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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, May 16, 1898, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042461/1898-05-16/ed-1/seq-3/

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THE SPIDER TRICK
CAREFULLY PLAYED TO CATCH
YANKEE FLIES
TRIED ONCE TOO OFTEN
i
SPIDER BLANCO SPREAD HIS
NETS IN VAIN
TWO FAKE BLOCKADE RUNNERS
Kail to Draw the American Cruiser*
Into Range of the Big Guns
1 at Havana i
Associated Press Special Wire
KEY WEST (On board the Associated
Fres* dispatch boat Katie Spencer, off Ha
vana, May 11, via Key West, May 15, 5 a.
tn.— (Copyright, 1898.) Captain General
Blanco,'two hours before sundown tonight
attempted to execute a ruse which, if suc
cessful, would have cleared the front of
Havana of six ships on that blockading
station. TUnable to come out to do battle,
be adopted the tactics of the spider and
cunningly planend to draw the prey Into
his net, but though a clever and pretty
scheme as an original proposition, It was
practically a repetition of the trick of
which the gunboat Vicksburg and the little
converted revenue cutter Morrill were last
Week decoyed by a fishing smack under the
big Krupp guns of Santa Clara batteries
Thanks to bad gunnery, both ships on that
occasion managed to get out ot range with
out being sunk, though some of the shells
burst close aboard and tho Vlcksburg's
ladder was cut adrift.
The wary are never caught twice ln the
same trap. Late this afternoon the ships
on ihe Havana station were dumbfounded
to see two ships steam out of Havana har
bor and head east. Dense smoke was
streaming like black ribbons from their
stacks and a glance showed that they were
under a full head of steam.
By the aid of glasses Commander Lilly
of the Mayflower, which was flying the
pennant, made out the larger vessel of the
two, which was about 200 feet long and
about 4500 tons displacement, to be the Al
fonso XVII. and the smaller one to be the
Leguzpl, both of which were known to be
bottled up ln Havana harbor. At first he
supposed that they were taking advantage
of the absence of the heavy tiring ships and
were making a bona fide run for the open
sea. As superior officer, he signaled the
other ships on the station, the Vicksburg,
Annapolis, Wasp, Tecumseh and Osceohw
which were moving in to form a column
and echelon with gunboats on the right
flank. The little squadron moved In ob
liquely toward the fleeing Spaniards, keep
ing up a running fire as they went. The
Alfonso und her consort circled ln shore
about five miles below and after running
ln for half an hour headed in for Morro
castle. Our gunboats and thin-skinned
vessels of the mosquito fleet did not fol
low them In. Commander Lilly saw that
the wily Spanish ruse was to draw them In
under the fires of the heavy batteries,
Where the Spanish artillery officers could
plot out the exact range with their tele-
meters anil pot them. So the return was
made in line uhead parallel with the shore.
Commander Lilly was not mistaken. As
his ships came abreast of the Santa Clara
battery the big guns opened and fired thir
teen shells at a distance of about five
miles. The range was badly judged, as
more than half the shells overshot the
mark.and others fell short, some by as
much as a mile. The Associated Press dis
patch boat Katie Spencer witnessed the ac •
tion, which lasted over an hour. As a spec
tacle, the greatest master of stagecraft
could not have evolved a finer setting. Tho
low sun ln a bank of vermilion dyed the
Cuban hills a royal purple, against which
Havana's white walls gleamed like alabas-
t> ter. Morro's gray towers stood out against
: the blue waters of the gulf, while directly
„c behind .sprang a broad band of the rain
bow woven ln and out through dense gray
clouds until lost at the zenith, The big
Alfonso and her convoy steamed swiftly
from the dark shadows of the harbor's
mouth and, turning sharply east, ran along
the coast as though to slip through the
cordon of blockade. It was a bold trick
and not at first transparent, although the
tolly of it created suspicion, as there was
no hope of ultimate escape and no object
In escaping the Mayflower, which, stand
ing like a cat with a mouse, gave a slight
start, then swinging her engines and tiny
squadron Into line, dashed ln to cut them
off. The Spanish boats crowded on steam
and stood along the coast as long as they
dared give zest to the chase. The May
flower signaled her escorts, "Close in and
charge."
Word was flung from ship to ship as they
steamed on In column. Seeing the bait had
apparently been taken, the Spaniards
veered, bringing their stern so as to bear
on the Americans, doubling back for Morro.
It was a beautiful running- fire viewed from
where the Katie Spencer lay, seven miles
. off Morro castle. Little putts of white
y- smoke burst from the sides of the gun
-1 boats and occasionally an explosion, of a
shell ln the air like a spark of fire could
be discerned with the aid of glasses. The
flash of the Spaniards' guns was plainly
visible; reports of the same were dull and
indistinct. Two shells from the Vicksburg
burst in the rigging of the Alfonso and
some of It came down, but It was of course
Impossible to know whether any fatalities
occurred. The American Are was much
more accurate than the Spanish, as every
shell of the latter fell short of its purpose.
The Spaniards were a mile off Morro
and our ships were fully four miles further
out when flame leaped from the batteries
of Santa Clara fort and a cloud of smoke
drifted up the coast. Halt a minute later
a dull, heavy roar of a great gun came
like the deep dlaphson of an organ on the
high treble of smaller guns. It waa from
one of the 12-lnch Krupp guns mounted
there, and ah 850 pound projectile plunged
Into the water half a mile Inside of tho
American line, throwing up a tower ol
white spray. It ricochetted and struck
again half a mile outside. The mask was
now off.
Maddened by the failure of their plot, the
Spaniards continued to lire at Intervals
of about ten minutes. In all thirteen shots
were fired, but not one struck within 200
yards of our ships.
As soon as the battery opened Command
er Lilly signaled and his fleet stood off
shore. Captain McKensle, on the bridge of
the Vicksburg, watched the fall of tha
shells, but he considered It useless to waste
ammunition at that distance. He appeased
the desire of the men at the guns, how
ever, by letting go a final broadside at the
Spanish ships, ln chance hope of making
them pay for their daring work before they
gained the harbor, but they steamed under
Morro's guns untouched, and as they dis
appeared fired several shots. Several shots
were sent after them at that moment by
the gunboat Anapolls which dropped In
side the harbor, probably creating conster
nation among scores of bumboats on the
water front.
At the close of the action, Just at sun
down, the Associated Press dispatch boat
Katie Spencer ran up alongside of the
Vicksburg. Her men. many of them
stripped to their trousers and pistol belts,
were still at their guns. The officers re
ceived the news of Sampson's capture of
San Juan with cheers that reached the
SCENES ON ADMIRAL SAMPSON'S FLAGSHIP
Mayflower, a quarter of a mile off, bring
ing her crew to her side. Comander Mc-
Kenzle thinks, as do others of the fleet,
that the Alfonso had been stripped of her
guns, and those used today were only tem
porarily mounted. If it was the Alfonso
XIII., she must have found new boilers
Since lately she was a helpless cripple In
the Havana harbor. From the action of
the Krupps, It Is evident that the Spaniards
have no cordite und are using ordinary
cocoa powder,
A Spanish Account
MADRID, May 16,1 p. m.—The Imparcjal
today publishes a dispatch from Havana,
giving another extraordinary Spanish ver
sion of a war episode, It says:
"On Friday the gunboats Conde de Venn
dlto and Neuva Espana steamed out of the
harbor and attacked an American squad
ron of two cruisers and five auxiliary cruis
ers, which were outside. The Spanish ves
sels fired two shots snd the Americans
eight, the latter apparently retreating
damaged. Three crowded tugs followed
the gunboats, the people onboard cheering
theni."
It would seem possible that the facts
upon which the Imparclal's dispatches are
based are to be found ln the dispatch from
the Associated Press dispatch boat Kate
Spencer, filed at Key West today and sent
out early this morning. Two Spanish ships
did steam out of Havana harbor and tried
to draw some of our vessels under the guns
of the heavy Spanish batteries. The ruso
was unsuccessful, though the Santa Clara
sent some badly aimed shells at our ships,
which replied by driving the two Spaniards
back Into Havana. The American report,
however, says the Spanish vessels engaged
were the Alfonso XIII and tbe Legazpl, a
cruiser and a gunboat which have been
blockaded In Havana hcirbor.
Omaha's Exposition
OMAHA, May 15.—Governor Holoomb has
proclaimed June Ist, the day of the opening
of the Transmtsslsslppl exposition, a public
holiday in Nebraska.
HAVANA IS HUNGRY
CONDITION DAILY GROWING
WORSE
SOLDIERS ONLY ARE FED
a
WHILE RECONCENTRADOS ABE
LEFT TO STARVE
THE CORPSES LYING IN HEAPS
Making a Feast for Vultures, Now
Called Weyler's Chickens by
People of Havana
Associated Press Special Wire
KEY WEST, May 15.—(Copyrighted,
1898.) The conditions ln Havana resulting
from the blockade are being gradually
brought out by Information obtained from
fishing smacks and other small vessels
captured off the coast.
Affairs at Havana now appear to be
worse than at any time since the Weyler
regime. The fishermen who at first braved
the blockade for the high price which fish
brought In Havana, now run the risk, not
for money, but for food.
A number of these have been captured
by the vessels of the blockading fleet,
nearly all of them being released after
being questioned by our officers. They all
unite in picturing the state of things at
Havana as being pitiful tn the extreme.
The Associated Press dispatch boat Kate
Spencer has accumulated all the facts ob
tainable along the blockading line, the
9
latest news being obtained through two
captures made by the United States gun
boat Machias, which has just returned
here for the first time since the blockade
opened, making the longest single service
of any blockading vessel off Cuba.
MIGHT TAKE TIME
Rear [Admiral Irwin, Retired* Speculates
Concerning the Coming Naval Fight
vg» WASHINGTON, May 15.—(Special to The Herald.) Bear-
Admiral John Irwin, retired, said tonight: "The Spaniih squad- r\ •
ron would not have a chance in the vorld in an engagement with cj *
t-iv Sampson's or Schley's squadron. Either one would wipe the «*
Spaniards off the face of the sea. I doubt very much if the Spanish p. „
,1, have any Intention of joining issue. I hear that the squadron is ■ ■
ef, now off Curooao. It is probable they figure on making a hurried « .
r £s run to a Cuban port, Cienfuegos, I should soy would be their best . ,
f point. There they would be in easy communication with Havana » ,
and other points. They will avoid a meeting in the open sea if it 1 «
can possibly be avoided. I would not put a time limit on tha ■ *
annihilation of the Spanish sqadron in case Sampson finds It. The v ,
f duration of the combat might depend perhaps on Sampson's hay- -„ ,
ing his squardon oomplete. Tha length of time required to sink • ,
them, top, may be increased from the faot that it takes consider- » ,
able time to load and fire our heavy guns. I think one would „
X have time to finish hla cigar bof ort the fight ended." . ,
it n i» a it it .«. * " *,A.l.ifti ,11 lululiiHiilill>■ .(il iliiliituSniii ■
TTTTTTT TT Tt I |'l T l T Sit til TTTTTI SSI S"
LOS ANGELES HERALD: MONDAY MORNING* MAY H. 1898
The Machias caught two fishing boats oft
Havana just before her return here. The
Americans offered the fishermen money for
part of their catch, as the fish were needed
on board, but the fishermen demurred at
taking money, they preferring to have
bread, and adding that they were desper
ately hungry.
When questioned as to the prevalence of
yellow fever at Havana the fishermen said
there was little sickness at the Cuban hos
pital, but they added that there was much
starvation. The reconcentrados, they said,
are nearly all dead or have been expelled
from the city to die ln the suburbs. This
agrees with other reports from Havana
and Matansas to the effect that the Span
ish authorities on the departure of the
American copsul seized all the relief sup
plies and applied them to the use of the
army. The Spaniards then drove the re
concsntrados Into the desolated sections of
the country between the coast towns and
the Insurgent lines—the regions described
by Senator Proctor and others as being
too barren and desolate to support grass
hoppers.
The Insurgents themselves have been
chary of receiving reconcentrados, and
hundreds of the latter who had no personal
friends In the Insurgent camps had been
left to starve between the lines, which they
did.
About Havana the situation Is even
worse. Hundreds of reconcentrados from
Los Fosos, the big reconcentrado barracks
ln Havana, were too weak to walk out of
town and fell In the streets or died ln the
suburbs, where flocks of vultures—"Wey
ler's chickens," as they are now termed In
Havana—have feasted on the remains. In
Matanzas the feature of the situation is
equally distressing. The Ashermen who
have been brought here are soon recon
ciled to capture, which means food and de
cent treatment. They say that if the
blockade continues much longer bread
riots must follow ln all the large towns,
pis food is reserved exclusively for the
army, thus forcing many people to enlist
who would not otherwise do so. Finally the
Hshermen say that certain Spaniards
threaten to burn Havana or blow the city
up In the event of the authorities deciding
to capitulate to the American forces.
News Via Kingston
KINGSTON, Jamaica, May 15.—(Copy
lighted, 1898.) The French cruiser Fulton,
from Havana on May Bth, arrived here yes
terday and landed thirty-eight refugees at
the quarantine station.
The Fulton will now proceed to Santiago
de Cuba with provisions for the French
consul there, who has cabled to Kingston
requesting that food be sent him and an •
nounclng that famine prices prevail at
Santiago de Cuba. The officers of the Ful
ton, until her arrival here, have been una
ble to obtain any definite news of the bat
tle of Manila. The flrst bulletins received
In Havana from Madrid were not allowed
to be changed, and the officials in Havana
Insisted that the honors were about even,
as the American Aeet had been unable to I
land men.
It appears from what the officers of the
Fulton say that the populace and soldiers
of Havana are disheartened by tbe block
ade and the improbability of any succor
reaching the city. On the other hand, a
great American Invading army is expected
to land In Cuba shortly.
The prices of Imported food, salt meat,
fish and flour are steadily mounting at
Havana, but vegetables are to be had
there In plenty and there is no probability
of the troops actually starving until tbs
city Is beleagured from the land side.
The British troop ship Dlllvera has ar
rived here from Halifax with the Lelnster
regiment.
There Is no communication with Barba- \
does, St Vincent. Grenada and Demarara,
the cable between St. Vincent and St. Lu
cia having been cut, as already reported.
Pulpit and Politics
HAVANA. May 15, 8:30 p. m.—ln all the
pulpits today the American practice of
bombarding defenseless towns "without
previous notification" was severely cen
sured. Those who administered the re
buke said towns should not be bombarded
solely to destroy property or to kill people,
or for mere pleasure, and pointed out that
In the Interests of humanity International
law had provided that towns must not be
bombarded until the forces of the attack
ing party were ready and ln a condition to
assault and take the towns.
In political circles It is said that the
Americans, while pretending that they do
,not wish the reconcentrados to die of
starvation, are nevertheless ready to kill
over a million people by their blockade.
According to private advices from Car
denas, the American vessels about 10 oclock
last Wednesday tried to enter the harbcV,
and at 2 oclock In the afternoon three
large American vessels succeeded In en
tering. The Spanish gunboat Antonio Lo
pez fired the first shot from the Zuluela
wharf, and the gunboats Llgerle and Alerta
answered at the military commander's
headquarters, the city hall and the Spanish
Casino, over all of which the Spanish Aag
v. as hoisted. The Americans Ared 400 shots.
One shell fell ln the warehouse, where
many reoontrados were living, Igniting the
building, but the flremen saved the women
and children from,the flames. Other shells
fell near the military hospital, the Spanish
Casino, the Otero theater, the principal
drug store ln the city and near many pri
vate residences. The bombardment lasted
tor two hours, the Americans Anally re
treating toward Cayo Diano. AU the
wounded were assisted by the religious so
ciety.
Mr. Irvas, the manager ot the Cardenas
railroad, ordered all trains on duty to re
move the people from the town to the
Progresso sugar plantation. The losses
were two killed and seventeen wounded.
About Afteen shells have been found that
did not explode. The Spanish steamer
Montserrat left Cienfuegos on the 6th for
Spain. The marquis de Cornelias, general
manager of the Spanish Transatltntlc
company, gave Capt. Deschams, her com
mander, 110,000 (or having saved the ship
and her Important cargo. Friday morn
ing the Americans tried to effect a land
ing, but were repulsed, after three-quar
ters of an hour's fighting. On the 11th
the Spanish forces, reconnolterlng on the
Rlos farm, near Parpeto, surprised the
Insurgents lodged In positions to assist the
landing of the Americans, under the pro
tection of the guns of two American cruis
ers and three small vessels lying between
three and four miles off shore. After two
hours' firing the insurgents abandoned
their position, leaving six dead. The
Americans attempted a landing on the
Salado beach, near Banas, under the pro
tection of three vessels, one with side
wheels. A boat with about thirty men
was beached at some distance from the
ostensible landing place, but was there
surprised by the Spanish musketry. After
two hours' firing under the protection of
the warships, which discharged upward of
seventy cannon shots, the Americans re
embarked, having suffered some loss.
On the 12th the Americans attempted to
land at Herrauba Beach, near Cabanas,
sustaining a hot' Are with the Spanish
forces. The American fleet fired about
eighty shots, killing a guerrilla lieutenant.
On the 13th the sound of cannonading and
musketry was heard at a great distance,
apparently coming from Table de Aqua
beach. This was about 10 oclock ln the
morning. On Friday the Spanish cruiser
Conde de Venadlto and the torpedo boat
Neuva Espana left Havana harbor to en
gage the American vessels. The Spanish
vessels began the combat by firing at the
Americans, already far away on the hori
aon. The Americans returned the Are, but
withdrew still further, the Spanish vessels
following them until lost to view. The
Spanish ships continued to Are, but the
Americans declined to Aght them. At 6
oclock in the evening two Spanish launches
left the harbor to scout over the area of
Arlng and were not troubled by any Amer
ican vessels. At a quarter past 7 the Span
ish warships then returned to the harbor.
American Prisoners
I HAVANA, May 15.—(From a Spanish j
correspondent.) The Spaniards recently
captured two Americans, both of whom
claim to be newspaper correspondents, and
one of whom says he is an electrical en
gineer. They were taken at Salado. One
carried a camera and wore a small live
pointed star and had a quantity of mall
matter on his person. When captured they
threw themselves on Spanish g«nerosi'.y
and shouted "Viva Espana." It is reported
that a third member of the party made his
escape by swimming. The two who were
captured arrived here today and were
taken to Caballerla wharf and from thero
were carried to Cabanas fortress. At 2
oclock this morning a newspaper dispatch
boat was seen approaching the entrance of
the harbor bearing a flag of truce. Mr. Ma
rengo, the chief of staff on the' naval sta
tion, went to meet the boat in a launch
The American vessel lowered a small boat
with two American officers, who Informed
Mr. Marengo that their object was to ef
fect an exchange of Spanish prisoners for
the American correspondents captured at
Salado. Mr. Marengo then returned to lay
the matter before Governor General
Blanco, after which the launch went out
again, this time carrying also Colonel
Pelpl of the general staff and Mr. Gollan,
the British consul general. A conference
waa than held en board tbe Bpanlih launch.
Ettabllabett 1878 lacorporatett 1899
*
Removal Sale — Silks
During the past week we have received several in
voices of very handsome Silks for Waists—all the
very latest plaids and stripes. As these goods were
purchased previous to our decision to remove to
Broadway, they will at once be placed on sale as if
they had been held in stock—in other words at
Removal Reduced Prices.
It is the most important silk offering we have
made since our sale began.
McCall Pattern* are sold here only.
Ten and Fifteen Cents.
June styles now In.
COULTER DRY GOODS CO.
Corner Spring and Second Streets
THE FLYING SQUADRON
STOPS AT CHARLESTON AND
TAKES ON COAL
NO SPANISH SHIPS WERE SEEN
All Well on Board When the Pour Bis;
Warships Besumed Their
Journey South
Associated Preee Special Wire
CHARLESTON, 8.C., May 15.—(0n board
the flagship Brooklyn of the flying squad
ron, off Charleston, S. C.) The four vessels
of war comprising the major portion of the
flying squadron of Commodore Schley, ar
rived off Charleston bar, nine miles from
Charleston city, at 4 oclock this afternoon
end having been at sea three days and
having seen no sign of the Spanish cruisers
or torpedo boats suld to be In this locality.
The pilots were dropped at Cape Henry on
Friday night, and the squadron proceeded
to sea at a ten-knot squadron speed. At
sunsot active battle preparations were
made. Ports were closed with steel cov
ers, battle hatches covered, the main bat
tleships' guns loaded and men sent to the
guns with Instructions for a night watch
to be kept. With all lights extinguished
the squadron proceeded in a southeasterly
direction. Toward morning severul heavy
fog banks were run Into and during one of
these intervals the collier Sterling became
detached. To wait for her was partly the
reason that anchorage was made, although
Commodore Schley communicated at once
with Washington and the navy depart
ment. When the collier arrives all the ship*
will take coal and then proceed to sea
again. The only incident of the trip from
Hampton Roads was the holding up of a
British steamer that did not display Its
flag. The Scorpion was sent after her and
soon overhauled her. She proved to be the
British steamer Elsie, with a load of phos
phate rock, bound for Norfolk, va. She
was allowed to proceed. There were sev
eral ludicrous Incidents, mostly enacted at
night and evidently arising from a lack
of knowledge of the nationality of our
ships, no colors or lights being displayed.
On Saturday night a swift merchantman
crossed the" bows of the Brooklyn. Sud
denly the big warship turned on her side
lights. Instantly every light on Hie mer
chantman went out and she made a run.
evidently believing she had encountered
the Spanish. No attempt was made to
undeceive her. and It is expected that she
will report having seen a hostile fleet. On
Sunday morning a schooner on the horizon,
bearing north toward the ships, suddenly
caught sight of the squadron and reversing
her position, disappeared from view. The
fleet had splendid weather and a smooth
sea. The squadron has been ordered to
Key West and sails tonight.
Still Headed South
CHARLESTON, S. C, May 15.—Commo
dore Schley's flying squadron passed here
at 5:30 this afternoon. Just stopping long
enough to receive orders that were await
ing on board the lighthouse tender Wlsta
rea. The squadron was under full heudwiy
again In sixteen minutes paesing out of
range to the southward. Nothing could he
obtained from the naval district com
mander as to the destination of the squad
ron, but the Impression prevails that It is
bound for Key West. Commodore Schley
reported all well.
Teddy's Terrors
i BAN ANTONIO, Tex., May 15—Theo
dore Roosevelt, lieutenant colonel of the
regiment of rough riders organized by him.
arrived In the city today and immediately
went Into camp. He was busy all day re
ceiving callers. Religious services were
held in the rough riders' barracks this af
ternoon and were attended by nearly all
the men in the regiment and thousands of
visitors from the city. All the troops are
now ln the camp except2oo from the Indian
territory, who are looked for at any mo
ment. All the men are uniformed and
equipped, and the men of tho lirst or Ari
zona squad will receive their carbines, six
shooters and machetes tomorrow. Co'.onel
Roosevelt is enthusiastic over the showing
made by the regiment and thinks it wl.l
move In a few days.
Headed for Camp
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., May 15.—The
Fifteenth Indiana regiment left at 5 oclock
this afternoon for Chickamauga, march
ing from Camp Mount to the Union station.
The men, burdened with their heavy nc
couterments, were tired and dusty when
they boarded the cars. Fully 20,000 people
t heered the volunteers out of Camp Mount,
and It Is estimated that 75.000 people turned
cut ln the city to bid the boys God-speed,
Two more regiments will depart for Ckjek
amauga tomorrow.
Seekatz Stock
At 60c
On the Dollar
Samples of • •
The Great Bargain*
$2-90
For Men's Shoes made on the
above last and in six other
styles. Genuine French calf,
welted soles, congress or lace.
Worth $4.00.
$2-75
For Ladies' Cloth Top Button
Shoes, hand-turned soles, tourist
foxed. Seekatz price $4.00.
Ours $2.75.
$1-50
For Ladies' Cloth Top, Square
Toe Shoes, foxed. Seekatz price
$2.25. Our price $1.50.
$2-00
For Ladies' Oxfords, with
French heels, cloth tops and
foxing. Seekatz price $4.00. Our
price $2.00.
$2-00
For Ladies' Tan Vici Kid Ox
fords that Seekatz sold for $3.25
a pair.
Bargains in Boys', Misses' and
Children's Shoes from
Sl.OO to f 8.89
Wm. Gibson
214 W. Third St.
Between Spring end Broadway
Garland Stores and Ranges
"The World* Beat"
Michigan Stoves and Ranges
Always Dependable
Next to Quality to "Garlanda*
New York Specialists
We are pre-Eminent to Disease* of
Men Only SSEr
-230K S. Main St, Los Angela
Mien's Press Cllppiaa IWi
»S3 w«s* a»o—4 ■tfaaa*
X>m Ang*>". Oa*. : :
Fvralsh i«t»»rM^^^^g>W^^
3

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