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The Herald "the herald publishing company, WILLIAM -V. SFAI.IUNQ; President and Manager. ~ ' US SOUTH BROADWAY Telephone Main 247, Business Office and Subscription Depart- Main U6, Editorial Local Departments^ = RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION Dally, by carrier, per month ' H Daily, bjr mall, one year J YY Dally, bp mall, six months ' ™ Daily, by mall, ihree months ; " Sunday Hersld, by mall, one year JE Weekly Herald, by mall, one year ~««.......«».««'*'.*yM^-»_g *~ p6sTAaE _ RATES _ ON THE HERALD 18 pages 4 cents S3 pages * SUJ! M pages « cents 28 pages 1222*5 £4 pages Scents 16 pages "i t„. 12 pages -j^itii^L-^^^AL-"^°A. EASTERN AGENTS FOR THE HERALD A. Frank Richardson, Tribune building, N«w York; cnam ber of Commerce building. | L _ TEN DOLLARS REWARD The above reward will be paid for the arrest and canvlc.lon of any person caught stealing The Herald afttr aslivery to a patron. — •e•e••••••••ee••••••••• # • CIRCULATION STATEMENT I • • William A. Spalding, General Manager of The Herald • • Publishing Company, being first duly sworn, deposes ana c • says: That the average dally circulation otith* Los An- • • les Herald for the six months ending Sept. 30, 18»S, was • • Daily Herald 5.546 • • Sunday Herald 10J43 • s WILLIAM A. SPALDING. • • Subscribed and sworn to before me this 7th nay of Oc- • • tober. 1898. G-A DOBINSON • « (Seal.) Notary Public In and for the county of • « Los Angeles, sitate of California. • TI'ESDAY, DECKII HER 18, lSf>B. The announcement of a successful issue in negotiations with Spain is quickly followcel by a report of failure in negotiation with Canada. The work of the joint com- Imission of the United States and Canada lias been overshadowed by affairs at Pari-. For weeks representatives of the two coun- OUR CANADIAN NEIGHBORS tries have been laboring to solve questions of great moment, holding dnily sessions in Washington city, and the present status of the proceedings is so unpromising that an adjournment is pro- posed until next March. In many respects the issues involved in our relations with Canada are of more importance to the United States than all the phases of the Spanish question combined. On several of the points which it is now desirable to settle, there has at times been dangerous friction. There are sore spots that must be per manently healed to avoid serious inflammation. Canada is only a stripling, but territorially she is as big as the United States, and the watchful and jealous eye of the mother country is al ways upon her. It was hoped that two most desirable objects might be at tained by the joint commission. The first of these is the adjust ment of disputed points of long standing, and the second a ba sis of future reciprocity. In the boundary line of several thou sand miles, between the two countries, a considerable portion is an imaginary line running through the great lakes. Ameri can lake commerce is expanding so enormously that it needs but little foresight to perceive dangerous friction, at almost any time, in view of the obsolete character of existing treaty stip ulations. The fisheries question on the Atlantic coast, the seal ing questiem in Bering sea. and many other subjects, containing elements of danger, were intrusted to the joint commission with the hope that means would be devised for their final and lasting settlement. So far as the trade relations of the two countries are con cerned, the most important issue, of course, is reciprocity. Can ada is a field of almost illimitable natural productiveness, and much of it responds profitably to agriculture. Ihe United States is the natural market for most of their vast resources. On the other hand, Canada makes no pretense of being aide to compete with the United States in manufactures. Our neigh bors eiver the border want our manufactures, and we want their products. In order that the exchange may lie made in manner Satisfactory to both parties, a carefully prepared reciprocity treaty is essential. Under present conditions there is perpetual grumbling on both sides of the line. The inability of the com mission to reach an agreement is therefore regrettable, but there js, of course, hope that all the knotty problems involved may be solved after the proposed adjournment. The relations of Can ada and the United States are so intimate, in blood relationship, intermingling of population and business interests, that an as surance of future harmony would be hailed with satisfaction by both countries. History is full nf instances of devoted patriotism, but not many of them parallel the career of Calixto Garcia. All his mature lifetime, more than a third of a century, was given to the service of his unhappy and cruelly oppressed country. It was not an ordinary life of military ser- THE DEATH OF GARCIA vice. Garcia's career, while fighting fur liberty in Cuba, was like a prolongation of Washington's in tlio darkest period of the American revolution. The gloomy outlook of a winter at Val ley Forge stretched out to years, under different climatic condi tions, in the almost hopeless struggle of poor Cuba. The grandeur of Garcia's patriotism can only be appreciated when we remember that in the long period of Culm's struggle there was never a bright rainbow of hope until it appeared in the north, in the far distance. It was the same rainbow that gladdened the heart of Washington when he got the news that Rochambeau and deGrasse, with French soldiers and warships, were on the way to York town. We can hardly imagine the feel ings of Garcia when he heard the glad tidings, less than a year ago, that the. great republic had at last been aroused by the imploring appeal of Cuba. It was fortunate that Garcia's life was spared long enough to see the fruition of all his sacrifices for his beloved country. It is only to be regretted that his days were not prolonged to the time when he might see Cuba an independent and prosperous republic. Hut the name of Calixto Garcia will hereafter shine brightly in the pages of history, among the names of the world's most heroic patriots. ta :~ ~i, i,~« l. _ 1.1 _ i.1 i n .,, __ « ,i , , It is altogether probable that Bryan will resign the colonelcy of the Third Nebraska volunteers. In whatever way he may re- tire from the military service, it will be the subject of comment by the Republican press, as Bryan's movements are closely watched, and no opportunity is permitted COD. WILLIAM J. BRYAN to pass for saying discouraging things of him. Colonel Bryan has had no opportunity to display gallantry in the field, and had he been in the Santiago or Porto Rico cam paign, he would not have had sufficient rank and command to enable him to evince a great degree of military skill. One thing he has demonstrated, and it is that he is patriotic, and willing to devote his energies and sacrifice life if necessary for his coun try. Volunteering as an enlisted man, then taking Ihe colonel cy of a regiment which was tendered him without solicitation on his part, were not only commendable, but conscientious acta for one who had recently been the presidential standard hearer of one of the great political parties of flic country. It is true that he had bad no military training or experience, but such qualifications were not recognized as necessary in many appointments which were made. A notable case was that of Garretson, who could not have been appointed brigadier general on account eif experience <>r conspicuous ability, and whose appointment Was made wholly on account of his olose re lations to Hanna. Retirement from the service by Colonel Bryan, through res ignation, cannot be justly criticised, for the war is at an end, and the service hereafter will be the dull routine of governing and policing Cuban towns. It is a work that any man of reason able abilities can do. The government does not need Bryan's services in such a field It is best for tho country that a man oi such unusual talents as Colonel Bryan possesses should devote himself to the work of aiding in the solution of the many impe>r tant economic and social problems with which the American people are now wrestling. Generous political opponents would commend Colonel Bryan Cor the alacrity with which he respond ed to the call of the country, and offered to serve in any sphere to which he might be assigned, accepting the humblest, which was the only one within his volition to select. He has not sought to aggrandize himself: on the contrary, he bus modest ly performed whatever duty has fallen to his lot. The reduction of interest rates, by New York savings banks, indicates an abundance of money available for loans on gilt edged security. The law governing learns by such banks is very stringent. They are restricted to improved real estate and government, state and municipal bonds. CHEAP AND DEAR MONEY By investing in bonds they cannot usually get as much as the interest they pay to depositors, and hence real estate mort gages give the only chance for a margin of profit. The amount of money always at hand, for investment in first-class mort gages, is so abundant that the rale- of interest are very low. Here in California the conditions are similar respecting loans on high-grade securities. Los Angeles, for instnne-e, borrows all the money it needs at a fraction less than four per cent. If the owner of first-class improved real estate wants to bor row money on mortgage he can do it at a very moderate rate. If the property grades very high, with large and substantial income, a still lower rate ran be obtained. But while there is abundant money nt hand for investment in gilt-edged security, there is none for the borrower whose property lacks the gilding. There are hundreds of household ers in Los Angeles barely able to make ends meet under or dinary circumstances, who find themselves confronted with as sessments for street Improvements. The admirable system of time allowance presents immediate hard-hip in stub payments, but if a person ele-sires to pay his assessment, and to borrow money wherewith to do it. he soon finds that cheap money is for the rich, not for the poor. Let the owner of a small farm, on which he is making a bare living, seek a loan wherewith to improve the productive ness of his land. If he succeeds at all the rale will be double what a rich man would have to pay, with high-class security to offer. An attempt to overcome this hardship to the poor man, in the matter of interest rates, has been started in Canada, and is said to promise good results. Money is to be advanced to farmers, and perhaps other householders, under government auspices, at lowest possible rates. We arc not advised of de tails of the plan, nor of the scope of its application, but it woulel seem that it might be feasible. There certainly ought to be some way whereby the owner of a modest property might borrow money at less than the usurious rates he is now obliged to pay in California. While we are contemplating improvements in the equipment of our fire department, it is well to keep advised of new ideas cropping out elsewhere. We notice that an interesting experi ment has just been made in New York with rubber tires for fire engines. It seems to have been a complete success, and all the rolling stock of the department is likely to be similarly provided. A five-ton engine was selected for the experiment, und the response to a call is thus described in the Xew York Even ing Post: "The engine was soon in the street, dashing towards Sixth avenue. The whistles shrieked and the bells rang, but there was none of the old rattle. The engine glided along like a bicycle, with very little vibration. Into Sixth avenue it dashed, and even took the car track sideways, something that often means an upset. The horses didn't seem to feel the load behind them, and the captain and his engineer and driver were greatly surprised. The tire was reached in safety, and if suc ceeding trials are as successful the rubber tires will be adopted. Ibis, it is said, will reduce the expense for repairs by one-half.' From Havana we learn of the transfer of the ashes of Colum bus from the cathedral to a vessel bound for Spain. Even the Paris peace commissioners would not object, as there is a great deal of uncertainty as to the place where those ashes really rest. Havana's claim to them recalls an incident in the life of P. T. Barnum, when he was operating his museum in Xew York. His personal friend. Litterateur Gaylord ( lark, was much interested in Barnum'a wonderful accumulation of curiosities. One morn ing when Clark made his accustomed call, on the way down town, Barnum joyfully announced that he had secured the club with which Captain Cook, the famous navigator, was killed. "I am glad you are no longer behind with that feature," solemnly remarked Clark, "every other museum has it." The first experiment in irrigation, in the Twenty-eighth ward! of Brooklyn, is not likely to make, the system popular in the big borough of Greater New York. The bursting of a four foot water main caused a flood that inundated twenty blocks, "washed out the foundations of houses, tore down trolley and telegraph poles, imprisoned people in their houses, and nearly drowned some who were caught in the flood." If Brooklynites would like to live in a country that is immune from such calam ities, they should lose no time in buying tickets for Southern California. We observe that our peace commissioners "have been almost overwhelmed with oilers of dinners in England, prompted by the desire of prominent Englishmen to emphasize the Anglo-Ameri can entente.'' It is pleasing to know that they will decline the tempting invitations and remain in Paris until sailing day for the United States. A sudden change from the daintiness of French cooking to the heaviness of the English menu might cause internal complications more difficult to manage than the protocol. It must have been a touchingly dramatic incident, that nf the Pasaelena minister appealing to the storekeepers in his con gregation, "calling one of them by name, not to sell marbles to boys who played 'for keeps.' " It is distressing to learn, in Los Angeles, that Pasadena boys are addicted to such terrible wickedness. When the wicked Los Angeles youngster find himself yielding to such temptation he merely goes to the near est cigar stand and "shakes" the proprietor for cigarettes. France is justly alarmed by the official information that the French race is running out. During the past year there wore fifteen thousand less births than in the previous year. Worse -tillthe population of France now contains a less number of able-bodied persons than it had thirty years ago. After Sedan. Xapoleon sadly said, in allusion to the grand army he thought he had to lean on,' It was only a shell." Is the nation approach ing the stage of Louis Napoleon's army?" From San Diego a remarkable storm is reported as having occurred in the mountain region thereabout. The wind was so heavily charged with electricity that 'some of the aged people suffering with rheumatism were suddenly relieved of their pain, and walked about like other people." This looks as if lightning might supply the long-felt-want of a cure for rheumatism. When Consul Fitzhugh Lee left Havana, last spring, he was jeered at and otherwise insulted until he was out of reach of Spanish invective. He is again about due at Havana, this time as Ma jor General Lee of the United States army, and prospective military governor of Cuba. Incidents at the reception will prob ably differ from those which marked the leave taking. As a matter of news we announce that there is an opening for a litterateur in Peeking. At least we suppose so from the fact that the dowager empress ordered a member of that guild to be beheaded for being too pernicious wit h his pen. We suppose application should be made in writing to the dowager, endorsed •to fill vacancy/ It was a very touching interchange of courtesies, the dining invitation of the American commissioners to the Spaniards, and the declination of the latter for the reason that acceptance might be misconstrued at Madrid. It is possible, however, that the Spanish commissioners thought there might be dietary danger in suddenly breaking off from the late standard diet of crow. LOS ANGELES HERALD: TUESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 13, 1898 DOWN THE LINE Walter Parker has returned from San Francisco, where he saw most of the Re • publican politicians. Parker Gives a He is convinced that Bulla Pointer Mr. Bulla's chances of success are better than ever. "I believe that Mr. Bulla has an excellent show to win the senatorial elec tion," said. Mr. Parker yesterday. "There cent succession of events in San Francisco has done him good and no harm." Mr. Parker was very reserved in his statements as he always is,'and said a good many things that would make good reading, but which unfortunately were told under the seal of confidence. The best things that one gets are too often those that cannot be told, o o o Here is one that can be told and will be appreciated by several men in the political lield locally. 1 was Cline's Corner talking about the re on Cards cent city election with a bunch of pol iticians yesterday, and the conversation turned on the gas company's position. "Why, Cline got out and fought Katon plainly and without any pretence on elec tion day," said one of the group. •'Well,! would rather have him do that than not to know what side he was on," said another. "Don't you know that Cline has thrown more candidates' cards in the sewer than any twenty men in the city? Why, it is a tale that is told how when two men were running for the council Cline's man would go to one and say: "Mr. Cline sent me to get some of your cards; he wants to do what he can to help you along. Then after despoiling tliu pleased candidate of a pock etful of cards the emissary would go to the fellow's opponent and tell him the same fairy talc. Why, if Cline could make gas out of cards he has collected this way he would not have to buy coal for a year." The story is given lor what it is worth. Mr. Cline may or may not be as diplomatic related, but the man who recounted it be-' lieves it a fact. o o o All of this talk about Dan Burns not being able to get the senatorship is tommy rot indulged in by The Same p. nie who do not Old Burns know the power of a Republican boss or the present conditions. It all depends whetiier Burns will make the mistake of abandoning the control of the Republican party in the state for the sake of being senator. Politics is nothing more than ap plied mathematics with men as the factors. A little figuring will tell the tale. A Re I publican caucus of eighty odd members will decide the matter if there is a caucus, and if Burns wishes one he has votes enough to force one. Forty odd votes in the caucus will name the next senator. Colonel Burns has fifteen right in the San Francisco dele gation, with whom he can do as he pleases. Then with the Alameda and Sacramento delegations and outside members there is no room for possible doubt about his abil ity to get the votes if he wishes them. An outsider cannot estimate the strength of such a man as Burns. Here is Senator Sig Bettman, who is supposed to be seeking rest at Catalina with Mr. Blinker Murphy. Mr. Bettman told a friend recently that nothing in life could give him the pleasure that a vote for Colonel Burns would afford, and Bettman is but one of a very large class in the legislature. And what is the matter with Burns? He was a good enough Republican' to take the wins when Mr. Markham wanted to be governor and who then gave orders which were taken and fol lowed by ail factions of the party herea bouts. Colonel Burns was then appreciated by the G. O. P. managers—a great, good and lovely man, and he is the' same Colonel Burns now that he was then; his methods are identical now with those he used to project Mr. Markham from Pasa dena to Sacramento, and if he chooses to apply them to his own projection from Sac ramento to Washington, why this wailing and gnashing of teeth and lamentation from the tower tops of the newspaper offices? o o o But I think Colonel Burns ha= too much sense to give his control of a party up to the satisfaction of an Jove Yet ambition which will to Nod give him more of a name but less power. I know as a positive fact from the very best source possible to obtain information from on such a subject that up to Saturday he had not made up his mind as to what course to pursue, although he had then every as surance that he could have the place if he would say the word. It is an even bet that he will not be a candidate and that he will say so in a very short time, but it is a sure shot that if he is not a candidate he will name the successful man, and his name will not be .Michael Henri De Young nor United Syndicate Grant. o o o And Attorney Walter Bacon has gone to S.m Francisco, it is rumored, to fix Grant's fences up, after the Bacon Done sirocco which pros to a Turn trated them last week, when the tri umvirate fell to pieces. Mr. Bacon has se cured, it is reported among politicians who favor Grant, support for his candidate from half a dozen different states and heads of big corporations. How true this is or how foolish such accusers are, is another ques tion, but there is no telling to what ex tent Mr. Bacon's wonderful powers of per suasion can go. The story now is that lie is in consultation with Mr. Htrrin and Mr. Sprockets, and that he hopes to have Mr. Huntington order his San Francisco polit ical bureau to pitch in for (irant. If Mr. Grant and Mr. Bacon knew what some of the members of the legislature think of their attempts to have meddlesome people and influences from the east take a hand in the fray to come off at Sacramento they would feel far different from tho confidence they now affect, Mr. Bacon, who is credited with the "postal card" incident of the guberna torial campaign for the defection of San Diego county He-publicans in the state vote, for the mixing in of Senator Steve Klkins, Committeeman Dick Kerens, the adminis tratlion, Mr. Huntington, the Btillman and Hubbard end of tho Southern Pacific, the Santa Fe and halt a dozen other influences which have no business in such a contest, has not so far made any coup on which he can claim to be any thing more than a mild sort of political hoodoo. TIIK GOSSIPKB. Jonesmith- I thought your theo«opbica) society was such a success, and that since it was discovered that one of your mem bers was Henry Ylll., reincarnated, the whole society had taken a new lease of life. Billbrown—Well, tilings did go along nicely for a time, until we admitted a mem ber who immediately discovered that she was the reincarnation of one of Henry's executed wives. Things got awfully hot. our society split into two factions, and finally the whole thing collapsed.—Judge. SPIRIT OF THE PRESS Ammunition for Democrats Secretary Alger has supplied' an issue upon which the Democracy enn appeal with confidence to the national judgment. By asking for over *166,000,«tK) for the support of the regular army in time of peace he has raised tWO questions that touch the heart and the pocket of every American, citizen who tloes not profit by legalized injustice and oppression. These questions are: Shall the United States be more heavily taxed for military purposes than any other country on earth? Shall this unheard-of.burden of taxation be carried almost exclusively by people of small means, while the wealth our armaments protect goes t'ree?-*New York Journal. Shafter and His Friend Alger It may not have been exactly right from a military point of view for Shatter to su bordinate everything else to a desire to please his civilian chief, audi hence his con spicuous absence from the front has been severely criticised. It must be admitted, however, that any other line of conduct would have looked like a personal reflection on one to whom tiring lines are believed to be exceedingly obnoxious. —Washington Times. Country Solons Ruling Cities We see in Vermont, where there are no large cities, the same determination)Of the country to rule the town that we (md in New York, Illinois and other states that have large urban communities. In many instances the agricultural sections of a state have an undue preponderance of votes in the legislature, and use it to tyrannize over and in some cases to plunder the cities- Washington Post. Equally Fatuous aud Impudent Anel now comes the expected cry, "Ratify now, debate afterward." It is from a New- York organ, of the administration. The fatuity of the jingo aggregation is only ex ceeded by its impudence.—Springfield, Mass., Republican. Straining at a Gnat While we are bothering about the atlmi- sion of Mr. Roberts, the I'tah polygamist. to n seat in the house, how about the two senators who are under indictment for crime in their respective states?— Minnea polis Times. Soldiers Not the Only Heroes No watt ever developed incidents of truer heroism than were exhibited by those who had opportunity to render assistance to those in danger and in dire distress along our coast in the recent storm. —Manchester Union. Don't Cheapen the Flag The movement to secure legislation to p'-cent the use of the United States- Hag for advertising purposes or its desecration in other ways ought to succeed. Congress should pass a law for that purpose. FIRST ANNEXATION ACT READY FOR CONSIDERATION BY CONGRESS A Question Easier of Solution Than the Future of Other New Territory WASHINGTON, Dec 6.—(Special Cor respondence to The Herald). The Hawaiian bill has been completed and sent to the president, who will consider it and, then for ward it to congress. In view of the fact that it is the tirst measure of the kind tor thirty years and is also the first of the new annexation acts, considerable interest at taches to its provisions. It has not yet been made public, but certain things in re gard to it are nevertheless known. It may be positively stated that it pro poses no open door policy and no taritt be tween the Cnited States and Hawaii. The islands will become an actual part of the United States and absolute free trade will be inaugurated with them. For teh rest, the laws of Hawaii will be changed as iillie as possible. The commissioners' report will disappoint those who hoped tor a new dis pensation and a new gospel. With the ex ception of coolie restrictions and changes in tariff, the alterations will practically not ex ist. "Hawaii," said a member of the com mission today, "has a body of law that has been devised by Anglo-Saxons like ourselves, and that has been trimmed and pared and adjusted to the conditions existing there. It would be presumptuous to think that we could improve on it at such short notice. Our aim has been to see with how little change we could get along, and not with how much." Some very distinguished Republicans nre still not determined in their minds as to the right of the United States to maintain tariff* against its colonies after annexation. These gentlemen, however, will not air their doubts for publication at the present time, preferring to wait for the. future to guide them. They all agree, however, that the colonies may be held by the military until the president gets ready to turn them over to congress. In this connection precedents are being looked up by the international lawyers in the state department. One of the lirst of these is that of Flor ida. Of the cession of that territory, Whar ton says that it "was held by the secretary of the treasury, whose opinion was sanc tioned by the attorney general, that under our revenue laws its ports must be consid ered as foreign ports until they were estab lished as domestic by act of congress. Texas was speedily malgamatcd, just as Hawaii will lie, because it h""d been or ganized by Americans, and its Jaws already approximated to our own. lint in Louisi ana, California and the rest of the Mexican conquests, the movements were much more gradual anel the military occupation lasted much longer, during which they were treated us foreign countries. It follows that Porto Rico and the Philippines will not become domestic territory until congress acts. How long it will be expedient for that body to defer action is another epies tion. THII VOLUNTEER ARMY, it is ju-t beginning to dawn on congress that the president's message contains a veiled threat not to muster out the volun teers until a force of regulate has been au thorized to take their place, Doubtless the idea is that the friends of the volunteers will bring pressure to bear on congress and hasten their return to their homes and work. The threat is contained in the recom mendations lor the increase of the regular army. The president says: "It is my pur pose to muster out the entire volunteer army as soon as the congress shall provide \ A Smoking Jacket \ k Would be nice for you to give him, or if he does not smoke 3 14 give him a Lounging Jacket—it's all the same—some- | * thing he is sure to appreciate. Our assortment is the finest 5 * in town. Take a look at them. | i A Bath Robe .. \ Comes in very handy, and every gentleman enjoys one. j| 1 Just as many Bath Robes as Smoking Jackets. See them. 5 I j i MULLEN, BLUETT & CO. r&STU, | m We do not believe there is a single gentleman who X smokes that would not enthuse to find a box of m m Cigars in his Christmas stocking. They are generally W W admitted to be very superior by judges of good W W tobacco. Give him cigars. || 208-310 8. Spring St. Wilcox Building §& gggggggfggj_ ! The Dinner of the Year | : j Naturally you expect your Christmas dinner to be I I somewhat out of the ordinary. Has your wife ever suggested a New Cook Stove? An unreliable I Move always gets "cranky" when you hope for the most ot it. No fear if you have one of ours. See us about it now. 1 Jas. W. Hellman em* 157 to 161 North Spring Street SS— g |=§§§|§|i§|j| ; — a CONSUMPTION CURED Z&ygS.* 0 * Private Sanitarium. Keport ol c*se« test lree. 413i< Booth Spring St.. Lot Angels*. OsL I for the increase oWhe regtdar establish ' ment." The president says nothing in this connection of the peace treaty, on whose signature his power to hold the volunteers and even to continue the present increase of the regulars will lapse, and it is pointed out that if he has the power to retain the volunteers after that is signed for any longer time than may be necessary to mus ter them out, he has the power to retain them indefinitely. Of course, neither congress nor the peo ple has any desire to be unreasonable, and both are perfectly willing to continue the present army for a short time after the peace treaty is signed, if that shall be con sidered necessary. Hut the members object seriously to any retention based on their action or non-action. Amos Cununings of New York, for instance, says: "The vol unfeers should be released immediately on the signature of the peace treaty. They enlisted to fight and not to do garrison duty. They are needed at their homes, where many of their okl positions are open to them, but will not remain so king. 1 say this, although I believe that the regular army should be increased to 100,000 men." It is further pointed out that there are eight regiments of regular cavalry and nine teen regiments of regular infantry now in the United States-. Four of these cavalry regiments and five of the infantry are now concentrated in the south with the expec tation of being sent to Cuba, but the rest are all available for service. It is difficult to see what excuse the president can find for retaining these at home and for sending volunteers who do not. wish; to go to Cuba and the Philippines. GOVERNORS IN CONGRESS There are now three governors* in the house of representatives, two of them Dem ocrats and one Republican. They are W. A. Stone of Pennsylvania, J. D. Bayers ot Texas anel Benton McMillin of Tennessee. All are men of strong character who have made their mark in the national arena. Governor McMillin knows the tariff like a book and keeps a sharp watch on young Mr. Bailey, the present leader of the Dem ocrats. Reed does not like McMillin, but was compelled to put him on the ways and means and the rules committees by right of his ability and long service. If the- speaker had known how close a watch he was keeping on the doings of his friend, Mr. Bailey, he- might have braved Demo cratic wrath and turned down Mr. McMil lin. Years ago McMillin was supposed to be doomed to an early grave, but he followed a strict regimen iv exercise and diet and finally won to health and strength as he has so many other things—by sheer deter mination. His hair is growing thin now, but his indomitable spirit knows no fatigue. It is a somewhat curious fact that the fates seemed to have indicated Mr. McMil lin for congress, in 1874 .ludge Fife was elected to the house from Tennessee, but died within a month. A special election was called, and a Mr. Headi was chosen, but also died before congress assembled. Then Mr. Kiddle was chosen, hut he also died some two years later. Finally Mr. McMillin was chosen, and has held the place for twenty years. Judge Bayers was born in Mississippi, but has lived in Texas since 1851. He was elected to congress in 1884, and has served consecutively ever since. Since Randal] died he has been, at the head of the Demo cratic membership of the appropriations committee. When the troubles with Spain.grew acute Jast spring the gubernatorial campaign had just opened in Texas, and his rivals began making the hottest sort of fight. Judge Bayers was told that he must come to Texas at once, or that he would lose the nominas lion. But he declined to do so. He pre ferred to fail in his ambition rather than to leave Washington at such a crisis. But when the convention met e.n August 2 he was named with acclamation. W. A. Stone has servetl four terms in. con gress, where his strongest part has been in opposition to immigration. He objects with all bis might to the horde of aliens that have poured into Pennsylvania, and have driven the native Americans out of employ* ment there by mean* of their ability to live on almost nothing. CRITTENDEN MARRIOT. Silver in India To the Editor of the Los Angeles Heraldj There is nothing new in your discovery that certain economists like Jlr. Gilfen an in favor of the gold standard for England and the United States, while they believ« in free coinage for India. This seeming inconsistency is easily ex> plained, by the conditions prevailing in In« dia. You quote Giffen. as stating that the re> son of his' plea for free silver coinage for In dia is owing to the vast silver "hoardings' 1 of the people there, estimated at over 50(1,000,000. There are no savings banks in India. The people simply bury in tha; ground their money savings, which arc usually in the form of silver bullion, ot wear them as silver ornaments in the shapi of heavy rings. In times of famine, or when other condb tions create a desire to draw upon then savings, it is simply a question of their tak> ing their bullion or rings* to the mint and having it returned in the shape of rupees. This has been the custom of the country from time immemorial, and thee losing of tha mints to free coinage has created immense eliscontent and alarm among the natives. They see their hoardings all at once floss one-third their former coining value, and any economic argument advanced by th< English officials against free coinage is pos< itively inexplicable to them. No such conditions obtain in this There are no hoardings of silver. It ha< never been the custom of the country fot money to be carried around in the shape o( ornamental silver rings to be minted on emergency. Our savings arc in banks wher< any appreciation in gold, owing to non-fre< coinage of silver to that extent enriches thai saver. In India, the closing of the mints to silvel impoverishes the saving multitude; in this country, if it has any effect, it certainly does not diminish the value of savings. The real reason for closing the mints in India is probably, as you suggest, the claim ors of the carpetbag English official* who draw their salaries in rupees and who wish to stem the tide tending toward further de» prcei.ttion. It is an iniquitous and foolish measurt and w ill do more to render English rule in India obnoxious than years of good admin' titration will offset. H. GAYLORD WILTSHIRE. A Beetle Watch on the Bracelet A conceit that is much tnore attractive; than the chatelaine watch, and safer to wear, is in a bracelet of close woven gold wire which forms a flat chain. An eat ameled green beetle whoso wings are flecked with brilliant red and blue is on the clasp, and concealed beneath these gorgeous wingH, which fly open at a touch, is a tiny bit of a watch. If one possesses the price one can go through the present Christmas Reason without much worry.—New Yorlf Dispatch.