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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, October 31, 1897, Image 15

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Several Weeks' Investigation by a Special Cor
respondent of The Herald
Great Progress in Mining
and Milling
Good Openings for Invests
ment of Money
Approaching Completion of the
Randsburg and Kramer Rail
road—How It Will Effect
the Twin Cities
Just one year ago the writer was de
tailed to investigate the mining re
sources of Randsburg,now better known
as the "Rand district," comprising-
Randsburg and Johannesburg. After a
Week's careful observation and examina
tion of the few large mining properties
then being actively developed, the result
was given to readers of The Herald in
as concise and practical a form as pos
sible, which has been commended ever
Since for its accuracy at least.
A similar duty now devolves upon the
■writer, and in view of the fact that ma
terial development has taken place in
business as well aa mining, milling and
water interests, during the past year,
all "glittering generalities" and super
fluous remarks must necessarily be eli
minated in order to give, in the limited
space allotted for that purpose, as com
prehensive and intelligent a presenta
tion of facts and figures as possible.
Randsburg is now in a similar condi
tion to that of a popular race horse,
.which has Just got its second wind in an
exciting race and is heading for the
goal, with excellent prospects of reach
ing it successfully. The Klondike fever
may have contributed to the temporary
cessation in active development of min
ing properties in this section during the
past six months, but it is a fact worthy
of special note that only one mine owner
left Randsburg for the Eldorado of the
frozen north during that time, and he
went because he was offered strong in
ducements to go.
A brief review of the progress of the
"Rand district" during the past year
makes a very creditable showing. In
mining operations there ha 3 been a
marked development of the leading old
claims, as will be shown elsewhere--
and many others, in this and the new
district of Johannesburg, have come
prominently to the front.which were un
known a year ago. Up to the present
time the Rand group, the pioneer mines
or the district, have produced over *100,
--000, and under very adverse circum
stances, the Butte, Kinyon and Wedge
fully $80,000 each. The Napoleon and
Merced, new claims in the Stringer dis
trict, have each produced over $15,000.
The St. Elmo, IVtaluma, Alameda, Val
Verde and King Solomon group, also the
Rooltet mine, have been important pro
ducers. Among recent discoveries which
promise to become leading mines are the
Little Butte and its extension, the Me
teor, Banner, Minnehaha, Combination,
Skookum, Hard Cash, Reedley group,
William J. Bryan and many others.
The total product of gold from the en
tire district to date Is over $600.000—a
good showing when the fact is borne in
mind that the first discovery was not
made until April 22, 189fi. The monthly
product is now about $100,000.
During several weeks' investigation
the Writer went through dozens of the
mines and promising claims of the dis
trict, hence the report of mining devel
opment work, which appears elsewhere
in this article and the Johannesburg ar
ticle is in nine cases out of ten either the
result of personal observation or con
firmed by it.
It is a toothsome morsel to chronic
"kickers'' and carping critics to prate
about the uncertainty of Rand district
mines attaing great, or even a few hun
dred feet depth. The fact is that nearly
all the mines that have attained a depth
of two hundred feet or more are showing
sulphurcts in increasing proportion a<
the mines go down beyond that depth.
This is regarded by many non-resident
mine owners and mineralogists now
here investigating the mines as an ex
cellent Indication that the mines, in their
base or? prospects, are sure tn develop
into immense and permanent deposits
of mineral wealth. In order to test this
matter by personal observation the
writer went down to the bottom of the
Wedge and many other mines in that
vicinity; also went through the Minne
haha, Meteor, Hard Cash, Skookum and
many others in the south and southwest
sections, the Val Verde, Alameda am;
kindred mines of the Johannesburg sec
tion, also the bottom of thel St. Elmo
mine shaft and through the various
drifts and stopes of that group. The
present depth of the following mines,
coupled with the increase in base ore as
they go down proves that the alleged
fear of the mines "pinching out" is un
j founded. The Wedge is down 415 feet,
the Little Rutte 385 feet, the King Solo
mon 270 feet, St. Elmo 200 feet, and many
others have attained a depth of from
fifty tn over 100 feet.
During the past month there has been
a marked increase in the inquiry for
good paying mining property, and with
the advent of the new railroad it is con
fidently expected that the number of
seekers after mining Investments will
steadily increase. E. P. Maginnis, jus
tice of peace and formerly district re
corder, informed the writer that it is not
true many individuals hold from 20 to
40 claims each, but that a considerable
number do hold from one to ten claims;
that out of 2000 claims recorded in the
entire Rand district no development
work whatever has been done on be
tween 800 and 1000, or nearly one-half of
the number recorded. A considerable
number of the above claim holders have
arrived recently to do their assessment
work before the close of the year, and
others are arriving daily. This alone
has infused an actfve spirit into the dis
trict. The claim-holder feature will be
a still greater factor in activity when a
large number who cannot perform their
assessment work or pay for it before tho
close of the year (the time undeveloped
claims are forfeited) must sell or part
with their claims. This Is an excellent
opportunity for men with much or a lit
tle capital to secure paying prospects
for a small consideration, and the dis
trict will be generally benefited by the
development work required by law. i
In water development the situation is
very encouraging. As will be seen in
the Johannesburg article, water is now
furnished by the Johannesburg Milling
and Water company lo the entire dis
trict, as may be required, I'm- domestic
and other purposes. The supply Is
abundant and the quality is good. E. M.
Skilllng hauls water six miles northeast
of Randsburg from his wells to the ridge
near the Butte mine, where it is piped
to a tank in town, and from there ha tiled
again in wagons, it Is confidently antlci
pated by the Johannesburg Milling am!
Water company that ere long all the
water needed to operate mills for this
district will be obtained.
With water will come mills, or reduc
tion works—one naturally follows the
other. The Rand Mining company hasi
leased the Visalia mill at Oarlock, have!
increased its capacity from five to ten
stamps and have doubled the well facili
ties to obtain sufficient water for the en
larged mill. Oarlock mills as yet oper
ate the bulk of Rand district ori s. A
reduction works that cost $20,n0n < Wood's
lutomatic dry concentrator and crusher)
is now in operation on the Alameda
mine, Johannesburg. Blight imperfec
tions in the crusher will soon be rem
edied, then it is contemplated to do cus
tom work. Another substantial ten-
Dtamp mill that will require 30,000 gal
ons of water every twenty-four hours
s In process of construction at Johan
lesburg. (See article on that town on
text page.) The milling done at Cudde
back lake, a live-stamp mill, is highly
satisfactory, the only objection to that
"ii. nHr. mm nnrtock mills, being the
listance. Milling at Oarlock costs from
:(i to $s per ton, nt Cuddeback lake $■>
■ier ton. The hauling to both mills costs
from $1.75 to $3, according to distance
tnd the character of the roads.
The geological formations of the Rand
listrh-t are principally schist, porphyry
and granite or syenite (altered granite),
the latter showing peculiar slate fea
tures, being in many places in thin hori
zontal layers. The ores are as yet free
milling gold (with the exception of si.
Elmo district), but showing a marked
tendency as the mines attain considera-
bid depth, to change to base ore, an en
couraging sign in the opinion of mineral
ogists, as it indicates that large bodies
of ore exist below.
This district presents so many features
peculiar to itself and differing greatly
from those of any other mining section
of California that it is a puzzle to old
time miners. But the more they investi
gate the mines the more convinced they
become of the great wealth of ore stored
in the bowels of the earth, Carping
critics have ceased to "bellow like the
bull of Eashan," as some of them did a
year ago, regarding the poor outlook for
good strikes in this district.
By the annexed map, which shows a
number of porphyritlc belts and the
prlnoipal claims thereon, it will be seen
that the Rand group, the point of first
discovery of ore, is given prominent
space. This is done on account of the
prevalent opinion that Rand mountain
Is what might be termed the backbone
(mlneralogically speaking) of the dis
trict. It was on the Rand mine of this
group that Mr. Mooers and his associa
tes, C. A. Burcham and John Singleton,
struck the first ore found in the district.
This was on October 22, 1895, and the
chunk was worth $75. Since then, the
Rand group has paid handsome reven
ues to its owners and the writer regrets
that he is debarred, by-special request of
the company, from giving any statistical,
data at the present time.
Is popularly known as a triangular
piece of ground but in reality is a four
sided claim with the end lines parallel
and situated in the heart of the high
grade ore district of Randsburg. The
vein is of an average dip of 50 degrees
to the northeast with the strike running
about 20 degrees west of north. The de
velopment work consists of a shaft 415
feet deep and levels at 115 feet, 165 feet,
215 feet und 215 feet distant from the
mouth of the shaft. Work now is being
donentthe2ls foot level where a distance
has been run on the west of 75 feet and
on the east of 40 feet. The intention is
to continue this level and others below it
till the end lines are reached. Practical
ly all the ore milled up to date has come
from above the 105-foot level, no "stup
ing" of uny kind having been done be
low that level. The 315-foot level has
been driven only about 25 feet east and
west of the shaft and some high-grade
ore was encountered In this level, also
at a point 50 feet below this level and at
!• distance 806 feet down the shaft. At'
the bottom the vein is well defined, al
though narrow. While the production
of the mine so far has been nearly $10>>,
--000 not one-tenth of the vein has been
"stoped." An interesting geological
occurrence, i. c., the splitting of the main
ledge on this hill has taken place on the
Wedge claim, one section of the vein
now being developed on the Butte claim
nortli of their shaft and the other section
,'roing south of the Butte shaft, the apex
of wlhch has been traced a long dis
tance to the Philadelphia and Hector
claims 2000 feet to the southeast. The
northern section of the vein having been
and being developed in the King Solo
mon mine, one-half of a mile to the ease.
These are a group situated north of the
Butte, Wedge and Kinyon mines. An
incline double-compartment shaft has
been sunk to a depth of 320 feet on the
J. I. C, 17G feet to first level and 90 feet
to second level; thence to the bottom,
all varying in degree of incline. A shaft
in the Excelsior will be connected with
that of the J. I. C. There are cross-cuts
Nt different points aggregating 300 feet
Eleven men are constantly employed
and there are indications of a good ledge
being close by. J. J. Brown, Denver, one
of the owners of the famous "Little
Johnnie" mine, Leadvllle, Colo., and
Col. James A. Shinn, Leadvllle, are the
owners. They are also owners of the
Tom, White House, White Hills, Phila
delphia, Serpent of the Desert and Rat
This is one of the old mines of Rands
burg, It such designation can he used in
connection with a camp that is not yet
2 years old. The Butte also ranks among
the first mines in this camp to turn out
big pay, and it has been a good payer
ever since, except during some short
intervals when, owing to change of own
ership, it was not being worked. A lit
tle over three months ago it was bond
ed by a Montana mining man named
Wilson, who at once proceeded to work it
in a proper wuy and put the mine on its
feet. It is situated In what is known as
Fiddler's Guli h. The vein is in diaritic
rock, with a streak of white quartz near
the hanging wall, showing free gold
throughout. The rest of the vein mat
ter is a crushed quart! mixed with talc,
also rich in gold.
This Is one of the greatest producers
of ore In the Hand district. At least $80,
--000 worth of gold has been taken out dur
ing the past two years, and, as Mr. Kin
yon, sr.. and the sons said to the
writer, "The Kinyon is not for sale." Un
fortunately, after several attempts be
tween the blasts to get down the shaft,
the writer was compelled to defer his
visit into the mine until some more op
portune time.
This adjoins the Kinyon on the north
and is a valuable mining properly.
After making an appointment with Mr.
E. Lee Allen, the manager, to go through
the mine, several attempts were made by
the writer to meet him at the mine for
that purpose, but Unsuccessfully. Tin
main shaft is clown 385 feet, and drifting
Is in progress thence, both ways, in a
vein of good ore. At the 880-foot level
of the above shaft a 2-foot vein of the
richest ore taken out was struck a few
days ago.
This property comprises five claims
belonging to the Hand Mountain Mining
company of Los Angeles. They are:
The Ooloratha Wedge No. 1, Coloratha
Wi dge No. 2. the Twin Brothers. Lillian
11., and Bald Eagle. They lie to the
cast of the Big Hand mountain and a
short distance south from Randsburg.
The live claims cover an area of about
GO acres, and their location is conceded
to be one of the best in this camp. Tin
company is incorporated, with a capital
of $1,000,000, diivided into 1,000,000 shares
of $1 each.
Work was begun on these mines about
the first of last July, and at the pres
ent time they have a shaft down in the
Coloratha Wedge No. 1 nearly 200 feet,
and are deepening at the rate of from
three to four feet a day. They intend to
keep on sinking down to a depth of 250
The Tip Top. owners, Ed Hammond.
Max Skinner and Claude Bohannon; two
miies southwest from Randsburg; shaft
50 feet deep, six-foot ledge, runs $10 up
to several hundred dollars per ton.
Pioneer—Garfield A- St. Michael; bond
ed October :i to Messrs. Wiißhfre and
Blaisdell of Los Angeles for Sir..ooo; con
tract let for 50-foot shaft; four men
working: adjoins and is similar ore to
Minnehaha mine.
The Tarantula. Bradbury. Louise Pro
vost. Providence and Lonely Turtle are
promising claims adjoining the Hard
Cash. Skookum. etc., in a section that is
heavily mineralized. L. W. Beach, Ed
Cobleigh and George Toedt.all of Rands
burg, are the owners. Mr. Beach was
on tho staff of the Evening Express, Los
Angeles, for years as reporter and after
wards conducted the Mount Lowe Echo.
His mother is lessee of the Hotel Port
land, South Spring street. He says he
has "struck a good thing."
The New York, on part of townsite
north, Is owned by S. J. Montgomery.
H. C. Winohell and several other gen
tlemen. It has aSO and 25-foot shaft.
The Paymaster, north and parallel
with Minnehaha, is owned by S. J. Mont
gomery and E. B. McGlnnis. It has a
two-foot ledge, a 40-foot and 50-foot tun
nel, a 20-foot shaft and an open cut.
Eleven hundred dollars worth of orehar
been taken out and milled so far, at
Kane Springs.
The Dyke, adjoining the Meteor, own
ers J. C. Brou n and M. Page Minor, Wil
liams, Ariz., and i. 11. Belcher, Garlock.
on same ledge as Meteor; 10 feet wide in
Philadelphia Wedge, owners C. E. Fer
ris & Co., adjoins the King Solomon
group and Butte: ledge four feet: shaft
100 feet deep; stope at 40 and 80-llt. lev
els; ore runs $25 per ton across ledge,
F. L. Ransdall, superintendent.
Keystone Gold Mining company, re
cently incorporated, capital stock $1,000,
--000, has the following claims one and a
quarter miles southeast ot Butte mine:
Little Gem, Hazel Dell, Mabel X, and
Old St. Nlc, owner H. V. B. Gibson of
Redondo, has shaft 65 feet deep and
ledge varying from six to twenty-two
inches in width.
The Petnlumn, owners King, Doss &
Co., situated three and a half miles west
of Rand mountain. A. J. Better, the
assayer, has made a number of assays
on this property, running into the thou
sands of dollars; mine has 125-foot shaft;
drift 40 and 50-foot level; ledge four and
a half to live feet wide. Company now
preparing to put in a gasoline hoist en
The Zelda, a half mile west of Hard ;
('ash mine, is owned by Messrs. Ham- i
mond. Lively and Upton. The ledge Is '
opened for 1500 feet at Intervals of a few
feet and averages 12 feet; average assay
$42.04 to the ton; several small stringers
connect with main ledge.
The Wasp, between Randsburg and
Johannesburg, recently bonded to
Messrs. Ragsdale and Hubbell; working
bond of $10,000; two men working; at 30
--foot depth have two and a half foot vein;
ore assays from $6 to $31.
Irene and May Queen, both very prom
ising mines, bonded by Charles M. Rose.
Johannesburg; situated two miles west
of Randsburg; ten men working stead
Ily. May Queen has 200-foot tunnel and
good ledge; the Irene has two shafts,
fine body of ore; that from shaft No. 2
running $100 to the ton.
The Josephine adjoins Ruroham No. 2;
has open cuts and 20-foot and 75-foot
Shafts; ledge one and a half feet wide;
average milling of ore $22.80. Just milled
first lot of three tons.
The Gold Bug, two miles southeast ot
Randsburg, was recently bonded by
Frank Cole and Thomas B. Huff from
Messrs. rowers, McCormlck and Col.
McCombes. It has a shaft down 120 feet
and still sinking, a drift from 50-foot and
150-foot levels; also another shaft. The
1, dge In shaft No. 1 is three feet wide.
The 120 tons of ore milled at Oarlock ran
$20 to $55 per ton.
Since the writer was here last—a year
ago-ra great change has taken place.
-Many new and valuable mines have been
opened up and the placer district has
been extended. In conversation with
the dry washer men, the writer learned
that there are ;;0 men working on 15 ma
chines. The range in net earnings is
from $1.50 to $5 per day per man, some
what less than a year ago, owing to the
larger number at work.
A brief description of the leading
mines of this district must suffice as
space is limited.
The Magganetta mine is incorporated
under the name of the Magganetta Gold
Mining company, with a capital of $500,
--i)n.'. Shaft No. 1 is down about 150 feet;
No. 2 between 30 and 40 feet. From the
latter a drift has been run 90 feet, tap
ping some very rich ore. The ledge has
been traced by trenches for 250 feet,
showing good ore. Development work is
.ill that is done at present. A third shaft
now being sunk from the summit will,
it is expected, open up a large body of
This promising mine is situated 2V.
miles east by south of Rnndsburg, and]
was formerly owned by Messrs, Mediu
ms, O'Lcnry and Hansen. It was bonded
last August by Messrs. C. E. Ferris and
G. M. Rigden of Los Angeles for $16,000,
of Which $3500 was paid cash down. Tho
ore is free-milling gold and mill tests
show it to run over $100 to the ton. An
incline shaft goes down 100 feet, thence
drifting is being done, following the
ledge on both sides 15 feet and in te ;.
northeast and southwest. The ledge at
litis point is uniformly three feet wide,
but five ledges have been opened tip
tn different parts of the claim, all show
ing free gold. There is an immense body
of ore in sight. There are two tunnels
also on the claim, each 25x10 feet in
length, and ore chutes are being worked
on the surface, these having been dis
covered at 85 feet depth in the incline
shaft and been traced thence to the sur
face. One thousand dollars were taken
from these ore chutes alone.
Adjoins Minnehaha on the west, is own
ed by Messrs. Kelly & Carpenter—bond
ed to Messrs. Ellis and McGrew for $35,
--000. Working bond expires May Ist.
They are now running a tunnel to cross
cut the ledge 60 feet from hanging to
foot wall—ledge GO feet wide, have about
30 tons of ore on the dump; ore assays
$12 to $200; Just started a shaft from
summit of claim (October 21st), at «>4
feet depth milling test shows $100 to the
No mining claim In the Rand district
has come to the front rank any quicker.
to say the least, than the Banner, owned
by Messrs. Price and Hopper, of Rands
burg. It Is in a splendidly mineralised
section, near the Meteor and adjoining
the Tip Top, in the west end of the dis
trict. On Thursday, October 21st, a
boulder of ore was taken out weighing
368 pounds, assays from which showed
$100 to the ton. On the following Satur
day, a chunk weighing 1000 pounds (with
loose earth attached) was taken out,
which showed free gold all over it. By
the 24th, twenty-five sacks of good ore
had been taken out. Messrs. Price and
Hopper have a valuable property.
This is another promising group of
claims in the west part of the district
which bids fair to become heavy gold
producers. They are situated 4hi mllea
southwest from Randsburg. The com
pany was recently incorporated with
capital stock of 1,000,000 shares of par
value of $1. A block of 200,000 shares
was appropriated as treasury stock for
the purpose of purchasing machinery
and making necessary improvements
in the various claims.
The officers of the company are as
follows: A. T. Stewart, president and
general manager; Dr. B. O. Webb, vice
president; Prof. Inskeep, secretary and
treasurer, who with the following are
directors, Jay E. Hunter and Nat. Wll
shire. All of the above are well-known
Los Angeles gentlemen, and they may
be congratulated on having a splendid
piece of property. The five claims are
the Hard Cash, Robert E. Lee, Hesper,
Tycoon and Shasta. The Hard Cash is
the only one developed. It has an In
cline shaft down 65 feet, a drift 55 feet,
and the work in progress is evidertly
being done in a solid body of ore, and
yet no walls have been exposed so far.
The ore in sight is estimated at 15,000
tons, assays run from $5 to $83, averag
ing $15 at Garlock mills; tailings aver
age $5. There has been shipped so far
about 150 tons and there is now on
the dump 600 tons.
This group comprises Skookum, York
shire Lass and Spokane, incorporated as
the Yorkshire Lass Mining company.
The only one now being actively worked
is the Skookum. which has an incline
shaft 45 feet down and drift 60 feet, also
shaft at end of drift 20 feet, all in ore
from the surface. At 100 feet depth the
vein is fully 19 feet wide with good hang
ing and foot walls. The ore mills at
Oarlock from $6 to $15 per ton. Five
hundred tons have been milled to date.
The Yorkshire Lass has a double com
partment shaft 6x12, forty feet down,
lon ore from the surface. Assays show
ore runs from $6 to $12. There are 300
I tons on dump. No work has been done
ion Spokane as yet, except a 15-foot tun
nel on vein. A. C. Harper of Los Ange
les Is one of the company, and he accom
panied the writer through the Spokane.
This is said to have been named after
Mr. Hammond's (the Randsburg mcr
■ chant) be=,t girl before he sold it to Chas.
A. Koehn, Kane Springs. However,
| whether true or not, it is n good one. The
i ledges average eight inches of pay
Stn nk. which runs from $78 to $S0 per
ton. There is a shaft SO feet in depth,
250 feet of stuping, and about 25 men are
employed mining and hauling ore to
Kane Springs, two and a half miles to
Randsburg, a".d thence nbout twenty
miles to Mr. Koehn's mill. Two four
horse teams are constantly employed,
and occasionally a 12-horse team.
Chas. A. Koehn has a young pig at this
I oocainp that for learning is par excel
lence—indeed, it is a "real, smart pig."
It is consequently a pet of Mr. Koehn,
for Charlie (as he is familiarly called)
has a strong liking for learned men or
animals. He charged the writer to men
tion the pig when at the mine, and the
promise is fulfilled.
This is the property of J. W. Scott,
', I formerly lessee of the Hotel Arcadia,
Santa Monica; also his brother, C. B.
Scott, and Col. Chase of the Nadeau ho
: tel. The ledges have rich pay streaks, as
I (Continued on Pass Twenty-two.)

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