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J Double Sheet H
TWENTY-FIFTH YEAR- NO. 318. THE EVACUATION OF THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE WINDING UP THE WAR A Great Calm Succeeds tie Storm at •Washington THE TIDINGS FROM TEE LAST BATTLES Miles Gets the News—lurrying the Terms to the Cubans—Killed and Wounded In the Fights Before Peace BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS SPECIAL WIRE Washington, August The sudden transition from war to peace was reflected today in a complete dullness and'stagnation through official circles. Instead of the bustle and activity which have prevailed for months through the corridors of the war and navy departments, there was a calmness not apparent since the midsummer vacations of last year. Most of the officials went home early in the day, enjoying the first partial holiday since the war began. There will be a large amount of important details to be worked out from this time forward—a gradual reduction of the army and navy to peace footings, the establishment of temporary and permanent admin istration for our new colonial possessions, caring for the prisoners, and the relief of the distress in Cuba. The question of immediate attention is the appointment of the peace commission, which is to meet at Paris, and of the military commission, to meet at Havana and San Juan. The Peace Commission The president conferred with Secretary Day during the day relative to the peace commission, but it was said at the state department late in the day that an announcement of the commissioners might be deferred for some days. It is understood that the president has not fully determined on the personnel of the commission. Several of the public men who saw him today were satisfied that the commission would be made up of Secretary Day, Senators Allison and Gorman, either Joseph K. Choate or Elihu Root of New York, and probably a promi nent army officer. General Corbin is spoken of favorably in connection with the army appointment on the com mission. The military commissions for Cuba and Porto Rico are not receiving any attention from the state depart ment as the military authorities will have entire charge of these branches of the peace settlement. Cambon's Authority to Act During the day the state department received a call from M. Thiebaut, secretary of the French embassy, for the purpose of leaving a letter explaining the authority given by cable to the French ambassador to sign the peace protocol. These assurances already had been given verbally, but the letter gives them in a more definite form, and in the course of a few days the complete written authorization from Madrid will be with the state department. Many congratulations kept coming to the state department and to the White House on the establishment of peace. Occupation of Manila It is expected that the occupation of Manila under the terms of the protocol will occur within the next few days. It was first thought the navy department had a dispatch boat at Hong Kong ready to carry forward the orders to Admiral Dewey and General Mirritt, but the department learned tonight that no dispatch boat was at Hong Kong, although one was likely to reach there today or tomorrow. Meanwhile it is possible that Consul Wildman may charter a steamer and send the orders forward. He his general instructions as dispatch agent and it was said at the state department today that these instructions govern in the present case. General Greely is satisfied no use can be made of the cable connecting Hong Kong with Manila as there are no cable operators at the Manila end. Acting Secretary Allen said today the matter of establishing coaling: stations, the disposition of Admiral (Continued on Page FourJ THE HERALD LOS ANGELES, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 14, 1898 FIRED ON THE FLEET iaraia Batteries lijire the San Fraicisco Hey HM Not Received fie Hews of tie Peace Protocol—Our Slips Went ii Too Close BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS SPECIAL. WIRE Key West, Aug. 13, 9a. m.-—The flagship San Francisco, the monitor Miantonomah and the auxiliary yacht Silvia were fired upon by the Havana batteries shortly before 5 oclock yesterday morning. One 10 or 12-inch shell struck the San Francisco's stern, as she turned to get away out of range, and tore a hole about a foot in diameter, completely wrecking Commodore How ell's quarters and smashing his bookcase into fragments. Nobody was in jured, and, being under orders not to attack the batteries, the ships retreated as fast as their engines would carry them. The flagship and the Silvia lay parallel to each other, not more than a mile from Morro castle and separated from each other by a distance of between three-eights and one-quarter of a mile. The Miantonomah lay about three-quarters of a mile to the rear of the others. All were within range of the Spanish batteries and the temptation was too strong for the Spaniards to resist. Without Warning The first glimmer of dawn was breaking through the eastern skies when, without an instant's warning, the lookout on the flagship saw a jet of smoke puff from one of Morro's big guns. Almost before he could pull himself together sufficiently to make a report of the incident 10 and 12-inch shells were screaming all around. The Spaniards had the range and apparently were grimly in earnest in their last efforts to wreak injury on their mighty enemy. Shells fell be tween the San Francisco and the Silvia, some fell short, a few went over them. The flagship signaled the Silvia to get out of range without delay and both ships swung around and made for the sea. The San Francisco Hit It was then that the shell struck the San Francisco's stern. Commo dore Howell was on deck with Captain Leary when ths shell struck. With the utmost speed the fleet moved out three miles. Here the men on the flagship patched up the ragged hole in the vessel's stern. All the shells fired at the vessel fell around the ships. One of the Silvia's men stood calmly on the deck of the yacht, watch in hand and counted them. Morro Castle fired several of the missiles, but how many is not known. The others came from two sand batteries near Morro. The tiring lasted twenty minutes. .—New York World. Another Surprise The one-sided engagement had scarcely ended when the men of Silvia were treated to another surprise. The little yacht gunboat is manned by the New York naval militia. Her crew had barely recovered from the excitement when the flagship called the vessel over and Captain Bellers was given a packet of private docu ments which he was ordered to take into Havana under a flag of truce. The white flag was hoisted over the Silvia and she steamed toward the guns which had just given her such a noisy greeting. As the Silvia ap proached to within a mile of Morro, the character of the flag floating from her foremast was discerned and tne castle signaled, "What is your purpose ? " Delivered the Protocol To this the Silvia answered: "We have papers to deliver." Morro did not resume the conver sation and for some time the gun boat rocked on the waters almost under the still smoking cannon of the enemy. Presently, however, a Spanish gunboat drew out of the harbor and came close to the Silvia, lt was the Martin y Pinzon and car ried a much stronger battery than the American ship. The customary formal salutations were exchanged and Lieut. Wm. G. Ford, the executive officer of the Silvia, boarded the Pinzon and de livered the documents. The ceremony occupied no more time than the physical act involved. The American officer returned to his ship and the vessels went on their respective ways. TO STAY HOHE Last Chance of the Sev- San Francisco, Aug.l3.— Unwill ing to assume responsibility of sending more men to the Philippines, in view of the signing of the protocol, General Merriam tonight indefinitely suspended his order for the embarka tion of troops on the steamer Ari zona tomorrow. He has notified the war department of the position he has (Continued on Page Four.) enth Gone MARIA CRSTINA, QUEEN REGENT OF SPAIN Who approved Spain's reply assenting to the peace conditions imposed by the United States. Her assent was ln no wax delayed by the warning of Senor Romero Robledo, leader of the Weylerltaa, tbat peace on such teraa would be dangerou* to the mon archy. - THE ENTIRE TEXT Madrid Finishes a Copy of the Protocol A Brief Bit Compreknsivc' Boeimeit —Sprisli Officials Notified—Tie Feeling ii Madrid aid Elsewhere BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS SPECIAL WIRE Madrid, August 13.—The text of the protocol signed between Spate and the United States is as follows: His excellency, M. Cambon, ambassador extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of the French republic at Washington, and Mr. William Day, secretary of state of the United States, having received respectfully to that effect plenary powers from the Spanish government and the govern, ment of the United States, have established and signed the following articles, which define the terms on which the two governments have agreed with regard to the questions enumerated below, and of which the object it the establishment of peace between the two countries, namely: Article I—Spain will renounce all claim to all sovereignty over and all her rights over the island of Cuba. Article ll—Spain will cede to the United States the island of Porto Rico and the other islands which are at present under sovereignty of Spain in tha Antilles, as well as an island in the Ladrone archipelago, to be chosen by tha United States. Article lll—The United States will occupy and retain the city and bay of Manila and the port of Manila pending the conclusion of a treaty of peace, which shall determine the control and form of government of the Philippines. Article IV—Spain wM Immediately evacuate Cuba, Porto Rico and tha other islands now under Spain's sovereignty in the Antilles. To this effect each of the two governments will appoint commissioners within ten days after the signing of the protocol and these commissioners shall meet at Havana within thirty days after the singing ot this protocol with the object of coming to an agreement regarding the carrying out of the details of the aforesaid evacuation of Cuba and two other adjacent Spanish islands, and each of the two governments shall likewise appoint within ten days after the signature of this protocol other commissioners who shall meet at San Juan de Porto Rico within thirty days after the signature of this protocol to agree upon the details of the evacuation of Puerto Pico and other islands under Spanish sovereignty in the Antilles. Article V—Spain and the United States shall appoint to treat for peace five commissioners at the most for either country. The commissioners shall meet in Paris on October 1, at the latest, to proceed to the negotiations and to the conclusion of a treaty of peace. This treaty shall be ratified in conformity with the constitutional laws of each of the two countries. Article Vl—Once this protocol is co ncluded and signed, hostilities shall 1 24 Pages PRICE FIVE CENTS be suspended, and to that effect in the two countries shall be given by either government to the commander of its land and sea forces as speedily as possible. Done in duplicate at Washington, read in French and English by the undersigned, who affix at the foot of the document their signatures and seals, August 12. 1898. The government tonight tele graphed to the governors general of Porto Rico and the Philippines in structions for carrying out the terms of the protocol, signed by the United States and Spain, and to prepare for evacuation. Instructions were also sent covering the policy to be adopted in the event of the insurgents refusing to observe the armistice.