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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, February 10, 1898, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042461/1898-02-10/ed-1/seq-1/

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TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR. NO. 133.
|Os Angeles Theater " \ H^K»S Ircß ' '
TONIGHT, Last Performance t7\ . Direction of
THE FAMOUS ORIGINAL C/jOStOTtiCtrtS FRANK L. i'ERLEY
;:;;;Z>oni 9 ht—ms*njt Pobin JVood.z:
Grand Chorua and Orchestra Ileautitul Scenery. Tasteful Costumes, Brilliant Kffccts.
| beats now on sale. Prices, a>c. talc. 750, tI.OU. tl. W. fij& Tel. Main 70.
9\ Los Angc.ca' SoololyVaudevlilo Theater
and Rimer, Comedy Acrobats; De
W w liavan, Juvenile Binglng Comedian; Almont and
Dnraont, Instrumental Hussars; Violet Dale, Hinging Soubretto and Acrobatic Dancer: I.ast
Week of Paulo and Dlka, Eccentric Vocalist; Barney and Russell. Character Artists; Maude
Iteßll Price, Vocalist and Monoioguo Artiste; Crlmrulns and Gore, Comedy Inventors.
PRICEH NEVER CHANGING. livening Reserved beats, 16 and f>o cents; Gallery, 10 cents.
Regular Matinees Wednesday, Hatiirdav anil Sunday Telephone Main 1447
Rurbank Theater . 5558 s F,SIIEK ' ManBßer -
The only theater in the city with heating facilltloa.
* mm fAe Popular ClMord Co Supporting....
The Sensational Kidnaping Scene, introducing a genuine back and horses, and the pollre
patrol. The great llrooklvn Bridge scene, showing four distinct views. M)isGB, HANOI'S,
SPECIALTIES. Prices, 15c, i»c, ftsc. Me I'lione Main IJ7>>
Qalirornla Limited
Puns
via Santa Jo Sloute \ 6**^
Leaves Los Angeles...B:oo a.m. Sunday, Tuesday and Friday • Other
Leaves Pasadena 8:25 a.m. Sunday, Tuesday and Friday i
Arrive Kansas City 6:10 p.m. Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday J ' i
Arrive St. Louis.... 7:00 a.m. Wednesday; Friday and Monday ™ \
Arrive Chicago 9:43 a.m. Wednesday, Friday and Monday \ MA _ . i L .. i in..! '
Thlsaplendld train Is for first class travel only, but there Is no extra charge, boyond the regular
ticket and sleeping-car rate. Dinning cars serve breakfast leaving Los Angeles. Vestlbulcd and
electric lighted. All tho luxuries of modern travel.
J&'te- Shaped TJrack..,
DONE IN A DAY ON THE TUESDAY SPECIAL
In addition to the regular train rervlce tho Sante Fe runs on every Tuesday a special express
train, taking In Redlands, Riverside and tho beauties of Santa Ana Canyon. Leaves Los Angeles
tt Oa. ro; leaves Pa«adepa at 9rH a. m. Returning arrives at Los Angeles at (10 p.m., Pasadena
t>:6o p. in., giving two hours stop at both Redlands and Riverside.
77. /7, .. /» ON THIS TRAIN AFFORDS PLEASANT
One Uoservatton l/ar opportunity for seeing the sights
San ID/'eyo and Coronado ffieach
THE MOBT BEAUTIFUL SPOT IN THE WORLD
Two daily trains, carrvlng parlor cars, make the run In about four hours from Los Angeles,
md on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday nights tbe Coronado Special will run. The ride is
iellghtful, carrying you for seventy miles' along the Pacific Ocean beach.
Santa Fe Route Office, 200 Spring* St., corner of Second.
£trlctly First-Class
...jfcotel Westminster...
Refurnished and Rebuilt. American and European Plan.
iteam Heat in every room. P. O. JOHNSON, Prop.
(Ostrich Farm . . South Pasadena . .
v NEARLY 100 GIGANTIC BIRDS OF ALL AGKt>.
Open dally to visitors Tips, Plumes, Boas and Capes for salo direct from the producer.
V. n. We have no agenev in lax; Angeles, and have lor sale the only genuine California feath
trs on the market, the most appropriate present to send oast.
Wilshire Park Paseball Cvoij/ Sunday, J;3O Tw r «Tftn'and e orand rk '
JAPAN IS VERY SORRY
3TJT CHINA MUST PAY THAT
INDEMNITY
>utrages by Brigands Give France a
Pretext for Demands on the
Helpless Chinese
LONDON, Feb. 9.—The Pekin corre
ipondent of the Times says:
The Japanese minister, Myano Furlno,
regretfully intimates to the tsung 11
■amen the Inability of his government,
taving regard to the obligations con
racted by Japan, to grant an extension
jf the time for the payment of the in
lemnity. Though no official statement
:ias been issued, the negotiations for a
oan from British sources are regarded
is having failed.
M. Duball. the French charge d'af
faires, has formulated some unreason-
able demands upon the tsung 11 yamen.
Among other things he insists upon the
payment of an indemnity to the family
af a Frenchman kidnapped in Tonquln,
as alleged by the Chinese by brigands,
and subsequently liberated. Eight days
have been given for a favorable reply,
in default whereof French action in the
south will become necessary. The reply
must necessarily be unfavorable, and
the Chinese are helplessly awaiting
French progress.
A CHINESE EDICT
NEW YORK, Feb. 9.—A dispatch to
:he Herald from Pekin says: The Im
perial edict issued at the demand of the
German Minister being held to be un
satisfactory, a second edict was issued
on Feb. 1. In this the Emperor expresses
regret at the murder of two German
missionaries at Kiao Chau. The unfor
tunate crime, he said, was committed by
bandits in Shan Tung province. He had
already punished the governor and local
Ilclals. Permission has been granted
j build three churches and seven houses
jr the missionaries and orders have
een issued to all officials to protect the
ilsslons. According to the treaty with
iermany there have been ceded to that
ountry the Bay of Kiao Chau and a zone
f territory thirty miles wide for the
onstruction of a railway 200 miles long
rom Kiao Chau to Chan Fu (Shan
'ung), th. capital of the province of the
ame name, together with mining priv
eges along the line of the railway.
HENRY'S PROGRESS
COLOMBO. Ceylon. Feb. 9.—The
ierman cruiser Deutschland arrived
ere last night and Prince Henry of
'russia landed this morning and pro
eeded to the government house.
THE FLEET MOVING
LONDON, Feb. 10—A dispatch to the
Jaily Mail nays the British fleet now at
Miemulpo will go to Nagasaki.
NO LOAN MADE
PKKIN, Feb. 9—The Idea of a loan
■n cither British or Russian guarantee
.as been definitely abandoned. The
allure of the British negotiations with
uch favorable terms seems due to dlp
imatlc bungling, and it Is the opinion
lere that stronger diplomacy is urgently
teeded.
The offer of a German Arm to negotl
ate a 6 per cent loan at 94 has been de
clined.
ADVICES BY STEAMER
VANCOUVER, B. C. Feb. 9.—Oriental
advices brought by the Empress of Chi
na tonight state that with the arrival of
reinforcements to the German squadron
at Kiao Chau the German force will
number about 4200 men.
There Is some disturbance at Chee Foo.
Some disbanded soldiers from Kiao
Chau bay have begun plundering In the
surrounding country. At Port Arthur
things are beglning to assume their nor
mal state. The port was for some time
also deserted, as the inhabitants feared
the repetition of the massacre that oc
curred during the war with Japan.
The Japanese government has con
tracted with the shipbuilding yard
Schlchau at Elblng for the building of
one large and eight small torpedo boats.
The Kokumin Shimbun states that
according to a private letter received
from Seoul, a rumor Is being circulated
to the effect that preparations are being
made at Vladlvostock for bodyguards
for the Korean emperor.
A new office for advising the Japanese
emperor and ministry in military and
naval affairs has been created, to be
known as the gensui fu, the members
of which will be chosen from among the
admirals or field marshals who have
rendered special services.
SPACE RESERVED
For California's Exhibit at the Omaha
Exposition
SAN FRANCISCO, Fob 9.—The joint
committee of the commercial and mu
nicipal bodies of San Francisco ap
pointed for the purpose of devising ways
and means to make a proper exhibit of
the resources of California at the Omaha
exposition was held today.
Mr. L. R. Hare of the Omaha Bee, com
missioner of the trans-Mississippi In
dustrial fair, was present, and informed
the committee that a site had been re
served by him for a California building,
and that a suitable building could be
erected for about $8000. The regular
price for space been been fixed at $1 per
square foot, but as an inducement the
managers of the fair would donate 1000
square feet, and ftsjed the rate for the
balance at 75 cents per square foot. It
was estimated that at least 10,000 square
feet would be required. The commit
tee is hopeful of making satisfactory ar
rangements to secure a satisfactory ex
hibit of the product of the state.
Prison Investigation
SAN QUENTIN, Feb. 9— The state sen
ate committee appointed for the purpose
of Investigating state Institutions has com
pleted Its work at San Quentin. Tho Juto
mill and all portions of the prison were
thoroughly examined and the members
of tho commission expressed their satis
faction with the manner In which the In
stitution Is being conducted by Warden
Hale. The committee suggested that the
parole law be continued. The consolida
tion of San Quentin prison and the Folsom
prison was opposed by Warden Hale, who
stated that there are now 1.140 prisoners at
San Quentin alone and It would be difficult
to control more In a single Institution. The
commission will visit Folsom on Friday,
McKinley Will Come
PHILADELPHIA, Feb. B.—The Univer
sity of Pennsylvania received word from
President McKinley that he will be pres
ent on February 22d at the annual function
of the university in celebration of Wash
ington's birthday, and will address the
faculty and students.
THE HERALD
LOW PRICE
FOR PORK
Does Not Frighten Mason
of Illinois
WHILE CUBAN WOMEN STARVE
i
ORDINABY BUSINESS MAY BE
IGNORED
-
The Cuban Questions Stir Senators to
Fervid Oratory—The House Seats
Aldrich of Alabama
Associated Pre3s Special Wire
WASHINGTON, Feb. 9.—For more
than three hours today the senate cham
ber rang with eloquent appeals in be
half of the Cuban insurgents. An
nounced speeches were delivered by Mr.
Cannon of Utah and Mr. Mason of Illi
nois in advocacy of the adoption of res
olutions which they presented to the
senate yesterday. Following Mr. Can
non's speech Mr. Hale of Maine ad
dressed the senate briefly, urging the
senate to uphold the polity of the ad
ministration.
The galleries were packed with people
who were aware that this would be a
field day of Cuban oratory.
While Mr. Cannon was speaking a sen
sational incident occurred. A member
of the house of representatives standing
near the speaker audibly denounced as a
He, seemingly, some statement Mr. Can-
non had made. Mr. Cannon, pale with
feeling, made reply to what, at the mo
ment, seemed an insult, hut which was
subsequently satisfactorily explained.
AN EXECTANT AUDIENCE
In anticipation of speeches on the
relations of the United States and Spain
concerning the Cuban war—a subject
of intense interest to a majority of
Americans—the galleries were crowded
at an early hour today. Indeed, the pub
lic galleries were filled before the Sen
ate convened at 12 o'clock and the re
served galleries filled rapidly soon after
noon. The interest was quite»evidently
not confined to the people in the galler
ies. When the Vice-President's gavel
fell, opening the session, a noticeably
larger number of Senators were present
than is usual so early in the day. The
notice given yesterday by both Senator
Cannon of Utah and Senator Mason of
Illinois, that they would address the
.Senate upon resolutions they had intro
duced, served as the magnet to draw
Senators from their committee rooms
early in the day's session.
Rev. Dr. Myers of London, England,
offered the invocation at the opening of
the session. Mr. Butler of North Caro
lina, presented an amendment to the Con
stitution, enabling Congr«ss to lay and
collect an income tax.
Mr. Allen presented and secured the
adoption of a resolution directing the
Committee on Judiciary to investigate
and report to the Senate whether the
order placing the employes of the print
ing office in the classified service is
proper.
Mr. Morrill of Vermont called up his
Joint resolution authorizing the building
of a statue of Liberty on the dome of the
capltol, and after some facetious re
marks on the gold and silver questions
by Senators Stewart and Chandler, the
resolution was adopted—3o to 22.
THE CUBAN QUESTION
The resolution offered by Mr. Cannon
of Utah yesterday urging the President
to notify Spain that if it fails to recog
nize the independence of Cuba before
March 4 next, this government would
then recognize the belligerent rights of
the Cubans and ninety days thereafter
assert the independence of the Cuban
Republic, was then laid before the Sen
ate and Mr. Cannon was recognized to
speak on the resolution.
Mr. Cannon, in opening his speech,
read from a New York newspaper a
statement In effect that the speeches to
be delivered today would amount to mere
talk and nothing more harmful than
LOS ANGELES, THURSDAY MORNING. FEBRUARY JO, JB9B
talk would result from the present agi
tation of the Cuban question In the Sen
ate.
Mr. Cannon said It was not his pur
pose—not the purpose of those who be
lieved with him—to disturb in any way
the peace and welfare of the people of
the United Stales. He did not, he said,
desire to reflect unnecessarily upon the
policy of the President, but there was a
phase of the question, in the opinion
of Mr. Cannon, raised by the newspaper
article to which he had referred, which
ought to be considered.
By what authority, he asked, could
any public journal say that nothing more
than talk would result from the con
sideration of the Cuban question in Con
gress?
"Has some concerted plan been ar
ranged," he asked, "by which the carry
ing into effect the will of the people of
this country is to be undone?"
"I want to say," said Mr. Cannon, con
tinuing, "thnt something more harmful
than talk will result from the discussion
of the Cuban question by Congress."
"These resolutions will strike men in
Congress and men In high places in the
administration. We have been told that
a policy In the treatment of this Cuban
question was to be Inaugurated that
would startle the country, but that policy
has not yet developed.
"War," continued Mr. Cannon, "is
ended in Cuba. The war that there ex
isted has developed into a brutal con
test of hunger."
Spain, he thought, had not the cour
age to pursue its operations against the
patriots in the field. The government
of Madrid was bankrupt, her greatest
statesmen had passed away and In the
conduct of the Cuban war, she had
adopted a policy to subdue her enemies
by bribery and starvation. Should the
efforts of Spain succeed, the result would
be to saddle upon the people of Cuba
the enormous debt of $400,000,000, a debt
that has been incurred in a vain effort
to subdue the,-plrit of liberty manifested
by the Cuban patriots.
After some discussion of the general
features of the Cuban question Mr. Can
non said: "I charge now that the pur
pose of the administration is in con
sonance with the wishes of the Spanish
bondholders and before pence is secured
SENATOR WILLIAM E. MASON
in Cuba, security for the payment of
that tremendous debt must be given by
the blood-stained island. That, I say,
appears to be the wish of the administra
tion, and I may say of Spain."
Referring to the situation as it was
presented when Mr. McKinley assumed
the presidency. Mr. Cannon said that it
was almost an earthly omnipotence
which tlie president possessed and pos
sesses now. The recognition of the
belligerent rights ot the insurgents
would have been of immense advantage
at any time during the present war, but
now such recognition would absolutely
terminate the terrible struggle. Mr.
Cannon thought it peculiarly significant
that every Spaniard and every Spaniard
sympathizer was opposed to the recog
nition of the belligerency of the Cuban
patriots, while every Cuban had main
tained from the first such recognition
would be of such advantage as to en
able them to wrest victory from what
otherwise might possibly be defeat.
"If the chief executive of this country
had dreamed when he entered upon his
duties of the power that was to be con
ferred by his oath upon him it would
scarcely have been possible for him to
conceive of a greater opportunity to set
a people free than was then presented to
him. His signature to a document would
now set tiiat people free. What is it that
stays the hand of McKinley? We have
waited long, but our waiting has been
in vain, our cup of waiting is now full."
A sensational interruption of Mr. Can
non occurred. There was a buzz of con
versation" among the spectators—mem-
bers of the house of representatives who
lined the inner walls of the senate cham
ber—when Mr. Hale of Maine addressed
the vice president. He expressed the
hope that order might be preserved and
tlie rules of the senate strictly observed.
Just as the interruption occurred Mr.
Cannon had made the sttement that
every rille In the hands of the Cuban
patriots had cost them $200. After quiet
had been restored, Mr. Cannon, whose
face was white as paper, and who was
evidently painfully affected by his emo
tion, said:
"I do not ordinarily object to remarks
of denial concerning statements which
I make on the floor: however, to a state
ment which I just made the audible com
ment was added that It was a lie. I care
less, Mr. President, for the remark than
for the spirit which actuated it. I reas
sert it as a solemn truth, that the Cuban
patriots have paid $200 for every rifle
(Continued on Page Two.) j
DICTATOR
BARRIOS
No Longer Rules Affairs in
Guatemala
DIES BY AN ASSASSIN'S HAND
VICE-PBESIDENT CABBEBERA
SUCCEEDS i
Details Given Are Meager—The San
Francisco Colony of Refugees
Express No Surprise
Associated Press Special Wire
NEW YORK, Feb. 9.—A Herald spec
ial from Panama, via Galveston, says:
A dispatch from Guatemala reports the
assassination of President Jose Maria
Relna Barrios, president of the Guate
mala republic.
The dispatch says the assassination
took place at 7 oclock last night, within
lot) yards of the president's palace. The
assassin is a German named Oscar Sol
inger.
First Vice President Manuel Estrada
Carberera has assumed the presidency.
All is quiet in the city, the dispatch says.
MEAGER BUT OFFICIAL
Special to The Herald
WASHINGTON, Feb. 9.—M. Arriga.
the Guatemalan minister to the United
States, this afternoon received an of
ficial cablegram from the minister of
foreign affairs of Guatemala, announc
ing the assassination of President Bar
rios and the succession to the presi
dency of Vice President Manuel Es
trada Carberera.
The dispatch came from Guatemala
City, the capital, where President Bar
rios has lived and the government de
partments are carried on. It added that
entire calm prevailed. This last as
surance, coupled with the Immediate
succession of the first vice president, In
accordance with the methods of the
country, is a special source of gratifica
tion to the Guatemalan officials here, and
to some extent alleviates the shock with
which they received tho news of the
tragedy.
[ The relations between the late presi
dent and the Guatemalan minister at
Washington, Senor Arriga, were much
more than of an official character. They
were close friends, and the death of the
president at the hands of an assassin
comes as a personal bereavement to the
minister.
Senor Arriga said Senor Barrios was
a man of wide attainments and marked
executive ability. He was 42 years of
age. The six-year term of service for
which he was elected terminates March
15th next, but the national congressional
assembly had already extended this
term for a further four years. The new
president, Mr. Carberera, is a man of
prominence in Guatemala, and is one of
two chosen by the congress to fill the
presidency in case of vacancy. The sys
tem of the country' is different from that
in the United States, there being no vice
president elected wdth the president.
The duty of filling the executive chair
devolves on the congressional branches.
Accordingly two vice presidents, first
and second vice presidents, were selected
some time ago. When the excitement
has passed a presidential election may
be held.
BARRIOS' RECORD
NEW YORK, Feb. 9.—General Maria
Jose Reina Barrios, president of the re
public of Guatemala, was born in San
Marcos in 1859. He was a nephew of
the former President Justo Ruflno Bar
rios, who was killed in 1885. The gen
eral was educated abroad, and after his
collegiate course he made a trip around
the world. In his ideas he was always
was liberal, and when the Conserva
tive party was ousted he was a close ad
herent to his uncle's principles. In the
ensuing war of federation, the purpose
WHAT DUPUY DE LOME SAID
Which Makes It Necessary That Spain Should Select
a New United States Minister
WASHINGTON, Feb. 9.—The following are the objectionable
paragraphs in the letter written by Minister de Lome to Jose
Oanalejas, editor of El Heraldo de Madrid:
"The message has undeceived the insurgents, who expected
something else, and has paralyzed the action of congress, but
I consider it bad. Besides the natural and inevitable coarseness
with which he repeats all that press and public opinion of Spain
has said against Weyler, it shows once more what McKinley
is—weak and catering to the rabble, and besides, a low poli
tician, who desires to leave the door open to me and to stand well
with the jingoes of his party. Nevertheless, as a matter of fact,
it will only depend on ourselves whether he will prove bad and
adverse to us.
"I agree entirely with you that without military success noth
ing will be accomplished there, and without military and political
success there is here always danger that the insurgents will be
encouraged, if not by the government, at least by part of public
opinion.
"It would be most important that you should agitate the ques
tion of commercial relations, even though it would be only for
effect, and you should send here a man of importance in order
that I might use him to make a propaganda among the senators
and others in opposition to the junta and win over exiles."
INDEX
TO TELEGRAPHIC NEWS
Men whom Worden accuses of
complicity In crime make haste
to deny the charges.
Chicago Congregatlonallsts for
give Dr. Brown and will retain
him for their pastor.
Fire at Pittsburg. Pa., kills six
people, injures many, and causes
a loss exceeding $2,009,000.
Cuban questions stir senators
to feverish debate; the house
seats Aldrich of Alabama by a
party vote.
Dictator Barrios of Guatemala
assassinated. The meager de
tails cause no surprise among
refugees at San Francisco.
L. A. W. delegates in session
at St. Louis devote the first day
to discussion of road improve
ment questions.
Japan regretfully informs
China that the war indemnity
must be paid according to agree
ment; France finds a pretext for
demands on China.
Hlanoo officially welcomed at
Cuban towns through which he
passes: a filibustering steamer
leaves New York for the island
with a cargo of arms.
Zola's trial at Paris causes the
usual scenes of disorder; govern
ment officials refuse to testify on
grounds of professional secresy.
Continuation of testimony in
the Martin murder case.
Luetgert found guilty and sen
tenced to imprisonment for life;
the murderer receives the verdict
with a laugh and expresses con
fidence that the supreme court
will give him a new trial.
Minister de Lome does not deny
writing the letter produced by the
Cuban in which gross
criticism of McKinley Is Indulged
In. Minister de Lome will be asked
to trot back to Spain, and to
start pretty soon.
of which was the unification of the Cen
tral American states, the general was
placed In command of a division of the
Liberal troops. During the war of 1885,
when his uncle, the president, was
killed, the general succeeded him as
commander of the forces. Later on.
when President Barillas was In control,
he banished the young general from
Guatemala, and he went direct to Cali
fornia, residing in San Franclcso for
abotit a year. Nine years ago General
Barrios was consul in Hamburg, Ger
many. In 1892 he succeeded BarrLllas as
president, his term of office (six years)
expiring in March of this year. Last
June he publicly declared himself dicta
tor of Guatemala. His partisans say
that under his administration the coun
try prospered extensively.
REFUGES NOT SURPRISED
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 9.—The news
of the assassination of President Jo.se
Maria Relna Barrios of Guatemala cre
ated considerable excitement In thiß
city today, as both the murdered presi
dent and his wife were well known here,
and also because a number of San Fran
cisco merchants have extensive Inter
ests in that republic.
To the little colony of refugees who
fled from Guatemala some months ago
and located in this city to escape the
wrath of the dictator, the announcement
was not so surprising, as the insurgents
threatened some time ago to kill Bar
rios before the expiration of his term on
March 15.
At the time of his election to the
presidency. Barrios was residing tem
porarily in this city, and during their
year's residence here he and his wife, an
American lady whom he married In New-
Orleans, made many staunch friends.
Mrs. Barrios was in San Francisco w hen
her husband proclaimed himself dicta
tor in June last, ostensibly en route to
Europe, but she did not cross the Atlan
tic, and soon after the news of his proc
lamation had been received here she re
turned to Guatemala.
Private dispatches were received here
from Prospero Morales, formerly leader
of the insurgents in Guatemala, to the
effect that he was en route to this city.
He had been informed of the death of
Barrios, but disclaimed all knowledge
of the assassination.
AN OPPONENT'S VIEW
NEW YORK, Feb. 10.—A dispatch to
the Times from Mexico City says: News
reached here that General Prospero Mo
rales, formerly secretary of war under
General Barrios, and later head of the
unsuccessful rebellion against the die-
on Page Six.)
Tee Pages
PRICE FIVE CENTS
DE LOME'S
EPISTLE
Makes a Great Stir Among
the Officials
HIS COMMENTS ON M'KINLEY
OF A KIND WHICH CANNOT KB
TOLERATED
The Spanish Minister Will Be Asked
to Pack His Traps and Hie Him
Back to Spain j
O WASHINGTON, Feb. 9.—(Special O
O to The Herald.) The Spanish gov- ©
O ernment has recalled its minister at O
O Washington and will formally dls- O
O avow Ihe sentiments In the Canele- O
© Jas letter. Minister de Lome has ©
© fully admitted the authenticity of O
© the letter to Assistant Secretary O
O Day. He attempted no evasion of O
o reeponMMUty for his criticisms of the o
© president, but protested that they O
O were purely confidential expressions ©
O to a personal friend, and that Spain ©
O must not he considered at all re- O
O sponsible for them. O
O De Lome will not go to the state ©
0 department again, nor will he pre- O
© sent his letters of recall personally. O
O His functions as Spanish minister at O
1 © Washington have already practical- O
O ly terminated, but It will be Wood- O
© ford's privilege to make formal an- ©
O nouncement by cable to the state O
O department, together with Sagas- ©
© ta's disavowal of official dlscour- ©
© tesy. O
O O
© WANTS TO QO HOME ©
© «
© PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 9.—(By ©
© Associated Press.) Special dls- ©
© patches from Washington received ©
© in this city Btate that Minister de ©
© Lome cabled his resignation to the ©
© Spanish government once yesterday ©
© and twice today, but up to a late ©
© hour he had received no reply from ©
© Madrid. ©
CAUSE AND EFFECT
WASHINGTON, Feb. 9.—The publica
tion in the morning newspapers of what
is supposed to be an autograph letter
written by Senor de Lome, the Spanish
minister, to his friend Canalejas, criti
cising the president with the utmost
freedom, caused a sensation in official
Washington, and soon will be followed
by Minister de Lome's departure from
the United States. At the outset there
was a disposition to question the authen
ticity of the letter, but as bit by bit cir
cumstantial evidence accumulated until
It was finally announced officially that
the minister declined to deny the authen
ticity of the letter, all doubt was dis
sipated, and the only question that re
mained was as to the line of action to
be pursued by aur government toward
the offending minister.
The writing of this letter is unques
tionably an offense against the ameni
ties of diplomatic relations, and such
offenses have almost Invariably been
regarded in the United States, as in
other countries, as sufficient grounds for
the termination of the official status of
the letter-writer.
As soon as the letter appeared In tha
press the state department officials be
gan an effort to settle its authenticity,
and when they had learned all that
could be developed on this point, and
had been told that the minister himself
refused to deny writing it, the consid
eration of the next step began. Assist
ant Secretary Day was In consultation
with the president on the subject at
least four times during the official day,
und then spent much time in framing his
message to United States Minister
Woodford at Madrid. The official state
ment of the sending of this message was
accompanied by a declination to indi
cate its contents at this time, the de
partment merely giving to the press tha
following statement:
"Minister DeLome does not deny writ
ing the letter. This department has
communicated with Gen. Woodford on
the subject. Until that communication
reaches the Spanish government it would
be improper to in any manner state the
contents of the message to Gen. Wood
ford.".
While the department has refused to
add to this meager announcement, \%
can be stated without question that
Gen. Woodford was directed to lay tha
facts developed before the Spanish gov
ernment, together with the statement
that in view of the minister's refusal tb
deny the authorship of the letter, the
Spanish government is looked to with
confidence to deal with the case proper
ly. This amounts to an Invitation to
recall the minister, presuming that he
himself has not already taken steps to
vacate his position. No doubt Is enter
tained of a compliance with the im
plied suggestion, but in case there should
be undue delay in acting the state de
partment would feel called upon to move
directly in the matter and give the min
ister his passport, as was done with
Sir Julian Pauncefote's predecessor, who
wrote the celebrated Murchison letter.
DE LOME IS SILENT
At the Spanish legation every avenue
of inquiry as to the letter is closed. The
Minister positively declines to be seen
concerning the subject. He will neither
affirm nor deny the accuracy of the let
ter as a whole or! in part. Neither has
he given any statement denying or af
firming the letter.and can be stated that
published statements purporting to give
denials are inaccurate and unwar
ranted.
OFFICIAL COMMENTS
"In the absence ot any official infer*

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