Newspaper Page Text
jj 53ngk Sheet
TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR. NO. 215. THE JEALOUSY OF EUROPE Already Being Turned Towards the Philippine Islands HOLY RUMORS Of INTERVENTION RIFE The One Subject Discussed in Every Capi tal of Europe Prance and Austria Straining to Turn the Balance in Spain's Favor—Great Britain's Good Reasons for Seek ing an American Alliance SPECIAL TO THE HERALD. London, May 2.—The one topic of conversation here tonight in the clubs and diplomatic circles is the issue of the Hispano-American war. It is not believed that the Spanish government can possibly prosecute the futile struggle much longer. Spain's resources are absolutely exhausted, her credit is beyond repair and her people on the verge of revolt. Much more serious complications, however, than the fate of Spain are involved in the rumors that are rife tonight. The attitude of both France and Austria is regarded with considerable concern. The Austrian government has for weeks been straining every nerve to turn the balance of the powers towards sympathy with Spain. So far both France and Russia, from whom support vtas at one time confidently expected, have withstood the advances of Spain and the pressure of Austria. The great motive power in European policy today is a reciprocal jeal ousy, especially as regards the Orient, in which every move is watched with suspicion. The Philippines, not merely from the magnificent wealth of their resources and trade, but also from their supreme value as a strategic position, have long been coveted by every nation that has aggressive desires in the east. What will the United States' policy be in regard to this valu able group of islands, is the question of the hour. There can be no question of the hopes here. If the United States will maintain the control of the Philippines, it will mean the establishment of another power, and, it is hoped, an indispensable ally for England, in the control and possibly the division of power in the Orient. England's posi tion has been critical since the Chinese question assumed considerable and dangerous proportions.' As soon as the general game of grab began on the part of Russia, Germa.iy and France, England diplomatically, but none the less firmly, put down her foot to prevent the interruption of free trade on the Chinese coast. The task has been herculean, and it has only been by the discreet and deft finesse of the Salisbury ministry that the negotiations have remained of a pacific character. Salisbury's policy has been condemned by friend and foe alike as too conciliatory and insufficiently aggressive. It has been frequently pointed out that the interests of the United States are in this direction parallel with those of Great Britain. An Anglo-American alliance would, it is fully realized, entirely alter the complexion of affairs, not only in the east but in Europe. . It is not so much jealousy of the United States as jealousy of Great Britain that lays the foundation for the ugly rumors that are current to night in every capital of Europe. It is ffltred that the Amefican possession of the Philippines may lead to an un derstanding, if not' a deliberate alli ance, between the United States and Great Britain, which would relieve the lalter of that "splendid isolation " which has lately been a temptation to the aggressive movements of every one of the great powers. Fiance, Russia, Germany and Aus tria will all oppose the idea that has already been mooted of ceding the Philippines to Japan. The Japanese government is undoubtedly friendly to Great Britain and would court an alliance with her, which would be equally offensive to the European powers named, for the British and Japanese navies combined would easily hold the balance of power. The rumors that France, Austria and Russia are preparing to demand a cessation of hostilities and other wise to take a hand in the rescue of Spain, are too well defined to permit disregard. England, apart from the justice of the United States' cause, which is almost universally acknowl edged, has the gravest of reasons for desiring to stand by the United States, and it is generally believed that she will positively refuse to be a party to any sort of European inter vention. The report here tonight that three German men-of-war have been sent to Manila is causing a good deal of speculation and adverse criticism. There are said to be only about one hundred German residents in Manila, and such an action is thought to be fraught with more significance than merely their protection. There is no occasion or excuse for a demons Ira. tion on the part of Germany, but i this is apparently what the action! means. Questions will be asked Mr. Balfour in the house of commons to morrow as to how the government regards Germany's action, and whether the powers are preparing a note to intercede on Spain's behalf. | Birdseye View of Manilla Bay, Showing the Approaches to the City and the Defenses THE HERALD MANILA HAS SURRENDERED CHICAGO, May 3.— A special to the Record from Wash- ington says: The president received the news of the capture of Manila last night from the British embassy. Sir Julian Paunce fote tried all day to get into communication with the British authorities at Hong Kong and the consul at Manila without success, until evening, when he received a cablegram announc ing that the city had surrendered, but giving no details. A copy was at once made and sent to the White House by an attache, who received the president's thanks for the good news. LOS ANGELE?, TUESDAY MORNING, MAY 3, 1898 ALL SORTS OF SMOKES CAMPAIGN IN THE ORIENT Is to Be Prosecuted With All Possible Vigor CRUISERS AT MARE ISLAND YARD Will Be Sent to Strengthen the Fleet in the Oriental Waters Possession of the Islands Will Be Maintained and the Cus toms Held to Make Good the Loss of the Battleship Maine SPECIAL TO THE HERALD. Washington, May 2.—Dewey's Asiatic squadron will be strengthened. If no change in the agreed-upon plan occurs within the next few days the cruiser Charleston, now at Mare Island navy yard at San Francisco and shortly to go into commission, will be dispatched across the Pacific to join the battle-scarred squadron at the Philippines. The Charleston will stop at Hawaii and carry orders to Commander Nichols of the Bennington, which is at Honolulu, directing him to accompany the Charleston. The Philadelphia, a protected cruiser fitting out in the Mare Island navy yard, will also possibly be sent to the Philippines. The Charleston is slightly smaller than the Baltimore, having only two eight-inch guns, while the Baltimore has four. The Bennington is a gunboat of compositive type. Troops and marines will be placed aboard both the Charleston and Philadelphia when they sail, and it is entirely probable that a transport or two tilled with sol. diers will be taken along. The military occupation of the Philippines is regarded as essential. It is expected that volunteers from the Pacific will form a greater part of the Philippine force. The Monadnock and the Monterey, monitors, will be retained along the Pacific coast for defensive purposes, although, in view of the extermination of the Spanish fleet at the Philippines, there is practically no danger in that direction. The president today approved the decision of the war department to prosecute the campaign with all possible vigor, and the Philippines will be held and their customs be seized for payment of indemnity for the Maine, which the United States will demand of Spain at the conclusion of the war. As soon as the prospective engagement off Porto Rico is fought that island will be seized. If the Americans are successful, as they are expected to be, the Canaries will be taken, and following that the rest of the Minorca and Spanish possessions of the Mediterranean will be seized for the estab lishment of a base of supplies. Spain, when all her outlying possessions are in the hands of the enemy, and her coast is threatened by the victorious American fleet, is expected to bend her knee, surrender Cuba and pay the indemnity that may be determined. Rumors are rife to the effect that Spain is already weakening and imploring the foreign powers to intervene. Her surrender of Cuba, it is supposed, will soon be made. The department here has received no inti mation from the foreign ambassador or the Austrian minister on the point, and it is not likely that Spain will begin negotiations or surrender until she makes her great naval fight. Twelve Pages PRICE FIVE CENTS THE ADVANCE ON CIBA Tampa, Fla., May 2.—lt will be in the early part of next week before General Shatter will lead the army of occupation on Matanzas, if that soon. This is borne out by the fact that there are no ships here yet to transport the troops to Cuban waters, and by the time the armada reaches here there will not be time enough to get them out earlier. The ships Oli vette and the Florida, of the Plant line, are lying here, ready. The Comma, of the Mallory line, arrived this morning and is at anchor. There are to be eight ships in this armada and Jive of them are yet on the way. General Julio Sanguilly, the fam ous Cuban general, arrived in the city tonight with about 200 picked Cuban cavalrymen, equipped by the government as part of the division going to Cuba. There will be thou sands of them in all, and the re mainder will be made up here, as two recruiting offices were opened here today and have been thronged all day with CubAis eager to enlist and go to the front. General Shaffer took command today, and General Wade is simply waiting until General Shatter goes to Cuba, when he will again take com mand of the post here. Four Spaniards were arrested at Port Tampa today by order of Col. Randolph. It is alleged that they were caught red-handed in an at tempt to poison the water in a large tank that the men use. The men are under guard now and will be tried. Jesus Maria Fernande, who was for a long time vice consul at Key West, but who came to Tampa prior to the severance of diplomatic relations in this city, left at that time presumably for Mexico. Yesterday he was seen in this city and officers at once put on his trail.