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Double Sheet TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR. NO. ,49. |o« Allele* Theater |£^^faS* Treasurer - MATINEE TODAY AT 2:10 TONIGHT Edward c. RicE'u ' tr m*7\ , Ohe Sirt 3<rom trans Magnificent scenery, Gorgeous Coatumea, Excellent Cast, Beautllnl Chorus. A Great Show, rhe Top Notch of Success. . Seats now on sale. Popular prices, 25c, iiOo, 75c, $1. let. Main 70 NEXT KINGS OF MINSTRELSY THREE NIGHTS—COMMENCING MONDAY EVENING, FEB. 28—WEDNERDAY MATINEE Primrose cf West's 23ig Ttfinstreis Sooryo iPrimroso, I Sooryo Wilson, comedian" America's Greatest Minstrel ! E. M. HALL and Forty Others WATCH FOR THE GRAND STREET PARADE Prices—2*c, 50c. 7.1 c, 11. Tel. Main 70 a, Loa Angeles' Society Vaudoville Theater The Great Cllvetto assisted by Mme. Clivette, in n — w wonderful Exhibition oi Jtuiglety and laughable Silhouettes; Brothers Damm, Famous Eccentric Acrobats; Williams and Adams, the Monte Carlo Millionaires: Prof. Filles' Famou* Performing Dogs; Mi«s Fannie Bloodgood, Descriptive Vocalist; last woes: of Dolllne Cole. La Petite Lund, Joo and Nellie Douncr. PRICKS NEVKK CHANGING—Evening Reserved Seats, 25 and 50 cents: Gallery. 10 cent* Regular Matinees. Wednesday. Saturday and Sunday ... Te'ephone Main 1447 Rut-bank Theater ,OUN c FISHER M,na,ter THE ONLY THEATER IN THE CITY WITH HEATING FACILITIES WEEK COMMENCING MONDAY, FEB. 21 , » rt > > + » ✓» * TONIGHT and Remainder of week, UAO CtltefOrCl L>o» *•* including Saturday Matinee THE COMEDY BUCCEBB <ty &w 2/ orA \ %) a y JQy 2>ay Prices, 15c. afo, gftc. 50c. Matlneey Klo and 25c. Telephone Main IT7O A&rlCUltliral Park Lo.?ee B «^Man.ger c _/ ST A _ 9T Continuous coursing, commencing at 10: so am. Ounclay, tfOOrvary £f nnd continuing throughout the day (rain or shine) O/Il i Five-mile rtce between ' Jtorsc as. V/nool p,i n ce Hooker and tho "Orient" Admission 21 cents. Ladles Iree. including ernnd stand eIC Srttat Zftaco Music by Beventn Regiment Han't. Tjke Ma n Street Cars. (California Limited f """~\ Via Oanta *re Jioute e-r, Leaves Los Angeles...B:oo a.m. Sunday, Tuesday and Friday 5 Oihor Leaves Pasadena 8:25 a.m. Sunday, Tuesday and Friday ; Arrive Kansas City....,6:10 p.m. Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday \ 2>a« Arrive St. Louis 7 XX) a.m. Wednesday; Friday and Monday ™ Arrive Chicago 9:43 a.m. Wednesday, Friday and Monday \ This splend hi train ls for first class travel only, but there Is no extra charge beyond the regular ticket aud sleeping-car rate. Dining cars serve breakfast leaving Los Angeles. Vestl baled and electric lighted. All the luxurlea of modern travel. Jfi'te~ Shaped Tjrack.. . DONE IN A DAY , . . , . . ON THE TUESDAY AND SATURDAY SPECIALS In addition to the regular train service the Santa Fe runs on every Tuesday a special express iintn, taking in Redlands. Riverside and the beauties of Santa Ana Canyon. Leaves Los Angeles at 9a. in; leaves Pasadena at 9:25 a. in. Returning arrives at Los Angeles at srJS pic, Pasadena t :i>o p m„ giving two hours step at both Redlands and Riverside. 7Ta /la. .. /» ON THIS TRAIN AFFORDS PLEASANT Una Uosorvatiom Lar opportunity for seeing the sights tiart ft/ego and Coronado S3each THE MOST BEAUTIFUL SPOT IN THE WORLD ... Two datlv trains, carrying parlor cars, make the run in about tour hours from L-w Angeles, and on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday nights the Coronado Special will ran, Tbe ride la delightful, carrying you for (evenly miles along the Pacific Ocean beach, . Santa Fe Route Office, 200 Spring St, comer Second. Ostrich Farm . . South Pasadena . . m W NEARLY 10« GIGANTIC BIRD* OF ALL AGES. Open dally to visitors Tips, Plumes, Boas and Capes for tale direct from the [.reducer. K. 11. We bare no agency la Los Angeles, and have lor sale the only,genulne California feath ers on Ihe market. The most Hpproprlate present to send east. ■■ ■ tss t-rl'a DavlllAti MONDAY EVENING. FEB 28. under the managc nßZartl 8 r"»VIIIOn ment of the LOS ANUEI.ES ATHLETIC CLUB. lb-Round Boxing Contest between JOE (IODDaRD and JIM JKFFRIES. lOioiinds Dan Long vs Hob Jones. 10 rounds Bob Thompson vs. Ed Trimble Admission—si.uo, >' ■''»■ l-'.PO, t-'.W. On sale nt the Los Angeles Athletic Ciub. ■■ n tnl tesscalnaasssrl A new aud olegantly-lurntslied lamlly and tourist hotel; HOICI Dininni U first-class, but moderate rates; 150 rooms, 76 with bath; all * * modern conveniences; American and European plan; now open; opposito postofflce, Main street. l.os Angeles 1.-AAC HOSIER Pronriemr ffllshire Park Btsabaii Soory Sunday, /:30 SrauaTran"^ FIRE IN A TENEMENT HOUSE CAUSES THE DEATH OF NINE PEOPLE The Fire Was Soon Quenched but Help Came Too Late to Save the Sleeping People CHARLESTON, S. C, Feb. 28.—Nine Uvea were lost ln a fearful Are which raged for a short time in Church street this morning. At 2:10 a. m. a policeman on duty noticed big sparks flying from the tenement house at No. 160 Church street. The officer found that a blaze was Issuing from one of the windows on the first floor. The doors were broken open and the family on that floor rushed out without Injury. Somebody cried that a family of women were sleeping on the third floor. The police rushed up stairs and when they reached the top story the life-saving work was stopped by the names, which seemed to be playing over the entire building. Screams from the dying women were heard, and Officer Bagby rushed in and pulled out three charred bodies. T.he quick work of the Are department checked Ihe lire, and it was soon under control, but not until nine lives had been lost. Dead: MRS. REBECCA KNICKMEYER. ALBERT O'NEILL. . CASWELL O'NEILL. JOSEPHINE KNICKMEYER, aged 7 Fears. KATIE KNICKMEYER, 16 years. LEONORO KNICKMEYER, 9 years. FRANCIS KNICKMEYER, 6 years. LILLIE KNICKMEYER, 3 years. A baby of Mrs. Knlckmeyer, 1 month old. Mrs. Knlckmeyer was the wife of Theo dore E. Knlckmeyer, a carpenter. DON'T EXPECT WAR But the Navy Department Will Be Ready NEW YORK, Feb. »._A special to the World from Washington says: The acting secretary of the navy, when asked con cerning the probability of war and the con dition of the navy ln case of emergency replied: , "I wish you would say to the World that while we do not expect war, the navy de partment Is simply making every prepara tion for It. The work of the navy is going on as rap idly as we could wish. To get Into an Ideal condition of defense and offense will con sume much time and a great deta.l of patient labor. During the past ten days the labor of the department has been multiplied. No news of great Importance to the public has been received today from Havana and like everyone else, we are patiently await ing further developments." His words are susceptible of two,inter pretation*, both consistent with official re serve and oautlon. Working night and day lo prepare for war, the secretary may regard as the surest way to avert war. Bristol, R. I.—The mammoth new steel strut for the torpedo boat Porter, now ly ing disabled at Mobile, Ala., was started or. Its way to that city, accompanied by two steel workers from the Herreshof works, who will put lt ln position on the vessel. Trenton, N. J.—Men have been put to work placing the sea batteries at Seagirt ln order for service. A circular of the navy department, asking for an inspection of vessels which might be of use ln event of war, has been received at the adjutant general's office. The Johnston Hotel Victims PRESCOTT, Ariz., Feb. 25.—Dr. D. P. Kayner, the victim of the Johnston house first last Sunday night, died this afternoon from the effects of the burns received. He was about 80 years of age, and, in addition to practicing medicine for over fifty years, had devoted considerable time to the study of mineralogy and the treatment of ores. He was the Inventor of a furnace for the latter, and had resided ln mining sections of Colorado, Montana and California be fore coming to Arizona. Others.injured ln the fire are all recovering. Those Haytien Claims WASHINGTON. Feb. 25.—The report contained In a published dispatch from London that Italy had decided upon ener getic measures to enforce reparation of the alleged Illegal sequestration of an Italian vessel at Port-au-Prince. Is discredited at the Haytlen legation here. Minister Leger said tonight that his government had not Informed him that any difficulty with Italy had grown out of the affair. He was confi dent that If a situation as grave as indi cated by the London report existed, he would have been notified. FOREIGN FLASHES The Paris correspondent of the London Times says: Certain correspondents of foreign newspapers have been warned that It ls advisable for them to leave France. A dispatch to the London Mall from Sing apore says: It ls reported, from Chinese sources at Hongkiing, that a French force has landed at Kwan Chuen Wan,»24o miles southwest of Hongkong, and Informed the Chinese that It intends to erect buildings. The Peking correspondent of the Ber liner Tageblatt says: An Anglo-Italian syndicate has obtained a concession for railways and mines, especially coal mines and petroleum wells, ln the province of Shen SI. Moreover, the tsung 11 yamen has given a formal pledge to allow the import, duty free, of foreign goods In their orig inal packages, to ail points of Inland China. The Peking correspondent of the London Times says: China having Issued an Im perial decree authorizing a Chinese syn dicate to construct, with foreign assist ance, presumably American, a trunk line from Tien Tain to Chin Klang through Shan Tung province, Baron yon Malklng, the German minister, Interfered,' on the ground that Germany had been accorded the refusal of the right to construct any railway in Shan Tung. The project, there fore, Is blocked. This is a virtual assump tion by Germany of the railway monopoly In Shan Tung THE HERALD LOS ANGELES, SATURDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 26, JB9B MAINE WRECK Is Still an Unexplained Mystery NO EVIDENCE IS FOUND UPON WHICH AN OPINION MAY BE BASED PENDING THE COURT REPORT Precedents Are Being Examined Rel ative to Demands for Indemnity if Spain Is Responsible • Associated Press Special Wire WASHINGTON, Feb. 25.—1n spite of the stress that came from unofficial sources In Havana as to sensational developments ln connection with the work on the Maine's hull, the administration remains firm In Its statement that there Is no credible evi dence, one way or the other, as to the cause of the disaster, and holds to Its pur pose to await the conclusion of the Inves tigation now making by the court of In quiry. This position was emphasized at today's cabinet meeting. People who look ed for some startling announcement were disappointed, as the members, without res ervation, frankly admitted that the sub ject of the loss of the Maine had been discussed, but said that the government had received no Information from Havana since yesterday, and had no Intention of changing Its policy until there was some thing of substance to warrant it. Secretary Long has been under a heavy and almost constant strain ever since he was awakened in the middle of the night a week ago last Tuesday by the news of the loss of the Maine, and now that mat ters are, at least for the present, in a quieter state, he has* withdrawn from the navy department and gone away for a few days' rest, leaving Assistant Secretary Roosevelt to manage the department. The latter has been thoroughly advised at every step of the secretary's policy of treatment, of the Maine affair, so that there Is not Itkelyato be any change in that respect caused by the temporary assump tion of the duties of secretary by Mr. Roosevelt. Just before the department closed he had word of the sailing of the cruiser Montgomery from Tampa for Key West. Up to that time the vessel had been given no orders, so that the«latc of her departure for Havana, it she is to go at all. is conjectural. The ship went to Tampa Instead of Key West on her return fttom Ban Domingo ln order to facilitate the speedy return to his duties ln Wash ington of Captain CrownlnshleljL thg.chlef of the navigation bureau, who saved a full day by the movement. The Castlne. the second of the United States warships on the South Atlantic station, arrived today at Barbadoes. where she Joined the Cincinnati. It may be that the Castlne may go to Martinique to be docked, as she Is In need of cleaning after her trip. Since so much depends upon the report of the court of Inquiry, it may be interest ing to note that so far Secretary Dong himself does not know when to expect this Important document, having heard noth ing from any of the members on this point. He rather expected the court, which has complete power to work on its own lines, would wind up its wor kat Havana before leaving, so as to avoid the necessity for a return trip. One member of the cabi net had a more definite opinion on the subject, expecting the receipt of the re port from the court about the middle of next week. There is reason to believe that In the meantime, and to prepare for the reception of a report that would show the disaster to be other than the result of an accident, some of the officials of the administration have been looking up the subject of Indemnities, so as to lay the foundation of a case in the event that lt should be decided to resort to that method of settlement. There are large numbers of precedents which will aid the authorities In shaping their action ln this direction when the facts are fully established. While none of the cases show the fearful loss of life sustained by the Maine explosion, yet they Include may Instances In which the United States has adopted energetic measures to redress the killing of Ameri can citizens ln foreign countries. In a general way these methods of redress have Included demands for indemnity, procla mations excluding the warships of the of fending nation from our harbors, display of force, non-Intercourse, withdrawal of our ministers, reprisal and blockade. Some of these steps border very closely on war, although they are regarded as the move ments just preliminary to actual hostili ties and as amounting to a threat that force will follow If reparation is not made. The case of the Water Witch Is consid ered to be the most analagous to that of the Maine, should lt be established that the Maine disaster was not the result of an accident. The Water Witch was a United States ship engaged in 1855 in surveying the entrance to one of the rivers of Para guay. Without warning and by orders of President Lopez of Paraguay, a force of troops opened Are on the Water Witch, killing the man at the helm and wounding others. Intense feeling was aroused in the United States when the facts became known. The president reported the facts to congress and ln his message asked au thority to make a demonstratlon..of,force which would ensure suitable redress. In response to this, congress authorized him "to use such force as ls necessary" to secure ample reparation. Accordingly an armed fleet was hastily assembled on a scale which was regarded as remarkable for those days. The expedition included 19 armed ships. 25 heavy ifcins and 2500 sail ors and marines. Accompanylng thlß formidable outfit were civilian plenipotentiaries prepared to make the demands of the government, and then enforce them by calling on the armed ships. The expedition made a formidable showing ln the South American waters, and President Lopez' goverpment was awed Into complete subjection by Its pres ence. The American commlsioners and naval officers were received at Ascension with much honor, and every reparation within the power of the republic was given. This included an abject apology, a sweeping disavowal, and $10,000 for the suf ferers from the outrage. As the republic was willing to grant full reparation, the naval expedition did not exert the force It was prepared to use in case a refusal had been offered. When the facts of the expedition were reported to the American congress the president stated that the dispatch of this formal naval fleet had had a salutary in fluence throughout the world, and had convinced foreign nations that the United States would protect the lives of Its cltl sens with all the force at Its command. The case of the firing on the United States ship Chesapeake by the British ship Leop ard Is another case affording a precedent as to the government's mode of action. The Chesapeake was proceeding to sea when sho was hailed by the commander of the Leopard, with a demand that British de serters, said to be In the hold of the Chesa peake, be surrendered. The American commander refused to comply, whereupon the Leopard first fired a shot across the bow of the Chesapeake and followed this with two broadsides. The American com mander was severely wiounded, three sail ors were killed outright and many were wounded. Being unprepared for action, it being a time of peace, the American com mander hauled down his colors and sur rendered. Tremendous excitement prevailed in the United States over the outrage. President Madison speedily issued a proclamation excluding from American ports all British ships. He also caused energetic protests and demands to be presented at London. The British authorities promptly dis avowed the action, recalled the admiral un der whom the outrage had been pcrpetrat tcd, and, without request, tendered in demnity sufficient to support the wives and families of all those who had been killed and wounded. ' It a later case the American ship Prome thus was fired upon ln the harbor of Grey town. The ship had declined to pay ex cessive port charges Imposed by the king of the Mosquito coast, then controlling the country, under British protectorate. The king called upon the British warship Ex press to sustain his demands, and the Ex press promptly sent a broadside into the Promethus. There were no persons killed, but the United States government made a prompt demand for reparation. The Brit ish government gave this in the fullest manner and without question, disavowing the act and condemning the officer of the Express. Displays of force were resorted to by the United States in 1852 against Japan and Jn 1859 against Java. In the case of Japan American sailors had been severely handled in Japanese ports, and the naval courts failed to give adequate redress. A naval expedition was sent to Japanese waters, and this had the effect of securing th fullest apology and also an agreement by which every protection was guaranteed to American citizens and property ln Japan. In the case of Java the secretary of the navy sent a large naval force to the waters of Java to demand that the native trial courts should give the fullest protection to Americans. The expedition was successful ln Its purpose and all the assurances desired were given. In 1815 seven Americans were killed and about sixty were wounded while they were being detained In the Hrltlsh prison at Dartmoor. This was brought on by a clamor for rations, which was resisted by the prison guard. The United States de manded satisfactory and suitable repara tion and the British government com plied by an Indemnity for the support of the families of those killed and wounded. There are quite a number of recent cases, the latest being that of the German occu pation of Kiao Chau over the outrages .•ommltted by Chinese on German mis sionaries. In that case the German gov ernment acquired as indemnity a large portion of Chinese territory, as well as one of the most valuable strategetlc ports of China. The principle of money Indemnity for the killing of foreigners had heVn been rec ognised In several recent eases In. the I'nited States. One of these was the kill ing''aT Italians at New Orleans by a mob. In that case, while the United States did not admit the responsibility of Ihe fed eral government for the act of a mob, yet indemnity was paid out of the federal treasury as a matter of International comity and equity. Similar action was taken in indemnifying: China for her citi kens killed at Rock Springs. In the case of the Vlrginius a large money i»lemnlty was paid. Demands by the United States are now pending against Turkey for the burning of American missionaries' prop erty during the Armenian outbreak. There are many Individual claims against Spain, including the Ruiz case and that of Dr. Delgado. now pending. President Buchanan adopted the proce dure of reprisal in 1859. This is a meas ure Jyust short of war. Mexico was charged at that time with assenting to spoliation along the United States border. President Buchanan asked congress for authority to send a military force to secure Indem nity, as diplomatic negotiations had failed to bring redress from Mexico. This course was adopted by congress and the prepara tions for the military reprisal soon brought about a satisfactory adjustment. Non-intercourse with Great Britain was one of the measures adopted in 1809 by what Is known as the non-intercourse act. as a means of stopping associations which up to that time had Involved many compli cations and embarrassments. Embargoes have also been resorted to as a measure of offense against foreign nations, short of war, the purpose being to prevent the shipping of supplies needed by the offend ing nation. IN TIME OF PEACE Due Preparation Is Made for Warlike Operations PITTSBURG, Pa., Feb. 25.—The Post to morrow will say: Thnt the United States government is preparing to meet any exigency that may urise by reason of the Investigation of the Maine disaster is beyond dispute, and the fact that the proper authorities have just placed contracts for the delivery of 3JH),000 tons of coal at the different coaling sta tions of the war vessels of this country In the West Indies and along the Florida coasts is further evidence that the Wash ington authorities see trouble with Spain ln sight and are getting ready to meet the issue squarely. It wus learned tn Pittsburg, through an officer of ohe of the largest coal corpora tions doing business in this district, that the navy department had closed contracts with the Incorporated firm of Caster, Cur oan & Billett of Philadelphia for the deliv ery at Key West, Sand keys, Dry Tortu gas, Savannah, Charleston and Fortress Monroe of 250,000 tons of Pocahontas coal, and with the Rhodes & Blrdler Coal com pany of Cleveland for the delivery of 50, --000 tons of the Goshen coal of that com pany. The stipulations of the contracts just placed are that the coal so ordered shall be delivered at the designated coaling sta tions as soon as it is possible to do so, and that the utmost secrecy be observed about the matter. In carrying out these contracts, the rail roads play a most prominent part, and for the purpose of moving everything as ex peditiously as possible, President M. E. Ingalls of the Chesapeake and Ohio rail road, Charles C. Murray of the Baltimore and Ohio and General Manager L. V. Lp ree of the Pennsylvania went to Washing ton and consulted with Secretary Long of the navy and Assistant Secretary George D. Melkeljohn of the war department on the matter. Contracts and all arange ments for the rapid handling of the coal were made, and the government. It ls un derstood, is to pay a bonus to both the coal miners and the railroads if the 300,000 tons are delivered within a specified time. HARBOR DEFENSES NEW YORK, Feb. 25.—The Brooklyn Eagle today says: At Wlllet's Point pre- (Continued, on Page Two) HARBOR FUNDS Stir Up Spicy Debate in the House THE SAN PEDRO ITEM PASSED WITHOUT THE LEAST AMENDMENT THE APPROPRIATIONS MADE Will Prevent Consideration of a River and Harbor Bill nt This Ses sion—Senate Session Associated Press Special Wire WASHINGTON, Feb. 25.-A long and somewhat exciting debate over the river and harbor appropriations was precipitat ed ln the house during the consideration of the sundry civil appropriation bill. It was practically agreed by all those who participated that there would be no river and harbor bill at this session of congress, and this led Mr. Moody to attack the con tract Items carried in the sundry civil bill. He selected an appropriation of 1350,000 for Rockland, Me., which ls ln Mr. Dingley's district, and his remarks In denunciation of what he termed favoritism approached the sensational. It was Intimated that there was a plan to defeat all the items in the bill, so as to force consideration of a general river and harbor bill, but this Intimation was not borne out by the vote upon the amendment upon which the debate rested. Only four pages of the bill were disposed of today. The senate amendments to the army appropriation bill were agreed to without debate. When the house resumed consideration of the sundry civil appropriation bill, de bate developed on a motion to strike out the appropriation of 1133.000 for work at Oakland. Cal., Its opponents alleging that no contract had yet been made for the work and asserting that a river and harbor bill was to be suppressed and a favored few were to be given appropriations in the sundry civil bill. Representative Moody made a sensation al attack upon an appropriation In the sundry civil bill of 1350,000 for Rockland (Me.) harbor, which is In Mr. Dingley's district. He said he was willing to submit to economy and honest leadership, but, for one. he proposed to rebel against the leadership that gave an appropriation to Rockland, Me., an Insignificant port, that could be burled In Boston harbor. Grosvenor of Ohio, Republican, attacked the appropriation, and declared that If the house allowed these river and harbor Items to go into the sundry civil bill there would be no river and harbor bill. He was amased. he sajd, at the action of the ap propriations committee, and Insisted that all the members should be on an equality. Mr. Cannon replied to the attack, declar ing that some of the most vicious river ONE LAST, DESPAIRING KICK Against the San Pedro Harbor Project—Right Wins and the Appropriation Is Made WASHINGTON, Feb. 25.—(Special to The Herald.) In the house today there was a very lively contest over items in the M, SL sundry civil appropriation bill providing for the payment of work f under the continuous contract system. When the paragraph ap- propriating 8400,000 for San Pedro harbor was reached Grosven- or of Ohio wanted to know all about the project for the worn and f whether any private concern (meaning Huntington) had not of- fered to construct a harbor in the immediate vicinity of San Pedro S without cost to the government, and why it was necessary to ex- <jl pend 8400,000 in the absence of any definite project. He dis- e£ I. claimed any intention to make factious opposition, but simply jC ~}„ wanted to know if the house prop <sed to enter upon a general sys- r 'L e|s tern of river and harbor improve .ents through the instrumental- X v a» °* tne Bttn<^r y civil bill. W .X Chairman Cannon of the appropriations committee then ex- 2. , plained the manner in which the estimates had been approved c 2, and the efforts of the department to satisfy all interests by send ,L ing special boards to make examinations and estimates. He de c|s clared that the language of the act is such that it is apparent that JL the harbor must be built for the amount limited in the river and JC i harbor bill or not at all. But it was evident that Cannon would X have been perfectly satisfied to have the house strike out the ap- 3E, propriation. He declined to say whether or not he agreed with X the opinion of the attorney general that the estimate is for the X construction of a- breakwater alone. The committee, he de- X clared, after reading the law and the opinion of the attorney gen e*al, came to the conclusion that it had no authority to make an ,<L appropriation for a breakwater, and therefore reported an appro- Jf, $priation which was intended to b« within the authority of the law 2, that was enacted under the last river and harbor bill. Then he ell made this significant statement: "In the judgment of the com- 3k Jfei mittee, unless a deep water harbor can be constructed, in the lan- Is* e& guage and extent of the law of 1896, for 82,900,000, there can- not be one cent of this money expended." He intimated that l, the courts may yet be called upon to settle the legality of the pro- posed breakwater contract. £ f Hepburn, Maguire and Barlow indulged in running debate d. on the plans, and Mr. Maguire explained that the outer harbor will , 7~ be complete as a harbor of refuge and commerce without doing j£ anything to the inner harbor; that the inner harbor may or may ,1 dv not be improved hereafter as the demands of commerce may sug- .JL gest. It may be filled up and the filled land used for commercial e|» purposes, or excavated to a greater depth and the channel between 4» $it and the outer harbor widened and deepened. The inner har- 3C bor is in no way necessary to make the outer harbor available, he 3£ declared. $Mr. Cooper of Wisconsin made a masterly ten-minute speech ,in favor of the San Pedro appropriation, declaring that the people 3C iof this country had become tired of the persistent fight in favor of (X, the private interests that control Santa Monica harbor against JjE, the public interests that require the improvement of San Pedro ,jT habor. At the close of Mr. Cooper's speech the house voted to , L keep the San Pedro appropriation in the bill. INDEX TO TELEGRAPHIC HEWS Nine lives lost in a tenement house fire at Charleston, S. C. The French liner La Champagne, four days overdue and friends of pas sengers grow anxious. Rear Admiral Erben Insists that the cause of the disaster to the Maine will never be known until the vessel ls raised. Ryan-Green mill at San Francisco won by Ryan ln eighteen rounds; Green not knocked out, but grew too tired to move. War between Costa Rica and Nic aragua considered Inevitable, with strong probability that other Central Amerlcal states will become Involved. A report from Skaguay says Great Britain has hoisted her flag over American territory In Alaska: five men perish from cold, and scores are dying from a disease resembling ceTe bro spinal meningitis. Railroads In competition with the Canadian Pacific relieved from the observance of the long and short haul clause of the Interstate traffic law; the Joint traffic case decided; South ern Pacific promotions. The house indulges In lively debate over appropriations for harbor work made by the sundry civil bill, and lt Is agreed that no river and harbor bill will be presented at this session: the appropriation for San Pedro passed without amendment; the senate will stay with the Corbett case. Navy department officials disclaim the possession of any evidence upon which to base an oplnlor, of the cause of the destruction of the Maine; pend ing the report of the court of Inquiry, precedents are being examined rela tive to the demand for Indemnity In case Spain proves to be responsible for the disaster. and harbor items ever paid came from the committee when he (Grosvenor) was a member of it. He said that from 25 to 33 per cent of the money appropriated by a bill he helped to report had been worse than thrown away. Mr. Dlngley answered the personal at tack made upon him. The Rockland Im provement, he said, was not simply an Improvement. It included provision for a breakwater and a harbor of refuge—just such another as was being built at Sandy bay in Mr. Moody's district, and on which 1150,000 had been spent. He indignantly re pudiated the Intimation that he had ever suggested or Intimated that this appropri ation should be made In this bill. He pre sumed It had been made upon the recom mendations of the corps of engineers ln the public Interest. Catchlngs of Mississippi, Democrat, de fended the action of the appropriations committee. When the item appropriating 1400,000 for San Pedro, Cal., was reached there was some debate, ln the course of which Cooper of Wisconsin, Republican, reviewed the whole history of the protracted contest be tween San Pedro and Santa Monica, char acterizing it as the most astounding chapter in our legislative r.istory. If there was anything in the bill that ought to pass, he said, it was this. The item passed without amendment. Ah unsuccessful effort was made to se cure consideration of the bill passed by the senate for two additional regiments 6f artillery, but on objection from Cox of Tennessee. Democrat, lt went over. An amendment appropriating 1150,000 for Yaqulna bay, Oregon, was pending when the house at 5 o'clock recessed until 8, the (Continued on Page Two.) Tern Pages PRICE FIVE CENTS A BRITISH FLAG Hoisted on American Soi 1 Near Skaguay NEWS OF THE AFFRONT STIRS DEEP INDIGNATION AT THE CAMP ; FIVE MINERS DIE FROM COLD Frightful Mortality at Skaguay Re sulting Prom Cerebro-Spinal i Meningitis Special to The Herald SEATTLE,. Feb. 23.—One verified report says that the British flag has been hoisted over Summit lake, in Alaskan territory, sixteen miles toward the sea from the In ternational boundary and within fourteen miles of the American town of Skaguay. Officers and passengers of the steamer Noyo, Captain Charles Lundqulst, who arrived today from Alaaka. are authority for the information. They give it simply for what it is worth, saying that such was the common report at Skaguay when the steamer sailed last Monday. Persons returning from the lakes over the Skaguay trail to the town of Skaguay a week ago last Wednesday brought the first news of this affront to the United States. It was on that day that the British colors are alleged to have been hoisted on the site and held. There ls reported to be great Indignation at Skaguay in conse quence of the affair. MINERS FROZEN TO DEATH Certainly five and possibly eight men were frozen to death on the Skaguay trail during the days of February 17th and 18th. Five bodies were carried Into Skaguay on Sunday and Monday. Borne of them had been discovered by men coming out from Dawson. One man was found sitting on his sled with his feet between the ropes, his elbows on his knees and his head bowed as though In slumber. The Noyo's passengers say thirty-five or forty others narrowly escaped freezing along with the five mentioned. It was with difficulty that they were rescued from the trail by a party sent out from Skaguay for that purpose. WORSE THAN COLD While some are freezing on the trails a far greater number are dying from sick ness. Out of twelve patients being at tended by a single Skaguay physlcian nine died in one day. It ls asserted that there are from 100 to 130 down with the prevailing disease, which is said to be very much like cerebro-spinal meningitis. MINERS' MOVEMENTS PORT TOWNSEND. Wash., Feb. 23.— (By the Associated Press.) The steam er Pioneer, with the bark Colorado, return ed ati midnight from Skaguay. The Pio neer's officers report both Dyea and Skag uay as lively, but law-abiding. Captain Ntelson says that while thous sands of people are landing at Dyea, the population does not appear to materially increase, as the majority of those landing there are destined for interior Alaska and are pushing forward with little delay. Both the Chllkoot and White passes are re ported In good condition. On the way down the pioneer passed twenty-four vessels en route to Alaska, all crowded with passengers and freight. The Pioneer experienced the worst weather that has prevailed ln the Northern Pacific waters for many years, continuous high winds and blinding snowstorms pre vailing. TROOPS FOR ALASKA PORTLAND, Ore., Feb. 25.—The second detachment of troops from the Fourteenth Infantry, under command of Colonel T. M. Anderson, left here this afternoon for Se attle, where they will take a steamer for Southwestern Alaska. A large crowd was present to witness the departure of the detachment. The men were In heavy marching order, carry ing a rifle, 100 rounds of ammunition, knap sacks with tent, cook tent and cooking utensils. It ls believed that one of the detachments will be ordered to locate an all-Amerlcan route to the Yukon, proba bly by way of Copper river. RELIEF SUPPLIES SEATTLE. Feb. 25.—The pack train de tachment of the government Alaskan re lief expedition, which has been lying at Departure Bay, B. C, since Feb. 17th, was again started for Dyea today, a tug hav ing been secured to tow the ship Lucille, on which the pack train ls being trans ported. The mules had been landed when the tug arrived and it was necessary to reload them. This was completed this afternoon. Harner & Co., charters of the Lucille, claim that the government understood per fectly that there would be an Indefinite Walt at Nanaimo for a tug. The government has stipulated to pay Harner & Co. 16000 for the use of the Lu cille, a portion of the amount having been paid, but lt is probable that the balance will be withheld. COMING AND GOING SEATTLE, Wash., Feb. 25.—The stum er Clevelad arrived at midnight from Alas ka, with 31 passengers. She brings the news that the steamer Scotia ran aground near Juneau about a week age. The Sco tia was floated at high tide. She suffered no Injury. The Cleveland brought to Vic toria the body of Grant, who was among those who met death on the trail. The steamers Humboldt and Excelsior arrived tonight from San Francisco, en route to Alaska, with over 400 passengers. Claimed by Death SAN BERNARDINO, Feb. 2.1.—0ne of the oldest and most prominent merchants of San Bernardino, E. R. Cartwright, died this afternoon at 8 oclock of Brlght's dis ease, with other ailments. Some time since Ho had his foot amputated, and again had the leg taken oft further up. as the dis ease worked upon him, but of late he had been ln comparatively good health, when he began to fail, and death closed the scene today. He conducted one of the old est dry goods stores In the city. Capital Weather SACRAMENTO. Feb. 25.—N0 rain fell here today, but tonight there waa a light fall, with Indications of more to como. Almond and apricot trees are In full blos som here.