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■toW^S—, ■-■ ... ~- i... .F : L ..... ■■ | — — —-: TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR. NO. JB7. AAIUSB^IENTS «k L 3S Angeles' Vaudeville Theater. f\4A*AHundreds turned nway H ( iain Inst night. "' rudinokf, the celebrated Russian Fantastic Delineator and Crayon Ariht JOHN j BUIKE assisted hv the clover Sou Mate, Grace Forrest, presenting thu.r ne* and original creation, entitled, Tricks of the Trade SMI 111 AND COOK. Ac robatle Comedians un I Grotesque Dance s MR. and MRS TOM Mt'INTOSH Colored Aristocracy. WKHB AND HA.-B\N. JuSr-PIUNr. ■ABEL, assisted by thoJuventlo Wonder. MasterTominv Meado THE AMICKICAN BIOGRAPH, a New Scries oi Views. K. 3. JOIK tjt IN I't-TTK, composed "I iho following notables: Fred Rycroft, llrxt tenor; E. F. Gorman, second tenor; W X Maxwell, baritone: W. H. Brown, basso; R. J. JOSE, the celebrated contra-tenor. Theliroatcst singing Act In Vaudeville. PRICEB NKVER CHANGING-Evening, reserved feat», Me and Me: gallery. 100. Ilegu ar matinees Wednesday, .Saturday snd Sunday Telephone Main 1417 bT"%ukKanL JOHN C. flsHkß, Manager. MuroanK i neater house crowded, iwu main iiiw PLAY. AND PLAYER". ENTHUSIASTICALLY RECEIVED "Uho Stock Company PRINTING .... JjOO TtyuCk jo/inSOU ONLY MATINEE BATOgDAY Al' :'. Mntlnee price : Hie and Tic. M u.u y~ , ONE DOOE so" I'll 0' HIK I.os ANQELRn THE ATE U, UBIC nail — Ooaay TUKBOAY AFTERNOON. APRIL 6, AT & O'CLOCK., FIFTH POPPI AH MATINEE CONi HUT OK THE /> _~ . p . /I . HAKI.IiV HAMiI.ION, Director, asst'd by JLos JXngcles OympAony Urcnostra the qvekn vocal yiTAHTKTTK. AdirHsalon 2"ic. Tickets on Sale at All Music rtores and at tue Hour. California Limited m o *~ #o | St is the | Via Oanta Jioute \ ®**t \ x Leaves Los Angeles 8:00 a.m. Tuesday and Friday 5 %)on't X Leaves Pasadena 8:25 a.m. Tuesday and Friday § i Arrive Kansas City 6:10 p.m. Thursday and Sunday $ Tffiss St $ Arrive St. Louis 7:00 a.m. Friday and Monday " $ Arrive Chicago. 9:43 a.m. Friday and Monday \, r „„„„,„„„„„„„„„\ ThU great train, with Its famous dlnlnrr-car service, is run lor passonfen with first-class tickets only, but no charge beyond the regular ticket and sleeping-car rate is made. Dining cars serve breakfast leaving Los Angeles. Vcstlbuled and electric lighted. All tho luxuries ol modem travel. Jfite~Shaped JJrack. .. DONE IN A DAY ON THE TUESDAY AND SATURDAY SPECIALS In addition to the regular train service the Santa Fe runs on every Tuesday and Saturday a special express train, taking in Kedlamla. Riverside and the beauties ol Santa Ana Canyon. Leaves Los Angeles at 9a. m; leaves Pasadena at 9:25 a. m. Returning arrives at l»s Angeles at \ p. in.. Pasadena 1 :60 pm„ giving iwo hours slop at both Redlands and Riverside. 7Ta /Ia *• f ON THIB TRAIN AFFORDS PLEASANT Una uosorvation uar opportunity for seeing the siaHTt tSan *Diego and Coronado SSeach THfc MOST BEAUTIFUL BPOT IN THE WORLD Two dally trains, carrying parlor cars, make the run In about tour hours from Los Angeles, and on Tuesday and Saturday nights the Coronado Special will run. The ride la delightful, tarrying you lor seventy miles along the Pacific Ocean beach. Santa Fe Route Office, 200 Spring St., corner Second I shire Ostrich Farm IKiTpVe. 1 ' qrasu avk Urand Avenue Cars to Gates—& minutes from City Hall and Principal Hotels Ostrich ZPtumos, Collarettes, SHoas, Ostrich Gyys — Open ail Day Mg <Ph, m »J Slants CHILDREN ACCOMPANIED BY PARENTS FREE. ( 10,000 Challenge the Original Ostrich Farm. Every Lady Gets an Ostrich Feather Free. A RINGING MESSAGE Cuban Freedom Not a Fact, But Will Be Made So 4- WASHINGTON, April 5. — The 4 4- Washington Post says that unless 4 ♦ Spain, within 48 hours, yields all by 4 4 lUfTendering Cuba, Vrwr cannot be 4 4- averted. It sums up the situation as 4 4- follows: 4 4- "President McKlnley's message to 4 4 congress will be a ringing, vigorous 4 4 document, that promises to mee>t the 4 ■4 full expectations of congress and the 4 ♦ people. -f 4- "The destruction of the battleship 4 4- Maine and the slaughter of 2ii6 officers 4 4- and seamen serving under the United 4 ■4 States Hag will be commented upon 4 4 In strong language, and Spain will be 4 ■4 held responsible for that disaster. 4 4- "The president will make no direct 4 4- recommendation, but his message will 4 4- point clearly to the necessity of 4 4 armed intervention to restore order -f 4- and peace. He will not recommend 4 4 the recognition of the independence 4 4- of the island, because the insurgents 4 4- have no established form of govern- 4 4- ment and the president and cabinet 4 4 bellove that a travesty would be pre- 4 4- sented to the world If. following the 4 4- recognition of Independence, the Unit- 4 4- cd States should, as the result of war 4 4- take that independence away by seiz- 4 ■4 lng or annexing the island. 4 4- "The president's message will be 4 4- equivalent to a declaration of war 4 4" and hostilities can now only be avert- 4 4- ed by Spain yielding all. 4 4- "Pope Leo is mediating between 4 4- Spain and Cuba. 4. ■4 "The United States has ceased all 4 4- negotiations, and will not accept me- 4 4- mediation. + 4- "The administration and congress 4 4- see no alternative but war." 4 ■>»-»444-44444-»4444-f-r-»444 A British Victory LONDON, April 4.—At the National Sporting club In this city tonight, In a twenty-round contest for £300 and the bantam championship of the world, Ben Jordan of England beat Eddie Curry of New York, winning in the seventeenth round. Curry proved game, but was much punished. Hale House Victims BUTTE, Mont.. April 4.-Another body was recovered from the Hale house ruins today. It was identified as Martin Rooney, formerly of Scranton, Pa. This makes the fifth victim. STATE NOTES The trial of Mrs. Minnie M\ Pls-ler of Santa Cruz for mayhem has been set for April 18. A. C. Maxey, a plumber, who resided at Pescadero, jumped out of a second story window at the German hospital at San Francisco yesterday and was picked up dead. The jury In the case of Nancy Green vs. the Pacific Lumber company of Scotia for 120,000 for Injuries received on the com pany's railroad last year returned a ver dict for the plaintiff, awarding her S4OOO. The wreck of the bark Helen W. Almy is no longer a menace to navigation. Prep arations had been made on board the coast , defense vessel Monterey to blow up the derelict with dynamite, but last night It went to pieces, and bits of wreckage are scattered all along the coast south of San Francisco. At a dance given near Santa Rosa last night by a large number of Indians who had assombled from Lake, Mendocino and Sonoma counties, a fight occurred, during which an Indian known as Lee Lily was clubbed and probably fatally Injured. His assailante escaped, but after a long chase they were captured and landed in jail. J heir names are Charley and Bill Henry, brothers, and Tom Graves. Speculations on the dry weather and ap prehensions of a drought sent up the price of grain at San Francisco yesterday. Un !? ♦S! d 2E! F . rom t he c »'""0' and the desire ta< * ho «**!> buy. May wheat advanced !L m l y> , Decem ber wheat 4H cents, >ariey 6% cents. Sales were made during INDEX TO TELEGBAPHIG NEWS Spanish papers regard war as inev itable If McKiniey tukes the Btand demanded by congress. Pence-at-any-prlce men ask for pop ular expression of opinion: tho an swers are nil demands for war. The Ohio legislative committee finds Senator Hanna guilty of having ob tained his seat in the United States senate by bribery. Americans in Cuba notified to be ready to leave the island today, and vessels sent from Key West to pro vide transportation. Official notice is given that the pres ident's message will be Bent to con gress on Wednesday. In effect, Spain must yield the Independence of Cuba or war will ensue. The pope's efforts toward peace are likely to prove Ineffective, if only for the reason that no thought was taken of the certainty that the Cuban insur gents will not accept an armistice. The peace party in Cuba Is small In number and entirely lacking In Influ ence; the desire for the early com- mencement of hostilities is based largely upon a fatuous belief that Europe will Intervene in, Spain's be half. The powers of Europe said to be ex changing notes relative to mediation of Spanish-American questions; the pope's offer, It is now asserted, looks to arbitration between Spain and the insurgents, not between Spain and the United States. An English maker of submarine mines says he made such appliances for the Spanish government for use in Havana harbor; he believes one of his mines destroyed the Maine, and asserts that the smallest piece of the connecting cable will be sufficient for purposes of Identification. Officials at Rome express doubts of America's acceptance of the tendered mediation of the pope; Spanish au thorities openly express suspicion that the offer Is only a pretext to give the United States more time to pre pare for an attack, when Spain shall have been weakened by the loss of Cuba. Search for the dead at Shawnee town postponed until the needs of tho living are attended to; no trustworthy estimate of the number of deaths can be given, but it is known to exceed a hundred; relief measures are organ ized with admirable promptitude to supply the needs of hungry, naked and unsheltered people. The two questions agitating Wash ington yesterday were the president's message and European intervention; the message is very definitely prom ised for Wednesday; no mediation will be accepted which has not for Its ba sis the absolute Independence of Cuba, though all the heads of churches and ail the nations of earth urge other considerations. An official announcement made that < McKlnley's message Is complete, and • will be given to congress tomorrow; • as for its recommendations, unoffl- • dally but authoritatively It Is made . known that the message will recom- > mend the recognition of Cuban Inde- • pendence and ask that the United . States executive be authorized to In- • tervene by force of arms; that action i taken. Spain must yield utterly, or • war will follow at once. . Four set speeches on the Cuban . question were delivered in the senate • yesterday; Spain is openly charged . with the treacherous destruction of • the Maine, and every speaker Insists . that the time has come for action: • Rawlins of ITtah thinks the duty of. congress is not mere intervention in . Cuban affairs, but a straight declara- . tion of war against Spain: in the • house the Cuban question comes up • and the temper displayed Is decidedly . warlike. . the excitement of the day at even higher prices than the comparison between the closing quotations would indicate. THE HERALD SEARCH FOR DEAD POSTPONED UNTIL THE LIVING ARE CARED FOR HOMELESS HUNDREDS ■ LEFT UTTERLY DESTITUTE BY THE FLOOD PROMPTITUDE IS ADMIRABLE Illinois Officials and Private Citizens Provide Belief for Shawneetown * Flood Victims Associated Press Special Wire KIDGEWAY, 111., April 4.— Tonight al most two score bodies of the victims of the Shawneetown fluod have been recovered and hundreds of homeless people arc de pending upon churity for food and shelter. The death list Is likely to be largely in creased when delinite information from the negro quarter, which suffered most, Is secured. The Hood burst on these people without warning, and owing to the weak con struction of their shanties they toppled over In the rush of water, leaving tneir in mates no means of getting out of danger. Hundreds of people who lived farther from the river front sought safety on roofs and in upper stories, or made a retreat to the hills on the west. These are being removed as rapidly as possible to places where they can be given proper care. No effort has yet been made to search for bodies, the at tention of the relief parties being directed almost entirely to the distribution of food and making the homeless as comfortable as possible. The relief work Is well or ganized. Tents and blankets sent by the governor today will be promptly dis tributed. Those who escaped lost every thing and their homes are In ruins. LIST OF MISSING The missing, so far as known tonight are: Col. Cnllcotte, Wash Callcotte, Mrs. Call cotte, Mrs. Galloway, Dora Galloway, Mary Galloway, Mrs. Hollls, Mrs. Greer, Mrs. Ed Blake, Chas. Clayton, Mrs. Clayton, four Clayton children, Annie Rhlneholt, Clarence Khlncholt, Mrs. Paul Phalen, three Phalen children, nephew of the Pha lens, Mrs. McClaln, Florence Evans, Ellen McAllister (colored), Mary McAllister (colored), B. B. Hooker, L. & N. telegraph operator, Henry King and four children, (colored), Miss Cora Sherwood, Frank A. Morrison, Mrs. A. A. Hathaway. , Late tonight it is estimated that the loss of life in the negro quarter may reach llfty, besides those accounted for. Ed Flake, whose wife was drowned, came to Cypress Junction today and said there were fifteen people In his house when the flood struck the building. Only himself and one other succeeded In escaping before the building toppled over. Mr. Flake was hysterical from grief and could not give the names of the thirteen who were lost. Marsh Calicotte, the son af Wash Colicotte and wife, who perished, made an heroic effort to save his parents. He secured a rowboat and got within forty feet of where (lib lU.IICI' lii.il hilAi.ti*i ..v.. ...v.. - ... The swift current prevented him from get ting neurer. The parents stood in the yard in water to their waists awaiting the ar rival of the boat. Suddenly a wave swept them Into the swift current and they were drowned before their son's eyes. David Rookendefter and wife were In their home directly In the path of the huge wave that swept through the broken dyke. Their lit tle son In the yard saw the wave coming and hurriedly climbed a tree. The father and mother had time to rush upstairs when the house was swept from its foundation. They climbed on the roof as the house floated off and heard their little son In the tree say: "Good-bye, papa and mamma." The agonized parents were powerless to go to his assistance, and in a few moments the house had been carried beyond the reach of the boy's voice. They floated from the north levee to the south levee, a dis tance of a mile, and were taken off In safe ly. The little son was subsequently res cued from the tree-top by a boat and the family reunited. Mr. Rookendoffer saM that as he floated down the current on the houso-top he saw people drowning on all sides. The colored quarter of the city, known as "Negro Flats," was completely inundated by the rush of waters. It is be lieved that a large number of colored peo ple perished. Tonight the water stands twenty-five feet deep in that locality. J. T. Hogan of Omaha, 11... left the scene of the flood half an hour before the dyke broke. His brother-in-law, Sheriff Gal loway of Gallatin county, who was In Shawneetown. had the same good fortune. The sheriff's wife and two daughters were swept away and their bodies'have not yet been recovered. Hogan's story of the flood shows that the townspeople had absolutely no warning of danger. About 5 oclock last evening, he said, the levee on the north side of town gave way at the north end of Market street, near the courthouse. An opening ten feet wide was at first made but It quickly spread to twen ty, and a wall of water ten or fifteen feet high poured through the main street, sweeping everything before It. About fifty small frame houses along the line of :he levee to the south were crushed like toys and none of the occupants, most of whom were colored folks, escaped. Those living in the more substantial houses managed to climb to second and third stories, where they clung for hours through the chilly night. Houses in the western part of the town old no' at once feel the effect of the flood, and residents made hurried steps for safety, most of'them going to the levee on the south side of town. A large number also reached the little hills which are a mile from the town and from there saw their property crumble in the muddy wa ters. When daylight came this morning the streets were full of water to a depth of ten or twelve feet. Only the most substan tial buildings In the oentral business dis trict remain standing. Ridgrway, which Is twelve miles Trom Shawneetown. was made the basis of re lief work. AH rail communication being cut off for four miles out, boats were con structed this morning and at once started LOS ANGELES, TUESDAY MORNING, APRIL 5. JB9B A DEFINITE LINE OF ACTION WILL BE RECOMMENDED TO CONGRESS BY THE PRESIDENT Cuban Independence to Be Recognized and the Executive Authorized to Intervene by Force of Arms—After That Action Spain Must Yield Utterly or War Will Follow Immediately WASHINGTON, April 4.—(Spscial to The Herald.) It is learned from a gentleman to whom the president this evening outlined his coming message to congress that, so far from treating the Maine dis aster as a mere incident of the general Cuban question, he will make it a very important feature. He will recommend to congress a definite line of action, and this action will be largely justified by his views of the destruction of the Maine and the accompanying loss of 2G6 American lives. When the president, in his message transmitting to congress the report of the naval court of in quiry on the Maine disaster, omitted any reference to demands upon Spain in connection with that trag edy, he did it because he had simply sent the report to Spain without submitting demands to that gov ernment. He pursued this course, not because he regarded the loss of the Maine and its crew with indifference or as not justifying demands, or even constituting in itself a casus belli, but to avoid any diplomatic delays that Spain might seek in reply, as well as to avoid the necessity of declining to submit that tragedy to the arbitration of a third party. This has proved the most successful dip lomatic ruse that has marked the American side of the case since the Cuban war began three years ago. The Spanish government promptly fell into it, and its latest reply simply referred to the Maine disaster in what has been semi-officially characterized as a "flippant and insolent reference." The president feels himself, therefore, free to give the prominence to this tragedy that it de serves and which it holds in the minds of the American people. The message from the president to congress, explaining at length the relations between this government and that of Spain growing out of the conflict in Cuba, with its attendant horrors, has be come necessary because of the complete failure of diplomacy to solve the problem. After the reply of Spain to the latest communication from this government, he recognized clearly the futility of further diplomatic correspondence. He then announced his intention of sending to congress a message which would review the entire controversy from its inception. He has since been laboring on this paper, and it is now ready for submission to the cabinet for consideration tomorrow. In view of the vast interests depending upon this document the president determined to make it worthy of its subject. To this end he called to his assistance Senator Davis, chairman of the commit tee on foreign relations, and Assistant Secretary Adee of the state department. The former prepared an elaborate brief, reciting all the precedents which history afforded, and reviewed the international law bearing upon the general subject of intervention. Adee prepared a detailed account of all the correspondence bearing upon our relations with Spain and Cuba since the present struggle began. The labors of these gentlemen will appear in the message and accompanying papers. Among the documents will be the report of Special Commissioner W. J. Calhoun, who visited Cuba early in this administration as the particular representative of the president. His report has never been made public. There will also be consular reports made from time to time during the past three years, including especially consular reports as to the success or failure of autonomy. The reports were awaiting transmission to congress at the time the Maine horror fell upon the country. Naturally they have been withheld until the time for final action came. It is not the Intention of the president to shift the responsibility for future action entirely upon congress. The president will assume his full share of the responsibility, and will ask congress to share only so much of it as devolves upon it under the constitution. Holding the view that he does of his duty In the premises, and of the corresponding duty of congress, the president, in his message, will make specific recommendations as to the policy which, in his judgment, is necessary to secure Cuba complete and absolute independence from Spanish rule, domination and sovereignty. He will therefore recommend to congress that that body recognize the independence of tho Cuban republic and authorize the executive to intervene by force of arms. He will do this knowing perfectly well that unless Spain yields utterly war must follow. The latest argument against war with Spain is that it would result in the death of a large number of suffering reconcentrados because they could not be fed by the United States. This is not a valid argument. The United States, in the event of war, could readily seize Cardenas, an unfortified port to the east of Havana, which Lopez captured in one of his raids upon the island in the early fifties. It has a sufficiently commodious harbor; could be readily seized and easily defended The reconcen trados could be gathered there and fed by the United States during the continuance of the war, or so long as it might be necessary. They would, in fact, be better off under this plan than they are now, when the charity sought to bo extended to them by the United States is subject to toll by hungry Spanish soldiers. to the scene. They reached a point within two miles of the flooded town. More boats were secured and the rescuers crossed lo Shawneetown. They found a sad condi tion existing In the 111-fated town. Hun dreds of those who escaped the ruah of wa ter were perched on roofs, tree* and along the top of the levee. They were taken from their dangerous positions as rap'dly as possible. Owing to the scarcity of boats, the work was very slow, but over 200 per sons, including many women and children, were taken to the roadway, two miles from Shawneetown and thence to Cypress Junc tion. Here the greater part of them are camped tonight, with very little to eat and exposed to the driving rain and piercing wind. Cypress Junction Is almost sur rounded by water, which has overflowed the banks of the Wabash and is covering the entire country. The overflow from .he broken dyke at Shawneetown has backed two miles Inland, but Is tonight slowly re ceding. It will be impossible to recover any bodies until the waters recede very ma terially. In fact, the rescuer* are making very little effort In that direction, but are working to save those who escaped alive. The Riverside hotel and courthouse and the Ridgeway bank are Intact and found to have beer, used by the fleeing inhabitants for shelter. Last night the Catholio academy, the schoolhouse, city hall and the Riverside hotel, all situated on high ground above the water, were crowded with homeless people. Hundreds are tonight sleeping on the wa ter banks under such rude shelter as they can construct from the floating debris. Ab solutely nothing has been saved from the city. The stores and other business houses are flooded to the second floors, all the streets are under water from ten to thirty feet. Provisions are constantly arriving form all the nelghboing towns. A relief train arrived tonight, but owing to the high wind and roughness of the water at the ferry crossing all attempts to transfer the pro visions across havo been abandoned. They have been taken to the water's edge and at the b.-eak of day will be ferried across. Gov. Tanner this afternoon started from Springfield y/ith 100 tents, blankets enough for 500 people and a sufficient amount of prepared food for the immediate relief of 1200 people. He also wired attorney Phil lips, president of the Gallatin County bank here, to draw on him for 13000 as an imme diate relief fund. As fast as relief supplies are received they are taken by special train to water's edge, ferried across In skiffs to Cypress Junction and from there taken by wagons to within two miles of Shawneetown. All carpenters in Ridge, way fell to making flat boats this morning for the transportation of supplies across, the Inundated territory, and an Impromptu ferry has been established. The inhabitantx of Ridgeway have or ganized into a relief committee, with D. Reid, J. O. Brooks and G. M. Kim'b at its head. Houses have been thrown open and as soon as a refugee- reaches here he is promptly taken care of. The heavy rain still continues, and at 6 oclcok a high, cold wind sprung up. adding to the misery of the sufferers in the strick en town. At 11 oclock tonight a telephone message was received from Shawneetown saying that the south levee was cracking and threatening to go at any moment. It about sure that it will break before morn ing. This will not add to the depth of the water in the town, but' it will create a cur rent through the streets that will prove dangerous to rescurers in skiffs. SCENES OF HORROR CHICAGO, April 4.—A special to the Chronicle from Carml, 111., Says: The dlsaster at Shawneetown, 111., came when the great majority of the poeple were in their homes eating supper. The break in the levee occurred a mile above town and was more than half a mile wide. The stream of water twelve to twenty feet deep, carrying half the cur rent of the flood-raised Ohio, descended on the unsuspecting people. It came in a great rush like a tidal wave. There was no slow rising of the waters to give warn ing. The houses on the outskirts weio lifted up and rolled over and over. Most of them were torn into splinters. Their inhabitants were drowned in them. Nearer the center of the town brick structures stopped the onrush of the water for a few minutes, but about two-thirds of the dwellings were lifted from their found ations and floated careening out into the cu-rent of the river. After a few minutes the horror of the situation was added to by the catching fire of a large house that had started down stream with the others. The people on tho roofs were already in danger of being thrown off by collisions with other float ing houses, but the occupants of this float ing firebrand added horror. As It struck one house after another In its course, some others caught fire and their unfortunate occupants were compell ed to thrust themselves to the mercy of the swirling water on pieces of wood to avoid a more terrible death by fire. The break of the levee flooded four miles of the valley land and cut off communica tion on two railways, the Baltimore and Ohio Southwestern, and the Louisville and Nashville. The first rush of the current did not do all the damage. When the water had slackened some what, many houees were still standing, but it was quickly seen that the frame ones would not last in the steady crush of the flood. By means of rafts and swimming on the cold water, several people were transferred from their garret windows and roofs to the flat top of the Gallatin county bank, a briok and stone building, and court house, which is of brick. It was hoped that these would withstand the pressure and the undermining, but when the single courier who rode for help to Cypress Junction left Shawnee, only those two buildings showed above the broad sheet of the flood in the lower pari of the town, and as its full force was being thrown against them, it was doubtful if they would not collapse and throw the ref ugees into the river. Besides the hundreds or more who were on the roofs of tho two sound buildings, It is known that nearly 100U of the inhabi tants managed in one way or another to make their way to high hills back of the town, or to houses In the higher section of the village itself. A few of these survived the sudden burst of the waters, but their first and some times their second floors were under water. Those who made their way to them went only in clothes they were wearing when the water came. No one had time to secure either treasure or clothing. The property loss is very heavy. The scene at the upper end of the town where men and women were struggling against the muddy water to higher ground, some car rying babies on their heads where water was up to their necks, others half swim ming, half floating on odds and ends of lumber from homes that had gone floating down the river, many struggling in vain and sinking in the roaring waters, was one that will live in the memory of every beholder. At one place a mother had reached a safe spot and turned to help her husband, who had followed with their child. As she reached down from a window for his hand he was thrown from his foot ing and he and the child were swept away In the current. The woman saw him sink the second time and then threw her self into the water. Another family paddled half way to safe ty on a broad plank that had but half held them out of the water. A side current caught them and sent them out toward the middle of the stream where, in the rougher water, they were seen to capsize and sink. An old man by the name of Griffith. living on high ground, stopped in the upper etory of his trembling house to secure a hoard of money hidden under the bed. His son, a young man of 21, had to climb up the porch to secure him, so quick was the rise of the water, and when the two attempted to swim to safety, the younger man sup porting the other, a floating house that (Continued on Page Two.) TweHye Pages PRICE FIVE CENTS MAINE DISASTER IS FRANKLY AND OPENLY CHARGED TO SPAIN IT IS MOW TIME TO ACT ■ AND COOL-HEADED SENATORS 'DEMAND ACTION CONGRESS IS RESPONSIBLE Its Pressing Duty Is Not Mere Armed Intervention but a Plain Decla ration of Waa Associated Press Special Wire WASHINGTON, April 4.—lt was frankly and openly charged in the senate today by Mr. Perkins of California, In a set speech, that Spain was responsible for the Maine disaster, us It had been brought about by Spanish machinations and Spanish treach ery. The speech of Mr. Perkins was only one of four prepared addresses on the Cu ban question delivered In the senate today. Mr. Clay of Georgia, while hoping for a peaceful solution of the problem the coun try is now facing, declared strongly In fa vor of Independence of the Cubans, anil pledged to the administration the loyai support of the south, which, mi the event of war, would have to bear the brunt of tlie conflict. Mr. Perkins took substamtiailly the same grounds, and his vigorous treatment of the Maine disaster aroused the crowded gal' leiries to enthusiastic applause. Mr. Mantle of Montana, while expressing confidence. In the administ ra.tfon, maintain ed that the time foir action had now ar rtved, a.nd that action, must be to tlhe end that Cuba should 6e free. Mr. Bawling of Utah entirely eliminated the president from comsiderarion in his speech, holding tliat the case against Spain, was already made up. and that with congress rested the responsibility of declaring war. Forcing us to wait was only to Invite criticism. He declared for the most vigorous action im mediately. After the Cuban speeches had been de livered, the senate resumed consideration of the sundry civil bill, and finished thirty three pages before adjourning. Despite the specific statement tihait the president's message would not be sent to congress toady, and the Inferential un derstanding thai: the subject of Cuba might licit be even referred to, people came to the I capltiol by the thouiftandsv It was a great audience fhait looked down upon the chamber when the senate con vened. Every seat In the gallery except the diplomatic was tilled, and even In the diplomatic gallery there were eeverail members of foreign legations. Mr. Pettigrew of South Dakota pre sented a telegram signed by more than a hundred of his constituents, which said: "All parties here want Spanish torpedo flotilla turned bd?k or destroyed. Pa tience exhausted." Mr. Gear of lowa presented a resolution of the legislature endorsing the action of the president and congress upon the Cu ban question, and pledging its' support to the administration. Mr. Turner of Washington introduced a resolution which he asked should go over until Monday, if, tn the meantime, nothing has been done in the matter. The resolu tion requires the committee on foreign re lations to report at tho earliest moment, without waiting for the concurrence or ad vice of any department of the government. Which action, if any, in view of the disas ter to the Maine and deplorable condi tion of Cuban affair* should be taken to preserve the honor and dignity of this country. Quite unexpectedly discussion of the Cu ban question was precipitated, a.nd two set speeches were delivered upon lit. Mr. Clay of Georgia made a strong plea for the Independence of Cuba, bartng his remarks upon the Foraker resolution. He maintained, however, that the president ought to be offered every opportunity to brinff about a diplomatic solution of the difficulty. Though he was for the recogni tion of Independence of Cuba, he said lie would wait upon, the president's recom mendations. "1 believe, he said, "in tfhe Independence of Cuba, and If Spain will not agree to that, the United States must eroforce it with afl the power in her tand and naval forces. The people of the south believe In the peaceful solution of the question if possible, but are willing to employ force if necessary." in opening a set speech upon the Cuban question, Perkins of California said that he felt it his duty to speak not only for him self, but in behalf of the people whom he represented. He eulogized the conduct of the president for the calm, dignified and conservative manner in which he had hand led the grave problem presented for his so lution. Those who were in power fully rea lized the necessity for the preservation, If possible, of peace. President McKiniey, General Woodford, our minister to Madrid, and Consul-General Lee had won dlstlnc- tion In battle and he believed that their judgment and discretion could bo depended Upon to guide the country safely. Mr. Perkins referred briefly to the scheme instituted by Weyler to starve more than a million of Spanish subjects into subjec tion, and declared that nothing in all his tory compared with the atrocity and bru tality that Weyler had exercised against the Cubans. The time for action had, in his opinion, arrived. "A little more delay," said he, "a little more waiting and the United States would become an accessory to the greatest, the most appalling crime in history. The pa tience of a great nation has its limits, and in this case the limit had been reached. The time for the horrors In Cuba to ceaso has come and cease they must. Right, justice and humanity demand (halt this government should intervene to stop the cruel warfare being waged by Spain against tho Cuban insurgents—a people who were struggling for their freedom within ninety, miles of our own shores." Mr. Perkins, who has had a life-time ex perience in the handling of great vessels, .discussed the destruction of tho Mains'