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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, July 25, 1898, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042461/1898-07-25/ed-1/seq-1/

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Balls, Heater Parties aid Miners
Rid Feast. WMle the Poor Starve In the Streets
Insurgents Si Distress lit Are Active.
Will Mend tie City
HAVANA, July 24.—(From a Spanish Correspondent). (Delayed in
transmission). After several days' continuous rainfall, the whole island
is again experiencing the overpowering effects of the tropical sun, which
enervates even the strongest person*, and causes the spread of yellow
fever, smallpox, dysentery and other diseases common to the rainy
Havana's people have become accustomed to the effects of the Ameri
can blockade and are tired of watching the movements of the blockading
fleet, which previously formed one of their chief distractions, and now the
parks are again frequented by the inhabitants and the various places of
amusement are filling up.
At most of the theaters patriotic plays are presented' containing
references to the war with the United States, the allusions to the conflict
invariably calling forth applause. '
At the great Tacon theater the produoion of "La Dame A'Camelous"
and "Maragreta of Borgona," by a company whose leading lady is
Senora Luisa Martinos Casdo, a Cuban woman of great beauty, is draw
ing large audiences from the best classes of society.
The attendance of ladies at the churches, notably those of San
Felipe and Santo Domingo, is very large, and many elegant and rich
toilettes are to be seen on Sundays on Obispo street, exciting the admira
tion of strangers visiting the capital.
General Farrada, the second in command in Cuba, recently gave
a breakfast in hono" of the Russian army and navy offioers, Colonel Del
Gilinski and Lieutei ant Fonkoimoff, and the Swedish artillerist, George
Boudez, who came to Cuba to join the Spanish army for the purpose of
studying war. These officers attract great attention werever they
appear, owing to their height and their handsome uniforms and the many
decorations they wear.
A report from Hanzanillo under date of July 21 said the Americans
had landed troops near that place, and it was believed it was their inten
tion to attack the towns simultaneously by land and sea.
A telegram to Admiral Hanterola, the naval commander at Havana,
from the port commander of Manzanillo- also dated July 21, says the
forces landed by the Americans opened fire on the town on the night of
the 20th instant, but that the American ships, which made an attack on
the 18th, were not seen again. The port commander also reported that
a detachment of Spanish sailors were quartered near Manzanillo.
News was received on the morning of July 22 at general headquar
ters that Manzanillo had not been attacked again, and the Spanish troops
were still at their posts and were filled with enthusiasm and a determina
tion to repel any attack that might be matte.
At 9 o'clock on the night of July 21 a ship was sighted off Havana
with her lights burning. She was not fired upon, but when about two
and one-half miles off the port a searohlight was turned on her, and she
immediately withdrew, disappearing in the offing.
A band of insurgents recently went to the railroad bridge! ag Arroyo
Hondo, near Candelaria, in the province of Finar Del Rio, and despite
the opposition of the garrison of the fort, plaoed a dynamite bomb
under the bridge, exploding it, add blowing up the structure.
The free kitchens for the poor established in Havana, the number of
which is being steadily increased, feed thousands of destitute persons,
and more than ever before are shown the charitable sentiments of a city
whose generosity has always been proverbial. The commercial estab
lishments of the city are continually making donations for this work,
and the government of Captain General Blanco has sanctioned the
expenditures of large sums of money to relieve the prevailing distress.
The insurgents are reduced to the utmost in the provinces of Santa
Clara, Matanzas. Havana and Finar Del Rio.
It is reported here that the insurgents on the 15th made an attack
on Managuas fort, Havana province, and after firing lasting five hours,
the garrison drove the attacking force off, compelling them to retire
with the loss of twenty killed or wounded. The insurgents carried
their wounded with them when they retreated. The telephone line
connecting Managuas with Havana was partly destroyed by the insur
gents, but the garrison of the fort repaired the damage and re-established
Advices from Isabella de Sagua, under date of July 21, report that
on the previous day there appeared before Marillanos an American
vessel, apparently a merchantman, which had been converted into a war-
Ship. The pilot of the port set out in a small boat to make reoonnois
sance, and five cannon shots were fired at his boat by the Americans
The stranger was a long distance off shore.
In accordance with the determination of the inhabitants to defend
Havana against the attacks of the American forces, the city has lately
been converted into a Sebastopol and Malakoff. Great animation reigns
in the city, and the most intense enthusiasm is displayed among the
regular troops and the volunteers. Military exercises and drills are
"ng held constantly. All the forces express a desire to measure arms
h the invaders, and a determination to sell their lives in defense of
tnwir country. Judging from the words and acts of the troops it would
be difficult to find soldiers more willing than those in Havana to suffer and
even to give up their lives as if they were of no value in defense of their
There are before Havana today a cruiser and five gunboats..
Smallpox Among the Men of the Seventh Regiment
SAN FRANCISCO, July 24.—Sickness among the soldiers now here
is increasing. In the division hospital are 208 patients, and in the
Fresidio barracks hospital, 45, a total of 253 soldiers, not oounting per
haps a hundred less severe cases in regimental hospitals.
More soldiers are sick now than during the bad weather, when about
14,000 men were at Camp Merritt, where today there are only a little over
half that number.
Dewitt C. Tucker, a private in Company L. Fifty-first lowa, died today
of pneumonia. The remains will be taken back to Counoil Bluffs for
Pirßt T «nessee, died late
Saturday night at the division hospital of dysentery.
Several men in the hospitals are in a ontioal oondition
Two cases of varioloid were discovered today in the Seventh Cali
fornia. These men will be completely isolated. oevenwi uw*.
Given telly
(Governor August! Telegraphs Spain That
a Battle Is Imminent
Prospects for Peace Said to Be Getting Brighter.
The Freich Embassy Will Probably
Uidertake a Settlement
LONDON, July 25. —A special dispatch from Madrid says
that General Augusti, captain general of the Philippines, has tele
graphed to the government as follows: The Americans are about
to attack Manila. Great events are impending.
LONDON, July 25.—N0 news has been received in London as to any special disorders in Spain. A
dispatch from Madrid says that the cabinet yesterday (Saturday) dfscussed the question of censorship, and
decided to continue to enforce the regulations. The press is preparing all classes for the loss of Cuba and
Forto Rico, and for developments at Manila.
MADRID, July 24,9 p. m.—The members of the cabinet today visited the queen regent, it being her
name day. Senor Sagasta, premier, says that not all the troops included in the capitulation of Santiago
agreed to surrender.
LONDON, July 24.—The Madrid correspondent of the Times says:
Peace prospects have greatly improved during the last forty-eight hours. The diplomatic exploration
of the Duke Almodovar de Rio, the foreign minister, has been more practical than was supposed and it is
now tolerably certain that the government's efforts are entering a new phase, which may gradually lead to
tangible results. The precise nature of the change is a secret, but there is little doubt that it tends to direct
negotiations between Spain and the United States, there being no inclination to seek the mediation of any
neutral power. The moment has arrived when America, having reached the parting of the ways, must
choose between war with a specific object and an indefinable war of conquest.
The present pause in hostilities is held to prove that the United States is reluctant to plunge into
a wider sphere of action, and it may be confidently predicted that if direct negotiations are opened without
delay both countries will find their views on the main poit—that of the future of Cuba—far from reconcilable.
The growing dissensions between the Cuban insurgents and the Americans are noted here with great
satisfaction, and on all sides I hear:
"If we must lose Cuba it is better that the islands should be annexed by America, because the traitors
would thereby be punished and the enormous Spanish interests in the islands would be protected."
The French embassy at Washington seems the most likely channel for opening negotiations, and the
semi-official statement that America intends to retain Porto Rico is regarded here as a hint to Spain to hurry
LONDON, July 25.The Gibraltar correspondent of the Daily News, telegraphing Sunday, says:
According to ministerial admissions, peace is further off than it was last week. The great difficulty
is the loss of the Cuban cable. Senor Gamazo, the minister of public instruction, threatens to resign.
The administrative haste and bustle in Spain about port defenses are prodigious, but who can think
what all this means after all that has happened. The heavy French guns supplied from the Saint Chamond
works have been lying for the last six weeks in the drill ground at Carabanch. They are being tested
and will be sent to replace the brass and other old-fashioned pieces at Cadis, but the means of loading them
(Continued on Pace Three.)
'Situation of tie American Amies
on Sunday
Miles Expected to Laid on Forto Rico Witl ffls
First Force—Gem Henry Talks of tie
Santiago Fight
WASHINGTON, July 24.—1t was said at the war department that
no news can be expected from official sources as to General Miles' move
ments until tomorrow. It is calculated that he arrives tonight on the
point at Porto Rico selected as the rendezvous for all vessels of the expe
dition. Whether or not he will undertake to make the landing in
advance of the arrival of the whole expedition probably will depend
entirely upon conditions as he finds them. Should there be no Spanish
force, or at least an inconsiderable one on the coast, the troops will be
landed to relieve them from the disastrous effects of being confined
closely on shipboard under a tropical sun. The general has with him
sufficient artillery to hold any position he may choose to occupy, supple
mented as this artillery will be by the guns of his naval convoy. Meanwhile
the department is making every effort to hurry along the remainder of the
expedition. Some troops are now on their way from Tampa and
Charleston, and should reach Porto Rico by the middle of the week.
Naval officials are assisting actively in getting the troops off, and were
engaged today in sending the necessary orders to that end to the naval
commands of the military vessels which have been placed at the service of
the war department. In the oourse of a day or two the troops brought
from Chickamauga by General Brooke will sail from Hampton Roads,
where they have been arriving all day and are ready for transports.
There is a probability that General Miles may be delayed for several
days in his landing operations for lack of lighters, but several of these
are now on their way and others will be hurried forward as rapidly as
possible. However, it may be a speedy landing on Porto' Rico soil, it will
be well along towards the end of this week before the active land cam
paign can be begun in Porto Rioo. General Shafter reported by cable
today that the oondition of the troops at Santiago was rapidly improving,
and said he hoped in the course of a day or two to have them all located in
comfortable camps where they may rest and recuperate, and where the
sick may recover. He is feeding 11,000 of the Spanish prisoners of war,
and although he hasfSot yet been able to furnish them with tents, yet
this deficiency is being made good, and their condition is no worse in
this respeot than was their condition before the surrender. The gen
eral makes no mention of the alleged letter from Garcia to himself, nor
does he speak of any friction between them, hence the department ha* /
come to doubt the authenticity of the published stories on these subjects. \
In his report to the war department relative to conditions at San
tiago, General Shafter has thrown some light upon the difficulties in
which certain of the newspaper correspondents there have involved
themselves. From his report, it would appear that, animated by an
ambition to take a prominent part in the important events following each
other in rapid succession at Santiago after the initiation of the negotia
tions for the surrender of the city, a few of the correspondents were
guilty of grave breaches of military law, necessitating prompt correct
ive action by General Shafter. Thus, for instance, one correspondent, in
his efforts to take part in the flag-raising over the city hall, resisted the
military officers in the execution of their duty, and even attempted a
personal assault upon the commanding general. This made him subjeot
to summary and severe punishment, even death, yet General Shafter,
probably realizing that ignorance of military law was the explanation
of the action, contented himself with expelling that correspondent from
A more serious offense, from the fact that it might easily have
led to rioting and loss of life, was that of three other correspondents,
who, it appears by General Shaf ter's report, by circulating inflammatory
posters, stirred up the town. They were likewise deported, and, as
evidence that he has no ill feeling towards the papers represented by
them, but desired only to exercise only such control as is imperatively
demanded in the interest of safety to cur troops and protection of
people under their oare, General Shaf te> N has declared that these corre
spondents may be immediately replaced by others from the same paper,
who will observe the rules of prudence. No mention is made of any
other cases requiring attention, and it is indioated that the relations
between the newspaper men and the army officers at Santiago are gen
erally amicable and satisfactory. In a very dignified manner, General
Shafter takes notice of some of the severely critical newspaper articles
that have appeared, touching the condition of the troops before Santiago
while they lay in the trenches. He admits that there was a shortage of
tobacco for a time, but shows conclusively that there was no lack of the
necessaries of life, and that the troops were adequately supplied with
hard bread, bacon, sugar and coffee. Although this bill of fare is not as
extensive as that afforded troops in garrison, it embodies the main features
of the army ration while on field service and removed from a base of
supplies. As it has been alleged in some quarters that there was a lack
of purpose in the battles incident to the advance upon Santiago, it is
interesting to note that while General Shafter admits that for two days
he was himself lying ill, owing to the great heat and exposure, he asserts
that the plans laid down in advance for the movement were carried out
with absolute exactness.
With the week just closed the United States saw the end of the third
month of the war with Spain, and the responsible officials, from tha
president down to the lowest employe who has had to do with shaping}
the course of events, feeling nothing but satisfaction with the progress
made. An army of quarter of a million men has been mobilized, armed
and equipped, and much of it has seen service.
The battles preceding the capture of Santiago have been remark*
able in many respects, and in the opinion of military experts have oot«
ered the United States army engaged with impressive glory. Modem
warfare of a type developed in these engagements was absolutely new,
and untried, not only to the United States, but to the world. No such
charge is recorded in history as that made upon the fort and block
houses crowning the hills of El Caney. There have been engagements
between trained troops and savage races in the jungles of India and on
the hills of South Africa of late years that conveyed In a slight manner
the possibilities! of modern weapons. But these battles fought by tha
Fifth armp corps have been the first in whioh large bodies of troops of
civilised nations on both sides have been engaged with all *Tpjli»«a|p,
Eight Pages

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