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The Herald THE HERALD PUBLISHING COMPANY WILLIAM A. SPALDING President and General Manager, 138 SOUTH BROADWAY. telephone Main 247, Business Office and Subscrip tion Department. Telephone Main Ist, Editorial and Local Depart ments. BATES OF SUBSCRIPTION Dally, by carrier, per month I 76 Dally, by mall, one year (00 Dally, by mail, six month* 4 50 Dally, by mall, three months 2 25 Sunday Herald, by mail, one year I 00 Weekly Herald, by mall, one year 1 00 POSTAGE RATES ON THE HERALD 48 pages 4 cent* 32 pages 2 cents Kpages 3cents 28 pages 2 cents 24 pages scents 16 pages Scents 12 pages 1 cent EASTERN AGENTS FOR THE HERALD A. Frank Richardson, TrtbuDe Building, New York; Cbamber of Commerce building, Chicago. TEN DOLLARS REWARD The above reward will be paid for tbe arrest and conviction of any person caught stealing The Herald after delivery to a patrou. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 33, 1898. A SPECIAL NEWS SERVICE The Herald has a special and exclusive telegraph service that Is unequaled by any paper west of Chicago with the ' single exception of the San .Francisco Examiner. Wot only is to he fonnd in these pages the rail report of the Associated Press, the greatest newsgatherlng agency in the world, but an exclusive service from special correspondents at San Francisco, Chicago, New York, and 'Washington, Who have exceptional advantages by their connection with the greatest news papers In those cities. The fall reports of the Associated Press, slay and night, amount In all to an aver age of 80000 words. Tbese are dally supplemented in The Herald by exclusive dispatches, which vary from 600 to 2000 words per day. STILL IN THE SADDLE Mr. Huntington is still in the saddle! A special dispatch from Washington to The Herald this morning indicates that grave danger exists that the San Pedro harbor appropriation -will be defeated in the senate. The sub-committee of the appropriations committee has already voted against It, and should the com mittee as a whole report it adversely it will be extremely difficult to get the appropriation through the senate. Mr. Huntington's agents are said to be hard at work, and every influence that can be brought against the measure is being vigorously employed. The California delegation ls, of course, doing every thing in its power to prevent the con summation of the proposed outrage, and It may yet be prevented. It must be ad mitted, however, that the outlook this morning is somewhat gloomy. It is now almost a year since The Her ald exposed the latter day conspiracy of Huntington against the harbor, and placed the responsibility where if be longed, on the shoulders of the Repub lican administration. The progress of events has proved the exactness and ac curacy of the charges then made, and the present situation only emphasizes the shameful policy that has prevented Justice from being done. Mr. C. P. Huntington is one of the heaviest creditors of the Republican party. For years he has been a very large contributor to the Republican campaign fund. He is one of the engines of the money power that placed Mr. Mc- Kinley In the presidential chair, and which has, in most things, controlled the policy of the administration. When Mr. Huntington, therefore, makes a sight draft upon the Republican party it is promptly honored. The great commercial pirate drew- on the adminis tration last summer, and the requisi tion was quickly accepted by Secretary Alger, who, by his sneaking, do-nothing policy, delayed the harbor project, placed It in the hands of congress, after the matter had practically been settled, and paved the way for the renewal of the cor rupt practices of Huntington's agents. Speaker Reed has been hostile to the measure all along. President McKinley, despite his protestations that he would Bee that Justice was done, omitted to Bay the word that would have insured the beginning of the work last year. From every point of view, In every phase of the situation, and at every stage of the game, the Republican administra tion has been the pliant tool of the Huntingtonian interests. For six long years the influence of the arch monopolist has been sufficient to defeat the will of the people and the ends of justice in the San Pedro harbor mat ter. And now, after all the old obstacles have been cleared away and the end seemed to be In sight, the right is again threatened through the meek subserv iency of the administration to one of the' Republican party's political creditors. J Such a monstrous state of affairs is j a menace to the people of the- whole | country. It threatens the foundations of the republic. Of one thing the public! may rest assured—that the. Republican party will be held strictly to account it the San Pedro harbor appropriation I falls. There will be reckoning days In the future, and we shall still get the harbor. AGAIN ON THE BRINK It once again begins to look as though "the days of peace and slumberous calm are fled," or at least that the wings are being adjusted to flight, for we have now the most positive assurance, more or less weighted with official sanction, that be fore the week shall close the president will have submitted to congress a special message on the Cuban question, accom panying It with the long-withheld re ports of the consuls and commercial agents of the government as to the con ditions on the Island and the effects of the Spanish war policy upon the people and their industries; with the report of the naval court of inquiry regarding the cause of the destruction of the battleship Maine, together, doubtless, with a state ment of what the executive departments of the government have accomplished in the way of placing the country in a condition for effective defense. And all of this will doubtless be supplemented, either with suggestions and recom mendations regarding the duty of the United States, as viewed by the execu tive, or by a formal surrender of the presidential prerogative to the judgment and the discretion of the direct repre sentatives of the people, for such action as they may see. fit to take. This consummation need not neces sarily mean war. It need not be taken as conclusive that diplomacy has utterly failed, or that it will be abandoned In the Interest of peace. It will, nevertheless, be tantamount to an ultimatum, from which the country may not with honor recede, and which Spain will reject at her peril. Tho approach to this eminence of a crisis has not been without deliberation and prayerful consideration. President, congress and people have weighed the responsibilities, countedithe cost and dis counted the consequences. They have never once lost sight of the injunction; Beware Of entrance to a quarrel; but, being In, Bear 't that the opposed may beware of thee. Never had country cause more Just. Never was nation better equipped for engaging In armed contention for the right. Never was a people more willing to make sacrifices for a great principle. But— We all yet hope a war may be averted: We all trust that eternal justice may triumph without further bloodshed. WITHOUT A PARALLEL It is probable that only a very limited number of people now living In this coun try are able to even approximately real ize the conditions existing in Cuba, which newspaper men, federal consuls, sena tors, congressmen and agents of the American Red Cross have vainly endeav ored to depict. The policy of concentra tion and wholesale starvation on the is land has, perhaps, no parallel. All of the surviving veterans of the war, however, will have little diffi culty in appreciating the superficial effects of three years of guer illa warfare upon Cuba, for they saw the fairest land the sun ever shone upon laid waste, the net results of a hundred years of civilizing influences swept away, a prosperous people impoverished, and ev ery essential utility for development and progress destroyed. Before the war closed almost the entire country, from the Red river of the south to the Florida reefs, and from Sabine pass to the fair Shenandoah valley, had been laid waste; houses and barns and fences had been burned, implements removed, bridges destroyed, railroads and telegraph lines torn up, trees and plants and grass ef faced, and the whole face of nature des olated. One might travel for hundreds of miles through a once populous and prosperous country without seeing a sol itary reminder of animal or vegetable life; not a single human being, horse, cow, dog or fowl, and only here and there the crumbling ruin of a former happy home or the charred walls of a flourish ing school or college—the whole ensemble the "abomination of desolation." There was, doubtless, much suffering among the southern people, much of pri vation and distress, but when the worst is told of what transpired in the sunny southland during those four years of blood and carnage, it doubtless falls short of paralleling the horrors of Wey lerism in Cuba today. FALL INTO LINE! It is to be hoped that every citizen of Los Angeles, regardless of party, will read and study the recommenda tions of the reorganization committee of the Democratic executive committee of this county, a summary of which was presented in this department of The Herald yesterday morning. It is safe to say that such an epitome of real re forms has never before been urged upon the people of this section by any party or organization. In the whole range of recommenda tions, from national and state affairs to the problems of municipal government, there is nothing to which every citizen of Los Angeles county, be he Democrat, Republican or Populist, if he has the best interests of the community at heart, may not cheerfully subscribe. The reforms urged are entirely non-partisan in char acter, except as they refer to matters in side the Democratic organization, such as the conduct and record of Democrat- ' ie officials. It is, however, the plain province and mission of the Democratic party, as the, party of the people and of honest reform, to take the initiative in turning the shad ow of recommendation into the substance of reform. The county executive com mittee has proved that it is alive to the LOS ANGELES HERALD: WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 23^1898 needs of the hour by appointing the re organisation committee; It now remains for the committee, and'then the party, to make the cause of these reforms their own. If they will do this a glorious tri umph ls assured for Democracy and Its allies next November. Retrenchment, economy and efficiency will be served if the people will but in dorse and support the efforts of the Democratic party to redeem Los Angeled county. Just so soon as the party shall officially make the cause of the suggested reforms its own, the harvest will begin. CHARTER-MAKING AGAIN In Ban Francisco the business of charter-making is proceeding along nearly the same lines as those laid down by the various organisations that have taken up the work in Los Angeles. The Oakland Enquirer, having criticised the plan much as the Times of this city crit icised the Los Angeles way, the San Francisco Star says: The Oakland Enquirer, commenting on the Los Angeles plan of having all parties and some prominent organisa tions represented In the proposed board of charter freeholders, says "that ls a good method If the object Is to get In all sorts, but not a very good way, we should say, If the object ls to secure a practical working board, which can agree with Itself and accomplish some thing." On the contrary, it Is Just the way to get a charter that will please everybody as nearly as that can be done. The board of freeholders here was constituted on a similar principle, and, while Its charter does not alto gether "agree with Itself" on alPpolnts, the lines of disagreement are not co- termlnous with party lines. It Is by no means impossible for any exclusive or special committee to frame a charter that shall possess many points of excellence, and be Just and fair to all classes and Interests; but it is another thing to instill the fullest confidence re garding it into the public mind. The impression is general that as a city charter affects all classes, all classes, broadly speaking, should have a voice in constructing it. It is upon this plan that the Los An geles organization is proceeding, and it should be given a fair chance. It ought not to be condemned In advance. THE PASSING OF MORTON "What to do with our vice presidents" is a problem that has never been forced upon us for speedy solution, for until now none who have ever occupied that exalted position has given us occasion for solicitude. All but the few who have found in it a stepping to even greater distinction have, at the end of their terms, dropped unobserved into the rela tive oblivion of private station, pursuing unostentatiously the paths of pleasant ness and peace, and doing naught to pro voke our serious concern. The single exception Is Levi P. Morton, singularly honored in the past, by a not too discriminative people, with the chief magistracy of the Empire state, with the mission to France, and the second place in dignity and responsibility in the nation, who now, in the plentltude of years and honors, should at least be reflecting them upon his country. I Instead, however, he has lately emerged from his obscurity to—look after the honor of the nation? No, but to safeguard the Interests of a syndi cate of shylocks, who have become pos sessed of a large block of Spanish war bonds, how it does not so much mat ter. Their investment will need to be charged off to profit and loss in the event this government shall be Involved in a war with Spain for Cuban independence, in the event of the failure of the scheme of autonomy, if Spanish sovereignty over Cuba shall be withdrawn, and de pendence for the payment of the securi ties shall be had upon Spanish honesty and Spanish ability to pay. Mr. Morton's visits to the White House have been frequent of late. Mr. Hanna has discovered ways for often in troducing him into the presidential pres ence. Even Mr. McCook has yielded to the ex-vice presidential advances. As a consequence we have heard much more than we have wished to hear about the purchase of Cuba, about the guar antee of Spanish war bonds, about the partition of the island, and about Inter vention to compel the patriots to lay down their arms. Mr. Gage spoke at Cleveland Friday night, but his utterances lacked virility. Indeed, he spoke as a crushed states man, painfully conscious of his inability to impress his financial views upon the people. He whined over the attitude of the senate, deplored the fact that the minority in the country threatened to reopen the question settled in 1896, as if afraid to again submit it, as now under stood, to the judgment of the country, and then insulted the intelligence of his hearers by holding up to them the prom ise of an international agreement for the free coinage of silver, as if that achieve ment would not fundamentally unsettle j the setttlement of 1836. Mr. Gage is cer tainly entitled to share with Secretary I Sherman the compassion which the pub j lie always has for imbecility and inanity. In our dispatches this morning Senator Chandler Is made to promise a presi dential proclamation regarding "famine and sickness" in Cuba, and that It will not be delayed many days. But there are other phases of the Cuban situation which, it is hoped, will not be ignored by the president. There Is the matter of their independence from Spanish rule, that should not be neglected. No relief short of that will be lasting. No other settlement will be approved by the American people. Food and clothing and medicine have already gone there, and Its distribution has been sanctioned by the Spaniards. What the people of Cuba most want is not included in the promise of the president, vouchsafed by Mr. Chandler. Spain's ends will best be subserved by ar. agreement to refer to European ar bltratlon the determination of responsi bility for the Maine disaster. The exam ination made by Its naval authorities has been notoriously superficial, with no real purpose of arriving at the actual facts. Its report could as well have been made up before the Spanish divers went Into the hull of the Maine. It will be formu lated with the sole object of offsetting the report of the United States navai board, and thus completing the issue for reference to European diplomacy. In which game Spain would expect, of course, to hold the Joker. Can tt bs possible the administration will consent to be led Into such a trap? The administration very strongly as- sured the country that the recent with drawal of a number of war vessels from the Tortugas was in conformity with a long-cherished desire to form a flying squadron at Hampton Roads, and had no reference to the suggestion that came from Madrid, that the mobilizing of a na val force so near to Cuba was a menace likely to have Its effect In encouraging the Insurgents. The explanation was very plausible, but it will be observed that the Spanish government recognizes It as an act "demonstrating the cor diality existing between the two coun tries," and to be credited to Polo's ef forts. It is this sort of thing that makes the average American patriot wroth. General Montgomery Moore, com mander of the British forces in North America, was interviewed in Boston yes terday, and gave it as his opinion that if any servant of Spain blew up the Maine, "the law of nations would compel her to make reparation and discipline the of fenders." The suggestion that the of fenders should be "disciplined" is good. It sounds as if General Montgomery Moore had been coached by General Marcus A. Hanna. That great American chieftain Is also in favor of disciplining the "offenders.". The rechrlstening of the new battle ship Amazonas, in honor of Louisiana's metropolis, will doubtless meet with gen eral approval. More reasons than those which prevailed with the secretary of the navy might have been urged. Its foreign origin may not with propriety be urged. The title is sufficiently eu phonious, and it is historically sug gestive of Its fitness. The Abrouall will be renamed the Albany, in honor of the capital of the Empire state. That is not so ominously thunderous, but it will do. The speaker of the Ohio house of rep resentatives, supposed to be in close touch with the president, thinks matters have gone so far that diplomaoy cannot avert a conflict; that it will be short; that Cuba will be free, and that the United States will secure from Spain all it demands. But has the gentleman not overlooked the potency of Wall street, In the last heat as at the scratch? The views of Sir Charles Dilke, always worthy of respect, are peculiarly inter esting at this juncture. He takes the ground that in the event of a conflict with Spain, Japan is the only power that would be likely to take a hand, and only to the extent of seizing the much coveted Philippine islands. Her ambition in that quarter will meet with no opposition from this side of the water. Blanco, it is said, threatens to re sign if the Spanish torpedo fleet Is de tained at the Canary islands, "in obe dience to the demand of President Mc- Kinley," notwithstanding the claim that several vessels have been withdrawn from the Dry Tortugas, "in obedience to the demand of Senor Polo." Blanco evidently takes little stock in recip rocity. Another vessel in the Klondike trade Is this morning reported lost, with all on board, more than forty in number. This is the fourth marine disaster involving human life since the first of the year, nor is it likely to be the last, any old tub that will clear the headlands being deemed fit to carry passengers to the gold fields. The army appropriation bill, which will be reported to the house today, seems to be properly safeguarded in the matter of increasing the effective strength of the regular army. It limits the president's prerogative of filling the skeleton regiments to times of war, after hostilities have actually begun. The Pacific coast is in proper evidence in the naval appropriation bill, reported to the house yesterday. One of the three new battleships provided for will be built here, while $850,000 is set aside for a dry dock at Mare Island. The country is safe. Speaker Reed has finally concluded to allow the house of representatives to act. The president is grateful. Not Yet Mr. Larimer—How Is it that I don't hear you shouting for war, Ellsworth? Mr. Ellsworth—Oh, my time will come when one of the war shouters hires me to go as his substitute.—Pittsburg Chronicle Telegraph. The Opposition "Why," the member from Wayback was asked, "do you think the measure would bring calamity upon us?" "Because," he replied, "It was not Intro duced by a member of the party to which 1 belong."—Chicago News. An Imposing Appearance "Honesty ls fairly written upon that man's countenance." "I suppose that is the reason he has found it possible to get In debt to nearly everybody in this town."—Chicago News. "Quid Rides" A devilfish recently killed at Portland, Ore., was found to have a vermiform ap pendix. And the doctors are all blaming themselves because he died without their assistance.—Cleveland Plain Dealer. A Pleasant Change Softkigh—You must excuse me, Miss Cutting; I'm not quite myself tonight. Miss Cutting—How delightful—how de lightful; Introduce me to the other fellow, will you?— Chicago New«. y THE PUBLIC PULSE (The Herald under this heading prints communications, but does not assume re sponsibility tor the sentiments expressed. Correspondents are requested to cultivate brevity as far as Is eonslstent with the proper expression of their news.) "All Fool's Night" To the Editor of the Los Angeles Herald: I see it ls announced by the committee of thirty that it has decided that "all-fools' night shall not be considered a part of the Fiesta, and shall not have a place on the program." The language used ls diplomat ic, to say the least The committee does not say nor clearly convey the Idea that there Is to be no "all-fools' night" as an out growth of the Fiesta. In saying the Fiesta shall close on Saturday afternoon, the com mittee stops short and leaves us In doubt as to Saturday night. I understand that a large amount of the money subscribed ls from wholesale and retail liquor dealers, and they have sub scribed It with the distinct understanding that the last night of the carnival shall be held for their benefit. They do not care whether the night ls under the auspices of the Fiesta or not. All they ask ls to run open that night, and we know what that means by the experience of the past. Now, what we want to know ls whether The city authorities are going to license that night as a great debauch, such as has characterized previous carnivals. If they are, then the good people of the city will be asked to withhold their contribu tions. There are several objectionable features to the Fiesta proper that ought to be eliminated, but for the outrageous prac tices of the last night, as hitherto con ducted, there Is no excuse whatever In a civilized community. Let the community be assured by the committee and the city authorities that Saturday night shall not be turned Into a masked and drunken de bauch, whether under the management of the Fiesta committee or not. and I am sure that opposition will be withdrawn. STEPHEN BOWERS, Editor California Voice. His More nature Thoughts To the Editor of the Los Angeles Herald: I noticed "Young American's" letter In The Herald, objecting to an Anglo-American alliance, and would say that I, too, had the same ideas whon I first left school. There is no question but that the influence of the ordinary school text-book treatment of the causes that led up to the war of the Ameri can revolution is responsible for Anglo phobia In young men of this country, and it ls much to be deplored. England today 1b the only democratic country on the globe that could be of as sistance to us in case of war, and It Is approaching a national crime for any one to utter sentiments that may make such an alliance Impossible. It Is true we would have no trouble in disposing of Spain, but where would we be with a coalition of Austria, Germany, Russia and France against us? And such a coalition of the autocratic governments against us as the representative democracy Is certainly not by any means an Impossibility. This ls the era of combinations, and an Isolated na tion ls lost. I admit that an Anglo-Ameri can alliance is as Important to England as to us, but, even If It were of infinitely more importance to her than to us, that would be no reason for our rejecting It. We cannot discuss allying ourselves with an autocracy, and we must look for some alliance In the near future, and what country but England Is among the possi bilities? I am by no means English In my sentiments, owing to birth, as all my an cestors are American. I had ideas shortly ago quite In consonance with "Young American," but have outgrown them with the advance of time. J. S. D. The New Charter I To the Editor of The Los Angeles Herald: I read in yesterday's Herald an editorial in which you criticise the attitude of the Times regarding the framing of the city charter. But the Times says, and you agree with It, that the board of freeholders who will draft the charter, should represent as far as possible all legitimate shades of pub lic opinion; let me add, and practical ex perience. Where and how do men become experts In the science of city government? What class of men becomes expert? Is It the man who attends to his business at home, or ls it the man who is elected to do tho business of the public at the city hall? I believe it is the latter. I believe also that an amended charter is better than one framed by a board of freeholders. The first is revised by the committee of the council, which ls composed of practical men, while this condition does not always obtain with the latter, Look at the inequality of the present city charter. The city clerk, who is the hub of the city government, so to speak, and has seven or eight deputies to look after, gets <2400 a year. The city auditor, who doeg not have one-third as much work to do gets *3000. The present method of electing the school board ls a failure so far as this city ls con cerned, at least. One of the present board suggests that the school directors be five in number, to be appointed by the mayor. I move to amend that there be one director from each ward as at present, to be ap pointed by a committee of three composed of the mayor, the city clerk and the city engineer. The city clerk should be elected by She people. Salaries are altogether too high. They are as large as those paid by the great state of Calfornla to her officials. The street department should be under the immediate control of the city council and its superintendent appointed by that body. Some attention should be given to the city irrigation system. There ls too much leasing to private parties. M. T. COLLINS. Legal Tender or Promissory Notes To the Editor of the Los Angeles Herald: What was the first money issued by the government during the civil war—legal tender or promissory notes? P. H. CONDON, Los Angeles. By the act of July 17, 1861, the secretary of the treasury was authorized to issue $50,000,000 in treasury notes, without inter est, payable on demand, the denominations of not less than $10, which should be pay able for salaries and other dues from the treasury. By another act, August 5, 1861, the lowest denomination of these notes was fixed at $5, and they were made receivable for all public dues. February 12,1862, $10, --000,000 more of these notes were authorized. By act of March 17,1862, these notes, known as "demand notes," were made legal tender for all payments and receivable for all public dues. Including Imports; they are the only notes given the full functions of money, the so-called legal tender notes or greenbacks not being receivable for duties or payable for Interest on the public debt. As a consequence, when gold went to a premium of $2.85 these demand notes went right along with it. The first legal tender notes authorized by the United States were Issued under the act of February 25, 1862, when $150,000,000 in greenbacks were author ised. I Men's Suits... 1 ... At $10.00 • No man should invest in a new suit before seeing our line ot Ten | • Dollar Specials. You will be surprised at the finish and style we • • offer for the money, of course you know about the wearing qualities 5 of the suit we sell. We have better suits at Fifteen and Twenty, ■ the best at Twenty-two. Do not forget us when your thoughts j j 2 turn to the New Spring Suit. | Mullen G Bluett Clothing Co.! ■ N. W. Corner First and Spring Streets ■•■•■•■•^•■•■•■•S Established ISTS—lacorperated IB9M CONCERNING OUR REMOVAL There are two important fa/:ts we desire to impress on the public mind: First—lt is the intention to open our new establishment with an entire new gathering of merchandise. Second —Every article in our store, including all new spring goods, is now offered for sale at very marked reductions from normal prices— agency goods excepted. We do not seek sensation. It is expected as soon as our reductions become generally known that the volume of trade will healthfully increase until the desired end is attained. COULTER DRY GOODS CO. Corner Second and Spring Streets REFRIGERATORS A Maglo Island ..... Santa Catallna. Three and • bait hour, from Lot Angeles, Cel. Charming Climate, Wonderftil Natnral As> trsctlona. FafnoUi Flihlng and Wild Goal Shooting; Greet Mountain Stage Ride, etc., em. Hotel Metropolo. remodeled, enlarged. New ateaat.r Faloon. Round trip eterr wee* dar V«o«j"x r-.ouriloaa-M.roalu, A*prtUand 17. M.y Ll4 and » t*.. E. B llm» Uhle*. gull lnformafloa »ud illuttraied pampkuts Item Banning Pp., tti a Bprlng Bt. Lee Angela., eel. Consumption Cured DR. W. HARRISON BALLARD IN THE PUBLIC EYE Olive Schrelner. the noted woman writer, ls one of the most consistent advocates of the "emancipation" of women. Mrs. Eliza A. Lowell, a descendant of the first settler of Hallowell, Me., has made a donation of $10,000 to build a wing of the library building In that town. President Eliot, In his last annual report to the overseers of Harvard university, expressed the opinion that athletics and high scholarship do not harmonize. Mrs. Louisa Jackson Arnold, the only sur viving sister of "Stonewall' Jackson, is a resident of a water-cure Institution on the outskirts of Columbus, Ohio. Shlgetsuna Furuya, a young Japanese newspaper man, who was a regular corre spondent In Hawaii during the revolution, is now studying law and politics In Ann Arbor university. Frau Coslma Wagner has In her posses sion four unpublished completed plays by her husband entitled "Luther," "Freder ick the Great," "Hans Sachs' Second Mar riage" and "Duke Bernhard of Saxe-Wel mar." The new French commander in chief ls Gen. Jamont, who Is a Breton. He Is 67 years of age, and served In the Crimea, Lombardy and Mexico. He was also at Metz in 1870 and in 18SS commanded the Tonquin expedition. William Henry Domvllle, who has Just died In London, was associated with Hux ley, Tyndall and others In the formation of the Sunday Lecture society and the movement for getting the national muse ums and art galleries opened to the public on Sundays. At a recent sale of autograph letters in London an original plan and survey entire ly In the hand of George Washington and made by him In 1750, when a surveyor In the woods of Virginia, was sold for $50. A fine letter written by William Perm, dated 1707, brought $56.85. The Cherche Midi prison In Paris, where Dreyfus and Esterhasy were confined, was once the home of Mme. Recamier. It was built In the seventeenth century. It became a prison early In this century, and It was In It that Victor Hugo married his wife, who was the daughter of Foucher, who lived there. Rev. A. J. D. Haupt, pastor of the Memo rial Evangelical English Lutheran church of St. Paul, Minn., has raised a commo tion by accusing members of the national guard, whose armory ls next to the church, of spending more time flirting with the young women of the congregation than they spend at their drills. F. A. Seynave, a resident of Philadelphia for over forty years, has been decorated to the Order of Leopold, and his insignia for warded to him through the consul general to the United States by King Leopold, In consideration of many years of labor and activity In relieving the destitute and dls- I tressed cltlaens of Belgium. NEWSPAPERDOM Mr. R. A. Thompson, late of Santa Rosa, has purchased an interest in that sterling publication, the San Francisco Pioneer, and will act as editor. Mr. A. P. Murgot. ten, for many years the proprietor of the Pioneer, will continue as assistant editoi and manager. The Pioneer occupies a dis tinct field among the papers of the state. Mr. Thompson will have a good field for bis well-tried capacity. The rural editor—God bless htm!—ls the most persistent of teachers. Like charity, as described by St. Paul in the thirteenth chapter of Corinthians I, "he suffereth long and Is kind; he envleth not himself, Is not puffed up; doth not behave himself un seemly; seeketh not his own; Is not easily provoked, thlnketh no evil; rejoice th not In lnqulty, but rejotceth In truth; beareth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things." He Is the packhorse of every community, the promoter ot every laudable enterprise, the worst underpaid laborer In the vineyard. Counting his space as his capital, he gives more to charity, his means consid ered, than any other member of society. He is a power in politics, a pillar of the church, a leader in the crusade for better morals. He Is pre-eminently the friend of humanity.—From a speech In congress by Champ Clark of Missouri. There ls a good old story of a general whose death was announced In a news* paper by mistake, a circumstance whtel annoyed him very much. He called on th« editor and demanded that a contradiction should be Inserted In the next Issue. "That, general," was the editor's reply, "Is quite out of the question. We never apologize and we never withdraw a statement, but I'll tell you what we'll do for you. We'll put you in the 'Births' next week."—San Francisco Argonaut. : ; * The Mirror of Stillwater, Minn., has sus pended publication for lack of printers and editors. It was published by and for the convicts In the state penitentiary. For the first time In twelve years, no newspaper men are In the Institution. An Artist's Efforts "How long was your friend, the artist, working on that canvas?" "Eight years. Six months to paint It and seven years and a half trying to sell lt."- Yonkers Statesman. Retribution It would be the Irony of fate If some Ne» braskans were to offer Editor J. Sterling Morton garden seeds on account for sub scription or advertising.—Washington Star. Unprofitable A woman's club In New York is dlscu**> ing the "utilisation of leisure." A nuavi ber of people out of Jobs ara worrr*M» , about that, too.-Galvestou News.