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TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR. NO. 283.
Every Reason to Believe the
Emperor Favors Spate
Ambassador White's Speech Forces
the Hand of the German
COPYRIGHTED, 1888, BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
Berlin, July 9—The remarkable speech delivered by the United States
ambassador, Mr. Andrew D. White, at the Fourth of July celebration by
the Americans at Leipsic on Monday last, has divided the attention of the
German press all week equally with the latest developments of the war
between Spain and the United States. The speech is universally charac
terized as a political enunciation of prime importance.
The reproduction by the German newspapers of Mr. White's speech
varied greatly. Many of the papers suppressed those portions of the am
bassador's remarks which were unfavorable to Germany or Germans.
Others pretended to be unaware of any systematic unfriendliness toward
the United States on the part of Germans.
Germany Not Friendly
The Vorwaert says: "It were folly to disguise the fact that the rela
tions between the German and American governments are no longer as
friendly as could be wished in the interests of Germany and peace.
" Certainly the German government thus far has not taken a step
which America would be justified in calling a breach of neutrality, but it is
equally certain that the belief is general in America that German neutrality,
although formally correct, is anything but sympathetic.
Reason For Stispicion
" Judging impartially we must admit the Americans have reason to
believe that Germany lacks good intentions. Since the outbreak of the war
not only the entire government press, but nearly the whole of the rest of
the press have sided strongly, and in many cases, venomously, with Spain
against America. But, even worse, the German papers, even those in close
touch with the government, have stated that Spain was on the point of
ceding Manila and the Philippine Islands to a neutral European power.
We answered immediately to this statement, pointing out that a neutral
power accepting such a gift would create a casus belli, and the cession was
" But it is probable that the plan existed and that Spain was approached
by the Berlin government with such proposals."
The statement cabled by the correspondent here of the Associated Press
on July 2 that he had learned on the best authority that Germany, France
and Russia had reached an understanding relative to the Philippines by
which, when hostilities ceased, they will combine to prevent the United
States or Great Britain gaining possession of the Philippines, and that when
the war is over, an international congress will be proposed, similar to the
Berlin congress of 1878, to settle all questions connected with the war, at
One of the principal defences of Santiago, according to the Spaniards, has been the famed barbed wire "trbchas" invented by General Weyler. General Shafter and the War Board at Washington merely furnished the AnMrican troops with the
customary wire cutters used throughout the United States, and thus the insurmountable ohstacle faded away like snow before a York Journal.
(Continued on Page Four.)
WILL WAIT FOR MILES
IN FRONT OF SANTIAGO,-July 8, 4 p.m. (Per Associated Press dispatch boat
Cynthia, by way of Port Antonio, July 9, and Kingston, July 9, noon.)— General Shafter has
been advised from Washington, under date of July 6as follows: "General Miles with heavy
reinforcements leaves tomorrow. Use greatest care in investing Santiago."
This is believed to mean that hostilities will not be resumed by our side, unless they
are forced to an attack, until Miles arrives.
Refugees, many of them starving, although loaded with jewels and money are strung
along the road from Caney to Siboney. The bodies of four women, apparently well to do,
were found on the road today. There is no place for the refugees here. It is probable that
the Cubans have been forced to camp elsewhere and leave their base of supplies. The gen
eral hospital is less crowded.
General Hawkins, General Liscum and Major Patterson, who were wounded seriously, but
whose condition is not dangerous, are on the steamer City of Washington which will go to
Hampton Roads. • i
SPANISH MAKESHIFTS OVERCOME BY PLAIN YANKEE SENSE
LOS ANGELES, SUNDAY MORNING, JULY 10, t&9&
WILL SPAIN LET IT FLY?
ASKS TEN DAYS
Spain Wants am Armistice
This Government Will Refuse—San
tiago must Surrender or
BT THE ASSOCIATED PRESS SPECIAL WIRB. „
Washington, July 9—The great battla expected today did not talc*
place, although the armistice expired at noon, with the forces on both sides
at Santiago lined up for battle. The reason was that the Spanish com
mander, who had been in correspondence by telegraph with his home gov
ernment, was seeking to make terms with General Shafter by which he
might save his army from capture. He was willing to give up Santiago
without resistance if allowed to retreat with all his men and arms across the
island, but this idea was not entertained for a moment by our government.
On the contrary, every effort will be put forth to seal up all avenues of
escape from Santiago and to compel the final surrender of the Spanish army.
They Don't Want Much
To have allowed them to make their way unmolested into the interior
would have amounted simply to reinforcement of the garrison of Havana
by these thousands of trained soldiers who have proved their courage as
worthy foemen in the fighting in the trenches. On the other hand, to com*
pel their surrender, it is believed would certainly produce an enormous
moral effect, both in Havana and in Spain itself and thus tend to the early
conclusion of the war.
Have Nothing to Say
Secretary Alger and Adjutant General Corbin were In quick communi
cation with General Shafter at Santiago during the day. Both officials,
however, decline positively to give out for publication any dispatches relat
ing to the negotiations that are going on between General Shafter and
General Linares or to confirm any of the exciting rumors that were flying
through the corridors all day. Nevertheless, it was evident from their man
ner that a crisis had been reached, so far as Santiago was concerned, and
that as matters stood at the close of the day, there was no reason to be
dissatisfied with the outlook.
Shatter Has Gained
It is known that General Shafter has lost nothing by the armistice, his
men are rested, the commissary has improved, the roads have been cleared
and his artillery is now almost completely placed in a most effective manner.
None of these things existed at the beginning of the armistice. On the
other hand, the Spanish forces have largely diminished their slender stock
of provisions and have steadily lost in confidence. As soon as they are con
vinced that they will be humanely treated and fed and will not be subjected
to inhuman treatment (and the war department proposes that they shall be
thus protected) it is expected that there will be many desertions from the
Will Be No Long Waits
There is the strongest indisposition on the part of the strategists to
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