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■ 11 TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR. NO. 249. RUSSIA FAVORS INTERVENTION TO SECURE THE CESSATION OF WAR AGAINST SPAIN Spain Having Mortgaged the Resources of the Mother Country and of AH Her Colonial Possessions, the Money Power Seeks to Avoid Loss of Principal Advanced •WECIAL TO THE HERALD. ~ Washington, June s.—The state department is in receipt of information from our ambassadors at the various European courts tending; to corroborate the news that Russia is endeavoring, in the interests of Spain, to secure the co-operation of the continental powers in an effort to bring to a close the war between the United States and Spain. These dispatches show that the motives influencing the European governments to bestir themselves in Spain's behalf are two-fold. One reason is that Spain has mortgaged to capitalists all over Europe not only her resources at home, but also those of the colonies with the loss of which she is threatened. The money power in Europe is being appealed to on grounds of selfish interest. The other reason is that Europe does not regard with favor the prospect of having to support another weak government, like that of Turkey; such a situation offers too many dangers to European peace to be regarded with equanimity. So far as this government has been advised, however, the projected ; ntervention has not yet assumed definite shape. It can be stated on high official authority that it is the present intention of the administration to insist upon its right to dictate its own terms of peace. Those terms will be that we shall retain whatever possessions we may hold at the conclusion of peace. In any event, they will demand the absolute relinquishment of Spanish authority in the western hemisphere. As to Ihe Philippine islands, the present intention of the administration is to hold them as a war indemnity. Aguinaldo and his insurgent followers will soon be fighing side by side with American troops against Spain's soldiers in those islands. The insurgents will thus become the allies of the United States and to turn them over to Spain's tender mercies at the conclusion of the war to be butchered, or at least to be again subjected to all the oppression of Spanish misrule, is not contemplated by the administration. It is not supposed that those terms will be accepted by Spain. She will protest and use all her influence to induce her European friends to support her protest. President McKinley foresees that at this point will come the most crucial period of the war, when diplomacy must take the place of the sword and gun. He does not believe that the European coalition will go so far as to try to force the United States to accept terms from Spain less exacting than the loss of these three possessions. Yet the possibility that an overwhelming display of force may be made by the continental powers to compel the United States to back down, is recognized. Efforts will be and are, in fact, now being made, to prevent the successful combination of the powers in any such move, But if the worst comes, and the United States finds itself confronted by Russia, Austria, France and Germany, all demanding concessions from United States to Spain in settlement of terms of peace, the Anglo-American alliance, of which so much has been heard lately, may take a more definite shape. Even now it is regarded with much favor by the president and his cabinet as one of the possibilities of the future and its establishment as a fact may be hastened by any efforts on the part cf Europe to coerce the United States into altering its po'icy towards Spain. "America Must Voluntarily Submit" St. Petersburg, June s.—(By Associated Press.)— The Novosti, commenting today on the supposed intention of the Spanish government to appeal to the powers to intervene, says: "It is full time to end a senseless and criminal war. Spain's appeal is a sort of capitulation, but, on the other hand, America must voluntarily submit her pretension to a tribunal of the powers. "America cannot avoid doing this, as her position, with two long and exposed coast lines, is not such as could withstand the combined fleets of two or three European powers. Let Eutope raise her mighty voice and restore that peace to which mankind looks for the only peaceful expansion and for the triumph of civilization." Effects of the Merrimac Affair LONDON, June 5. —When the result of the Merrimac affair was known in Madrid the money market became animated, while in political and financial circles curiously conflicting impressions prevailed, some fancying that the successive failures of the Americans might have the result the United States favors to peace. Financiers, on the other hand, are divided between patriotic satisfaction and the feeling that the drift of the war means its prolongation and pecuniary sacrifices detrimental to Spanish credit. Most of the newspapers attach importance to the affair since it was shown that the Spanish forces are not only alert but well able to hold the enemy in check. Cadiz Fleet Bound for Cuba LONDON, June 5. —A dispatch to th: Daily Telegraph from Gibraltar sayst "The Cadiz reserve squadron is now a week out ana bound for Cuba." Warships at the Canaries Madrid, June s.—Advices from Grand Canary, dated Mty 26, slate that three Spanish torpedo boats were still in the harbor. A military signal station has been established on the lighthouse island and keen watch is kept for suspicious vessels. Other formications at various points were almost completed at the time the mail left. THE HEROIC SINKING OF THE MERRIMAC Associated Press Special Wire OFF SANTIAGO DE CUBA, June 3, 7 a. m.. via Port Jamaica, June 4, per the Associated Press dispatch boat Dauntless, (delayed ln transmission). — (Copyright, IS9S). The following is a detailed story of the act of heroism performed by I.ieut. Richmond P. Hobson and his seven com panions in sinking the collier Merrimac across the channel leading into the harbor of Santiago de Cuba; The Spanish fleet Is now helpless, being held captive tn Santiago de Cuba harbor, The narrow channel leading into the harbor was completely blocked early this morning when the United States collier Merrimac was sunk across tho entrance. It Is now Impossible for the Spaniards to get out, and it Is equally Impossible for any vessel to get Into the harbor. Therefore, the Spanish first-class armored cruisers Maria Teresa. Cristobal Colon, Vizcaya and Ad miranto Onueudo. with the two torpedo boat destroyers Furore and Pluton, arc no longer of any use to Spain. The result was accomplished through the heroism of I.ieut. Richmond P. Hobson, assistant naval con structor, and Danic! Montague, George Charrette, J. C. Murphy, Oscar Dlegnan, John Phillips, John Kelly and H. Clausen. The last named, a coxwaln of the New York, took part, ln the expedition against orders. They were all captured by the Spanish, but the Spanish admiral, In recog nition of their bravery, sent word to the American Admiral, under a flag of truce, that he was willing to exchange the prison ers, and assured the American commander that they would be treated with the great est kindness. Money and provisions hsve heen sent to them, and the necessary steps are being taken to bring about their ex change. The Merrimac's Crew Montague is chief master at arms of the New York. He has served four years ln the navy, Is 23 years of ago, and his home is in Brooklyn. George Charre'.te Is a gunner's mate of the New York. He has served fourteen years in the navy, is 31 years of age, and resides at Lowell, Mass. J. C. Murphy is a coxwaln of the lowa. Oscar Dlegnan is a coxwaln of the Mer rimac und is about 21 years old. John Phillips is a machlneßt of the first class, belonging to the Merrimac, He is 36 years of age, and his home is in Boston. John Kelly is a water tender, about 35 years old. His home Is near Glasgow. Scotland. 11. Clausen, who slipped on board the Merrimac without permission, in order to take part In the expedition, is a coxwaln of the New 7 York. I.ieut. Richmond Pearson Hobson, as sistant naval constructor, was horn at Greensboro, Ala., August 17, 1S70: wns ap pointed, after a competitive examination, to the naval academy in May, ISBS. He was the youngest member of his class, but graduated at the head of his eighteen com panions. He has studied engineering under the auspices of the United States govern ment in France, and was made assistant na val constructor In ISM. He is the author of the semi-political work entitled "The Situation and Outlook In Europe," and was assigned to the flagship New York when Rear Admiral Sampson sailed for the West Indies. Lieut. Hobson is a nephew of John A. Morehcad of North Carolina, and is a grandson of Chief Justice Pearson of that state. He Is unmarried, and his father. Judge James M. Hobson, lives at Greens boro, Ala. The three men from the Merrimac's crew were all green hands and shipped recently for the war. The Merrimac had on board COO tons of coal when she was scuttled across the channel. Making a Start Lieut. Hobson started on his daring er rand at 3 o'clock this morning. The M. r rlmac was lying to the westward. Under tho cover of the clouds over tho moon she stole toward the coast and made her way to the eastward, followod by a steam THE HERALD launch from the New York, with the following crew on board: Naval Cadet J. W. Powell nf Oswego, N. V.; P. K. Peterson, coxswain; H. Hald ford, apprentice of the first class; J. Mull ings, coal passer; G. L. Russell, machinist of the second class. In the launch were bandages and appli ances for the wounded. From the crowded decks of the New York nothing could be seen of the Merri mac after she had got under tho shadows of the hills. For half an hour officers and men strained their eyes, peering into tho gloom, when suddenly the Mash of a gun streamed out from Morro castle, and then the New York knew that the Merrimac was ni ring ber end. The guns from the Span ish battery opposite Morro castle an swered quickly with more flashes, and for about twenty minutes flashes of fire Been ed to leap across tho harbor entrance. The flagship was too far away to hear the reports, and when the firing ceased it was judged that Hobson had blown up the Merrimac. For an hour the anxious watchers waited for daylight. Rear Ad miral Sampson and Capt. Chadwick were on 1 he bridge of the New York throughout. At C.oclock thin streams of smoke were seen against the western shore, quite close to tin* Spanish batteries, and strong glasses made out the launch of the New York re turning to the flagship. Scarcely had the small craft been sighted before a puff of smoke Issued from a battery on the west ern arm of the harbor and a shot plunged over the launch. Then for in minutes the big guns on shore kept up an irregular Are on the little launch. As the shells fell without hitting the object they were in tended for. the men on hoard the New York jeered at the Spanish marksmanship and cheered their shipmates. At.thlSa. m. the launch came alongside the flagship, but sho did not have, on hoard any of the crow of the Merrimac. Cadet Powell reported h ti ' had been unable to see any signs f the I lerrimac's crew. It developed that, with groat bravery, the crew had gone right under tho batteries, and only re LOS ANGELES, MONDAY MORNING, JUNE 6, 1898 —San Francisco CaJL SANTIAGO HARBOR, SHOWING THE SPANISH FLEET INSIDE AND THE MERRIMAC IN THB ACT OF GOING TO THE BOTTOM AT THE ENTRANCE THE INVESTMENT OF SANTIAGO DE CUBA American Troops Already Landed on Cuban Soil Under the Protection of Guns of the Fleet, and Thousands More Are on the Way—Cuban Patriots Under Gen* Garcia Unite With United States Forces SPECIAL TO THE HERALD. % Cape Haytien, June 5. —Investment of Santiago by the American troops has begun. The last dispatches from the sorely beset capitol of Eastern Cuba told of the landing of 5000 soldiers of the United Slates army at Punta Cabera, six miles to the westward of Santiago harbor, and the massing of General Linares army to oppose them. The Americans have united with General Calixto Garcia's Cuban patriots, as arranged for by Lieutenant Rowan and other American scouts. The nominal force of the Spaniards in the city of Santiago de Cuba is 2500. Other Spanish troops are being hurried from Guantanimo, Helguin and Manzaniila to reinforce Linares army. The reinforcements will be harassed by the Cubans, who have been marching as fast as they can be armed with rifles furnished them by the United States government. More United States soldiers are coming daily. The landing is perfectly protected by the guns of the American fleet. OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS ALREADY BEGUN Washington, June 5. — (Special to the Herald.) At least 16,000 American troops are afloat, and the moral certainty exists that offensive opera, tions have been begun in Santiago province. The rest of the war and navy department enjoyed today is unquestionably the result of known activity among the transports and the fleets of Schley and Sampson. With a coast clear ever since the official announcement of Cervera's bottling in Santiago it was possible to appoint a lendezvous for the transports at the eastern end of Cuba. This opportunity for active operations was utilized and confirmation seems to be found in the report of fighting yesterday and again this morning at Santiago. These reports, vague and unofficial allege that immediately after the blockading of the Santiago channel, moved for the work of landing troops from the transports. The theory is that one expedi tion has effected a footing on the south side of Cuba, slightly to the west of Santiago harbor and on either the east of Santiago harbor, or on the north side of the island, directly opposite Santiago. If landings have been effected on the north side of Cuba at Point de Banes or on the south side to the east or west of Santiago, it can well be imagined that the reported fighting might have resulted from the engagement of the fortifications by the Ameri can ships as a distracting influence, or the clearing of the beach of Spaniards by the convoys. turned when all hope of taking on board the crew of the Merrimac hud to be aban doned. Cadet Powell also reported that he had clearly seen the Merrimac's masts Sticking up just where Hobson had hoped to sink her, north of tho Estrellu buttery and well past the guns of Morro castle. But of the heroes who had penned the Span iards in there was not a sound or a sign. The Venture Successful Rear Admiral Sampson said: "I am pretty sure the attempt was quite successful. 1 hope all those brave fellows are not captured." Cadet Powell believed that the torpedoes previously fixed about the Merrimac were exploded, as planned, as Lieut. Hobson was well up the harbor before the Span iards opened lire on the Merrimac. What actually happened on the Merrimac can best lie judged from what I.ieut. Hob son said just before leaving the flagship. Sitting In his cabin, his face browned by the sun and his eyes Hashing with ex citement, he remarked: "I shall go right Into the harbor until about 400 yards past the Estrella battery, which Is behind Mor ro castle. I do not think they can sink me before I reach somewhere near that point. The Merrimac has 7000 tons' buoy ancy, and I shall keep her full speed ahead. She can make about ten knots. When the narrowest part of the channel is reached I shall put her helm hard aport, stop the engines, drop the anchor, open the sea connections, touch oft tho torpedoes and leave the Merrimac a wreck, lying athwart the channel, which is not as broad as the Merrimac is long. There are ten S lnch improvised torpedoes below the wa ter line on the Merrimac's port side. They are placed on her side against the bulk heads und vital spots, nnd connected with each other by a wire under the ship's keel." "Each torpedo contains 82 pounds of gunpowder. Each torpedo Is also con nected with the bridge and they should do their work in a minute and it will be quick work even if done in a minute and a quar ter. . "On deck there will he four men and my self. In the engine room there will be two other men. This is the total crew and all of us will he in our underclothing with revolvers and ammunition in watertight packing strapped around our waists. For ward there will ho a man on deck and around his waist will be a line, the other tnd of the line being fas; to the bridge on which I will stand. By my side will be an ax. When I stop tho engine I will jerk the cord'and will thus give the signal to cut the lushing which will cut the forward anchor. Wo will then jump overboard and swim to the tour-oared dingy which we shall tow asti m. The dingy is full of life-buoys and unslnkable. In it are rilles. It is to be held by two ropes, one made fast at her how and one at her stern. The first man to reach her will haul in the tow line nnd pull the dingy out to starboard. Tho next to leave the ship are the rest of the crew. The quartermaster at the wheel will not leave until after having put it hard aport and lished it. ile will men jump overboard. "Dcwn below, the man at the reversing gear will stop the engines, scramble up on deck and get over the side as quickly as possible. The man in the engine, room will break open the sea connections with a sledge hammer and will follow his leader Into tho water. This last step insures the sinking of the Merrimac whether the torpedoes work or not. "By this time I calculate the six men will be In the dingy and the Merrimac will have swung athwart the channel to the full length of her 300 yards of cable, which will be paid out before the anchors are cut loose. Then It Is my time to touch tho button. I shall stand on the starboard side of the bridge. The explosion will throw the Merrimac on her starboard side. Noth ing on this side of New York will be able to raise her after that." "And you expect to come out of this alive?" asked a, companion of the lieuten ant. "Ah. that is another thing," said the lieu- tenant. He was so interested in the mc i hanical details of the scheme that ho scarcely stopped to talk of possible death. In reply to frequent questions, Hobson said: "I suppose the Estrella battery will lire down on us a bit, but the ships will throw their searchlights in the gunners' faces and they won't see much of us. Then, if we are torpedoed we should even then be ablo to make the desired position in the channel. It Won't be so easy to hit us. and I think the men should be able to swim to tile dingy. I may jump before 1 am blown up, but I don't see that it makes much difference what I do. I have a fair chance of life either way. If our dingy gets shot to pieces we shall then try to swim for tho beach right under Morro castle. We shall keep together at all haz ards. Then we may be able to make our way alongside and perhaps get back to the ship. We shall fight the sentries or a squad until the last and wo shall only sur render to overwhelming numbers, and our surrender will only take place as a. last and a most uncontemplated emergency." ANOTHER ACCOUNT Making Still More Clearly the Men's Undaunted Heroism OFF SANTIAGO DE CUBA, on board tho Associated Press dispatch boat Daunt less, June 3, 7 a. m.. via Port Antonio, Ja maica, June 4.—(Copyright, IS9B. Delayed in transmission.) By one of the most brilliant exploits ln naval annals the cork has been driven into the bottle of Santiago de Cuba and the Spanish licet could not be more secure were the entrance to the harbor donred, barred and double-locked and the key dropped into the bottomless depths of the sea. Lieu!. Richmond P. Hobson of the flag ship New York with a volunteer crew of seven men, under cover of the darkness, Patronize home industry—if the product deserves it—not only because it is a home industry. LOS ANGELES BREWING CO., Brewers of pure and wholesome beers exclusively. Telephone Bast 82.—Adv. Eight Pages PRICE FIVE CENTS after the moon had set shortly after 3 oclock this morning, ran the big collier Merrimac into the throat of the harbor, swung her broadside to cross the channel and then exploded and sank her. He suc ceeded in this desperate enterprise under tin; fires of the batteries and forts which guard the entrance without support from the fleet. Ensign Powell, also of the New York. with a steam launch crept close under th© trims of Morro castle to take off the heroes of the Merrimac and remained there pluck- Uy until daylight discovered his position, without seeing a trace of the Merrimac's daring crew. To have remained longer would have been sheer madness. As it was he retired from under a heavy lire from Mauser rifles and the heavy guira of tha batteries. Lieut. Hobson and his men are now Span ish prisoners as a flag of truce announces, and will be exchanged in due course of time; but, that their mission was success ful admits of no doubt. Ensign Powell distinctly saw the spars of the wrecked ship In the middle of the channel. Lieut. Hobson placed her at the very point he had selected. Cushing's memorable feat In the blow ing up of the Confederate ram Albemarle is overmatched by Hobson's act, for Cush ing's men crept up Albemrale sound at midnight and fell upon an unsuspecting; foe. Hobson took his ship, 31K) feet long, into the very focus of the battery, with tha enemy at the guns, and blew it up. Dis covery at the end of hi 3 journey was inev itable and death was almost certain. No name, therefore, can be written higher on war's temple of fame than his. Like Cushing's deed, Hobson's desperate undertaking was conceived by him who executed it. When Rear Admiral Sampson joined Commodore Schley on Wednesday the lat ter had ascertained that it would be im possible for the fleet to crawl into the rat holo in which the Spanish fleet had taken refuge. The mines across the entrance and the batteries which commanded it.