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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, August 02, 1898, Image 4

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Yean of a Carlist Uprising Steadily
Growing Stronger—Beady for
Peace if They Dare
■pedal to The Herald.
MADRID, Aug. L—l learn that the Span
Ish cabinet found some unexpected de
mands ln President McKlnley's reply li
Spain's peace proposal. Among them ar.
these stipulations:
That Spain assume the municipal dehi
of Cuba and Porto Rico. That Bpaln pa>
an Indemnity to American citizens fo>
damages suffered at the hands of the Span
lsh forces and authorities In Cuba.
To the main Issue no serious or prolonged
objection probably will be made. They an
as follows:
Recognition of the Independence of Cuba
The ceding of Porto Rico to the United
The ceding to the United States of naval
stations ln the Philippines. Caroline ar.d
Ladrone Islands.
The referring of the ultimate disposition
of the Philippine and Ladrone islands to a
mixed commission to sit In London.
Members of the cabinet are not unani
mous on all points, though the majority.
Including Sagasta, Gamazo and Almo
dlvar. Is favorable to peace. The cabinet's
only desire Is to come out tolerably well
In the settlement of the Philippine ques
tion and attempt to do something for the
Cuban debt, with the assistance of French
Most of the newspapers today discuss th.
terms as 1f they regard it as almost cer
tain that they will be agreed to. All the
aspects of the peace conditions have beer.
SO thoroughly discussed ln Madrid and also
ln the provinces that their effects have
been discounted, making the government's
task the easier.
Even the Imperial expresses the belief
that the peace treaty will be signed before
the end of August. The Spaniards are far
more anxious now about the lntemalcon
sequences of peace—the action of the Car
lists and the financial future.
Some perplexity and uneasiness on that
score Is visible tonight ln political and
financial circles.
Some newspapers, echoing the hope
prevalent ln official and financial quarters,
venture the opinion that America may yet
be induced to do something toward pro
viding for the Cuban debt and will not be
too exacting in the Philippines.
Begiment Bevolts
LONDON. Aug. I.—(By the Associated
Press.) A dispatch to the Telegraph from
Madrid, dated Saturday, says:
"Yesterday a regiment stationed here
showed such aggressive signs of disaffec
tion that prompt measures had to betaken.
Three of the ringleaders were arrested.
On the strength of similar suspicions, num
erous changes have been made among the
officers of other regiments. It Is not known
whether Carlism or Republicanism is at
the bottom of the disaffection."
There is some quality in the inhabitants
of the British Isles which not only leads
them to become good soldiers, but makes
It a point of honor for those of them who
are officers to render brave personal ser
vices to the men under their command.
It Is seldom that one hears of any such
incident among European continental
armies as the following, which is related
In connection with a recent fight in Khy
ber pass, ln Afghanistan; the continental
. officer feels himself under no obligation lo
carry wounded soldiers on his back.
Col. Plowden's command formed a par:
of Gen. Hamilton's rear guard, and had to
cross a bit of exposed ground, swept by the
tribesmen's tire.
Here three men were struck by bullets:
two of them could walk, but the third was
disabled. No surgeon was present, and Col.
Plowden himself dressed the men's wounds.
After this the men had to retire across
the exposed ground, and Corp. Bell was
killed. Col. Plowden, Lieut. Owen and
Lieut. Flelden carried the dead man up the
bill, and by and by they had to cross an
other spot. Some one was sure to be hit
now; It happened to be Private Butler, anil
the ball struck him ln the leg, so that he
could not walk. Capt. Parr dressed his
woteTl, and Lieut. Carter took the wound
ad man on his back and carried him.
But, alas! midway of the exposed ground
poor Butler, as he lay on the lieutenant's
back, was struck again, and the force of the
ball knocked the heavily laden young offl
cer down. He got up and once more shoul
dered his burden, when Lieut. Fielden
came to his aid, and together these officers
carried Butler to a place of safety. Then it
■Was found that he was dead, as the result of
, the second shot.
Meantime Col. Plowden and Lieut. Owen
were carrying Corp. Bell's body across the
dangerous ground, and both of them were
wounded in doing so. They struggled on
In spite of their wounds and reached cover
with their sad burden.
Such incidents bring the soldier near to
his officer and make him readier even than
he might otherwise be to lay down his life
' for his country and hi» commanders.—
Youth's Companion.
A Coaling Station for Hawaii
It will soon be necessary for the navy
authorities to give their attention to the
establishment of a coaling station and
dock yard in the Hawaiian islands. Pre
liminary estimates have already been pre
■ pared, but the details of the establish
ment will be left to future Investigation,
which will probably be made by a civil
engineer detailed from the bureau of yards
S and docks. The chietf of that bureau.
* Civil Engineer M. T. Endlcott, believes
that an adequate dock yard and coaling
station should be established, and it Is es
ij> Umated that the cost of such a plant would
be over one and one-half million dollars.
The expense of delivering material en
hances the first cost. It Is proposed to
4 erect coaling sheds and apparatus for
handling fuel and to build a dry dock
capable of accommodating the largest
Sf battleships. The docking facilities ln the
Islands are of the most limited character.
They consist of two marine railways, one
m Ot about 1200 and the other of about 1600
tons capacity.—Washington Letter.
An Awful Possibility
Marie—Don't cry, dear. You must ba
brave while Jack la away with the army.
Remember, the war will soon be over, and
then he will return to you.
Penelope—Yes; but I'm afraid that before
be comes back some other hateful man will
1 starry me.—New York Journal.
His Troops Driven Back—Americans
Come to His Assistance and
Spanish Betreat
LONDON, Aug. 2.—A special to the Dally
Mail from Hong Kong, dated August Ist
News has been received from Manila that
other American; troops went, to the assist
ance of the rebels who had been expelled
from their trenches by the Spaniards. The
latter retired before the American advance.
The rebels have been shelling Manila from
four guns on the south of the city.
Admiral Dewey has received word from
Captain General August! that he is willing
to surrender as soon as he can do so honora
bly. It is believed he will only make a
?how of resistance. Dewey expects to take
tiie city without losing a single man. Should
Dewey and Merrltt begin the attack Au
gust! will propose to capitulate on these
terms: The Spanish troops to march ou'
with the honors ot war; the soldiers and
officials to be permitted to return on parole
to Spain and an assurance to be given that
the. lives and property of Spaniards will be
protected from naval attack.
The Spanish officer who reported ln Mad
rid the destruction of Cervera's fleet was
treated as a traitor and threatened with
death. While riding near Malate the other
day General Anderson narrowly escaped
being shot by the enemy.
The Railroads Win
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. I.—Judge Bahrs
today decided the suit of the Southern Pa
cific company, the Central Pacific Railroad
company and others against the state board
of railroad commissioners. The action re
sulted from the filing of charges agalns;
the railroad companies by John R. Robin
son. The state commission undertook to
Investigate the plant, and, as incidental to
this purpose, C. P. Huntington, president
of the Southern Pacific company, was
cited as a witness. He challenged the juris
diction of the commission In the matter,
and suit followed to restrain further pro
ceedings in the matter. The decision Is
In favor of the corporations.
Held in Quarantine
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 2.—The steam
er Doric arrived late last night from the
Orient, via Honolulu, but, owing to quar
antine regulations, no mall had been landed
from her up to an early hour this morning.
Captain—The Spaniards are clustered on
those hills like peas.
Admiral—Then shell them!— New York
{Spanish r#r«l»n MinUter.J
(Continued from Page One.)
president made the announcement, but did
not indicate whether it would be withheld
until the Spanish reply is In.
Cambon's Credentials
WASHINGTON, Aug. I.—At the French
Embassy the following authorized state
ment was made today:
"When the French Ambassador went on
Saturday to the White House, he went fully
enabled to discuss the Spanish government's
point of view of the propositions of the gov
ernment of the United States. These views
cif the Spanish government were received
by M. Cambon, subject to his first visit
of Tuesday to the President."
The foregoing constitutes all that the
French Embassy would say with authority
on the subject, and it is the only statement
obtainable from an authorized source, other
than those of anonymous character, which
will give an understanding of the measure
of the Ambassador's authority in represent
ing the views of Spain on the settlement ot
Aside from the foregoing authorized state
ment, and without giving them any author
ized form because of their juxtaposition with
the foregoing considerable light can be
thrown upon the ofticial character in which
the French Ambassador had his three
hours' conference with the President on
Saturday. At the first meeting of the Am
bassador and the President. M. Cambon's
authority was strictly limited) to being the
bearer of Spain's communication. He had
no authority whatever to speak in the name
of Spain beyond presenting Spain's com
munication, ln view, however, of the fact
that the United States government would
make speedy reply to the Spanish propo
sition, it was deemed desirable that M.
Cambon should be clothed by the Spanish
government with a larger measure of au
•.hority than that of merely conveying and
receiving communications passing between
ihe two governments. Accordingly, the de
sirability of this course was made known to
the 1 authorities at Madrid. The latter shared
In this view, and as a result, the Spanish
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Duke Alrr.o
dovarde Rio, cabled to the French Embassy
on last Friday entirely changing and en
larging the scope of M. Cambon's authority
from that given when the original Spanish
proposition was presented. The dispatch
from Duke Almodovar de Rio was most
complete ln Its dealings with the subjects
:n controversy between the United States
md Spain, which would be Involved ln the
discussion of terms of peace.
At the Capital
WASHINGTON, Aug. I.—The day open
ed quietly in the State, War and Navy De
partments and there was a visible waning
of Interest in the war, attention being
rather diverted to the peace negotiations
now in progress. Secretary of State Day,
and Assistant Secretary Moore had not
returned to the city, and were scarcely
[French Ambassador.] :
expected before tomorrow. It was still the
understanding that no word was to be ex
pected until tomorow from Spain touching
the acceptability of the United States de
A number of callers awaited Secretary
Alger at the department, prominent among
' hem being Colonel John Jacob Astor. Col.
Astor Is a member of General Shatter's
stuff, and was sent north with dispatches
Including, tt Is understood, the full articles
of capitulation of Santiago. He had been
very much delayed on account of quaran
tine regulations. He was accompanied by
his secretary, who had in charge the re
ports from General Shafter, which, by
that officer's direction, Colonel Astor was
to hand personally to Secretary Alger,
and no one else. Colonel Astor will go to
New York to spend a few days before
returning to the front. It Is rumored that
he is to be attached to General Miles' staff
at Porto Rico, but on this point he had
nothing to say.
General Greely. chief signal officer, was
able to announce with a great deal of grati
fication today that he was now ln direct
cable communication with General Miles'
headquarters at Ponce, Torto Rico. Here
tofore, all messages from the General have
come via a dispatch boat to ISt. Thomas,
and thence by cable, involving a delay of
from 18 to 20 hours. When the Spanish
forceß retreated from Ponce they destroyed
the cable instruments. General Greely
has succeeded in getting the officials at
St. Thomas to send over new Instruments
and thus communication was reopened.
The present cable now runs from Ponce to
St. Thomas, thence to Martinique and to
Kingston, and so by one of the two routes
to New York. The British officials who
control the cable are perfectly willing
tc transmit messages for the United
States government over It, provided that
our forces are in possession of the cable
termination, but they will not allow their
cables to be used If Instruments are cut
ln at any Intermediate point. Thus it
happens that tbe same rule being applied
to the cable from Hong Kong to Manila has
prevented Admiral Dewey from using tho
cable to communicate with Hong Kong,
although he holds one end, which he has
cut. When he possesses Manilla, the com
pany will recognize his right to use the
cable. This rule has been adopted after
very careful consideration as one called for
strict neutrality.
DES MOINES, la., Aug. I.—Today Gov
ernor Shaw received from Secretary Alger
a letter written since Spain sued for peace,
stating that the Fifty-first lowa regiment,
volunteer Infantry, at San Francisco, will
be sent to Manila as soon as the trans
ports can be secured.
YOKOHAMA, Aug. I.—lt Is reported here
that Hawaii has agreed to pay Japan 40,000
pounds sterling ln settlement of the dis
pute which arose out of the exclusion of
Japanese emigrants from the Hawaiian Is!-
I ands.
Will Go to Manila
Hawaii's Books Balanced
(Continued from Page One.)
the fate of the natives under Spanish rule
would be worse than before.
The dispatch boat McCulloch now patrols
between the neutral fleet and Manila, to
prevent communication.
Merritt's Dispatch
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1.-General Mer
rltt has again cabled the War Department
relative to the situation in Manila, which
he finds very unsatisfactory and danger
ous, owing to the attitude of the insur
gents. In the opinion of General Merrltt
the attitude of the insurgents there Is sim
ilar to that assumed by Garcla's Cubans
upon the question of their right to ehter
and possess themselves of the city, al
though ln this case the Insurgents are a
ing not only more numerous, but better
armed and filled with the arrogance follow
ing numerous victories over their Spanish
foes. General Merrltt, however, Indicates
that he will do his utmost to protect the
citizens from the savagery of the insur
gents, though his task is a delicate and
difficult one because of the fact that he
must, while fighting the Spaniards, be
ready at any moment to repel the Insur
The General gave notice that he was
about to combine with Admiral Dewey ln
a joint demand for the surrender of the
city to the United States forces, thus fore
stalling the insurgents, and this move may
cause a rupture. It Is possible, in view of
the fact that General Merritt's cablegram
was sent from Cavite last Thursday, that
this movement has been made already by
the combined American military and naval
forces, although there is some doubt on
this point, on account of a statement from
Merrltt that he may need all of his sol
diers before attacking. Still it is possible
that the demand might be made without
being Immediately followed by an attack,
which might be deferred until all the
troops have reached Cavite. Up to the
date of the report General Merrltt had
with him about 12.000 soldiers. So far
seven expeditions have left San Francisco,
.carrying soldiers to the Philippines, and It
Is the intention to furnish Merrltt at least
6000 men more than his present force. If
he delays his attack until all tj»ese have
reached him Manila will not be taken In
that way before September, for the last of
the troops have not yet started from San
Francisco. It may be, however, that the
arrangement as to the Philippines, which
it is expected will be included in the peace
treaty, will obviate the necessity of further
aotion on the part of the American com
The Zaflro's News
HONG KONG, Aug. I—The United States
transport Zaflro has arrived In these wat
ers and Is anchored outside the Lyeeman
Pass. She reports that no American or
Insurgent advance had been made on Ma
nila up to July 29th. The remainder of the
equalling those offered by the Blanchai piano Company.
be sold at /\tip UL H t their value,
desired. Steinways,
Webers, Wheelocks, Everetts, Emersons and A. B.
Chases. You see all are of sterling value, t\d remember
at one-half their value.
This slaughter of prices is necessary in order « reduce
stock before removal to W% «■,#!_. where
there is bring erected for nrOflflWflV ' us,c
and art solely the largest vwu " TW J Jburf.
ing west of Chicago. Improve this opportunity. Yo*
own terms at this sale. Sale takes place in the wareroonv
of the Blanchard Piano Company, in the rear hall at 113
South Spring street.
third San Francisco expedition was ex
pected to arrive at Cavite during the even
ing of July 29th.
The Sensation Told by a Soldier Shot
Near Santiago
Pittsburg, Pa.—First Lieutenant W. H.
Wassell, Twenty-second United States
infantry, writing to his parents, Mr. and
Mrs. Edwin H. Wassell of this city, says:
"I was shot about 4 oclock on the after
noon of July 1, while storming El Caney,
northeast of Santiago. 1 was looking
through field glasses at the time, and the
ball cut through the out part of the lit
tle finger of the left hand, joint next to
the hand, and then went through the
palm of my hand, out just below the In
dex finger, then in the cheek about half
an inch from the left corner of my mouth,
taking several back teeth, downward
through my neck, still downward and
toward my spine, coming out about half
way down my back and about four
inches from my spine. I haven't a bone
broken. I can swallow, and, thank God,
I am strong, and, aside from a possible
scar, 1 shall be no worse off.
"I will never forget the sensation of
being shot. We had been under Are all
day—the hottest rain of bulletß that men
ever went up against. The Spaniards
were all Intrenched. They shot us from
behind their earthworks, blockhouses,
trees and churchtowers. All at once It
seemed as If I was lifted from the ground
and whirled round and round, oh, so
terribly fast. I never lost consciousness
during the sensation. I felt myself go
ing, but I seemed to realize that if I let
myself go It would be all over, so I took
a brace, and after what seemed an age
of this awful whirling I was dropped to
the ground. Then it seemed as If no one
would notice that I had been hit.
"It seemed an age before I heard a man
swear and say, 'They have hit Lieut.
Wassell.' He picked me up to carry me
down behind the crest of the hill, and
what a storm ot bullets the poor fellow
got as he raised me. I didn't know how
badly I was hurt, but from the blood
gushing from my mouth and the pain
In my back where the bullet had left
me, I Imagined I was in It pretty badly.
Capt. Lochinvar came to me, and I re
member telling him I did not know
whether I was done for or only scared to
death. One of the men dressed me as
well as he could with my first-aid band
ages, and I lay under a tree until about
6 oclock. About that time some of the
Spaniards began a riot on the other side
of me, and for a little while the bullets
from friend and foe whirled over me and
struck near me. About sundown, the
firing having ceased. I was carried about
a mile to the brigade hospital. Here I
was dressed. The doctors were worked
to death, but did their best.
"All night and all the next day our
hospital was tired upon by the Spaniards.
Toward the evening of the second day
I was put ln a wagon and taken about
three miles to the division hospital, which
I left on the morning of the 3d to go to
Siboney. Twelve of us rode in the am
bulance. It was a good ten-mile drive,
over the most abominable road. That
night they put me on board the Chero
kee for Key West hospital."—Providence
Normal School Girls
Of the 000 young girl's admitted to the
normal school the majority are said to be
of foreign parentage. Russian. German and
Polish Jews predominate. There are Scan
dinavians, Spanish, French, Italian, and
but few Anglo-Saxons. Tnere irTn be no
amalgamating process to compare with
this derived from our common school sys
tem, and the heterogeneous quality of our
people, about which we have so often had
reason to speculate with anxiety, is not
likely to be of long duration when sub
jected to the Influence of the newer gener
ation of young mothers, who every year
are trained to one speech and one set of
Ideals.—Harper's Bazar.
Wears No Stockings, Grows Her Bight
Thumb Nail Long and Is Co
quettish in Manner
The native women of the Philippines, aa
a rule, are pretty and engaging creatures,
with supple figures accentuated by tha
thinness of her garments, beautiful, lan
guishing eyes, shaded wit h long lashes, and.
luxuriant blue black hair. This last Is th*
chief glory of the Philippine beauty. It *)
long, rich, thick, made glossy both by tha
care bestowed on it, and Its frequent
anointings with oocoanut oil. Often, too,
it is cleaned and washed, with lemon Juloa
and all and made fragrant by perfume.
Some of the women wear their hair hang
ing down their backs, entirely unadorned 1 ,
while others, especially the matrons, build;
it up In a coil or knot, held by a golden
comb, and ornamented by pins, or vent
frequently adorned by a bright, fragrant
They scorn bonnets or hats, but often
throw a handkerchief over their heads, and
It the heat of the sun Is very intense carry;
a parasol for protection.
Nearly all the native Philippine women
possess liquid and languishing eyes, which
are used with telling effect, while thei*
third vanity 1b very finely shaped fee*, that
never know a stocking, but which ar*
thrust; into slippers, without heels, taste,
fully and elaborately embroidered wltS
gold or silver thread.
The walk of the women/Is graceful, butj
rather coquettish; and when the olog IS
donned on wet days they move with a very;
peculiar swing.
The thumb nail of the right hand Is al*
lowed to grow very long, which assist!
them In playing the guitar, their favorite
The dress of the Tngal -women consists o|
a little shirt made of the famous pina cloth*
having wide, short sleeves. This is worn
quite loose, quite unbound to the figure.
Around it at the waist Is girt a petticoat,
called saya, made of silk, either striped of
checked, but always of gay colors. Somen
times it is also of plna cloth: the quality of
coloring frequently very beautiful and
sometimes cheap and common.
Out of doors another article of dress, a
taplz or shawl, Is wrapped tightly around
the loins and waist above the says, and
generally it Is black or dark blue, with
narrow white stripes. A profusion of
braoelets and chains and earrings, all of
beautifully worked gold or silver, usually
completes the toilet of a Tagal beautyt
The more opulent possess very valuable
jewels, and often are seen with necklaoef
and bracelets of diamonds and pearls.
Over her neatly folded neckerchief theTa*
gal woman wears a crucifix, or a little bag of
relics suspended by a chain. Sometimes she
will have a rosary of coral or pearls, and
medals of copper or gold, bearing the figure
of Our Lady of Mexico or of Guadaloupe.
This is not to be wondered at when It is re*
membered that the Philippine islands, dla*
covered by Magellan ln 1521, were controlled
by the monks and friars, who literally took
possession of the Islands and Islanders, and
have had a wonderful, umuencs for more
than three centuries. They even Imported
the inquisition from Spain, with other deli
cacies of the same attractive nature.
The Philippine women of all ages—ohll«
dren and old women, as well as young glrle,
and matrons—smoke long cigars, chew the
betel nut, which means black teeth, dance,
swim and ride; but the gerat ambition of
every woman Is to possess a dress, a scars,
or at least a handkerchief of the famous)
plna cloth. There is no more beautiful
fabric manufactured than this. It is made
from the fiber of the pineapple leaf and la
quite expensive; a common shirt costs from
$4 to $10; a whole diress costs at least 120,
and no less a sum than $15 has beenlpatd
for a single garment. A good average scarf
or handkerchief brings from (25 to $59,
When embroidered, a scarf of plna some*
times costs as much as $150.
The most important industry that thai
women ot the Philippines are engaged la
is tobacco. In the making of cheroots none
but women are employed, and there are na
less than 4000 busy in the factories of Manila)
alone. Men make the clgarlllos, or small
cigars, which are smoked by the natives!
but women only are allowed to prepare and
roll the cigars. It Is estimated that 2LOO*
women nnd employment in this business and
only 1500 men. Each room in the enormous
factories contains from 800 to 1000) women,
all ot whom are seated, or rather squatted,
on the floor.
At intervals ltitle round tables are placed
and at every one of these an elderly matron
is stationed to keep watch over tho doaea>
or so younger women and girls. The noise
is absolutely maddening, as stones are used
for beating out the leaf. A clgarmakes
earns from $6 to $10 a month, which is quite
sufficient to provide her with necessary
comforts and leaves something for dress.
The married women, whose husbands earn
their living for them ln the field or factory,
keep house In a primitive fashion. The pat
riarchal custom of making the lover serve
ln the house of his Intended bride's father
is universal in the Philippines. When the
marriage takes place there is usually a feast
of several days and the bride of 15 years Is
then taken to the little house which her hus
band has built with his own hands.—Kansas
City Star.

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