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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, October 01, 1898, Image 2

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Careless Methods of Many American
Manufacturers Lead to Loss of
Desirable Business
Associated Press Special Wire.
NEW YORK, Sept. 30.-A special to the
Tribune from Washington says:
According to offlcial Intelligence received
here, Germany's foreign commerce has
been steadily Increasing under difficulties
for four or live years. Consular Agent
Harris, writing from lillenstock on August
ISth, recites some of these drawbacks as
the new tariff kiws of the United States,
the confusion brought about by the war,
the famine in India and the financial crisis
ln Chile and brazil. The falling off In ex
ports to this country has been mere than
made good by the:r Increase to other
lands. Mr. Harris presents a tabic from
which the subjoined particulars are glean
ed: Silk go- ds show gains over 1597, but
slight losses since 1894, while Iron and Iron
manufactures make a considerable advance
since tbe latter period. Leather goods,
drugs and chemicals and Instruments and
machinery are all items that indicate im
provement. Tho lust group of articles
steadily rose every year from (14,613,200 In
1594 to $22,007,0110 In ISS'JS. Drugs and chemi
cals rose from (32,416,600 in 1884 to (35,771,400
in 18(6, $30,053,000 In IS!*, receded slightly to
(X.542.501 In ISH7 and leaped forward to $40,-
CO2,HK> In 1898. Leather goods were expi rt
ed in KM to the value of (14,666,5(10; in 1895,
(1S,20;,000; In ISM. (15.8(6,000! ln 1897, (16.198,
--000; in IS9S, $17,307,400. Iran ar.d iron manu
factures exports were. In 1594. $30,868,600; In
1896, $32,415,600; in 1896. (39,865,000; :n1597.535,
--532,200; In IS9S, $43,482,600.
The silk exports In ISM were (17,685,800; In
1895. (18,685,400; In 1596. (18,159,400; in 1897, $16,
--469.000; In IS9S, (17,186,000.
There has also been an Increase for the
first half of this year over that of 1597 of $2.-
SSO.OOO in the export of coal. The significant
feature f this statement is that the statis
tics of France and England show- a less in
the first half of this year. In tho former cf
J22.514.5f00 and in the latb r of $33,324,000. as
compared with the same period of 1897.
Consul Monaghan at Chemltz. also noting
Germany's increase in export trade, re
marks under date cf August 10th:
Although Germany's geographical Situa
tion Will probably preclude her from occu
pying England's position as a common-is.
State, she Is already the second country In
Europe In International trade. Her larg
est business transactions arc with Eng
land, and they ..re constantly increasing.
Consul Warner of Lelpsio gives three dif
ferent tables under date of August 11th
concerning German experts to tho United
Slates. He shows for the fiscal year end
ing June 30, IS9S, a decrease from the pre
vious year of J37,500,000. He cites the fact
that the exports from Germany were ex
ceptlonally large for the first half of the
calendar year 1597, and. considering that
American w-irehouses were heavily stock
ed at the beginning of the fiscal year 1897
--'9B, holds that it Is hardly fair to draw a
comparison between the years 1890 and 1597,
sr.d 1897-98. Seven articles—artificial (low
ers, toy s.analine oolors.leather gl ves,eh br
ide of potassium, flne leather goods and cot
ton laces—were exported mere largely in
than they were In 1896. Of these arti
cles artificial flowers, anailne colors and
chloride of potassium were' shipped mere
largely this year than they were, in the cor
responding months of 1895. Pictures, books
and oolored paper are gradually falling off,
as shown by the tatde presented.
Mr. Warner presents a list of most Im
portant articles, observing that the decrease
in every article is very large. These arti
cles are raw sugar, half-silk goods, cotton
hosiery, woolen goods, woolen clothing,
woolen hosiery, colored porcelain, Roman
cement, worsted goods ar.d wine In casks.
Take the two items of woolen goods and
raw sugar: Of the former there was ex
ported In 1897 4.910.90 C pounds, whereas in
169S the quantity is only 1,776.281 pounds. Of
raw sugar ln 1897 there was exported 663.2H2.
--133 pounds, but In 1898 the quantity had fal
len to J179.595.502 pounds'.
The Klonlsche Zeitung, ns translated by
Consul Petit at Dusscldorf. explains that
the principal reason for the decline of Ger
man exports to the United States must
be sought ln the r.ew tariff of the I'nlted
States. The general inquiry made by the
Prussian chambers of commerce wns un
favorable to war tariff retaliation. All the
Importers are against a tariff war nnd a
large majority of exporting firms are like
wise averse. That Important paper then
proceeds to say that a further increase Of
American custom rates would cause the
breaking t'ff of all business relations, es
pecially the logs of the greater part of tbe
American markets to German products.
This market would at once be taken by
England and Franco.
Careless Methods
NEW YORK, Sept. 80.—A special to the
Tribune from Washington says:
The consular officers of the I'nlted States
continue to warn manufacturers and ship
pers of the penalties they must pay for the
neglect or refusal to cater to foreign tastes
anel demands. In these disfpatches recently
It was shown that Canadian manufactur
ers of furniture have built Up a paying
trade ln England at the expense of the
manufacturers of the I'nlted States simply
because the lattcrwere not willing to con
Will Go on the Official Ballots as the People's Party
SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 30.—The supreme court this after
noon handed clown a decision reversing the decision of Secretary
of State Brown, rejecting the ticket nominated by the fusion wing
of the Populist party, and giving a place on the official ballot, un
der the party designation of the "People's party," to the ticket
nominated by the middle-of-the-road Populists, who bolted from
the official convention.
The contentions of the two sides of this controversy were
heard when the matter came up the other day on a writ of man
date addressed to the secretary of state, at theimatanceof the man
agers of the Populist (fusion) state organization, who argued that
the middle-of-the-road meat had taken part in the original conven
tion and then gone off and nominated a ticket contrary to law.
They also set forth that the fusion convention was held in compli
ance with the regular call issued by the proper authorities.
Secretary Brown will now have to recognize the fusionists
as the People's party, and the middle-of-the-road men will have to
get on the ticket by petition, if at all.
—San Francisco Examtnfct*.
form to English tastes and prejudices, but
insisted on trying to educate their foreign
customers to prefer the American styles.
Now comes Consul Halstead of Birming
ham with a warning which may or may not
lie heeded. According to his reports the
American shippers are taxing business
methods us well a* being obstinate ln their
determination to cram their own tastes
and notions in the English markets. Among
other things he Euys, under date of August
"The jewelry and fancy goods manufac
turers of Great Britain make articles on n
• forty-nine scale.' In measures for the
common metals and articles, a line is one
twelfth of an inch, but In the fancy trade,
a 'lino' ls one-fortieth of nn inch.
"Today a declaration of 'returned Ameri
can goods' was sworn before me. meaning,
of courso, n big loss to an American manu
facturer, and due to his failure to make
goods ln accordance with the exact specifi
cations in the order. A Birmingham manu
facturer ordered from American manufac
turers a lot of Indestructible pearl, giving
a measurement he required in 'lines.'
"Not knowing what 'lines' meant to the
fancy trade, the American, without malt
ing inquiry, bad recourse to the metric
system and his goods are by this time on
their way to him. Two weeks ago 1200
worth of fountain pens were sent back to
a manufacturer in an American city. The
Birmingham purchaser said: 'They wero
without question better than I ordered,
but they are not like the sample and I am
not ln tho business of educating tbe public
to new things, but sell them what they
want; and these goods go back.'
"A few days ugo I was shown sKteen
letters from sixteen firms, all well known
In their lines in America, On twelve of
these letters there Was Insufficient postage,
most of which had only a two-cent stamp
to carry them. This meant that tho Bir
mingham man, who wanted to buy from
some of these American firms, had to pay
double the deficiency In postage and his
frame of mind and opinion of American
business methods can be Imagined. Steam
er mails from the United States frequently
arrive after business hours on Saturday,
and if there is deficient postage, letters
will not bo delivered at hotels, etc., until
Monday, and the traveling representatives
lose time waiting for home instructions
much oftoner than could be realized by
anyone not aware how general Is the fail
ure of American firms to pay full postage.
Ono American house tells its agent that
a deficiency of postage Is a guarantee that
a letter will be delivered to the right party.
as no one else would pay the postage pen
alty ln order to Ret the letter.
"If an English or a continental house
sends a telegram, a letter always follows,
even to points near by. containing a copy
of the telegram.
"Very few I'nlted States houses do this,
even with cablegrams, and a failure to de
liver means a loss of valuable time. The
letter Is sent to a foreign point, a letter
press copy follows by the next steamer as
certainly as the second exchange follows
the first. With bills of lading, the European
house does not depend on the triplicate
copy forwarded by the shipping agent, but
is sends its duplicate copy to the assignee
retaining the original. American houses
are constantly neglecting this and Ameri
can goods are constantly being held ln for
eign custom houses."
General Wood Is Much. Pleased With
the Law-Abiding Nature of
the People
tnln Brady of the United Sfates signal
corps has been ordered tn begin the con
struction of an overland telegraph line
320 miles ln length from Guantanamo. via
Santiago de Cuba and MansanlllO. The line
Is to be used principally for the transmis
sion of government dispatches, although
commercial messages will be accepted. The
present cost of transmission of messages
by telegraph from Guantanamo to Santiago
Is 2a cents a word up to thirty words and
2 cents for each additional word.
Scho'ls will be opened on Monday. At
tendance will l>e compulsory. English will
be taught. Thirty teachers at a salary of
$00 a month each and a superintendent at
a salary of $12T, a mr nth will be engaged.
General Wood says no more men's cloth
ing Is needed, but that calico amd needles
and thread for the women and supplies of
qutn no, bismuth and iron for the sick are
needed, Ho would like consignments of
seeds suitable for planting in the climate.
Tho miners are returning to work, and
General Wood says there la absolutely no
starvation ln Santiago province.
Much gratification is expressed over the
law-abiding naturo of the people. There
have been no murders since the. occupa
tion hy the Americans and few petty
Free From Fever and Will Rejoin His
WASHINGTON, Sept. 30.—C01. William
J. Bryan was out of doors this afternoon,
for the first time sine- he became 111, The
fever has practically left him. He Intends
to go to Jacksonville to rejoin the camp
early next week, his wife remaining with
him here until his departure.
A floral tribute, in the shape of a huge
basket, five feet tall, bearing American
Reality and Kalscrln Augusta Victoria
roses, fringed with carnations, was sent
! tn him today, accompanied by an elaborate
'message of eulogy from the Maryland
j Democratic association.
Large Assets
MILWAUKEE, AVI*.. Sept. 30.—Charles
FlttolkOW, doing a real estate, loan and
insurance business, today filed a petition
In bankruptcy In the Halted States Court.
The liabilities are placed at $138,000 and as
sets at $150,000.
Stops the Progress ot the Flames and
Saves a City From Utter
Associated Press Special Wire.
DENVER, Colo., Sept. 30.—Reports from '
the western portion of the state continue
to tell of the ravage* of the forest tires,
which bid! fair to devastate the greater part
o< tho forests of he stae. A special from
Olenwood Springs, the center of the burn
ing district, says:
The Area in the mountains herei have
taken life today, owing to high wlndis. The
cm has been nearly obscuretl all day and
the atmosphere la heavy with smoke.
The lire east of Olenwood ls fortunately
In an unsettled portion of the county, and
aside from the immense loss by the burn
ing of timber, no loss has oceurrred up to
the present time. The stock on the range
as far as heard from has escaped the fire.
Battlement government reserve, bound
ed by the Grand river on the north, the
Roaring Pork on the east and Gunnison on
the west, is a mass of flames.
This reserve runs through the counties
Of (lartield, Delta and Mesa.
The Wg White River Government Re
serve, start'ng In Garfield county* nnd ex
tending through Routt and Rio Rlanco, ls
also on llre.
Rellable reports show that the fires are
new nearly 800 miles In circumference, with
Olenwood for a center, and practically
every mountain range with timber is ablaze.
The only cessation cf the lire that Is re
ported comes from Cottonwood and Four
Mile Creeks, where the flames have con
sumed everything that will burn on the
On the south side of the Rio Grande, from
Mintburr. to Gratford, the railroad men re
port a steady blaze of fire plainly visible
from the smaller valleys. Many ranches
have been abandoned.
There appears to be no hope of a cessa
tion of the conflagration except by a heavy
rain or the demolition of the timber by the
destroying element.
J. S. Swan, Game Commissioner, states
there :s no doubt but that tho fires are
caused by carelessness of campers and peo
ple generally during a season of excep
tional dryness.
Col. W. T. D. May, Chief United States
E'orester, has gone to the west slope to In
spect the country under government con
trol, where tires are burning.
Throughout Eagle county high winds
have prevailed, giving fresh impetus to the
forest fires that are devastating the tim
ber domain. In consequence new territory
Is belr.g devoured. The blaze Is rapidly ex
tending along the grand reserves of Glr
ard Mountain west cf Homestoke Creek,
ar.d from present appearances win sweep
■ tbe country to Bear Mountain at Mlnturn.
Back of Mlnturn to the heads of Willow
I and Two Elk the country is devastated, Ht
. tie remaining to feed the flames. From
' Hoosler Mountain the wind has driven the
fire to the edge of Gypsum Creek. The
settlers of Upper Gypsum, Gannon, Col
• lins and others are fighting hard to save
• their homes and stop its passage across ln
" to the magnificent forests of West Brush.
' If It goes into Brush the finest body of
i Umber In the State is gone. No loss of life
1 has been reported, but several people have
> lost their homes and their crops.
• WASHINGTON, Sept. 30.—Rear Admiral Montgomery Slcard, president of |l
• the board charged with the promotion of officers distinguished for gallantry h
a during the late, war, was retired yesterday, having reached the ago of 62 I?
• years. Secretary Ixmg hns. however, by special order, directed that tho officer te
• retain his place at the hend of the promotion board. •
All the game is leaving the country, es
caping the smoke and heat of the blazing
Dispatches received here say that Why
lie's Peak, between North and Middle
Teak, Is now a mass of great flames and it
Is feared they will extend to both those
beautiful camping grounds.
The tire has already cut a swath thirty
live miles long from the Grand R.ver almost
to Dillon, In Summit county. The width is
as vet unknown.
The fires In the vicinity of Ouray are
not so bad as for several days previous, but
the smoldering embers may be fannad Into
an awful conflagration by the slightest
At Gunnison, Crested Butte, Woloott and
Glenwood Springs the fires arc still rag
No estimate of tha damage to timber nnd
ranches can 1» given, but It will unques
tionably run far into the thousands of dol
Stopped by Rain
MILWAUKEE, Sept. 30.—Reports re
ceived at fnc railroad entices ln
this city arc to the effect that
the forest fires In the northern
part of the state were quenched by a
heavy fall of rain late last night. The
heaviest loss was suffered at Cumberland,
where twenty-five families were rendered
homeless by the flames and a large saw
mill plant valued at $225,000 was wiped out.
Wires are down In all directions and par
tlculars ot tbe ruin wrought
been received. I \
Only one death ac far as kAo»\
■ulted, that of Mrs. Jacob OorretSM
Drywood. Two children ot Mrs. c'«»■
were seriously burned while 1 atterßJ
to rescue their mother. "1
The pecuniary loss ls not expecßl
reach over 11,000,000. I
A dispatch from Rice lake says trH
est flres ln that vicinity were checlßJ
light rains last night. Fifty formerßj
Rico lake lost all their possessions. B
con Bros.' Lumber company, six I
west, lost its mill and stock of hardß
lumber, with no Insurance.
Tho town of Alemena near Rice lam
reported destroyed. Tho 800 r»l
bridge near Alemena was burned, stoß
ill trains on that line. No loss of H'M
been reported. The greatest diunitgß)
been done ln the townships of CumbeßJ
Turtle Lake, Cllnlon, Stanford, K'fl
Link Grove and Cedar.
A special from Kau Claire says the N"B
western Lumber company lost 2,000.* 1 B
Df saw logs above Stanley.
Flfleld, Wis., reports much ilaniail
that region. The road from the rikt'jH
summer resort to Fltlcld Is impassnlß
account of fallen timber, nnd a nnmlßj
guests will be obliged to remain ihet ■■
111 the road is cleared. Rain last nlt-'h ■
=heieked the fires.
Mills All Burned
ST. PAUL, Mann., Sept. 30.—A Cunß
land. Wis., special to the Dispatch saß
"Cumberland presents a sad sight bfl
The mill portion of tha country 1
smouldering heap of ruins. The loiß
tbOUt $185,000. Forest tires were swept I
the city from the southwest at aim*
>'clock last night by a tornado. Th<l
was filled with smoke and burningcdnß
jnd the lire started on the east and \|
ildes of town about the some time I
lames spread with a rapidity that tht I
ined not only the entire city, but the ll
if the inhabitants as well. Kvery pari
Ihe town was filled with smoke and fljfl
llrebrands and the people were runnlnß
jvery direction, pnnlc-strlckcn with IB
•or. Two freight trains took about ahi
Ired people to Shell Lake and hundrfl
■nore sought the Western Lake shot. 1
Meanwhile the volunteer fire deparimj
lid heroic work ln trying to save the l»l
less portion of the city. The wind bed nl
issumed the velocity of a tornado and 1
itmosphere was lurid wdth flames and 2
ilr filled with flying firebrands.
A timely downpour of rain, lasting nh.H
wenty minutes, enabled the firemen 1
■heck the progress of the flames on tl
vest side of the city, but no human powi
ould save the city east of the Omnß
Railroad, Including the lumber yard al
■nllls of the Beaver Dam Lumber Col
in.ny and the residences. Including the til
louse of Mayor Waterman. Thebulldirl
aurned were the Combined Saw and Sh'l
;le Mill, planing mill, many sheds n I
mrns of the Beaver Dam Lumber r ll
>any nnd twenty-two residences. Tl
oss ls roughly estimated ns follows-
Reaver Dam Lumber Company, Jl'i 11 '"-!
•esldences. $25,000: livery barn, saloon nil
jther buildings. $10,000.
All the property was Insured except tfl
•esldences. About forty farmers sonthciß
if the city lost their homes and crops
Still Raging
CHIPPKWA FALLS, Wis., Sept. *>■
Forest lirrs, which have been Spreading ffl
lays, show no signs)of abating In Chippß
wa and Clark counties. Outside tließ
•ountles the fires have generally I*B
shacked by rain or have burned cvexythiß
in sight.
The devastated district extends throin
the counties running from AbbOitafW
ilong the Wisconsin Central for La" ri
md north for seventy-five or a hur.B_
miles, -tl ls estimated that 200 million few
if pine have been destroyed. Many far!
aouses have been destroyed. Many hnij
lreds of farmers ln this county alone hal
lost all their bull.lings nnd grain. Organ
lzed bands of farmers have been trying te
stop the flames, but with little success
No estimate can be placed upon the dam
age done. The fires are thoughtlto have
been started by farmers ln clearing their
Counting the Lojjees
RICE LAKR. Wis.. Sept. lo.—The forest
fires in this vicinity arc nearly abated, but
great damage has been wrought for miles
west of thf city. Nels Lanson, a farmer,
attempted to save himself by going into
his well. The. well house cnught fire and
Lanson perished. It ls estimated that the
loss In Barron, Washburne and Sawyer
counties has been at b ast a million and a
half dollars, principally to lumbermen.
People were driven from their homes
without saving any of their household oV
fects and with nothing but the clothinM
they wore. Probably fifty families al]
left homeless.
Shown ln the Constitution He Ha
NEW YORK. Sept. 30.1-A dispatch to tfl
Herald from Washington says; GenerJ
Agonelllo, the Philippine representatlv
who has como to Washington to ask thf
the Insurgents be heard) by the Peace Cotj
mlssloners at Paris. jias made public/
translation of the Philippine constltutl
which Agulnaldo have proclalnrj

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