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TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR. NO. 28. REVISION OF DREYFUS CASE Comes to Hearing in the French Court of Cassation M. BARD SPEAKS EOR THE PRISONER Contrary to Expectation the Hearing Was Not Interrupted, and the Crowd Dispersed Without Yelling "A Bas" or "A Mort" Anybody or Anything Associated Press Special 'Wire. PARIS, Oct. 27.—The Court of Cassation, which is to decide upon the reopening of the case of Alfred Dreyfus, the prisoner of Devil's Island, who is alleged to have been formerly convicted of selling important mil itary plans to agents of a foreign power, opened at noon today. The hall was filled with people, but there waa no demonstra tion around the palace of justice, tiie gates of which were closed aa a matter of precau tion, and only ticket holders were admit ted. Guards were stationed in all the cor ridors. Maitre La Borne, who was counsel for M. Zola, during the letter's famous trial, was seated among the lawyers. Mine. Drey fus, wife of the prisoner, was provided with a seat in a corner. She was represented by Maitre Mournaud. The Dreyfus appeal case was immediately called after the open ing of the court. Reporter Bard opened the proceedings by referring to the scandals aroused by the cass, even before the appeal for a revision of the trial was demanded. He then reviewed the history of the case from the arrest of Dreyfus and said his condemnation was for one of the crimes which inspire universal horror and struck one of those in whom the country put much confidence. Continuing, M. Bard spoke of the efforts made to obtain a revision of the case, referred to the denunciation of Major Ksterhazy and reviewed Mine. Dreyfus' ap peal for a revision of the case. In so doing, M. Bard said that this ap peal was based on the assumption that the bordtreau was written by Major Ksterhazy. He then pointed out that there were sus picious facts which justify the request for the revision. Mine. Dreyfus contended that her husband did not write the bordereau, which souie experts reported he did write. The court, therefore, would have to ex amine these facts and decide whether a re vision was justified. M. Bard added that the appeal for a re vision was decided upon in consequence of the late Lieutenant-Colonel Henry's con fession that he had forged a document in the case, but M. Bard said this forgery was committed in 1896 and could net alone he regarded as ground for a revision or for an annullment of tbe judgment rendered in 1894. Notwithstanding the fact that M. Hard said that Lieutenant-Colonel Henry had committed forgery, his evidence was the most crushing against Dreyfus, but, he continued, the evidence of a forger is open to suspicion. There was, therefore, the pre sumption of conscience, based upon fresh facts, that led to the appeal for a revision of the case, and there was also ground to ask whether any other fact that had not been brought to light, and if Dreyfus was really the author of the bordereau and note written to Major Ksterhazy and found in the apartment of Mine. Pays, in which the writer asked what he should do respecting the bordereau. M. Bard next read Colonel Pnty dv Clam's report of the Drey as arrest, in which the CoY"- 1 aid that Jreyfus, while writing his dictaiii/i., "betrayed intense excitement." "But," M. Bard added, "the photograph taken o' this writing does not give the slightest indication that Dreyfus was labor ing under excitement." Dreyfus, M. Bard also said, denied to Col. Paty dv Clam that he ever had relations, di rectly or indirectly with foreign powers. Colonel Paty dv Clam's report further showed that Dreyfus had to write incrim inating documents in ten different wsys .sit ting and standing, with and without gloves, and with ordinary and brood-pointed pens. L. M. Bard also cited further facts favor able to the revision and expressed astonish ment at the manner in which the whole af fair had been conducted. He referred to the fact that the residence of Colonel Picquart had been searched, while the residence of Major Ksterhazy, who was directly accused, was not searched. The report also severely criticised Major Ravary's report on the charge against Major Ksterhazy and he further said that the hand writing experts, Benhomme and Varnierd, were lunatics whose testimony was unreli able. Great stress was laid by M. Bard on Col onel Picquart's letter of July) 14, 1808, to the minister of justice, in which he gave seven principal arguments against the prob ability of guilt of Dreyfus, including the impossibility of Dreyfus' procuring the plans of fortresses and projects for the movements of troops unless detected, whereas Major Esterhazy bad free access thereto. This letter also cites interviews which Col- Picquart had with Generals Billot and Gonze and says: "With the proof in his hands, I have es tablished the innocence of Dreyfus." To this General Gonze replied, according to the letter to the minister of justice: "What is it to you if Dreyfus is on Dev il's island?" Colonel Picquart—But he is innocent. General Gonze—You know Mercier (for mer minister of war) and Saussier uormerly military governor of Paris) are mixed up in this affair. Do you wish to compromise them? General Gonze Colonel Picquart declared he was convinced of tbe innocence of Dreyfus and that he proposed to fight the matter out and reveal what lie knew. These statements upon the part of Repor ter Bard caused a sensation in the court. After referring to the fact that the ex perts who examined the bordereau differed widely in opinion, M. Bard expressed the belief that if the bordereau was the prin cipal factor in the condemnation of Dreyfus on the testimony of experts, his condemna tion ought to be revoked. During the session oi the court an anti revisionist mob numbering about one hun dred persons and headed by MM. Drumont, Mulvoye and Lasies, shouting, "Vive l'ar mce!" and "A morte les Juifesl" attempted to enter the court of cassation, but the pas sage of the mob was barred by the police and large reinforcements were sent te guard the approaches to the court. After further referenoe to Colonel Pic quart's message that the minister of war and the general staff had tampered with doc uments and had manufactured evidence in the Dreyfus case, and a presentation of the contradictory statements of Colonel Pie, The letter then continued that on leaving quart and the minister of war relative to the secret document alleged io have been com municated to the court, the hearing of the case was adjourned until tomorrow. The courthouse was emptied quietly. There were no demonstrations and no cries of any sort. THE MIDDLE COURSE The belief is general tonight that the court of cassation will pronounoe neither for re vision nor annulment of the decision in tho Dreyfus case, as either course would entail awkward consequences. To avoid these, it is expected the court will decide that, as the affair now presents itself, there has been no treason, and that, therefore, the con demnation pronounoed upon Dreyfus by the court-martial cannot be upheld. WHAT DUPUY WILL DO M. Dupuy, who was interviewed as he was leaving the Elysee, said the question of the Dreyfus revision was purely judicial, adding: "No honest politician will decline to ac cept the deoision which shall be given." A PLEASANT PROSPECT The Courier dv Soir says that the revela tions in the report of M. Bard before the court of cassation as to the part played by some members of the general staff have pro duced a strong effect in military circles, and are "likely to result in a reaction tending to put an end to the antagonism between the civil and military authorities. A Cabinet Forecast PARIS, Oct. 27—President Faure, at 9 o'clock this evening, asked M. Dupuy to form a Cabinet, in succession to the Brisson Min istry, which resigned on Tuesday. It is thought that the Cabinet will be composed as follows: M. Dupuy, Premier and Minister of the Interior. M. De Freycinet, Minister of War. M. Con stalls, Minister of Justice. M. Del Casse, Minister of Foreign Affairs. M. Dupuy has asked until tomorrow to de cide. But will doubtless accept unless un foreseen difficulties arise. The balance of the Cabinet is expected to be: M. Ribot, Minister of Finance. M. Bourgeois, Minister of Public Instruc tion. The Czar's Interest LONDON, Oct. 28.—According to the Na tional Review, Emperor Nicholas of Russia has become an advocate of Dreyfus revision. Henry's Confession PARIS, Oct. 27.—The sensation of M. Bard's report was the shorthand notes of the examination of the late Lieut. Col. Henry by M. Godfrey Cavagnac, then minis ter of war, after Henry's forgery had Feen discovered. These notes showed that the confession of forgery was only obtained wit', the utmost difficulty, Henry stoutly denying and then prevaricating to the effect that he had only added one phrase to the genu ine letter, and then, when driven to the last corner, protesting that he acted for the country's good. The drift of M. Bard's conclusion was that Comte Ksterhazy was the real culprit, but his condemnation would mean the ruin of the intelligence department. M. Bard dwelt severely on the withhold ing of the secret dossier from Dre./fus him self, as the presentation of the secret docu ments to Dreyfus could not have com promised national interests, and said the course adopted was in flagrant violation of the French prisoner's code since 1888. Although the meetings so far are favorable to Dreyfus, it must not be assumed that there will be any real clearing up of the mystery. It looks rather, though, as if an attempt were being made to stifle the truth by liberating Dreyfus with out a new trial. It is asked by the Dreyfusites if the secret dossier exists, as alleged, and what good pur pose can be served by the court of cassation giving a decision without seeing it, since that is the only real proof, if any, of the guilt of Dreyfus. Tomorrow's sitting of the court of cassa tion is awaited with the most intense anx iety. Bonapartists Busy LONDON, Oct. 28.—The Rome corre spondent of the Times says: I learn that Prince Louis Napoleon, who was supposed to have rejoined his regiment in Russia, is still at Geneva, where he has raised, on special security, a loan of such di mensions as excludes the hypothesis of its being required for private purposes. Prince Louis has long been a candidate of the Bona partists for the French throne in preference to his brother, Prince Victor. Th« Army's Honor LONDON. Oot. 27.—The Pane corre spondent of the Daily News says: .(Continued on Page FM*4 ,* THE HERALD ENLISTMENT TANGLES ARE STRAIGHTENED OUT BY SPECIAL ORDERS Enlistments in the Regular Army Will Be for the FuU Term of Three Years WASHINGTON, Oct. 27.—8y direction of the secretary of war, Col. Thomas A\ ard. acting adjutant general, hns issued a general order in regard to tbe case of members of volunteer organizations Wr i enlisted there from in the regular army, it is explanatory of a previous general order issued in Sep tember last, prescribing that such men will be given credit for their service in the vol unteer army. The indorsement required by the regulations on the enlistment papers of men who have served in the volunteer army and subsequently enlist in the regular army, results a giving to such soldiers credit on the records of the department for time actu ally served in the volunteer service, but without intention that the terms of enlist ment or re-enlistment in the regular army shall be shortened by reason of volunteer service. According to the order just issued, such soldiers "begin a new enlistment in the regular army for the full term of three years, and their clothing allowance likewise begins at the first year's rates. The age limitation of 35 years for original enlistment in the regular army does not apply in such cases. The principal advantage, however, accrues to those who re-enlist in the regular army within three months from date ot dis charge from the volunteer army, ln their cases the time actually served in the vol unteers is added to the time served in the regular army in computing the soldiers' ser vice j from time to time." .viire enlistments and re-enlistments in ..ie regular army will not be governed by the same rules which obtained during the war with Spain. May 10th last Major Gen. Miles, with the approval of the secretary of war, issued an order announcing that "men enlisted or re-enlisted in the regular army during the war may be informed that they will be granted their discharges, if desired, at the close of the war, upon their individ ual applications." Major Gen. Miles today issued an order re voking the previous order and announcing that its provisions will not govern in the cases of men hereafter enlisted or re-enlisted in the regular army. Under this action enlistments or re-enlist ments in the regular army will be for a term of three years, regardless of the present status of the negotiations with Spain for peace. OTERO'S REPORT Renews the Demand for Admission of New Mexico WASHINGTON, Oct. 27.—Governor Otero of New Mexico, in his annual report to the secretary of the interior, vigorou. renews his representations tor the early admission of New Mexico to statehood, and portrays the undeveloped resources of the territory awaiting capital. He estimates the total population of the territory now at 292,900, including an Indian population of 75,900. Of the 1100 officers and men from New Mexico in the war with Spain, at least one-half were Nationa Guardsmen. The report embodies a letter from Colonel Roosevelt, written from San tiago under date of July 25,, commending the behavior of the New Mexico troopers in the Rough Rider regiment. The report lays special stress on the possi bilities of irrigation, and says all the water now uselessly running away shortly will be utilized to the highest degree. Meanwhile individual enterprise is erecting a multitude of windmills throughout the territory. A Market for Wine SAN FRANCTASCO, Oct. 27.—The Man ufacturers end Producers' association has received a communication from the Phila delphia Commercial museum relative to the Importation of wines Into Brazil. The eastern body is seeking to establish better commercial relations between Pan-Ameri can countries, and calls attention to the fact that, notwithstanding the large oon i Sumption of wines tn Brazil, ths climate LOS ANGELES, FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 28, 1898 LA BELLE FRANCE—"CAN I EVER TRUST HIM AGAIN?" being unadopted for domestic production, the United States has not secured any of the trade with the South American country. This ls chiefly due to the lack of direct and cheap transportation facilities and the Philadelphia commercial body urges the co-operation of the California producers to remedy this state of affairs. SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 27.—James Dun, chief engineer of the Santa Fe system, ar rived here today, after making a tour of Inspection of the construction work now ln progress on the line of the Valley road between,Stockton end Point Richmond. He was accompanied by Engineer Storey of the Valley rood. The progress of the work and the manner In which It is being done met with the approval of the Santa Fe's engi neer. The big Franklin tunnel, which will cut through 5600 feet of a spur of the Coast Range is now completed for a distance of 851 feet on the east and 1269 feet on the west side, or a total of 2120 feet. CONCORD, N. H., Oot. 27.-The Ameri can Missionary association today elected the following officers: President, Dr. F. A. Noble, Illinois; vice president. Rev. Henry It. Hopkins, Missouri; Rev. H. A. Stlmson, New York; Rev. H..A. Washlns> ton, Ohio; C. L. Meade, New York; re cording secretaries, Rev. F. H. Beard. Rev. F. P. Woodbury, Dr. G. J." Ryder of New York; recording and' honorary secre tary, Rev. Dr. E. M. Strllby, New York; treasurer, H. W. Hubbard, New York; auditors, C. N. Schsnek, New York, and A. M. Baker, Connecticut The closing ses sion was held tonight. WASHINGTON, Oct. 27.—Careful Inquiry at the naval department demonstrates the absolutely unofficial character of any such commission as that to be headed by Smith M. Weed, which waa recently at Nassau, N. P. 1., ln conference with President Heur reaux of San Domingo. It ls said that Captain Converse of the Montgomery may have taken Mr. Weed on his ship as a guest. So far as any proposition to buy or acquire Samana bay as a United States coaling station ls concerned, naval author ities declare there ls no truth ln the story. SANTIAGO DE CUBA, Oot. j7.-Oener*l Wood left here today on board the dispatch boat Hist, accompanied by his aide-de camp and clerical staff, for the purpose of visiting Mansanillo and to Instruct Colonel Petit to arrange the condliot of the civil business there. The French consul here has written to General Wood protestrtx against the order prohibiting the landing of negroes from Haytl. General Wood re plied that he could not allow any more pau pers here, as there were too many of them. LITTLE ROCK, Ark., Oct. 27.—United States Senator James K. Jones, chairman of the Democratlo national committee, satd this evening ln regard to the« pub lished statement that he had removed Mr. Harvey from the management of the af fairs of the ways and means committee of the national Democratic committee, that the whole story was a fabrication, without a semblance of truth In It. BERLIN, Oct. 27.—1n the elections now ln progress of secondary electors for choos ing the members of the Prussian diet, the scanty returns thus far reoelved point to Liberal gains, especially ln Charlotten burg, Dantslc, Koenlgsburg, Stettin and Kiel. The Socialists are also active ln the contest, for the most part supporting the' Radicals. A Double Hanging HOUSTON, Oct. 27.—At Richmond, Tex., Manuel Morris and Peter Autre, negroes, were hanged from a double gallows. Mor ris murdered and then outraged a 6-year old blind girl and afterwards confessed the crime. Autre assassinated his mistress. Silas Packard Dead wrew ru»a, ucr. u.— suae Packard, tbe well known educator and founder of Pack ard's business oollege, died today at his home tn this olty, 71 years of age. It Is True Plague ST. PETERSBURG, Oct. 27.—1t Is now recognised thet the epidemic prevailing at Samarkand is the true plague. The mor tality la high. Valley Road Work Missionary Officers An Unfounded Report Has Paupers Enough No Truth in It Prussian Elections A PRESIDENTIAL ORDER TO RESTRICT OPERATION OF THE CIVIL SERVICE LAW Something Like Six Thousand Places Made Available for Payment of Political Debts »v"ASHINGTOX, Oct. 27,—1t is under stood that a presidential edict, removing a large number of government offices from the civil service will probably be promul gated before Thanksgiving day. The order is one which has been in contemplation many months, having been deferred from time to time, owing to the pressure of war business. As at present determined upon, the order will affect upwards of six thous and places. It will include deputy collectors of internal revenue who are authorized to become acting collectors, actually serving in that capacity. There are about two thous and of these deputies, The largest class af fected is the corps of examining surgeons of the pension bureau, of whom there are in all over 4100. There seems to be a general understanding that it will be better to have these left out of the civil service, although Secretary Bliss, while understood to favor such action, would not recommend it. Over three thousand of these surgeons are stated at the civil service commission never to have been classified under the civil service law. ■The order will clear up the misapprehension as to the actual status of the whole, corps and place them all outside. About fifty of fice deputy marshals heretofore reported as classified, but concerning whose status there has been some doubt, because of their being in the judicial branch of the service, are expected to be placed in the exempt class. There are other scattering positions including some of a fiduciary and confidential character, whioh will aggregate possibly several hundred. AN INDIAN WAR Nineteen Bold Deputies Kill Five Renegade Indians BAKER CITY, Ore., Oct. 27.—A special from Canyon City states that a young man who was a member of the sheriff's posse has just returned to Canyon City with a report of a desperate fight which occurred between the whites and a renegade band of Indians. The nineteen white men and and five buck warriors were about forty feet apart when the battle began. George Cuttings, son of David Cuttings, received a ball in his left arm, the missile passing through his lungs. One of the Indians fought with desperate courage. After being repeatedly shot, he continued firing his rifle until it was empty, then fired his revolver until the muzzle dropped so low that the bullets struck the ground near the dying redskin's side. The posse, after a running battle, killed all of tne five Indians. Settlers have sen! to Canyon City for more ammunition, stat'n that the Indians are gathering around Ize in large numbers. The trouble arose over the Indians accus ing the whites of stealing horses. A Determined Suicide PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 27.—Nathaniel Chllds, press agent of the Way Down East company, which ls playing at a local the ater, committed suicide today at the Jef ferson hospital. He had swallowed 46 grains ot morphine, after which he shot himself In the head. Despondency Is given as the reason for the act. Mr. Chllda grad uated from Harvard ln 1860, and for sev eral years he was editor of the Boston Traveler. He entered the theatrical pro fession ln 1876, and wrote a number of plays. At one time he was advance agant for Hen ry Irving, and for ten years acted in the same capacity for Abbey, Schoeffel and Grau. Said So Before SPRINGFIELD. 111., , Oct. 27.—United States Senator Cullom said today, in an in terview, regarding the joint-traffic decision: "I can only say tjdat after the decision of the Supreme CouW in the Tranamissouri case I had no reasonable doubt as to the decision in the case of the Joint Traffic As sociation," SPANIARDS ARE SATISFIED That the Americans Mean Just What They Say CUBAN DEBT QUESTION 9S SETTLED Spain Agrees to Relinquish Sovereignty Over and All Claim to Cuba Without Either Terms or Conditions. Philippine Question Comes Next Associated Press Special Wire. PARIS, Oct. 27.—The Spanish peace com missioners have accepted the negative view of the United Suites commissioners towards the proposed assumption by the United States of the Cuban debt. The American commissioners have firmly but courteously declined to assume for the United States the entire or joint responsi bility for the Spanish financial conditions, and the Spanish commissioners have fiually abandoned the effort nnd have agreed that the Cuban article of the protocol shall, with out conditions, have a place in the ultimate treaty of peace. It was not until, Monday that they became convinced that the Ameri cans, who had at the outset made a refusal to accept the Cuban debt, meant exactly what they said. In spite of the fact that the Spanish com missioners had as a background of their ef forts doubts of succeedinb, their hope of doing so has been so keen and their conten tion has been so vigorously prosecuted that the final conviction of their inability to win their point brought the Spaniards such a chock and depression that consistently with these dispatches at the time there were grave doubts as to the continuance of the negotiations. In support of these statements is the fact that Senor Montero Rios, after Monday's session and on Tuesday last, would have re signed the presidency of the Spanish peace commission had he not believed that his doing so might have grievously shaken, if it had not unseated Senor Sagasta's govern ment. From this standpoint, if for no other reason, Senor Montero Rios maintained his position, and at yesterday's session, acting under the conviction arrived at on Monday, the Spaniards announced that they would forego further argument on the Cuban debt, and agreed that practically in the terms and absolutely in the spirit of the protocol, the article about Cuba should go forward to the final treaty. ♦ Thus Spain agrees to relinquish soy- -f v- ereignty over and all claim to Cuba ♦ ■f without either terms or conditions. -f t- All differences, if any existed, regard- -f ♦ ing Porto Rico and the cession of the -f ♦ island of Guam, wore also arranged by -f •f mutual understanding, and the com- ♦ ■f missioners found themselves well nigh -f •f touching the Philippine question, ♦ •f which will be taken up next week. 4 It should be said that the adjustments already accomplished will sand in the final treaty unless opposing views and positions ou the Philippine question should develop hereafter and bring to naught the efforts of the future and at the same time the results already attained. The session of the joint commissioners, which began today at 1 p. m., ended at i p. in. SOKE PHILIPPINE DEBTS Hay Be Assumed by the United States WASHINGTON, Oct. 27—The intimation conveyed by the American commissioners to the Spanish commissioners at Monday's ses sion of tbe peace conference at Paris that the position of the United States in respect to Cuba and the Cuban debt could not be re garded as subject to change, and consequent ly that the American commissioners will be ready to proceed with the discussion of oth er questions under the protocol, the Paris advices show, had a decided effect. The one concession as to Cuba that our commission ers will make will be the guarantee of tbe United States that life and property shall be secure in Cuba. This responsibility the United States will assume only until such time as a stable government shall be formed and be operative in Cuba. There will be no perpetual guarantee on this score. Undue significance has been attached to the dispatch of a special messenger from Washington yesterday to the President at Philadelphia. Almost every day a long re port has come by cablegram from Judge Day telling what had been accomplished; what the Spanish commissioners were seek ing and what the American commissioners propose to do at the next meeting. The Pres ident has gone over these reports very care tully in company with Secretary Hay and sometimes with military or naval experts, if the advice seemed to be necessary. Yes terday's report was very long, and to have reduced it to cipher code for the purpose ol telegraphing it to Philadelphia would have consumed more time and would have been less satisfactory in results that the ser vices of a messenger. As a vital stage had been reached it was thought advisable to not delay until the President's return and so Assistant Secretary Cridler's confidential clerk was sent to Philadelphia with the daily report. It is expected that the commis sioners will now take up the subject of the Philippines. The Araerlean commissioners have given this Bubject much attention, but so far it has never appeared before the joint commis sion, save in the shape of one spasmodical effort made by the Spanish at the very v ginning of the sessions to have the United States abandon Manila as a precedent to further negotiations on the subject of the Philippines. The American commissioners, among other things, have been looking into the subject of the Philippine debt, about which there is much ignorance at this end of the line. It is unlikely tlfat the same rule will be applied to that debt as was in sisted upon relative to the Cuban debt. In othu words, ii the United States annexes To do wan m4\ PRICE FIVE CENTS the Philippines, which seems now to be the logical outcome of the situation, it might be reasonably contended that at least so much ot the debt; as represented moneys expended for the improvement of the island should pass Lo the United States with title. Tho situation is regarded as materially different from that in Cuba, where the United States gains nothing substantial, but if we should annex the Philippines we should acquire a territory almost as large as the British Isles with a teeming population of more than 8,000,000. It will be for the Americans to ar range the details of the transfer of the Phil ippines to the United States, as it isespresa ly stipulated in the protocol that the disposi tion of the Philippines shall be arrangefl bjr the peace commissioners. Some Gallic Wisdom PARIS, Oct. 2".—After noting that yes terday's session of the Peace Commission did not arrive at any solution regarding the Cuban debt, the Gaulois says todny: The situation is extremely strained, owing to the increasingly aggressive attitude of the Americans, and it is even feared that if the Spaniards should not decide to give way on all points the negotiations will be broken off in the course of the next meeting. It jseems unquestionable that the near ap proach of the American elections plays a considerable role in the attitude of the Span ish delegates, who have supposed that gait* ing time would obtain better terms from their conquerers while just the opposite is happening." Continuing the Gaulois intimates that It the Americans continue to 6how l hem selves intractable toward the Spaniards, a re newal of hostilities may result, especially if the Spaniards declare that they have ar rived at the extreme limits of honorable concessions. The Caulois then adds: "We hope, however, thnt matters will ar range themselves, as we know sufficiently well the sentiments o£ the Americau nntion to be able to affirm that anew war would be received with disfavor by all men of com mon sense and the Peace Commission would, in bringing it about, assume heavy respon sibilities for the future." British Opinion LONDON, Oct. 28.—The Paris corre spondent of the Standard says: The government has good renson to believe that the United States intends to retain the Philippines on the ground that President McKinley must satisfy public opinion. The government believes that the American com missioners will argtio the necessity of thus deviating from the spirit and text of the protocol on tho ground that the condition of things in the island of Luzon and the archipelago renders it impossible for Amer ica to abandon her native allies or for Spain to re-establish her rule without heavy sac rifices of men and money, and finally be cause Spain could not be allowed to retain possession except under conditions unpala table to Spain and her colonial traditions. Spain, however, cannot yet believe she will be deprived of the Philippines without some pecuniary compensation in addition to the Philippine loan of 1890. Therefore upon the question of the Philippines the Spanish commissioners will make even a stronger resistance than they haTe made over the Cuban debt. ALASKAN ARRIVALS Bring News but No Oold From Copper River VICTORIA, B. C, Oct. 27.—The steamei Cottage City arrived tonight from Skaguay, Alaska with a large number of passengers, They report that the Yukon is now filled with ice anil that travel to Dawson is sus pended, it is also reported that a new lake has been discovered in the Atllin country, it is fully as large as Lake Atlin. The tugs Golden Gate of San Francisco and C. C. Cherry of Seattle arrived at Port Townsend tonight from the mouth of tha Copper river, with seven passengers, among them M, ,T. Garretty of San Franoisco, wbs has spent more than a year in a vain search for gold on Copper river. He says: "Na tive float copper has been found on Chitna river, 175 miles from the. mouth of Copper liver, and a party of fifteen will remain there over winter to prospect for the maia copper deposit." Niclioli, the talking chief of the Ccppei river Indians, claims to know the exact lo cution of a copper deposit, but lie refused oners of several hundred dollars to guide people to its location. Indians use copper for making bracelets and other ornaments and for cooking utensils, and the chief claims that the whites will limit the supply and thereby deprive many Indians of ths means of m iking a living. On board the Golden Gate is a Coppel river prospecting boat, which was built ol lumber whipsawed on the river. The boat is being shipped to Denver, Col., where it will be plated on exhibition. A Depot Site VANCOUVER, B. C, Oct. »7.—ln connec tion with the Hastings mill Are, a rumor is afloat that J. J. Hill, president of theOreat Northern railroad, has made an offer tor the site on which the mill stood. Thiols the only available and oonvenlent site tn the olty for a station, and many believe the report that President HHI was after it. Just a Pleasure Trip SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 27.—The United States transport steamer Indiana sailed this afternoon for Manila, having on board the First and Second battalions of the Kansas regiment under command of Colonel Fun ston. The men are not in the least crowded and the voyage will be a veritable pleasure tain.