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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, July 30, 1898, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042461/1898-07-30/ed-1/seq-1/

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Miles and His iei Welcomed at
Poice' Witt Cheers
Spaniards Are Retreating Toward Sai Jinan—Tie
Mxie Takes tie Port—Troop All Well
A Proclamation Issued
WASHINGTON, July 29.—The most important news received at the
war department today was the cable from Gen. Miles, announcing the
excellent progress being made in Southern Porto Rico and the capture of
Ponce. The navy department also received a cable, announcing Jhat the
navy had captured the city of Ponce and had landed the forces under
Gen. Miles. Both departments are very much gratified with what has
been accomplished, and the tone of both dispatches indicates that the
rivalry between the army and the navy for honors in the Spanish war
is not yet at an end. The department expects an easy conquest of Porto
Rico, and notwithstanding the overtures for peace made by Spain, the
war will be prosecuted vigorously in that island.
ST. THOMAS, D. W. 1., July 29.—The port of Ponce, island of Porto
Rico, surrendered to Commander Davis of the auxiliary gunboat Dixie on
Wednesday. There was no resistance, and the Americans were welcomed
with enthusiasm. The capitulation of the town of Ponce took place on
Thursday afternoon.
WASHINGTON, July 29.—The war department has received the fol
lowing dispatch from Gen. Miles:
"Port of Ponce, Porto Rico, via St. Thomas, July 29.—Secretary of
War. Washington: On the 26th Garretson had a spirited engagement on
skirmish duty. Our casualties were four wounded, all doing well. Span
ish loss, three killed and thirteen wounded. Yauco occupied yesterday.
Henry's division there today. Last evening Commander Davis of „the
Dixie moved into this port, followed by Capt. Higginson with his fleet
early this morning. Gen. Wilson, with Ernest's brigade, now rapidly dis
embarking. Spanish troops are retreating from southern part of Porto
Rico. Ponoe and its port, having a population of 50,000, now under the
American flag. The popUace received the troops and saluted the flag
with wild enthusiasm. The navy has several prizes; also seventy light
ers. Railway stock partly destroyed now restored. Telegraph commu
nication also being restored. Cable instruments destroyed. Have sent
to Jamaica for others. This is a prosperous and beautiful country. The
army will soon be in the mountain region. Weather delightful. Troops
in best of health and spirits. Anticipate no insurmountable obstacle in
future. Results thus far have been accomplished without the loss of a
single life. NELSON A. MILES, Major-General."
PORT PONCE, Porto Rico, July 28.—Secretary of War, Washing
ton: In the affair of the 26th Capt. Richard Edward A. Gibson, com
pany A, was wounded in the left hip. Capt. J. H. Prior, company L, was
slightly wounded in the hand. Private James Drummond, company X,
(Continued on Page Four.)
The Reply to Her Peace Proposals Will Be
Forwarded Today
The Question of the Philippines to Be Bedded by
Spain's Reply—Meantime tie War Will
to 01 in All Quarters
First—The absolute cession of the island of Porto Rico. $M|
§ Second—The relinquishment of Spanish sovereignty in Cuba. W
Third—The cession of several small islands adjacent to Cuba
find Porto Rico to the United States. W
Fourth —The disposition of the Philippines and other islands in W.
that quarter to be subject to future negotiations.
# Fifth —Spanish sovereignty in the entire Caribbean and West W
# Indies to be utterly removed. Not only must Porto Rico and Cuba W.
be relinquished, but the Spanish flag must be taken down on every J™
# one of the numerous small islands in the western hemisphere. m
The above demands will be insisted upon before this government will either W
declare an armistice or consider other proposals from the throne of Spain.
WASHINGTON, July 29.—(8y the Associated Press.) Nearly five hours' earnest discussion by the
president and his constitutional advisers on the nature of the response to be made by the government to the
Spanish overture for peace brought no final agreement, and the subject was necessarily postponed for fur
ther consideration at another meeting of the cabinet, to be held at 10 oclock tomorrow morning. Such was
the formal statement of the situation made at the conclusion of the day's work by each member of the cabi
net who was quest'oned upon the subject. A final conclusion, however, is much nearer than this statement
would seem to indicate, and in deed there is little reason to doubt that an agreement has been reached on all
substantial points at issue, and what remains to be done tomorrow is rather to smooth away inequalities and
adjust some very minor points of difference before mak'ng the answer expected by M. Cambon.
The point under discussion during the greater part of the meeting was what disposition should be
made of the Philippines. On the other issues unanimity developed. There was to be independence demanded
for Cuba; Porto Rico was to be ceded to the United States; coaling stations were to be acquired at Guam
in the Ladrone islands, and one in the Caroline islands.
These propositions were disposed of quickly, but when it came to the Philippines some diversity of opin
ion was revealed. As near as can be gathered, this did not relate mainly to the retention of the islands, for
on that proposition a majority of the cabinet was speedily recorded in the negative. But, accepting the
broad proposition that Spain was to be allowed to keep these possessions, other questions of importance
developed, and it was felt that these must be answered definitely before the subject could be disposed of.
There was no question as to the propriety of demanding a coaling station in the Philippines, and while there
might reasonably be a difference of opinion as to the location and extent of this station, little difficulty was
expected to be encountered in solving that problem, because the matter could be referred to the navy board,
which is competent to deal with the subject.
The perplexing problem was what form of government should be instituted in the Philippines, and
what should be the nature of the guarantee required of Spain that the new government should be liberal and
autonomous in character. These questions hinged on the primary decision to interfere at all in prescribing
a change in the conditions in the Philippines. Some members of the cabinet felt that the insurgents under
Aguinaldo, having acted independently of the United States from the very beginning of the- insurrectionary
movement, and having lately shown a disposition to make trouble for us, have no moral claim upon this coun
try in the settlement of terms of peace. On the other hand, it was urged that our government should lose
no opportunity to extend its principles throughout the world, and that this would be best done in the pres
ent case by requiring Spain to extend genuine autonomy to the Philippines. It was upon just such points as
this that the discussion proceeded all day. ,
A point which was quickly established was that there should be no reference of any phase of the ques
tion of the disposition of the islands to any concert or individual action by outside powers. Another point was
settled, though there was no formal action on it, and that was that no protest against the continuance of
military or naval operations pending the peace negotiations would avail in the slightest; that there should
be no armistice, no suspension of operations, nor any modification whatever of plans until the Spanish gov
ernment had agreed to the terms proposed. Incident to the cession of Porto Rico and the recognition of Cu
ban independence by Spain, it was the decision that every vestige of Spanish government and authority in
Caribbean and West Indian waters must be removed, effecting a material acquisition of numerous islands
over which the Spanish flag now flies, one of the most important of which is the Isle of Pines. Furthermore,
the sweeping change of authority from Spain to the United States of near-by waters is to be effective, also,
as a quit claim of all indebtedness assumed by the Spanish government and charged by her to those islands,
(Continued on Page Four.)
The General aid Ms Troops Join
Dewey at Manila
N§ Official News of Surrender —Merchants Urge
McKiiley to Mold tie Philippines.
Spain Waits the Islands
MANILA BAY, July 26, via Hong Kong, July 29.—
General Wesley Merritt and the transports and troops under
his command arrived at Manila on the morning of July 25.
All were well. General Merritt will at once assume com
WASHINGTON, July 29.—There is no official con
firmation of the Madrid dispatch that Manila has fallen.
London reports multiply that Manila has surrendered.
WASHINGTON, July 29.—1t was stated tonight in a high diplomatic
quarter, in such manner as to give semi-official character to the expression,
that if American control or supervision of the Philipines was an indis
pensable condition laid down as the basis for peace negotiations, it was
practically certain that the Spanish government would not accede, but
would determine rather to continue the war. As to the other peace condi
tions undertsood to have been decided upon by the cabinet today, those
who are best able to judge the disposition of the Spanish government feel
that, while these terms are rather hard, they do not present an unsur
mountable barrier to the speedy restoration of peace, and while there
is no authority for saying that Spain would accept these terms and re
tire from Cuba and Porto Rico, there is every indication that she would
yield rather than to continue a disastrous war. But the future of the
Philippines appears to be of as much concern to the Spanish government
as to the American cabinet just now, and there is even greater insist*
ence on the continuation of Spanish sovereignty over this group than
there is over the more valuable islands of Cuba and Porto Rico. It is
said, also, that the failure to demand a money indemnity will be appre
ciated by the Spanish authorities as an act of noble generosity by the
victors, and that this will in part reconcile the government to a compli
ance with the other terms laid down.
SAN FRANCISCO, July 29.—At a special meeting of the chamber
of commerce today, called for the purpose of expressing the opinion of the
business men of this city as to the disposition of the Philippines, and to
present the sentiments of the chamber to the president of the United
States, the following resolution was adopted, after a preamble compli
mentary to McKinley for his conduct of the war with Spain:
"Resolved, That the chamber of commerce of San Francisco, voicing
the commercial views of this city, hereby respectfully and earnestly pe
titions the president to hold and retain under our full control the Philip
pine jslands and all other lands which are now or may hereafter be ao-
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