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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, July 09, 1898, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042461/1898-07-09/ed-1/seq-1/

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Front Row, Left to Right—Gen. Castillo, Gen. Sangulney, Gen. Lecret, Gen.
Nunez. The Men Standing Are Staff Officers.
Every Opportunity Given
For Surrender
iTne Spanish Generals an Santiago
Must Answer Today-=Oiar
Forces Fit to Faglht
WASHINGTON. July B.—There was a continuation of peace talk
today and other evidences in this line are coming to the surface. Such,
for instance, was the confirmation by the state department of the report
that the Cadiz fleet was returning to Spain, since it is scarcely conceiv
able that the Spanish government would doom this last remnant of their
fleet to destruction at the hands of Watson's squadron, which, in all
probability, could head it off before it reached Cadiz, its home port.
Therefore the assumption is that the Spanish goverrment calculates
that at least an armistice, precedent to peace, will be obtained before
the ships reach Spain. An unusually definite report was in circulation
that the United States had been sounded in the interest of peace by the
British ambassador, but when it was brought to Sir Julian Fauncefote's
attention he authorized an explicit denial, and said he had net commu
nicated with the government in any way regarding the termination of
the war.
Conditions at Santiago are also regarded as favorable just now, ac
cording to Gen. Shatter's dispatch received during the forenoon. The
impression prevails that the Spanish are in a desperate plight within
the lines of the city, and Gen. Shafter's action in allowing Linares to
communicate freely with Madrid is an implication that there is at least
a reasonable hope that the Spanish general contemplates a surrender.
However that may be, every preparation is making for a great en
gagement, the final one at Santiago, it is hoped, which may begin even
as early as tomorrow, if Shafter's reinforcements are on hand. The de
partment has not heard so far of the arrival of these soldiers, but be
lieves they have reached Shatter. The greatest difficulty that has been
encountered is in the landing of troops and supplies. This being the
hurricane season, masters of transports have taken their ships many
miles out to sea, necessitating long journeys by the ships' boats, which
make their landings through the surf
with the greatest difficulty and dan-
ger. So slow and tedious has been
the service under these conditions
that Secretary Alger has ordered Gen.
Shatter to seize the transports, one
and all, and place them as near the
coast as he chooses, without regard
to the fears of their masters.
Ten days ago lighters were start
ed down from Mobile and Tampa,
but so far Gen. Shatter has received
only one. These lighters have been
a nightmare to the department ever
since. The captains tie up in creeks
at the slightest sign of bad weather,
while the charter rate of $100 a day
runs on. Orders have been sent for
ward to terminate this state of things,
even if it is necessary to lose a few
lighters in the effort to reach Shaf ter.
The government has not yet de
termined how to dispose of Admiral
Cervera. A feeling of the highest
admiration prevails here for the gal
lantry displayed by the old warrior
and the noble spirit displayed by him
under misfortune. The disposition is
to treat him with as great liberality
as conditions will permit. It has
been proposed that he shall be re
leased on parole not to engage in hos
tilities against the United States un
til the end of the war, but it has not
yet been decided whether to do this
or to confine the admiral technically
within the limits of the naval acade
my reservation at Annapolis. All the
tther captured Spanish officers will
)e confined there, save the surgeons,
who will be allowed to remain with
(Continued on Page Four.)
Santiago is a picturesque city of 50,000
population, situated in the heart of a val
ley at the base of the western spur of the
Cobe mountains. It is the oldest and, in
many respects, the quaintest city on the
Island of Cuba. Like most of the towns on
the island, it Is at times rendered almost
Spain Asks Eeglaod to
Come to Her AM
Proposes Terms Which She Is Sure Will
Not Be Accepted—Blanico and
the Press Waet War
LONDON, July B.—Spain has at length sought peace, applying to Sir Henry
Drummond-Wolff, the British ambassador at Madrid. The British foreign office has
presented the communication to Colonel John Hay, our ambassador to England. Offi
cial denials of this have been made and they are technically correct, but it is a fact
that overtures have been made. The terms suggested as acceptable to Spain are these:
Cuba to be independent, but to pay to Spain an indemnity for several years. Spain to
keep a minor Cuban port until this indemnity shall have been paid. The great powers
to send small detachments of troops to certain Cuban ports. The Philippine islands to
be independent. The United States to occupy Porto Rico as security for the payment
of a war indemnity, the amount of which shall be negotiated. These terms are regarded
as merely a minimum of what Spain expects to be asked of her.
MADRID, July B.—(Special t The Herald.) Senor Gamazo informed me today that the ministers are
now busied principally with affairs outside of Spain. "We have," he added, "treated to some extent the in
ternational aspect of the situation, but I can make no statement." W•
Gorrea assures me that no decision has been taken yet, one way or the other. The people here are build
ing their hopes on the reported differences between Sampson and Shafte and on the heavy American losses
of sick, killed and wounded. According to a dispatch received here from Havana, Capt.-Gen. Blanco open
ly urges the continuation of the w»*- The newspapers say the moment has not yet arrived to seek peace.
ROME, July B.—(Special to The Herald.) The Spanish ambassador said to me that if all the powers
invite Spain to conclude peace she will yield.
LONDON, July B.—(Special to The Herald.) The European powers are evidently trying to bring Spain
to her senses and to ask the United States for peace. The obstinacy o the Madrid government has so far
prevented any friendly action by either the pope or the continental sovereigns.
Italy has been especially severe in condemning the Spanish cabinet. Many articles published in the
Borne journals come as near as diplomacy will allow in denouncing th military and naval commanders and
in pointing out the idiocy of a further struggle. Every influential journal in Paris has advised Spain in
an earnest, friendly way to sue for peace.
Germany, recently so belligrrent in tone, says the same thing, though with many sneers aj/ainst
the United States. Even Austria, Spain's only true friend, is now trying to charitably put some sense into
the fanatical dons' brains and make them realize that surrender is advisable before everything is lost. The
Journal of Vienna correspondent wires tonight: "It is semi-officially announced, and there is every reason to
believe, that the mediation of the continental powers would meet with a friendly reception in Washington,
and would result successfully. It i anticipated by the powers that America does not intend to acquire
Cuba, while, on the other hand,, Spain appears ready to proclaim the independence of Cuba. The French and
Bussian governments will willingly join in the efforts to bring about peace. The most significant part of
this semi-official communication is Shat Spain has been admonished by Austria not to further spoil her situa
tion by continued useless resistance."
ROME, July 9.—(By the Associated Press.) Italia says that negotiations have been opened among
the European powers with a view to arranging peace. The best intentions, the paper asserts, are mani-
(Continued on Page Four)
uninhabitable by the absence ef & jiToper
system of drainage. During the rainy sea
son yellow fever is prevalent. :
The city risos from the water's edge at
the northeastern end of a lons, narrow,
treacherous bay, full of shcais and shal- •
lows. The channel at the entrance to this •
harbor lsj not more tnan 300 yards wide,
but It is sufficiently deep, however, to ad
mit vessels of the largest type.
The entrance to the) harbor is indicated
from a distance at sea by a; remarkable
valley sano'-atine the eastern from the
This rent in> the hills Is sudden and sharp,
and has the appearance of having beet
wrought by a convulsion of nature. On the
east the slope up to the mountains beyond
the foothiU-s at the water's edge Is gradual.
West of the channel the hills and moun
tains rise abruptly. It Is in the gentle slops
Capt. "Dynamite Johnny" O'Brien's Launch Alfredo, Which Is Now Used as S)
Dispatch Boat
Told His Comrades on th©
Flagship New York
Admiral Cervera Took the L3eiuteii»
amt and rJ3s Crew on Board
fils Launch
OFF SANTIAGO, July 8, by the Associated Press dispatch boef
Dauntless, via Port Antonio and Kingston, Jamaica, July 8, 9:15 a. m.
—The return of Assistant Naval Constructor Hobson to his ship, the flag,
ship New York, last night, was marked by wild enthusiasm.
Behind Hobson came Col. John Jacob Astor, and the first thing Hob*
son tried to do was to introduce him to the officers, but Col. Astor got
lost in the crowd which surged around, insisting upon shaking Hobson'e
hand. The transports blew their Whistles. When Hobson sat once mors
among his messmates, he told the story of his experience, hit marvel
ous escape and his imprisonment in Morro castle,
4 aid not miss the entrance to the harbor," he said, "as Ensign
Powell in the launch supposed. I headed east until I got my bearing!
and then made for it, straight in. Then came the firing. It was grand,
flashing out first from one side of the harbor, then from the other, the
four big guns in the hills and the Vizcaya inside the harbor joining in.
"Troops from Santiago rushed down when the news of the Merri
mac's coming was telegraphed, and soldiers lined the foot of the cliffs,
firing wildly across and killing each other with their cross fire. The
Merrimac's steering gear broke as she got to Estrella point. Only three
of the torpedoes on her side exploded when I touched the button.
"A huge submarine mine caught her full amidships, hurling watet
high in the air and tearing a great rent in the Merrimac's side.
"Her stern ran upon Estrella point. Chiefly owing to the work done
by the mine, she began to sink slowly. At that time she was acrosi
the channel, but before she settled the tide drifted her around. We
were all aft, lying on the deck. SI eUs and bullets whistled around us.
The six-inch shells from the Vizcaya came tearing into the Merrimao,
crashing into wood and iron and passing clear through, while the plung*
. _ | ing shots from the forts broke
through her decks.
ef the eastern foothills that the city of San
tiago rests. Half a mile beyond the eltj
the hills rise almost to the height of moun
tains and are oxtremely steep. To view the
city from the top of these hills Is like look
ing over a precipice.
| Twelve Pages |
" 'Not a man must move,' I said,
and it was only owing to the splen
did discipline of the men that all of
us were not killed as the shells sailei
over us and the minutes became hours
of suspense. The men's mouths grew
parched, but we must lie there until
daylight, I told them. Now and again
one or the other of the men, lying
with his face glued to the deck and
wondering whether the next shell
would not come our way, would say.
'Hadn't we better jump off now, sit J
but I said, 'Wait till daylight.'
"It would have been impossible to
get the catamaran anywhere but to
the snore, where the soldiers stood
shooting, and I hoped that by day*
light we might be recognized and
saved. The grand old Merrimac kept
sinking. I wanted to go forward and
see the damage done there, where
J nearly all the fire was directed, but
'one man said that if I arose it would
draw the fire on the rest, so I lay
i motionless. It was splendid the way
j those men behaved. The fire of the
soldiers, the batteries and the Via
caya was awful. When the water
came up on the Merrimac's decks tho
catamaran floated amid wreckage,
but was still made fast to the boom,
and we caught hold of the edge and
clung on, our heads being above the
"One man thought we were lafet
right there. It was quite light. The
fire had ceased, except that on the
New York's launch, and I feared En*

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