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PLOT THICKENING CIRCUMSTANNCES TENDING TO IMPLICATE CLARK BLOOD STAINS TRACED FLIMSY EXPLANATION OF THEIB ORIGIN ATTEMPTED CUTS IN MATTING NOTICED Conversation of Martin Aguirre With the Defendant Formed Basis of Suspicion Interest in the trial of Harry Clark for the murder of Wong Sing Hay, the Chinese laundrymun seemed to be even more intense yesterday, the courtroom being crowded un comfortably all day. Mrs. Mary A. Gregg, the housekeeper ol George Hunter, was on the stand from 10 oclock till noon and even then the cross examination on behalf of the defendant had not been completed. She told oi seeing the Chinaman's wagon at Joe Hunters house, just across the gulch, a half hour or an hour on the evening of the day the Chinaman is supposed to have been murdered, and oi various suspicious acts of young Clark next morning. Heputv Sheriff Aguirre also cast much light upon the case. He was one of the first officers detailed to trace the movements ol the missing Chinaman, and his sleuth-like experience of years stood him well in hand, for he was the one to direct the attention of his brother officers to the spots of blood in the kitchen and young Clark's bedroom and to detect the presence of the clotted gore un der the floor on his side within a yard or two of the spot where later was found the body of the dead Chinaman. Renewed indications of the theory to he advanced by the attorneys for the defense were afforded by the close cross-examina tion of all witnesses for the prosecution in matters relating to Joe Hunter. The incriminating circumstances are, how ever, too numerous to overcome by anything short of positive evidence. Young Clark is standing on tho brink. Will he fall or will he be saved by a miracle when his turn comes to show the proof of innocence? HUNTER'S HOUSEKEEPER Mrs. Nancy A. Gregg testified that she had been living with George Hunter for two years or more, her husband having left her some time ago. She knew the arrange ment of Joe Hunter's house and indicated on the map the point- of her testimony. Shorn of the repetitions and numberless twists and turns to which she was compelled by the questions of opposing counsel, she testified as follows: "I was at Joe Hunter's house between 8 and 0 oclock Wednesday morning, after the disappearance of the Chinaman, i went over to get some crackers and Hour for breakfast, the bread 1 had ordered having failed to ar rive. As I went down the hill from George Hunter's house, across the gulch and up the rise to Joe Hunter's place, 1 saw Harry ( lark in his bedroom walking around as though he was doing something, As [ ap proached the house, all at once some one pulled down the green curtain over the win dow in his room. I supposed that it wns Harry. "Going on to the kitchen door I knocked three times and halloed before I could raise anyone. Both doors were fastened, the screen door 'being hooked and the inside door locked. Finally Harry came to the door. He had on dark pant-, a black sweater and yellow shoes. I told Harry I wanted some crackers nnd flour, as we were short of bread, lie said that was all right, 1 could have some, and lie pointed out the places in the pantry white they were kept. 1 asked him where Joe was, and he said, 'For Christ's snkc. don't wake him.' "Hurry's door was closod, and si| I took my flour and crackers and started away. As I was going out Hurry followed me to the door and told me his girl had been there the night before. "On the day before I was at George Hunt er's house, in plain view of Joe Hunter's place, 1 had seen Wong Sing Hay every week when ho came up alter tho laundry and knew his wagon. On that Tuesday, about 0 or (i oclock, 1 happened to see his wagon in front of Joe Hunter's house when I was in the yard. Afterwards, a half hour or an hour later, 1 glanced out of the pantry win dow and saw the wagon still standing there. 1 did not see the Chinaman. **1 had seen the defendant about 3 oclock that afternoon. There was no one else there during that day. That, evening about S oclock I saw Clark at George Hunter's place. He came over in the evening and Joe Hunt er followed him along, ( lark hud a bottle of whisky. George asked him,' What's the matter with you, Harry? What makes you sweat so?' Harry said he didn't know. He guessed his sweater was too hot. He sat down on the bedside of George and they both had a drink out of Harry's bottle. .Toe wont out and Harry followed him. saying he must go home or Joe might look him out, George did not go homo with them. BLOOD M'< n s AND COAL OIL "At that time I did not know the China man was killed. On Wednesday I heard that the Chinaman was lost. About in a.m. that day the officers came out there. After they left I wont .net to dm. Hunter's and found tho door ajar. 1 went in and saw a spot of coal oil on l ho kitchen floor and some other spots. I had not seen the coal oil whim 1 was in an hour or two before after tho crackers. "Harry's bed was all upside down. I did not see then whether there were any sheets on the bed or not. but on Thursdaj I saw tho sheets wore missing. "1 saw Harry there with the officer and paw him ride away with them. After they left, when I was up there, I saw the blood on the boards at the little door leading un der the house. CROSS-EXAMINATION "I am a married woman, but have been 1 living with George Hunter, He i- not mar ried. I kept house for George. It i- 208 paces from George's house to due Hunter's place. Mr. C'olegrove paced it. I don't know who drove the wagon in. but 1 saw it there. "Joe Hunter did not tell me the Chinaman bad boon killed. When 1 went after the crackers it must have boon nearer I) oclock tliim 8." An effort was made to gel the witness to say she had knocked only once or twice, but she persisted In her statement thai there was a considerable delay after she got to the house before (lark came to the door nnd thai he came only when she had knocked three different times and shouted to him to let her in. '1 lie s| ol oi coal oil in the kitchen, she said, was a little 1 irgi r than the bottom of n chnir and the other spots she described as being 01 varying hues. Rome darker tiinn other-, but the place washed with coal oil had attracted her special attention SHOT ADMITTED AS EVIDENCE Mr. McPhcrron. deputy county clerk, identified the packages ? f shot as received by liitn from Deputy Young of Justine Youngscoiirt on .1n,,,, in, at the close of the preliminary examination, and said they had been 111 his charge until delivered by him ENGINEER DAVIS Who Lost His Life in the Southern Pacific Wreck Last Sunday ♦ Tlip inquest on the remains of Barry Davis, tlie engineer who was killed in ♦ ♦ the wreck of a Southern Pacific freight train on the Santa Barbara division ♦ ♦ last Sunday. wa*s not held yesterday owing to the inability of the train crew ♦ ♦ to be present. The inquest will be held this morning at 1(1 oolook at the rooms ♦ ♦ of Bresee Bros. The funeral will take place Wednesday afternoon at 2 oclock ♦ ♦ from the undertaking parlors. ♦ to C. L. Logan, the clerk of Department one, on the commencement of the present trial. Mr. Logan Identified the packages so received by him and they were admitted in evidence. John Nenlis testified that he lived in this city and knew Joe Hunter; that Joe had been in this city on that eventful day in May when the Chinaman disappeared, and that he had met and recognized Joe on Spring street. His testimony appeared to establish a perfect alibi for Joe Hunter. Ali this time Joe. it appears, was away, getting 'nick, presumably, in time to got an hour's sleep or more. John Hunter testified to finding the dead Chinaman's wagon in his fathers barn on Wednesday morning, wdiere his brother had left it. MARTIN AGUIRRE CALLED Martin J. Aguirre was the next witness. He said, in response to questions: "1 am a deputy sheriff, and accompanied I'mler Sheriff Clement to Tronico on Wednesday, June Ist. We stopped first at Al Barrel's saloon. There we met Joe Hun ter and Clark, who went with us on to Joe Hunter's house. I asked Clark if there hod been any one else at the house beside him self the'day before and he said there had not. 'At the house we all got out and hitched the horses. 1 crawled under the house. About six or eight feet from the opening I found what appeared to lie a spot of hlood. 1 picked up the clot with the earth adhering to it and passed it back to Clement, telling him I thought it was blood. A little further on I put my hand right into another Int. i It was three or four inches in diameter nnd nearly dry. being harder than the rest of the ground under the house. I passed this.] too. back to Clement. I came out then! from under the house and talked with tho defendant. "He said he had killed a chicken and that was why the blood came to he under thai house. I said. 'It is funny that you should kill a chicken and throw it under tho house. There are dog tracks under there.' He said the dogs got in only once and awhile. "I then wont into the house. On the left hand side was a little bench. I noticed a spot on the tioor at the end of the bench by the bedroom door. I got down on the floor, took my knife nnd out of. a silver, passing it to Clement nnd telling him 1 thought it was blood. I wont next into the bedroom and pulled the cover off the bed. There were two quilt . but no sheets. 1 asked Clark where the sheets were and he i said they had been sent to the wash house. BLOOD (IN CLARK'S SHIRT "Hanging in the bedroom was a shirt. 1 asked whose it was and he said it was his. I saw what looked like a little spot of blood on the shirt and 1 gave that to Clement, telling him to keep it. Clark's explanation of the blood was that he had hail tht nose bleed. "1 asked Clark how the oil spot came there and he said he had been tilling the Iwo lamps. I asked him why he did not set the lamps on the bench and lie replied that he just happened to li'l them on the Moor.. I looked over the house and found they had only two lamps. There was very lit tie oil in them. They could not have been recently tilled. "We went next to Garvanza, ( lark, (.le nient and myself. Joe Hunter remained at Al Barrel's. On the way over ( lark uskp.l me, 'How long do they hold a man on sus picion?' 1 told him it depended on circum stances. "When we arrived nt the Chinese wash house ( lurk andd- were on the back seat. Clement wont in and ga\"3 me Ihe lines. Ho wanted to get a photograph of the China man. They had one in a trunk but could not unlock it. 1 got out to help and got on top of the trunk. Just then I heard the wheels -md told ('lenient to look out for the horses. He went out and I heard a shot. I ran out and saw the horses just running away. 1 did not, get a look at Clark, however, until liter he was arrested and brought to the On cross-examination Mr. Aguirre said re garding the coal oil spot in the Hunter house, he had got down on the floor and studied it and he had been convinced that the spots were blood stains. The principal point gained by the defense was that at the time Aguirre was under the house he saw no trail such as would be made by the dragging of a body along tho ground, oi- knee impressions. This partial success was offset, however, in a groat measure by the testimony of the witness that he had ob -orved men's tracks ill the soft earth under the house. Guy Woodward, a deputy sheriff, testi fied to participating in toe search for ihe nissing Chinaman and to having cut out 'ho section of straw matting which came under the bod. This was identified by hi-n md exhibited ' • 'be jut:,'. In the pari which came under the bed a wai miss iiiu', eighteen inchoi by two or three foot in size and a small piece, some six inches square cut from another piece had been titled back in the carpet. The center of this was w hat appeared lo bo a blood stain, nffordinp circumstantial evidence of what the missing sp,-i,,., t,s,t nntained and. in cidentnllv. ,i reison why it hnd been out out. Tho trial ,\ it' b 're ..i'led ibis morning. UNION MEETINGS TONIGHT • I 4- Clearwater— 4, i C. A. Miller, 4 4. s. E. Pulton, .j. 4. Glendale— 4. 4. Jud Hush. .J. 4. J, L. Murphey, 4 4- Whittlcr— 4. 4 Hon. J. Noon an Phillips, 4. 4 A. H. Sprague. 4. 4- Long Heath - 4. 4. Hon. ('. A. Harlow, 4> 4- W, D. Qould, 4. LOS ANGELES HERALD: TUESDAY MORNING. OCTOBER 25. JB9B THE CRISP GIRLS' WOES PRETTY PASADENA MAIDS IN TROUBLE IN NEW YORK STERN PARENTS' ORDERS Who Says They Are Wayward nnd Incorrigible—Still Detained at the Barge Office NEW YORK, Oct. 21.—Ella M. Crisp. 10 Years Of age, ana her sister, Jessie 11. Crisp. 17, two pretty Scottish girls, formerly ot Pasadena, Cal., who arrived as second cabin passengers on the steamship Anchoritt from Scotland, ate detained at the barge office. 'I hey are close prisoners, and special in structions have boon given the immigration officials that tiie be prevented from communicating with persons on the out side. Their detrition is the result of a complaint recently made to Commissioner Fitchie by John Crisp, formerly of Pasadena, Cal.. who alleges that his daughters are wayward and incorrigible. According to the story that I risp told the commissioner, without any cause whatever, the girls left bim, and the next he heard of them they were living with an uncle in Edinburgh, Scotland, tin ac count of his daughters' misbehavior, Crisp said he gave up his business and decided to return to Scotland, which is his native place. Finding that on his return there the girls would return to the I'nited States to escape from him, Crisp asked that a close watch of incoming vessels be kept for them. This was the cause of the detention. The girls are refined and well dressed. Ella, who has rather a sweet face, is said to have influence over her younger sister. They admitted that their California home was broken up, but, when asked what they would do in the west, replied that they could get positions in some dry goods house. Their uncle had provided them with mon >y and a letter ot introduction to Bishop Henry C. l'otter. The uncle wrote to the bishop and other about the girls' coming, tnd asked that they be protected during '.heir slay in the city. The girls told the commissioners that hey had relatives in San Diego, where they vished to go, and that there was no fear of their becoming public charges if they tvere allowed to land. Today the girls were taken under tho earc of Rev. Dr. Daiton md Miss Ivy. Bishop Potter's personal rep resentatives at the barge oiTiee. Crisp is now on his way to England, hav ing sailed two days before the arrival of his laughters. The girls' story was learned today. They paid: "father dislikes us because we remon strated with him for spending so much of mamma's money. He told us if we did not like it we could get out. This we did. We ivcnt to live with friends, and father at •nee notified President Hallock of the Pas uloiia Society for Suppression of Crime that He were bad girls and needed looking ufter. Mr. Hallock investigated, found we had been slandered, and so reported to our father. Then we wont to San Francisco, where a friend nnmod Merrick took care of us and wrote to our uncle in Scotland, the Rev. Dr. Ilannon. He sent us money, and weal once went to Scotland. We stayed there until we heard that our father was coming after us, when we started for this country with mori ay furnished us by our uncle. Father knew we would do anything to keep away from him, and that is why he has had'us ar rested." PRESIDIO NEWS Many Tennesseeans Found Not Suita ble for Service SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 24.—Orders were issued this afternoon for the discharge of Kill men of the Tennessee regiment who were found not suitable for the service by Major Field, who inspected them. Anotherorder was also issued for the discharge of a number of men from Washington, Kansas and lowa regiments, whose app|cations for discharge have already been approved by the secretary of war. There are 41 pf these men from the three regiments and 104 from the Tennessee regiment. Private Fred Carver, Company <i. Fifty first lowa regiment, died at the division hos pital today of typhoid fever. Colonel Loper says that no shortage ba boon found in the book- of First Lieutenant duly, the regimental quartermaster of the lowa regiment. A Good Precedent SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 24,—Police Judge Conlan today refused to surrender to tlv military authorities Private John Whitsori of the Tennessee volunteers, who is oharge I wdth assaulting a woman in her own home. The judge said tho guard house had no terrors for snob men, and he proposed to make an example of him. Whitson was convicted and will be sentenced t< morrow. There are undelivered telegrams at the Western I'nton telegraph office for W. J, Barrett, Prof. w. J, MoGee, Chas. Wald- Bteln, A. H. Butler, C. O. Depuy, Mrs. Au gusta Windham, 13. P. Lockhart. WHISKY AND GAS DESPONDENT JANITOR DETER MINED TO DIE DRUNK AND DESPERATE First Failure by tbe Gas Route, Then Two Efforts at Strangulation. Still He Is Not Happy Made desperate by drink, and despondent over his discharge from employment, Daniel Hicks, a janitor of the B'nai B'rith taber nacle, comer of Hope and Ninth streets, made an unsuccessful attempt yesterday afternoon to take his life. He endeavored to asphyxiate himself in the temple, but was discovered in time and his life saved. Hick was, however, desperate, and intent upon shuffling off this mortal coil, for when he re gained consciousness ill the receiving hos pital live hours after he was found in the tabernacle, he tried to hang himself with the bedclothes, but was prevented by the attendants. I licks has been employed by H. Mai mow. the sexton of the tabernacle, as assistant, his duties being to clean the church and core for the law n. Hicks has been employed tor two years and had proved a faithful man. though it was known he hud a tendency to drink. On account of this weakness he was given no money lor his labor, but was pro vided with a room inside the church build ing, clothes, tobacco and whatever articles ho desired, by MalinoW. For some weeks, however, llieks has had tho political bee buzzing around his bonnet, and has devoted much ot his spare time to laboring in the good of one of the parties. Hie political friends had represented that he would be given employment at Westlake park or some other public institution, as gardener. llieks fell into tho habit of drinking while he was "doing politics," like many another. He was enabled to gratify his appetite, for in addition to the regular church work ho had received employment from a private family to water the lawn and take care ol ihe flowers, being given t3 a month for this. He had been warned by his employer against spreeing, and for a time braced up. but last Monday, when he received his pay. Hicks could not restrain his appetite any longer and began to drink heavily. He was told by Mr. Malinow that he could look else where for employment. This appeared to depress the man greatly, but instead ol try ing to regain the good graces of the sexton by sobering up Hicks continued drinking. llieks had gradually become morose, and yesterday he determined to take his life, lie wrote a note to Malinow and loft il at the house, saying that he was tired of living and disgusted with tho way ho had abused the friendship of the sexton, md asked ev erybody to forgive him for what lie was about to do. He then went to the north end of the tabernacle, on the second floor, and locked himself in the study of Rabb; Solomon. He first closed all of the windows and then turned on the two gas jets and the burner of the gas stove, stretching himself on the floor by the side of the stove, close to the escaping gas. The gas soon tilled the room and no doubt Hicks was soon over come, for there was no evidence of a strug gle to escape. The farewell note was discov ered by Mrs. Malinow and her daughter, and naturally they became alarmed and in stituted search for the janitor. He was not in his room, but detecting the fumes of escaping gas the women hurried to the door or the study and finding it locked guessed the cause. The police were notified and Of ficers McKensie and Richardson sent with the patrol wagon to the church. Richardson tried to get into the room but finally had to climb through a winrjow from the roof of Malinow's house. Hicks was unconscious, but the officers removed him to the wagon and he was hurriedly driven to the receiving hospital. Dr. Hagan went to work and soon had the man out of danger. Hicks regained-consciousness, but was not sufficiently sober to give much ex planation of the reason for his act. He said thai he would turn on the gas yet. evidently meaning that he would try to end his life by the same method. Early in the evening, while the attendants were not watching him, Hicks arose and grabbing a towel wound it around his neck and tried to strangle himself. lie was dis covered by one of the trusties and the towel taken from him. Soon after, while Dr. Hagan, was in the hospital. Hicks tried to strangle himself with the sheets of the bed but they were rescued from his clutches after a struggle. Hicks said he was dis gusted at the way he had acted and wanted to die. Dr. Hagan said tho man was suffer ing as much from tho effects of whisky as the fumes of pas. and lie would be sent to I tlie county hospital today, flicks is about |66 years of age and has no family residing in I.os Angeles. AGAINST TRADING STAMPS Stockton Merchants Have Enough of the Scheme —Freight Rates The regular meeting vi the board oi di rectors ot the Merchants and Manufactur ers' association was held last evening. The secretary reported that he had a confer ence with Assistant Passenger and Freight Agent Luce oi ihe Southern Pacific railway, and the latter informed him that the re quest of the Merchants and Manufacturers' association for equal freight per mile from this city to San Joaquin valley points as are now charged from San Francisco into that territory had been' denied' by the Southern Pacific. A resolution was adopted instructing the secretary to ask the city council to appoint a special committee to aot in conjunction with a similar committee from the associa tion regarding the future contract for the cremation of garbage and all matters per taining thereto. It was decided to give a banquet to the members, ot! the association durin(| the mouth of January about the time that the new hoard of directors take office. Several newspaper articles wore submitted from the press of Stockton showing that two hundred merchants of that city hoi signed an agreement to dis pense with the trading stamp. The merchants who signed the agreement with the Trading Stamp company soon discov ered that the scheme was no benefit to them, and that the Trading Stamp company had not carried out its agreement. The Trad ing Slump company there promised to its customer-, as. it did in. l.os. Angeles, to ad vertise extensively in the newspapers the scheme and its advantages, hut only once or twice had such advertisements appeared. Tlie Stockton papers publish interviews with many of the merchants, and every one denounced the trading stamp proposition as a delusion. The following new members- were (tooted: McDonald Grain and Milling company, Sher wood & Sherwood, nnd Chicago Wall Paper company. Who Is D. J. Griffith? The detectives hnve not succeeded in learning anything regarding the identity of the mysterious prisoner who snys his right name is 1). J. < rrifTith. The man was photo graphed yesterday, and this likeness will aid the officers materially In their search for information regarding him. Griffith revs arraigned before Justice Owens yesterday on tl harge of forgery and burglary, and the examinations were set for the 31st. lie •nail" no statement, but has engaged the services of 11. .1. Crawford to attend to his defense. Griffith i> accused of forging the name of 11. Jevne to ft check*for $12,00 and passing this worthless paper on John Schneider of the Arcade Depot hotel. In addition to this crime, it is claimed that the defendant went into the house of Mrs. Law on Burns Vista street and stole $3 from her purse. PERSONAL Attorney Lewis Kurby is in the city from San Diego. S. P. Young, a San Francisco merchant, is in the city. Ex-Attorney General W. H. H. Hart is in the city on business. Edgar Hill of this city is at the Ruse house in San Francisco. Richard Goode of the United States geo logical survey was in the city yesterday. 11. It. Varcoc and wife returned yesterday morning from Europe after an absence since June. Dr. Warburton, wife and daughter, who arrived yesterday from Boston, will reside in Los Angeles. REFORM BADLY NEEDED FORESTS DESTROYED BY FIRES WHICH RAGE UNCHECKED An Open Letter to Binger Herman. The Present Forest Ranger System a Farce The following open letter has been written to Hon. Binger Herman, land commissioner, by Hon. Abbot Kinney in relation to the forest lives which have so recently devas tated the mountain forests of this section: Oct. 24, 18t»S. Hon. Binger Herman, Land Commission er, Washington, I). C.—Dear Sir: Inclosed please find a dipping from the morning paper in relation to the last mountain tire in the Sierra Madre range. You will sec from this that the men are being sent down from the mountain before they are sure the tiro has beon thoroughly extinguished, lam informed that this was done several times during this lire. That men taken up the mountains were sent down again on the supposition that the lire was under control, w hen it was not, is claimed both in this and former ores. When we met in San Francisco ] think that I made it plain that the forestry people here did not believe that the methods adopted this year by the secretary of the in terior were effective or would be effective in protecting the forests. In the Sierra Madre range we have never had so many or so disastrous tires within the historical pe riod as wo have had this year. It is openly Charged here that the men employed by tlie forest supervisors, to extinguish tires have repeatedly set tiros or renewed tires to se i ure or maintain jobs under the public pay. The extraordinary manner in which these tires have occurred and renewed themselves against all precedent giv es some excuse for this charge, even though the evidence be in complete. I have not any evidence in re .ard to the matter, but 1 know that the ivnagement and that the means of putting ill tires in lie Sierra Madre range and also in the singular lire which invaded YosetnitC State pari; were inefficient and next door to worthless. The force in the Sierra Ne vada* under some of your officers, employed on the tiro that attacked the state Yosemite park, was handled without intelligence or capacity. It is impossible to believe thai the meth ods which you inaugurated this year In the forests of California can ever be free from tlio imminent danger of having tires deliber ately set for the purpose of gaining work by those out of employment. You had better give up your system altogether rather than have a rule permitting sheep to enter your pastures at one month and a rule to destroy the flocks and arrest and imprison the men who have gone in under the first rule in an other month. It is better to have no tin: patrol at all than to have one that sets hies which they are afterward employed to extinguish. 1 have thus far eommnnieatetd with the secretary of the interior and yourself with out agitating the question materially. This situation, however, cannot continue. This forest question is one of vital importance to California and especially to Southern Cal ifornia. The people are thoroughly awak ened to the danger of their situation. I have received from outside bodies letter after letter proposing a joint campaign upon linos suggested to control and prevent the abuses and destruction of our forest water sheds. The last one is from a number of organizations of commercial bodies in the central part of the state and they propose to take hold of it by state power and to lake it away from the national control. I do not know whether this could be done or not, but I do not believe it is the correct solution of the forest question. At any rate I can say now- that we shall take this mat ter up. If you can give us any definite and practical plan that yon will work to in re lation to forest management you can gain ihe support of all those interested in the question. The meeting of the Southern California Pomological society, of which I am presi dent, takes place on November 17th and Isth this year. Undoubtedly final notion as to the position of this society will be taken at that meeting. The Academy of Science of Southern California has also ta ken up this question. I am just in receipt of a letter from the state board of trade upon the same suhjoet. I believe that there is nn question tint that any reasonable plan of forest manage ment will receive the hearty and enthusi astic indorsement nnd support of all the public bodies and of the body of the people of this section of the country. Yours very truly, ABBOT KINNEY, EXCLUSION LAWS Apply to Chinese Now Resident in Hawaii WASHINGTON, Oct. 24 - Acting Attor ney o ( Ineral John K. Richards lias rendered an opinion in relation to the status of the Chinese in the Hawaiian islands, with par ticular reference to their entrance into and exit from the island. It is held that the re strictions placed by our exclusion laws upon the admission of Chinese persons of exempt classes and the regulations made under the provisions of the treaty between the United States and China providing for the depar ture and return to this country of registered Chinese laborers, arc applicable to Chinese persons applying for admission to the Ha waiian islands, or to such persons residing there and who may wish to depart with in tention of returning. A Pauper Immigrant SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 21.—Catherine Sophie Bertha de Olraud D'Agay, an aged French woman, who came here from Van couver, l». C, on the steamship Walla Walla, has been refused landing by Im migration Commissioner Norlhup on the ground that she is liable to become a public charge. From documents found In Mrs. De Glraud's possession, the officials of the immigration bureau concluded that she was an anarchist. The woman says that she Is a French royalist, and lost all her money ln British Columbia properties. She claims to be t cousin of the French consul general In New York. Glad to Get Work POMEROY, Ohio, Oct. 24.—The miner.-,' strike which has existed since March is broken and the miners' organization is dis rupted. The Pacific mine started up to day, and the men are scrambling to get in at reduced wages. The approaching winter and t he refusal of t he company stores to give further credit broke the strike. Colonel Bryan Ill SAVANNAH. On.. Oct. 24.—C01. W. J. Bryan, who Is here with his regiment, the Third Nebraska volunteers, as a part of Lee's corps, is ill at the De Soto hotel. He is suffering with fever, but his condition Is not regarded as at all serious. SOME REASONS WHICH OUGHT TO COMMEND THE NEW CHARTER However much the members of the Hoard of Freeholders differ in their opin ions as to details, they were unanimous in their conviction that municipal government ought to be conducted upon sound business principles rather than as an adjunct to State and national pohtieg; and at the Hrst meeting after organization they com mitted themselves to this principle by unan imously adopting a resolution that the charter should establish the merit system in the appointment and tenure of office of the city's employes, and should remove the public school system as far as possible from the field of local and partisan in fluence, by providing for the election of the Hoard of Education by the people from the city at large. This plan as to the School Hoard wns, however, subsequently amend ed, for reasons which will appear hereafter, by providing that three of the live mem bers should be elected, while the other two should be appointed by the Mayor with the consent of the Council. In pursuunce of the same general prin ciple, the board hlro decided that the Mayor, chosen directly by the people, in stead of being, as he now is, nn ornamental figurehead, should be vested with powers and duties, and charged with responsibili ties befitting his office ns the Chief Execu tive officer of the municipality. To this end, they make him directly and personally responsible for the official con duct of all city officers and make it his per sonal duty to "take note of the fidelity and exactitude (or the want thereof) with which they execute their duties and obliga tions." All the hooks, records, etc.. of all offices, departments and boards, are open to his inspection, and he is charged with the responsibility of seeing that they arc prop erly kept, and may remove from office any officer refusing to submit his books, papers anil records for a yearly examination by au expert to be appointed by him. With this great responsibility resting on him, for the official conduct of the officers and boards, it properly and naturally fol lows that, so far as practicable, the appoint ment of these officials, for whom he is re sponsible, should be vested in him. The new charter, therefore, takes from the Council and vests in tho Mayor alone, the appointment of nil the boards nnd com missions (excepting that the two members of the Board of Education appointed by him, must be confirmed by the Council): and also takes from the present list of elec tive officers, the City Attorney, the City Engineer and the Street Superintendent, and vests their appointment in the Mayor. In further pursuance of the general prin ciples governing the Hoard of Freeholders, in order to remove the municipal elections from the influence of parly polities, and lo render the conduct of municipal officer more stable, the new charter fixes the term of offioc at four years, instead of t wo, and provides for city elections on the "off" political years. It also provides in the con stitution of all of the different boards and commissions, for a classification of the mem bers, so that no more than two of them shall go out of office in any one year; conse quently, at all times, there will be at least three, and generally four of the five mem bers having at least one year's experience in office. The only exception is in the Board of Education, where the three members, elect ed once in four years by the people at large, must of necessity gt) out of office to gether; the other two members appointed By the Mayor, holding over. This plan, however, could not well be applied to the Council, elected as it is, once every four years. In the consideration of the legislative duties ami powers of the Council, the freeholders gave hearings to the presenta tion, by committees of the Union Reform League and other kindred organizations, of the principles of the initiative and the ref erendum as applied to municipal affairs. Although for years these have been applied successfully in such important mutters as tlie creation of bonded indebtedness and the adoption and amendment of municipal charters, their more general application has been looked upon with the distrust generally accorded to new ideas. It is to be noted, however, that they seem to be regarded with growing favor by many of our ablest and soundest political philosophers, ias, for example. President Low of Columbia Uni versity I, as being the logical and necessary complement of the modern doctrine of the concentration of power and responsibility, md the lengthening of the term of office of municipal officers. After long nnd careful consideration, the freeholders committed themselves to these principles by their ap plication in two important particulars. Upon petition signet by fifteen percent of the voters at the last general municipal election, asking for the adoption of any ordi nance of a general nature, the Council must cither pass the ordinance or submit it tn the vote of the people at the next general municipal election. This will enable the people to force the Council, if unwilling, to submit nny desired amendment! to the charter, as well as to control the municipal policy on any important question, I'pon a like petition for the acquisition by the city of any of the public utilities, tbe Council must prepare the necessary plans and estimates, and submit the proposi tion, or alternative propositions, to the vote of the people at the next general elec tion, including any proposition on the same proposed by the Mayor. The majority of the freeholders did not deem it wise To go further at present in tin application of these principles. When the people are sufficiently educated along these new lines of thought, they can exercise the power given them to enlarge and extend their application by amendment to the new charter. The rules for the civil service have been prepared and considered with great care, and are substantially in the form which has been approved by the experience of the na tional government and the various cities which have adopted the merit system. They apply to all of the departments of the pull lie service, excepting of course the heads of departments, members nf boards and chief deputies. They are applied to the teachers of the public schools in a modified form, basing appointments and promotions upon merit, and assuring tenure of office during good behavior and continued com petency and fitness for teaching. Special provision Is made in regard to the removal of the members of the police and fire forces, and retention in the force is secured to all members in good standing at the time the charter goes into effect and who become members prior to January 1, 1880, who shall pass Ihe necessary physical ex amination, provided that every member of live years standing, who is properly cert ified as competent by bis Chief may be ex empt from tlie physical examination. Employes in ail other departments, who at the time of taking effect of the charter, may have continuously held their positions for eighteen months, shnll retain their po sitions without examinations. These provisions, retaining in office in cumbents of experience, are in direct line with, the true principles of civil service, and are based upon, presumption, which in most cases is entirely true, that a man who has held liiK employment for eighteen months has proved his fitness. 'The new charter stands linn on the ques tion of municipal ownership of a domestic water system. It reiterates the positive prohibitions contained in the old charter against the sale, lease, or other alienation of the water of the Los Angeles river and extends the prohibition to any system of water works whioh the city may nt any time own. It also provides for the appointment of a Hoard of Water Commissioners, to take charge and control of all the waters, water works ond water systems of the city, both for doniestio and irrigating purposes, whenever the Council shall, by ordinance, determine the necessity for the appoint ment of said board. The Council is also given the power, when the city sliall own and operate its own water system, to pro vide that: water rates sliall be lion upon the lands supplied, and shall bo oollectcd twice a year with the general city taxes. This system obtains in most cities owning their own water works, and has been found te save much expense and annoyance. I he subject of the collection, custody and disbursement of the city's moneys has been given the most careful consideration, and every practical safeguard has been providtsi in these matters. The new features in this respect are so numerous as to forbid de» tailed mention in thiß paper; but a careful study of Articles 111, IV, V, VI, VII, XIII, XIV, and XV will show that no reason* able precaution has been neglected. The object of this statement has been rather to suggest the genera I principles upofi which the new features of the charter have been founded, than to recite them in detail. The committee is also preparing nnd will submit hereafter a detailed statement, showing the changes made. In conclusion, there is one fundamental principle, the truth of which has been forced home upon the freeholders by their studies and labors in preparing this scheme tat municipal government, and that is, that no system which can be devised will work well unless the people choose good men to run it. It is the character, ability and training of the man behind the gun Which toil. Respectfully submitted, by Committee of Freeholders. HOBSON HAS HIGH HOPE OF RAISING SOME MORE OS SPAIN'S SHIPS Oquendo a Hopeless Wreck, but the Vizcaya May Possibly Be Saved and Mercedes Certainly BOSTON', Oct. 24.—Previous to Lieuten ant llobson's departure for Washington he wius questioned by a reporter as to the pros pect of raising tiie sunken Spanish war ves sels off Santiago. He said he was now en gaged in the preliminary work on the Cris tobal Colon and that it would take at least three weeks more before anything would be raised. The government had appropriated $500,000 for the raising of the vessel, but it will lie money well spent, he said, it the venture proved a success, as the ship is worth $4,000,000. The purpose of his visit to this country, Mr. Hohson said, was to see the secretary ol the navy regarding further work on the warships. He thought the Vizcaya could be saved, but would not affirm positively. She had settled in the sand, which has formed a thick bed around her, so that she is resting in an easy position, but n dry dock would have to be built around her before she could be raised. All appropriation of tl,ooo,- Odd would cover the work of raising the Viz caya mid would enable the government to bring her north and put her into good con dition. She cost *:(,0(IO,00(). The AlmirantS Oquendo, Lieutenant Hohson says, is a hopeless wreck. The Reins Mercedes, which was sunk in Santiago harbor, is a good vessel and can be raised with but little cost. DR. HALL'S WILL Leaves Not a Copper Cent for Sweel Charity WASH I NOTON, Oct. 21.—The will of the late Dr. .lohn Hall, pastor ot the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian church, bequeaths nothing to charity. A number of small be quests are made to relatives. All his ve%\ estate In Kansas goes to his son, Thomas. C. The rest of the estate la divided among the live children and the widow. The wllj discriminates against one of the sons, Hol ton Hull, who Is a socialist and has Inter ested himself extensively In labor matters, He Is to receive only as v life interest the Income from a certain part of the personal property after the death of the testator's widow. After the death of Mrs. John Hall, the executors are given power to advance to him at any time they shal! deem it ad visable and for his lies: interests the whole or any part of his share. Tht- remainder, goes to his widow or children at his death. Such conditions'are not made In regard to the other children or heirs. IJolton Hall is repined to be wealthy, having married a rich woman. ORIENTAL STEAMERS Lower the British Ensign to Raise Old! Glory TACOMA, Wash.. Oct. 24,—The stennv ship Tacomn of the Northern Pacific Steam ship company was formally transferred from British to American register with hes home port al Tacomn, today. Five thou sand people stood on Ocean rock to listen te speeches on the signili. am c of the event and to see the British ensign lowered and tha Stars am! Stripes take its place. The change of register is significant, This is the first time nn English vessel has changed from British to American register on the Pacini const and the firsl time an English flag has been lowered ill these waters. The steam ship Victoria of the Northern Pacific cum pauv's Tocoma-Orlcntal Heel is in port and will be surveyed i ua few days preparatory to changing her register. All the other ves sels of the line are to follow. New Wheel Records NORWOOD, Mans., Oct. 34.—Four new bicycle road records were mode hero today over a measured mile by Frank Ourlsh ot Dorchester, Mass. The tlrst was the paced mile, llylni; start, which was covered In, 1:41 1-5, the previous record being 1:46, made by W. It. Dodge of Lowell. Ornish next niade tbe mile paced, standing start, In, 1:45 8-6, the old record being h lid by Dodge, 1:68, The third record wis the one mile, unpaced, standing star t, which was made In 2:1! 1-6, ihe previous record being 2:1.") 1-5, held by C. A. Foster of Terre Haute. With the aid of F. Wold, Ourish broke the tan dem mile paced, standing start, in 1:51 3-5, the old record beliiß 1:55. Kerns Vice Truitt DOWNEY, Oct. 24.— J. H, Kerns, vyhs originally received Hie union nominatioa for justice ot the peace of this township, but withdrew from the race on being usked to give his support to E. P. Truitt, editor ol the Norwalk Call, is again in the field. Mr Kerns understood that Mr. Truitt was s stanch supporter of the union ticket, bu( an editorial published in the Call, amount ing to a fulsome adulation of K. J. Waters, Republican candidate for congress in ths Sixth district, has undeceived Mr. Kernt and his friends. There is now every indies, tion that the original nominee of the Peo ple's party and Democrats will be elected. Off for Manila NEW YORK, Oct. 24.—The cruiser Buffa lo will leave the navy yard tomorrow for Manila. Sailing orders were "rush orders." The Huftalo will cross the Atlantic and go through the Suez canal, and lt Is expected that she will arrive at her destination be fore the Oregon and lowa.