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The Herald The Herald Publishing Company WILLIAM A. SPALDINd. President and General Manager. EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT: 221 East Fourth street. Telephone. 136. BUSINESS OFFICE: Bradbury building. 222 West Third street. Telephone. 247. ' RATES - OF "SUBSCRIPTION Daily, by carrier, per month $ 73 Daily, by mall, one year 0 00 Daily, by mail, six months 4 30 Daily, by mail, three months 2 23 Sunday Herald, by mail, one year 2 00 Weekly Herald, by mail, one year 1 00 POSTAGE RATES ON THE HERALD 48 pages 4 cents 32 pages 2 cents 26 pages 3 cents 2* pages 2 cents tt pages 2 cents 16 pages 2 cents 12 pages 1 cent EASTERN AGENTS FOR THE HERALD A. Frank Richardson. Tribune building. New York: Chamber of Commerce build ing, Chicago. DOS ANGELES DAILY HERALD SWORN STATEMENT CIRCULATION State of California. County of Los Ange les.—ss. L. M. Holt, superintendent of circulation of the Los Angeles Daily Herald, being first duly sworn, deposes and says: That for the five months from February 1. 1597, to June 30, 1597 (inclusive), the total circu lation of the said Daily Herald was 1,290,635 copies, being an averu«e dully circula tion of S«O4. That the week-day circulation during the above time was 1.071.567. being n dnlly STrrnui' of S.tllt; copieH. That the Sunday circulation during the above time was 219.039, being an nverago for each Sunday of 10,431. L. M. HOLT. Superintendent of Circulation. Subscribed and sworn to before me this 19th day of July. 1597. FRANK J. COOPER. Notary Public in anel for the County of Los Angeles, State of California. THURSDAY, OCTOBER 7. 181(7. JUGGLING WITH JUSTICE Immediately following the preliminary examination of Dewitt F. Crandall charged with the murder of Jack Bow man, which was held in Justice Guidln ger's court at Santa Monica yesterday, there was an episode, designed to defeat the ends of justice, which ought to call forth the strongest reprobation from all decent people. If the bar of Los An geles has proper respect for itself lt will make an example of the attorneys who engineered and accomplished the sharp practice, and the Justice of the peace who lent himself to the miserable sc-he-me ought to be impeached. It will be remembered that the mar Crandall, who figured as a "mac" In Los Angeles until he was driven out by the police, had been living with and subsist ing on the shameful earnings of a woman named May Frclis. This woman was present when the murder was commit ted, and was, accordingly, the state's most important witness. Before Cran dall's preliminary examination it be came evident that an effort was being made to have the prisoner married to the girl Froiis, so as to prevent her from giv ■ ing testimony against him. Under the law a wife cannot testify against her husband. This scheme the authorities refused to accede to, knowing that it was designed solely to forestall the ends of Justice. During the investigation the effort was renewed, but the sheriff, acting under the advice of the district attorney's of fice-, positively forbade the marriage to take place. Meanwhile, however, th glrl had slipped up to Los Argele-sand had procured a license, with which she was fortified on her return to Santa Monica. After the conclusion of the investiga tion, Crandall having been heir", without bond, the prisoner's attorneys, evidently by a prearranged plan, managed to en gage the under sheriff and the deputy district attorney in conversation in dif ferent portions of the court room. The girl was be-side the prisoner with her licens? in hand, and by a strange coinci dence- Justice Wells of Santa Monica was there also. Quicker than the pro verbial Jack Robinson, Justice Wells united the couple in the so-called holy bonds of matrimony. That a justice of ♦he peace, elected to conserve the public welfare and sworn to uphold the laws, should invade the court room of another Judicial officer, override the wishes of the district attorney's office and lend himself to a contemptible trick to defe-at the ends of Justice, almost surpasses be lief. ■ It is on-;- of th* most dastard ly oul - rages ever perpetrated In the name of the law. As aoon a» the short shrift ceremony had be*=n completed the two cute attor neys stepped up and signed their names as witnesses to the ceremony. The at torneys who did this areShinn and Conk ling of this city. It ls sharp practice of this sort—setting the machinery of the law to defeat the end* of Justice—'that is bringing out courts into contempt with right-think ing people. It Is such episodes as this which too often prove successful in turn ing red-handed murderers and criminals of the worst sort loose upon a defenseless community that is justifying ar.d pro moting the idea of Lynch law as the-only law that can be promptly and surely en forced. Such contemptible and vicious prac tices should be severely rebuked, and their perpetrators visited with exem plary punishment. If there are no laws by which such illegitimate schemes to exculpate criminals can be reached, then laws should be adopted to reach them One thing is certain: Law cannot long be maintained when it is subject to such wretched perversions that it falls into universal contempt. The question with the American people is: Shall we hay. law, or shall we have anarchy? The practice of shyster lawyers is making rapidly towards anarchy. DRIVING OUT THE BLACK SHEEP The Scientific American (October 2) mentions the disbarment of a firm of patent lawyers of Washington, D. C, as the result of investigations by the com missioner of patents. The decision ha:, been approved by Commissioner Butter worth, and now awaits the action of the secretary of the interior. In view of the extensive and devious means resorted to by the disbarred firm to obtain prac tice, and of the fact that almost the whole brotherhood of Inventors throughout the country has been more or le-ss victimize ! by their practices, the decision in ques tion becomes of interest to the general public. That the disbarred firm reaped a golden harvest goes- without saying The following sentence from the commis sioner's decision is sufficiently indica tive of that as well as of the moral qual ity of the act by which it was attained Out of thirty-three thousand inven- tions on which searches were made by the respondents in two years, over twenty thousand were • * reinven- tions of what was already old. The modus operandi of this species of nimble-witted gentry consisted of ex tensive advertising and direct personal correspondence. These men were op timists of the most pronounced type wherever a pate-nt for an invention was desired to be obtained. They promised to obtain patents almost ad libitum and as a matter of course, but the promise was always spice-d with a request for a precedent fee. They knew all the se crets of the patent office. They "Wanted an Idea" only of a new invention, rosily insinuating that it would mature in their hands into a perfected machine. At any rate, their correspondence was requested to forward the "idea" to their address at Washington. Their scheme embraced the systematic publication, to use th commissioner's words, of "that half truth that is in its effect worse tfTan a falsehood." Nearly everybody has. at some time, received letters from this Washington firm of patent lawyers, giving instruc tions as to "How to Qeta Patent." and suggesting how delightfully easy it wa fer that particular firm to obtain the d sired letters. To impress their corres pondents with the proportions- of the aching void existing in the patent offic these enterprising gentlemen headline-; their pamphlets with the alluring words "One Thousand Inventions Wanted!" The public were specially advised, too, of the value of simple inventions. In their pamphlet, "Prizes on Patents," they state: It is not the great, complex and ex pensive inventions that bring the best results to their authors, but the little, simple and cheap ones. Referring to this suggestio-falsl ar gument, this tempting statement of "half truth." the commissioner's lan guage is worthy of r.ote: It is true that some small inventions. which have required little thought and little knowledge of the prior art on the part of the Inventor, have proved of value. It is equally true, no doubt, that ln lotteries some one for a trilling out lay has won a large prize. Yet the ef- feet of lotteries is reeognizf-el as des moralislng to a degree. To endeavor to impress upon tbe public the idea that any one, without experience in the art, without knowledge of what is claimed in the art, without study and thought and experiment, can evolve inventions of value, is as demoralizing as the idea so strenuously inslsteel on by lottery agents that any one who buys a ticket may win the great prize. An examination of their papers and correspondence disclosed the astute but nefarious tactics by- which these men built up a lucrative practice. Many of their victims were Inexperienced and credulous country people, to mislead whom, the commissioner rightly says was grossly deceptive and demoralizing One of their scheme* of deception is re ferred to in the decision: When the supposed Inventor failed to reply promptly (to their first letter) the respondents have in many in stances, as shown by the evidence and admitted In the stipulation signed by counsel, sent him an undated circular offering to advise him free of charge as to patentability and salabillty of any device he might have. Those who took advantage of this apparently lib eral offer, received in reply a letter containing information which, in so far as it was not positively false and mis leading, was such advice as could very LOS ANGELES HERALD: THURSDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 7, 1897 well have been given for nothing, for it was worth nothing. In fact, the whole case discovers a line of conduct on the part of this firm of so-called lawyers deserving a much greater punishment than disbarment. We use the phrase "so-called" advisedly. No man worthy membership in the learned and honorable profession of the law would degrade himself and it by re sort to disreputable schemes to secun practice. The ethics of the legal pro fession makes no exception in the appli cation of the rules of professional con duct It defines. Any attempted evasion, of those rules, however adroit or cun ningly devised, should, as a measure of professional self-defense, be promptly met by procedure of disbarment—by driving the black sheep from the flock. CARRYING THE WAR INTO WALL STREET The allie-r] goldbugs of Greater New : York must have come to the conclusion yesterday morning, after reading the account of the Henry George ratifica tion meeting, that silver is not dead, af ter all. That is, if they read a fair ac count of the meeting. It Is not often tlx case that a silver meeting gets fair treatment from the New York press, as a whole. The Associated Press, which is non partisan, and which cannot in any event be accused of partiality for silver, said that the Henry George Cooper Union meeting was "the greatest outpouring of the people seen, in this city during the present campaign." In less than two minutes from the time the doors were opened every seat in the big hall was oc cupied. Hundreds were turned away. Several thousand disappointed ones held open air meetings. The platform, as well as the nomina tion, was ratified This paper has al ready commented upon that platform. It was constructed for the common peo ple to stand on and was written by Mr. George. The Democratic nominee was careful to draw the lines. He said: "Fellow Democrats, men who voted fot William Jennings Bryan, I accept your nomination." The free silver idea was made pre-eminent. Mr. George spoke only thirty-five minutes. That one thing alone ought to be worth five thousand vote-s to him. Xo doubt the splendid George meet ing will cause the allied goldbugs, col lectively, factionally and individually, to try to overcome the effect of that meeting by trying to outdo it. Big halls will be hired and filleti The platforms will be occupied by "prominent citizens" whose business address is Wall street or its contributory territory, and whose names will be set forth in large black type in the goldbug newspapers as the conservators of the city's political and social fortunes. Senators and money kings will harangue the assembled mul tutudei; yet with, al! their efforts, the allied goldbugs cannot exceed in num bers or enthusiasm the spontaneous tribute of the meeting to ratify the nomination of H;nry George. Mr. George may not be elected—the time has hardly arrived when a silver man can be elected mayor of New York city—but when the election is held the goldbug nominees will know they have had a tight. It looks now as if Mi- George would poll a larger vote than he did eleven years ago. when 68,000 ballots were cast for him. Silver is strongly entrenched in the chosen camp of the enemy. WHY DOES HE DO IT? The San Jose Mercury- prints- every Sunday a lengthy signed article from the pen of its proprietor, Mr. Charles M. Shortridge, late of the San Francisco Call, The writer thereof explains that he signs his name for the reason thai he is not a coward and because he docs not like to stab anybody or anything in the back He ought to have as much consideration for his own self. It takes one who is either a brave man or a fool to sign such an article as that ap pearing in last Sunday's Mercury. In one chapter of that article, a trifle less than half a column long, Mr. Short ridge uses the first personal pronoun no less than forty-one times; he out grovers- Cleveland in his fondness for ;hat style of writing. And what does he write for? Let him say for himself: I write articles for newspapers be cause I want to do good—l want to ac complish something. I want to think thoughts and have other people think the same thoughts. I want to demon- strate, if 1 can, that I do think. Mr. Shortridge also lets his readers Into his confidence to the further extent - f saying that he knows how to secure talent, and how to treat it justly. If this is strictly true he ought to have consideration enough for the talent to let it do the writing for the paper. What Mr. Shortridge himself writes is the worst sort of drivel. SAN PEDRO AS A NAVAL STATION At the time the news was received from Washington that the naval bnard had recommended the construction at San Pedro harbor of a great floating dry dock, it was pointed out by this paper that the carrying out of the pro ject meant that San Pedro would ulti mately become an Important naval station. This view is now borne out by the published report of the board. It is pointed out that wherever there are docks, repair shops must be established. Port Royal was a place of no Import ance three years ago, but is now fast be coming an Important naval station. There is great significance in the re marks of the board in which the import ance of establishing a naval station at San Pedro is outlined. The report says: We are. from a naval point of view, weak in comparison with the great na val powers of Europe, and the naval strength of Japan is growing so rapidly that within a year or two she will also overmatch us in available strength in the Pacific. Every effort is then neces i sary on our part to at least retain com mand of the sea on our own coast and to supplement our naval strength by providing accessible places for repair and docking and by fortilications so located that when our squadrons are pressed by a superior force they may use them as supports ln holding the ap- proaches to our coast. It is clear that an enemy from abroad who is obliged to draw all his supplies from his home stations, is greatly cir cumscribed in his movements and lim ited in his power to injure. If such an enemy meets upon arrival on our coast even a much weaker force held com pactly in hand with supply and repair Afacllltles near, the advantage is still with the United States. This is true with respect to Japan, but it should not be forgotten that Great Britain has a splendidly equipped naval station at Vancouver that would make her base of supplies very near in case of war. It really looks as if we were going to have a dry dock at San Fedro In addi tion to a harbor of refuge. It looks, too, as if Secretary Alger may be placing the country in possible Jeopardy by de laying the harbor bids. There is r.o probability at present that we shall have a war with any foreign power, lf we should it is not pleasant to think that our coast may be placed in addi tional peril through the unwarranted delay caused by the secretary of war. YOURS FOR HEALTH Los Angeles is emphatically, and al ways, "Yours For Health." The report of the health officer for September shows that there were only SS deaths in the city last month, which Is 8.54 per 1000. It is doubtful if there is another city in the country, or in the world, for that matter, showing a September death rate as small or smaller. Analysis of the list of deaths tends to emphasize thp healthfulness of the cli mate of Southern California and the im proved sanitary" conditions prevailing in the city of Los Angeles. Of the 88 deaths 18 were from pulmonary consumption and only two of the 18 decedents were natives of California or the Pacific coast. Thirteen had lived here less than ten years, and seven had lived here less than, thirty days. This latter figure show- how great a proportion of people who come here suffering from pulmonary dis eases delay their coming until it is too late. Of the thirty-two cases of contagious diseases reported, only four resulted in death. Over against the total 88 deaths may be set a total of 125 births. The an nual death rate for the city of Los An geles Is now down to 10.23 per 1000. Then is reason to believe that It may be made to go still lower. D. C. Peck, ln a communication to the New York Times, takes Issue with the assertion made by Carroll D. Wright in a recent magazine article that tbe poor are growing richer. Mr. Peck de clares that they are not, and presents statistics In support of his contention. Whichever Is right, it is certain that there is something radically wrong about our financial ar.d industrial sys tems that is working havoc to all except the creditor classes. The Express tells of a contractor who is constructing a large business block on Broadway, and who is not obstructing the sidewalk and street with lumber, mortar and other material, but our con temporary- fails to give his name. That is rank injustice. The contractor is en titled to a monument, medal, diploma, vote of thanks, anything he may wish, for he Is unique and unapproachable, the only one of his kind on earth. It Is an agreeable surprise to learn that the advent of the ' Liberal party was well received throughout Spain, es pecially as it was coupled with the an nouncement of a far more liberal policy toward Cuba. It ls possible that the attitude of the Spanish masses has been misrepresented. Tbe fruitgrowers ar.d merchants of Southern California will be pound fool ish if they do not go after the trade of Germany on a large scale and in real earnest. The Hamburg exhibit made a splendid impression and the time to act is while that Impression is fresh in the minds of the German people. Denver Is agitating the auditorium question again. It Is in precisely ihc same fix that Los Angeles is, lacking a large convention hall. By the way. what has become of the several commit tees that were to take the local auditor ium matter in hand? C. A. Towne, the free silver champion, is making an extended tour through lowa and Ohio, speaking at the principa' cities. He does not expect to complete his campaign before November 10th. If the performance equals present promises the orange crop that Southern California will market this coming sen son would fill a car 100 feet high, 100 feet wide and 720 feet long. Chicago is suffering from an October hot spell and from dense smoke caused by prairie and timber fires. There Is always something the matter with Chi cago weather. Plots are on tap in all the Central American states. It must be a great place for novelists, playwrights and de tectives. It was the refinement of cruelty to recall Weyler just after a $2,000,000 cam paign fund haii been sent to Cuba. MAKING HOME THE SWEETER It isn't Just the roaming round That makes our outings dear; Vacation adds a "sweet" to home The balance of tbe year. The mountains, brooks, and trees and rocks Are taken In with zest, But somehow landscapes don't replace The old familiar nest. —Boston Transcript. REAL ESTATE Weekly Review of the Local Markets INVESTORS SOMEWHAT SHY, ■ [BUT DEI.IAND FOR RESIDENCE PROPERTY CONTINUES The Question of Landlord and Tenant. Overbuilding of Business Blocks. Another Spring St. Petition The general aspect of business con tinues to be not only satisfactory, but promises well for the future. In real es tate the activity in building continues. Dealers report very few transactions, but say that the volume of inquiry has increased rather than diminished. Sev eral prominent agents say that the de mand for residence property is more lively than it has been for a long time, and they state also that buyers of in vestment property are a little shy, ap parently with the expectation of being able to purchase to better advantage in a little while. Judging, however, by the stiffness exhibited on the part of owners of desirable business property, the ten dency will, more likely, be in an upward direction. The fact Is tbat In the most desirable part of the business locations there are no "snaps" to be had and in consequence the buyer of equities finds his occupation gone. ♦ ♦ + The tables Riven in the Investor col umn of this paper on the 3d inst. show that the transfers for the past month amounted to J752.597 as against $719,824 for the month of August. While these figures demonstrate a considerable fall ing off from the same months of prior years, yet it is believed that they repre sent but a small amount of speculative buying and may, therefore, be taken as a fair index of sugstantial prosperity. In part confirmation with this idea it may be noted that the September build ing permits numbered 186 amounting to $227,677, as against 162 permits amount ing to $185,853 for September, 1896. No better evidence could be given of the fact that the buying now being done is for purposes of actual investment rather than with ths idea of speculation. <♦>.♦♦ In regard to the extensive building op erations that are being carried on in the business part of town a leading archi tect, noted for his conservative- ten dencies, expresses the opinion that In this lint- of improvement enough and per haps more than enough has been done to Justify any expectation of an ade quate return upon the outlay Involved. It is a matter of common observation that the new business builc'ilngs. as fast as they have been finished, have been largely filled up by tenants recruited from older and less desirable blocks. In a word, the Influx of new tenants is not sufficient to justify the amount of building that is now going on. and more of which ls In prospect. Without any desire to cast a wet blan ket upon any projected enterprise we think it advisable to call the attention of property owners to the existing con ditions. Those who can afford to build for the future market are safe enough., but if the ranks of tenants are to be 1 made up simply from those who are al ready doing business here, there can be no gain in the general prosperity, but rather the reverse. Tenants of business property are very naturally desirous of obtaining a reduction in their rents, and the methods which some of them indulge in in order to attain this desirable re sult are worth notice, and perhaps ac count to some extent for a few of the buildings now going up. As the archi tect above quoted said: "Tenants are getting sharp and they are working the landlords for ail that is out. A favorite plan is for a merchant to go to an archi tect and tell him that if he can induce an owner to put up a building In a cer tain location he would likely become a tenant. The architect thereupon goes to the owner and tells him that if he will put up a certain class of building he can get him certain tenants. In one case alone I know of a firm paying over $500 a month rent which has had at one time five different property owners on the string, each one thinking that he was the only one approached-, and all of them willing to build with the expectation of capturing such a desirable tenant." There are two sides to every story, and while within certain narrow limits store keepers are paying what they deem to be excessive rentals, yet it must be re membered that the store keepers them selves make these rentals through their competition with one another. Upon the completion of the buildings now in progress, not to mention those which are In contemplation, there will no doubt be a scaling down of rents among those w ho are now paying in excess. ♦ ♦ ♦ The street paving question is still an unsolved problem, but there seems to lie every probability, now that the scheme of putting a needless sewer along Spring street has been denied, that the resur facing will be- accomplished. A number of property owners have sign:d a peti tion for such resurfacing to be done pro viding the cost does not exceed 9 cents per square foc;t. This Is equal to $1.62 per front foot without counting the ex tras for expenses and intersections, which would certainly keep the expenses somewhere in the neighborhood of, say, $1.75 per running fool. As has been pointed out befc-re in this column, the most economical plan that the property owners can possibly adopt is to do this resurfacing at once. It has been wrong ly assumed that the city has paid for keeping the asphalted streets in repair since they were' laid. The fact is that the contractors on Main and Sprlnvj streets gave bends at the time of ob taining the work to keep those streets in repair for a period, of five years, and the repairs were faithfully kept up for the full period of five years after the laying of the pavements and without any expense to the city or to the prop erty owners. At the expiration, of the guaranteed period only, the city has mimed the charge of the strcetr-and for a time kept thtm ir.' repair; then the work was neglected and small holes were allow ed to become large holes, and ln many cases the foundation has been : injured. If the- city officials had attend- It's a Branch | I Clothing: i Of a Big Tree I Co Tj That Hat Department in our "Clothing Corner." It's a good tree which sustains it. We like Hats. We know we have the biggest and best line on the street. Our Hats at $$, $4, $h $2 and any other price are ALL RIGHT. One grade you have heard we mention again—don't forget our own special Men's $ 1.90 Hat 101-103 North Spring St. 201-203-205-207-209 West First St.' LKAD IN QUALITY AND QUANTITY This Afternoon We will do our best to entertain you from 2 to 9 p- m. No Goods Sold ■ During These Hours Telephone Main 26. 216-218 South Spring Street "Where Summer Holds Full Sway" ....Santa Catalina Island.... Three nnd one-half hours from Los Angeles Cal. A summer and winter resort without a eousj terpart on the American continent. Grandest mountain stage road in the west, famous fish Ing and hunting grounds. Wild goat and doves in thousands. Olass bottom boat, revealing the wonders of ocean's depths. Hotel Mctronole—Remodeled nnd enlarged Open all the yenr. Round trip service dally, except Sunday, leaving So. Pacific and Terminal Depots, Los Angeles, lor San Pedro at 9:00 ana BjS&fl_iiurespectively, BANNING CO.. Agents, 222 South Spring St., Los Angeles, Cal. Consumption Cured... "Treatise on Consumption" bent free to any address ium DR. W. HARRISON BALLARD, «08 stimpson BLOCK. Corner sprint »ud lulrdiUMU. Loi Angelas. Ed to the repairs with the same care as was exercised by the contractors d.ur- , ing the first five years of the life of the I pavement it need never have got into the condition mi which it now is. The prov erb says that "a stitch in time saves I nine," and it is equally applicable to the I asphalt street where a small patch in time will save a mine. I ♦ ♦ ♦ Around the Arcade depot there is con siderable activity in laying a new as phalt pavement; two entirely new cross ings are also being put in ot Central av enue and Fifth street and San Pedro and Fifth streets and the LO9 Angeles Hail way company is laying another new track of heavy rails from San Pedro street to Central avenue. French and Reed have the contract for the roadbed and concrete foundation and Fairchild and Gilmore for the asphalt surfacing The work is being pushed and the tem porary Inconvenience to traffic will soon be overcome. ♦ ♦ ♦ A Chicago paper of late date gives the annexed information on the dullness of real estate there, and about the "mar gin" system of buying which prevailed in that city for years, which produced great real estate inflation, and which re sulted there, as it inevitably must result everyw here, in producing great succeed ing depression: "The principal movement in the mar ket is the sale of equities. Everyon? who has anything which 19 encumbered is hunting for some one who will take the property off his hands, and pay off the encumbrance, no matter how much of a sacrifice is necessary to effect such transfer. It is natural anxiety, devel oped by distrust, which is inevitable so long as things are so mixed in the coun try. Hard times are in this way proving a blessing to Chicago. In prosperous days men thought nothing of assuming 75 per cent of their purchases, relyir;; upon a continuance of flush times to-en able them to meet their obligations. This thins prevailed to an insane extent in Chicago for years, and these very acts, based upon a universal prosperity, were all the time destroying this pros perity, and undermining all correct methods of dealing. It was inevitable that operations would sooner or later be "brought up standing" with a shock j so sudden and violent as to unsettle the market an! create a timidity of capital which would, seriously check sales and remove the foundations on which theiv airy castles were created. ♦ ♦ ♦ How to Get a True Valuation of Real Estate.— "Many—we might say the ma ' jorlty—of real estate owners value the. real estate they own, even when theyj wish to sell, at 25 to 50 per cent above its] true value-. To get a true valuation r.f property, an owner has only to at* him- CSlf i "If I was not a -seller, but a buyer, how much would I be willing to pay for this property?" In other words, if the seller puts himse-lf in the other man's — that is, the buyer's—place, and strikes a medium between his, the seller's, effort to sell at too high a price, and the buyer's to buy at too low a price, he will arrive at a point near the truth." ♦ ♦ ♦ The large use of brick In building la recommended by the Santa Fe Real Es tate Circular as being for the- benefit of property owners in that city, and th?ad vice may have some application here. The Circular says: In face of the fact that brick residences cost but a third more than wood ar.d business buildings but a quarte-r more, it is a wonder that more brick is not used in this city.T'imtJ ls proving the use of brick In building. Wooden houses that are ten years old will not rent when tenants can get new ones for the same price-. It has been urged that San Francisco is overbuilt, because of the large number of vacant houses here. The vacant houses, how ever, are chiefly old ones, and the-reason new houses and flats are continually be ing built is not to accommodate an in creasing population so much as to entice tenants from old houses to new. Mortgages There were twe-nty-eme mortgages-and trust deeds filed on thesth Inst., amount ing to $16,166. The following list gives the particular* of all mortgages filed on the above date-, which amounted to $1000 and over. Edith M. Sutton et al. to Southern California Loan Association—Lot 12, Juanlta tract, ten years, 9 per cent, $1600. Arthur T. Blaln et al. to H. D. Everest I—Lots1 —Lots 14 and 15, Logan tract, 5 years, 11 per cent, $1300. Maude F. Walker to San Gabriel Val ley bank —Lot 10, A. C. Macomber tract, three years, 10 per cent, $2500. Same to Adams-Phillips Co.—Sams. Payable In installments, 11 per cent, $1207.98. Sherman A. Siddall to Henrietta Haa s.iberger—Lots 5 and 6, Stephenson'* subdivision, two years, 10 per ce-nt, $1000. Philip Eichholz and Emma Elcholz to Emma Kaiser—Lot 15, and part of lots 16 and 17, block 1, Wolfskin Orchard tract, five years, 11 per cent. $3000. J. J. Osmer et al. to Julia P. Brown- Lot 10. block J., Menlo Park tract, sub division No. 2. $530 at 8 per cent, $1200, three years, at 11 per cent, $1750. t The Woodmen's War FULTON. 111., Oct. 6.—Among the bl!!§ of indictment returned by the Grand Jury of Whitside county was one against Judge Johnson, head- attorney for the Modern Woodmen of America, on the charge of riot. Johnson was the man ac cused of having organized a party in Rock Island August 13th, which came near securing the head office of the Mod ern Woodmen of America. Telephones Didn't Pay VISALIA, Cal., Oct. 6.—The Mount Whitney Telephone company, with 200 miles of wires connecting Visalia, Tu lare, Porterville and Bakersfleld, has filed a petition In insolvency. j Wall paper, late styles, low prices, at jA. A. Eckstrom's, 324 jSouth Spring atrstt.