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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, August 25, 1897, Image 6

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BUFFALO, N. T.. August 24.—To
morrow fifty thousand men Will
salute the Stare and Stripes as they
lazily float over their heads. At their
front 'will be the dove of peace, for the
war eagle is enjoying a well-earned res|.
The sun may beat down fiercely on the
heads of this host, but they have felt
Its scorohlng rays with ten-fold more
Intensity on southern battlefields. It
will be the thirty-first annual march of
the whole Grand Army of the Republic
and the nation bares Its head as Ihey
pass by.
Buffalo is in a state of continual prep
aration, for to have the national en
campment of the Grand Army is no
•mall honor. Furthermore, the president
6t the United States is coming, a man
who, himself a member of the Grand
;Army, a little more than a year ago
marched in the ranks ot hlg own post as
■ private cithten. This year he will re
ceive the Balute of men to whom he has
I only been a picture, a phantasm, some
thing they ha,ye read of but which has
never been before them in realistic fash
1 Then, at the president's side, will come
st man who possibly has won mort heart
jfelt cheers from these gray-haired men
than almost any other who has every
right to walk in their ranks. They call
him Secretary Alger now, but all his
old comrades only know General Alger
of Mlohigan, who fought with them,
•head of then! and more than once very
Hearty laid down his life for them. This
la a combination that no national en
campment has ever before seen.
ADd Buffalo awaits their coming as
tie boy awaits the Fourth of July. There
will be, unlsss all signs fall, at least
850,000 strangers within the city's gates,
beginning Monday, August 23. They
will hail from almost every state and
territory in tha union. More than one
of them will be able to say, too, when
asked where many a comrade comes
" Tou ask us where he hails from—
Our answer It shall be,
He halls from Appomattox
And Its famous apple tree."
No man will be in the hearts and
thoughts of these old-time soldiers more
than he to whom Roscoe Conkling re
ferred when he first uttered the senti
ment quoted. Grant's old comrades have
•nshrined him. Like Mars himself his
fame is endless.
It Is in chaotic fashion that the Buffa
lonlan will tell you of all that he ex
pects. He knows not what to expect, in
fact, except something that Is far and
away In advance of anything that has
happened in the town before. He is
overwhelmed by the thought of the
memories which the presence of the vet
erans will bring. Today he is much like
the housewife who has set the table for
the guests whose opinions she values
highly. He is flying about in all direc
tions to see that nothing is out of place.
The town has been swept and garnish
ed. Streets have been placed in fire
condition and asphalt pavement donated
to localities which would never have
heard of it within a quarter of a cen
tury to come if it had not been for this
encampment. Nothing is considered too
good for the veterans, bless them. Nev
er will their tired feet find pleasanter
ways to tread, nor their gray hairs be
given more profound respect than here
in this pretty city that smiles on Lake
The pride of the town, however, is
known as the Main street arch. In let
ters six feet in length, sixty feet from
the earth, will blaze Buffalo's "welcome"
to its visitors, a welcome that Is straight
from the heart. Above the word wel
come will be plaoed an exceedingly re
allstio picture of the American eagle.
The arch la in the form of a letter A. and
from the midst of the partl-colered bunt
ing that will cover its ten, feet of thick
ness and sixty-nine feet of height, will
flitter 2500 Incandescent lamps of various
Along the top of the arch's front, and
Just below the word welcome, will be the
letters "G. A. R." In red, white and blue,
each letter being thirty feet high. Ele-c
--trlo lightshave been so arranged that the
veterans will see their national mono
gram by night as well as by day. In
fact, the letters G. A. R. will be- fairly
plastered over the city by the time the
23d of August reaches here. If Buffalo
should tako all the bunting which she
lias used on July Fourth during the last
quarter of a century, it would not make
as great an aggregate as that which will
wrap itself about the city during the
The chances are that the majority of
persons who read these words will be
surprised to learn that the official fig
ures of expectancy ns regards the num
ber of veterans are r,4,119. Here it Is
almost thirty-two years since the re
bellion was crushed forever, and yet
more than 60,000 of the defenders of the
Union will be in line on August 25th.
They are old fellows, the majority. Canes
are not regarded as ornaments by the
most of them. Old wounds make It very
difficult for some to keep up to thr
march, march, march, of their comrades.
Still they form a mighty host, and one
which would be capable of doing infinite
damage yet to those whom they consider
.the enemies- of their country. This, too,
despite the fact that every year the ranks
of those who can no longer answer the
roll call steadily increase.
This is where they are coming from,
and mark well the fact that mamy a state
which they first entered in bright blue
uniform is now on the national roster as
the place where they at present live in
peace- and prosperity.
Illinois 5.00' V Oregon 15
Wisconsin l.oorti Kentucky '. 200]
Pennsylvania... 8.030! West Virginia. 600 !
° hl ° 5,000| South Dakota.. 50
Connecticut .... 1,200 Washington... 15
Massachusetts . 5,90f1i Alaska 1<
New-Jersey 8001 Arkansas".'.'"'.! t
™ a ™•; 2001 New Mexico.... 1
California 25 TT ta h IB
Rhode, Island ... 500| TenneMe'e'".'.'.'.'. 50
New Hampshire 3Wi Louisiana 10
Vermont .. .... 3001 Mississippi .... ]
D s Columbia.. 50(1 - Florida . 20
Virginia ... .... 151 Montana ... 5
North Carolina.. 101 Texas 5
s'/U 1 "?" 1 snoiiaaho »s
fh , raFka 500! Arizona 12
&£ :Wn 3.000 I Georgia 50
T °" a m < Alabama 2
* n n ?' a " a *■«»' North Dakota 10
%L°£?° Oklahoma.... 3
S, Jom!n!r «' Indian Ter 10
Minnesota .... son V- , '"
Kansas J>eW lorkl " 000
Delaware 250
Missouri 1,5001 Total 54 j M
It Is always well to begin at the be- j
ginning, and so here is given some ofh>- '
ial information that will interest every
one who hopes to be at Buffalo durir-.r
the encampment, or who would like to
The G. A. R. National Encampment at Buffalo
know what will be done and how it ail
will be conducted:
"Headquarters Citizens' Committee,
"Grand Army of the Republic:
"Pursuant to instructions contained
in G. O. No. 9, headquarters Grand Army
of the Republic, Omaha, Neb., dated :
July 22, 1597, the following details ate
published for the information and quid- j
ance of all concerned:
"First—At sunrise a salute to the
union (45 guns) will be fired.
"Second — Department commanders I
will meet the commander-in-chief at
Hotel Iroquois, Buffalo, Tuesday, Aug- I
ust 24th, at 4 p. m., for consultation and i
linal orders as to parade and review.
"Third—The annual parade of the I
Grand Army of the Republic will take {
place on August 25th, and will move at j
10 a. m., sharp, from Main street and the !
Terrace, in columns of platoons, eight
files front, at half distance. Post com
manders will keep their posts well
closed up, and department commanders
will see that breaks in the columns are
promptly closed. The route will be up
Main street to Chippewa, west to Del
| aware avenue to North, on North past
reviewing stand at the Circle.
"The reviewing stand will be at the
Circle, and will he designated by the
I national colors. Comrade William Mc-
I Kinley, president of the United States,
! and other distinguished comrades, will
| review the column with the commander
: ln-chief.
! "When passing in review all color
| bearers will salute by dipping the col
-1 ors. Field music will play the "Presi
; dent's March." Bands and field musit:
1 will not turn out of the column. De
partment commanders, their staffs, and
j post commanders, will salute, comrades
in ranks will not salute. The marching
time of the column will be 100 steps to
the minute and no faster.
"Each band and drum corps will take
up the time of the music immediately
preceding it by the snare drummer tap
ping tho time on his drum as soon as the
preceding band has started to play.
Bands in close proximity to each other
should not play simultaneously but al
ternately, the drummers of silent bands
tappi'.:!? the time on their drums. Bands
are to play while passing the review
! ing stand, but will cease playing as soon
as they have passed it, when the band
next approaching will begin to play.
"Departments o*r posts bringing their
i own music to Buffalo will inform their
bands that the above regulations must !
be strictly complied with.
"Having passed the reviewing stand,
department commanders may review
their commands at Jersey street and
Porter avenue, disbanding there as ex
plained in paragraph five of this order.
Street cars in the immediate vicinity
will carry comrades down town.
"Fourth —No carriages or other
wheeled vehicles will be permitted ir.thc;
column except on written order of th'i
commander-in-chief. These orders
must be presented to the officer In
charge of the parade, who will assign
the 1 carriages to places.
"The departments will march in the
order of seniority, and will form as fol
"A platoon of mounted police, under
command ■of General William S. Buli.
superintendent, will form at Main and
Exchange streets and precede the col
umn. The commander-in-chief, his
staft and aides-de-camp will form on the
Upper Terrace, head of the column on
Main street. The horses for the com
mander-in-chief, his staff and aides-de
camp will be on Eagle street, and will
be reported to Col. J. Cory Winans, chief
lof staff, in Parlor F of the Iroquois ho
tel, at 9:15 a. m.
"The divisions and their commanders
will be as follows:
, "First division—Major R. M. Harding.
|N. G. N. V.. first aide-de-camp; Lleu-
I tenant J. S. Embleton, N. G. N. V., sec
ond aide-de-camp. Department of II
! linois- on Main street in two columns,
'eight flics front, at half distance. De
partment of Wisconsin on Perry and
I Washington streets, in two columns.
I eight files front, at half distance,
j "Second division —Major G. J. Haffa,
N. G .N. V., first aide-d#-camp; Lleu
] tenant L. C. Holmes, N. G. N. V., second
aide-de-camp. Department of Pennsyl
vania on Perry street in two columns,
and on Scott street in two columns, eight
] files front, at half distance.
"Third division—Major L. W. Petti
bone, N. G. N. V.. first aide-de-camp;
Captain W. H. Smith, N. G. N. V., sec
ond aide-de-camp. Department of
Ohio on the Lower Terrace, south of the
1 New York Central tracks, in two col
umns, eight files front, at half distance,
j "Fourth division —Captain W. F. Nur
| zey, N. G. N ,Y., first aide-de-camp;
; Lieutenant F. M. Chapin, N. G. N. V.,
| second aide-de-camp. Department of
i Connecticut on Exchange street, In two
columns, eight flies front, at half dis
tance. Department of Massachusetts
on Washington and Carroll streets, in
two columns, eight fiiesfront, at half dis
"Fifth division—Major J. H. Ball, N. 0
N. T„ first aide-de-camp: Captain G. R.
Wilson, N. G. N. V., second aide-de
camp; Lieutenant P. H. Brink
|N. G. N. V., third aide-de
camp. Departments of New Jersey.
Maine, California, Ne-vada, Rhode Island,
New Hampshire, Vermont. Potomac,
Virginia, North Carolina, Maryland and
Nebraska in the order named on the
Upper Terrace, north of the New York
Central tracks, in two columns, eight
tiles front, at half distance.
"Sixth division—Captain E. A, Smith,
iN. G. N. V.. first aide-de-camp; Lieu
' tenant T .B. Sheldon, N. G. N. V., second
! aide-de-camp. Departments of Mich-
I igan, lowa and Indiana, in the order
' named,on Washington and Swan streets,
lin two columns, eight files front, at half
"Seventh division—Major F. E. Wood,
N. G. N. V., first aide-de-camp; Captain
H. R. Clark. N. G. N. V., second aide-de
. camp; Lieutenant J. H. Farquharson.
N. G. N. V., third aide-de-camp. De
partments of Colorado, Wyoming. Kan
sas, Delaware, Minnesota, Missouri,
Oregon, Kentucky, West Virginia, South
Dakota. Washington, Alaska, Arkansas,
New Mexico, Utah, Idaho. Arizona.
Georgia, Alabama. North Dakota, Okla
homa and Indian Territory, in the order
named, on Lower Terrace after It is va
| cated by the third division, In two col
umns, eight files rront, at half distance.
"Eighth division—Major P. M. Ransom,
N. G. N. V., first aide-de-camp; Major
G. J. Metzger, N. G .N. V., second aide
de-camp. Department of New York
(first half of department) on Franklin
and Upper Terrace, after terrace is va
cated by fifth division, in two columns,
eight files front, at half distance.
"Ninth Division—Maj. W. T. Parsons,
N. G, N. V.. first aide-de-camp; Capt. J.
A. Jackson. N. G. N. V., second-alde-dc
camp. Department of New York (sec
ond half of department,) on Pearl street,
In two columns, eight files front, at half
"Sixth —The Department of New York
will form the left of the column.
"Seventh The greatest care will be
exercised by department and post com
manders and aides-de-camp, that the
progress of. the column is not checked
after passing the reviewing stand, and
upon the slightest indication of any ob
struction the command in rear of the
point where the difficulty occurs will be
at once moved out of the column into the
nearest cross-street. Comrades will not
attempt to return along the line of
march after disbanding.
' "Eighth—Under the regulations of the
national encampment no organizations
other than departments, posts, and staff
corps nf the Grand Army of-the Repub
lic will be permitted in the column.
The police, bands, drum corps, alde's-de
camp and other persons necessary for
the organization of the parade do not
come within this restriction.
"Ninth —Temporary headquarters of
the parade will be located at the corner
of Main and the Terrace at 9 a. m. Time
mentioned is understood to be 'eastern
lime,' which is one hour faster than
'western time.' All commanders will
govern themselves accordingly.
"Tenth —The duties of aides-de-camr
are to conduct the commands to which
they are assigned by the most direct
route from their quarters to the place of
rendezvous, and throughout the parade
to give such information and render
such assistance as may be required of
them. They will notify the department
commanders of the time fixed for start
ing. No aide-de-camp will give ordeTB —
his duties are advisory. The responsi
bility of being in place and ready to
march at the time fixed rests witih each
department commander.
"Eleventh — Any department not
ready to march at the time fixed
will forflelt Its place in column, and
will be assigned to a place farther to the
rear, but in advance of the department
of New York.
"J. K. THOMPSON, U. S. A.,
"Chief of Staff."
The vanguard of the Grand Army pro
cession will be led by that doughty war
rior, General James S. Clarkson, com
mander-in-chief of the Grand Army of
the Republic, who, with his staff, will
reach Buffalo at 8 a. m., Monday. August
23. Soon after his arrival special trains
containing 10.000 residents of Pennsyl
vania will pull into Buffalo. All of these
will be soldiers, veterans, and militia
men, and they will be accompanied,
many of them, by their families and
friends, so that Pennsylvania's total
contribution is likely to foot up 25,000.
With the exception of the state of
New York, Pennsylvania will un doubt
edly be first in point of number, althougb
Illinois, lowa, Ohio and Indiana will
be very well represented indeed. The
comimttee on entertainment has re
ceived 42.751 offers of lodgings and 14,780
people have been assigned quarters. The
camp, which Is always a distinguishing
feature of the national gathering, has
been named Camp Jewett. The tents
which have been already erected num
ber fourteen hundred odd. New York,
Philadelphia and St. Louis have fur
nished them. Here will be the headquar
ters 1 of the encampment.
One of the most interesting features of
the encampment will be what is called
the living shield, compose-d entirely of
children, five thousand of them. This
shield will be erected over Chippewa
street, running 90 feet from the west line
of Delaware avenue. The parade takes
place Wednesday, August 25, as stated,
but the parade of ex-union prisoners of
war will take place Tuesday morning.
The civic societies parade to be held
during the encampment will assuredly
be a notable feature, and there is any
amount of rivalry among the civic soci
eties of Buffalo as to which will present
the best appearance, both In point of
numbers and in method of marching.
There have been no exceptions in the
general Invitation issued, and the result
will be an exceedingly odd collection of
gorgeously uniformed men and men with
no uniforms at all.
The ladies are to be well represented,
for what national encampment of the
Grand Army would be complete without
the Ladies' Relief corps? Besidesthe.se
there are the Ladies of the G. A. R.,
which If not exactly a sister organiza
tion of the first mentioned, can at least
boast of a cousinly connection. Both
have frankly agreed to disagree and
that pleasantly, so there Is no possible
opportunity for ill feeling. Mrs. Agnes
Hitt and her staff, of the Woman's Relief
corps, and Mrs. Hirst, president of the
Ladies' G. A. R. and her staff, have ail
secured excellent quarters. The latter
will hold their meetings in the Y. M. C. A.
building, while the former will gather
at the Buffalo Relief corps quarters.
Besides the organizations of the ladies
named, there will be present the Army
Nurses' association, the Daughters of
Veterans, the Ladies' Association of the
ex-Prisoners of the Wiar, the Woman's
Christian association and the Loyal
Home workers. A woman of exceeding
interest who is to Join this national
gathering is Mrs. Annie Wittenmeyer,
known of all soldiers as the head of the
I Diet Kitchen movement during the war.
I Last but not least on the list of associa
j tions is the Ladies' Association of Naval
Veterans. Most people do not believe
! that women have any right to call them
| selves so, but the members of this asso
| ciatlon have, and of all the societies kin
dred to the Csrand Army, none are worthy
of more consideration.
With her hand on her husband's arm,
with the pleasant smile she has for every
one, the corps of ladies at the encamp
ment will be headed by the first lady of
the land, Mrs. William McKinley. This
will be the first national encampment
from which Mrs. John A. Logan has
been absent, but the presence of Mrs.
McKinley will tend to assauge the sor
row among the veterans at her non-ap
pearance. With Mrs. McKinley will be
Mrs. Garrett A. Hobart, who Is to ac
company the vice-president to the en
campment. These two, with Mrs. Sec
retary Alger and Mrs. Governor Black,
will receive the public at the reception
which is to occur at the Buffalo Music
By the way, this in many respects will
be the most notable reception in point
of those who are in attendance which has
taken place at any Grand Army encamp
ment during the last decade. General
Alger will not be the only ex-grand com
mander present, for it is hoped that that
old time favorite whom the veterans
know as "Bill" Warner, some others as
Congressman Warner, still others as
Major Warner, and all of them as War
ner, that jolly good fellow, will be pres
ent. Here is one of the rarest characters
in the Grand Army. A shrewd lawyer,
a patriotic soldier and a keen judge of
human nature, and withal a Republican,
Major Warnercanied election after elec
tion in the Fifth Missouri Congressional
district, which is a hotbed of Democ
racy. It was said that he could talk re
ligion and play poker the best of any man
who ever lived in Missouri, and that is
saying much. This? year the major is
coming all the way from Kansas City,
and no one, not even the president him
self, will receive a warmer welcome, for
none were more popular as commander
in-chief than he.
There will be nothing too good in Buf
falo for a Grand Army man for the week
beginning August 22. It will indeed be
a time of joy for every stranger that is
within these gates.

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