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TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR. NO. 75. DEBATE ON THE CANAL BILL Consumes all the Hours of the Senate Session MR. TURPIE LEADS THE OPPOSITION Declaring Himself Strongly in Favor of the Canal but Not of the Scheme ot ths Venomous Maritime Canal Company Associated Press Special Wire WASHINGTON, Dec. 13.—Today's ses sion or tin- senate was largely consumed in djscunihg the Nicaragua canal bill. Turpie made the principal speech in opposition to tiie bill, attacking it on the pround that it is iv the interest of the Maritime Canal com pany, which he characterized as a fraud and bankrupt. lie moved a postponement of the matter until after the holiday recess. Morgan defended the bill and the Maritime company, and opposed Ihe morion to post pone. Berry and Rawlins both offered amendments materially affecting the bill. In his opening prayer today Chap lain Milburn made a touching allusion to the death of Mrs. Bright, wife of the ser geant-at-arms of the Senate. The Senate passed a bill increasing the pension of Eleazir Smith of New Hamp shire, who is over 100 years old. and one of the three survivors of the war of 1812, to $30 a month. Mr. Berry gave notice nf an amendment he will offer to the Nicaragua Canal bill providing for the direct appropriation of money for the construction of the canal and limiting the cost to $113,000,000. The amendment providt s for the construction of the canal by the Maritime Canal Company, and gives the Government a lien upon the property to be foreclosed under circum stances fully enumerated. Mr. Berry stated th( object of the amendment to be to elimin ate the bond feature of the bill. Another was to deprive the Maritime Canal Company of any share I of jhe stock as in the present bill, leaving the Cnited States, Nicaragua and Costa Rica the only stockholders. Mr. Rawlins also gave notice of on Smendmi nl to the Nicaragua bill, providing that the act should not go into effect until tin', Cnited St a c *should'Seoure by treaty the right to fortify and garrison the canal, to send armed vessels and munitions of war through it in time of war and to close it against any other nation with which the United Stales may be at war. Mr. Morrill, in accordance with previous notice, addressed the Senate on his bill authorising the purchase of a site east of the Capitol grounds in Washington for a building for the United States Supreme Court. Mot withstanding bis advanced age, the vener able Senator handled the subject with ex ceptional vigor and effectiveness. He urged the propriety of erecting a building in keeping with the tligpity of the court, and be maintained that the recent fire in the court's quarters in the capitol emphasized the importance of the measure. The Senate, after the speech, promptly passed the Supreme Court site bill. A bill was patted authorizing the Choc taw and Memphis' railroad to construct bridges over the Arkansas and other navig able rivers in Arkansas. Simon, the new senator from Oregon, was placed upon the following committees: Mine- and mining, irrigation, revolutionary claims, Potomac river front and trespasses upon Indian lands. Hills were passed as follows: Granting light of way to the Kettle River valley Railroad company of Washington through the Colville Indian reservation; for he re lief of homestead settlers in Florida who were driven from their homes by the storm of 1811(1; amending section 470« of the re vised statutes relating to pensions, provid ing that in cases in which pensioners desert their wives or children one-half the pensions shall be paid to them. Turpie, Democrat, of Indiana, then ad dressed the senate on the Nicaragua canal bill, saying that no one could excel him in zeal in advocating the isthmian canal, but, while he saw the vast'advantage of the pro posed Waterway, he was also fully aware of the difficulties in the way of putting the plan for a canal into execution. While not opposed to the canal a&< such, he was opposed to the scheme of the Maritime Canal com pany, and he denounced that company as the most venomous and effective opponent of a real canal enterprise. Turpie asserted that the government could not lawfully guarantee the Maritime Canal company's bonds as proposed. The case was not parallel to the Pacific Railroad Companies', as in those eases the bonds were made directly payable to the companies. Mr. Turpie renewed his plea for a post ponement of the question until the Nicara guan commission should report. He said he hud favored the appointment of this com mission because he knew that no commission could report in favor of the Maritime com pany, as he did not believe the present com mission had. Information was wanted on the three points of feasibility, time and ex pense, and the senate bad a right to this in formation before acting on the bill. Mr. Turpie closed for the day with a mo tion for postponement of further considera tion of the bill until January 10, by which time the report of the commission w : ould be received. Mr. Morgan antagonized the motion, plead ing for the continuation of the debate, say ing there were many points oonnceted'w'ith the enterprise upon which light could not possibly lie thrown by the Walker report He denied that the Maritime company had ever applied to the United States for assist ance, but on the other hand, the application had heen made to them because they owned the only concession. He declared iii answer to a suggestion from Mr. Turpie, that it would never he possible to get an agreement binding the United States, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, because of Costa Rica's sus picious of Nicaragua. Costa Rica knew per fectly well that Nicaragua was desirous of nothing so much as the downfall of Costa Rica. He spoke of Coßta Rica's "bargain counter" in the matter of granting conces sion*, and when Mr. Turpie interrupted him with the statement that this wus not an ex pression of amity toward Nicaragua, he re torted that Mr. Turpie was growing sensa tional on the subject. He declared that Mr. Grace's purpose in getting a new con tract was not to build a canal but to own it —to hold up the government. He de nounced this concession as a "rascally con tract." Mr. Grace had called on him twice in one I day without being invited, anil had urged j the abandonment of government aid. In , reply to a question from him, Mr. (irace had said he expected to get his money to 1 build the canal from London. This fact showed where we were drifting, and was there a senator who would be willing to sec the canal under the control of foreigners? The senate at 5 o'clock went into execu tive sesion and at 3:IS p. m. adjourned. Confirmations WASHINGTON, Dec. 13.-The senate to day confirmed these nominations: D. .1. Hill of New York, assistant secre tary of state. To be consul generals: P. H. Mason of Ohio, Berlin: E. (iuonther of Wisconsin, at Frankfort, Germany. I To be consuls: (J. H. Pickerel! of Ohio, St. ] Michael, Azores; G. (}. Pierce of Pennsyl- I vania, Munich, Havana; M. J. llacjir of Ne braska, Kehl, Germany) Rufus W. Lane of Ohio, Smyrna, Turkey. IN THE HOUSE District of Columbia Bill Passed With out Amendment WASHINGTON, Hoc 13.—The house today passed the District of Columbia ap propriation! bill without a single amend ment. The bill carries $0,339,050, which is *170.600 less than was carried l by the last bill sold $2,871,807 less than the esvtimate. The house also passed the senate bill which was under consideration yesterday lo amend the laws' relating to stamen. All the amendments were rejected. On motion of Mr. Hay (Deffl.) of Virginia, a resolution was adopted calling upon the Secretary of War for information as to what towns in Porto Rico. Cuba and the Philip pines are required to be garrisoned, how many troops will be necessary for that pur pose and how many soldiers will be needed for the United States proper. Another resolution was adopted calling upon the Secretary of State for information as to the alleged outrage upon Ttishop Earl Cranston at Peking, China, in September last, and as to what, if any, step had been taken to secure suitable redress. The House then went into committee of the whole and took up the District Appro priation Bill. The bill did not eontaimany items that were controverted and passed without amendment, after which, at 2:10 p. m., the house adjourned. IN COMMITTEE Experts Explain the Army Reorgani- zation Bill WASHINGTON, R C, Dec. 13.—The Adjutant-General's office of the War De partment, was well represented today at the hearing before the House Committee on Military Affairs relating to the increase in the army. Adjutant-General Corbin was ex pected to open the hearing, but was detained at the department. His office was repre sented, however, by officers from the sev eral main branches of the army, namely, Brigadier-General Schwan, Major Heisland, .Major Simpson and Major Johnston. Gen eral Schwan detailed at length the organi zation of the army under the plan proposed in the Hull bill, which bus the endorsement of the Secretary of War. The total strength of officers would be 3721; enlisted men, 86,707; grand total of officers anel men, 100,518. Miles in bis' remarks before the bouse com mittee said he believed one soldier to every thousand population would give an army en tirely adequate for every need. It would give an army of 02,000, according to the hist census, and about 75,000 on the estimated population of today. In addition to this force, the use of native troops would make an effective body iv the several colonies. General Schofield urged that the command ing General be given more power independ ent of the War Department. At present he has little or no real authority. When Sulzer asked how many soldiers were required to maintain peace and order in Cuba "until the Cuban republic isi pro claimed," General Schwan declined to give an opinion. A Similar response was made on an in quiry as to the Philippines. Major Johnoon next explained the cavalry features of the proposed reorganization. He emphasized the need of Organizing the cav alry in times o£ peace, as' it was' impossible to properly equip and train cavalry at a time of emergency. Major Simpson, who served under Gen eral Merrit't at Manila, was asked by Hay as to what co-operation might be expected from the Filipinos. He said opinion dif fered at' to this among the Cnited States officers in the Philippines. Most of the Filipinos! seemed to be ready to co-operate with the. American forces, but some of them, puffed up by authority, might not be so ready to aid' the Americans. A strong force of United States troops, about 30,000, would be most effective, he said, not only for service, but mainly for the moral effect. The hearing will be continued tomorrow. THE HERALD LOS ANGELES, WEDNESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 14, JB9B WHAT THE TREATY PROVIDES According to Information Obtained From a Source Which Is Considered Trustworthy PARIS, Dec. 13.—Extraordinary precautions are maintained by both peace commissions to preserve secrecy as to the contents' of the treaty. Each commission has two copies, but even the commission attaches are not permitted to peruse the documents. A correspondent of the Associated Press, however, has obtained from a source usually reliable, the following out line of the treaty: Article 1 provides for the relinquishment of Cuba. Article II provides for the cession of Porto Rico. Article 111 provides for the cession of the Philippines for $20,000,000 as compensation. Article IV embraces' the plans'for the cession of the Philippines, including the return of Spanish prisoners in the bands of the Tagalos. Article V deals with the cession of barracks', war materials, arms, stores, buildings'and all properly pertaining to the Spanish administration in the Philippines. Article VI is a renunciation by both nations of their respective claims against each other and the citizens of each other. ♦ Article VII grants to Spanish trade and shipping in the Philippines the same treatment as American trade and 4 ♦ whipping for a period of ten years'. 4 ♦ Article VIII provide* for the release of all prisoners of war held by Spain arid of all prisoners held by her for polit- 4 ♦ ical offenses committed in the colonies acquired by the United States. 4 4- Articles IX guarantees the legal right of Spaniards remaining in Cuba. 4 4 Article X establishes religious freedom in the Philippines and guarantees to all churches equal rights. 4 ♦ Article XI provides for the composition of courts' and other tribunals in Porto Rico and Cuba. ♦ ♦ Article XII provides for the administration of justice in Porto Rico and Cuba. 4 4 Article XIII provides for the continuance tor five years of Spanish copyrights in the ceded territories, giving 4 4 cans for'ten years, Spanish shippinty. 4 4- Article XIV provides! for the establishment of consulates by Spain in the ceiled territories. 4 ♦ Article XV grants to Spanish commerce in Cuba, Porto Rico and the Philippines the same treatment as to Ameri- 4 4- cans for ten years, Spanish shipping to be treated as coasting vessels. 4 4- Article XVI stipulates that the obligations of the United States to Spanish citizens and property in Cuba shali 4 ♦ terminate with the withdrawal of th c Cnited States' authorities from the island. 4 4- Article XVII provides that the treaty must be ratified within six months'from the date of signing by the respective 4 4» governments in order to be binding. 4 -4 A FRENCH VERSION OK. THE DOCUMENT 4 -4 LONDON, Dec. 14, —The Paris correspondent of the Times gives- the following as the text of the Hispano-Ameri- 4 -- can treaty: 4 -- "Spain relinquishes all claims of sovereignty over and title to Cuba; and as the island is, upon its' evacuation by 4 -- Spain to be occupied by the United States, the latter will, so long as such occupation shall last, assume and discharge the 4 -- obligations iv respect to protection of life and property which may,, under international law result from its occupation. 4 -- "Spain cede* to the Cnited Statesithe inland of Porto Rico and the other islands now under Spanish sovereignty in 4 -- the West Indies, with Guam in the Marianao or Ladrone islands. Spain cedes to the United States the archipelago 4 -- known as the Philippine islands. 4 -4 "The United States will, for a term of ten years: from the date and exchange of ratifications of the present treaty, 4 -- admit Spanish ships and merchandise to the ports of the Philippine islands on the same terms as the ships and merchan- 4 -- disc of the Cnited States. 4 -- "The United States will, on the signature of the present treaty, send back to Spain at it* own cost the Spanish sol- 4 -- diers* taken as prisoners of war on the capture of .Manila by the American forces. The arms of the soldiers in question 4 -- shall be restored to them. Spain will, upon the signature of the prevent treaty, release all prisoners of war and all 4 -- persona detained or imprisoned for political offenses' in connection with the insurrection iri Cuba and the Philippines' ♦ 4- and the wai* with the Cnited States. 4 -- "On their part the Cnited States will release all person." made prisoners; of war by the American forces and will un- 4 -- dertake to obtain the release of all Spanish prisoners in the hands of the insurgents in Cuba and the Philippines. 4 4- "The United States' will, at their own cost, return to Spain, and the government of Spain will, at its'owh cost, 4 4- return to the United States, Cuba, Porto Rico or the Philippines, according to the situation of their respective homes, ♦ 4- the prisoners released or caused to be released by them respectively uwder this provision. 4 4- "The I'nited States and Spain mutually relinquish all claim for indemniiy, national and individual, of every kind, 4 4- of either government or of citizens or subjects against' the government that may have arisen since the beginning of the 4 -4 late insurrection in. Cuba and prior to the exchange of ratifications of the present treaty, including all claims' for in.- 4 4- demnity for the cost of the war. The Cnited States' will adjudicate and) settle the claims of its) citizens against Spain 4 -- relinquished under this stipulation. , * 4 -4 "Spanish subjects, natives' of the peninsula, residing in the territory over which Spain by the present treaty relin- 4 4- quishes or cedes her sovereignty may remain in such territory or may remove therefrom, retaining in either event 4 -- all their rights of properly, including the right to sell or dispose of such property or its proceeds; and they shall also 4 -4 have the right to carry on their industry, commerce and profession, being siubject in respect thereof to such laws as + 4- are applicable to other foreigners. In the event of their remaining in the territory they may preserve their allegiance 4 -- to the crown of Spain by making, before a court of record, within a year from the date of exchange of ratification or 4 4- the treaty, a declaration of their decision to preserve such allegiance, in default of which declaration they shall be 4 4- held to have renounced it and to have adopted the nationality of the territory in which they may reside. 4 4- "The civil rights and political status of the native inhabitants of the territory hereby ceded, lo the United Statesi shall 4 -- be determined by congress. The inhabitants of the territory over which Spain relinquishes or cedes her sovereignty shall 4 -- be secured in the free exercise of their religion. 4 -4 "Spaniards residing in the territories over which Spain, by this treaty, cedes or relinquishes her sovereignty shall 4 -- be subject in matters civil, as well as criminal, to the jurisdiction of the courts of the country in which they reside, pursuant 4 -- to the ordinary laws governing the same, and they shall have the right to appear before such court and pursue the 4 -- same course as citizens of the country to which the courts belong. -f -- "The right of property secured by copyrights and patents acquired by the Spaniards in the island of Cuba and in 4 -- Porto Rico and the Philippines and the other ceded territories at- the time of the exchange of ratifications of the treaty 4 -- shall continue and shall be respected. Spanish scientibc, literary and artistic works, not subversive of public order in the 4 -- territories shall continue to be admitted free of duty into such territories for a period of ten years, to be reckoned from 4 -- the date of the exchange cf the ratifications of the treaty. .4. 4- "Spain shall have the right to establish consular officers in the ports and other places of the territories, sovereignty 4 -- over which has been relinquished or ceded by the present treaty. The government of each country will, for a term of 4 -- ten years from the exchange of ratifications, accord to the merchant vessels of the other country the same treatment in 4 -- respect of all port charges, including entrance and clearance duties, light dues and tonnage duties, as it accords to its own: 4 -- merchant vessels not engaged in coastwise trade. This provision may at any time he terminated on six months' notice 4 4- given by either government to the other. + 4- "It is understood that any obligation assumed in this treaty by the Cnited States with respect to Cuba is limited to 4 -- the time of occupation by the Cnited Slates of that island, but the United States government will, upon the termination 4 -- of such occupation, advise any government established in the island to assume the same obligations." 4 RESPECTFULLY REFERRED THE NATION IS IN DANGER For Its Very Foundations Are Assaulted THE AMERICAN IDEA AND IDEALS Arc Utterly Inconsistent With the Colonial Policy Now Ram pant —Col. W. J. Bryan Gives His Good Reasons for Leaving the Army Associated Press Special Wire SAVANNAH, Ga., Dec. 13.—Colonel Wil liam J. Bryan, upon leaving his command today, the Third Nebraska, gave out the following interview: "My reason for leaving the army was set forth in my letter to the adjutant general, tendering my resignation. Now that ths treaty of peace has been concluded, I be lieve that I can be more useful to my coun try as l a civilian than as a soldier." Colonel Bryan then proceeds to the dis cussion of public questions, saying: "The people of the United States having rescued Cuba from foreign control, may now resume the discussion of domestic problems which confront this nation, and to the con sideration of the new questions arising out of the war. THE NATION IN DANGER "I may be in error, but in my judgment cur nation is in greater danger just now than Cuba. Our people defended Cuba against foreign arms; now they must defend them selves and their country against a foreign idea —the colonial idea of European nations. Heretofore greed has perverted the govern ment and used its instrumental interference for private gain; but now the very founda tion principles of our government are as saulted. "The imperialistic idea is directly antag onistic to the idea and ideals which have been cherished by the American people since the signing of the Declaration of Indepen dence. Our nation must give up any iuten tion of entering upon a colonial policy (such as is now pursued by European countries) or it must abandon the doctrine that gov ernments derive their just power* from the consent of tha governed. THE CHOICE OFFERED "We may believe that governments come up from the people, or we may believe that governments come down to the people- from those who possess the heaviest cannons and the largest ships, but we cannot advocate both doctrines. "To borrow a Bible quotation, 'A house divided against 1 itself cannot stand;' para phrasing Lincoln's declaration, 1 may add that this nation cannot endure half repub lic and half colony—half free and hall vas sal. Our form of government, our tradi tions, our present interests and our future welfare, all forbid our entering upon a ca reer of conquest. "Jefferson has been quoted in support ot imperialism) but our opponents must distin guish between expansion in the western hemisphere and an expansion that involves us in the quarrels of Europe and the Orient. They must still further distinguish between expansion which secures contiguous terri tory for future settlement and expansion, and that which secures' us alien races for fu ture subjugation. "Jefferson favored the annexation of nec essary contiguous territory on the North American continent, but he was opposed to wars of conquest and expressly condemned the acquiring of remote territory." MEANS OF PREVENTION When asked how tlie colonial policy could be prevented, Colonel Bryan .-aid: "Some think the fight should he made against the ratification of the treaty, but I would prefer another plan. If the treaty is rejected, negotiations must be renewed, and instead of settling the question accord ing to our ideas, we must settle it by di plomacy, with the possibility of interna tional complications. It will be easier, 1 think, to end the war at once by ratifying the treaty and then deal with the subject in our own way. The issue can be presented directly by a resolution of eongres- declar ing the policy of the nation upon this sub ject. The president in his message says that our only purpose in taking possession of Cuba is to establish a stable government and then turn that government over to the people of Cuba. Congress could reaffirm this purpose in regard to Cuba and asserl the same purpose in regard to the Philip pines and Porto Rico. Such aTest/lutiuu would make a clear-cut issue between the doctrine of self-government and the doctrine of imperialism. We should reserve a harbor and coaling station in Porto Rico and the Philippines in return for services rendered, and 1 think we would be justified in asking the same concessions from Cuba. "In the case of Porto Rico, where the people have as yet expressed no desire lor an independent government, we might with propriety declare our willingness to annex the island if the citizens desire annexation; but the Philippines are too far away and their people too different from ours to be annexed to the United States, even if they desired it." Colonel Bryan leaves Savannah tonight for Washington and will arrive there on Wednesday evening. He intends to enter actively into the fight against the colonial policy. UNIVERSITY REGENTS Are Seeking a Successor to President Kellogg SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 13.—The regents of the University of California met today. The following committee was appointed to submit the names of suitable candidates for president to succeed Professor Kellogg: Regents Reinstein, Hallidie, Rodgers, John F. Budd, Mrs. Hearst and President Kellogg. To these were added the governor of California and Howard E. Wright, who will be speaker of the next assembly. Seventy-five thousand dollars was ordered drawn from the state treasury to reimburse Louis Sloss for money advanced for the university. A committee was appointed to confer with PRICE FIVE CENTS legi-lators and members of the various com' missions and state boards to prevent the shipping of fruit affected with scale, to im prove quarantine restrictions, to encourage dairy interests and live-stock raising, and to promote such measures as would enable toe university lo send out instructions in dairy ing and veterinarians, to investigate the con ditions of fruit .and livestock and to adopt means which wiii improve the health ol man and beast. MURDERED BY A MEXICAN A Fatal Quarrel Over a Very Small Sum NOGALES, Ariz., Dec. 13.—Yesterday morning at Sonoita, a station on the New Mexico and Arizona railroad between No gales and Benson, E. A. Shepard was stabbed by Luis Chavez and died eleven hours later. Chaves had worked for Shep ard a little more than a day, but quit and demanded his money. Shepard, in compli ance with the rules of the company, paid Chavez 75 per cent of the amount and gave a time check for the balance. Chavez was not satisfied anel threatened to kill Shepard if he did not get all the money due him, SI .25. The stabbing occurred about 7 oclock in the morning. A special train was made up at Nogales with Trainmaster Gibson, Headmaster Mon tague and Dr. ChenoWeth to give what as sistance was possible to the dying man and returned at 12:3 0 this morning bring ing the body of Shepard. A coroner's in quest was held and a verdict of murder ren dered in accordance with the above facts. FORMING ALLIANCES To Make the University of America a Success WASHINGTON, Dec. 13.—At the semi annual meeting of the trustees of the Amer ican university here today Hon. William Connell of Scranton, Pa., presided at the forenoon session and ex-Governor Patison at the aftei noon. The board adopted plans proposed by Bishop McCabe for the organization of a ministerial alliance, to consist of 1000 preachers, each to secure *1000 ($1,000,000 it! all) for an endowment fund, and also tor ,c woman's guild to raise the same amount, making $2,000,000 for endowment. The initial steps toward the organisation of the alliance were taken by the election of Bishop Charles 11. Fowler of lluffalo, N. V., as president and Bishop MoCabe as sec retary. Mr. Thomas W. Smith of Washington, Mrs. E. S. Tome of Port De posit, Mo.; Rev. Dr. Parks Cadman of New fork; Mr. John E. Dubois of Dubois, Pa., and Rev.'Dr. J, Wesley ilill were elected trustees. SMOKE FROM SMELTERS Is Actually Killing the Inhabitants of Butte BUTTE, Mont., Dec. 13.—For nearly a week the smoke from the smelters here has been quite heavy, more so than usual, and resulted in a public meeting of citizens to night at which the managers of the smelt ers were present, to discuss and suggest means to abate the nuisance. The Butte reduction works, in response to a general re quest to ali the companies, shut down twenty-four hours ago, but the smoke is as thick as ever, it is possible the other smelters will have-, to. follow tha example of the Butte reduction works. Several deaths that have occurred since the smoke became bad are attributed to that cause. While it is doubtless a fact that the deaths' from pneumonia were has tened by the smoke-charged air, it is also a fact that on all occasions of this kind every death is attributed to the one cause. TRADE WITH SPAIN Can Be Conducted Without Regulation by Treaty WASHINGTON, Dec. 13—For some time to come the United States and Spain must get along without any treaty to regulate commerce between the two countries. An effort was made at Paris to secure an agree meent with ths> Spanish commission look ing to the revival of the old treaty until they could be replaced by others, but this having failed, no negotiations for new com mercial treaties will be undertaken before ratification of the peace treaty. Will Tackle the Turk • CHICAGO, Dec. 13—Articles of agree i ment have been signed by "Farmer" Burns • and J. J. Rooney, the "Giant Gripman," on 1 one side, und Hali Adli, the Turk, on the other, for a match to take place in this city January 23. According to the articles the Turk agrees to gain tour consecutive falls alternately from Burns and Rooney within ; ninety minutes of successive wrestling. If either Burns or Rooney gain a fall, or if Adali fails to throw each of the men twice, the match will go to the two Americans. ] The Turk sluill have no rest between the . falls. George Siler will referee. Bloodless Dueling • PARIS, Dec. 13.—M. Antide Boyer, the ■ ; Radical Socialist deputy, and M. de Rou i lede, the Revisionist deputy, fought a harm less duel today with pistols at Tour de Villebon, near Meudou, as an outcome of yesterday's debate, during which M. de Rou lede and M. Gauthier, another Revisionist deputy, challenged by M. Boyer, referred to Al. Boyer as a "whitewashed Panamist."