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TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR. NO. 50. AN ULTIMATUM TO SPAIN To Be Given at Today s Meeting of the Commissions SHORT TIME ALLOWED FOR AN ANSWER Before Tuesday Night Spain Must Consent to the Cession of the Philippines or the United States Will Stop the Negotiations Associated Press Special Wire WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.—It is now thought to be certain that the com mission! at a meeting next Monday or Tuesday will do one of two things—either agree to the cession of tbe Philippines or note a disagreement and dissolve the meeting; for tbe administration' is not disposed to tolerate further delay and has so instructed the United States commissioners. The latter sent a long cablegram today in cipher. The deciphering occupiod the entire time of the official day, and meantime there were wild 1 rumors touching the na ture of its contents. As a matter of fact, it was nothing more than an ex tremely verbose statement of the Spanish side of the case relating to the Philippines. At tomorrow's meeting the Americans will call on the Spanish commis sioners to make answer to the American proposition to cede the Philippines and allowing until Monday or Tuesday only for ajfinnl and l responsive answer on that point, WORD RECEIVED PROM DEWEY WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.—News of a mixed character came to the navy department today from Admiral Dewey, touching the situation in the Philip pines. The admiral sent two of his ships, the Charleston and the Concord, some time ago to the southward from Manila, to ascertain whether there was any truth in the report that the Spanish had expanded their action in that direction. Following is the dispatch: MANILA, Nov. 18., 1898— Secretary of the Navy, Washington: Charleston and Concord arrived today from Iloilo. They report that the entire island is in the possession of the insurgents except the city of Iloilo, which is defended by the three Spanish troops. All foreign citizens there for American protec tion. The island of Ncgros has declared independence and desires American protectorate. DEWEY. NO ACTION TAKEN ♦ So far nothing has been done by the administration towards curbing the in- 4 4 surgcnts in their operations save verbal representations from the American 4 ♦ Commanders to Aguinaldo, in which it has been pointed out to him that it 4 4- would be good policy, in view of the probability of the annexation of the 4 4 islands by the United States, to pursue a course that would' not be obnox- 4 ♦ ioua to the United States, But the situation is now realized as critical. So far 4 4- as the Spaniards are concerned, perhaps they can be left to take care of them- 4 ♦ selves, but the foreign residents at Iloilo are differently regarded. + 4 The difficulty in the situation is that with! rife) best intentions to intervene 4 4 to protect the Europeans and other foreigners and to save the city of Iloilo, A r 4 the second in importance in the Philippine group, from looting, the United -f 4 states forces appear to be stopped under the rules of war from moving from 4 ♦ their present positions. Such is the construction placed upon the clause in -f ♦ the protocol relating to a suspension of hostilities. + 4 PARIS, Nov. 18.—The United States Commissioners are devoting the day 4 4 as they did yesterday to formulating their next presentation for the consid- ♦ 4 eration of the Spanish Commissioners. While the Americans aro reticent as to 4 4 their intentions, it may be said with reserve that the occasion is near upon 4 4 which the exact peace terms acceptable to the American Commissioners will 4 4 be laid before the Spaniards, with a time limit for their acceptance. 4 4 As previously indicated in the dispatches, the American Commissioners will 4 4 not involve the United States in any obligations to the creditors of Spain in any 4 4 shape or form. In other words, the Americans will not guarantee any of the 4 4 Spanish bonds, even if they have mortgaged as security the revenues of terri- 4 4 tory to be taken by the United States. 4 As set fortli in these dispatches on October 31st, and previously, the United 4 4 States may now balance its war ledger, debiting to Spain the value of the 4 4 battleship Maine, the cost of the naval and military operations, the losses in- 4 4 curred by American commerce and the future pension roll, etc., while on the 4 4 other side of the sheet may be placed Spain's equities and values in the Phil- 4 4 ippines. If a difference is found to exist in favor of Spain, this amount in cash 4 4 may be offered her by tbe American Commissioners at the next joint session 4 4 here. What this balance may be is not definitely known, but it may be about 4 4 190,000,000, or possibly less. The Americans may also require until next Mon- 4 4 day or Tuesday to prepare this final presentation of their ease, which was un- 4 4 derstood at the adjournment of Wednesday last. + SPAIN'S LAST ANSWER Has No Effect on the American Attitude WASHINGTON, Nov. IS.—The two points laid down by the Spanish commis sioners in the answer presented by them at Wednesday's session of the joint commis sion will not be permitted to change the attitude of the United States commission ers. These points were in substance that the Spaniards could not permit any ques tion to be raised as to authority of the Spanish government to pledge the resources of the Philippine loan and they could not permit an accounting of tbe methods in which the proceeds of this loan had been expended. There is reason to believe that the Spanish purpose is to conceal enormous defalcations by the Spanish officials who have governed the Philippines since the is sue of the loan. The ostensible purpose is to be able to plead inability to state what the "pacific expenditures" have been on ac count of the Philippines, which was all that the United States proposed to reimburse them for. Our government, however, in anticipation of such evasive dealings, has prepared the American Commissioners with instructions which exactly meet this case. They know approximately the value of the betterments in the Philippines, having as certained this from private but thoroughly reliable sources. Knowing this, they can afford to ignore entirely the efforts of the Spaniards to becloud the facts and will adopt the simple expedient of proffering a lump sum—as many million dollars as it is deemed fair and just tender for the Span ish properties, requiring and tendering no statement of calculation as a basts for the offer. Thus there will be avoided the danger of a long wrangle over complex statements of figures and the issue will be made with perfect clearness. It is believed that the Spanish commis sioners finally will accept this offer, though it is fully expected that once the commis sion reaches the point of naming the sum of money aud has left behind it all the irrele vant discussion touching sovereignty, the Spanish commissioners may make a deter mined effort to secure a larger allowance than the President has sanctioned. Judg ing, however, by the conduct of the Ameri can commissioncrship up to the point, there will be very little latitude allowed the Span iards in this matter, and it is believed that they have come to appreciate the fact that the American proposition is in the end just about what it was at the beginning, and that American diplomacy is straightforward at all points. The Philippine Policy WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.-Secretary of Agriculture Wilson, in an interview yester day, snid: "President McKinley's policy is to use ' ' ' I T T t -r v T ▼T-▼T T ▼ ▼ "T" T the Philippines to build up the Pacific Coa-t. He will use them to make Pacilic seaports important, and develop all tin in terests of California. The annexation of Ha waii was the first step in this chain of events. We will have the other stepping stone at -Manila, so we can build a cable for commercial uses. "This department has already begun the work of extending American commerce in the Pacific and improving business on the Pacific Coast. I have an agent now at work in tbe China Sea districts, finding out where the best markets are for American butter, meats and other products. When this agent has found out. the department will notify California producers of these products, and 1 shall be surprised if they do not proceed to fill these markets. In the Philippines the same thing will be done. The President will see that the Philippine ports are kept open for our ships. We will make easy, simple laws for the islands. "For the immediate future, the islands will be governed by a military government. Pol iticians will have no chance at them for a year or more." French Courtesies PARIS, Nov. 18.—There were three of ficial functions here yesterday afternoon and evening which aroused interest among the American Peace Commissioners. The first was the bestowal of tM Order of the fioldcn rHeece upon President Faure by the Queen Regent of Spain through the President of tbe Spanish Peace Commissioners, Senor Montero Rios. The second was a dinner UNITED STATES SENATORS WHO.WILL BE RETIRED MARCH 4 THE HERALD given by President Faure to Senor Montero Rios and his fellow commissioners. Finally at 9 o'clock last night, President Faure re ceived the American Commissioners, at the Elysee Palace, where there was a comic opera entertainment in their honor. There is some surprise expressed among the mem bers of the American colony at, the bestowal of the decoration upon the French Presi dent at the hands of the Spanish Peace Commission at this moment, and others are asking themselves whether the entertain ment at the Elysee Palace was to be re garded as a sort of compensation to the Americans, whose sensibilities may have been wounded by the bestowal of a Spanish decoration upou M. Faure before the con clusiou of peace negotiations. STATE PRESS CLUB Meets in Annual Session and Elects Officers SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 18.—The Cali fornia State Press association met in annual session last night at the rooms of the San Francisco Press club. President Carpenter of the club welcomed the delegates, and his address was responded to by President Daniels of tbe association. Remarks were also made by W. 11. Mills, General Chip man and several of the delegates. The an nual election of officers resulted as follows: resident, Reginald Bacar of Santa Cruz; secretary, W. D. Pcnnycook, of Valle jo; treasurer, G. M. Francis, of Napa. Direct ors: E. 15. Willis, Sacramento; C-.L.Owen, San Jose; A. 11. Lemmon, Santa Rosa; J. A. Fileher, Auburn; S. M. Haskell, Pomona, C. B. Whiting, Colusa; W. C. Brown, San Rafael. The annual reports were ordered printed. Tomorrow will be devoted to sight seeing. REINA MERCEDES Is One of the Ships That Can Be Raised SANTIAGO DE CUBA, Nov. 18.—Lieu tenant Lucien Young of the Hist reports that it is practicable to raise the iormcr Spanish cruiser Reina Mercedes, sung on June Oth near the entrance of Santiago harbor during the engagement between Ad miral Sampson's fleet and the Spanish ma rine land batteries. He found I hat she had been sunk by opening her sea valves; that iier bottom iv other respects is in good con dition and by simply plugging the valves she can be pumped dry and raised. A Masonic Reception SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. IS.—Reuben H. Lloyd, recently elected most eminent grand master of the grand encampment of Knights Templar, was honored tonight by a public reception at the Masonic temple and a ban quet at the asylum of tbe California com mandery. Prominent Masons from all parts of tbe state were present. LOS ANGELES. SATURDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 19. 1898 HOME RULE FOR HAWAII WITH A REPRESENTATIVE IN CONGRESS Distance From Seat of Power Makes Necessary Greater Local Free dom of Action CHICAGO, Nov. 18.—A special to tiie Tribune from Washington says: It is probable that the report of the Ha waiian Commission will favor a more liberal form of government for the islands than has generally been expected. The members have favorably considered a proposition to give the islands a repre sentative in tho House with a vote, in which regard he would rank with the Representa tives and not with the Delegates from Ari zona, New Mexico and Oklahoma, who have the privilege of talking but not the right of voting. The government suggested for the islands will, in all probability, be an advance on the present organized Territories, but of course will not contemplate Statehood. Sev eral members of the commission go to the extent of believing that Hawaii should have representation in the Senate, though prob ably without a vote. This feature, how ever, may not appear in the report. The distance of the islands from the seat of government necessitates the granting of more power for local government than is given to the present organized Territories, but the Governor and other important offi cers will, of course, be appointed in Wash ington. Hawaii having come into the Union by treaty and not by conquest, there will be no military government, as in tbe case of Porto Rico and the Philippines, but a civil power will be created from tbe start. ln a general way, the courts and ordinary machinery of the Federal government will be extended to the islands without much al teration, but provision will probably be made for a certain degree of local control of taxation and expenditures. There will be a suffrage based upon edu cation and property qualifications, and the members of the commission believe they have evolved a system of colonial govern ment which will reserve full power to the President Congress and at the same time prove sufficiently elastic to give the governing classes in the islands control of local improvements and the direction of colonial affairs. BUMPED INTO A POST When the Hawaiian Commission left this country the President instructed them to keep in mind the possessions acquired by the war, and the government which will be recommended for the Sandwish Islands will serve as a model for that of the Philippines and Porto Rico. A LIVELY FIGHT For the Presidency of the Miners' Association SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 18.—There will be a red-hot light for tbe presidency of the California) Miners' 'association, whose annual convention will be held in this city beginuing on Monday next. Hon. Jacob 11. Neff, who has been presi dent of the association since its organization, and who could have the office again for the asking, has declined absolutely to accept a renomination, having been elected lieuten ant governor of California. Of tiie others whose names have been mentioned as likely to aspire to the office of president in case Mr. Neff should withdraw, Colonel Geo. Stone, Robert McMurray and Edward Coleman have declined to run. This would have left William C. Ralston as the only remaining candidate of prominence, had not Julian Bonn tag, the present secretary of the asso ciation, declared today that he had entered the lists, and would make the strongest light he is capable of. Health at Honolulu WASHINGTON, Nov. 18.—The. following report has. come to the war department from General Merriam, at San Francisco, com manding the department of California, dated yesterday: "Adjutant General, Washington, D. C.s Reports from Honolulu to November 9th, General King's detachments boarded the Arizona on November 7, leaving 100 sick in hospital. Arizona was still anchored out side of the harbor for observation of men with reference to typhoid. General King himself ill, but disease not reported. Sur geon reports 292 cases in hospital, 65 being typhoid and 40 malarial fever; remainder convalescent or other diseases. Eight deaths are reported in the First New York regiment. Lewis Cass' Daughter NEW YORK, Nov. 18.—Mrs. Henry Led yard died In London on Wednesday night, aged 80 years. She was Miss Matilda Cass, daughter of the late General Lewis Cass, who was for many years governor of Michi gan, where Matilda Cass was born. Gen- oral Cass, who was a veteran of the war of 1812, was secretary of war in Jackson's cabi net, was the Democratic candidate for presi dent in IS4B (running against Zachary Tay lor), represented Michigan in the United States senate, as well as having been its governor, and was secretary of state in Buchanan's cabinet, resigning his portfolio when the president refused to reinforce Fort Sumter. MEN MASHED AND MANGLED By the Millstone Local on the Pennsylvania Line THE GUARD SET GIVES FAIR WARNING The Whole Gang of Workmen Avoids a Freight by Jumping in Front of a Passenger Train Running Forty Miles an Hour Associated Press Special Wire NEW YORK, Nov. 18.—In the gloom of smoke, storm and fog that darkened t*ie rails <if the Pennsylvania railroad this morning between Jersey City and Harrison, a belated suburban train dashed into a gang of workmen, killing eleven ami injuring four. Five others had remarkable escapes. All the victims lived iv Jersey City. They were: DEAD FRANK BODOSKI. GUISEPPE COLASURDO. THOMAS FLANNAGAN. THOMAS DOHERTY. JOSEPH FAGGEA. MICHAEL LAWLESS. NICOLA LUCCI. FRANK LUDOWSKL ANGELO PUGGO. FRANK SLUMISKI. GUIBEPPE STINZIANO. THE IN.Tt'RF.D LAWRENCE HOFFMAN. MICHAEL MILLER. FRANK SWANZKOWSKT, who will die. JOHN WANGODEN. " TIIE SCENE OF DISASTER. The accident happened about two and a half miles west of Jersey Pity, just beyond the Hackpnsaok river bridge. At that point there are four tracks, two devoted to pas senger and two to freight traffic. At the north are the shops and tracks of the Dela ware, Lackawanna and Western railway. Foreman Quirk took out a gang of 19 men at Ba.m. to repair track No. 4—the westbound freight track-at that place. Quirk saw that the fog might mean danger, so he sent ahead two men, Lawless and Doherty, to give warning of approaching trains. Lawless was to go west and Doherty east and cover all the tracks. They were to shout warnings at the approach of trains. The passenger tracks were kept busy wifli incoming suburban trains, and the smoke and steam from these trains helped to make the atmosphere more dense. THE WARNING GIVEN Suddenly, about 8:30. there was a shout from Lawless, who was the advance guard of the gang. "Train on No. 31" he cried. It was an easthound freight train that came along slowly, leaving behind it a heavy pall of smoke. The men, who were scattered along the track, jumped out of the way. Almost all of them jumped over on to track No. 1, the eastbound passenger track. The heavy smoke enveloped them, and the men, many of them new hands on the road, shivered with fright, for they could not see and could scarcely hear the approaching trains that followed the freight. Lawless, too, had jumped across to track No. 1, keeping all the timea sharp lookout. THE AWFUL RESULT Suddenly there were a rumble of wheels nnd the shriek of a whistle. The Millstone local, delayed by fog, was coming along at a rate of 40 miles an hour. Lawless was struck and thrown 30 feet away, mangled and bleeding. On went the train. Engineer Van Nostrand had scarcely noticed the man's body Hying through the air when the engine struck Doherty; then it plowed into the mass of cowering men who stood hud dled together on the track. "It was an awful sight," said the engineer later. "There was a mass of legs and arms and heads flying through trie air. I was drenched with blood. I knew that some thing terrible had happened and put on the air brakes as hard as possible. When the train came to a standstill the passengers rushed out. "The track was covered wtih blood. The meadows and the track looked like a bat tlefield covered with bodies. The shrieks of the dying drowned the cries of the horri fied passengers. Women fainted and men turned away in horror. Of the 19 men, 9 were dead and 6 wounded. Some one telephoned quickly to Jersey City. Many of the bodies, still writhing in mortal agony, were placed on. the train and borne to tbe city. Tv/o of the wounded died on the way. A relief train brought back the others." IN lOWA WILTON. lowa, Nov. 18.—Twenty-two men were more or less injured in two rail way wrecks near here today during a heavy fog. In a head end freight collision on the Hock Island at Moscow Brakeman John Donahue was fatally burned, Brakeman Mar shall Miller had a leg broken, and three other trainmen were seriously injured. Don ahue did not long survive. His injured comrades are being cared for by the company's surgeons. Just after the Moscow accident a construction train, which left here to clear tha wreck, was struck by the fast mail train. The crew of tbe mail train failed to see the signals. The construction train had on board about 20 men, including section hands and citizens of Wilton going to the scene of the Moscow wreck. Of this number 17 were more or less seriously injured, were killed. IN COLORADO rUEBLO, Col., Nov. 18. —Passenorei- train No. 11 on the Denver and Rio Grande from Denver, earring roaches for the Missouri Pacilic, ran into a freight train six miles north of Colorado Springs at 5:28 this afternoon. The engineer of the passenger train nnd the fireman of the freight train were slightly injured. PERKINS BANQUETED By the Priends He Made in San Praneisco SACRAMENTO, Nov. IS. —A number of prominent citizens of Sacramento tendered a banquet tonight at the Sutter club to Senator Perkins, who made many warm friends during Ids residence in this city years ago. A large attendance was present. Frank Miller presided and addresses of welcome were.made by Dr. G. 1. Simmons, William Schaw and H. Weinstock, sketching the success achieved by the guest of the evening in the various walks of life from his youth up. Senator Perkins responded feelingly, tes tifying his appreciation of the welcome and outlining his opinions on the subjects of ex pansion and the Nicaragua canal. Congress man Marion de Vries was also called on and gave his views on the same subjects. Both ihe speakers were enthusiastically received and the affair was a decided success. OVERDUE SHIPS Whose Owners HavrJ Almost Given Up Hope SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 18—Three ships bound for Pacific coast ports from the Orient and New South Wales are consider ably overdue, and it is thought in the cases of two of the vessels there is little hope of fsffddfdf PRICE FIVE CENTS their ever being heard from again. The vessels are the Laurel Bank, seventy-nine days out from Shanghai for Portland, Ore.) the Valkyrian, 100 days out from Newcastle, N. S. W., for Iquique, Chile, and the Sa moena, 58 days out from Nagaski, for As toria, Ore. Locally, reinsurance on the fleet, according to Mr. M. A. Newell's figures, has reached 00 per cent on the Laurel Bank, 68 per cent on the Valkyrian, and 40 per cent on the Sarnoena. The Laurel Bank is not considered a good risk, nor is the Valkyrian. All of the overdue vessels are under ths British flag. WILLIAM'S TEMPER Was Not Improved by His Trip to Jerusalem BERLIN, Nov. 18—The news that Em peror William is to return home by a roundabout way without touching at Vienna or Berlin has created a sensation in political circles, as it is interpreted as being a con firmation of the recent indications that the relations between Germany and Austria are less friendly than they have been. His majesty's avoidance of Berlin is supposed to be due to his displeasure at the abandonment of the projected festal reception. The au thorities at Potsdam, however, are prepar ing to give the emperor and empress a bril liant welcome on their return home. Fire at Louisville LOUISVILLE, Ky., Nov. 19.—Fire broke out at 2:15 a. m. in the five-story building at 611 Main street, occupied by the Wm. F. Merrill Chemical company. The fire is now blazing fiercely in the upper stories, and, in view of the inflammable contents of ths building, is liable to prove a disastrous one. Tons of water were poured on the flames. The entire stock of goods in lienz, Bowles & Co.'s establishment is doomed. Fire and water are playing hovac with it. The esti mated loss is about 875,000. The Most Famous Keeley PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 18.—John W. Keeley, the inventor of the Keeley motor, died today at his home in this city from pneumonia. He was taken ill on Saturday last and continued to grow steadily worse until his death. Mr. Keeley was 61 years of age and leaves a widow. The Pope Approves LONDON, Nov. 18.—The Rome corre spondent of the Daily Chronicle says: "3k! very important pontifical document is about to appear, expressing the pope's full appro bation of the democratic and liberal tenden cies of thai Catholic eburch in the United I States.