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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, October 26, 1898, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042461/1898-10-26/ed-1/seq-1/

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On the Service Rendered by the
Signal Corps
The Whole Santiago Qmpvgn Conducted on Information
Furnished by the Corps—Shafter Blamed for Order
ing the Balloon to the Skirmish Line
Associated Press Special Wire.
WASHINGTON, Oct. M.—Brigadier Gen
eral Greely today presented to Secretary
Alger his report of tlie operations of the
signal corps during the recent war with
Spain, ln tlie first section of his report
General Cicely intimated that the corps
officers in Cuba were handicapped because
they were not allowed to take with them
the signal corps telegraph train, which had
been sent to Tampa for tlie Santiago expedi
tion. He then adds the following:
"The lack, of thoroughly trained men was
not the only serious factor that hindered
the signal work. Seeing that visual signal
ing, which the commanding general of the
Fifth army corps relied upon, contrary to
professional advice, was impossible for land
operations, and only useful between coast
stations and the fleet, it is impossible to
surmise what would have been the result
had it not been for the supply of insulated
wire, telegraphic and telephonic instru
ments, etc., which Lieutenant Colonel Allen
furnished to Lieutenant Colonel Green."
General Greely discusses at length the
physical difficulties of maintaining eommuni
cation by wire in Cuba during the Santiago
campaign, but points out that at all critical
periods of the campaign tieneral Shafter was
kept in direct communication by telephone
with his subordinate officers, the line being
uninterruptedly maintained under an al
most constant fire of the enemy. Special
stress is laid upon the value of the corps in
directing the fire of the naval vessels. The
arrangements were so complete and excel
lent that the major general commanding
was able to communicate directly with the
admiral commanding the fleet, and in addi
tion communicate with the war department
within twenty minutes.
General Greely then says: "Concerning
this telegraphic and telephonic service,
which did not fall within the plans of the
major general commanding the Fifth nrmy
corps, and for which he made no provision,
the chief signal officer of the army feels it
incumbent upon himself to point out its ab
solute military necessity and value and to
indicate the extraordinary risks which any
general commanding a detached army, es
pecially one serving on foreign soil, assumes
when he leaves himself unprovided with
telegraphic or telephonic facilities."
General Greely is confident that during
the single month of July the lines of com
munication maintained by his corps in Cuba
were worth more to the nation than has been
the cost of the signal corps of the army from
its inception to the present day. He refers
to the ease with which the major general
commanding the army communicated with
Washington, giving important information
and receiving important orders. He then
adds: "In addition, it is not pleasant to
surmise what might have been the fate of
the fever-stricken army in Suntiagoimd its
fortunes and movements been debated by
mail instead of by electrical communica
General Greely strongly commends the
use of the war balloon and declares that its
atility waa thoroughly demonstrated.
Concerning the criticism made of the bal
loon operations at Santiago, he says: "The
forcing of the signal corps balloon to the
skirmish line, where its position is reported
to have caused serious loss to the troops by
disclosing their movements and attracting
tlie enemy's Hie, was the action of Major
Ocneral Shafter through his chief engineer.
Colonel George MeDcrby, in the face of the
professional advice given by Lieutenant Col
onel Muxfield of the United States volunteer
signal corps, who is charged with the prac l
tical operation of tlie balloon and who, be
sides sharing absolutely every danger to
which Colonel McDerby was subjected, in
addition had his horse shot under him in a
previous reconnoisancc of the;ground."
Gen. Greely says that the signal corps
failed to receive from Maj. Gen. Shafter, in
his original report, even a notice that it
participated in the Santiago campaign.
An interesting part of Gen. Greely's re
port is that relating to telegraph censorship.
Upon this feature he says: "There has been
a misapprehension regarding the basis
upon which the signal corps exercised
a press censorship during the war, an opin
ion that is entirely unfounded, as the chief
signal officer ignored all suggestions looking
to interference with the free and untram
melcd publication of press matter, even by
the most sensational and unpatriotic journ
als. It may be added that the Associated
Press and many of the leading journals in
almost patriotic spirit expressed frequently
und freely, not only their willingness, but
r.lso their desire, to refrafh from the publi
cation of any information that would em
barrass the administration or be detri
mental to the success of the military opera
tions. These offers were not Pickwickian,
for in more than one instance information
of the highest interest to the public has
never been published to this day, being held
secret by press associations, newspaper cor
respondents and editors, ns calculated, if
given publicity, to injure the national
Gen. Greely's report indicates that the
credit for the location of Admiral Cervera's
fleet in Santiago harbor belongs to the signal
corps, and says that "in the interest of his
tory, let alone justice to the signal corps of
the army, the truth should be told. The lo
cation of Cervera's squadron at Santiago
was first made by Col. James Allen, and
later verified independently by Lieut. Col.
Jos. E. Maxfield, both officers of the signul
"The blockading of Cervera's squadron
was due to the conservative action of the
president and secretary of the navy, based
on reports nnd representations made per
sonally to them by the chief signal officer of
the army.
"On May 19, Admiral Cervcra entered the
harbor of Santiago with his squadron. That
very day Col. Allen telegraphed in cipher to
the chief signal officer: 'Five Spanish yes
uu« oiguu. viuwi . . 118 UJiaUIHO VCO'
! (Continued on Page Three)
The Session Followed by Street Rioting Which Is Only a Mild
Prelude to That Expected When the Court of Cassation
Takes Up the Dreyfus Case Tomorrow
LONDON}, Oct 26.—The Paris correspondent of the Times says:
The days of Boulangism are returning without a Floquet to draw the sword against a factious gen
eral and without a Constans to make him cross the frontier. The house has been overturned on a mere
pretext by those defying authority while pretending to defend it, and who fomented agitation and al
most teror. In the Rue Royale the rioters tried to overturn a carriage containing three Americans,
amid cries of "Down with the Jews!"
Evidently the taste for street demonstration is reviving, and perhaps Thursday, when the court of
cassation will meet, there will be a renewal of the uproar.
It looks as though M. Brisson gave up in disgust a position which yielded neither pleasure nor
greatness. Nobody has any idea who will succeed him unless, perhaps, M. Faure, knows, for he is al
leged to have instigated the overthow of the cabinet. President Faure has signed the appointment of
M. Lockroyx, minister of marine in the retiring cabinet, as minister of war ad interim.
While accepting the resignation of the ministry, M. Faure begged jM. Brisson and his colleagues to
continue to act until the formation of a new cabinet
It is the general impression among the deputies that President Faure will invite M. Ribot to form
a cabinet.
M. Faure has issued no statement tonight, but he will consult this morning with the senate and
chamber of deputies.
PARIS, Oct, 25.—Strong bodies of police were stationed in the neighborhood of the Palais Bourbon
and the Place de la Concorde today to prevent the projected demonstrations at the opening of the cham
ber of deputies. The French cabinet met this morning and the minister of marine, M. Lockroyd, an
nounced that he would shortly introduce a scheme for the administration of financial reorganization of
the navy.
A meeting of Progressives and Republicans decided not to support the government's internal pol
icy, but to uphold to the fullest extent its foreign policy.
There was considerable disorder about the approaches of the Palais Bourbon when M. Deroulede
Melevoye and other deputies arrived, accompanied by a crowd of supporters. Members of the League
of Patriots who were crosing the Place de la Concorde shouted "Vive l'Armee," and the Republican
guards were obliged to clear a passage. A conflict with the police ensued, in which a number of anti-
Semites attacked and injured a commissary of police with loaded stills. The ringleader, M. Guerin, pres
ident of the Anti-Semitic league, was arrested. When M. Dumont, the anti-Semitic leader, arrived
there were further disturbances with cries of "Down with the Jews" and cheering for France. A de
tachment of cuirassiers charged and dispersed the mob. Several arrests were made.
The session of the chamber of deputies had no sooner opened than M. Deroulede made a violent at
tack upon the minister of war, General Chenoine, whereupon the latter arose and explained the condi
tions under which he had accepted the portfolio. In so doing he declared that he was of same oninion
a* his predecessors, referring to the question
of re-opening the Dreyfus case, a remark
which was erected with cheers and protests,
the uproar lasting five minutes.
When General Chanoine was able to re
sume speaking, he asserted that he was the
guardian of the honor of flic army and con
cluded with saying, angrily: "I plncc in
your hands the trust I received, and I ten
der my resignation in this tribune."
The announcement was received with loud
General Chanoine then left the Chamber
of Deputies and the Premier, DI, Brisson, as
cended the tribune. There he was greeted
with shouts of "resign," while the leftists
cheered him lustily.
M. Brisson said that General
declaration was a complete surprise to him,
as the General had been present nt the
meeting which decided to submit the docu
ments in the Dreyfus case to the Court of
Cassation. The General, M. Tlrisaon con
tinued, did not then raise any objection.
Continuing, the Premier said that the
government was fully determined to uphold
the civil power against the military, and he
asked for a suspension of the business of
tlie Chamber, which was granted.
During the suspension, M, Brisson went
to the Elysec Palace, in order to communi
cate to President Faure the resignation of
General Chanoine.
During M. De Rouledes' speech, two dep
uties, M. Bausley and Paulinary, engaged
in a personal encounter which caused in
tense excitement among the members of
the House and the crowds of spectators in
the galleries. Finally the deputies rose in
a body and protested against the conduct of
the fighters.
During the suspension of business in the
House, the discussion in the lobbies was
animated on General Chanojue's unpre
cedented course, in resigning In the midst of
a session and without giving a previous hint
of his intention to his colleagues.
The moderate Republicans maintained
England and France May Qo to War Over Thia Section of Africa. ASmall French Force Under Marchand
and an Army of Brltona and Egypt-iaa» Under Xitohaaex Are atFaaaoda.
tn.it. in view ot ueneral unanoine s act, an
political differences disappeared and that
the Republicans of all shades must unite
and face the situation.
Committees representing the Radical Left,
the extreme Radicals and the Progressists
met and agreed to support the order of thi
day, affirming the resolution of the Cham
b'r to make respected, under all circum
stances, the supremacy of civil power, and te
adjourn the discussion of the interpellations
until Thursday.
The Socialists also promised to support
the above resolution.
After the chamber of deputies had re
sumed business at 5 oclock M. Brisson an
nounced that the "irregular resignation" of
Oen. Chanoine had been accepted and that
his successor ad interim would be appointed
this evening. The premier then proposed
that the chstaber adjourn until Thursday
next, and he etmcluded his remarks with re
affirming the supremacy of the civil power.
After attempts on the part of various
deputies to discuss the alleged military plots,
the insults to the army, etc., their remark!
Icing punctuated with interruptions and
cheers, M. Ribot, in behalf of his friends,
including M. Meline, approved M. Brisson's
statement and added:
"We have every confidence in the army
and do not wish to see it attacked. All Re
publicans are united on this subject."
M. de Mahy then proposed a resolution
calling upon the government to end the
campaign of insult against the army, but M.
Brisson refused to accept it.
M. Cavaignac, the former minister of
war, then rushed to the tribune and de
manded an immediate discussion of the res
olution. He was greeted with hostile shouts,
including "Sabre!" "Forgery!" "Razor!"
which caused a great uproar. The shouting
of the .word "razor" was an allusion to the
suicide of the late Col. Henry, who is said
to have cut his throat in hi 9 cell at the
fortress of Monte Valerien after confessing
to have forged one of the Dreyfus docu
ments, though it has since been claimed the
razor with which the deed was committed
was not found in the cell of the deceased.
M. Brisson then accepted the order of the
day, proposed by M. Ribot, affirming the
supremacy of the civil over the military
power. Several of rbe deputies attempted
to speak, but their voices were drowned in
> the uproar which followed in the chamber.
The order of the day was adopted by a
vote of 2fJD ayes to 2 nays.
The amendment proposed by M. Bcrger,
censuring the government "for not causing
the honor of the army to be respected" was
lost by 274 to 261 votes.
M. de Mahy then proposed a resolution
calling upon the government to end the
campaign of insult against the army.
The president refused to accept the mo
tion, however, and a vote was taken oni it
amid so much confusion that scrutiny was
demanded. Later this showed that the
government was defeated by a vote of 290
to 243.
After the result of the scrutiny had been
announced, M, Berteau moved a vote of
confidence in M. Brisson, which was reject
ed by 2SO to 234. When this vote wns de
clared, the ministers left the chamber.
After the ministers had withdrawn the
chamber adopted, amid cries of "Down
with the .lews!" the order of the day, the
motions of M. Ribot and M de Mahy, by a
vote of 460 to 28.
A fresh tumult was aroused by the dec
laration of M. D'Asson, deputy for the ar
rondissement of Los Sables d'Olonne, in
the department of Vendes, that all the
ministers except Gen. Chanoine ought to be
The chamber adjourned to November 4.
After the adjournment of the chamber
there was intense excitement, followed by
street demonstrations. At many points the
boulevards becume almost impassable nnd
there were numerous collisions between the
demonstrators and tbe police.
Only with the utmost difficulty was a sem
blance of order preserved and in many
x fContlnued on Paire Three i
I x (Continued on rage Three.)
Still Centered on the Fashoda
The Withdrawal of Marchand's Force From Fashoda Must
Precede Any Consideration of French Rights in
Africa —Prepared for Mobilization
Associated Press Special Wire.
LONDON, Oct. 25.—A1l interest today is
centered on the Marquis of Salisbury's addi
tion to the Fashoda correspondence, con
tained in the publication of the British
blue book on that subject. The conserva
tive newspapers express themselves as be
ing highly pleased with this rejoinder to
the French yellow book on the same subject.
They declare that it dispels the idea spread
by the dispatch of. the French Ambassa
dor here, Baron de Courcel, that the Pre
mier was willing to negotiate on the whole
question. But the liberal and radical organs
still consider the Marquis uf Salisbury's at
titude admits of negotiations promising v
friendly arrangement.
The entire press, however, scouts the idea
of the possession of Fashoda coming within
the sphere of discussion. The St. James
Gazette says this afternoon:
"We are prepared to negotiate the ques
tion of the western frontier of Bahr-el-Gha
zal district. But we must control the Nile,
both banks and watersheds, from its source
to the sea."
Tlie Globe thinks the Marquis of Salis
bury has made it clear that Major Mar
chand must quit Fashoda without condi
"Liitil that is done," the Globe says,
"there can be no discussion of the French
claim in Africa."
The Globe points out the significant an
uaunccmeut jn General Kitchener's report
that he sent gunboats south from Sebat, to
ward Meihra-er-Rek, tlie principal trading
center of Bahr-el-Ghuzal region, with in
structions to establish necessary outposts,
and that before he left he completed ar
rangements for the main entrance of these
"These movements," the Globe adds,
"bring our position down to the eighth par
allel of north latitude, and the valley of
Bahr-el-Ghazal at this moment is under the
rule of the Khedive. It would be interest
ing to see the effect of this revelation upon
the Frencli government."
The Pall Mall Gazette concludes from
the publication of tlie blue book that the
French government has been given to under
stand that, wholly apart from the Fashoda
question, its title to the territory abutting
on the left bank of the Nile is "rejected
as utterably untenable, and France must
accept the position or take the con
Xlie Westminster Gazette suggests ns the
solution that the French be granted "way
leave" and "enclave" for commercial pur
poses in the Bahr-el-Ghazal district.
"Way leave" is the right of way over an
other's ground; "enclave" is to shut in, to
euclose a territory within the territories
of another power.
The French papers today are more hope
ful, and believe that a pacific solution oi
the dispute will be found.
The English papers are full of particulars
of naval news, but the only fresh develop
ment is an order received at Portsmouth
to prepare all the ships of the fleet and the
I reserve for immediate mobilization. Eight
additional warships there, in consequence,
commenced coaling this morning, and work
ing parties were immediately placed on
board other reserve war vessels at Porte
Although not connected with the war
preparations, much attention has been at
tracted to a request received by the Clyde
shipbuilders from the British Admiralty,
for tenders of four new tirst-class battle
ships, a first-class cruiser and twelve tor
pedoboat destroyers. The distinguishing
feature is the increased armament which
it is believed will make the battleships ready
for service tlie most powerful of their
class afloat. Theyiwill have a speed of nine
teen knots. The cruiser will be of 14,100
tons, and will be able to steam twenty-three
knots an hour. All the vessels will mount
exceptionally strong, quick-hring guns.
Warships Beady
HALIFAX, N. S., Oct. 25.—The British
Warships Pallas and Talbot arrived today
from Bermuda.
General Lord William Seymour, com
mander of the troops in British North Amer
ica, will return from Ottawa, his visit hav
ing been cut short by the unusual activity
in military and naval circles at this station.
Canadian Criticism
MONTREAL, Oct. 25.—The French
Canadian papers are freely criticising Eng
land over its course in Egypt.
La Patria, tha government organ, states
that though they were loyal subjects of the
! empire, they were Frenchmen also.
La Minerva says: "The English do not
admit either discussion or arbitration. They
simply ordered the recall of Marchand, and
if this demand is not complied with they
are ready to make war. This reminds one
of the procedure of the United Stutee
I against Spain. Right is nothing to the
1 Anglo-Saxon from the moment he is cer
tain he is the stronger."
Only Ordinary Work
VICTORIA, Oct. 23.—Naval officers at
Esquimalt contradict the statement that
extra activity exists there. They assert
wink being done is tlie ordinary routine
J st tins season.
The Ogden Gateway
CHICAGO, Oct. 25.—Since the announcer
; ment lias been niado Unit the Oregon Short
! Line is shortly to be consolidated with the
I Union Pacific, competitors of the latter
I road fear that the action will result in the
I closing of the Ogdcn way to their traffic,
j and that the Union Pacific will again in
sist thai all business destined to points on
; the Oregon Short Line be turned over te
them at ibc Missouri river. It is now au
thoritatively slated that there are no
grounds for these fears. The Ogden gate
way will remain open as it is at present, and
j the Vanderbilt plan of open gateways at all
j junction points will be adhered to.
Engineers' Meeting
! PITTSBURG, Oct. 25.—The Board of A*
1 jiistmenl ot the Brotherhood of Locomotive
Engineers is in session here. Sixty mess
I bars, from all parts of ths country, train. as«
1 tendance. Tbe proceedings are secret.

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