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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, January 28, 1898, Image 2

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tanoes are, of course, the same, but
traveling has been resumed. Tour
speeches and resolutions at that first
convention were directed mainly to the
question of how to regain what you had
lost in the three previous years, or, if
that was found impossible, how to stop
further loss. Your object now, as I
gather it, is to go out and possess what
you have never had before. You want
to extend, not your notes, but your busi
ness. 1 sympathized with your purposes
then; I am in full accord with your in
tentions now. I ventured to say at the
gatherinjr referred to, as reported in
your published proceedings, speaking
both for yuur encouragement and from
a profound conviction, that this great
country cannot be permanently kept in
a state of relapse. I believe we will re
occupy the field temporarily lost to us
and go out to the peaceful conquest of
new and greater Holds of trade and
commerce. The recovery will come
Slowly, perhaps, but It will come, and
when it does we will be steadier and will
better know how to avoid exposure
hereafter.
I have abated none of the faith I then
expn ssed, and you seem to have re
gained yours.
National policies can encourage Indus
try and commerce, but it remains for
PRESIDENT T. C. SEARCH
the people to project and carry them on.
If these policies stimulate industrial de
velopment and energy, the people can
"be safely trusted to do the rest.
The government, however, is restricted
in its power to promote industry. It
can aid commerce, but not create it. It
can Widen and deepen its rivers, improve
its harbors and develop its great na
tional waterways, but the ships to sail
and the traliic to carry the people must
supply. The government can raise rev
enues by taxation in such,a way as will
discriminate in favor of domestic enter
prises, but it can not establish them- It
can make commercial treaties, opening
to our manufacturers and agriculturists
the portß of other nations. It can enter
into reciprocal arrangements to ex
change our products with those of other
countries. It can aid our merchant ma
rine by encouraging our people to build
ships of commerce.
It can assist In every lawful manner
private enterprise to unite the two
oceans with the great canal. It can do
all these things and ought to do them,
but with all this accomplished the re
sult will still be ineffectual unless sup
plemented by energy, enterprise and in
dustry of the people. It is they that
must build and operate the factories,
furnish ships and cargoes for the canal
and the rivers and the seas. It is they
who must find the consumers anil obtain
trade by going forth to win it. Much
pndituble trade is still unenjoyed by our
people because of their present
insuttioiont facilities for reach
ing desirable markets. Much of it is
lost because of a lack of information
and ignorance of the conditions and
needs of other nations. We must know
just what other people want before we
can supply their wants. We must un
derstand exactly how to reach them with
the least expense if we would enter into
the most advantageous business rela
tions with them. The ship requires
shippers, but the shipper must have as
sured promise that his goods will have
a sale when they reach their destina
tion. It is a good rule, if buyers will not
come to us to go to them. It is our duty
to make American enterprise and in
dustrial ambition, as well as achieve
ment, terms of respect and praise, not
only at home, but among the family of
nations the world over.
There is another duty resting upon
the national government—to coin money
and regulate the value thereof. This
ROBT, LAIDLOW, TREASURER
duty requires that our government shall
regulate the value of its money by the
highest standards of commercial honesty
and national honor. The money of the
I'nited Stabs is and must forever I"-
Unquestioned and unassailable. If
doubts remain they must be removed.
If weak places are discovered they must
be strengthened. Nothing should ever
tem.pt us—nothing will ever tempt us—
to scale down the sacred debt of the
nation through a legal technicality.
Whatever may be the language of the
contract, the United Stat'ts will dis
charge- all its obligations in tie- cur
rency recognlsi d as the best throughout
th< 'Civilized world at th.- time of the
payment. Nor will we ever consent that
the wages of labor or its frugal savings
be scaled down by permitting payment
in dollars of less value than the dol
lars accepted as 'he best in every en
lightened nation of the . tilth.
Under existing conditions our citi
zens cannot be excused if they do not
redouble their efforts to secure such
iinancial legislation as will place theil
honorable intentions beyound dispute.All
those who represent, as you do. the great
conservative and progressive business
Interests of the country, owe it not only
to themselves, but to the people to in
sist upon the settlement of this great
guestlon now, or else face the alterna
tive that it must bo again submitted
for arbitration at the polls. This is
our plain duty to more than 7,000,000
voters, who, fifteen months ago, won a
great political battle on the issue,
among others, that the United States
government would permit a doubt to ex
ist anywhere concerning the stability
and integrity of its currency or the in
violability of its obligations of every
kind.
This Is my Interpretation of that vic
tory. Whatever effort, therefore, is re
quired to make the settlement of this
vital question clear and conclusive for
all time we are bound in good con
science to undertake, and, if possible,
realize. That is our commission —our
present charter from the people.
It Will not suffice for citizens nowa
days to say simply that they are in favor
of sound money. That is not enough.
The people's purpose must be given the
vitality of public law. Better an honest
effort with failure, than the avoiding of
so plain and eomanding a duty.
The difficulties in the path of a satis
factory reform are, it must be ad
mitted, neither few In number nor slight
in degree, but progress cannot fail to be
made with a fair and thorough trial. An
honest attempt will be the best proof of
sincerity of purpose. Discussion cannot
hurt, it will only help the cause. Let
'us have full and free discussion. We
are the last to avoid or evade it. In
telligent discussion will strengthen the
indifferent and encourage the friends
of a stable system of finance.
Half-heartednesa never won a battle.
Natlotll ami parties without abiding
principles and stern resolution to en
force, even if costs a continued struggle
to do so and temporary sacrifice, are
never in the highest degree successful
leaders in the progress of mankind. For
us to attempt nothing in the face of the
present fallacies and the constant effort
to spread them Is to Jose valuable ground
already won and practically to weaken
the forces of sound money for their
battles of the future.
The financial plank of the St. Louis
platform is still ns contending upon lie
publicans and those who served with
them In the last campaign as on the
day it was adopted and promulgated.
Happily, the tariff part of the platform
has already been engrafted Into the pub
lic statute. Hut that other plank, not
already builded into our constitution, is
a binding force upon us. What is it?
The Republican party is unreservedly
for sound money. It caused the enact
ment of the law providing for the re
sumption of specie payments in 1879.
Since then every dollar has been as
good as gold.
We are unalterably opposed to every
measure calculated to debase our cur
rency or impair the credit of our coun
try. We are therefore opposed to the
free coinage of silver, except by inter
national agreement with the leading
commercial nations of the world, which
we pledge ourselves to promote, and
until such agreement can be obtained
the existing gold standard must be pre
served.
All our silver and paper currency must
CHARLES A. SCHIEREX
Chairman Executive Committee
be maintained at a parity with gold and
ive favor all measure! designed to
maintain Inviolably the obligations of
;he United State! and all our money,
whether coin or paper, at the preaent
standard, the standard of the enlight
ened nations of the earth.
This is in reality a command from the
people who gave the administration to
the party now in power and who are
still anxiously waiting for the execu
tion of their free and omnipotent will by
those of us who bold commissions from
that supreme tribunal.
I have tonight spoken in a somewhat
serious strain because I believe it is due,
both t" the- membership of the associa
tion ami to the condition! under which
this assemblage has met. The confer
ences and systematic efforts of such a
body of men as this are capable of inn
lite good to the respective communities
n which the members live and to the
nation at large.
The country is now emerging from
:rylng conditions. It is only just be
ginning to recover from the depression
n certain lines of business long con
tnued and altogether unparalleled. Pro
tress, therefore, will naturally be slow,
nit let us not be Impatient. Rather let
is exercise a just patience and one
vhieh in time will surely bring its own
tigh reward.
1 have no fear for the future of our
jeloved country. While I discern in its
•resent condition the necessity that al
ways exists for the faithful devotion of
ts citizens, the history of its past is
issurance to me that its course will lie.
as it lias always been true of every
struggle and emergency, still onward
md upward. It has never suffered from
lny trial or been unequal to any task.
Pounded upon right principles, we have
lotbing to fear from the vicissitudes
which may lb- across our pathway. The
nation, founded by the fathers upon
principles of virtue, education, freedom
mil human rights, moulded by the great
liscussions which established Its sov
ereignty, tried in the crucible of civil
War, v illi a union stronger and better
[ban ever before stands today, not upon
ihiftlng sands, but upon immovable
foundations. Let us resolve by our laws
mil by our administration of them to
maintain th" rights of the citizen, to
tement tin- Union by still closer bonds,
to exalt tin- standards of American civ
ilization, encourage the promotion of
thrift, industry and economy and the
homely virtues which have ennobled our
I pi", uphold the stability of o.ur cur
rency .and credit, and illustrate the pur
ity of our national and municipal gov
ernment, and though the rain descend
and the II Is come and the winds blow,
tin- naii'iti will stand, for it is founded
upon a rock,
Senator William P. Frey of Maim-,
Who was introduced us one of the great
-st friend! of tie- merchant marine,
in.oil- a brief address.
in speaking "f the Nicaragua canal
he declared that the I'nited States
should build it. He did not approve o£
LOS ANGELES HERALDi FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 2?, 1898
the private ownership of the canal by
any corporation; the government was
in the best position to build and operate
the canal. Senator Frye said that the
value of the Hawaiian islands was
$39,000,000, and that Americans owned
them. American ships carried the com
merce, valued at $23,000,000. He said that
if tha treaty were not ratified in less than
one year the Islands would be under the
protection of Great Britain.
This was met with cries of "No!"
Much confusion followed. He asked the
guesus to exercise their influence with
the senate to have the treaty ratified.
There were, cheers and cries of "No."
.Much confusion followed. He askeu th,
guests to exercise their influence with
the senate to have the treaty ratified.
There were cheers and cries of "No," as
well.
Senator Frye said the Nicaraguan ca
nal would not be worth a cent with the
Hawaiian islands in the hands of an
enemy.
This was received with applause.
Then Senator Frye changed his subject
to that of the necessity for increasing
the merchant marine. He said in con
clusion that if he were a dictator he
would butld the Nicaraguan canal, take
Hawaii, build a railroad from Terra
del Fuego and subsidize the merchant
marine of the country. During all his
references to Hawaii there were several
"No's" yelled out when he referred to
the trenty. He closed amid great ap
plause.
Charles Emory Smith spoke at length
on the commercial destiny of the United
States, which he predicted would in the
incoming contury peacefully dominate
the markets of the world.
Henry F. Howland spoke next on the
tendency of legislation to meddle with
private affaire.
After midnight President McKinley
held a reception, leaving the hotel at 1
a. m. for the Windsor.
THE HEARNE LIBEL
Is Sent Back to Be Tried Yet Once
More
SAX FRAXCTSCO, Jan. 27.—The su
preme court today reversed the judg
ment on* the superior court of San Diego
county, in which damages for libel had
been awarded Dir. Joseph C. Hearne
against the Chronicle. A new trial was
ordered. The supreme court held that
the lower court had erred in not allowing
the defense to introduce important testi
mony to support its statements. The
plaintiff had sought to show malice on
the part of the Chronicle correspondent
at San Daego by introducing In evidence
an eastern publication containing state
ments concerning Dr. Hearne. with the
authorship of which Hearne accused the
Chronicle correspondent. The defense
sought to have the whole article read,
and the court denied the request. The
lower court also allowed witnesses to
.testify as to their understanding of the
meaning of a publication, in which they
thought they discovered an innuendo
.implicating Hearne in the killing of the
former husband of his wife. This the
supreme court held to be erroneous, as
the article itself was not ambiguous, and
was proper evidence. The supreme
court also held that a libel lay in the
sting of an article, and that a paper could
not be mulcted for libel if it had as
serted that the plaintiff had thrown
dishes at his wife, if the fact should be
that he had not thrown the dishes, but
had struck his wife with them while
holding them in his hands.
The supreme court referred to the
printing of court proceedings in the
divorce suit as privileged publications,
and held that a paper did not have to
prove beyond reasonable doubt the truth
of its charges, a preponderance of evi
dence being sufficient.
VISITING MEXICO
Mrs. Hearst Is Given a Very Cordial
Welcome
CITY OF MEXICO, Jan. 27.—Mrs.
Hearst, widow of Senator Hearst, of
California, has arrived here and been
cordially greeted, the Governor of the
Federal District sending one of the finest
bands to serenade her. Senator Hearst
was a warm friend of Mexico, and at the
time of the Cutting incident displayed
his sympathy with this country and
aided in resisting the pressure for war,
supporting President Cleveland in his
pacific attitude, hence the grateful re
gard in which the memory of the Cali
fornia Senator is held in Mexico.
The Department of Encouragement
has received a petition asking for a
concession for a tunnel twenty miles
long, in the State of Guanajuato, the
object being to drain some valuable
mines. The work will cost many mil
lion dollars and it is believed by com
petent engineers will be entirely prac
ticable, and result in a large profit tv
the promoters.
John Fade, one of the prisoners ar
rested in connection with the operations
of the gang of American operator!, has
after the examination, been held for
trial.
President Diaz is expected to arrive
here today, and will be received by a
division of the army, consisting of two
brigades, and the Jockey Club will give
him a banquet of welcome. It is the
first considerable trip the President has
taken into the interior for some years
and the popular manifestation of re
joicing all along the route has been
greatly gratifying to him. People have
turned out in crowds everywhere and
many incidents show that the popular
enthusiasm has been recorded by the
press.
Bessie Was Brave
WATERIIURV, Conn., Jan. 27,-Miss
Bessie Field of California, daughter ~f
Stephen J. Field, the recently retired
justice of tin- United States supreme
court, performed an act of signal bra
very last evening.
As a KUcst of Mr. and Mrs. Charles E.
Lamb she was entertaining a caller, At
torney Joseph Anderson, Jr., when the
portieres caught fire from a lamp and
before tin- fit ,- was discovered the entire
room \\as in flames. She saw the lire
first and without warning her caller,
jumped, at the risk of igniting a light
dress she wore, and tore down the dra
peries and tit tin- same time picked up
some blazing rugs and threw the mass
out of the window. Then, with the as
sistance of the guest, the fire was ex
tinguished.
Seven Sailors Mutiny
TACOMA, Wash., Jan. 87.—Seven
sailors of the British bark .Marion [eraser
mutinied last Sunday while the ship was
being towed out through tin- Straits of
Fuca. A rough and tumble finht oc
curred on the deck, in which, fists, clubs
and irons were freely used.
Captain McDonald H as severely kick
ed and fifteen members of the crew,
Including the mutlnour ""os, were bruis
ed from head to loot.
FREE SILVER
Pops Up on Every Possible
Occasion
VOTE ON TELLER'S MEASURE
IS SET FOB SIX OCLOCK THIS
EVENING
The House Also Talks on Silver in
Discussing the Needs of
the Indian
Associated Press Special Wire
WASHINGTON, Jan. 27.—Tomorrow
at 6 p. m. the senate will vote on the
Teller resolution and the pending
amendments thereto. When the senate
today took up the resolution the agree
ment made last week that the final vote
upon it should be taken before adjourn
ment today was changed In order that
all senators might have an opportunity
to speak. Tomorrow's session will be
gin at 10 a. m. and after 2 p. m. the
speeches will be confined to 1.1 minutes
each. Today's session continued for
more than six hours, the resolution be
ing under discussion throughout prac
tically the entire session. While the
speeches for the most part were studied
efforts the session was replete with live
ly incidents and spicy colloquies.
After agreement had been reached for
the vote on the Teller resolution, Mr.
Daniels resumed his speech begun last
evening. He made a legal argument in
support of the pending resolution, hold
ing that the law never contemplated
giving to the government's creditor the
option as to the kind of money he was to
be paid. The creditor would naturally
pick that dollar which was the most
valuable to him but if he did not know
which he would receive he would do his
utmost to maintain the parity of all
dollars. He enumerated the great men
who supported the resolution in IS7B,
beginning with the distinguished author,
Stanley Matthews, and concluding with
the present president of the United
States.
He thought, therefore, the attacks up
on the honorable motives of supporters
of the resolution now were ill timed and
unwarranted. He closed with a tribute
to the Democratic party.
Mr. Lodge followed Mr. Daniel. He
said he had always been an interna
tional bimetallist and was one now. He
had done everything in his power to
promote an international agreement, as
he believed that would do much to sim
plify the question. He was constrained
to believe, however, after hearing the
eloquent statement of the senator from
Colorado (Wolcott) that the attempt to
secure an international bimetallic
agreement had failed, temporarily at
least. He held, therefore, that the coun
try was confronted with two proposi
tions, one of which it would have to ac
cept. Either the existing gold standard
must be maintained or the country must
authorize free silver coinage. The latter
alternative means, said he, the disap
pearance of gold from circulation and
the placing of the country upon a sliver
basis.
It has now come to a contest between
the two standards. Mr. Lodge declared
that any change in the monetary stan
dard would fall with dire results upon
the masses of the people. The adoption
of the resolution and the enforcement
of its provisions, he thought, would be a
policy fraught with great danger to the
country and to the people.
Mr. Lindsay of Kentucky followed in
a set speech in support of the resolution.
Mr. Lindsay thought the question had
been answered. He held that the oppo
nents of the resolution had made a false
issue in endeavoring to make this reso
lution an important matter.
In a colloquy between Mr. Lindsay and
Mr. Caftery, the latter declared: "The
government is morally bound to pay its
obligations in the best money. If gold
should depreciate or silver should exceed
it in value, it would be a violation of
public faith to pay our obligations in
gold."
in reply to Mr. Lindsay's statement
that the opponents of the resolution had
forced the fight, Mr. Aldrich said the
senator from Kentucky is under a mis
apprehension. We did not bring this
resolution from Kentucky before the
senate. It was brought here by Mr.
Vest, one of your distinguished friends,
after it had been introduced by the sen
ator from Colorado (Teller).
"Three years ago it was introduced in
the house by the Hon. William J. Uryan,
1 $10,000 Worth Of Shoes Too Many i
With carloads of Shces now on the way from the east and a store crowded with Shoes, we find our- gap
selves overstocked, and must turn $10,000 worth of Shoes into cash at once. If price and quality will
pH count for anything we'll succeed. TOD A V starts the Greatest Clearance Sale of Shoes ever held in pH
kwls Los Angeles. Note a few of the prices, then come and see the Shoes.
<s2* . - —
Over 1000 pairs of Ladies' Kid Shoes, odds and ends; usually sold in COO pairs of the "Victor" Shoes for gents, satin calf ana new coin /kf
for from S2 to JS4. Will close them out for, TrOC toes, a dressy and durable shoe; we have too many of them. rj&B
Ksi» a pair , A pair < *)&P
Ladies' Hand-sewed Button Shoes, that sell everywhere for ?J. rt» | /r Gent's Satin Calf Shoes, warranted to be sclid as a rock, very rt» | A(■ VSg
%. We are going to close them out at, JK ] ,Q,> stylish, in all sizes; they sell regular for J2.50. Jh |
•Cn** a pair Now ,
Gjig-P Ladies' Juliets, fur trimmed, very pretty and comfortable, f\Q Gent's French Hand-sewed Shoes, made on "foot-form" last by SvdJj
just the thing for the house; worth S2. Vf>C Packard; sold everywhere for *5.
SkgS Now To close out for CjvjjP
°)°\° Over 6(X) pairs Ladies' Oxford Ties, including all sample pairs; /J» f f» Over 200 pairs of the celebrated Stacy Adams & Co.'s make fltZ drfS
some worth as high as #5 a pair; latest styles and JSI Shoes, too well known to describe; '•"r&P
colors. For, perpair W were JSS and $6 jp^o
Gent's, Ladies', Boys' and Girls' good quality black Tennis Shoes, 45c a pair. Boys' Satin Calf Shoes, all sizes, stylish and durable,
Ss»b $J a pair. Over 800 pairs Men's Shoes for $1.25 a pair, Misses' Dongoia Kid Patent Tip Shoes, to sell at 98c a pair. g|g
Ca// £ai7.j/ . . . Hundreds of Other Bargains
1 MAMMOTH SHOE HOUSE "aSSS" 1
the great leader of the Democratlo party,
and the discipline of your party Is so
strong and excellent that even the sen
ator from Kentucky Is now found fight
ing under Mr. Bryan's leadership."
"The senator from Rhode Island had
better look after his own leadership," re
plied Mr. Lindsay, "and not trouble
himself about mine."
"I don't expect," retorted Mr. Aldrich.
"that the senator from Kentucky will
ever vote under my leadership. Discip
line on that side of the chamber is too
strong for him ever to sever himself
from the Democratic party. I wish
that party loyalty were as strong on this
side of the chamber."
Mr. Wolcott, Republican, of Colorado,
was on his .feet in an instant. "The
senator from Hhode island," said he,
tartly, "expresses the wish that party
discipline were stronger on this side of
the chamber. I wish so, too, and I wish
that senators on this side of the chamber
would not go off from the tenets and
principles of the Republican party at the
behest of an Indianapolis convention, as
some of them have done."
Mr. Lindsay concluded his speech by
saying that he would vote In accordance
with his statements. He maintained that
the question presented was one of sim
ply law, and not in any sense on
morals. He held that If conditions
should so change as to work hardships
to the government creditors, that was a
misfortune, but not a violation of the
public faith.
Mr. Caffrey, Democrat, of Louisiana,
delivered an extended speech in opposi
tion to the resolution. Mr. Smith of
New Jersey followed Mr. Caffery. He
said that the adoption ol the resolution
was either misunderstood or the debate
had taken such a wide range as to sub
merge the question. He saw no neces
sity for the resolution.
Mr. Cockrell supported the resolution.
He discussed the question at some
length, taking up and defining various
financial enactments since 1870 to show
that United States bonds were prac
tically declared to be payable in silver.
The senate at the conclusion of Mr.
Cockrell's speech, adjourned at 6 p. m.
on motion of Mr. Vest until 10 a. in. to
morrow.
IN THE HOUSE
Signs of Rebellion Against Czar
Reed's Rule
WASHINGTON, Jan. 27.—The house
today finally succeeded In passing the
I Indian appropriation bill and the polit
ical debate which has been raging since
'Monday was transferred to the District
of Columbia bill which followed it. The
lonly two important changes made in the
I Indian bill as passed were the elimina
tion of the provision for the leasing of
the gilsonlte mines and lands of the
Kiowa, Comanche, Apache and Wichita
reservations, both of which went out on
points of order. The features of the de
bate today were the speeches of Hart
man (811. Hep ) of Montana in denuncia
tion of the financial policy Of the ad
ministration, and of Dolliver (Hep.) of
lowa in reply to the general attacks of
the opposition.
The senate bill granting an American
register to the barkentine Sharpshoote.
of San Francisco was passed.
A bill was passed making Santa Fe, N.
Mo the permanent capital of that Terri
tory.
Mr. Hitt, Chairman of the Foreign Af
fairs Committee, reported from his com
mittee that the Lewis resolution, calling
upon the President for the authority
under the constitution, under which he
negotiated a treaty that will bind the
treasury to pay $4,000,000 to the Hawaiian
bondholders. The Democrats mani
fested a desire to discuss the report, but
the question was not debatable and the
vote was taken by ayes and nays, upon
the demand of Mr.Dinsmore (Dem.),Ar
kansas, the senior minority member of
the Foreign Aifairs Committee.
The report was adopted and the reso
lution laid on the table—l 43 to 101.
At this Juncture Quigg (Hep.) of New-
York, as a question of privilege, replied
to Loud's charge, made yesterday dur
ing the controversy over the appropria
tion for letter carriers, that he (yuigg)
stated what was untrue when he said
that the prospective deficiency was the
exact sum which the appropriation in
the current law was below the estimates
of the department.
Loud declared that he stood by his
statement yesterday.
The bouse then went into committee
of the w hole and resumed consideration
of the Indian appropriation bill.
Hartman (Silver Rep.) sot the floor
on pro forma amendment and for fifteen
minutes he held the attention of the
house in a speech denouncing the Re
publican party for its position on the
linancial question. He ridiculed Secre
tary Gage's definition of bimetallism
in the latter's speech at Philadelphia
on Tuesday. The Republican party, he
said, foreclosed its right to use the term
bimetallism when the St Louis platform
was adopted. The whole drift of the
purpose and intent of this administra
tion had been avowed and proclaimed
by Secretary Gage before the banking
committee; it was to irrevocably com
mit the government to the gold stand
ard.
Hartman said he knew that many Re-
publicans were opposed to the retire
ment of the greenbacks.
"But," continued he, "what will they
do about it when the banking and cur
rency committee report the bill to re
tire greenbacks? If we may Judge the
future by the past, there Is little doubt
of the result. There Is no longer a
house of representatives," he cried In
stentorian tones, "it Is a house of reg
isters—lt is a house to register the will
of those who control it."
Mr. Hartman proceeded to give an ac
count of Republican history.
"A miserable scene," he denominated
that which occurred in 1894 when the
bond bill was before the house. "The
bill," he said, "had the endorsement of a
Republican platform, of a Republican
caucus.
"I was then," said he, "one ot the little
band of rebels solemnly pledged to vote
against the bill. Just before the vote
I was taken we counted noses und num
bered 74. I rejoiced that the bill was
beaten. The cloak rooms were tilled with
the mutterlnga of rebellion against the
domination of those in control. Then
suddenly the party whip began to crack
and the slaves filed out of the cloak
room one by one to vote for the bill
their consciences condemned. In this
house we should change the oath. In
stead of taking an oath to support, pro
tect and defend the constitution of the
United States and perform our duties to
the best of our ability we should at the
opening of each session swear to support,
protect and defend the constitution pro
vided we can obtain the consent of the
leading nations of the earth, and to per
form our duties, If the speaker will per
mit us to do so."
Mr. Hartman proceeded to say that he
had no criticism to make against Speak
er Reed personally. It was the system
he opposed, not the man.
"If we must have a tyrant," he said,
"Thomas B. Reed Is good enough for
me."
Again Mr. Hartman adverted to the
mutterings he had heard in the cloak
rooms against the tyranny exercised by
the speaker.
"I have told these complainants," said
Mr. Hartman. "time and again that if
they do not like the tyranny of the
si>eaker they should shear him of his
power."
"I am afraid the gentleman from
Montnna has got his cloak rooms
mixed," interposed Mr. Quigg, Repub
lican, of New York. (Republican
laughter.)
"Perhaps I have." retorted Mr. Hart
man. "but I give notice that those who
are mixing their cloak rooms now will
do so in 1898 and 1900, and triumph,
eventually upon declarations of the
Chicago platform and under the leader
ship of William J. Bryan." (Prolonged
Democratic and Populist applause.)
Mr. Barrett, Republican, of Massa
chusetts followed with some criticism of
the house rules, under which he as
serted the legislative functions of the
government had been transferred to the
senate end of the capltol.
Mr. Dearmond, Democrat, o£ Missouri
criticised the Cuban policy of the ad
ministration, and with fine sarcasm ridi
culed the official explanation of the visit
of the battleship Maine to Havana har
bor. This drew from Mr. Dolllver, Re
publican, of lowa an elopuent reply.
"The question of Cuba," said Mr. Dol
livcr, "is not a new question. For seven
years the administration of Orant was
called upon to deal with an insurrection
similar to that of today, and at the end
of that time, seven years of responsibil
ity, seven years of anxiety, of worry, in
messages sent to this house he vindi
cated the policy of the administration,
and warned the country that any inter
vention in the affairs of Cuba would be
not only unwise, but injurious. For my
part, I do not aspire to a larger patriot
ism than that which governed the of
ficial career of Ulysses S. Orant. For
my part. If I were looking for a wiser
patriotism, I would not resort to the
rural districts of Missouri (laughter).
My friend complains that the Repub
licans on this side of the house are under
a tyranny and the mastery of one man.
1 deny it.
"There is no authority that constrains
the Republican majority here except
the policy of the Republican party and
the administration of a Republican
president. My friend says that we are
slaves. It is a little peculiar that we
have K°t to go to Missouri for informa
tion in respect to the conditions of servi
tude under which we labor and under
which we have suffered so many months.
It is true we have a leadership in this
house, and I, for one, have very often felt
a certain sense of satisfaction that I
have not possibly expressed, that we
have a leadership of brains and charac
ter that men may follow, and follow
without any loss of self-respect (great
applause). I understand perfectly well
the failure and difficulty of my friend
from Missouri, and I appreciate it. The
only leadership the Democratic party in
this house has had is the leadership in
its own party. It was put into the
hands of a distingueshed young friend
of mine from Texas (Bailey), and he had
to fight for it every day at the extra ses
sion (laughter). One day the gentle
man from Kansas (Simpson) got it awuy
from him, and the next day the sceptre
of authority and Influence of party waa
seized by that picturesque -character
that has appeared among us from the
far distant coast of Washington (Lewis).
(Laughter.)
"The next day the gentleman from
Tennessee was fighting to see who
should have the leadership of the Demo
cratic party, while In the background,
always melodious and ready with hta
advice and ready to seise the falling
sceptre of his friend, was the gentle
man from Missouri (De Armond), who
has just taken his seat, and who in that
congress and in this has delivered more
speeches with more ease and less effect
than any man that has appeared In the
deliberations of congress for the ten
years that I have had the honor to serve
on this floor." (Great laughter and ap
plause on the Republican side.)
Without further amendment the com
mittee rose and the Indian bill was
passed.
I The house then Immediately went back
into committee, and took up the District
of Columbia appropriation bill. The
general debate drifted quickly into the
question as to whether prosperity had
come with the Dlngley law.
Mr. Greene, Populist, of Nebraska,
said that not a single farm product ex
cept wheat and wool was higher this
year than a year ago.
Mr. Grosvenor, Republican, of Ohio, as
the latest evidence of prosperity, called
attention to the 10 cents per ton advance
In the wages of coal miners agreed upon
at Chlcugo yesterday. That increase,
he said, affected 200,000 minerß.
Mr. Swanson, Democrat, of Virginia,
submitted some remarks on the situa
tion from the cotton industry in the
south, attributing the depression in the
north to the excessively high tariff du
tlese.
At 5:03 p. m. the house adjourned.
IN COMMITTEE
McKinley to Bid at the Kansas Pa
cific Sale
WASHINTON. Jan. 27.—The house
committee on Pacific railroads agreed
today to report what is known as the
Fleming resolution, concerning the sale
of the Kansas Pacific railroad, with
amendments embodying propositions
made hy Senator Thurston. As reported,
the resolution provides that the presi
dent, In his discretion, will protect the
Interests of the United States by bid
ding in the Kansas Pacific property to
the full umount necessary to protect
those Interests and any sums necessary
to redeem paranajount Hens are made
available out of the money In the treas
ury not otherwise appropriated. The
Thurston provisions, with modifications,
provide that after the government ac
quisition of the Kansas Pacific the pres
ident, in his discretion, may dispose of
the property to the best advantage for
the United States.
Representative Maguire of California
offered an amendment, which was de
feated by a party vote —6 to s—that on
a sale by the government the purchase
price should be the amount of the pres
ent liens and claims of the government.
in addition to the lirst mortgage. Fail
ing in this, Magulre secured the inser
tion of the words that the sale should be
to the best advantage of the United
States.
WANTS SILVER COIN
WASHINGTON, Jan. 27.—Secretary
Oage has sent to Chairman Stone of the
house committee on coinage, weights and
measures a letter in which he explains
the necessity for the enactment of sev
eral Important bills recently Introduced
in the house at his request and still pend
ing. He says the amount it Is permissi
ble under the existing law to allow the
melter and refiner and carrier of the
United States mints for wastage in their
operations of the precious metals is ex
cessive and should be reduced to one
half thousandth of the whole.
The demand for new fractional silver
coin since 1890 has been much greater
than the amount coined and the treas
ury has been compelled to pay out worn
out coin as the amount of new coins
I manufactured has been estimated by
the appropriation made for the payment
of loss on recolnage of such coin. There
are now In the treasury over $10,000,000
in subsiduary silver coins; of this
amount it is estimated that about $7,000,
--000 is unfit for circulation. A third bill
is to authorize the receipt of foreign gold
coin in sums of $5000 In any single de
posit and to pay for them without pre
viously melting the coin to be held as
bullion and paid out for export in ex
change for United Plates coin.
THE NAVAL BILL
WASHINGTON. Jan. 27.—1t Is re
garded as settled that the naval appro
priation bill now being framed by a
house committee will contain three Im
portant items, namely, $1,000,000 for
smokeless powder, $500,000 for reserye
ammunition and $88,000 for the estab
lishment of a government powder fac
tory. The matter of having an ample
supply of powder in order to meet the
requirements of our naval vessels In an
emergency has received careful consld
ration from members of the committee.
ANTI-SCALPING BILL
WASHINGTON, Jan. 27.—The senate
committee on interstate commerce
agreed to vote on the antl-scalping bill
at its meeting next Thursday.

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