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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, May 03, 1898, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042461/1898-05-03/ed-1/seq-1/

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jj 53ngk Sheet
Already Being Turned Towards
the Philippine Islands
The One Subject Discussed in Every Capi
tal of Europe
Prance and Austria Straining to Turn the Balance in Spain's
Favor—Great Britain's Good Reasons for Seek
ing an American Alliance
London, May 2.—The one topic of conversation here tonight in the
clubs and diplomatic circles is the issue of the Hispano-American war. It
is not believed that the Spanish government can possibly prosecute the
futile struggle much longer. Spain's resources are absolutely exhausted,
her credit is beyond repair and her people on the verge of revolt. Much
more serious complications, however, than the fate of Spain are involved in
the rumors that are rife tonight. The attitude of both France and Austria
is regarded with considerable concern. The Austrian government has for
weeks been straining every nerve to turn the balance of the powers towards
sympathy with Spain. So far both France and Russia, from whom support
vtas at one time confidently expected, have withstood the advances of Spain
and the pressure of Austria.
The great motive power in European policy today is a reciprocal jeal
ousy, especially as regards the Orient, in which every move is watched with
suspicion. The Philippines, not merely from the magnificent wealth of
their resources and trade, but also from their supreme value as a strategic
position, have long been coveted by every nation that has aggressive desires
in the east. What will the United States' policy be in regard to this valu
able group of islands, is the question of the hour.
There can be no question of the hopes here. If the United States will
maintain the control of the Philippines, it will mean the establishment of
another power, and, it is hoped, an indispensable ally for England, in the
control and possibly the division of power in the Orient. England's posi
tion has been critical since the Chinese question assumed considerable and
dangerous proportions.' As soon as the general game of grab began on the
part of Russia, Germa.iy and France, England diplomatically, but none the
less firmly, put down her foot to prevent the interruption of free trade on
the Chinese coast. The task has been herculean, and it has only been by
the discreet and deft finesse of the Salisbury ministry that the negotiations
have remained of a pacific character. Salisbury's policy has been condemned
by friend and foe alike as too conciliatory and insufficiently aggressive. It
has been frequently pointed out that the interests of the United States are
in this direction parallel with those of Great Britain. An Anglo-American
alliance would, it is fully realized, entirely alter the complexion of affairs,
not only in the east but in Europe. .
It is not so much jealousy of the
United States as jealousy of Great
Britain that lays the foundation for
the ugly rumors that are current to
night in every capital of Europe. It
is ffltred that the Amefican possession
of the Philippines may lead to an un
derstanding, if not' a deliberate alli
ance, between the United States and
Great Britain, which would relieve
the lalter of that "splendid isolation "
which has lately been a temptation to
the aggressive movements of every
one of the great powers.
Fiance, Russia, Germany and Aus
tria will all oppose the idea that has
already been mooted of ceding the
Philippines to Japan. The Japanese
government is undoubtedly friendly
to Great Britain and would court an
alliance with her, which would be
equally offensive to the European
powers named, for the British and
Japanese navies combined would
easily hold the balance of power.
The rumors that France, Austria
and Russia are preparing to demand
a cessation of hostilities and other
wise to take a hand in the rescue of
Spain, are too well defined to permit
disregard. England, apart from the
justice of the United States' cause,
which is almost universally acknowl
edged, has the gravest of reasons for
desiring to stand by the United
States, and it is generally believed
that she will positively refuse to be a
party to any sort of European inter
The report here tonight that three
German men-of-war have been sent
to Manila is causing a good deal of
speculation and adverse criticism.
There are said to be only about one
hundred German residents in Manila,
and such an action is thought to be
fraught with more significance than
merely their protection. There is no
occasion or excuse for a demons Ira.
tion on the part of Germany, but i
this is apparently what the action!
means. Questions will be asked Mr.
Balfour in the house of commons to
morrow as to how the government
regards Germany's action, and
whether the powers are preparing a
note to intercede on Spain's behalf. |
Birdseye View of Manilla Bay, Showing the Approaches to the City and the Defenses
CHICAGO, May 3.— A special to the Record from Wash-
ington says: The president received the news of the capture of
Manila last night from the British embassy. Sir Julian Paunce
fote tried all day to get into communication with the British
authorities at Hong Kong and the consul at Manila without
success, until evening, when he received a cablegram announc
ing that the city had surrendered, but giving no details. A copy
was at once made and sent to the White House by an attache,
who received the president's thanks for the good news.
Is to Be Prosecuted With All
Possible Vigor
Will Be Sent to Strengthen the Fleet in
the Oriental Waters
Possession of the Islands Will Be Maintained and the Cus
toms Held to Make Good the Loss of the
Battleship Maine
Washington, May 2.—Dewey's Asiatic squadron will be strengthened.
If no change in the agreed-upon plan occurs within the next few days the
cruiser Charleston, now at Mare Island navy yard at San Francisco and
shortly to go into commission, will be dispatched across the Pacific to join
the battle-scarred squadron at the Philippines. The Charleston will stop at
Hawaii and carry orders to Commander Nichols of the Bennington, which
is at Honolulu, directing him to accompany the Charleston.
The Philadelphia, a protected cruiser fitting out in the Mare Island navy
yard, will also possibly be sent to the Philippines. The Charleston is
slightly smaller than the Baltimore, having only two eight-inch guns, while
the Baltimore has four.
The Bennington is a gunboat of compositive type. Troops and
marines will be placed aboard both the Charleston and Philadelphia when
they sail, and it is entirely probable that a transport or two tilled with sol.
diers will be taken along. The military occupation of the Philippines is
regarded as essential. It is expected that volunteers from the Pacific will
form a greater part of the Philippine force. The Monadnock and the
Monterey, monitors, will be retained along the Pacific coast for defensive
purposes, although, in view of the extermination of the Spanish fleet at the
Philippines, there is practically no danger in that direction.
The president today approved the decision of the war department to
prosecute the campaign with all possible vigor, and the Philippines will be
held and their customs be seized for payment of indemnity for the Maine,
which the United States will demand of Spain at the conclusion of the war.
As soon as the prospective engagement off Porto Rico is fought that
island will be seized. If the Americans are successful, as they are expected
to be, the Canaries will be taken, and following that the rest of the Minorca
and Spanish possessions of the Mediterranean will be seized for the estab
lishment of a base of supplies. Spain, when all her outlying possessions
are in the hands of the enemy, and her coast is threatened by the victorious
American fleet, is expected to bend her knee, surrender Cuba and pay the
indemnity that may be determined.
Rumors are rife to the effect that Spain is already weakening and
imploring the foreign powers to intervene. Her surrender of Cuba, it is
supposed, will soon be made. The department here has received no inti
mation from the foreign ambassador
or the Austrian minister on the point,
and it is not likely that Spain will
begin negotiations or surrender until
she makes her great naval fight.
Twelve Pages
Tampa, Fla., May 2.—lt will be in
the early part of next week before
General Shatter will lead the army
of occupation on Matanzas, if that
soon. This is borne out by the fact
that there are no ships here yet to
transport the troops to Cuban waters,
and by the time the armada reaches
here there will not be time enough to
get them out earlier. The ships Oli
vette and the Florida, of the Plant
line, are lying here, ready. The
Comma, of the Mallory line, arrived
this morning and is at anchor. There
are to be eight ships in this armada
and Jive of them are yet on the way.
General Julio Sanguilly, the fam
ous Cuban general, arrived in the
city tonight with about 200 picked
Cuban cavalrymen, equipped by the
government as part of the division
going to Cuba. There will be thou
sands of them in all, and the re
mainder will be made up here, as
two recruiting offices were opened
here today and have been thronged
all day with CubAis eager to enlist
and go to the front.
General Shaffer took command
today, and General Wade is simply
waiting until General Shatter goes to
Cuba, when he will again take com
mand of the post here.
Four Spaniards were arrested at
Port Tampa today by order of Col.
Randolph. It is alleged that they
were caught red-handed in an at
tempt to poison the water in a large
tank that the men use. The men
are under guard now and will be
tried. Jesus Maria Fernande, who
was for a long time vice consul at
Key West, but who came to Tampa
prior to the severance of diplomatic
relations in this city, left at that time
presumably for Mexico. Yesterday
he was seen in this city and officers at
once put on his trail.

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