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HOW THE DAM BROKE.
YOUNGSTER'S EXCITING EXPERIENCE AND . NARROW ESCAPE. He Is a stout, middle-aged man now, and in his life has had many interest ing experiences, but none more exciting than those he passed through on the night the dam went out, and the fol lowing day. The pond held back by the dam was altogether the greatest feature of the village In which he lived. It covered twenty or thirty acres, being quite big enough to furnish boating and good places tar swimming in the summer. While to the -winter Its frozen surface afforded skating for all the villagers. Naturally it was chiefly as a source of amusement that the youngsters of the place were interested ln the pond, but the older Inhabitants looked upon it with pride from other and quite dif ferent viewpoints. The smooth surface of the water, in which long rows of willow trees were beautifully reflected, added much to the attraction of the place and brought many a desirable new resident, while the power of the stream which made the pond possible turned the wheels of all the little town's modest indus tries save one. The foundry, indeed, was fitted with a steam engine for blowing the blast of the cupola. But the grist mill, the saw mill and the sash and blind factory were operated by waterwheels; and all the ready cash, except that put in circulation by the farmers round about, was brought to the place In return for the products of these industries, paid out in the torn of wages, and, in turn, given over to the general store keepers for groceries and other necessaries of life. It is not surprising, under these cir cumstances, tlhat every one in the vil lage and for miles about was Interested in the dam and the pond. In the sum mer, wihen the stream was low and the mills and the factory had to shut down partially or altogether, there was gen eral gloom; for wages stopped and money wns scarce. In the spring and fall, during the heavy rains, there was general anxiety lest the men who were constantly employed to watch the dam should grow careless, or the rush of water become too great for control. Yet for years and years the village survived each season's period of low water, and the caution of the men who watched the dam was sufficient to pre vent disaster. But at last there came a ELLEN OSBORN'S FASHION LETTER. New ToTk, Feb. 11.—The dressmak ers, buyers and heads of dry goods departments who sailed for Paris after Christmas are returning, and the de signers who retired into their inner consciousness to evolve ideas are emerging; bo that it will be possible shortly for women who like to get their work "done up early" to provide them selves with a spring outfit and be free from dress worries. Whatever may have been true in the past, it Is not true now that the wo men of best social position devote any undue proportion of their time to their wardrobes. There is a period in tho late winter and another in the early au tumn when dresses are planned and ordered with an eye to form and color and a nice sense of suitability to the person and to occasions that have be come part of a cultivated woman's education. In the midseason there arc, probably, gaps to fill or necessary re plenishments; but aside from these, once an outfit has been prepared, the subject is dismissed from tho mind. "Why, bless you, child," said a wo man whose rank in the social world could hardly be questioned, when asked by a young visitor to take her shop ping, "that's something for which I canH find time!" A little while ago, when times were hard in the South, a Southern woman from a "busted boom" town was stay ing with a Northern sister and was , urged to have some dressmaking done. She refused, saying that not a woman In her set could afford good clothes and that she couldn't look her friends in the face unless she were respectably shabby. A feeling not wholly unlike this limits the number of gowns bought by some women who do not have to consider money. A successful toilette calls for such perfection of fit, such delicacy of color, harmonies and con trasts, such thought in the selection of ornaments and such care in every de tail that many women who are rigor ously exacting as to what they buy are equally careful not to buy profusely. Said a woman of this order recently, time of bad luck to the village, and then occurred the experience so vividly remembered by Charles Waterbee, Esq. A SPRING STORM. It ma in the spring. The water was already high from the melting of the snows up the valley, but the ioe had fortunately gone out without doing rmich damage, and the villagers hoped the worst of the season's danger was over. BLill, there were some forebod- ings, and the boy heard 'Squire Fore man say, late in the afternoon, that he hoped the 'threatened rain would hold off till the water had prone down a lit tle. As darkness set in, however, the raindrops began to fall with a steady monotonous beat on the roof and the windows, and later in the evening lulled the boy to sleep as he lay in his trun dle-bed close under the eaves. Some time in the middle of the night the boy was awakened by a roar which he thought at first was thunder. It was so loud that it frightened him; so he jumped out of bed and ran down stairs. Neither his father nor his mother were In the house. Then he perceived the roar to be caused by the rain, wfhich had grown to something very like a cloudburst. But evidently something more than a mere rainstorm was going on, and, without stopping for an urn '"Every dress costs so many hours that I dare not appear before my friends ln too many, else they will feel that I am squandering all my rime." Women like this keep up with the world's progress. Even if they did not, it they had no hobbles in education, art or philanthropy, the exactions of society, life itself would leave them less time to spend upon dress than is consumed by many women of smaller means who save a little money at bar gain counters and special sales at the cost of much nerve force and vitality. Economy of life commends the so ciety woman's plan of settling dress questions, so far as possible, twice a year. The custom of the best society approves the purchase at these buying periods of a moderate number of cos tumes, varying with the demands of one's position, as artistically beautiful as taiste can make them. A profession of too costly and unsuitable clothes marks the snob as plainly as neglect of the dress marks the person of little sensitiveness or refinement. In early buying this season there are things to avoid. The success of the broad, striped sashes in Roman colors, which light up dark dresses amazingly, has led to the bringing out of dress silks in stripes and plaids of monstrous dimensions. In large, high rooms some of these might do for wall hangings, but considered as costumes, even for giantesses, they are things to shudder at. Spring dresses Will be made with overskirts; but these will be as long as the underskirts, perhaps lifted at some point to show the contrasting material. A graceful design that appears with many varieties among the early models has a princess overdress opening in front over an underdress and bodice of a different color. I have by me some fine old prints of French and Italian costumes in the sixteenth century, from any one of a number of which this idea might have been adapted. One of the Infants of Spain ln 1598 shows a satin petticoat hemmed with a broad jeweled brella, or even to ask permission—as no one was there to grant it—he dressed and went out Into the storm. For so small a place the streets were crowded, and he soon saw that all were headed in the direction of the dam. At first he was puzzled, but after a little he found that the structure upon which the village depended for prosperity was ln danger ot being carried away, and that mast of the able-bodied men ln the town were being pressed into service to avert the impending disaster. Of course so small a lad as he could hardly be of assistance, but he saw no reason why he should not see the fun, and followed gaily on, soon finding other lads of his acquaintance who looked upon the sit uation as he did. INEFFECTUAL STRUGGLES. The night was so dark that for a time after reaching the vicinity of the dam he found it not easy to make out much. Rut he could hear a good deal and see something. The roaring had Increased a thousand fold. In his little room It had come mostly from the falling of the Breaking of the Dam. rain upon the roof; here It was pro duced chiefly by the rushing of tbe tor rent over the dam's broad sluiceway. Little by little, as his eyes grew accus tomed to the darkness, he could discern a much bigger volume of foaming white water going over the dam than he had ever before seen. The task of the men who were trying to save the dam would not ordinarily have been a difficult one, for the only thing they could do was to raise the great mass of planking which formed the "waste-gate." If it could be opened the water would go out, the pressure would be reduced, and the dam could be saved. If the gate could not be opened there was every reason for fearing that the structure would be carried away. But the gate had not been moved for some months, and though it was built with special reference to easy handling bond. The overskii't of richly figured brocade flows back from the front and just touches the ground. It is trimmed up and down the sides with gold thread embroidery. LOS ANGELES HERALDi SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 20, 1898, New Gowns for the Spring Season. In such an emergency as now presented Itself, it stuck obstinately In its ways; the twenty or more men who were throwing their weight upon its levers were quite unable to move it. The wa ter rose higher and higher as worked; there were shouts of encour agement from those on the shore who could not get an opportunity to work; there were cries of, "Now, all together, boys! Let her go!" Then there were murmurlngs in the crowd that unless the men were soon successful the water would rise above the sluiceway and be gin to pour over other parts of the dam. If that happened all were lost, because the dam was mainly a simple bank of earth which would speedily crumble un der the rushing water. "AWAY SHE GOES." Young Waterbee had never been so excited In his life. Of course he was drenched to the skin, but ho knew noth ing about that, for his excitement had fairly brought on a fever. His own father was one of the most prominent at the wastegate's lever, and the boy watched him proudly as he worked and directed the others. Suddenly there, came a cry from the waitcher on the dam's dirt bank. "She's over the dam, boys; It's no use. Hun, If you want to save your selves!" The men at the lever hesitated for a few moments, working more frantically than ever and determined not to give up. But those on the shore, seeing the danger more clearly, rushed nut and fairly dragged the frantic laborers from their dangerous post. This movement was none too soon, for while the last man was still at the lever, the big bank toppled over and gave way with a bel lowing crash beside which the previous roar wias a whisper. Fortunately, none of those who had been at the waste gate failed to escape, but the crowd set up an agonized groan as its members, saw at least six months of prosperity go swirling down the valley,—a con fused mass of boiling, muddy water, uprooted willow trees and timber. A little later the crowd heard ominous crashings from below, as the wall of water and mud struck the buildings below the dam that stood ln Its resist less way; and then everybody knew that the disaster was even worse than they had feared. FISH AND QUICKSAND. It was a curiously desolate scene upon which the clear sun of the next morning arose. Where the millpond's smooth surface had stretched the day before, there was now a vast and mud dy depression. Of tHe dam nothing was left but two ragged ends. Scattered over the bottom of the pond were little pools, and those were literally filled with Ash, —bullheads, pickerel, sunflsh, and eels mostly; there were loads and loads of them. Many also were to be seen gasping upon the mud a long way from any water; and the boy 3, Includ ing young Waterbee, made a rush for them. Of course most of the lads explored the muddy bottom without permission, and young Waterbee's parents had spe cially forbidden him to go out. I have It from his own lips that it was his first intention to respect the prohibition; but the mud and the fish were too tempting,—he forgot the warning words, and soon found himself, with the other boys, gathering up armfuls of the scaly, flapping creatures. While his fun was at its height, he stepped upon a smooth glistening spot to reach for a specially large pickerel lying in a shallow pool. The surface felt queer when he stopped on It. and in a moment he sank bo his ankles. When he tried to raise his feet he found that impossible. There was a strange, strong suction, the like of which he had never before experienced. He called to the boy nearest him, and the boy came to him help. In a moment the latter, too, was fast and both were gradually sink ing. They both cried for help, and then they heard somehodv yell: "Quicksand! Quicksand! Get planks and pull the boys out." But it took men to do this, and be fore they had arrived and accomplished their task, the two boys were engulfed to their necks and almost exhausted with fright. A sorrier looking pair of youngsters when they were at last rescued was never seen in that village—and it may be added that there were never two more disgusted boys, either. Young Waterbee's friend had to suffer the added misfortune of a thorough thrash ing for his reckless disobedience, but Waterbee's father and mother decided thet he had been punished enough. And to this day he thinks they were right. Copyright, 1898, by Bacheller Syndicate. The overskirt of twenty years ago copied the ugly panniers of their sixteenth century originals, but failed to copy tho longer flow of the draper ies; ending below the knees, they out LATEST SCHEME FOR DRILLINC OUR SOLDIER BOYS. Lieut. Butts Claims That With the Aid of Music the Drill Move ments of a Body of Men May Attain the Precision of a Perfect Machine. "*T"HER.E has Just been inaugurated ( in the Fifth United States Infan- I try a practice which has hereto- I fore been considered largely im practical—drilling to music; not the music of the bugler with which every one is familiar, but music by the band. The originator of this Idea, Lieut. Ed win L. Butts, of the Fifth Infantry, be lieves that In this he has found a plan to make the drudgery of garrison work less irksome and at the same time pro mote efllciency In the drill. Heretofore the soldiers have gone through the manual of arms without perfect regularity and precision, follow ing the commands and handling the guns in the best manner they could and according to the tactics prescribed for them. It should be remembered, by the way, that the famous Upton's tac tics are no longer the vogue In the United States army, but rather those laid down in what is called tho "Man ual of Physical Training for the United States Army," by the same Lieut. Butts who originated the musical drill. Lieut. Butts believes in the utiliza tion of music wherever possible and states that fact in his manual, but no attempt has hitherto been made to carry the plan out in detail. The rul ing military tactics do not say what time shall be kept by the soldiers to the movements of the drill, nor that all the men in the company shall mak? each movement together. The musical idea, however, makes this entirely feas- ible, and really comes nearer to the military idea of perfection—a machine —than ever found possible heretofore in general army drill. Down at Fort McPherson, Ga., where this drill takes place, when the time for the evolutions comes, the band places itself in front of the regiment, where all the men in the rank can hear the mu sic Then the chosen strains are heard and the soldiers execute each move ment in exact accordance with the time kept by the leader of the band. The effect is really inspiring. the figure sadly. The overdresses of IS9B will omit the panniers but revert to the stately length of the days when hurry and rush were unknown. It is an Interesting fact, that in the days from which we take the overskirt Each beat of the time is a sign for a movement of the gun. and it is a not able fact that the men who have the least Idea of musical time have no dif ficulty whatever in being entirely uni form in the drill movements. At no time has the band played lively airs,— at least up to the present. By and by, when the soldiers become proficient, the time will be increased, for it Is the in tention to drill to faster and faster music until the limit has been reached. The old army tactics, Upton's, con tained a provision that the manual of arms should be executed by numbers. In this ca3p each soldier counted and each movement had a number. In this way the men were able after great practice to execute the drill with pre cision and exactness. The only trouble was that they would often miss a num ber and in that way fail to keep to gether. Now, with the help of the band and one time for all, the soldiers are able to count exactly, and the drill move ments are accordingly executed with regularity. To appreciate the new rifle drill, it is necessary to understand what the soldier must know and do ln the hair was dressed much as it is now, turning back from the face and stand ing out at the sides. The underskirt of 189R is three yard* and a half round. The outer skirt la much wider. Sleeves will become even smaller than they are and ruffles will continue rampant. Dresses for all for mal occasions are made long, but the Instinct of self-preservation stands out for short street dresses. Spring hats, as thus far displayed, are almost evenly divided between the ugly pork-pie shapes affected this win ter and straight brims. Fanciful toques in coarse grass and ribbon straws are numerous. Some are extremely pretty; others look as If they had been crushed in the two hands and then tied up with ribbons and flowers. A satin crown, a willow brim and a mass of white vio lets Is a favorite combination. Large black hats are trimmed with tulips. A wide hat in reseda straw has knots of .orange velvet under the brim and is trimmed with orange and pale yellow jouqulls. A dress which forms part of a Feb ruary bride's trousseau is of powder blue cloth with a separate undenskirt of red silk trimmed with narrow ruffles. The overskirt is brightened by red rib bons run about it at intervals and held by hurt toned tops of blue. At one side are sash ends of the cloth—a newer fancy than ribbon sashes; these are edged by red silk ruches. The bodice is of powder blue silk with a front of white lace, upon which opens a sur plice front of red silk drawn down straight on one side, draped across and edged with a silk ruche on the other. The hat for wear with this costume 13 of blue straw with black ostrich plumes. A visiting dress recently finished and beautiful in color is of a delicate pearl grey cloth with an underskirt of silk covered with green chiffon. The prin cess overdress opens down the front and is trimmed with an exquisite vin* embroidery in grey, brown and old rose. The bodice has open fronts of grey cloth with guimpe of chiffon over silk. There Is a high cloth collar with square revers upon the shoulders. A four-in hand tie of green velvet reaches to the waistband. ELLEN OSBOB.N, . Copyright, 1898, by Bacheller Syndicate. response to the call of the music. Here, for Instance, aro what are called the exercises of the first set of the drill: At first note raise rifle smartly to ohest two inches below chin, elbows close to sides, wrists well bent back. Lunge well out to left oblique, left foot leading, at same time extend rifle for ward, barrel to rear. Carry rifle to chest, wrist bent back. Turn to right about on heels. Extend rifle forward. The New "Drill by Music." Carry rifle to chest. Carry left foot to right, and face to original front. Drop rifle to ready. In all lunging the rear foot remains flat on the ground, leg well straightened out. That is the first exercise. This is the second: At first note bend trunk of body forward, legs remaining straight and If possible touch ground with rifle. Swing rilie well out to front and over head, arms and legs remaining straight, wrists bent well back, eyes on rifle, back hollowed. Swing rifle down and then trunk forward to position as at first note. Drop rifle to shoulders be hind neck, forcing chest well forward, eyes directed to the front. Resume po sition. Drop rifle to chest. Drop rifle to ready. The first four movements are executed slowdy, the last four rapidly. The third exercise is as follows: At first note carry left foot about fifteen inches to the left, turn body to tha left on hips, rising well upon right toe, left foot fiat on ground, and swing rifle to left to horizontal position over head, back hollowed, wrists well bent back, eyes on rifle. Swing down across body and over head to right, arms remain ing 3iraight, the reverse position of first movement. Repeat to include 16th count. The fourth exercise is: At first note lunge directly lo the left, left foot be ing planted about 36 Inches to the left; at same time swing rifle over head, arms remaining extended, wrists bent well back, back hollowed, eyes on rifle. Lunge directly to the front, left foot leading, and tako position just de scribed. Lunge directly to the right, right foot leading, and take same posi tion as before. Lunge directly to the front, right foot leading, and take for mer position. In lunging the leading foot should not be planted so as to Jar. When the exercise is understood so aa to be executed together, the foot should lightly strike the ground so as to en able a quick return to ready. The fifth exercise is the same as tha first, substituting the words right for left and left for right. "The drill by music," says Lieut. Butts, in reply to a question addressed to him as to the result of the drill, "is easily learned. It affords the utmost precision, and, what is more important, renders valuable und necessary physical training attrac tive, obtains unconsciously hard work from each man, and thus produces the results aimed at. "The ride drill Is considered superior to other forms of physical exercise for the soldier. It brings all the muscles or the body into play and teaches each soldier to become expert in handling and manipulating his weapon of war fare. Such an exercise is found to ob viate the necessity of the former set ting up drill. It affords variety in gar rison work to the various company, battalion and regimental drills, and as a rule is looked upon with much favor by the enlisted men." The drill by music will not hereafter be confined to rifle drill, but '-will bo equally applicable to the army system of eali.sthenlc exercise, dumb bell and other athletic drills. Copyright, 1898, by Bacheller Syndicate.