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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, September 23, 1898, Image 6

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The Herald
S HERALD PUBLISHING COMPANY
WILLIAM A, SPALDING
President sad Oeneral Manager.
ISS SOOTH BROADWAY
Telephone Main M 7, Busmen Office and subecrip
tfon Department
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meats.
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arald after delivery to a patron.
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1898.
FOR A FAIR FIGHT
Our evening contemporary, the Ex
press, is quite gracious in referring to
the ticket placed in nomination by the
allied parties at Santa Monica. We
quote briefly from an editorial of yester
day:
It Is only fair, however, to give the
three-ply convention credit for what
good work It has done. Disreputable
characters have been kept off the ticket,
and the purpose which lay back of most
of the nominations was a plainly honest
one, to provide the best available mate
rial for the offices to be tilled. If Mr.
Hanley should by any chance be elected
sheriff, he will give the county a good
administration, having served the peo
ple with credit as a supervisor. Frank
Cooper for clerk, J. C. Newton for treas
urer, and Wm. Mead for the assembly
are good nominations, and it ls almost
a pity that such excellent men must of
necessity be laid away to make room for
better in* the persons of Bell. Jones and
Meredith. There are other good spots
ln the ticket—and some very weak spots.
To secure from the opposition press
such a creditable expression, of regard
ls something r.ew In Los Angeles poli
tics. Never mind about "swapping
compliments." The Herald said as
much, in a good-natured way, of the Re
publican ticket, but it was not angling
for return compliments in so doing.
Any paper that has a good cause can af
ford to be candid and fair in the treat
ment of Its adversary; any paper that
feels impelled to resort to bluster and
wholesale denunciation gives away its
case at the very beginning. The Ameri
can people, we think, are becoming tired
of political braggadocio, and they are
also aweary of personal abuse and vitu
peration as ordinarily Introduced In a
campaigns What they want to decide is
the issue between the two or more parties
that oppose each other. The personality
of the candidates cuts a figure only as
their honesty and capability is consid
ered.
Now let us hope that we can buckle Into
the present fight without an undue
amount of mud-slinging, and consider
that questions of public policy, local,
state and national, are the matters of
chief importance to be decided. On
Such an Issue we are r.ot afraid thnt the
Democratic candidates, either on the
Btate or county ticket, are in any dan
ger of being "laid away." Our only de
elre was to clear the road of "slcp
buckets" and such other Impedimenta.
PARTY REORGANIZATION
Change Is universal in nature, and lt
takes place In the political world as well
as elsewhere. Political parties since the
government was formed have frequently
been disintegrated and reorganized.
Men change their opinions, and conse
quently party affiliations. New issu»s
are constantly arising, and thosa who
have thought alike on past questions
find themselves in disagreement upon
new ones. Hence they separate and
affiliate with different parties. There
are other causes, some being trivial, of
changes ln party organizations,
Protracted success and continuance
in power are apt to produce deteriora
tion of the character of a party. Men
of no decided convictior.3 are prone to
ally themselves with the strong sicle.
Men who are controlled by sinister mo
tives attach themselves to the party
whose prospect of success seems to be
the best, and they exert themselves to
shape its policies to promote their in
terests. Bosses and machines are almost
never found ln weak or unsuccessful
parties, but they Infest a party which is
strong, and whose career has been one
of victory.
The tendency tn absorption of power,
to centralization, te, favor classes and
aristocratic principles, has bee it shown
by every party that has beer dominant
for a long time. Every new party that
has grown strung enough to dominate
the country was organized to promote
reform and broaden popular rule, and all
of them have at some time failed in
fidelity to the principle on which they
were brought into existence. Such fail
ure has been the- precursor of defeat, nnd
In several instances of absolute dissolu
tion and disappearance. Three several
parties, powerful in their day, and which
were able to dominate the country,
passed out of existence ar.d are now
known only in history.
The Republican party, which was or
ganized to combat th" slave power,
after overthrowing it, drifted into the
control of a power more inexorable and
dangerous to the common welfare than
It was possible for slavery to he, be
cause more ramllltd in its influences,
and more Insidious ln Its strategy. The
Republican party of today ls allied to
trusts and monopoly and manipulated
ir? their Interest by bosses-and machines,
whose energies are stimulated by plenti
ful campaign funds*.
Thoughtful and conscientious men are
demanding reform, and it Is a matter of
no consequence to them from what
source it may come. Dissatisfaction
with existing conditions has been grow
ing for a series of years, and it will
become more widespread and Intense as
time proceeds, unless something ls done
to Improve those conditions. Demo
crats and Republicans have broken away
from their respective parties' and have
gone Into new ones. At a day not dis
tant they will unite In-a common party
and upon a common platform of prin
ciples. Unless old parties take ground
favorable to progress and ameliorative
of the conditions l of the masses', defec
tions will continue until one or the other
disappears.
No political party can be successful
and stand still; certainly It cannot be if
it turn Its face to the rear. The success
of every party has been but ephemeral
when tt has failed to discover the trend
of public sentiment, nnd to keep abreast
with the spirit of progress. No party can
long endure which does not deal Intel
ligently and bravely with emergencies
ns they are created by events-.
Reorganisation of parties has already
reached the fusion state in California
and elsewhere. This is a step toward
the consolidation of all the elements
which are In- substantial accord upon the
great Issues of the day. Ultimately, and
not Car In the future, there Will be but
two parties, and the battle over the
question whether class or general inter
ests shall bet regarded Will be fought
by them.
That the Republican party will take
the side of class intere-ts ls beyond per
adventure; it is already in meshes from
which it cannot escape.
What will be the other party to the
contest, the Democratic or a new party?
This question can be settled by the
Democratic party ln Its next national
convention. It holds Its destiny in its
own hands. It took a long step for
ward In- 1596. and if it take no backward
step lt will draw toiit*stancVard 3,11 the
essential elements of reform in the
country, and will be in a position, to
wage a successful contest with its oppo
nent. If the Democratic party in 1900
shows a tendency to weaken on any of
Its Issues already adopted it may call
back some of those who supported the
independent ticket and who voted for
McKinley, but It will drive away ten
fold more than will be gained. A step
backward will not draw recruits from
the Republican party. The monopolistic
and bourbon elements of the Democratic
party will go over to the Republican
party in any event.
We greatly misjudge if th? next na
tional Democratic convention do»s not
Indicate by its action that it compre
hends the mission of true democracy.
PHILIPPINE BUSINESS LOOK
No sentimental consideration enters
into our relation-ship with the Filipinos.
All the sentiment involved in the.
war eemtered in Cuba, where we under
took to free a h-lpless neighboring
people from brutal tyranny. Our posi
tion relative to the Philippine islands Is
a mere incident of the purpose fc-r which
we initiated the war with Spain. A ma
jority of the people of the United States
knew nothing about that archipelago on
the other side of the earth, save In dim
recollection of the sch-ol geography.
They would be no wiser now but for
the chance finding by Commodore
Dewey of the Spanish fleet in the bay
of Manila.
Therefore, ln any consideration of the
proper thing fnr the United States to
do, relative to the Philippines, the busi
ness aspect of the matter must alone be
regarded, We are tinder no more obliga
tion to undertake th° job of civilizing
t°n million Filipinos than we are to
tackle a like task in the heart of Africa.
Our sympathy naturally reached out
to the struggling Cubans, almost within
Fight of our own shores, but it is asking
too much for us to stretch our sympathy
half way around th'r earth for the sake
of embracing a horde of savages.
In looking at the Philippine proposi
tion in a business way we should take
tho same precaution that a prudent in
dividual would take In considering an
investment. What is the property
worth, what income is derivable and
what Is the probable expense account?
Is the prospect so promising that we are
confident the investment would be safe,
or is there sufficient element of doubt
to make us chary about closing the bar
gain?
We know what our business with the
Philippines is worth now. How far it
might be profitably expanded it would
be idle to guess. During the last iiscal
year, ending June 80th, our exports to
the Philippines amounted to 5;i4.f,97 in
value. Our imports for the same- period
reached $4,35:t,740. It will be seen that,
as a press nt market tor American ware s,
the islands cannot be called specially
inviting. Tlx- Filipinos do not need to
buy what they eat, fur nature furnishes
gratuitously pearly everything for
their simple- needs. In the matter of
clothing they art- equally Independent
and happy-
Hut whf n it comes to the cost of hold-
Ir.tr the group as any sort of an append
age to the United States we fortunately
have data approximately reliable. The
w;,r department has lately announced
that tin army of 20,000, minimum, will
be required at Manila. To what extent
lt will be necessary to enlarge this force,
in case nf our permanent occupanoy of
the whole group, can only be con
jectured. According to the Spanish esti
mate nn army of 50,000 would be re
qulred.
The yearly pay of a soldier ls about
$200. A recent statement puts the aver
age cost of his subsistence at $,100. "At
$500 each lt would, therefore, cost $10,
000,000 yearly «■» the pay and subsist
ence of an army of minimum strength,
to say nothing of the other vast expendi
tures incidental to military occupation.
As a business speculation the Philip
pine deal does not look alluring. It
might turn out better than appearances
Indicate, and the reverse ls at least pos
sible. Beyond what we need In the way
of commercial adA antages and naval
privileges in the neighborhood of Manila,
there ls nothlner that would commend
itself to a business man of average pru
dence.
EXPANSION OF SPOILS
The sudden closing of the war was a
terrible shock to the nervous systems of
many Republican patriots. They are of
the class whose business is the con
version of political influence Into coini
or Its equivalent in bank notes.
These politicians, with Influence to
market, are now ln a state of enforced
desuetude. Their appetite for spoils
was whetted to razor sharpness by the
opportunities offered for putting their
Influence where It would do the most
good. The developments that have thus
far leaked out In relation to the purchase
of transports give some Idea of the
rich harvest which they were reaping,
with a steam harvester.
It is not presumable that the Repub
lican patriots, with their Inviting stock
of intluence, will long be embarrassed
by lack of opportunity. Political in
tluence ln the era of an administration
that is confessedly "faithful to its
friends," Is something upon which the
holder can usually realize without muett
effort. The fortunate owner and skill
ful manipulator of such stock In trade,
with the facilities kindly offered at
Washington, has something of value
almost ns readily convertible as gov
ernment bonds.
Just now the effect of this influence is
not apparent. There may be something
doing, ln a business way. growing out
of the sale of the samy transports that
panned out so richly for influential par
ties when they were purchased. The
new colonMeS offer a limited field for the
expansion of the spoils system, however,
and r.,0 doubt it will be worked for all
it is worth. The patriots would have us
keep every one of the one thousand four
hundred Philippine Islands and establish
a complete United States territorial out
fit on each. Also annex Culm ar.d plaster
it from end to end with a system of gov
ernment that would make places for
some thousands of hungry ofiice seek
ers. That is a glimpse at a class of
political leeches that cling to this ad
ministration, whose head is compli
mented by the Republican state plat
form ot California, because "he" has re
membered the claims of his friends."
ON VERMONT'S GRANITE WALLS
Vermont is an Intensely Republican
state. It is usually but an empty pro
cedure for the Democracy to contest an
election in that g. o. p. stronghold
among th' Blue mountains. Some two
weeks ago, however, a significant politi
cal fact was demonstrated in Vermont —
a fact that sends a prophetic shiver
along the whole line of the party In
power. The Republican plurality which,
two years ago, was 35.000, at the election
referred to fell to less than 24.000. A
loss of 14.000 votes In two years, In such
a thick-and-thin Republican state as
Vermont, looks like the premonitory
symptom of a Democratic victory there
in November next. At any rate the re
sult is full erf cheerful augury for the
party of the people In contradistinction
to the party of the trusts and syndi
cates.
"For a quarter of a century," says the
Outlook, "the result of the August elec
tion In Vermont has been followed by
similar results ln the nation at large in
November." This may be considered but
a mere superstition, but it has back of
lt historic data. Ar.d practical politi
cians are taking ne'te of it as one pre-g
--rant negative at least of the oft-boasted
assertion' that "this ls a Republican
year."
Republicans attribute the falling oft
Just mentioned to the stay-at-home
vote. Even if this be- the cause the
question arises, "Why were the voters
of Vermont so apathetic and so Indiffer
ent?" There was the administration on
the anxious sea-t. expecting Its war policy
and Imperialistic vagaries generally to
be endorsed, Indirectly, of course, by a
rousing party vote at the state election
in a traditional Republican state, that
for twenty-five years has set the pace
at elections fur the nation at large.
Why cast gloom Into the White House?
Why give comfort, if not aid, to th-
oppnsing Democracy even ln the gulst
of a resulting superstition, casting the
shadow of coming events at the Novem
ber elections? Surely, when the Ver
mont vote grows cold and Indifferent,
and stays at home when lt ought to
have gone to the polls, the money-lords
and corporate princes of g. o. p. may be
excused for experiencing something
akin to the sensation <-f that famous
prince of the. house of Babylon when the
prophet Daniel expounded to him the
meaning of the- mysterious handwrit
ing upon the wall.
REPUBLICANS SILVERWARD
It Is probably r/ot extravagant for the
Silver Republicans to claim, ad they dq
In their county platform, "the recent ac
cesslon e,f thousands of Republican
voters of California who have been
forcf d out of that party by the bold stand
it has taken' this year in open advocacy
of the gold standard, railroad corpora
tions, trusts und other powerful mon
eyed institutions." There ls reason to
believe that there is a decided tendency
toward silver on the part of regular
Republicans, and this tendency may be
a factor in tihe shrinkage of the Re
publican vote in Vermomt und Maine.
The extent of that shrinkage frdm
whatever cause, is so great that lt has
alarmed the leaders of the party, who
begin to £cc visions of what they call
LOS ANGELES HERALD: FRIDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 23, 1898
a "Bryanlsed house of representatives."
We have had recently presented in. The
Herald tho opinions of two prominent
New York newspapers, pointing out this
alleged danger. That the alarm Is not
confined to New York Is shown by the
following extract from a Philadelphia
Republican n'-wspaper, the Telegraph:
The Republican majority In the pres
ent congress is about fifty, and the loss
of thirty districts throughout the coun
try would completely obliterate, lt.
Pennsylvania's share of tha lossexs nec
essary to bring about this result Is but
four districts, nnd In the Eighth, Sev
enteenth. Twenty-sixth and Twenty
eighth districts the Republican plurali
ties two years ago were less than 1300.
The above estimate ls based on the
Republican loss In the New England
states. A like percentage of loss In
other states, as Indicated by the Tele
graph, would cause that party to lose
the house. Between the recalcitrant
Democrats returning to the old fold, and
the old Republicans going over to the
silver side, there Is good reason for anx
iety among the leaders.
The conductors and brakemen nt Pitts
burg have made* ai demand whloht if
successful, may be widely Imitated.
The work tiny of railways centering In
that city ls twelve hours. The men want
to reduce the time to ten hours without
any diminution of wages. From the
standpoint of the rallroaels this is prac
tically a demand fv>r an advance in
wages. The Pittsburg men claim that
there ls unjust discrimination against
them as compared with railway em
ployes in some other places.
The selection of a California student
for work required by the British Museum
Is both novel and highly complimentary.
A Stanford university man has been
commissioned by the greatest of all in
stitutions of its kind to make a zoologi
cal ce>llecting tour in South America.
California would be pleased to have
Britannia draw on her for further help
when she has need of specially bright
young men.
That was an Interesting call that some
roughriders made on President Mc-
Kinley. The boys said they were ready
to tackle a fight again, but next time
"we want our colonel to raise a brig
ade instead of a regiment." Colonel
Roosevelt Is at present engaged in New-
York raising something too hot for
brigade purposes'.
The Arizona deputy sheriff takes no
unnecessary risk em his valuable life.
From Tucson we learn that one recently
shot a Mexican in an exchange of gun
compliments. The Mexican fell from
his horse dead, but the account says the
sheriff "did root approach him imme
diately for fear that the Mexican was
only shamming."
It i 9 about an even thing between the
two big republics in tbe matter of high
official scandal. The Dreyfus case has
wider ramifications than the Alger case,
as appears Just now; but when the
probe reaches the bottom our scandal
may prove to be quite as disgraceful as
that which is agitating France.
A woman dying for lack of medical
treatment, while fanatics are wrestling
with prayer treatment, is a spectacle
that should not be permitted in Los An
geles. Allow the widest possible lati
tude to religion, but fanatical homicide
should not be tolerated.
The Express says that James G. Ma
guire, as is well known, was a vigorous
opponent of the war with Spain, up to
the time that hostilities were declared,
at least." Another opponent of the war,
up to the latest possible moment, was
President McKinley.
There is usually a vast amount of talk
about the building of a new railroad,
before the graders and track layers ap
pear. As the Salt Lake railway has beet,
talked about to the limit it may be thnt
something more substantial ls approach
ing.
The Southern Pacific has no road to
San Diego; hence the pleasing announce-
ment that all the railroads leading Into
San Diego have arranged reduced rates
for people who wish to listen to the con
vincing arguments of James G. Maguire.
The yellow fever scare In the south has
let] to a quarantine In New Orleans,
which ha 6 tied up the Southern Pacific
and Texas Pacific railways. Serious
spread of the disease, however , Isnot ap
prehended.
A Manila dispatch says "lt seems more
than probable that the rebels under
Aguinaido will soon have seized all the
southern Islands of the group." Well, a
man has a right to seize his own home.
James G. Maguire Is leading the way
throughout .Southern California. Henry
T. Gage is following him. It will be
the same way when the votes are counted
next November.
REPUBLICAN BROTHERHOOD
The brethren of the g. o. p.,
The gallant men and true,
Who fight with the mouth from north to
south
And the ground with language strew,
I slngn little song to them.
The warriors true and tried.
Whose words are hot as a Dewey shot
Antl whose thoughts are stewed or fried.
The brethren of the g. o. p.
Who love each other well.
Though the things they say might breed
dismay
In the denizens of—"Tell
Me ye winged winds that roar"
If somewhere you have found
Love epilte as hot as theirs—flreat Scott!
On the topside of the ground.
The brethren of the g. o. p.,
The Gusty Oral Push,
They tight w§th the mouth from north to
south,
In city, hills.or bush.
Imh Angele-s has hoard their ronr,
And San Francisco, too.
And the names they've hurled might faze
the world—
But let the cauldron stew,
—A. J. Waterhotise In the San Francisco
Examiner.
Speaking Whereof He Knows
John Wanamuker describes the Repub
lican record In the government of Penn
sylvania as something awful.—Blngfiamp
ton, N. V., Leader.
Production and Exchange
A German philosopher, Frederick En
gels, speaking of the present gigantic Im
provements ln machinery used in all lines
to lesson the cost of production, says: "Tire
mode of production rebels against the
mode of exchange." To the most careless
observer It must be apparent that the Im
provements in the method of exchange, If
any, have not kept pace with the Improved
methods of production.
In former times, when most of the work
was done by hand and by a lagre number,
the greatest suffering of the masses oc
curred when there was the gnatest scarcity
of product. Now, however, it seems that
the greatest distress, suffering and pov
erty occurs when we have the greatest
abundance, when commerce Is blocked,
When the markets are most overstocked.and
nothing ls good collateral and cash be
comes scarce or stringent.
To regulate our system of exchange, of
distribution equitably and so as Ho make tt
work In harmony with the Improved sys
tem of production ls the great Industrial,
economic and social problem of the hour.
It Is a problem which demands solution
at an early date; otherwise that distress
and suffering must continue to grow more
acute and' end ln disaster, perhaps revolu
tion.
One of the solutions sugested by those
who handle products snd hy thoso who
have money tn quantity ls to have at S
basts for all circulation, gold, nothing hut
geld. The contention ts by such thinkers
that thus the people would have a sound
money, honest dollars, and so ln exchange
would receive for products, If not so much,
safer equivalents of larger purchasing
power. Tire proposed plan of solution has
bean tried, and yet for the producing class
we find no Improvement.
Prosperity seems only to have visited
those who have much. To those who have
little or nothing lt Is yet a stranger. The
oonKestlon le not relieved permittverotly, in.
deed, not lessened, except from the fail
ure of wheat crops in Kurope and South
America. When again crops abound, W\ for
eign lands and our own harvest Is Abundant
wo may reasonably expect under the gold
standard policy a greater decrlne ln prices
than would occur under bimetallism, for
the reason that gold, having by the in
creased demand upon lt, become compara
tively more valuable, lt would require more
product to get a given number of ounces
of It.
The shortening, contracting the volume
of money by the disuse of on* of the
precious metals—silver—as a money of ul
timate payment, by depriving lt of its debt
paying power, has sharpened the rebellion
of the mode of production against the made
of exchange: has given greater advam'tagcs
In the struggle to those who hold the only
debt-paying commodity — gold — against
those who have only thioir product or mus
cle.
The fact that the purchasing power of
the gold obtained" ln exchange for product
or labor ls greater does not seem to help
the "house of want." The power obtained
by those who have ln hnnd or under con
trol the mwllum of exchange Is exercised
economically by the creation of truets and
syndicates to increase the earning power
of gold Invested, to fix prices, not only for
which men* shall work, but to fix prices
which they shall pay for what by thetrown
labor they produce.
The stringency now so keenly felt by
producers a: 1 ir.d"usrtrials of all kinds has
been tempered somewhat, not only by the
Increased price obtained for products due
to the shortage in Europe, but by the in
creased output of gold and the increased
waste and absorption due to the war with
Spain.
The Increased output of gold', however,
hns not kept and cannot keep pace with the
constantly Increasing demand f - it under
the. gold standard. The war Is tioW ended.
The waste itnist be paid '.or. Th- faot that
nearly all men who think, take comfort
and congratulate themselves upon the in
creasing output of gold, Is significant and
•ends at least to show that It is desirable
•o have made up the deficit In volume of
primary money caused by the disuse of sli
ver.
The hope entertained two years ago that
Mme-talllsro would he secured by Interna
tcc-.al agreement ha* been dispelled. The
pledges made by our Repuhllcnn. friends to
promote bimetallism by International agree
ment, though doubtless honestly made,
have not been and cannot be fulfilled.
The Interests of the great producing ami
laboring masses ln this country demand,
with as much emphasis today as they die",
two years ago that silver be admitted to free
coinage. Thnse Interests demand that the
mode of exchange be made to harmonize
with the mode of production.
W, E. SHEPHERD.
Ventura, Cal., Sept. 20, IS9B.
"Mr. Dooley" and Mr. Dunne
The author of the Intensely funny "Doo
ley" papers that are being copied by the
New York Journal, World and Sun as fast
as they appear In the Chicago Evening
Journal, is one Peter Dunne, a western
Journalist of repute, whose habitual cast
of countenance ls funereal as that of most
humorists. It Is a fact worth knowing that
"Mr. Dooley" has his living counterpart ir.
one James McGarry, a venerable and port
ly Chicago tavern keeper, whose face and
accent are things of exquisite Celtic beauty,
and who. since the immortalizing of his
racial peculiarities by Mr. Dunne, has
vowed that he will drown that writer on
sight with a seltzer siphon. As the young
man does not drink, he ls ln no Immediate
danger.
Mr. Dunne himself tells a story of his
metropolitan experience that ls both amus
ing and Instructive. While in New York
recently on a brief vacation he became
Impressed with the advantages of the city
and was minded to stay thiere. By way of a
porfess'iontal experiment he dashed off a
"Dooley" s.ketch and submitted it to one of
the great dallies. It appeared promptly on
the editorla.l page and the young man from
Chicago began to feel his oats.
A day or two later he met one of the sages
of Park Row. "1.0, Pete!" quoth the sage,
heartily, "glade to see you. Didn't know
you were here. Say, I want to warn you of
something. There's some darned Chief on
•he trying to Imitate your 'Dooley'
sketches. One of 'em was printed day be
fore yesterday."
"Indeed," responded the outraged au
thor of the original "Dooley," "what sort
of an imitation was lt?"
"Rotten," declared the sage promptly,
"simply rotten. Not a bit like you," and
he strolled away blithely.
"So." confessed Dunne afterwards, "I
thought that If I could only imitate my
self—an* poorly at that—ln New York, the
west was the best place for me." And back
to Chicago he went.
The newspapers that regularly copy "Mr.
Dooley" give due credit for the master
pieces to the Chicago Evening Journal, but
never to Peter Dunne. Perffoaps that ls why
he looks so sad.—Criterion.
Good School Suits (
. . At Popular Prices . .
The prices at which we are selling Boys' School |
Suits make it possible for every boy to make a 1
food appearance at school. We have the best §
assortment of the medium-priced goods in town, i
You and the boy are invited to come and exam- 1
me them whether you are ready to buy or not I
$2 50 to $6.00 |
Mullen, Bluett G Co. |
gTEEL BAINGEB
CONSUMPTION CURED 0 » Zi?AlT°"
Frlvsts Sanitarium. Keport of cases Mat fire*. 4Wi Booth Spring it., Lot Aug sit)*, Osi.
Who Commanded at Santiago
The following general order, military
men Ray, settles all controversy as to who
was In command of the army at Santiago.
Gen. Miles arrived at the front on July 12,
and between that day und the 16th the
terms of the surrender of Santiago were
settled. The date, pace und signature of
the order are Important.
HEADQUARTERS OK THE ARMY.
HIBONEY, Cuba, July Hi, 1898.
Oeneral Field Orders, No. 1:
The gratlfymg success of the American
arms at Santiago de Cuba and some fea
tures of a professional chnrßcter, both
important and instructive are hereby an
nounced to the army.
The declaration of war found our coun
try with a small army scattered over a
vast territory. The troops composing this
army w« re speedily mobilised at Tampa.
Fla. Before it wns possible to properly
equip a volunteer force strong appeals for
aid came from the navy, which had in
closed ln the harbor of Santiago de Cuba
un important part of the Spanish Ueet.
At that time the only efficient lighting
force available was the I'nited States
army, and in order to organize a command
of sufficient strength the cavalry had to
tie sent dismounted to Snntiugo de Cuba,
with tho infantry and artillery. The expe
dition thus formed was placed under com
mand of Major General Shafter.
Notwithstanding the limited time to
equip and organize an expedition of this
character there was never displayed a
nobler spirit of patriotism ami fortitude
on the part of officers and men going forth
to maintain the honor of their country.
After encountering the vicissitudes of nn
ocean voyage, they were oblige*! to dis
embark on a foreign shore and' Immedi
ately engage in nn aggressive campaign.
I'nder drenching storms. Intense and pros
tt.Uing heat, within a fever-afflicted dis
trict, with llttlo comfort or rest either hy
day or night, they pursued their purpose of
rirdlng and conquering the enemy.
Even when their own generals In several
were temporarily disabled the troops
fought on with the same heroic spirit until
success was finally achieved. While en
during the hardships and privations of
suon a onmpalgn, the troops generously
shared their scanty food with the 5000 Cu
ban patriots In arms a-nrt the suffering peo
ple who had tied from the besieged city.
With the twenty-four regiments and
four batteries, the flower of tho I'nited
States army, were also three volunteer
regiments. Where all did so well lt ls Im
pesFllile hy special mention to do Justice
to those who bore a conspicuous part. But
nf certain unusual feature-s mention can
not be omitted, namely, the cavalry, dis
mounted, fighting and storming works as
Infantry! a regiment of colored troops
which, having shared equally In the hern
ism as well as tho sacrifices, is now volun
tarily engaged In nursing yellow fever
patients and burying the dead.
By command of Major General Miles.
J. C. GII.MORE,
Brigadier General, U. S. V.
A true copy. J. H. DORST, A. A. G.
SCIP CRAIG AT DENVER
He Tells the Visiting Editors a Cali-
fornia Story
"It must havo boon twenty years ago,
yes, fully twenty, since I had my first ex
perience with a mnn who came lo argue
with the editor," said jolly, red-whiskered
Bclplo Craig of the Redlandl, Cal., Cltro
gra.ph.
"I was running a little paper in the
northern part of California and I was
young and husky anil full of the idea that
I was about as good an all-round scrapper
as anybody as I was likely to meet. In tbe
town In which I labored editorially, lived
a young lawyer, a regular athlete, and lt
always seemed to me that he was Just p*tr-
Ishlng to have a little game of fisticuffs
with me, and while I was In no wise loath
to give him a ehnnce, lt was a long time
before an opportunity came. It did come
at Inst, however, and lt came most unex
f»eotedly to me.
"You st'e, the ladles had got up a city
Improvement society and went about ad
vocating cleanliness and neatness about
everything pertaining to the home. The
society worked much good, but there was
one man who paid no hoed to the requests
made and allowed his dooryard to grow up
with weeds and long, untrimmed grnss.
The ladles remonstrated with him hut lt
did no good. Finally they came to me nnd
told me thnt a citizen had utterly refused
to fall Into line ln the matter and urged
me to touch him up a little. I found that
the elerelict was he whom I had long sus
pected of aching for an encounter with me.
But this did not deter mo nnd I followed
directions nnd touched him up; not by
name; but so pointedly that he could not
mistake my meaning. Next morning he)
was down to see me bright and early.
" 'Did you write that?' he asked, holding
the paper up before me and pointing out
the article.
"I modestly admitted that I was the
aiithotr of the item.
" 'And do you know what you are?'
"I replied that I hoped I was a Christian
gentleman.
" 'Well, my Christian gentleman,' said
he, 'just prepare yourself for further re
i generation,' and with that he made at me."
j Hero Mr. Craig abruptly stopped and com
menced humming a gentle tune.
! "And what did you do?" Inquired a list
ener.
I "I did nothing at all but Just pick up a
I side stick antl wear it out on him."
"And did he strike back?"
"He hasn't done lt yet He was 111 some
but afterwnrd he got all right again,
but I don't think he will ever strike me."
"Why not?"
"Well, you see," said Mr. Craig, in that
dellliernte fashion of his, "he's dead, and
has been so for eleven years, and I think If
he Intended to come at me again he would
have done lt some time ago."—Denver Post
STORIES OF THE DAY
Monsieur Cambon
M. Cambon is new at the American
diplomat business, according to the De
troit Journal. M. I'aternotre mad* the
mistake of marrying a pretty American
girl without asking the permission of his
government. He was promptly called home
and sent to Madrid. M. Cambon came.
He is a poky gentleman of something more
than 50. He goes to the White House
wearing a frock coat and a straw hat, both
having been worn many times before. M.
Cambon. comes along with about the gait
and deliberation of a prosperous farmer
coming out to look to see If the boys are_
tnktng the proper care of the stock. He
does not speak English, and the president
does not speak French. He ls always ac
companied by one of his secretaries, M.
Thlebaut. He is a nice, dapper little fellow
with a dainty smile and the tnannet of
being honored and gratified every time he
possibly can think of mentioning It, and
the air of being charmed because he im
agines that all things are specially done
for him. He would gratefully smile at the
rising sun, acknowledging a personal hon
or. No matter what impossible favor is
asked of M. Thlebaut, he Is Irresistible in
saying that he would be charmed and de
lighted If he could only accommodate you,
hut he never makes the mistake of regret
ting his Inability to do the thing, because
he cannot. M. Thlebaut may not be very'
important in these peace negotiations, but
he certainly ls nice to have.
Lincoln Paid the Note
One afternoon Mr. Lincoln was walklnj
leisurely through Lafayette square, when
he noticed a young man who was uslnsr
sulphurous language in a manner calcu
lated to alarm the natives, says the New
York Sun.
Mr. Lincoln stopped the young man and
asked him what the trouble was. Not
knowing Mr. Lincoln, the young fellow
said that a blankety-blank clerk in the
treasury department had had him trot
ting there for months to collect a small
note and he couldn't get a blankety-blank
cent out of him.
"That Is pretty bad," said Mr. Lincoln,
"but I'll tell you what I will do). If jots
will promise me to give up using profane
words I will guarantee to collect the note
for you."
After a little further talk the proposition
was agreed to. The young man produced
the note and handed It to Mr. Lincoln, who
wrote on the back, "A. Lincoln." When
it was given back to the collector nnd his
eyes fell on the name lne unconsciously
mumbled, "Well, I'll be damned," then
quickly apologized to the president, wfco
shook his hand, cautioned him to remem
ber the compact, and then resumed his
afternoon stroll.
It Is needless to say that the note was
promptly liquidated when neat pre
sented.
He Asked for Bread
The atmosphere of a court was not
agreeable to Mr. Gladstone. Lord Bea
consfield adapted himself to it with the
ease and grace that come of studied care
and natural fitness. In the last year of
his life he said to Mr. Matthew Arnold, ln
a strange burst of confidence which
showed how completely he realized that his
fall from power was final: "You have
heard me accused of being a flatterer. It ls
true. I am a flatterer. I have found Id
useful. Every one likes flattery, and
when you come to royalty, you should lay
it on with a trowel." As a courtier Lord
Ileaconstleld excelled. Once, sitting at a
dinner by the Princess of Wales, he was
trying to cut a hard dinner roll. The knife
slipped and cut his finger, which the prin
cess, with her natural grace, Instantly
wrapped up ln her handkerchief. The old
statesman gave a dramatio groan and ex
claimed: "1 asked for bread and they gave
me a stone; but 1 had a princess to bind my
wound."
IN THE PUBLIC EYE
Somebody ln Texas has suggested thai
the Sunday school children of the state
contribute five cents each to purchase a
sword and a Bible for presentation to Cap
tain John W. Philip of the battleship
Texas.
John Caton, a civil war veteran of Rut
lard, Vt., enlisted under the call for troops
for the Spanish war, and soon after his
pension of J6 a month was stopped. Some
of his friends are now raising a great row
about this.
The descendants of Samuel Packard have
Just celebrated the two hundred and six
tieth anniversary of his Immigration to
this country. He settled in Hlnghamj
Mass., ln M3B, and there are now TOO de
scendants in his family.
Wong Foy, a Chinese merchant In Wel
lington. New Zealund, who recently failed,
made the following statement of his con
dition: "I see my troubles endless to come.
I can't get my money to pay. I am help
less. During last three years over thirty
six creditors support my business. During
last two months not a one let me have a
penny on tick. Fish can never live ln a dry
pond without water. Engine can't move
along well without supply of coal. Boy
can't fly his kite without tail on It. House
keeper pour out all tea to the cup (no re
filled water, how she give you more tea
you require? All empty out Just the way
like my business."

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