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A CUBAN TRIP Furnishes the Theme for Proctor's Talk THE SENATORS LISTEN TO A GRAVE, DISPASSIONATE STATEMENT EMOTIONALISM IS AVOIDED It Was as if the Senator Had Held Up His Right Hand and Sworn to It Associated Press Special Wire WASHINGTON, March 17.—Senator Proctor of Vermont, who returned last Sunday from an extended trip to and through the Island of Cuba, this afternoon made a statement to the senate of his ob servations on the island. From many points of view the state ment was remarkable. It had evidently been most carefully pre pared. Every element of sensationalism had been studiously eliminated from it, and, except as the facts recited were sen sational. It bore not the slightest evidence of an off t to arouse the public mind, al reaely keenly alive to the condition of af fairs on the lslantl. Calm and dispassionate to a. notable de gree, the utterances of the senator aroused a breathless Interest. Every person within the sound of his voice was convinced that he was putting his observations into care ful terms, lest he might subject himself to the criticism of being emotional. One of the best characterizations of the Statement was made by Senator Frye of Maine, a few minutes after its delivery. "It is," said he, "just as if Proctor had held up his right hand and sworn to it." A DRAMATIC SCENE That was the impression the statement made upon the senate. The scene ln tbe senate just preceding and during the delivery of the speech of Senator Proctor was almost dramatic in the Intensity of its interest. The occasion of the address arose very unexpectedly. The national quarantine bill was under dis cussion and Senator Mallory of Florida had been recognized for v speech In opposition to the pending measure. Mr. Frye entered the chamber and, interrupting Mr. Mal lory, requested him to yield to Mr. Proc tor, who desired to make a statement con cerning his observations In Cuba, of inter est to the senate and to the country. Instantly there was a commotion on the floor and in the galleries. It had been an ticipated that Mr. Proctor would soon make a statement, but it was not BUpOpsed that he would mnke It upon the llejorof the senate. A call of the senate was demanded by Mr. Chandler of New Hampshire and in a few minutes every senator In the capitol was In his seat and, the word having been passed through the corridors, people flocked into the galleries until they were packed. Senator Proctor was accorded the clos est attention throughout his speech. He confined himself to his manuscript und at the exinclusion, while there was no demon stration, he was cordially consratuluted by many of bis colleagues. NO FIERY ORATORY Mr. Proctor read his speech from manu script, speaking rapidly but clearly. He eaid: "More Importance seems to be attached by others to my recent visit to Cuba than I have given It. It has been suggested that I make a public statement of what I saw and how the situation impressed tne. This I do on account of public interest tn all that concerns Cuba tend to correct any In accuracies that have not unnaturally ap peared In some of the reported interviews with me. "My trip was entirely unofficial and of my own motion; not suggested by anyone. The only mention I made of it to the pres ident was to say to him that I contem plated such a trip and to ask him tf there was any objection to it. to which lie replied that he coulu see none. No one but myself, therefore. Is responsible for anything in this statement. Judge Day gave me a brief note of Introduction to General Lee und I had letters of Introduction from business friends from the north to bankers and other business men at Havana, and they in turn gave me letters to their correspondents in other cities. These letters to business men were usually useful, as the principal pur pose of my visit was to ascertain the views of practical men nf affairs upon the situa tion. A TRIBUTE TO LEE "Of Gen. Lee 1 need say little. His valu able services to his country in bis trying position are too well known to all of his countrymen to require mention. Besides his ability, high character und courage, he possesses the important requisites of unfailing tact and courtesy, and withal bis military education and training and his soldierly qualities are invaluable ad juncts in the equipment of our representa tive in a country so completely under military rule as Cuba. "Gen. Lee kindly Invited ns to sit at his table at the hotel during our stay In Ha vana, nnd this opportunity for frequent informal talks with him was of great help to me. Tn addition to the information he voluntarily gave mc. it furnished me a con venient opportunity to ask him many ques tions that suggested themselves in expla nation of things seen and heard on our trips through the country. I also met and spent considerable time with Consul Brice at Matanzas and with ('apt. Barker, a stanch ex-Confederate soldier, at Sagua la Grande, a friend of the senator from Mississsippl (Walthall). None of our rep resentatives whom I met In Cuba Is of my political faith, but there is a broader faith, not bounded by political lines. They are all fTiree true Americans and have done excellent service. THE MAINE EXPLOSION "It has been stated that 1 said there was no doubt the Maine wa.s blown up from the outside. This is a mistake. 1 may have said that such was the general Impression among Americans ln Havana. In fact, I have no opinion about It myself, and care fully avoided forming one. I gave no at tention to these outside surmises. I met the members of the court on their boat, but would us soon approach our supreme court in regard to a pending case us that board. They are as competent and trust worthy, within tho lines of their duty, is any court In the land, and their report] fc -b"n made, will carry conviction to all the people that the exact truth has been stated, just as far as It ls possible to as certain It. And until then surmise and conjecture are idle and unprofitable. Let us calmly wait for the report. "There are six provinces in Cuba, each, with the exception of Matanzas, extending the whole width of the island and having about an equal sea-front on the north and south borders. Matanzas touches the Caribbean sea only at its southwest cor ner, being separated from it elsewhere by the narrow peninsula of Santa Clara province. "My observations were confined to the four western provinces, which constitute about one-half of the Island. The two east ern ones are practically In the hands of the insurgents, except the few fortified towns. These two large provinces are spoken of today as "Cuba Libre.' "Havana, the great city and capital of thje island, is, in the eyes of the Spanish and many Cubans, all Cuba, as much as Paris is France, but having visited it In more peaceful times and seen Its sights— the tomb of Columbus, the forts. Cabanas and Moro castle, etc.—l did not care to repeat this, preferring trips In the country. Everything seemed to go on much as usual In Havana. Quiet prevails, and except for the frequent squads of soldiers marching to guard and police duty and their abound ing presence in all public places, one saw little signs of war. OUTSIDE OF HAVANA "Outside of Havana all is changed. It Is not peace nor is it war. It Is desolation and distress, misery and starvation. Every town and village Is surrounded by the trocha (trench), a sort of rifle pit, but constructed on a plan new to me. dirt be ing thrown up on the outside and a barbed wire fence on tbe other side of the trench. These trochas have at every corner and at frequent Intervals along the sides what are called forts, but they are really small block houses, many of them more like a large sentry box, and with a guard of from two to ten soldiers in each. The purpose of these trochas Is to keep the re concentrados in and keep the insurgents out. In all the surrounding country the people have been driven Into these for tified towns and held there, to subsist as they can. They are virtually prison yards, and not unlike one in general appearance. except the walls are not so high and slrong; but they suffice, where every point Is In range of a soldier's rifle, to keep in the poor reconcentrados. women and children. Every railroad station is with in one of these trochas and has an armed eruard. Every train has an armored freight car. loopholed for musketry, and filled with soldiers, and with, as I observed usually, and was informed was always the case, a pilot engine a mile or so in ad vance. There are frequent block houses, enclosed by the trocha and with a guard alons the railroad t»ack. With this ex ception there Is no human life or habita tion between the fortified towns and vil lages, and throughout the whole of the four western provinces, except to a very limited extent, among the bills, where the Spaniards have not been able lo go and drive the people to the towns and burn their dwellings. A DEVASTATED COUNTRY "I saw no house or hut in the tOO miles of railroad rides from Pinar del Rio province, in the west, across the full width of Havana and Matanzas provinces, and to Sagua la Grande, on the north shore, and to Cienfuegos, on the south shore of Santa Clara, except within the Spanish trochas. There are no domestic animais or crops on the rich fields and pastures, ex cept such as are under guard in the Im mediate vicinity of the towns. "In other words, the Spaniards hold in these four western provinces just what their army sits on. Every man, woman and child, and every domestic animal, wherever the columns have marched. Is under guard and within their so-called for tifications. To describe one place Is to describe all. To repeat, it Is neither peace nor war. 1 1 Is concentration and deso lation. Tl s the 'pacified' condition of the four \. m provinces. "West of Havana is generally the rich tobacco country; east, so far as I went it Is a sugar region. Nearly all the susar mills are destroyed between Havana and Sagua. Two or three were standing In the vicinity of Sagua and part running, surrounded as they are by trochas and 'forts' of palisades of the royal palm and fully guarded. Toward and near Cienfuogos there were more mills running, but all with the same pro tection. It Is said that the owners of these mills near Cienfuegos have been able to obtain several favors from the Spanish government tn the way of large forces of soldiers, but they also, as well as all the railroads, pay taxes to the Cubans for immunity. I had no means of verifying this. It is the common talk among those who have better means of knowledge. THE RECONCENTRADOS "All the' country people in the four west ern provinces, about 400,000 in number, re mainins outside the fortified towns when Weyler's order was made, were driven Into these towns, and these art the reconcentrados. They are the peas antry, many of them farmers, some land owners, others renting lands and owning more or less of their stock, others working on estates and cultivating small patches, and even a small patch In that fruitful ciime will support a family. It is but fair to say that the normal condition of these people was very different from tha; which prevails in this country. Their standard of comfort and prosperity was not high, measured by our own. but ac cording to tht.'ir standards and require ments, their conditions of life were satis factory. "They live mostly In cabins made of palm or in wooden houses. Some of them had houses of stone, the blackened walls of which are all that remain to show that the country was ever Inhabited. "Many doubtless did not learn of Wey ler's concentration order. Others failed to grasp its terrible meaning. Its execution was left largely to the guerrillas to drive in all that had not obeyed, and I was in formed ttiat tn many cases the torch was applied to their homes without notice, ar.d that the inmates fled wdth such clothing as they might have on their backs, their stock and other belongings being appropri ated by the guerrillas. When they reached the towns they were allowed to build huts of palm leaves In the suburbs and vacant places within the trochas ar.d left to live as best they could. Their huts are about ten by fifteen feet in size and for want of space are usually crowded together very closely. They have no Hoor but ;h-? ground, no furniture, ard after a year's wear but little clothing except such stray substitutes as they can extemporize. With large families or with more than one in this little space the commonest sanitary provisions are impossible. Conditions are unmentionable in this respect. HORRIBLE CONDITIONS "Torn from their homes, with foul earth, foul air, foul water and foul food, cr none, what wonder that one-half have, died and that one-quarter of the living are so dis eased that thej - cannot be-saved? A form of dropsy is a common disease resulting from these conditions. Children are seen LOS ANGELES HERALD: FRIDAY MORNING. MARCH 18, 1898 walking about with arms and limbs terri bly emaciated, eyes swollen and abdomen bloated to three times the natural else. The physicians say these cases are hope less. "Deaths In the street have not been un common. I was told by one of our consms that they have been found drnd about the markets In the morning, where they had crawled, hoping to get some stray bits of food from the early hucksters, and that there had been cases where they had dropped dead Inside the market, surround ed by food. These people were Independent and self-supporting before Weyier's or der. They are not beggars even now. There aro plenty of professions', beggars in every town among the regular residents, but these country people, the reconcentra dos, have not learned the art. Rarely is a hand held out lo you for alms when go ing among their huts, but the sight of them makes an appeal stronger than words. IN THE HOSPITALS "Of the hospitals I need not speak. Oth ers have described their condition far bet ter than I can. It is not within the narrow limits of my vocabulary to portray It. I went to Cuba with a strong conviction that the picture had been overdrawn, that a few cases of starvation and suffering had In spired and stimulated the press corre spondents, and that they had given free play to a strong, natural and highly culti vated imagination. Before starting I re ceived through the mail a leaflet published by the Christian Herald, wllh cuts of some of the sick and starving reconcentrados and took it with me, thinking these were rare specimens got up to make the worst possible showing. I saw plenty as bad and worse; many that should not be photo graphed and shown. I could not believe that out of a population of 1.600.000, ano.OOo had died within the Spanish forts, practi cally prison walls, within a few month" past from actual starvation and diseases caused by insufficient and improper food. My inquiries were entirely outside of sen sational sources. They were made of our medical officers, of our consuls, cf city mayors, of relief committees, of leading merchants and bankers, physicians and lawyers. Several of my informants wero Spanish born, but every time the answer was that the case had not been overstated. IT MUST BE SEEN "All I saw I cannot tell so that others can see It: it must be seen with one's own eyes to be realized. The Los Pasos hospital in Havana has been recently de scribed by one of my colleagues. Senator Oallinger, and I cannot say that his pic ture ls overdrawn, for even his fertile pen could not do that. He visited It after Dr. I.asser, one of Miss Barton's valuable nnd efficient assistants, had renovated It and put ln cots. I saw it When four hundred women and children were lying on the stone floor In an indescribable state of emaciation and disease, many with the scantiest coverings of rags—and such rags! —and sick children naked as they came into the world. The conditions in other cities are even worse. MISS BARTON'S WORK "Miss Barton needs no indorsement from me. I had known and esteemed her for many years, but had not half appreciated her capability and devotion to her work. I especally looked Into her business meth ods, fearing there would be tbe greatest danger of mistakes—that there might be want of system and waste and extrava gance—but found she could teach me on those points. I visited the warehouses where the supplies are received and dis tributed; saw the methods of checking; visited the hospitals established or organ ized und supplied by her; saw the food distributed in several cities and towns, and everything seems to be conducted in tbe best manner possible. The ample fire proof warehouse In Havana, owned by a Cuban firm, with a gang of laborers, free of charge, to unload and reshlp supplies. The children's hospital In Havana, a very large, fine private residence, is hired at X cost of less than $100 per month, not a fifth of what It would cost in this city, it is under the admirable management of Mrs. Dr. Lassar of New York, a German lady and trained nurse. I saw the rapid improvement of the first children taken there. All Miss Barton's assistants are excellently fitted for thelrdutles. In short, l saw nothing to criticise, but everything to commend. The American people may be assured that their bounty will reach the sufferers with the least possible cost and in the best manner In every respect. BLANCO'S ORDER "Gen. Blunco's order of November 13th last somewhat modifies the Weyler order, but Is of little or no practical benefit. Its application la limited to 'farms properly defended,' and the owners are obliged to build 'centers of defense.' Its execution is completely at the discretion of the local military authorities, und they know the terrible military efficiency of Weyler's or der in stripping the country of all possible shelter, food or source of information for an insurgent, and will be slow to surrender this advantage. In fact, though the order was issued four months ago. I saw no beneficent results from it worth mention ing. I do not impugn Gen. Blanco's mo tives, and believe him to be an estimable gentleman, and that he would be glad to relieve the condition of the reconcentrados If he coulel do so without loss of any mili tary advantage, but he knows that all Cubans are insurgent's at heart, and none now under military control will be allowed to go from It. THE SPANISH FORCE "It Is said there are about (50,000 Spanish soldiers now ln Cuba fit for duty, out "of over 200,000 that have been sent there. The rest have died, been sent home sick, or are in the hospitals, and some huvo been killed, notwithstanding the official reports. They are conscripts, many of them very young, und generally small men. One hundred and thirty pounds is a fair av i rage. They are quiet and obldlent, and if well drilled and led I bellve would Mrui fairly well, but not al all equal to our men. Much more would depend nn the leadership than with us. The officer must lead well and be one ln whom they have confidence, and this applies to both sides alike. I saw no drills or regular forma tion. I inquired about them of many peo ple, and was informed that they had never seen a drill. I saw perhaps 10.000 Spanish troops, but not a piece of artillery or v tent. They live In barracks and are seldom out for more than a day, returning to town nt night. "They have little or no equipment for Pears' No tub, no sponge, no luffa, no rag, al most no water— Pears' soap a cent's worth —luxury. supply trains or for a Held campaign, such as we have. Their cavalry horses are scrubby little native ponies, welshing not over 800 pounds, tough and hafay, but for the most part in wretched condition, re minding one of the mounts of Don Quixote and his squire. Some of the officers, how ever, have good horses, mostly American, I think. On both sides cavalry is consid ered the favorite and the dangerous light ing arm. SPANISH TACTICS "The tactics of the Spanish, as described to me by an eyewitness und participant ln some of the battles, ls for the Infantry, when threatened by Insurgent cavalry, to form a hollow square and lire away ad libitum and without ceasing inTtil the time comes to march bnek to town. It does not seem to have entered the minds of either side that a good infantry force can take care of itself and repulse everywhere an equal number of cavalry, nnd there are everywhere positions where cavalry would bo at a disadvantage. SAW* NO INSURGENTS "Having called on Governor and Cap tain-General Blanco and received his cour teous call in return. I could not with pro priety seek communication with the In surgents. I had plenty of offers of safe conduct to Gomez's camp, and was told that if I would write him, an answer would be returned safely within teg days at most. I saw several who visited the Insurgent camps and was sought out by ail Insurgent Held officer, who gave me the best Informa tion received as to tbe insurgent force. His statements were moderate, and I was credibly Informed that he was entirely re liable. He claimed that the Cubans had about 30,000 men now in the Held, some ln every province, but mostly in southeastern provinces and Eastern Santa Clara, and this statement was corroborated from other good sources. "They have a force all the time In Havana province Itself, organized as four small brigades and operating in small bands. They are well armed, but very poorly supplied with ammunition. They are not allowed to carry many cartridges, sometimes not more than one or two. The infantry are poorly clad. Twosmall squads of prisoners which I saw. however, one of half a dozen in the streets of Havana and one of three on the cars, were better clothed than the average Spanish soldier. Each of the prisoners, though surrounded by guards, was bound by the arms and wrists by cords and they were all tied together by a cord running along the line, a specimen of the ameniiies of their warfare. About one-third of the Cuban army are colored, mostly in the Infantry, ns the cavalry furnishes their own horses. A field officer, an American from a south ern state, spoke in the highest terms of the conduct of these colored soldiers; that they were as good lighters and had mor.' endurance than the whites, could keep up with the cavalry on a long march an.i come in fresh at night. THE POLITICAL SITUATION "The dividing lines between the parties are the most straight and clear-cut that have ever come to my knowledge. The division in our war was by means so clearly defined. It Is Cuban against Spaniard. It is practically the entire Cuban population on one side and the Spanish army and the Spanish citizens on the other. I do not count the autonomists in this division, as they are far too Inconsiderable in num bers to be worth counting. General Blanco filled the civil offices with men who had been autonomists and were, still classed as such. But the march of events has satisfied most of them that the chance for autonomy came too late. It falls as ;alk of compromise would have fallen the last year or two of our war. If It succeeds It can only be by armed force, by the tri umph of the Spanish army, and the suc cess of Spanish arms would be easier by Weyler's policy and method, for In that the Spanish army and people believe. There is no doubt rhat General Elanco ls acting in entire good faith, that he desires to give the Cubans a fair measure of autonomy, as Campos did at the close of the ten years' war. He has, of course, a few personal followers, but the army and the Spanish citizen do not want genuine au tonomy, for that means government by :he Cuban people. And It Is not strange that the Cubans say it comes too late. 1 have never had any communication, direct or indirect, with the Cuban Junta in this country or any of Us members, nor did I have with any of the Junta which exists in every city and large town of Cuba. None of the calls 1 made were upon parties or whose sympathies I had the least knowl edge, except that I knew some of them were classed as autonomists. Most of my informants were business men, who had no sides and rarely expressed themselves. I had no means of guessing in advance what their answers would be, and was in most cases greatly surprised at their frankness. I could not but conclude tha: you do not have to scratch an autonomist very deep to And a Cuban. There ls soor to be an election, but every polling place must be inside a fortified town. Such elections ought to be safe for the 'ins.' "I have endeavored to state in not an intemperate mood what I saw and heard, to make no argument thereon, but leave every one to draw his own conclusions." THE STRONGEST APPEAL "To me the strongest appeal is not the barbarity practiced by Weyler, nor the loss of the Maine, if our worst fears should prove true, terrible as both incidents are, but the spectacle of a million and a half of people, the entire native population of Cuba, struggling for freedom and deliver ance from the worst misgovernment of which I ever had knowledge. Whether our action ought not to be influenced by any one ol! all these things, and if so, how far, is another question. I am not in favor of annexation, not because that I would ap prehend any particular trouble from it, but because it is not a wise policy to take ln any people of foreign tongue and training and without any strong guiding American element. The fear that If free the people of Cuba would be revolutionary is not so well founded as has been supposed, and the conditions for good self-government are far from favorable. The large number of ed ucated and patriotic men. the great sacri fices they have endured, the peaceable temperament of the people, white or black; the wonderful prosperity that would come surely with peace and good home rule, the large inllux of American and English Im migration and money, would all be strong factors for stable Institutions. "But it is not my purpose at this time, nor do I consider it my province to suggest any plan. I merely speak of the symptoms as I saw them, but do not undertake to prescribe. Such reme dial steps as may be required may safely be' left to an American president and the American people." Throughout the delivery of the address there was not an Interruption. Mr. Proctor left tbe senate chamber soon after he had finished his address, but not before he had been he artily congratulated by many of his colleagues. BILLS PASSED During the morning session the follow ing bills were passed; Authorizing the Ne braska, Kansas and Gulf railway to con struct a railroad through the Indian terri tory; to authorize the statue of the late President Lincoln at Gettysburg, Pa., to cost 150,000; to prohibit railroad companies from charging more than 8 cents per mile for carrying passengers through the In dian territory; to authorise the construc tion of a gunboat on the great lakes to take the place of the U. 8. S. Michigan and to cost, exclusive of armament, not to exceed 8230,000. At 2 oclock the consideration of the na tional quarantine bill was resumed, Bacon of Georgia and Mallory of Florida speaking in opposition. The conference report on the agricultural bill was adopted. After a brief executive session the senate, at 4:60 p. m., adjourned until Monday. Nominations WASHINGTON, March 17,-The presi dent today sent these nominations to tho senate: Postmasters: California—E. 8. New comb, Coronado: S. E. Kelley, San Bernar dino; G. F. Wood, Modesto; G. B. Dexter, Santa Monica. IN THE HOUSE The Whole Say Given to Postofflce Affaire WASHINGTON. March 17.—N0 political questions were discussed in the house to day. The whole session was devoted strictly to the postofflce appropriation bill, which was taken up for amendment under tho Aye minute rule. The questions which consumed the greater portion of the time related to the allowance for clerk hire at postofflces, and free rural delivery. Sperry, Republican, of Connecticut of fered an amendment to Increase the allow ance for clerk hire from $11,000,000 to $11, --300,000. The vote was a tie—Sß to 85—and Hull, Re publican, of lowa, who was ln the chair, defeated It by casting his vote ln the nega tive. Another amendment to increase the clerk hire allowance $200,000 was Immedi ately offered and ln the course of the de bate members representing rural districts seemed inclined to array themselves against those from the great cities on the ground that the appropriation for clerk hire was absorbed by the big offices. Hepburn, Republican, of lowa gave no tice that he should offer un amendment to allow the postmaster general, in his dis cretion, to use half a million of the appro priation ln the third and fourth class of rices. The amendment was strongly antagon ized by the appropriations committee. It was defeated—4B to 60. Hepburn then offered the amendment of which he had given notice and it was adopted without a division. Babcock, Republican, of Wisconsin moved to strike out the provision limiting the use of the $150,000 appropriation for rail road free delivery to the payment of car riers and horse hire allowance. Loud and others who opposed the motion sjiid the limitation hud been placed on the appropriation to prevent the use of this experimental fund for any except the ac tual work of delivering the mails In the country. Loud said not one of these ap propriations should be used to pay political debts with. Every dollar should go for rural delivery, which had now passed the experimental stage. Rural free delivery wus un unqualified success. Babcoek's motion was defeated. Stocks, Democrat, of South Carolina moved to increase the appropriation for free delivery from $150,000 to $300,000. After considerable debute the amendment was adopted—loß to 37. Representative Wheeler of Alabama in troduced the following Joint resolution: "Resolved, that a joint committee, con sisting of live members of the senate, to be appointed by the vice president, the live members of the house, to be appointed by the speaker, be created to report without delay to the two houses an address to government of Spain declaring in firm and diplomatic language that Americans and American Interests In Cuba must be pro tected and that the atrocities now being perpetrated in that Island must cease. "Resolved, that the executive be re quested to immediately transmit this ad dress to the government of Spain by such methods as he may deem most advisable, together with a letter of Indorsement and approval of this action on the part of con gress." At 5:10 p. m. the house adjourned. AN ARMY BILL WASHINGTON, March 17.—Representa tive Hull of lowa, chairman of the house * ."V Opening X Announcement W. E. Cummings, " The Shoe Man/ announces the opening of his new and modern Broadway Shoe Establishment for Saturday, March \9, 1898. We may in modesty say that this is the most complete and best stocked shoe store on the Pacific Coast, and there are few, if any, in the eastern cities that will equal it. No expense has been spared to make it the BEST STORB in every particular. No desirable style in the shoe world has been for gotten in the selection of our stocks, while all the staunch and stand ard grades have been remembered. The policy laid down for this new departure is that which has characterized our business for a number of years here in Los Angeles—namely, "High Quality at Reasonable Prices." AH are invited to call and inspect the store and stock on our opening day. An appropriate souvenir ot the occasion Reception Hours .. 10 a. at. to Sp. ra. will be presented to each lady visitor. 7 P- ta. to 9 p. at. •* t* *J» «# t* committee on military affairs, today In troduced a bill reorganising the line of the army. It Is a sweeping measure, mak ing many changes in the existing system. It makes the peace organisation of each regiment of Infantry now ln service here after embrace one colonel, one lieutenant colonel, two majors, ten captains, twelve lieutenants, ten second lieutenants, one sergeant-major, one quartermaster ser geant, one chief musician, two •principal musicians, two battalions of four compa nies each and two skeleton or unarmed companies, the organised companies to be constituted by law. Section 2 provides that In time of war the president, In his discretion, may establish a third battalion for each Infantry regiment, consisting ot four companies, to be supplied by manning the two skeleton companies and by organ izing two adltional companies. The vacan cies of commissioned officers In the addi tional companies shall be filled by pro motions by seniority ln the Infantry and by appointments, as now. The bill then authorises the president, tn war time, to Increase the enlisted strength to not ex ceeding 260 enlisted men for each company, 100 total enlisted men for each cavalry troop, and 200 total enlisted men for each battery of heavy artillery, 176 total enlisted men for each battery of field artillery and 150 total enlisted men for each company of engineers. The quartermaster and com missary sergeants and veterinary sur geons are to have the pay and allowances of sergeants of their respective nrms. The rest of the bill makes provision for war emergencies. The bill ls the result of an agitation for a plain and simple regulation organization measure that has been In progress for a long period. Secretary Alger and the war department officials and members of the bouse committee on military affairs have been conferring frequently about the pro posed legislation, and the present bill is the outcome of the deliberate considera tion given to the matter by both the ad ministration and the house committee. The bill has already been considered by a subcommittee of the miliary affairs com mittee, and it was unanimously agreed that It should be Introduced and its passage pressed. STATE NOTES I'nited States District Judge DeHaven of San Francisco has appointed Wm. F. James I'nited States court commissioner at San Jose. Meager reports were received at Red ding last night of the finding of a $20,000 pocket by William Blngrave in the Wash ington mine, at French gulch, twenty-two miles from there. St. Patrick's day was celebrated at Sun Jose by the Ancient Order of Hibernians. There was a procession, religious exercises at St. Patrick's church. Rev. Father Mnrk ey of Santa Clara delivering the panegyric, and a banquet in the evening. The preliminary examination of James White, a traveling pump-mender of Stock ton, on the charge of attempted criminal assault on the S-year old daughter of Rev. Mr. Meredith was held with closed doors before Justice Parker yesterday. White was held, with bonds fixed nt $0000. Kukichl I'chlda, councillor of the de partment of communications of Toklo, Japan, is in San Francisco, making a study of local shipping methods. He has been sent out by the Japanese government, and will visit every Important seaport ln the United States before returning home. W. H. Menke, proprietor of the Ivanco vlch winery, In Santa Clara county, has filed his petition ln Insolvency at San Francisco. Liabilities, $30,345.90; no assets. The principal creditors are; California Tar tar works, $2565; August Petzola, $2320.77; Sanderson & Co., $2119.80; David Werner, $591.20: H. Menke of Bremen, Germany, $13,269.05. F. G. McClelland, one of the Intervenors in the case of the Atlantic Trust company vs. Woodbrldge Canal and Irrigation com pany, filed ln the United States circuit court at San Francisco the papers on ap peal to the United States circuit court of appeals. Several other Intervenors, of whom there are between forty and fifty, will file similar papers tomorrow. After having W. A. Cowdery on the stand nearly all day In the legal battle at Stock ton over the Kasson thousands, court ad journed until Tuesday next on account of the Illness of Mary Mann, an Important witness. It developed that Cowdery had known thut Kasson had a son ln the per son of George Kasson, and that he (Cow dery) had omitted to mention that son's name when he filed a petition for the dis tribution of the estate. DEATH OF B. K. BRUCE REMOVES A REMARKABLE AFRO AMERICAN A Brief Outline of a Life Begun l*. Slavery and Including High Position WASHINGTON, March 17.—Hon. Blanche W. Bruce, Register of tho Treasury, died today at 8:16. Mr. Bruce's death had been expected for several days. He suffered from a complication of stomach troubles, which at first appeared not serious, but last week he began to lose strength and by the close .of the week It became evident his vitality was ebbing fast. Mr. Bruce's only child, a son, Roscoe C. Bruce, 18 years of age, arrived here yesterday from Exeter, N. H., where ha BLANCHE K. BRTJCH is taking a preparatory course for Har vard. The funeral will take place on Monday. The services will be held at Metropolitan Methodist Episcopal Church (colored). Blanche K. Bruce was born in Prince Edward county, Virginia, March 1, 1841, and therefore was 57 years old. He was of African descent, was born a slave and received the rudiments of an education from the tutor of his master's son. He taught school for a time ln Hannibal, Mo., and later became a student at Oberlln. In 1869 he became a planter in Mississippi and was appointed a mem ber of the Mississippi Levee Board. He was elected Sheriff of his county and subsequently Superintendent of Educa tion. In 1875 he was elected United States Senator as a Republican and served until March 3, 1881. He waa a member of every Republican National Convention held since 1868. In 1888 he was appointed by President Garfield Register of the Treasury, and later was appointed Recorder of Deeds for the District of Columbia, About six months ago he was again appointed Register of the Treasury by President McKinley. Next to Fred Douglass, Mr. Bruce had long been regarded as perhaps the most conspicuous man of his race. y A Diphtheria Quarantine STOCKTON, March 17.—There are two cases of diphtheria ln the family of Manuel Enos, on South Monroe street. The cases were reported to Health Officer Ruggtes last Friday, and since then the house has been under strict quarantine, and no one except the attending physician Is allowed to pnss ln or out of the house. Two chil dren are down with the disease, and a sign In front of the house reads: "Diphtheria here; keep out." The children had been attending the Jackson school, corner of San Joaquin nnd Jackson streets. Pupils who had been sitting In adjoining seats were sent home and have not been allowed to attend school since then, as it Is feared that some of them may have caught the disease. Zelaya in Control SAN DIEGO, March 17.—The British gun boat Pheasant arrived this evening from the south. She reports that when she left Corlnto, February 25th. the Zelaya party wus apparently In full control of Nicara gua.