Newspaper Page Text
SEVEN TRUE STORIES OF ODD FACTS.
RESCUING A DROWNING MAN BY THE ELECTRIC LIGHT. NOT all the novel electrical Inven tions are products of American ingenuity. Of <--»urse the Yan kees lead, and always will; but they have a cueer idea now and then across the water. For In stance, In Paris they are now rescuing the drowning by electricity. Fishing For Men With an Illuminated Boathook. This Cow Dined on Hardware. The cow Is striving to rival the goat in point of appetite. Thus far, it Is in about the Same proportion as tho goat rivals the cow on the milk ques tion. Nevertheless. If the predilection for hardware developed by a Georgia cow grows among the kine there is no knowing where it will stop. The particular cow referred to Is owned by Mr. Reuben Smith at La Grange, Ga., and although she is dead and gone the way of all beef, her mem ory bids fair to live after her, owing to the discovery made by those who dissected her. Look at the accompany ing picture and it is not hard to fathom the reason why. Any cow that could eat ten penny nails, staples from a barbi-u wire fence and a brass medal with the face of Grover Cleveland stamped on one side is c-rtainly worth a niche in the gallery' of farm, not to mention a few echoes in tl*» Malls of Time. No one knows how long this hard ware diet had been cultivated by Jlr. Smith's cow. He remembers now his attention is called to it that nails left about the cowshed mysteriously disap peared on various occasions. Then he thought some one must have needed them or a small boy made a discovery, but now he is convinced that he has wronged every one in favor of his cow. To show conclusively what the cow really did do. here is a list furnished by Sir. Smith himself of just what he found in the animal's stomach: One brass medal, ornamented with the picture of ex-President Cleveland; Six shingle nails: Three staples, picked from a barbed wire fence; Three horseshoe nails; After this astonishing discovery was made, the cow's stomach was carefully examined to see what effect the taking Any person who has ever had the thrilling experience of witnessing a narrow escape from drowning may re member tihe awful moment when the Imperilled being disappears beneath tho water. So long as he can be seen struggling upon the surface, though all the Fates may be dragging him down, of such substances into it bad had. Contrary to expectation, it could not be learned that any injury' whatever had resulted. Neither did the articles themselves show evidence of having been where they were found any great length of time. For all they showed, the cow might have been eating hard ware for years. it really demonstrates that the scien tific opinions regarding the possibilities of the stomachs of animals are guess work to a certain extent. It has been held concerning the cow's stomach, for instance, that it was very tender, when the variety of food the animal ate was considered. But to the lay mind to say that the stomach of any animal that can digest hardware is tender, seems bordering on the verge of nonsense. is there any reason, therefore, to sup pose that the stomach of the cow can not hereafter be classed with those of the ostrich, the goat and the camel? It really seems as if the cow might, in a measure, 1 if come a scientific problem. Copyright, 1S!>8, by Btuihelier Syndicate. Bismarck's Dogs. Prince Bismarck is famous for his wonderful dogs. They are his almost constant companions. One of them, a massive hound, twice saved his mas ter's life, and accompanied him to the conference between the Emperors of Germany and Austria. It has been said of this dog that during the meeting of the monarohs, "he behaved himself with the courtesy and reserve that would have done credit to the most ac complished diplomat of them all." Prince Bismarck feeds his do«s himself, and it is stated that they often dine at his own table. He also admits them to his study, and treats them generally with as great kindness as he would treat human companions. Georgia's Remarkable Cow and What She Really Ate. there Is still a chance for hope. It is the moment when the mortal creature surrenders and sinks into the* arms of death, that Is unbearable to -witness. The Imagination is fearfully enticed by visions of the unseen close of the trag edy, the climax that is veiled from view by the dark water. To those who watch the broadening ripples on the surface, seconds stretch to hours. It is not the viotim alone for whom time drags so slowly that there ls leisure for the reviewing of a life. No one ever estimates correctly the Interval that elapses between the dis appearance of the drowning man be neath the surface and the moment When the body ls brought Up from the depths, if that be speedily acoom pllslhed. It may be five minutes; but a majority of those who see it will say lt may be half an hour. In proportion to the seeming exten sion of time is the importance of it. A half minute saved may mean the dif ference between dea"i and life. That difference often depends upon the ex act location of the body. In shallow water where a rower who hits hurried to the spot may grapple for the body with a boathook, the impossibility of seeing more than a few feet below the surface is the obstacle that prevents a rescue. This fact, so often noted, has led some Parisian to invent an electrically Illuminated boathook for use in such emergencies. It is Impossible to place the exact credit for the invention, but its utility has been subjected, recently, to a series of tests by the noWce In a mvtatorium ln Paris and the results were in the highest degree satisfactory. An expert swimmer represented the supposed drowning man. He sank to the bottom of the tank and then moved stealthily along the bottom so that not a ripple showed which way he had gone. The surface light was so ar ranged that the bottom could not be seen, but in every case the swimmer was quickly located by means of the il luminated hook. The Implement is like any ordinary lwathook, except that Just above the gaff, a strong glass bulb is carried. In the centre of the bulb is an ordinary carbon-fibre electric light. Wires run up inside the handle, and are connected with a storage battery which may be so small as to be conveniently carried upon the belt of the rescuer. It is the intention to equip the life savers along the Seine,—where drown ing, whether from accident or suicide is notably frequent—with these devices, and it is also believed that they can be of great utility on much-frequented skating ponds, and at summer resorts where there is still-water bathing. lHfc VERY NEWEST WAY TO RESPOND TO A FIRE AL ADM INDIANAPOLIS deserves the credit tor a new plan for fire lighting. It came into the mind of Thomas F. Barrtrtt, chief of the fire force of that city. He decided that the electric roads could give valuable aid in conveying fire apparatus to the scene of the conllagration. ".My attention was first called to this subject by a recent fire in one of the buildings at the Indiana State Fair HOW TO TEST THE COAL YOU BURN. The remarkable announcement Is I made by Mr. Caryl D. Hasklns, the well-known Barton electrician, that we can now determine by means of the X-ray exactly how much ash material there is in the coal that we burn before lt Is burned. In other words, turn the X-ray upon your coal and you can tell how much of it will remain as ashes after It ls burned and how much will escape as gas. It really seems as if some of the most remarkable predic tions concerning the Roentgen ray were coming true. Mr. Haskins, on being requested to outline the discovery he believes he has made, has sent the following as an ex planation to the public of just what he believes he has discovered: "It is of first importance to all users of steam power. The coal which costs the least per ton ls not necessarily the cheapest coal by any means. One of the most reliable indications of the steam making qualities of coal lies in the percentage of ash. A coal which leaves a large amount of ash ls, of course, r. coal which has a relatively small amount of combustible constit uents and vice versa. It is the deter mination of the amount of ash ln coal which I believe can ba accomplished with considerable accuracy by means of X-rays. The shadow produced upon the fiuoroscope by a piece of coal of a given size and thickness is apparently dependent for its rel.ntive density upon the amount of ash producing material in that piece of coal. "If, therefore, a number of camples of uniform size and thickness of various kinds of coal having known percent ages of ash be prepared and If a lot of coal Which Is to be investigated have several pieces taken haphazard from lt and reduced to similar sizes and thicknesses to the pieces of known coals above referred to, then It is only a question of matching up the density of the shadow case upon the fiuoroscope by the unknown value of coal with a sample of knovra value, and the quan tity of ash per ton in the coal under consideration ll immediately fixed with I believe considerable accuracy. So important is the subject consid ered that it has been taken up for dis cussion by a number of scientific so cieties both in this country and Europe. Analytical investigation is sure to fol low, which it la believed will result in most important developments. Mr. Haskins' experiments in this direction have been somewhat crude, and yet they have brought to the attention of the world knowl dge which, from a mining standpoint, cannot be consid ered of too great value. Copyright, 1898, by Baeheller Syndicate. NEW DEPARTURE FOR FIRE DEPARTMENTS. Grounds, located about six miles from Indianapolis, and connected by an elec tric railway," said Chief Barrett in a recent letter replying to an inquiry I about his plan. "At that time I sug gested that a large lire cistern be built lon the premises, to be filled by water from the roof of one of the buildings, ; ! and that low trucks be constructed by i the street railway company, with a tail I I board to let down, so that an engino THE EIFFEL TOWER IS BREATHING. Science now tells us that the great Eiffel Tower ot Paris breathes. It iB not after the fashion of a human being, but it certainly moves, for Col. Guil laume Basseurot.. a government en gineer, formally deputed by the au thorities of France, has made a careful examination and so decided. It seems odd enough to think of the great steel structure more than one thousand feet high being accused of anything savoring of the human, but as it bends and sways, the simile does nut seem so far fetched, after all. The engineer tells us that there Is not a moment during the twenty-four hours that go to make up the day that the mass of metal ls not In motion. At first the discovery created great alarm, and those who knew of It were cau tioned to say nothing. That is why the story has only just been revealed. After the engineer bad made the most minute sort of an examination he dis covered, so he now tells us, that Instead of the tower being weakened by its mo tion, it was really a guarantee of its safety. The motion, too, Is rhythmic, and not a steady settling, first one inch, then two inclw *>,<»d so on, but the tower jingles ana j«mps Just as If it enjoyed the realization "f Its power of motion and wanted others to know and a? THE MOST DARING RIDE YET TAKEN BY ANY CYCLIST. Across the Hoosac River, close to the Vermont State line, swings and sways a bridge that makes a person with nerves shudder when he walks across lt. The bridge ls 180 feet long, and one looks down from it 200 feet to the river beneath. It was across Unla structure that George Round, a bicycle rider, scordhed on his wheel recently, accom plishing a feat that to those who watched him seemed sure to result in the rider's death. The bridge ls composed of etrlngers, held ln place by two wire cables. For a guard rail, a single wire la strung, low down, so that a person riding at a height at which the cyclist rode stood every chance of plunging headlong Into the gulf below the bridge should he lose his balance or his Wheel become in the least degree unmanageable. Cyollst Round considered all these chances, but made up his mind that he was equal to them, as he had ridden across bridges at dizzy heights before. When he told the people of Williams ton, Mass., what he intended doing, they tried to persuade him that his thought was foolhardy. When one stops to think that the pathway across the structure on which it was necessary for Round to ride when he attempted to cross was a single line of ten-Inch planking, their belief seems wise. Mr. Round has been asked to de scribe his ride and the accompanying sensations, and In response to this re quest, says: "The ten-inch planking which constitutes the pathway across the bridge is lower In the middle than at the ends, because the bridge sup ports, two wire cables, naturally sag at that point. The actual difference In height between the middle and the ends is eight feet, and when you con sider the swaying nature of the struc ture, that is considerable. "I had walked the bridge several times, and the moment I stepped on it I noticed that it swayed with me In a rather unpleasant fashion. Any wheel man knows that a motion of this sort greatly increased the difficulties of rid ing. I was very sure I could ride the bridge safely, and was not In the least frightened, although I fully realized that a fall from lt was certain death. If the water had been deep I would have stood a chance cf escaping with my life in case of a fall, but as It was only two feet in depth and ran over a bed of almost solid rock, it was plain enough what would happen if ever I dropped. "Well, I started a little bit slow, and then it came to me that the sooner I md hose wagon could be driven quick ly upon it and be carried to the Fair Grounds in case of fire. One engine, svith a sufficient supply of waiter, play ing two streams, could accomplish a great deal. "This led to a more extended discus sion of the subject. IndianaiK>lis is .1 peculiarly, though beautifully built city. It is not compact; in fact almost svery street In the resident portion is predate the fact. At first the people who did not know what made the queer sounds in the tower took the supersti tious view, and said the noises were the voices of the ghosts of the suicides of Paris, those unfortunate wraiths who are forced to stand sponsor for all the uncanny things that the Parisian thinks he discovers. The cause of this breathing of the tower is that the great metallic mass contracts and expands, Just as does the cihest of a human being. Hence the statement that the metal breathes, and the absolute proving of the fact that at last perpetual motion has been dis covered in the form of a huge tower. Perhaps It may be thought in the na ture of a jest to call Uhla perpetual mo tion, but who Is there that has ever constructed anything which more near ly approaches It than this great mass of metal? The fact that the engineer whose duty it was to examine and report as to the safety of the structure has de cided that the motion Is an additional proof of the structure's solidity. Is con firmation of the decision of the experts regarding the great sky-scrapers of the United States, which are really built upon giant skeletons of Iron and steel. It wa.s noticed a long time ago that some of these buildings often shook and shivered, like a person with the ague. The experts examined them and declared it was In this fact that their safety lay. If there was no vibration, then every shock would weaken the big building, so constructed that It would never bend, but break. So our sky scrapers are safe after all. Copyright, 1898, by Baeheller Syndicate.- got to the other side the sooner I would be away from any possible danger, and so I Just scorched it across, as hard as I could. The bridge shook a great deal and once I held my breath for a second when the wheel struck something and Scorching Over a 200-Foot Gorge on a 10-Inch Plank. swerved a bit, but as a matter of fact I was not frightened, for the simple reason that I was too busy paying at tention to moving my wheel. a park. So extended is the territory upon which the city is built that it re quires much more apparatus for fire protection than cities of equal size. The suburbs therefore are correspondingly hard to cover on account of their dis tance from the city." An experiment with the apparatus arranged as shown in the accompany ing picture has proven very successful. Copyright. 1898, by Baeheller Syndicate. Six-Year-Old Musician Who Plays Everything She Hears. "After I had made the trip reran some of the folks said I was fright enett. If I had been I would not havo nr tided their saying so, but that mad< me angry, seeing, aa I have sale, • iat I was not frightened at all. So 1 lust turned round and rode over the bridge again, this time without any feeling except that of exhilaration." Copyright, 1898, by Baeheller Syndicate, A MARVELLOUS SIX-YEAR-OLD MUSICIAN. The question, is music born in people, seems to have been answered 'by little Lulu Espach of 512 West Seventh street, Cincinnati, O. When she was a baby of six months, the only thing that would quiet her was music. Now, six years old, che is capable of sitting at the piano and playing any music she hears. Strangest of all, the child cannot read music. While playing the Instrument the lit tle one never looks at the keys, but gazes upward as if inspiration came to her from above. Still, Bhe has no great fondness for classical music, al though she will play it as readily as any otftier. She best likes, her parents say, Sousa's muelc, although that is only a present fad, as from time to time she, like others much older, has new favorites. Not long ago she was with her par ents at the house of a friend when some one of the guests played a Bee thoven sonata. One of the ladles pres ent said to Lulu that there was some thing that she could not play. The child insisted that she could end begged per mission to be permitted to do so. This being granted, she sat down at the n' strumen't and played this most diffi cult music from beginning to end with out an error. Copyright, 1898, by Baeheller Syndlicato. A Terrapin Farm. A terrapin farm consists of oa/nala wkth narrow ridges of land between. The ends of the canals are so secured that It is impossible for the terrapin to escape.and the entire farm is surround ed by a high fence.