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TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR. NO. 74. THE TWO GREAT QUESTIONS Which the Senate Will Be Called Upon to Solve THAT Of TERRITORIAL EXPANSION And the Construction Under the Control of the United States Government of the Nicaragua Canal —Debate On Both is Begun Associated Press Special Wire WASHINGTON, Dee. 12.—Discussion of two questions, each of importance r.ml inter est at this session, was begun'by the senate at its session today. Territorial expansion ami the construction of the Nicaragua ca nal occupied the attention of the body dur ing the greater part of the afternoon. As soon a.- the routine morning business "had been disposed of Mr. Vest of Missouri called up his resolution offered last wick, declaring it to be unconstitutional for this government to acquire foreign territory ex Otpt for coaling stations or sonic like pur pose, unless its intention was to confer Statehood upon the territory and citizen ship upon its inhabitants. Y<st declared vital it was a basic principle of this govern ment that "the powers of the government were derived from the consent of the gov erned" and maintained that the Federal government hud no authority cither in mor tis or in the constitution to go beyond that principle. He held that the principle had Been sustained by the supreme court in various decisions and that no public man of prominence nor recognized tribunal had ever been reckless enough to controvert it. Morgan eipeneel the elebate on the e-anal bill with a three hourts' appeal (or action at this ses-ion. The whole country, he said", woulel be disappointed if congress elid not act. He was willing to take any measure which would result in the building of the canal. In the course of his remarks he agreed to accept an amendment specifically excepting the canal from neutrality with re gard te> any country with which the United State- might be at war. Anti-Expansion WASHINGTON, Dee. 12.-In the Senate today Mr. Hoar anil Mr. Hale presented res olutions of citizens of their States re monstrating against the extension of a sov ereignty over the Philippine Islands and against the acquisition of foreign territory without the consent of the people of such territory. The resolutions were referred to tin 1 Committee on foreign Relation*, Mr. Pettigrew introduced a bill authoriz ing M. A. liartlett to rai-o the battleship Maine anil transport it to the United States. Mr. Ifoar introduced a resolution for a committee to prepare and carry out plans for the celebration of the centennial of the city of Washington as capital of the United Stnles. Mr. Hoar introduced the following reso lution : "That the commit toe on Military Affairs be Instructed to inquire anel report as soon as may be, whether some policy may not be etsablished by law, by which soldiers in the regular army who have families or parents depending on them for support, or whose education or opportunities tor business will be seriously interferred with by longer con tinuance in- the military service, and who enlisted for the war, or under assurances that they would be held only while the war lasted, may be promptly discharged and their places, so f.-ir as necessary, be filled with new recruits." The Question of Power Mr. Vest (Missouri) then called up hi* resolution offered last week, declaring the constitution confers no power on the federal government to acquire territory to beheld anil governed permanently as colonies, and addressed the Senate thereon. He elid not propose, he saiel, to eleranything that would necessitate a secret session, as lie had no intention to discust any treaty now pending or which was to be proposed here-after to be offered. It seemed to him peculiarly appro priate to elise'iiss- the powers of the United States government under our constitution. "When the principal law officer of the government," saiel he, '"says the constitu tion is too small feir the present conditions of our government it seems to me time to impure what that constitution it." Mr. Vest said: "Our forefathers fought for four years against taxation without rep resentation." He declared that the United Stales~u preme court had settled that question for all time; that the overwhelming argument of the expansionists was that the constitu tion applies alone to the states of the Union. In favor of wiiat he termed'"this monstrous proposition" he said the expan sionists quoted Daniel Webster, for whose opinions he himself had the highest respect. The argument of Mr. Webster referred to had been made in a debate with John C. Calhoun when slavery was a dominant issue. Mr. Calhoun hail maintained that inasmuch as slavery was recognized by the Federal constitution its extension into the territo ries acquired by the Union of states was constitutional. Then it was that Mr. Web ster had declared that the constitution ap plies to the states alone. "To say," declared Mr. Vest, "that citi zens of a territory are excluded from the privilege* guaranteed by the bill of rights, and are merely the subjects of the arbitrary will of congress, is a monstrous proposition; but fortunately the supremo court has de termined that question in many t-ases. "I do not deny," continued Mr. Vest, "the power of the federal government to acquire territory peopled with millions without their consent, anel with no intention of con ferring upon them citizenship. 1 may be answereel that the point is not good; it may be evaded by the taking in of vast tracts eif lands peopled with barbarians to be held merely for commercial advantages. When the congress of the United States shall he come so degraded as this, it is only a qucs' tion of time until the end shall come. "We are a great people," concluded Mr. Vest. "We are tolel that this country can do anything, constitution or no constitution. We are a great people, it is true, hut we :annot x do more than another great people 1 did—a people that conquered the world not • with steel ships and modern cannon, but with bare swords and primitive galleys The colonial system destroyed all hope ol 11 puiilicanism in the old time. It is an up ,ii iidage of monarchy. It can exist in no free country, because it uproots and clinii ; nates the basis of all republican institutions 1 —that governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed. I know not what may be done with the glamemr of foreign conquest and greed ol .the money-making classes of this country For myself, I would rather quit public life this minute—nay, I would be willing toyiclel life itself—rather than give my consent to this fantastic and wicked attempt to rcvolu ; tionize our government and to substitute the principles of our hereditary enemy fot the teachings of Washington anel his asso ciates." PLATT'S position Mr. Piatt of Connecticut, in expressing the j hope that Mr. Vest would not ask for im -1 mediate action upon his resolution, said he ; desired to offer some remarks upon it, but ! was not prepared today to do so. He did 1 tiot, he said, acquiesce in the law as statcel by the 1 Missouri senator. He believed that the power to acquire territory was inherent 'in the nation, and was not subject to liniita jtion. In the remarks he proposed to suh- I mit he would endeavor to establish this j belief. He thought it perfectly evident that lif the United States, in fighting a war, came I into possession of territory, the progress ot ! its army ami navy could not be stopped until !the constituted authorities should declare 1 whether it was the purpose of the govern ' ment to hold the acquired territory with the ultimate intention of conferring statehood j upon its inhabitants. In response to an inquiry by Mr. Hoar. [Mr. Piatt eleclnreil that the power of the , government to acquire territory was full anel I plenary. To this proposition, unless it were accom panies! by declarations as to the purpose of the government with the territory acquired, which purpose shoulel be within'the power of the constitution to confer. Mr. Hoar said 1 he desired to enter his emphatic dissent. THE CANAL BILL Morgan called up the Nicaraglian canal bill, which was read' in exten-o and Turpie thereupon suggested to Morgan the advisa bility of postponing the consideration of the bill until after January 1. He called atten tion to the fact that, the president in his message suggested, that matters should re main in statu quo until the report of the canal commission was made. It was an open secret, he said, that the commission would report the first of the new year. The report would deal with question.stimellyand vitally important in connection with the bill. It would report officially- upon the feasibility of the enterprise, the practica bility of routes and the estimated expendi tures, The work of the commission had cost a quarter of a million. Why not wait? Why go it blindi? Morgan -aid. that the country hadireached a conclusion upon this question and would not be satisfied, he thought, to see this ses -ion pass without the enactment of legisla tion which would secure the building of the canal. Hoar suggested that the clause relating to the neutrality of the canal should be amended so as to read: "Except as to nations at war with the United states." Morgan said he would accept the amend ment. Xo senator should vote against the bill on this account. Morgan said the president, in whom con gress! bad so wisely and.confidingly entrust ed a fund of $50,(100,01)0 to be used "at his discretion" could certainly be trusted to hear anel de termine the objections of Nica ragua or Costa Pica or the stockholders of the Maritime Canal company. Morgan said his phi\ was for action. This, bill diel not seek to build thecahal. It simply placed the question in the hands of the president. In reply to a question, Morgan said that he> did not believe it woulel be competent for the I'nited States, independent, of any corporation, to proceed to the construction of the canal under the treaty of 1807. At the conclusion of Morgan's speech, the senate at 5:10 p. m. adjourned. Nominations WASHINGTON, Dec. 12.-The president today sent these nominations to the Sen ate: War—Regular army, cavalry: Captains to he Majors, Charles A. P. Hatfield, J. B. Kerr, J. R. Dorst, George Sanderson. First Lieutenants to be Captains: Lester W. Cornish, R. R. Rivers, John R. Lock wood, Henry T. Allen. Second Lieutenants to be First Lieuten ants: Infantry—Samuel P. Lyon, William T. Schenck. Medical Department: To be assistant surgeons with rank cf First Lieutenants— Clyde S. Ford of West Virginia; James B. Church of District Columbia; H. A. Ash burn of Ohio; E. A. Dean of Tennessee; R. 11. Wesredge of Iowa; F. M. G. Usher of Kentucky; S. L. Steer of Pennsylvania; W. P, Trilby of Pennsylvania; E. P. Wil liamson of Missouri. Treasury—To be assistant surgeons in the marine hospital service: J. W. Kerr of Ohio; Qustave A. Corput of Georgia, Dan E. Robinson of Ohio. IN THE HOUSE No Quorum Present and No Business Done WASHINGTON, Dec. 12.—Frank A. Mc- Lain, who was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of the Lite Representa tive Love, of Mississippi, took the oath. THE HERALD Mr. Grout (Republican), Vermont, intro duced the District of Columbia bill and gave notice that he would call it up tomorrow. The House then under the rules pro ceeded with District of Columbia business. After disposing of several district bills, Payne, Republican, of New York, called up a bill to amend the laws relating to the pro lection of American seamen. He explained that it would do away with some of the evils of the allotment system, under which sea men have been defrauded'of their earnings; the pupnishment of sailors by imprison ment is greatly lessoned.; masters are re quired to ship with a full complement of men; the food which the men are to receive is stated, and punishment by flogging is abolished. There was some discussion on the bill and amendments were offered by Handy, Demo crat, of Delaware. At 4:50 p. m. it was suggested .that no quorum was present, and the house ad journed. IN COMMITTEE Oen. Miles Explains His Army Re organization Plans WASHINGTON, Dec. 12—Major-Gen era] Miles appeared today before the House Committee on Military Affairs for hearing relative to the proposed reorganization and increase of the army. Three bills for this purpose are pending, one drawn by General Miles anel introduced in the Senate, and the Hawley Bill and another introduced in the House by Chairman Hull of the Military Committee. At the outset, General Miles ;ielelrcsseel himself to the general neeei of in creasing the army without reference to either bill. He said he had always favored the establishment of a fixeel standard for the army. The experieue'e of the last year, he saiel, had demonstrated that the present military establishment was inadequate to maintain our position as a first-class power. It was necessary to consider both our military requirements' at home and those in the new colonial dependencies abroad and also the rapidly increasing demands made by our sea coast fortifications. The latter, as far as completed, required some 185 bat teries of artillery, and when the entire in crease in coast defenses was completed, 365 batteries would be required. The war with Spain had shown pretty clearly how many men would be required, General Miles said. The war had required 52,000 men for actual field operations at various points. Of these, 22,000 men went to Manila, 20,000 to Cuba and 10,000 to l'orto Rico. These men were actually in the presence of the hostile army. Since then there had been reinforce ments for garrisons and other purposes. At the same time the General pointed out the necessities at borne must not, be overlooked, the entire frontier had been stripped of troops during the late war, and complaints were coming in that the lives, families and property of those along the frontier were jeopardized by this condition. In particular, there were fears of an out break in the Sioux country because of the absence of troops. It wa3 not desirable, therefore, to withdraw our forces from the frontier so as to leave them defense less or to invite disorder. These considerations, &aid General Miles, bad led him to recommend a standard of one soldier for 1000 population at home with the native troops, on a basis of two native soldiers for every 1000 population. "If we are to be a first-class power in the world," proceeded General Miles, "we must have a military system adequate to meet our responsibilities the world over. I believe in making that system so small that it will not be a menace to the American people and nt the same time large enough to make it adequate for any emergency." LOS ANGELES, TUESDAY MORNING, He believed that one soldier to 1000 pop ulation would give an army entirely ade quate for every need. It would give an ■army of according to the last census, and about 75,000 on the estimated popula tion of today. In addition to this force, the use of the native troops would make an ef fective body in the several colonies. "And if we are to keep the Philippines, and I have no more idea that we will give up Manila than we will give up Hunker Hill or any other place immortalized in our history, then this native force will largely augment our own troops there, and I un derstand the natives are ready to enter upon this service." General Miles then explained in detail the bill draw n by him. 'ihe hearing took quite a spirited turn when several of the Democratic members of the committee began cross-questioning Gen eral Miles. In response to questions, General Miles said that about 40,000 men were needed abroad and ;i5,000 at home. At the afternoon session General Scho field, who preceded General Miles in com mand of the army, devoted his chief atten I tion to the friction inevitably arising be tween the secretary of war and the com manding general under the present system. This had occurred under the command of General Scott, who removed his headquar ters to New York to avoid differences aris ing with the war department. It occurred also during the command of General Sher man, who went to St. Louis to avoid fric tion. The trouble arose out of the system which gave the head of the army the name of commanding general, when in fact he had little or no authority or even influence, as commanding general. Whether lie does anything depends largely on his personal relations with the secretary of war. Jt these relations are not close then the secre tary of war gets to ignoring the so-called commanding general. In that event the ad jutant general became a more important of fiicial thap the commanding general. Gen eral SchofUld urged that one of the most essential features of army reorganization was to give the president absolute power fo select his own commanding officer. In stead of creating the permanent grade ot lieutenant general, he favored giving the president authority to select at any time a lieutenant general, the officer occupying that position retiring to his former grade. The ti 1 tie also should be that of general-in chief instead of commanding general, as that would better express the idea that the heaei of the army was the executive officer for the president and secretary of war. Gen eral Schofield also urged that the heads of all staff bureaus should)be subordinated to the general in charge. Considering the size of the army under present circumstances, General Schofield said he estimated a need of about HO.OOO for the Philippines, 15,000 to 20,000 for Cuba, ,5000 for Porto Rico, 15,000 foi manning and caring for fortifications, 10,000 for the Indian country and 15,000 as a reserve. He did not believe in underes timating the seriousness of our task in the Philippines. After General Schofield had concludeel General Miles said he did not approve the suggestion that the head of the army be an executive officer of the president. Dur j ing most of the time of the lust 100 years the army had been under the command ot a general or a lieutenant general, and that was the practice the world over. General Miles saiel he did not speak from a personal standpoint, as he was ready to bt retired at any time, but he believed in the principle of a rank and authority com mensurate with the responsibility. Bills Introduced WASHINGTON Dec. 12—Representative Hepburn of lowa introduced a bill authoris ing the president to acquire by purchase from the states of Costa Rica and Nicaragua AN INFLATED NOTION DECEMBER 13, JB9B full ownership, jurisdiction and sovereign ty of such land as may be desirable and necessary to construct and defend a ship canal. The president is also directed to construct such a canal, and the bill appro priates! $140,000,000 to complete it. Representative Hepburn also today in troduced a joint resolution proposing an amendment of the constitution as follows: "No new state, the territory of which wa.l not a part of the United States, and under its jurisdiction and sovereignty on the first day of January, IS9B, shall be ad mitted into the union, unless three-fourths of the members elected to each house of congress shall vote affirmatively for such admission." Representative McClellan of New York today introeluced in the bouse a bill for the reorganization of tlie army. It wan drawn after consultation with many army officers, and it is supposed to represent the ideas of the younger element of the army. It makes some very radical changes in the staff, and has some novel features l . It consolidates the adjutant general's department and the inspector general's department in the gen eral staff, absorbs the ordnance depart ment into the artillery corps and abolishes the signal corps, transferring the duties of that corps to the engineer corps anel the officers to the infantry. It aelopts the cav alry strength of the Jliles bill, the artillery strength of the Hull bill, anel the infantry strength of the Miles bill. One of the new features is a requirement that all officers of the general staff shall perform a tour of duty before each promotion, which woulel give them line duty at least every ten years. This is the German method. BRYAN RESIGNS War Department Officials Notified of the Colonel's Action • WASHINGTON, Dec. 12.—A1l • • doubt respecting the intentions of • • Colonel Wm. J. Bryan were removed • • by the receipt by the War Department • • of a telegram from him stating that • • he had mailed his- resignation of his • • commission as a Colonel and that it o • willi be approved by the division and • • corps commanders. c • The War Department, of course, • • cannot act upon the resignation until • • it conies formally to hand, but there • • can be no doubt of its acceptance. It • • is supposed at the War Department • • that the Lieutenant-Colonel of Colonel • • Bryan's regiment will succeed him in • • the colonelcy* • Received and Accepted WASHINGTON, Dec. 12.—The written resignation came to hand at the war de partment this afternoon by mail, and was immediately accepted, notice of that fact being telegraphed to Colonel Bryan. ONE SHIP RAISED The Isle de Cuba Added to Dewey's Fleet MANILA, Dae. 12.—The Itja de Cuba, one of the ships sunk by Admiral Dewey in the battle of Manila on May 10th last, and he subsequently caused to be raised, started for Hong Kong today under her own steam. She is of 1030 tons displacement and 2200 I indicated horse power. Captain Whiting, formerly of the Monad nock, has relieved Captain Glass of the Charleston. The latter has gone home sick. The Raleigh leaves for home on Thursday via the Suez Canal. As the result of an altercation before a fruit stand yesterday, a California volunteer was stabbed and two natives were shot dead. A fireman on the Buena Ventura jumped into the river from a launch. His body was not recovered. THE FEDERATION OF LABOR Begins Its Eighteenth Annual Convention BRITISH REPRESENTATIVES PRESENT President Gompers in His Opening Address Pleads for a closer Brotherhood of Labor and Bitterly Opposes the Policy of Imperialism Ajsoolated Fress Special Wire KANSAS CITY, Mo., Dec. 12—The eighteenth annual convention of the Amer ican Federation of Labor met this morning. About 150 delegates from all parti of this country were present; also William Thorne and William Inskip of London, representing the British Trade Union Congress. Dele gate Inskip's mission is to plead for a closer alliance between the United States and the mother country along industrial as well as political lilies. The work mapped out for the opening day included the committee re ports, the seating and rejection of contested delegates, of which there are several, und the annual address of President Samuel Gompers. President Evans of the Kansas City Com mercial Club welcomed the delegates, Presi dent Gompers responding. GOMPERS' ADDRESS After disposing of the usual preliminary j matters of organization, Mr. Gompers de livered his annual address, which was re ceived with much enthusiasm. Mr. Gompers, referring to the growth of "internationality," said: "With the view of a closer bond of sym pathy and unity among the organized work ers of the different countries, correspond ence with many of them has been main tained and entered into with a number of others. From the officers of our affiliated unions come satisfactory reports that they are in closer touch witli their fellow trade unionists everywhere, and it is additionally gratifying that the mutual recognition, ex change and acceptance of union cards is be ing adopted internationally. "With each step taken in the direction to cement the bond of fraternity and the recog nition of the principle of solidarity in the' national labor movement, we shall not only help to bear each other's burdens, but con tinue to make those burdens lighter, and be the lever for more international brother hood of man, when the wars of the nations shall be a thing of the past, and the song of the poet, the dream of the philosopher, and PRESIDENT SAMUEL, GOMPERS the hope of the philanthropist and humani tarian be achieved. ''Our fraternal delegates to the British trade union congress, James Duncan and Harry Lloyd, report that the greetings which they received at the hands Of our fellow trade unionists abroad were of a marked, generous and gratifying character. We have with us today returned fraternal dele gates from the British trade union congress to our convention, William [nskip and Wil liam Thornton, men who have given the best years of their lives to the organization of the workers and the uplifting of the masses of labor. "For the first time, the convention last year elected fraternal delegate to the trade and labor congress of Canada, Thomas 1. Kidd, who, too, reports the cordiality of his greeting and the interest in his mission. Our Canadian fellow unionists have honored us by electing a delegate to attend this con vent ion in the person of D. A. Carry." Under the head of "no duality—greater federation," he said: "As a result of the engineers' strike of Great Britain, com bination and amalgamation of union and closer federation of all, is the one point to which the labor movement there is at present directed and duality of organization in one trade, claiming equal jurisdiction in one trade, so long prevailing in Great Britain, is fast passing away. Our declara tion of no two organizations of one trade, claiming equal jurisdiction, can exist without conflict and injury, the principle long ago recognized and established of one union and one trade, has been taken as the slogan of the labor movement of Great Britain, and we shall soon see a solidified army of labor there upon the most perfect lines to achieve success. "And this state of affairs teaches us a lesson, too, more in struggling for the up building of national and international trade unionism and also for maintaining the *\ tegrity and entity of the trade union and with the development of industry and the concentration of weaith it becomes the bounden duty of our trade unions to not only morally but financially concentrate their efforts in a battle, offensive and de fensive, when any allied organization is en gaged in conflict." Referring to the Pennsylvania and Vir den strikes, Mr. (Jompers said: "The operators' sought to break their agreement and the strike by importing a horde of ex-convict negro cheap laborers from Alabama, placing them under an armed guard of Pinkerton thugs and hire lings. That bloodshed would ensue when an ignorant mass of men was armed to do the bidding of characterless men could eas ily be foreseen. Governor Tanner recog nized the band of armed men as contrary tto the laws of the state and forbade en trance to otlhtrs, and finally, appreciating the strained condition of affairs, he de clared martial law and insisted upon the disarmament of all." He concluded this paragraph with a states- V_ ATLANTIC p -__LT /103r»«: — 7 * c J PRICE FIVE CENTS in-. Dt that matters are taking a better form there, with the promise of a satisfactory settlement. Mr, Gompers staled the objections of the federation to the policy of imperialism and expansion as follows: "We cannot annex the Philippines'with out a large increase in our standing army. A large standing army is repugnant to Re publican institutions and a menace to the liberty of our people. "If we annex the Philippines we shall have to conquer the Philippines by force of arms and thereby deny to them what we claim for ourselves—the right of self-gov ernment. "We shall surrender the present safe and independent position by which we are guar antied the fruits of peace and force our selves into European and Asiatic entangle ments, implying war and the preparation* for war. "We .-hall seek to conquer by force of arms instead of by our own industry, com merce and superior mentality and civili zation. "We shall l)t> compelcd to open the gates and admit the Chinese, Malay* and slave labnrers who may come from 'our new pos sesions,' since the constitution of t-ho United (States forbids the interdiction of the free entry of the men and'their products between ail our states and our territories. "The policy of imperialism is a declaration that self-government has'failed and that the people cannot be trusted l ; that the dollar is of more consequence than man and plutoc lat'y and militarism nobler than humanity. "The attempt to divert the attention of our people from the ills from which we suf fer at home to foreign questions, will fail. "It has always been the hewers of wood an<l the drawers of water, the wealth pro ducers, whose mission it has been, not only to struggle for freedom, but to be ever vigilant to maintain the liberty or freedom, achieved; and it. behooves the representa tives! of the grand army of labor in conven tion assembled, to give vent to the alarm we feel from the dangers threatening us and our free people, to enter our solemn and emphatic protest against what we al ready feel, that with the success of the pol icy of imperialism, the decadence of our republic will have already set in." Mr. Gompera reported that 880 local unions were chartered during the year and there are now affilliated with the American Federation of Lnbor 67 national and inter national union?! with 10,000 local unions at tached; ten, state federations, 82 city cen tral labor unions and trades assemblies, 313 local trades unions having no nationals, and 100 federal unions. On the subject of the eight-hour workday Mr. Gompers says: "Should industrial conditions warrant, it is suggested! that every effort be made by the incoming officers, in co-operation with the trade union movement of the country, to inaugurate a genenal agitation and move ment for universal introduction of eight hour or shorter hour work day." gompers' re-election Although there seems to be no doubt that Mr. Gompens will be re-elected, a fight will be made against him by a small faction headed by Isaac Cowen and Max Hays of Cleveland. "1 would fight against- Gompers," said Cowen in an interview- today, "if it were the last thing J had to do on earth. Gompers is entirely too conservative and slow. We have not selected, a candidate yet. but shall do so. He will be a representative of up to-date socialism." At the. afternoon session a; number of eommitces were appointed and the consid eration of routine business- was begun* Tonight many- of the delegates attended a ball given in their honor by local trades unionists. Building Trades Council KANSAS CITY. .Mo., Dec. dore S. Jones, of Kansas City, President of the National Building Trades Council, called the second annual convention of that organi zation to order this morning at labor head quarters. All parts of the country are rep resented. The convention will be in ses sion for about four days, and one of the most important questions to be brought up will be the establishment of a joint board ol arbitration, to lie composed of master builders and members of the Building Trades Council, whose office shall be the settlement by arbitration of all disputes and grievances between employer and em ployes. There will be no attempt at con solidation with the American Federation of Labor, according to the statement of General Secretary-Treasurer W. H. Steia beiss of St. Louis. A Clerical Conspiracy NEW YOKE, Dec. 12.—The Herald's cor respondent in Guayaquil, Equador, cabled that the clergy in that country are again actively conspiring to re-establish the re ligieius duties laws which obtained under colonial conditions. The clergy are also endeavoring to prevent fur: her work on the new railway line which is being built by an American syndicate and which will invade some of the districts in which they have great influence. C. F. Hagen Dead NEW YORK, Deo. 12.—Christian F. Ha gen, traffic manager of the Ward steamship line, a member of the Maritime and Pro duce Exchanges, and widely known in rail road and steamship circles and in Mexie*) and Cuba, is dead at bis home in this city, aaed 42 years.