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The Herald The Herald Publishing Company WILLIAM A. SPALDINO. President and General Manager. EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT: 221 East Fourth street. Telephone. 156. BUSINESS OFFICE: Bradbury building, 222 West Third street. Telephone, 247. RATES - OF - SUBSCRIPTION Daily, by carrier, per month S 76 Daily, by mail, one year 9 00 Daily, by mail, six months 4 50 Daily, by mall, three months 2 25 Sunday Herald, by mall, one year 2 00 Weekiy Herald, by mail, one year 1 00 POSTAGE RATES ON THE HERALD 48 pages 4 cents 32 pages 2 cents 86 pages 3 cents 28 pages 2 cents 14 pages 2 cents 16 pages 2 cents 12 pages 1 cent EASTERN AGENTS FOR THE HERALD A. Frank Richardson. Tribune building. New York: Chamber of Commerce build ing, Chicago. LOS ANGELES DAILY HERALD SWORN STATEMENT CIRCULATION State of California. County of Los Ange les.—ss. L. M. Holt, superintendent of circulation of the Los Angeles Daily Herald, being first duly sworn, deposes and says: That for the five months from February 1, 1597, to June 30. ISS7 (inclusive), the total circu lation of the said Daliy Herald was 1,290,638 ooples, being an nversge daily circula tion of S(IU4. That the week-day circulation during the above time was 1.071.5157, being a daily average of s.ioi; conic*. That the Sunday circulation during the above time was 219,059. being aa average tor each Sunday of 10,4: it. L. M. HOLT, Superintendent of Circulation. Subscribed and sworn to before me this 19th day of July. 1897. FRANK J. COOPER. Notary Public in and for the County of Log Angeles, State of California. MONDAY. OCTOBER IS. 1897. A GREAT JOURNALIST GONE Charles A. Dana, editor of the New Tork Sun, died yesterday at his country place, Dosoris. on West island, near Glen Cove, L. I. Mr. Dana will go down ln history as one of the greatest journalists that the United States has ever produced—the peer of Horace Greeley and Raymond and in many respects the superior of Prentiss and the elder Bennett. Through his long and arduous years of service in the editorial harness Mr. Dana has beer, noted for his aggressiveness and inde pendence, for his great power of concen tration and his incisivenees of style. He never hesitated to step over party lines In espousing a cause and he was always the staunchest of advocates and the most vigorous of opponents Mr. Dana was born in Hillsdale. Ches hire county, N. H., August 8, 1819, and he was therefore 78 years old on his last birthday. In 1831 young Dana was sent to Buffalo, where an uncle lived, and in that city he attended the preparatory schools and fitted himself for Harvard, which he entered in 1839. Two years passed at Cambridge, and then failing eyesight made further col lege work an impossibility and com pelled a rest for a year. Just at this Juncture the "Brook Farm" colony, with its co-operative la bor and philosophical background, at tracted the attention of the young man in his enforoed idleness and appealed strongly to his imagination, for in his younger days Dana was an enthusiastic idealist, and those who knew him best found in the caustic satire of his maturer mind the lofty scorn of one whose own idols are so nearly perfection that he can find naught but contempt for those who bow the knae to baser clay. That many developing naturee had similar yearnings is evidenced by the fact that the colony numbered first and last about 100, and among them were George Ripley and Hawthorne, together with other lesser lights, both men and ■women. The story is told of Dana that so anx ious was he to enter the new communi ty in perfect accord with their views and principles that he cast into the Charles river all his personal effects except the clothing he wore and went afoot to Brook farm to join his co-theo rists. Once established there he brave ly bore his part in the manual work of the farm, and devoted a part at least of the time to philosophic calm and short moral essays, which appeared in The Dial, a journal published by the colonists. But the Brook farm experiment came to an end. Then followed a trip to Eu rope, and with this preparation Charles A. Dana entered the field in which he was to be so conspicuous a figure, when in 1847 he joined Horace Greeley on the New York Tribune. The great question of the day at that time was anti-slavery, and Greeley and Dana were in perfect accord at first: but as years passed by and the anti slavery movement grew more and more insistent and aroused thereby stronger and stronger opponents the younger and more impetuous man, by this time managing editor and one of the pro prietors of the greatest organ the move ment possessed, chafed under the re straint imposed upon him by his chief, and when at last the war broke out his position was almost intolerable. It finally became absolutely so, and on April 1, 1862, Mr. Dana resigned. In June of the same year he was appolnt- Ed a commissioner ln the department ot war. and in this capacity he visited the west to make reports on pay service in that part of the country. On June 1 he was appointed major and assist ant adjutant general, a title he refused to accept and It > which was subse quently w lthdraf.H. } On January 20, 1864, Dana was named assistant secretary of war to Stanton, and his official reports from the field to the office are still held as models of intelligent and diligent work. When the war came to a close Mr. Dana re signed and again returned to Journal ism, this time as editor of the Chicago Republican, which was founded in 1867. , Up to this point in Mr. Dana's career he had always been to some extent sub ordinate to the will of others, and this subordination was precisely what he most of all disliked, but on January 27. 1868, he became the largest shareholder and editor-in-chief of the New York Sun. and from that moment his personality, free to act as he chose, was made evident in every line of his newspaper. THE INCH AND THE ELL The wheel of fortune gamblers, en couraged, by tine opir.ion of the district attorney and the complaisant attitude of Sheriff Burr, brought their parapher nalia to Spring street Saturday night and opened in Fitzgerald's pool room. A large crowd congregated,, mostly of young man, with a scatterir<g of police men. Sheriff Burr was present and the game throve merrily, while the gamblers waxed, fat. "Preacher Frark," temporarily retired from active life on account of the closing of the tape games, presided over the destinies of the board. Tine policemen did not attempt to stop the wheel of fortune swindle because their superiors had" given them tw orders to cio so. Chief of Police Glass gave no orders to that effect because of the dis trict attorney's advice to the sheriff. Sheriff Burr was also "protected." by that same rwtorious opir.ion. If the wheel of fortune may be oper ated at the race track andi Ir. the city pool rooms diuring the racing season, why not in other seasons? Why may rot each cigar stand have its own wheel of fortune? Let us have them on the street corners and In the stairways, if they are such a good, thing. On the other har.d, it would be inter esting to know the grounds on which a "nicke'.-tn-the-slot" machine is called a gambling contrivance while a wheel of fortune is not. Perhaps the erudite and facile mind of the district attorney car. enlighten the public upon this point. The course of the gamblers gives no occasion for surprise. It is human na ture to take acivantake of offeredi oppor tunities and the gamblers are staph •making hay In the sunshine of the dis trict attorney's optoion. Thie chief concern of the people then is not with the gamblers but with the official offenders. A limited) tenure of office is frequently a mighty wise provision.. THERE IS SOMETHING WRONG The more the street sweeping business is Investigated the more evident it be comes that the city is not getting value received for its money. The fact that the contractor has for two years been going through the farce of "sweeping" the streets on rainy nights and that the city has been paying him $2000 per an num more than he should have received, is the latest development, following close upon the heels of an attempt to secure the removal of a clerk in the health of fice because he performed his duties honestly and refused to become a party to cheating the city. Some weeks ago The Hera'.dremarked that there seemed to be more politics than business in the whole matter of street cleaning. The assertion could have been made much stronger and still fall short of the truth, if recent develop ments afford any criterion. These facts seem to be established beyond contro versy: The city pays $20,000 a year for street cleaning. It is not getting value received because the streets are not properly cleaned. While the city can abrogate the pres ent contract, there appears to be a strange unwillingness on the part of the council to take that step On the other hand, a subordinate in the health office who sought to prevent the payment to the contractor of money he had not earned was made the victim of a happily unsuccessful scheme to de prive him of his position. The street cleaning contractor has a mighty "pull," and takes advantage of it to threaten the finance committee of the council because It would not allow his bills as he had presented them. All these things form a very unsatis factory state of affairs from the stand point of the taxpayer and the merchant. It calls for investigation on the part of the city council. Let us have more busi ness and less politics in this matter of street cleaning. The city council will finally decide that it cannot accept the proposition of the Merchants and Manufacturers' associa tion for a trial of the hand sweeping plan on account of the increased ex pense Involved. This is to be regretted. While It is evident that the city cannot increase the sum set apart for street cleaning, recent developments show that honest work, honest inspection and hon est bills will save several thousand Hol lars a year to the city. The saving might be applied with advantage to the hand sweeping plan. The figures submitted by Mr. Toll at Friday's meeting of the board of public works were a bit bewildering. He esti mated that, whereas machine sweeping for the remainder of the year would cos: $5788, hand sweeping for the same period would cost $20,260. Surely Mr. Toll did not mean to say that it would cost $20,000 each quarter of the year to sweep by hand the small diistrict outlined by the LOS ANGELES HERALD: MONDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 18, J897 Merchants and Manufacturers' associa tion? He doubtless meant the who's district that is now nominally swept by machines. It was not proposed to sweep the whole district by hand In the plan, outlined by the Merchants and Manu facturers' association for a trial experi ment. The city is entitled to clean streets enj, ciean sweepers. Let us have them. THE SILVER SITUATION Matthew Marshall, the well known financial writer of the New York Sun, contributes an interesting column to the issue of Oct. 4th under the caption, "The Silver Question, in Europe." Mr. Mar shall advances the proposition that while the politician statesmen of Great Britain are willing to make considera ble concessions to bimetallism, the moneyed and. the banking portion of the British people stand fOT the main tenance of the single gold.standard with a unity and a solidity which make the politician advocates of silver hesitate to dash themselves against it. He declares that there is in France the same willing ness on the part of the legislature and the ministry to talk and resolve, but the same reluctance to act that there is in Great Britain. A similar deadlock is observable in Germany. The reichs rath long ago declared in favor of sil ver and the members of the land-own ing aristocracy in the government earn estly advocate legislation in its behalf, but the bankers, the workingmen and the Socialists are opposed to such legis lation, and are too formidable to per mit it to be attempted. Russia and Aus tria, on the contrary, are committed unequivocally to'the single gold stand ard. Mr. Marshall believes that the re tvpening of the India mints to silver is cut of the question. Therefore, he says, the silverites will be probably compelled to continue their struggle for free coin age on the lines laid down at Chicago last summer. They must contend for the reopening of our mints to silver at the ratio of 16 to 1 without the con currence of any other nation. The Republican- party, whila it de clared for the maintenance of the gold standard, left a loophole for silver by advocating an International bimetallic agreement, which the administration is- now trying to carry into effect. There is every probability that this effort will prove abortive, and It will then remain for the Republican party to declare un conditionally for the single gold, stand ard. The first battle will take place when the new house of representatives is to be chosen and w hen the state legis latures choose a certain number of United States senators. The same view that the Sun writer takes of the situation in this country, and with regard- to- the lines of battle in the next campaign, has been more than once outlined in- these columns. There has never been on the part of in telligent American citizens a belief that "something satisfactory would be done for silver." The fight is to be between the single- gold standard andi bimetal lism The wisdom of the Democratic party in taking a clean-cut advanced position at the Chicago convention- and in since maintaining that ground has been amply justified. DEATH IN A SPARK The deplorable accident in East Los Angeles Saturday afternoon, which re sulted in the d=ath of Mrs. George S. Safford, furnishes another lesson in the danger that lurks In women's attire. Standing by a little bonfire of waste pa per which she had Just started, a spark was communicated to her clothing, and it is believed that the underskirt musl have become thoroughly ignited before the victim became aware of the fact. When the flames did burst forth they were ir such volume as to render escape impossible. The sorrow of the relatlvesand friends over the untimely loss of this most lov able woman is rendered more poignant from the fact that the first cause was so trivial and its discovery a minute or two earlier might have arrested the dis aster. The death of Mrs. Safford plunges a devoted family Into unassuagable grief and casts a shadow of sorrow over a wide circle of friends. The Bos Angeles Capital, which has the responsibility of the universe on its shoulders and which keeps especial watch and ward over the society, pon tics, Indians and railroads of Southern California, says that nor* of the local dailies has had a "dlgnifiedl" editorial upon the subject of resurfacing Spring street. As the Capital is itself silent, it seems to be in the position of the man who sees an opportunity but doesn't know how to take advantage of it. In asmuch as the city council is only wait ing for the Capital to say something and give the word before ordering the work done, the remissness of that paper is all the more open to censure. The Hartford Courant, commenting on the proposed Union Pacific reorganiza tion steal, says that the reorganization syndicate has picked up enough Union Pacific stock to net it $12,000,000 since it became probable that the scheme would succeed, through the rise in the quota tions." That is more than 42 per cent of the entire amount the committee pro poses to pay the government for the road, or nearly 37 per cent, provided the bid is raised, to $33,000,000. This is al most enough to make a trust or a bond syndicate envious. Denver has had its first snow storm of tine season, and (he climate that had been inadvertently left out of doors was badly frostbitten. The New Tork Times calls upon Mr. McKlnley to call home his roving Inter national bimetallic commission, admit that all his efforts for internationalism art a failure, and turn his whole strength toward the establishment of "a sound and stable currency for the Unite.'. States, based upon the gold standard." The Times is making it too hard for the president. Congress might not agree with him as to what constitutes a good currency system for this country. The hot tempered captain at Fort Sheridan, who caused a soldier to be dragged by the feet at the end of a rope a distance of 500 yards, has been brought to book by Secretary Alger, who had. tne case brought to his attention through reading the newspapers. It is now in order for Captain Charles King to write another military novel roasting newspaper men. The Bostonese are now debating whether the falsity of mankind causes us to lose faith in the Bible, or whether the lack of faith in the Bible causes the falsity of mankind. Outsiders will wait until the Boston mayoralty election is decided before taking part in the discus sion. The New York Tribune suggests that an underground railroad be built to the north pole. It is a little behind the times. Frank It. Stockton has already established a submarine route to the spot in his latest story, "The Great Stone of Sardis." The Cincinnati calls hysterically upon President Mc- Kinlcy to prevent the landing of any •none Spanish soldiers lo Cuba. The Commercial-Tribune is mighty afraid, that the Republicans will lose Ohio. The California Miners' association will meet at Sao Francisco today with about 500 delegates ln attendance, The Klondike region, hasn't drawn all the gold mining men in California by any means. People who travel on the railroads art trying to arrange a compromise with the train robbing fraternity on the basis of holding up the Pullman porters and leaving the passengers alone. *It is proposed to put the price of beer ln Chicago down to one cent a glass, ir the expectation that the population of the city will soon exceed that of Greater New York. An alleged* hide stealer escaped from the county jail at Jackson, in this state, a few nights ago, ar.d the authorities have been able to And neither hida nor hair of him since. The State Masonic Grand Lodge has appropriated $20,000 for the Masonic Widows and Orphans' home recently es tablished at Decoto in Alameda county —a noble charity. Tr*? latest New York society cock tail is composed of cocoalne, arsenic and prussic acid. The only way to survive Its effects is not to drink it. It is r.ot likely that the Prince of Wales will sendi any flowers to the funeral of Sir Charles Murdaunt. WEYLER AND HIS WOE To Cuba "Butcher" Weyler came, Armed with a big typewriter, By which on many fields he'd won A record as a fighter. He settled in Havana town, And, after brief inspection, He made a boast that mighty soon He'd squelch that insurrection. The Spanish hosts were summoned by This great rebellion queller, And then he made them get to work. And die a bomb-proof cellar. When that retreat was made secure 'Gainst rebel demonstrations, Hi- sought its shelter and composed A lot of proclamations. "It's over now," great Weyler said, When he had finished writing; "These manifestoes. I'm convinced, Wid put an end to lighting: I'll read th.:tn to the rebel chiefs," And forth he went to find them, l.tut back to cellar soon he raced, With rebels close behind him. "I've won a victory," he wrote To far-off Spanish bosses, "Frustrating traitors' well-laid plot. And heavy w-re lis losses." A hospital lie "pacified," I J .y way of celebration. Then from the big typewriter fired Another proclamation. Again he called his soldiers out, Put on a suit of armor: A Cuban shanty then they burned, And robbed a wretched farmer. Back to his cellar Weyler flew. And that typewriter pounded Until he broke the big I key— And then he was confounded. Now back to Spain poor Weyler goes In plight that's most distressing; For when he meets the little king Defeat he'll be confessing. 'Twas his unhappy fate, you see. To break that big typewriter By which on many fields he'd won His record as a lighter. —Pittsburg Chronicle Telegraph. Even at Last "I notice." remarked the literary editor, casually turning over the leaves of the book the struggling au thor had brought in, "you have giver, your hero six fingers on his right hand, and there is nothing in the story, so far as I can see. to explain why. May I ask what the extra finger Is for?" "To snap at the critics!" vociferated the struggling author, with a gleam of vengeance in his eye. The worm had turned.—Chicago Tribune. Municipal Ownership The people recognize that there are possibilities of evil in municipal owner ship, but in the light of experience with private franchise Jobb&ry, robbery and monopoly they are beginning to look upon It as the lesser of the two evlis. The way to check the spread, of muni cipal ownership is not by the packing of conventions and. the purchase of city officials, but by honest and fair dealing In franchises granting the use of public privileges.—St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Future "And you will trust your future to such as I?" he exclaimed in rapture. "Yes," she answered, and nestled 1 sweetly upon his bosom. Her future, it was proper to say, en passant, d<dn't cut much ice, anyway, in comparison with her terrible past, by means of which she made her daily bread.—Detroit Journal. THE PUBLIC PULSE (The Herald under this heading prints communications, but does not assume re sponsibility for the sentiments expressed Correspondents are requested to cultivate brevity as far as Is consistent with the proper expression of their views.) The True Index of Prosperity To the Editor of the Los Angeles Her ald: How long will the voters of the country, whose financial salvation, is within their own keeping, supinely be lieve every gold-plated fake about re turning prosperity? Certainly he who runs may read! that there is a money famine ir. the land. When real estate, and particularly land values, do not re spond to the Herculean, efforts of the gold press to "wake the dead" business situation, there is no prosperity worth mentioning. The lands upon which the present crops of wheat and other grains have grown, have not advanced, in, val ues, nor is there any appreciable demand for them. If there was, the observa tions of the writer could, tell a different story than what follows. There art thousands of acres of the best grain and alfalfa lar.'cts In Southern California that in were valued at and. selling for $25 to $.10 per acre. The same can r.ot mow be sold for one-half that price, notwithstanding the fact that these lands pay ten to twenty per- cent net upon $25 per acre in grain ar.d fifty to seventy-five per cent net in. alfalfa. Moreover the money ier.ding fraternity wili not loan money upon those-lane't? at an}- rate of interest, but confine their loans to insurance risks and city lots-, which values are built upon the suc cess! of the country loans- they deny. This is aevnther nail in thie coffin of country life and- a vitalizing force In the concentration of wealth in large cities. The same condition as to the fall in farm land values exists through out the country. An inadequate vol ume of money to exchange the contin ually growing and. newly created wealth lies at the bottom of all our agricultural trouble* and viciously contracting rather thar. expanding our civilization Land, the basis of all wealth above all things, has an inherent worth, since the race must live off the land. The per capita money has not nearly kept pace with the great per capita lncrtase of wealth which now figures so largely through the operation of genius and in vention, the past twenty years. No won der that business is paralyzed. Con fidence can.not be restored because :t has no endnitivjg basis. Confidence Is but a further extension of the eredlit system that brought disas ter. Let us have an ample supply of currency, gold, silver ar.d. greenbacks, with r..0 dliscrlmir.ation in contracts of payment, say seventy-five dollars per capita. This mew crop of money would force out of hiding the old! hoards and all would at once enter the market for all kinds of property, reversing the pres ent tendency lo a further fall In values. Healthy business conditions 1 call for less borrowing ar.d more hand lo hand contact in. exchange of property, real and. persona.. Those* who have large holdings of money and. seek to escape personal work ln general business risks and t'.iesire safe securities should be satisfied with low rates of interest, thus enabling those with, more personal vigor and less money capital to avail them selves of retired money. There is a growing ana disturbing, if not dangerous, tendency to encourage conditions that enable owners of money to put it out at exotbitant rates of in terest and keep the borrowers working for them with no reward for their toil. This class will always contend for a scant supply of money under sophistries and false deductions so conspicuously evidenced ln the last campaign. To escape this thraldom the people must realize that real wealth consists ln the "earth and the fullness thereof." Money is but the representative of real wealth, not wealth itself. Quantity of dollars, not quality, is the essential thing. There is only one "parity" worth serious attention in the adjust ment of the financial question, and that is the parity between dollars and prop erty. Whvn the per Capita of dollars is regulated with the per capita weaXh produced, then a solution, will be reached and not before. Our statesmen through ignorance and corruption have failed to adjust the benefits of modern. invention and genius in the interest of the masses. Unscrup ulous and designing men have se<en and made the most of their opportunities ln private and public exploitation of the natural resources of the country. AY* are passing under the rod ot the law of compensation, atjd. the people must rise to the occasion and adjust the working part of the great machine. If they do not, chaos Is inevitable. Social inse curity will follow commercial distress till, In the words of that illustrious patriot, Abraham Lincoln, "All of lib erty shall be lost," and our once proud and glorious nation may become a sea of anarchy. L. L. NEWER?, Los Angeles, Oct. 15, 1897. That "Sound Money Scheme" To the Editor of the Los AT.geles Her ald: Recently an Associated Press dis patch from New York said: "Secretary Gage is preparing a finan cial measure to be submitted, to con gress next winter. In pursuance of this plan he has sent out letters to 200 leading bankers and merchants inviting sug gestions for placing the currency upon a sound basis. In outline, the scheme will cause the gradual retirement of the greenbacks and the substitution of na tional bank notes therefor, allowing na tional banks to Issue to the full limi; instead of 90 per cent, as now, reducing the tax on national circulation from one j per cent to a fourth of one per cent, and limiting the denominations of bank notes and other paper money to ten dollarsand over, while allowing silver to be substi- I tuted for notes less than $10." And all this Is to be done to strengthen the single gold, standard scheme, and to put the currency "on a sound basis. "Whom the gods wish to destroy they first make mad." The Republican party, having last year gone into the campaign with the false cry that "gold only is honest money," they are forced from one untenable position to another in their efforts to bolster up their cause. Secretary Gage is a banker, and the hand of the banker is plainly seen in this movement, in which he proposes to destroy all the government paper money and substitute bank notes instead. If the banks succeed in influencing con gress to do this thing, then the claim can no longer be made that "this is a government of the people, by tie people, and for the people," for it will then have become a government of the banks, by the banks, and for the banks. It has been truthfully said, that the men who I control the money of a nation govern It. We have neglected I The ... I Talking I clothing I 6 Corner § About Hats, but our Hat Depart- f ~..3 merit is a "hummer," and our Hats are distinctly in the BUZZ • - We fit out men in all sorts of headgear. Hats of every shade and size. . . Prices Right. . $$.00, $4.00, $3.00, $2.50 and always our own special for men. Hat 101-103 North Spring St. 201-203-205-207-209 West First St. . —B Consumption Cured... "Treatise on Consumption" BKST FBKB T0 ASY ADDREM DR. W. HARRISON BALLARD, 406 BIIMPSON BLOCS. Cotuu Spriiu *o4 TfltrdiUMti. hat Aug til*. The Rothschilds manipulated, at will, the money of Europe, and possess more power than any king or emperor of the old country. Recently a movement has been started to establish government savings banks. That is a forward step. This "honest money scheme" of Gage is clearly in tended to sidetrack the postal savings i banks proposition. Now, I have no prejudice against bankers as individ uals, but I do object to the turning over to private parties of the power to manip ulate tho money of this great country. I do protest against the proposition of Mr. Gage to destroy all the greenbacks and. allow the banks the dangerous power to contract or expand our volume of money as their selfish interests might dictate. As the national banking system now ex ists banks invest $100,000 in government bonds bearing interest; they then have issued to them $90,000 in bank notes, which they loan out. They arc-thus en abled to receive two interests on the same investment. They harvest two crops where they plant but one. Banker Gage wants things still more favorable for the bonks; he asks that tha law be changed so that the banker car. invest $100,000 and then, receive Interest on. $200,000 instead of but $190,000 as now andi reduce their rate of taxation. If Mr. | Gage can secure this change in the law he will enable the banker to reap a crop of Interest considerably larger than heretofore, besides will fasten upon, the country the single goloj standard system and permanently silver as primary money. -His whole plan is per nicious and fraught with the greatest danger to the. country. When England adopted the single Rold standard there were 160,000 land owners in Great Brit ain. That financial machine in one gen eration took from the small farmers and middle classes their homes to the num ber of 117,000, and forty-three rich land barons owned all the land in the realm. Mr. Gage's "honest money" scheme will, if adttiered to long enough, bring similar results ln America. Our banking sys tem Isso adroitly planned that the banks have been enabled to get the people of this country in debt to them to the amount of more than three times the entire volume of money in circulation in the United States, and though they owe the depositors a still greater sum, yet they reap a rich harvest in conducting the business without loaning any of their own money. They loan to one set of our people the money belonging to another class. It is a fine business in times of prosperity and confidence, but the system goes to seed in periodical bank panics and suspensions in which millions of dollat s are lost by the people. Yet this system is called "the best bank ing system in the world," while every well-informed person knows that It fur nishes no security whatever to the de positors anci that the banks do, as claim ed by bankers themselves, rest solely or. the confidence of the people. Let a breath of suspicion or a word of criticism be cast on a bank and its very existence is endangered. Clearly that cannot be a stable banking system which depend:-"' upon the whims of a capricious public for its stability. Surely the foundation is not very solid if the banks can be plunged into bankruptcy and ruin by the tattling tongue of some street loafer or the gabbling of some garrulous old lady. Let this "honest money scheme" of Secretary Gage be promptly squelched by the people, and the postal savings bank proposed by the Chicago Record) and Postmaster General Gary be adopt ed by the next congress. Let bimetal lism be restored. Let the government be authorized to issue all the money of the country. Let a law be enacted taxing national banks say 1 per cent on their average deposits, the funds thus raided to go into a sinking fund out of which depositors in suspended banks shall be paid to the full amount of their deposits in such banks at the time of their sus pension If these suggestions were carried out there would be no hiding away in old stockings millions of dollars, and "runs" on banks and bank panics would be at an end. R. A. DAGUE. Santa Paula, Cal., Oct. 13, 1597. Tariff Barons Responsible The big tariff-pamp?red corporations I are responsible for the great bulk of the 1 grossly ignorant and semi-barbarous immigration from southern Europe. The coal mining districts of the country are the nests of anarchism—the swarming centers of a population which has r*o conception of free government, has no appreciation of free institutions and are riotous enemies of native labor. Proba bly not one in a hundred can read' the language of the country whose laws pro tect them and whose privileges they "en- Joy.—Minneapolis Times. CALIFORNIA OPINION Interesting and Well Written In the Los Angeles Herald of Sunday appears an Interesting and well written article on Kern county from the pen of that paper's special correspondent, J. Mills Davies. and a portion of the article is reproduced in this issue of the Call fornian. The Herald is devoting much space to the interests of counties adja cent to Los Angeles, and this feature cannot but popularize the paper in Southern California—Bakersfield Call fornian. The Usurer's Deadly Grip California should arouse to the import ance of freeing itself from the dead ly grip of the usurer. In every one of the old states except Rhode Island there is a fixed legal rate of Interest, with se vere penalties for usury. We are on tha eve of a good revival of prosperity in this state, but to thus struggle in this grip of the money lender is like a man trying to swim with a millstone about htt neick. —Redlands Facts. Los Angeles Getting There If there Is a doubt in the mind of any one that Los Angeles is on a boom ln a quiet, substantial way, let him take a look at the many pretentious business blocks now under construction and tha handsome residences being built, and all doubt* will be dispelled. For metro politan honors Los Angeles is getting there with both f«et.—Downey Cham pion. Plenty of Material One by one the officials of Santa Monica are attacked, but we still have the city attorney, the clerk and) even the treasurer left for some one to vent their spleen upon. Then when this list is exhausted there Is the board of school trustees, as well us the library board. Oh, we have plenty of material.—Santa Monica Outlook. A Low Trick According to the Los Angeles Herald, a low trick was played upon justice at Santa Monica last week, a trick that ought to shame those privy to it, and that may serve to defeat the ends of the criminal law. —Sacramento Record- Union. A Coincidence of Course The supreme court of the state will be in Los Angeles this week. Could th* presence of these dignified jurists In Los Angeles at this time have anything to do with the presence of the horse races at the same time, or is it merely a co incidence? —Pasadena News. Few Worse Than This Are those trappings of "woe" respon sible for the fact that funeral horses are always inclined to move slowly?— Oaklanii Tribune. THE MAN OF THE HOUR The dispatches from Washington convey the impression that It is a fore gone conclusion In administrative cir cles that Ex-Judge James A. Waymire of California will either succeed Mc- Kenna as attorney general or step into the shoes of the retiring justice ot ths supreme bench. $2000^2 "Whew! What a lot ol money those Schilling's Best people make." Yes, that's right. They don't have to worry about money j and so they can use all theiii wits in making goods right. A Schilling tt Company Saa Francisco SMI .