a large extent, that the conduct of Captain-General Weyler has been Inhuman, that desti tution and hunger so prevail as to enlist the efforts of the charitable to relieve the suffering people, it does seem as if our government has been sufficiently forbearing, and that it has gone to thi very verge of disobeying the commands of moral and Christian duty in refrain ing from taking a step that will tend to mitigate the cruelties of war and give sympathy and relief to a distressed peo ple. It Is conceded that every nation may rightfully look after the interests of its cltliens in matters that relate to prop ery and commerce. Those Interests of our citizens have suffered Immensely and are destined to further suffer unless something is done for their relief and protection. Cuba is but a day's sail from some of our ports, and on account of its proximity trade with the Island Is of vast Importance to this country and it, but under Spanish rule that commerce has been very much restricted, to the detriment especially of those sections which produce breadstuffs and provi sions, for the Spanish customs' laws necessarily gave advantages to Anda lusia and other agricultural provinces of Spain. The government In recognizing bel ligerent rights would reflect the senti ments of the vast body of the American people, and receive the moral support of those of all civilized countries. SCHOOL BOND ISSUE The city council, at its meeting yes terday, on the report of the committee on public buildings, decided to adopt the plans and specifications prepared by the board of education, and to call an election on the issuance of bonds In accordance therewith. The committee further reported in favor of having the entire work done, as far as possible, under the direct control and supervis ion of the board of education, the coun cil only taking such action as Is abso lutely necessary to make the bonds le gal—in case they are issued. Just what Influence was brought to bear on the members of the council to effect this change of heart is not known, for no later than Saturday afternoon at least two cf the members who yesterday voted in favor of delegating all authority to the board ofi education, changed their minds and voted for the report. As has been pointed out by The Herald, there is a very serious question as to the wisdom of entrusting the expendi ture of this large amount of money to the beard of education, or at least six of them, known as the "solid six;" for it is a generally accepted fact that the minority, composed of Messrs. Braly. Conrey and Davis, will have virtually no voice in the matter. Indeed, these gentlemen have always favored the proposition that the council should at tend to the financial end of the transac tion, raise the money and disburse the same, the board of education, of course, to prepare the necessary plans and tell the council what is wanted. But the majority of the board has always op posed this plan. Insisting that they should not only prepare the plans, but purchase the sites, let the contracts, and handle the finances independent of the council, as they saw fit. Now It is a fact that the members of the board of education receive no compensation; that is to say, they receive no salary, the position being purely an honorary one, supposed to be held by men interested in educational work for the sake of the work itself, and without any reflection on any member of the board, it will certainly strike the average citizen as peculiar, to say the least, that a body of unpaid men should be so anxious to burden themselves with a large amount of additional labor, which Will practi cally consume their entire time for sev eral months, when there is nothing but glory in it. The board of education has enough to do. considering that they work for nothing, and it is not right to burden these self-sacrificing men with addi tional cares and responsibilities, espe cially when it is commonly known that but few of them are comparatively well to-do, and none of them are retired cap italists. On the other hand, the coun cilmen are the paid servants of the peo ple, who take the office on the under standing that they are to give their en tire time to their duties, if it is neces sary. They constitute the responsible legislative branch of the city govern ment, with the power to levy taxes, call bond elections, and take such other steps as are necessary to provide reve nues for the support ot the government. They are directly responsible to the peo ple, and on them the responsibility should rest. The experience of the past has not been such as to impress the peo ple with the ability of the board of ed ucation as a financier, and the citizens will consider well before they will en trust the disbursement of over three hundred thousand dollars to the close corporation in that body. TURKEY WANTS THE EARTH "The sick man of Europe" Is conval escing so rapidly that he promises to keep the powers of Europe exceedingly busy this summer. We have been thinking that a rigorous breath would blow the Turkish empire to Jericho, but theeultan has gathered an army of 500,000 well drilled and? brave soldiers around him, armed to the teeth with the best modern weapons. The great powers of Europe have made this army what it is. They have takf n the part of the Turk against the Gretk when the latter was doing what all Eu rope has been doing for years. The Ger man empire rests on the principle of the unification of people of the same race and language. The same is true of Italy. The annexation of Crete was an aspiration In the same direction. But what was right elsewhere was held to be wrong here, and Greece was peremp torily ordered to withdraw from Crete. So far so good. But the Turk has won a couple of battles in such etyle as to surprise himself at his own prowess. The powers now find they have kindled a spark that is harder to quench than the old Greek Are. The war party in Turkey is strong, and dcmar.de> as the price of peace conditions Greece can not agree to, and which the powers do net want Turkey to have the benefit of. The payment of £10,000,000 indemnity and the cession of Thessaly is practically the disruption and bankrupting of Greece. It is almost certain that the » LOS ANGELES HERALD* TUESDAY MORNING, MAY If, WT . conceding of so much would coot King George his crown. ' But what is to be done? The wily sultan pleads that the war party In hla dominion will allow him to accept nothing less, and it la possible that in this Abdul Is right. If the Turk» think they were forced Into the war against their own will, now that they see their arms triumphantly victorious. It Is quite natural for them to Insist on gathering the fruits of their victory. And we must not forget that the Turkish government has proclaimed aloud at all tlmew that Greece Is the aggressor, and that the war Is forced on Turkey. The powers have all along said that this is a correct statement of the case. Now it is hardly possible in whatever light the matter is viewed that Europe will consent to all or to half of the de mand of the sultan. Should he prove contumacious there Is a very pretty fight on In Europe. With so powerful an army the Turk can make a most stub born resistance. Once the war is on, no eye can see far enough ahead to discry where it may not go among the fanatics who follow the teachings of the Koran. Theiy extend from European Turkey over the greater part of Asia. Including the English possessions In India, and j they cover the greater part of Africa. In this connection, we must not forget a possibility uttered in The Herald weeks ago, that Russia is playing a deep game of diplomacy to gain end.? she has had in mind for 1000 years,, and that France, Germany and Austria may be more or less' a party to the scheme. Last Sunday the Associated Press dispatches from Soudan gave unequivocal lntlmatiore that there was a great coalition adverse to England, whose influences were be ing felt at every point In the rearrange ment of matters In the east. It has been very easy to assume that these great powers were all open and above board in their seeming under standing, and that the war would be lo calized and of short duration. It has been a plain thing upon the surface that both belligerents must obey the dictates of the powers when they should all speak in concert. It may be that the real mind- of all the powers Is for peace, and that peace will be maintained. But it need surprise no one if there Is a great mass of insincere pretense covered up under this apparent solicitude for the peace of Europe. A few days will throw more light on the matter. If the sul tan is firm in his demands for so full an Indemnity and for the recession of Thes saly we may look for almost any devel opment except one Which means the restoration of peace to Europe. There are three Influences at work to bring about a general war. One Is a de sire on the part of the two young dee pots, whose tenure of their jobs is not secure, to direct the attention of their subjects to a great foreign war. The other is the conviction that Turkish mis government is an abuse co shameful to modern civilization that the toleration thereof cannot last forever. The third Is a profound dislike of England, which lies at the very heartstrings of the peo ple of Europe. The fin de siecle notion Is not altogether a matter of prejudice. The centuries are somewhat prone to cloee in upheavals and changes of a radical nature, and apparently there never went by a cen tury since history bears its recordismore ripe for revolution than the one at whose close we are now standing. While we shall all feel sorry for the poor dupes- of a falee sentiment of pa triotism which may lead them to their deaths to uphold a rotten despotism, yet, in view of the broader interests at stake, we will say let war come, and let It shake these hypocritical pretenders to solicitude for human rights from their rickety thrones and let an era of real human interest be ushered in where freedom shall have some hearing, and where true patriotic impulses will out weigh sordid considerations of mere ex pediency. INVESTIGATE OR HUSH The United States supreme court de cision in the Chapman case, which con firmed the power of the senate to com pel a stockbroker to answer questions within his knowledge as to whether sen ators had speculated in sugar stocks, does not seem to have impressed the senate with the unmixed satisfaction that its importance might seem to war rant. The report has gone abroad that while the sugar schedule of the new tariff bill was still in the hands of the committee, certain senators availed themselves of a knowledge of Its terms to speculate in sugar stock, and thereby realized handsomely upon the invest ment. In the presence of this new scandal the old one under which the Chapman inquiry arose seems to have lost all its interest. At all events, the disposi tion on the part of the senate to press the investigation of alleged crooked ness, that had its origin more than three years ago, is farJrorr. unanimous. There ore two ways of looking at this con ciliatory tendency. One is that the accusations that have come down from the date of the Wilson bill are now too stale to justify further inquiry and should not be further agitated at this remote date. This is supposed to ac count for the apathy of the senate in the light of its affirmed authority. The other view is far more radical. It is insinuated that the senate was not so greedy for power as the decision of the court might be held to assume. The senate believed that it was entitled to a fair allowance of the bread of Inquis itorial power, but when the supreme court handed down a wnoie loaf, it felt embarrassed. This greater award made It possible to get to the very bottom of the question of any alleged act of sen atorial thrift. To add to the embarrass ment of the situation, Senator Tillman of South Carolina fancied that he dis covered his associates in the very act of making a plausible record of "how not to do it," and thereupon, referring to the current rumor of senatorial speculation, read his colleagues a lecture. He said: Now If you want to Investigate, you have a neW reason to Investigate. If you intend to get at the true Inwardness of the mat ter, to get at the truth and to punish those who are guilty, say so and do so, or else hush. That is the whole sum and sub stance of it. We do not want Chapman. We want Havemeyer. We want the Amer ican who bought your men. If they were bought. That is what we are here for, and now let the senator who has moved to re fer the matter, and who lovea the dignity of the senate as much as any other man, take the resolution to his committee and bring back a measure here that will mean something. We can now make those men who have charged that senators have spec ulated say where they got the informa tion or we can punish them for contempt. Whether the senate will decide to prosecute a further inquiry Into the sugar speculation or whether it will avail itself of Tillman's license to hush, is a matter that will be developed In the rear future. At this time it would seem that the "hush" policy is In the ascend »ant. DEARER THAN APRICOTS This section is paying roundly Just at I thie time for what are facetiously called ! Irish lemons, or bog oranges. The j potatoes which burst their sides laugh - i Ing on the dinner tables of Los Angeles leome from Northern California, Oregon, | Nevada and as far east as Colorado, or even from beyond the Missouri. Laid | down here they cost In first har.idi-'one cent per pound, or more than peaches or apricots will bring next July. To the consumer they come to one and a half cents' per pound. No wonder they burst themselves laughing at us. An acre of good ground will pan out 200 bushels of potatoes, nnd at one cent per pound this Gome* to $120 per acre. Cost of production considered this discounts orange growing. Owing to the low temperature prevail ing here, new crop tubers will not be in the market in quantity before the middle of May. If supplies in the middte west give out our mealy-mouthed frlencln, so charming hot from the oven on cold mornings, will cost us still more money. The only possibility of a solution of the eastern question and the single hope cf eradicating the dominion of the Turk lies In the expectation—and apparently it is by r.o means groundless—that the. sultan, exuberant In his triumph, will refuse to submit to the dictation of the powers. The sultan's timidity and hjs "adroit evasions" have hitherto been his safeguards. If he will only defy Eu rope now, which the temper of the Mus sulmans, flushed with victory, will prob ably encourage, in a very short time the Tartar will no longer reign in Constan tinople. The Chicago Times-Herald has an editorial leader on "The Bugaboo of Fi nancial Reform." Didn't Editor Kohl saat primlse that all currency ghosts should be laid with the election of his aear friend William McKinley, backed up by the financial plank of the Repub lican platform, written by no less a personage than Mr. Kohlsaat himself It is net fair to make the public's hail stand on end after this fashion. Isn't silver really and truly dead? The water supplied to Chicago is so bad thai it has been shut off from the public buildings, and 200.000 little ones are cooped up all day without a drop of water to drink except as they may go home between sessions. The thermom eter stood at 80 degrees one day rec-ntly and the suffering of the children was described as pitiable. Chicago should put its vaunted "I will" at work on the water question. The Drei Kaiser Bund, or the league of the three emperors, of Russia, Ger many and Austria, seems to be a wheel within the wheels of the concert of Eu rope, and would be an alliance that the other powers would' have good reason to regard with apprehension. The statement in the London Times that "it is known to a certainty that seven hundred millions of gold $3,500. --000.000) lies hidden in the Transvaal" shows a much weightier consideration in Great Britain's policy than the rights of the Outlanders. Even President Cleveland never worked the capital "I" In as hard as the literary war correspondents are working it. Blasts From the Ram's Horn Better freedom in bonds than bonds in freedom. Pretend to know and you will become an empty shell. The crust with an appetite is better than a feast without. They who wait to do great things never do anything. The wasted mental force would do all the work of the world. One truth in the life is better than a hundred in the memory. In war at this day men think more of the chances of victory than the justice of the cause. Democratic Ammunition Had the Republican leaders been wife they would have made very conservative tariff revision, confining the policy of protection to the liberal protection of American labor and eliminating all monopoly features from the new revenue bill. Had they been specially charged with the task of furnishing an issue to reunite the Democrats of the country and conservative voters of every faith who believe In honest taxation they could not have performed their task with greater fidelity than has been done In framing the Dingley tariff bill.—Phila delphia Times. Sop to the Lumber Thieves The senate never showed its utter dis regard of the general welfare more strikingly than when it yielded to the persuasior.rs of the lumber thieves' lobby and voted to reopen the public lands' pet aside for the protection of the head waters of our great western river (systems. This swindle was made a "rider" upon the sundry civil appropria tion bill, f) that if the house Is won over the president must either veto the whole bill or assent to this crime against all the people of the west in alt time to come. —New York World. A Minister's Son Freilrly, the small son of a well known minister, had been naughty, and to pun ish him he was not allowed to eat at the family table. A small table was set for him In the corner of the dining room. When his dinner was placed before him. Freddy said very solemnly: "Lord I thank Thee that Thou bast spread a table be fore me In the presence of my enemies. .—London Sun. THE PUBLIC PULSE (The Herald under this heading prints communications, but does not assume re sponsibility tor tbe Sentiments expressed. Correspondents are requested to cultivate brevity as tar aa Is consistent with the proper expression of their views.) Trusts and Competition—Again To the Editor of the Los Angele* Her ald: In today's lsaue Dr. Fuller waxes el oquent over thelnlqultie s of competition and yet rejoices at the downfall of com bination as exemplified in the collapse of the steel rail trusii. He denounces labor unions In one breath and In the next he sighs over the starvation wages that the ulon endeavors to prevent, which he falsely assumes will be the result of the collapse upon which he was Junt be fore congratulating the people and the president of the United Siateu He de nies the law of the "survival of the fit test," yet is a pronounced evolutionist In the field of political economy in assert ing that trusts and trade unions' are but the logical outsome of progress in our in dustrial development. ' He says that "trusts are as old as Time Itself yet thinks the trust the (lowering of the competitive system. But the "competitive system" Itself is not so very old. It has come Into exist ence within the last hundred years or so, the French revolution being Its'best remembered mid-wife. Dr. Fuller will not claim that a product of the competi tive system, which the trust undoubtedly is ! , could have pre vloualy existed under feudalism. Figs do not grow from thistles. The trust is peculiarly a mod ern phenomenon. The capitalist clara, with their steam, electricity and ma chinery generally, are producing more than the laboring class can purchase with wagesi held down to the minimum by the competitive wag? system. Without organization—and the trust is simply organization—to prevent this over-production the capitalist iec4>him self constantly loaded with a glut of goodts, which, to rid himself of, he is forced to sell at a sacrifice. The trust is an absolute necessity to cave him from bankruptcy. The old adage of the corner grocer, "to trust is to bust," must now be rendered still briefer and reversed. The motto of to day, glorified by the names of Carnegie, Rockefeller, Havemeyer and a host of other latterday financial saints, is "Bust or Trust." Read the report of the Lexow committee appointed by the New York senate to investigate trusts if you doubt. The trust is simply the result of apply ing machinery to the competitive sys tem. Time only was required for its de velopment. Its final appearance wasas certain as a rose le to bloom at maturity. To get rid of the trust we must either abandon machinery or the competitive system. If the use of steam and electricity were abolished by an act of oongresn the trust would disappear If congress enacted a taw abolishing the competitive system by resolving that all machinery run by steam or electricity tihould become government property, to be run by the government for the bene fit and us? of the public, it would likewise abolish the triict. One or the other of these methods is the only possible way of abolishing trusts. Dr. Fuller Is right, "a change Is on the way." We must either go for ward or backward; back to barbarism or forward to socialleTi; we cannot re main stationary. THE REFEREE. "A Stupendous Agony" "TEF.PE DEE" refers to the "stupend ous agony" of the editor of the Evening Express in advancing arguments to prove the prosperous condition of the people of this nation. He objects very strongly to the comparison of our citizens with the niilives of East India. T. D. asks if the editor of the Express would consider It complimentary if he were called a "Jaun diced pessimist" because he did not remain content If his condition were compared with that of a Digger Indian, to whom earthworms are as a ruddy, luscious vermi celli. There Is little ground for hope from the Republican party except by the trusts nnd other combines of unpatriotic and sel llsh members of the wealthy classes. "Ye friends to truth, ye statesmen who survey. The rich mrj's joys increase, the poor's decay; 'Tis yours to judge how wide the limits stand Between a splendid and a happy land. The Wide Tire Bill H. J. WIBEL (Riverslde)protests against the "wide tire law" formulated by Super ' visor Edmiston and enacteel at the last : legislature as "more of an assault upon the ! rights of man than a measure to conserve the Inlerests of good roads In the state." Hp complains of the arbitrary infliction that on January 1. 1!»0. all wagons must he of certain proscribed dimensions. What Is to become of people whose wagon wheels have not worn out by that date, or who have not the funds to purchase new wheels or to have the old wheels re rimmed. H. J. W. points out that by some oversight no supervisor has suggested and no legislature hns enacted that all women of a certain age must wear a new S2O bon net on Easter Sunday. The Bryan Meeting j "ONE WHO WANTS TO HEAR HIM" [protests against Hazard's pavilion, for the I Bryan mass meeting. Why. our corre | spondenl suggests, should not the tribunes . (at Fiesta parki. where Tens of thousands | coulei be admitted, be utilised! Let a high island bo erected In the center with a can opy overhead and let tbe meeting be in the day time. S. T. (North Pasadena) does not believe that a twenty-acre field will be large enough on July sth, and suggests a forty . acre field. The Aristocratic Tendency M. J. BROWN (Tombstone. Ariz.) ap proves The Herald's views concerning the rejection of the arbitration treaty. Its effects, he thinks, would have been to accelerate tbe march towards an. aris tocracy and away from American institu tions. Tbe single gold standard, now fas tened upon us through the intrigues of England, Is bad enough. Just Suits Him L. A. R. writes: "Honor to whom honor Is due." This Is a "love letter." Hurrah for The Herald and the boy who delivers on this route. I usually rise at 5:30, and about 5:45 the paper is thrown into my yard. I'm pleased all around—with the delivery hoy, the management, the editorials and the paper In general. Road Rights for Cyclists "SPECTATOR" writes calling attention to several serious collisions between teams and bicyclists and maintaining that the road rights of wheelmen are Ignored. He suggests that the city council pass an ordinance giving the riders of (he wheel rights which the driver of vehicle's shall respect. A Prolific Precinct W. B. LUEISRKRS. who was enumerator In the forty-sixth precinct at the late cen sus, points out that the showing of 1716 bona fide- residents In this precinct against 317 voters at the last registration is very creditable. The largest single family list— thirteen —was also found In this precinct. That Jubilee Memorial H. R. proposes as a fitting way of spend ing the funds raised, for the queen's Jubilee memorial a set of chimes for the city of $15,00 "s.; O— 1 ! O Will Do . . . Great things in a store like ours. Look in our cor ner window for the "smart" things in summer suits for men. Investigate our Men's Black Clay Sack and Frock Suits at #IS.OO. You can depend that our Black is a Black, and that the "put together" part is on the right lines. We buy all our clothing from the best people only; same idea as you have in dealing with only the best people. Box After Box Men's Colored Shirts $1.00 101-103 North Spring Street 201-203-205-207-209 West First Street LEAD IN QUALITY AND QUANTITY $ 1000 Reward We have just received £00 gallons of PURE MAPLE SAP SYRUP, bought direct from the maker in Ver mont (no middleman). He authorizes us to stand be hind his goods with $1000 for their purity. Call and sample it yourself. We quote you— Gallon HI«50 G5dt0n....... 80^ Telephone 26 216-218 SOUth Spring St Los Angeles. He thinks a peal of bells say, from the court house steeple—would be a pleasant memory of a British institu tion and a worthy innovation. Don't Forget the Dog and Cat JESSIE A. ENGLISH, president of the Band of Mercy No. 15,611, asks the readers of The Herald: "Do you camp this year? If so, don't neglect to provide for your dos and cat." CALIFORNIA OPINION Barley a Good Yield The barley crop in this part of th" country is being harvested, and shows a good yield, in many cases giving an es timated yield of twenty-five sacks to the acre. Threshing will soon commence. and It is expected that the price will not fall below 60 cents per cental, which should give a return of from $14 to $16 per acre.—Long Beach Breaker. Pasadena's Opportunity Pasadena lies In the pathway between the great electric powers as developed from the mountain streams and their distribution in the metropolis. Her. rests her opportunity to be grasped for her permanent advantage.—Pasadena News. A Sad Affliction This is the time of year when a good many worthy citizens are troubled with loss of memory as they hear the low, gentle voice of the assessor asking how much property they have concealed from sight.—Perris New Era. "Snowshoes" in Summer Down on the toft peat lands near San ta Ana big broad footgear is regularly used on horses to keep them from sink ing Into the ground where they are working.—Pomona Beacon. Reflex Comment The Los Angeles Herald is advocat ing the building of a smelter in that city. If The Herald will get Its s-melter and then get some Los Angeles capitalists to run a railroad up into Iryo county the city will corral a good business for a starter and develop a country which will pay it the biggest sort of Interest in years to come. Los Angeles wants somebody else to do the necessary put ting up.—Bishop (Inyo county) Regis ter. Riverside's Exhibit We appreciate the friendly words of the Los Angeles Herald regarding Riv erside county and the chamber of com merce exhibit, but we regret to say the supervisors have not yet rescinded their action. It Is expected that they will, and the congratulations of The Herald will then be in order.—Riverside Press. Only One Outcome Possible The whole question or public fran chises, particularly as applied to street car lnveutments, If up and has got to be fought out and settled. Manipulators! of those franchises may be certain of one thing—that: there will be no end to this war except an end that acknowledges that the people own their streets and have a right to contract for their use for a given period. The perpetual franchise nonsen*3 will not be allowed' to stand. If It is a law, we shall have other law that will abclifh that law.—lndianapolis News. IN THE PUBLIC EYE Emperor William of Germany has now four sons who hold commissions In the Prussian army. Mrs. McKinley presented to each of the young ladies In her party who at tended the inaugural ba% a handsome fan and lace handkerchief as a souve nir. A movement Is on foot to erect a mon ument to Henri Vieuxtemps, the fa mows Belgian violinist. The monument will be erected at Vervlers, the birth place of the musician. Brigadier and Brevet Major General Frank Wheaton, commanding the de partment of Colorado, has retired from service in the United States army, hav ing reached the age of 63, of which time forty-seven years have been spent in the service. • Sir Isaac Pitman, the shorthand man and vegetarian, who died a short time ago, was peculiar in his habits. He arose every morning at 4 oclock and went to his desk, where he worked, with short pauses only for his simple meals, until 10 at night. On Sundays.he preach ed in the Swedenborgian church. Prince Bismarck was able the other day to go out of doors for the first time since January 2. He drove fbr an hour and a quarter in the Sachsenwald, and is stated to have experienced little dif ficulty in entering and leaving his car riage. On- his return he took a short walk In his garden before re-entering the house. The late Dowager Lady Aberdare of England was especially Interested 1n the prevention of cruelty to animals and' in the working of ttsr poor law. She took an active part in the prepara tion of the women's buildings for the world's fair, having oharge of the Welsh section and contributing an interesting collection of exhibits. Llllenthal's fate of falling a victim to his own Invention has found a parallel In the case of the Austrian railroad en gineer, Zdlslax Szpor. Szpor had in vented a life-caving apparatus for fire men, roofers and men of equally dan gerous occupations, and while demon strating Its practicability was dashed to the ground and killed. Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton expects to bring out the second and concluding part of "The Woman's Bible" In June. Mrs. Stanton, who Is 81, continues th* task alone, her former assistants har» ing lost sympathy with the commentary by women on the parts of the Bible re ferring to women. Mrs. Stanton will subsequently publish her "RemJnli censes," which are nearly all type-writ ten. Adept The champion shearer of Australia for the past season, has broken the rec ord by shearing 33,825 sheep, his earn ings being £338. That may a good rec ord for the antipodes, but a Wall-street broker who couldn't make more than that In (he fleecing of 33,825 lambs would hang crape on his door and consult an untt 4'taker. —Lewlston Journal. Better in the Dark Miss Plain (indignantly)—l'd like to see a man klso me! Miss Pretty (demurely)—l prefer the lights turned down.—London Morning.