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TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR. NO. 272. SPANISH TROOPS IN CAMP NEAR SANTIAGO HIS LAST STAND Atlgusti Seeds Has Final Message Driven Into the Citadel—His Troops Are Deserting;— Food Scarce, Sick and Wounded BT THE ASSOCIATED PRESS SPECIAL WIRE. MADRID, June 28.—Manila advices dated June 23 say: Manila is completely isolated. The city is surrounded by 25,000 rebels. The arrival of the Spanish squadron is anxiously awaited. The city's posi tion is untenable. AUGUSTI'S LAST DISPATCH. MADRID, June 28, 4 p. m.—The government has received the follow ing dispatch from Captain General Augusti, dated from Manila on June 23: "The situation is still as grave as ever. I continue to maintain my position inside the line of blockhouses, but the enemy is increasing in numbers, as the rebels occupy the provinces, which are surrendering. Torrential rains are inundating the intrenchments, rendering the work of defense difficult. The numbers of sick among the troops are increas ing, making the situation very distressing and causing increased deser tions of the native soldiers. "It is estimated that the insurgents number 30,000, armed with rifles and 100,000 armed with swords, etc. m REFUSES TO SURRENDER. "Aguinaldo has summoned me to surrender, but I have treated his proposals with disdain, for lam resolved to maintain the sovereignty of Spain and the honor of the flag to the last extremity. "I have over 1,000 sick and wounded. "The citadel has been invaded by the suburban inhabitants, who have abandoned their homes, owing to the barbarity of the rebels. These inhabitants constitute an embarrassment, aggravating the situation, in view of the bombardment, which, however, is not so seriously appre hended for the moment. "The governor of the Viscayas and Mindano islands cables that he has defeated the insurgents in an engagement, during which Chief Arco, Aguinaldo's representative, was killed. He adds that tranquillity now prevails throughout these islands, and he further asserts that the principal Malay chiefs of the Mindano group declare they desire to fight on the side of the Spaniards against the invaders." According to the advices, the emissaries sent out to seek General Monet's column of 1,000 men, returned after a fruitless search. Captain General Augusti's family is still in the hands of the insur gents. General Lena, with 1,000 soldiers, has surrendered. His soldiers, most of whom are natives, joined the insurgents. A majority of the detachments in the island of Luzon have surrendered, owing to lack of food, though some succeeded in escaping. Numerous Spaniards, in cluding the governors of Batangr. Laguna and Bulacan, have take, refuge at Cavite. The rebels who are besieging Ma nila exceed 25,000. The city is completely isolated anc the arrival of the Spanish squadroi: is anxiously awaited, for the position of Manila is untenable. Small rebel craft navigate the bay. conveying prisoners to Cavite. Admiral Camara's Fleet LONDON, June 28.—The Star to day prints a story from a foreign correspondent to the effect that a part of Admiral Camara's fleet left him on Algeciras, near Gibraltar, and is now on its way to Porto Rico, "to join the squadron of torpedo boats which Captain Villamil has had concealed near there for three weeks past." The correspondent adds: "This fleet will attack Admiral Sampson in the rear while Admiral Cervera attempts a sortie simultan eously with the commencement of the land battle. Thus Admiral Sampson will be too preoccupied to help General Shafter. Will Keep Hands Off NEW YORK, June 28.—(Special to The Herald. Rome: In an inter view with Signor Bonin, the Italian minister of marine, today, he assured me that while the powers had dis sussed the possibility of the bombard ment of the European ports of Spain by American warships, they will not interfere. He explained that ac cording to international law belliger snts have free action, and none of the great powers have any present idea of interfering with that freedom. A THOUSAND SURRENDER. CAMP M'CALLA, WHERE THE MARINES FOUGHT THREE DAYS AND NIGHTS WITH THE SPANISH FORCES THE HERALD FACING THE FOE Troops Near Santiago Are Ready for Battle THE SPANISH WELL ENTRENCHED General Wheeler Climbs a Tree and Investigates. Linares Has Received Thousands of _ Reinforcements—Troops Wei 1 BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS SPECIAL WIRE. AT THE FRONT, ON THE RIO GUAM A, Monday, June 27, noon, per Associated Press Dispatch Boat Wanda, via Port Antonio, Jamaica, June 28, Tuesday forenoon, via Kingston, Jamaica, 12:35 p. m.—(Copy righted, 1898, by the Associated Press. The American front has been advanced beyond the first crossing of the Rio Guama about a mile, and a tug lies three and a half miles from the Spanish entrenchments. General Lawton's brigade rests on the road to Santiago de Cuba. The Third brigade, under General Chaffee, the Seventeenth, Twelfth, and Seventh regiments, holds the trench with his command lying across the road and river. | The First brigade, the Eighth, Twenty-second and Second Massachusetts, under General Evan Clarke, lies on the left flank, slightly in the rear, and the Second brigade, the First, Fourth and Twenty fifth, occupies the opposite position on the right flank. General Wheeler, with the cavalry, is in the rear between Sevilla hills and the Rio Guama. A strong line of outposts is maintained ahead. Genera] Chaffee's brigade, with 3,000 Cubans, under General Aguirra, and several hundred under Col. Gonzales, are skirmishing toward the city this morning. SLIGHT SKIRMISHES. The Cubans had several slight skirmishes with the Spaniards stationed on the hills, on the American right flank, and our auxiliaries occupied the blockhouse in that vicinity, which was evacuated before day break by the Spaniards. The latter retreated toward Santiago de Cuba. No fatalities are reported. General Lawton, General Chaffee and General Wheeler have thoroughly reconnoitered the Spanish position, and with the aid of information furnished by the Cubans, have very good maps of the roads and ditches in the vicinity PACIFICOS SURRENDER. Much information has also been obtained from Spanish paciflcos who have slipped out and given themselves up, in the hope of obtaining food. They report starvation and distress in Santiago. They say the Spanish troops are on short rations and that all the supplies are being held for their use. The sick in the hospitals, the paciflcos say, are suffering from lack of food, and they also report that 77 Spaniards were killed and that 89 were wounded, as the result of the engagement on Friday last with Col. Wood's and Col. Young's commands. Th« most startling information obtained from the paciflcos is that since the advance began almost 20,000 Spanish soldiers have arrived at Santiago de Cuba. This statement is made on the authority of General Lawton, and he is also of the opinion that General Pando may be able to effect a juncture with General Linares at Santiago de Cuba. THE FORTIFICATIONS. There are two fortifications of considerable importance within the Spanish lines, Punta Blanca, at the southern end of the bay, and Santa Urusala, at the southeast corner. On the road to Caney on the north is another fort. There are about 450 men in each of these fortifications, and stretching around the whole city are nine barbed wire fences, 50 yards apart, while just inside these are lines of rifle pits. Outside, to the eastward, about two miles beyond the American outposts, is- a line of entrenchments extending from the northern extremity of the city to Morro Castle. A little to the east of south, at a distance of about seven miles from General Lawton's headquarters, lies Morro Castle. The road to within a few hundred yards of the batteries at the rear of Morro as reconnoit ered yesterday afternoon by General Chaffee and several members of his staff. The Cubans believe that if the water supply of the oity can be cut off, Santiago will have to yield at once. They say that Admiral Cervera's entire fleet, except the torpedo boat destroyer Terror, is in the harbor. General Lawton is inclined to discredit the reports that guns have been taken from the Spanish ships to strengthen the defenses on land. He says it would be impossible for Admiral Cervera to reach the position of the American army with his big guns from where the Spanish ships lie. AN ENFORCED WAIT. No aggressive move by the Americans is anticipated for several days. The road to the base of supplies must be greatly improved before the onward move can be safely made. At present it taxes the quartermaster's department to the utmost to get provisions and ammunition. LOS ANGELES, i£DNESDAY MORNING, JUNE 29. 1898 (Continued on Page Four.) MARINES ASHORE AT GUANTANAMO OFF TO MANILA General Merritt and Third Expedition Has Proclamation as Governor-Gen eral of the Islands Ready. Troops With Him BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS SPECIAL WIRE. SAN FRANCISCO, June 28.—Major General Merritt has abandoned his headquarters at the Phelan building, and today formally turned ov« the office to Major General Otis. Preliminary to leaving the building, General Merritt notified hil staff officers that they must have all their baggage aboard the steamer Newport tonight. Clerks and messengers attached to the various officers of General Merritt's department were ordered to go aboard the steamer tonight. General Merritt announced that he would embark at 9 o'clock tomor row morning, and hopes to issue orders to sail before 10 o'clock. He sent a telegram to Washington announcing that he had turned over to General Otis the command of the forces that are to remain behind and would himself depart for Manila, where he will assume his duties as governor general of the Philippines. THE PROCLAMATION. He has prepared a proclamation, which will be issued immediately after his arrival at Manila. He expects to enter that city without any serious resistance, but in case of necessity is prepared to use both the naval and military forces at his command to take forcible possession of the place. The proclamation to be disseminated has been translated into Spanish, and many thousands of copies will be circulated. Although its contents are as yet kept secret, its general tenor is known. It will announce to the people of the islands that General Merritt, as the repre sentative of the United States, has established a provisional government, and that his authority must be respected. At the same time he will assure the inhabitants that he comes not to oppress but to free them. They are to be granted the fullest liberty compatible with the preservation of law and order, and all personal and property rights are to be respected. EXPECTS SURRENDER. In an interview tonight General Merritt expressed his satisfaction with the officers and men under his command and the most complete con fidence in the success of the United States in the Philippines. He has instructions from Washington to confer with Admiral Dewey on his arrival at Manila, and the two commanders are to act in concert in every* thing that may be necessary to insure the occupation of the islands by this government. General McArthur, in command of the third expedition, is instruct ed to proceed at full speed to the Philippines, only stopping at Honolulu for coal. General Merritt, on the speedy Newport, expects to overtake this expedition. The transport Valencia, with two batteries of the North Dakota volunteers on board, sailed late this afternoon, and if nothing unfore seen occurs will in a few days be in company with the other vessels of General McArthur's command. WILL TAKE CHANCES. It was intimated at headquarters this morning that General Merritt's plan is not to wait for the transport, which can only average about ten knots an hour, but to hurry into Honolulu, get on coal and proceed on to Manila as soon as possible. With the advantage of a faster boat, Gen eral Merritt will probably reach! Manila a week in advance of the third expedition. The Newport, which is to convey, Major General Merritt to Manila, is ready to go to sea at a moment's no tice. All her supplies have been placed on board and the baggage of the staff officers is almost all on board. THE NEWPORT'S GUNS. Six gatling guns mounted on car riages have been fixed on the upper deck, and the Astor battery's howit zers and the guns of the Third United States artillery, Batteries H and X, will afford some protection to the ship, though they would not be of much use if the Newport should happen to run into Admiral Camara's fleet. The Newport is a speedy vessel, and as she can easily make 18 knots an hour, she is expected to catch np with the third transport fleet before they reach Honolulu. The Astor light battery and flu m 1 —*-— *>±* _ iF^" Twelve Pages PRICE FIVE CENTS From a photograph.