SEVEN TRUE STORIES OF ODD FACTS.
RESCUING A DROWNING MAN
BY THE ELECTRIC LIGHT.
NOT all the novel electrical Inven
tions are products of American
ingenuity. Of <--»urse the Yan
kees lead, and always will; but
they have a cueer idea now
and then across the water. For In
stance, In Paris they are now rescuing
the drowning by electricity.
Fishing For Men With an Illuminated Boathook.
This Cow Dined on Hardware.
The cow Is striving to rival the goat
in point of appetite. Thus far, it Is
in about the Same proportion as tho
goat rivals the cow on the milk ques
tion. Nevertheless. If the predilection
for hardware developed by a Georgia
cow grows among the kine there is no
knowing where it will stop.
The particular cow referred to Is
owned by Mr. Reuben Smith at La
Grange, Ga., and although she is dead
and gone the way of all beef, her mem
ory bids fair to live after her, owing
to the discovery made by those who
dissected her. Look at the accompany
ing picture and it is not hard to fathom
the reason why. Any cow that could
eat ten penny nails, staples from a
barbi-u wire fence and a brass medal
with the face of Grover Cleveland
stamped on one side is c-rtainly worth
a niche in the gallery' of farm, not to
mention a few echoes in tl*» Malls of
No one knows how long this hard
ware diet had been cultivated by Jlr.
Smith's cow. He remembers now his
attention is called to it that nails left
about the cowshed mysteriously disap
peared on various occasions. Then he
thought some one must have needed
them or a small boy made a discovery,
but now he is convinced that he has
wronged every one in favor of his cow.
To show conclusively what the cow
really did do. here is a list furnished
by Sir. Smith himself of just what he
found in the animal's stomach:
One brass medal, ornamented with
the picture of ex-President Cleveland;
Six shingle nails:
Three staples, picked from a barbed
Three horseshoe nails;
After this astonishing discovery was
made, the cow's stomach was carefully
examined to see what effect the taking
Any person who has ever had the
thrilling experience of witnessing a
narrow escape from drowning may re
member tihe awful moment when the
Imperilled being disappears beneath
tho water. So long as he can be seen
struggling upon the surface, though all
the Fates may be dragging him down,
of such substances into it bad had.
Contrary to expectation, it could not
be learned that any injury' whatever
had resulted. Neither did the articles
themselves show evidence of having
been where they were found any great
length of time. For all they showed,
the cow might have been eating hard
ware for years.
it really demonstrates that the scien
tific opinions regarding the possibilities
of the stomachs of animals are guess
work to a certain extent. It has been
held concerning the cow's stomach, for
instance, that it was very tender, when
the variety of food the animal ate was
considered. But to the lay mind to say
that the stomach of any animal that
can digest hardware is tender, seems
bordering on the verge of nonsense.
is there any reason, therefore, to sup
pose that the stomach of the cow can
not hereafter be classed with those of
the ostrich, the goat and the camel?
It really seems as if the cow might, in
a measure, 1 if come a scientific problem.
Copyright, 1S!>8, by Btuihelier Syndicate.
Prince Bismarck is famous for his
wonderful dogs. They are his almost
constant companions. One of them, a
massive hound, twice saved his mas
ter's life, and accompanied him to the
conference between the Emperors of
Germany and Austria. It has been said
of this dog that during the meeting of
the monarohs, "he behaved himself
with the courtesy and reserve that
would have done credit to the most ac
complished diplomat of them all."
Prince Bismarck feeds his do«s himself,
and it is stated that they often dine at
his own table. He also admits them to
his study, and treats them generally
with as great kindness as he would
treat human companions.
Georgia's Remarkable Cow and What She Really Ate.
there Is still a chance for hope. It is
the moment when the mortal creature
surrenders and sinks into the* arms of
death, that Is unbearable to -witness.
The Imagination is fearfully enticed by
visions of the unseen close of the trag
edy, the climax that is veiled from
view by the dark water. To those who
watch the broadening ripples on the
surface, seconds stretch to hours. It
is not the viotim alone for whom time
drags so slowly that there ls leisure for
the reviewing of a life.
No one ever estimates correctly the
Interval that elapses between the dis
appearance of the drowning man be
neath the surface and the moment
When the body ls brought Up from the
depths, if that be speedily acoom
pllslhed. It may be five minutes; but a
majority of those who see it will say
lt may be half an hour.
In proportion to the seeming exten
sion of time is the importance of it. A
half minute saved may mean the dif
ference between dea"i and life. That
difference often depends upon the ex
act location of the body. In shallow
water where a rower who hits hurried
to the spot may grapple for the body
with a boathook, the impossibility of
seeing more than a few feet below the
surface is the obstacle that prevents a
This fact, so often noted, has led
some Parisian to invent an electrically
Illuminated boathook for use in such
emergencies. It is Impossible to place
the exact credit for the invention, but
its utility has been subjected, recently,
to a series of tests by the noWce In a
mvtatorium ln Paris and the results
were in the highest degree satisfactory.
An expert swimmer represented the
supposed drowning man. He sank to
the bottom of the tank and then moved
stealthily along the bottom so that not
a ripple showed which way he had
gone. The surface light was so ar
ranged that the bottom could not be
seen, but in every case the swimmer
was quickly located by means of the il
The Implement is like any ordinary
lwathook, except that Just above the
gaff, a strong glass bulb is carried. In
the centre of the bulb is an ordinary
carbon-fibre electric light. Wires run
up inside the handle, and are connected
with a storage battery which may be
so small as to be conveniently carried
upon the belt of the rescuer.
It is the intention to equip the life
savers along the Seine,—where drown
ing, whether from accident or suicide
is notably frequent—with these devices,
and it is also believed that they can
be of great utility on much-frequented
skating ponds, and at summer resorts
where there is still-water bathing.
lHfc VERY NEWEST WAY TO RESPOND TO A FIRE AL ADM
INDIANAPOLIS deserves the credit
tor a new plan for fire lighting. It
came into the mind of Thomas F.
Barrtrtt, chief of the fire force of
that city. He decided that the
electric roads could give valuable aid
in conveying fire apparatus to the
scene of the conllagration.
".My attention was first called to this
subject by a recent fire in one of the
buildings at the Indiana State Fair
HOW TO TEST
The remarkable announcement Is
I made by Mr. Caryl D. Hasklns, the
well-known Barton electrician, that we
can now determine by means of the
X-ray exactly how much ash material
there is in the coal that we burn before
lt Is burned. In other words, turn the
X-ray upon your coal and you can tell
how much of it will remain as ashes
after It ls burned and how much will
escape as gas. It really seems as if
some of the most remarkable predic
tions concerning the Roentgen ray
were coming true.
Mr. Haskins, on being requested to
outline the discovery he believes he has
made, has sent the following as an ex
planation to the public of just what
he believes he has discovered:
"It is of first importance to all users
of steam power. The coal which costs
the least per ton ls not necessarily the
cheapest coal by any means. One of
the most reliable indications of the
steam making qualities of coal lies in
the percentage of ash. A coal which
leaves a large amount of ash ls, of
course, r. coal which has a relatively
small amount of combustible constit
uents and vice versa. It is the deter
mination of the amount of ash ln coal
which I believe can ba accomplished
with considerable accuracy by means
of X-rays. The shadow produced upon
the fiuoroscope by a piece of coal of a
given size and thickness is apparently
dependent for its rel.ntive density upon
the amount of ash producing material
in that piece of coal.
"If, therefore, a number of camples of
uniform size and thickness of various
kinds of coal having known percent
ages of ash be prepared and If a lot of
coal Which Is to be investigated have
several pieces taken haphazard from
lt and reduced to similar sizes and
thicknesses to the pieces of known coals
above referred to, then It is only a
question of matching up the density of
the shadow case upon the fiuoroscope
by the unknown value of coal with a
sample of knovra value, and the quan
tity of ash per ton in the coal under
consideration ll immediately fixed with
I believe considerable accuracy.
So important is the subject consid
ered that it has been taken up for dis
cussion by a number of scientific so
cieties both in this country and Europe.
Analytical investigation is sure to fol
low, which it la believed will result in
most important developments. Mr.
Haskins' experiments in this direction
have been somewhat crude, and yet
they have brought to the attention of
the world knowl dge which, from a
mining standpoint, cannot be consid
ered of too great value.
Copyright, 1898, by Baeheller Syndicate.
NEW DEPARTURE FOR FIRE DEPARTMENTS.
Grounds, located about six miles from
Indianapolis, and connected by an elec
tric railway," said Chief Barrett in a
recent letter replying to an inquiry
I about his plan. "At that time I sug
gested that a large lire cistern be built
lon the premises, to be filled by water
from the roof of one of the buildings,
; ! and that low trucks be constructed by
i the street railway company, with a tail
I I board to let down, so that an engino
Science now tells us that the great
Eiffel Tower ot Paris breathes. It iB
not after the fashion of a human being,
but it certainly moves, for Col. Guil
laume Basseurot.. a government en
gineer, formally deputed by the au
thorities of France, has made a careful
examination and so decided.
It seems odd enough to think of the
great steel structure more than one
thousand feet high being accused of
anything savoring of the human, but
as it bends and sways, the simile does
nut seem so far fetched, after all.
The engineer tells us that there Is
not a moment during the twenty-four
hours that go to make up the day that
the mass of metal ls not In motion. At
first the discovery created great alarm,
and those who knew of It were cau
tioned to say nothing. That is why
the story has only just been revealed.
After the engineer bad made the most
minute sort of an examination he dis
covered, so he now tells us, that Instead
of the tower being weakened by its mo
tion, it was really a guarantee of its
The motion, too, Is rhythmic, and not
a steady settling, first one inch, then
two inclw *>,<»d so on, but the tower
jingles ana j«mps Just as If it enjoyed
the realization "f Its power of motion
and wanted others to know and a?
THE MOST DARING RIDE
YET TAKEN BY ANY CYCLIST.
Across the Hoosac River, close to the
Vermont State line, swings and sways
a bridge that makes a person with
nerves shudder when he walks across
lt. The bridge ls 180 feet long, and one
looks down from it 200 feet to the river
beneath. It was across Unla structure
that George Round, a bicycle rider,
scordhed on his wheel recently, accom
plishing a feat that to those who
watched him seemed sure to result in
the rider's death.
The bridge ls composed of etrlngers,
held ln place by two wire cables. For
a guard rail, a single wire la strung,
low down, so that a person riding at
a height at which the cyclist rode stood
every chance of plunging headlong Into
the gulf below the bridge should he lose
his balance or his Wheel become in the
least degree unmanageable.
Cyollst Round considered all these
chances, but made up his mind that he
was equal to them, as he had ridden
across bridges at dizzy heights before.
When he told the people of Williams
ton, Mass., what he intended doing,
they tried to persuade him that his
thought was foolhardy. When one
stops to think that the pathway across
the structure on which it was necessary
for Round to ride when he attempted
to cross was a single line of ten-Inch
planking, their belief seems wise.
Mr. Round has been asked to de
scribe his ride and the accompanying
sensations, and In response to this re
quest, says: "The ten-inch planking
which constitutes the pathway across
the bridge is lower In the middle than
at the ends, because the bridge sup
ports, two wire cables, naturally sag at
that point. The actual difference In
height between the middle and the
ends is eight feet, and when you con
sider the swaying nature of the struc
ture, that is considerable.
"I had walked the bridge several
times, and the moment I stepped on it
I noticed that it swayed with me In a
rather unpleasant fashion. Any wheel
man knows that a motion of this sort
greatly increased the difficulties of rid
ing. I was very sure I could ride the
bridge safely, and was not In the least
frightened, although I fully realized
that a fall from lt was certain death. If
the water had been deep I would have
stood a chance cf escaping with my
life in case of a fall, but as It was only
two feet in depth and ran over a bed
of almost solid rock, it was plain
enough what would happen if ever I
"Well, I started a little bit slow, and
then it came to me that the sooner I
md hose wagon could be driven quick
ly upon it and be carried to the Fair
Grounds in case of fire. One engine,
svith a sufficient supply of waiter, play
ing two streams, could accomplish a
"This led to a more extended discus
sion of the subject. IndianaiK>lis is .1
peculiarly, though beautifully built
city. It is not compact; in fact almost
svery street In the resident portion is
predate the fact. At first the people
who did not know what made the queer
sounds in the tower took the supersti
tious view, and said the noises were
the voices of the ghosts of the suicides
of Paris, those unfortunate wraiths
who are forced to stand sponsor for all
the uncanny things that the Parisian
thinks he discovers.
The cause of this breathing of the
tower is that the great metallic mass
contracts and expands, Just as does the
cihest of a human being. Hence the
statement that the metal breathes, and
the absolute proving of the fact that
at last perpetual motion has been dis
covered in the form of a huge tower.
Perhaps It may be thought in the na
ture of a jest to call Uhla perpetual mo
tion, but who Is there that has ever
constructed anything which more near
ly approaches It than this great mass
The fact that the engineer whose
duty it was to examine and report as
to the safety of the structure has de
cided that the motion Is an additional
proof of the structure's solidity. Is con
firmation of the decision of the experts
regarding the great sky-scrapers of the
United States, which are really built
upon giant skeletons of Iron and steel.
It wa.s noticed a long time ago that
some of these buildings often shook
and shivered, like a person with the
ague. The experts examined them and
declared it was In this fact that their
safety lay. If there was no vibration,
then every shock would weaken the big
building, so constructed that It would
never bend, but break. So our sky
scrapers are safe after all.
Copyright, 1898, by Baeheller Syndicate.-
got to the other side the sooner I would
be away from any possible danger, and
so I Just scorched it across, as hard as
I could. The bridge shook a great deal
and once I held my breath for a second
when the wheel struck something and
Scorching Over a 200-Foot Gorge on a 10-Inch Plank.
swerved a bit, but as a matter of fact
I was not frightened, for the simple
reason that I was too busy paying at
tention to moving my wheel.
a park. So extended is the territory
upon which the city is built that it re
quires much more apparatus for fire
protection than cities of equal size. The
suburbs therefore are correspondingly
hard to cover on account of their dis
tance from the city."
An experiment with the apparatus
arranged as shown in the accompany
ing picture has proven very successful.
Copyright. 1898, by Baeheller Syndicate.
Six-Year-Old Musician Who Plays Everything She Hears.
"After I had made the trip reran
some of the folks said I was fright enett.
If I had been I would not havo nr tided
their saying so, but that mad< me
angry, seeing, aa I have sale, • iat I
was not frightened at all. So 1 lust
turned round and rode over the bridge
again, this time without any feeling
except that of exhilaration."
Copyright, 1898, by Baeheller Syndicate,
The question, is music born in people,
seems to have been answered 'by little
Lulu Espach of 512 West Seventh
street, Cincinnati, O. When she was
a baby of six months, the only thing
that would quiet her was music. Now,
six years old, che is capable of sitting
at the piano and playing any music
she hears. Strangest of all, the child
cannot read music.
While playing the Instrument the lit
tle one never looks at the keys, but
gazes upward as if inspiration came to
her from above. Still, Bhe has no
great fondness for classical music, al
though she will play it as readily as
any otftier. She best likes, her parents
say, Sousa's muelc, although that is
only a present fad, as from time to
time she, like others much older, has
Not long ago she was with her par
ents at the house of a friend when
some one of the guests played a Bee
thoven sonata. One of the ladles pres
ent said to Lulu that there was some
thing that she could not play. The child
insisted that she could end begged per
mission to be permitted to do so. This
being granted, she sat down at the n'
strumen't and played this most diffi
cult music from beginning to end with
out an error.
Copyright, 1898, by Baeheller Syndlicato.
A Terrapin Farm.
A terrapin farm consists of oa/nala
wkth narrow ridges of land between.
The ends of the canals are so secured
that It is impossible for the terrapin to
escape.and the entire farm is surround
ed by a high fence.
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