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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, December 19, 1898, Image 4

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The Herald
THE HERALD PUBLISHING COMPANY,
- WI-MAM A Si'A I.IMNi;
Presidaat and General Manager.
13S SOUTH BROADWAY
Telephone Mala 247, Business Office and Subscription Depart
ment. _
Telephone, Main IM, Editorial and Local Departmen!»■___
RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION
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Dally, by mall, one year ? g!
Dally, by mall, six months j 50
Daily, by mail, three months ! 2»
Sunday Herald, by mall, one year J 00
Weekly Herald, by mall, one year 1 "0
POSTAGsTrATES ON THE HERALD
18 pages 4 cents 32 pages 1 cent*
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12 pages — - cen L
EASTERN AGENTS FOR THE HERALD
A. Frank Richard s*n, Tribune building, New York: Cham
ber of Commerce bu!le"'»g, Chicago. _
TEN DOLLARS REWARD
The above reward will be paid for the arrest and conviction
of any person caught stealing The Herald after delivery to a
pat ron. _________
• CIRCULATION STATEMENT •
• William A. Spalding. General Manager of The Herald •
• Publishing Company, being first duly sworn, deposes ana •
• says: That the average dally circulation of the Los An- •
• les Herald for the six months ending Sept. 30, 188S, was •
• Daily Herald 8.646 •
• Sunday Herald 10.143 •
• WILLIAM A. SPALDING. •
• Subscribed and sworn to before me this 7th day of Oc- •
• tober. IS9B. G. A. DOBINSON. •
• (Seal.) Notary Public ln and for the county of •
• Los Angeles, state of California. •
MONDAY, DECEMBER lt), 1S!»S.
Just when most people are getting ready for holiday enjoy
ment a wail is heard that should excite sympathy. It comes
from the bankers and financiers, who rep
resent the great aggregations of wealth in
the I'nited States. A phenomenal glut
of money is reported. 'We are told that.
THAT DELUGE
OF MONEY
"while the statement may startle the general public, it is a
fact that for nearly two months money has been the cheap
est thing in America.'' Startle, indeed! It will be strange
if tbe ''general public" does not take to the woods in a frenzy
of fright.
Specifically it is stated that '"the bond markets are abso
lutely bare of first-class securities." If so they are in tbe con
dition of a good many cupboards. Everything worth buying
in the bond market has been greedily picked up, and "there is
no diminution in tbe funds seeking placement." It seems that
the czar has heard of this casli deluge in America, and, being
a little short of holiday funds, lie is said bo be negotiating for
an American loan. The czar wns not particularly affectionate
toward tiie United States during the late unpleasantness with
Spain, but for the sake of reducing the alarming plethora of
ihoney we shall be glad to accommodate his august majesty
with a hundred million or so. |
But that will be only momentary relief, because, "on the
first of the year, corporations will distribute about $100,000,
--000 in interest and dividends.'' That will offset tlie relief hoped
for in a loan to the czar. Our financiers are struggling man
fully, however, and agents are now skirmishing in Kurope, we
axe told, with offers "to buy tbe American stocks and bonds
which aro held abroad." There is some hope that by this means,
coupled with the powerful aid of the government in shoveling
out money, the immediate danger of "getting in over head"
.will be averted.
We observe that the "general public" aforesaid gives no evi
dence of worry over tbis distressing plight of the financiers
and their clients. Tlie man who wants to borrow a little money
to expand his business or enlarge his opportunities in anyway
Can go into the office of a money-lender without risk of being en
gulfed in gold coin. There is no three per cent rate of inter
est for him. If lie is favored with nn "accommodation" he
may think he is fortunate fo get it at ten per cent, on a mort
gage supplemented by a cast-iron note in which lie pledges
everything except his hope of heaven.
It is true that, the channels of finance are gorged with
money, and the indications point to increased plethora. Why?
Because the accumulations of wealth arc growing faster than
they can be invested in such gilt-edged securities as the money
kings demand. None of this money is offered for the develop
ment of the country. Not a dollar of it can be bad for the ex
pansion of our agricultural area, nor for the development of
our mines. The men who control this vast wealth are inter
ested in the country only so far as concerns their investments
in securities of tbe highest grade. Just in proportion as the
national wealth is absorbed by tho men who accumulate great
fortunes by means of monopolies, tbe "general public will be
in less and less danger of being engulfed in a deluge of money.
Three elements nre favorable to the retention of the Philip
pines: One on account of tlie grandeur of the idea, of expan
sion, another for commercial reasons, and
tlie third from a desire to have them placed
in a position more accessible to influences
that will elevate ; :.<*| inhabitants in the
scale of being.
PHILIPPINES
AND
CIVILIZATION
Much lias been said about the civilizing influence of com
merce, but it is by no means certain that, per se, trade pro
motes civilization in a high seuse. Through traffic people be
come acquainted, and if it be conducted in an honorable way
and is-mutually beneficial, a friendly feeling will be developed.
If enlargement of knowledge of tbe means of supplying human
wants und of the range of nature's beneficence towards human
ity is elevating, then commerce, to that extent, is civilizing.
Put trouble lies in the selfishness of mankind, aud nations man
ifest it in their commercial policies, as individuals do in their
private dealings, lt cannot be said that nations, in their poli
cies,, are actuated by tlie desire to make men better, so much
as to make them richer.
Elevating or civilizing the Filipinos does not enter into the
minds of tlie class which favors expansion for the grandeur of
the thing, or the otlier class, whose motive is enlargement of
trade and its profits. The class inspired by the desire to civ
ilize them will have but a minimum influence in giving char
acter to the government of the islands. Whatever it shall be
will be dictated by politicians and traders.
Trade With the aboriginal people in the American hemi
sphere has never appreciably promoted their elevation. The
nations of Africa and Asia which have been forced to open
tbeir doors to commerce with the most enlightened Europeans
have not been perceptibly elevated by the intercourse. The re
sult has been well-nigh universal, that inferior races have grad
ually disappeared from contact with the superior, on the prin
ciple of tbe survival of the fittest. The Filipinos may be taught
obedience to law, but not without difficulty. Industry and the
art of developing the resources of their country may come, but
nil that will not make them civilized.
What is civilization? According to the learned Francois
Guizot, it docs not lie in a knowledge of the sciences and ait-.,
nor in scholasticism or commerce, but. while all these arc help
ful, the chief feature is knowledge of tbe true relations of man
to man.
The apt student of ethnology must have discerned that there
is a wide difference in the Buseeptibility of the various races
to civilizing influences. When left to themselves there lias been
very little advancement on the part of t he .Mongolian or Mala)
for thousands of years. The Aryans who removed eastward
have remained at a standstill, while tin- branch that emigrated
westward has continually progressed, showing, in the ease of the
former, that the natural tendency o: the race to advance has
been arrested by environment.
The die seems to be cast, and the Philippines are destined to
be ours, lt is the duty of the whole people to make the best of
the situation, aud to take up and consider the problem of their
government in a spirit of patriotism and humanity. Let thrii
trnile lie fostered, tltrir induslrics be built up, ami the people
a uOOOWnagtxl in acquiring ornufortuble homes nn<l taught . thellu<
priiu'iplt*s of liumnn rclntion-hip. 'Dip Filipinos will not. bo ele
j vnted in the scale of liiiiip liy tiistitiitiiiß acimmce to rnrirh 1 lie
_ I crafty, who will likely inv:iil<> ilio with Ihrir ocous
loniLil onerpy. It. ia improlmlilv tlml. the Ulamls will bwoint
• Anii'iiciinizcil, us the optimists proiliot, thro\ißh iiuniigiHtion.
Distant-p, Himalir nnd social OomUtiOtM forbid Hip cmi>;rtttionot
our people then' for periunncnl rosidence. Tliohc who may pr
S will b< , olDcials, traders nnd OWiCgpn of industries whioh they
5 will hope in brief time will enable them to realize fortunes on
j> Wlrich they rnn retire.
CiviliziUion in the Philippines, under the most intellipent
and benign mauapi'incut, will be n pliint. of very nlow growth,
* Then , is good uubo (et gMttllatifllM in the news that 1,09
Angeles has been cleliinlWv selected us the pluro fur the ni-xt
riinfrrcni-e of the National l'Ahicutioniil
iisMnialion. Tliis solwtion \\n» rcASotmhly
sure from the llrst, l>lll vin-x such contin
genctea ns might nnse rplstive to railwaj-
So fiir M mnnilVst iulvmhii^im
THE
EDUCATIONAL
CONVENTION
1 are concerned, the cniiipplini; eilies had "no case," ac the law
[ yers say. They were Salt Lake, Detroit, Portland, Seattle und
i 'lacoina. Each of Hi.-r cities had something to commend it
( us a desirable piece, tat the conference, l.os Angelea was finally
• selected becAJUC it fully nnd completely meets all requirements.
The benefit derived frum a wrek's stay of ton thounniut
I I Blrangcra in Lo 9 will be the leust of the benelits that
i will accrue from the visit. Each of those tpn ppr
i sons will have photographed upon the mind a fadeless pie
| turc of this favored spot of sunhind. The story e\olved from
1 that picture will be told over nud over again, nnd Los Angeles
will become n center of interest to vast numbers of people who
m.iy think of waking new home! in a laud where life ia worth
living.
The netivity displayed l»y representatives of other cities, in
the elTort n> secure the cnuiViince, adds to Ihe satisfaction we
may feel in the ultimate selection. It shows thut, with all
our superior lulvantiigcs, the ease of Los Anpdea was ably
Wanaged, The result nlso serves as ft reminder of what may
be iU'tumplidhcvl, in othrr iiir. I'tii.ns, in tlu- line of assisting
ill the progress and development of the city. It will now be
in order to entcrtftin these thousands of the country's foremost
educators in such :i way iliat tlu-ir visit will ever be a sweet
memory, *o sweet n* to eausu a longinji for its repetition.
Tim full vntr> on tin , oonslilutiunn! amriulmetils in the atuto
has jusl been receivcil from .Sin-ininonto us fullowa: Si>nnte Xo.
41 iXu.l)—Yes, ."il.oi:l; \d, 0(1.(1(1:;. Sen
a).' Xo. 10 (No. 2)~~\,-i, 74.(110; Nn, 7.V
-1>37. Somite No. 44 (No. 3)— Ye*. 09,232!
Nil. 7.i.ii!t."». Assembly No. 37 (No. 4) —
V.s. lil.S4.'t; No, 70,115. Assi-iiibly No.
CONSTITU
TIONAL AMEND
MENTS
30 (No. s)— Y.s, ;'.»,715; No, UiVJilO. Assembly X... 3S (No. ti|
- Vi«, No. S.-..71-. , . Assembly No. 31 (No. 71— Yoe,
li;t.|!i.'i; No, Hl.Jtilt. Pfll constitutional convention,
against iiiiHtiliiliomil ennveiilinii, 0n,U07,
It tints appears that only OSS amendment wsia adopted.
That i« assembly constitutional amendment No. 3d, voted as No
.") nit ilie lieket. It relates tn the Office o{ governor, provides fot
Mini thereto in certain cases and removes the disability
of the lieutenant governuc from holding , oilier irffioe duriiigh/i
term.
The μ-enenil outcome is in marked pOufcui to tltc vote in
tin- county. Tlii' Democratic organization couimilUe of Los
Angelra stilt out throe thousand circulars on these ainend
mints in this i-minty and a puiwidtfrabla number to neighboring
counties mill to Sim i'rnni'i-io. The vote here follows thu
ivcunimendutinn made. It la reftsoßsMe to asaunio that the
lull inforniiitioii given by "ur I'ninuiittee had a marked influence
on the result,
There is evidence nf prent care in the preparation of the
prr-iili'ut- *Ji("i)i;TS lit the Knvnjirtnh banquet. Here is an ex
i>illl»l<*. in allusion lo tlu> I'lli)i]>|itliO4: "Hftvl(Jg dune nil tli;it
i< in lite line dJ dti>\. is there any less duty to remain there
mid gfve to the inhabitants pioleetinn, mid iil«o our
in .i I'i'tiii , whii'h will weure I.i tliem pMtM utiil
urder iin-1 bci miiy in their life mid pinpeity n.nd in (he i>iiiKiitt
of h.-ippim-".' ' It all Bottnde vi'iy pieHy, lint remindii 118 oftllM
in:iii in NTipt lire, who UlPUght tn w»> ivbout pi-lfeel ln--
Cii Use he hnd "kept all thu eomimimlnuiit*," JIl- \\a> ivniimled.
•line Ihilii; thou liK'kest." The thing laekinj: in the president's
[iiilln -p.nii i- -inn,' AllUlipn to free and independent govern?
iin , nt. A [ittlC cxtiiKt fruni the Deeliirution Of Indepindenei ,
Wniili) haye I'i'ii n|'|iiu|iii:iio. In I lin etVert th.it "povernnieiits
di li\e Ilielr just. ji.iWPis fl<Oil the i-ull-enl nf die "oVemi'd."
A iintcwmdiy ii'iii,irk is repmteil as having been made !>y
JllllgP I3HJ" "I 1 In- pe.iei , eniniui-simi ju*t lii'fnro snilinj; from
Sniiiluiinploii. He sai.l the tiriity would prnlmlily lie delivurud
to the president on Dteeinhpr i!4lh. lint it Mas "iiupiHMhle In
say whither it would lie preseiiiid to the present gvftutte or
that whl'li COtttoe mm ullii'e mwt Mimii." .ludpe I>hv is in
very olOJso Inmli lite and the infereiiee from kfii
U'n.uk is lluit the pivsideiii is doiilMfiil atiniit beitiß alile tn
inii-lii the Iwu-thiiils vnie ii-.jni~i(p to ratify the tivutv. The
[i.-,nt si'ii.ile i-i made up half of Itepiililietm, and half of op
|»iin'tits. In the next BffliUte there will be a subsiantiiil Ue
|iiililiean majority, but the Innty may bu no more ueeeptiihlc
to it than lo the present senate.
Preparation for the ;san Pedro liurtot celtdnation ha* taken
prnetieal shnjie. by die !i|>pointnienl of n committee to take full
elmrgfl Ol the O-rraingeinratt, Twenty rive eitizeiis of
this septi'iii. ninny ol ihem representing eommereial and kin
dred ns-nci,uion.«, will insure a fitting iiiaiigiiralion Ol the linr
bur enterprisp. Therein no doubt that Ifis Anyeles and tllO
sister eitii's and limn; will yet up n deninnslrutinii worlliy m
Ulfl inipuitnnt part the hurlior will j)l,iy in the future develop
ment of tide part pi Southern i aliforniii.
The annual report oi Superiuli ndent nf Streets Pram. to be
>i'e<<inte'l to the I'ouneil ioday, gives some flfrurts that throw
ifht on the development of the city. The total expense oi eon
duVling the olfire for the lisi-al year weas $102,1 .'ri.Hi. Thirt V
M'veri SttSvta nnd portions of streets were improved under the
Bond ait, at v cost ot 51.j:),47. f >.fl£». Seventy-five streets and por
tions of MrepN were improvpd under the Vrooman net, nt an
expense of ijUOO,OTB.IS, making a total of spent in
street. Improvement.
I ,iiilliiiied viiliTTia of the election habit will be glad to lenrn
Unit I here nre hopeful prospects nl two more elections in the
enrly future, (iarvanza and L'niversily dietridtl are at the dnoi
of the eitj't dlamoring to be let in. Thanks to the keen fore
sight of Hie olden-time ehnrter milkers, the two distrii-ts can
iinL be admitted nt one election. and hence we shnll soon enjoy
two more election fluys. How foieeful the old uduge, that "you
cannot have too much of n pood thing,"
Tlifie is not much doubt that John f>. Roekpfeller, whose
|inrliiiit and income ."tatetnint appeared in yesterday's Herald,
is the rielies.l man in thewoild. JHis fortune plnitncl at nearly
nut- lliird of v billion dullnrs. As thii vast sum of money liiu
loiini to liini uirtinly from ihe oil bitsiiicsa, it. represents eontri
l.uliniis from many million puop]e, most of them poor and needy.
\\i, nolire thai Ihe Author of the "Old Sleuth" literature is
i!r;,,|, and Ihul Ins pen net led him hnlf a million dollar.i, I'roh
n)i|y nol -,o many as half a million boys's heads were turned
bj ilie iia-h llnlsey "round out, but the number must be vp.ry
liil-'. I lie pinlils ,ii ihe business insure its continuance at
llu- old -I,mil. with a Rett hum! /it tin-crank.
That story of a wonderful gold discovery in Colorado sounds
very familiar. The name of the new camp, Dawson City, is also
familiar. Colorado is noted for its proficiency in angling for
gudgeons with the golden book, and Californians aro not likely
to be caught by what looks like the same old bait,
LOS ANGELES HERALD: MONDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 19, 1898
THE PUBLIC PULSE
[The Herald under this heading prints
communications, but does not assume re
sponsibility for the sentiments expressed
Correspondents are requested to cultivate
brevity, so far as Is consistent with the
proper expression of their views.]
The Philippine Elephant
To the Editor of the Los Angeles Herald:
It is to be presumed that those of our peo
ple who favor territorial expansion are now
somewhat appeased; that those among us
who have been caught by the sentimental
ism "national desrtiny" are much elated. The
Philippine islands, with the respousibilit;
of protecting them, and oi governing or pro
viding government for the heterogeneous
inhabitants infesting them, are ours. Spain,
the conquered, yielding l to thex-uperior force
of the United tSates, has ceded these
islands and accepted Uncle Sam's conscience
plaster of $20,000,000, though under protest.
Hut, do not be too hasty, ye expansionists!
Are these islands ours yet, fully, actually,
even assuming that the treaty will be rati
fied by the senate. Hew about
Aguinaldo and his thousands of fol
lowers under arms, who are native,
who were lighting for their indepen
dence before Uncle Sam appeared on the
scene, who have said and reiterated that,
with them, it is "independence or death."
Xoi only independence from the tyranny of
Spain, but independence from the rule or
government of any foreign power? Suppose
these people say that Spain had no right to
give away or sell their lands to the United
States; and that by force of arms they pro
test against and resent such action when
this government shall undertake to assume
formal possession and th* instituting of
government. What then would the United
States do? Make further and final conquest
of the islands by forcibly subjugating the
Filipinos? One would scarcely believe this
possible, and yet it is to be apprehended
that the appetite for conquest Laving been
once pandered to, gratified but not satisfied,
has become insatiate to such a degree as
would prompt our nation to commit just
this act of aggression.
There are many well meaning persons who
would find justification for such buccaneer
ing in the plea that it was "in the name and
for the sake of humanity." "Those people
are not capable of governing themselves;
therefore it is a philanthropic .md religious
work for this Christianized nation to force,
them, if need be, at the point of the bay
onet and at the cannon's mouth to submit
to our governing them," would be about
the way the protagonists of this new policy
of imperialism— military rule—would tea
son. They become unmindful of the politic
al axiom, "ail governments derive their
just powers from the consent of the icov
erned." Xo government maintained by
force is a just government, beeaus. it cannot
be rightfully claimed that those who are
forced give voluntary consent.
Xow it doe* seem to one of fair mind and
of reasoning faculty that the only right
tiling for the United States government lo
do in the premises is to aid ihe Filipinos to
istablish and maintain a government of
their own, and when they shall have demon
strated tthetr ability to rule themselves,
then the islands should be turned over to
tli; local government, and thi? nation, either
singly or jointly with Great Britain, should
establish and maintain a protectorate over
them: in consideration for which the two
powers named should be granted—as doubt
less they would be—certain naval and eom
nercial privileges in the islands. Great
Britain is coupled with the United States,
contemplating the establishing and main
taining cf a protectorate, because the latter
unaided would scarcely be equal to the task
.ig.iiiii-'; the aggressions of Ku-sia ct al.
ln the light of rational construction of
the constitution and in view of the tariff
pclicy of our government, one fails to com
prehend how it would be possible for ;hi»
country to do otherwise than annex these
islands and extend to them territorial form
of government, thus making them an inte
gral part of the country, if we are to control
them at all. The only alternative wou'd b«
to hold them under military rule as a eol
sny. Hut it would seem that this is clearly
unconstitutional, because all military, civil
and judicial powers would be vested in such
persons and exercised in such manner as the
>re*ident might deem tit and proper. This
would be combining in the- hands of the ex
ecutive triune powers and functions of gov
ernment, viz.. legislative, executive and ju
dicial, for he would not only be vested with
the prerogative to appoint public officers,
but it would al- o be his province to deter
mine in what manner they should act.
In any event, it is gravely questionable
whether the scmi-savaget who in mc.Ft part
constitute she population of these islands
nould submit tractably to military rule in
stituted by thi* government. Their rebel
lion would entail upon un direful trouble
md enormous expense, a- was Spain's- un
happy l«'t. in a word, the cost of keeping
peace in these islands would far exceed the
revenues this country might derive from
them.
In view of the climatic obstacles, it will
be impossible for laborers frcm the temper
ate zone to live and toil in the tropical
Philippine-; wherefore the talk about these
islands offering a fruitful Held for coloniza
tion of Americana is chimerical. The states'
of this Union, however, might become the
Mecca of many of the Filipinos, and thus
would cause an influx of a new element of
cheap labor to further depress, wages.
As a result of our possessing the Philip
pines one thing would happen fon a cer
tainty, and that is, capital of corporations
and syndicates would go to the islands
to be invested in lands, agricultural pur
suits, commercial and manufacturing induss
ries; and all of these enterprises would be
carried on by means of the manual labor
of the people who are native, resident and
acclimated. There people subsist upon al
most nothing; they would work for say $1
aer week. The products of their labor
ivould be brought into tbe United tSates,
tardf or no tariff, and sold in competition
with domestic products where the wage of
the laborers had been not less than $1 pet
day. How long would it be, then, ere the
lomeetic laborers- would starve or be
brought to a condition of destitution be
cause of the inability of domestic operators
lo profitably market their products' which
had to compete with the Philippine pro
ducts? This would be the case in either
hypothesis, whether the United States
made the Philippines an integral part ofthe
country amj admitted their products to the
slates free of duty, or whether they main
tained them as a colony—assuming the in
terpretation of the constitution might be
nade to fit the condition—and imposed a
duty, if it were less than prohibitory.
Under present conditions, financial and
ndustrial, there is much too little money
Jirculating through the hands of the masses
U this country. The development in the
'Philippines foreshadowed would further
c-ss-n the amount so circulating among the
a boring class in certain lines of industry,
lb is would bring disaster. Would any one
then come forward and defend the policy
of territorial expansion resultant from the
war with Spain "in the name of and for the
sake of humanity?"
By the way, that war was precipitated by
our philanthropic, humane intervention to
save the Cubans irom extermination by star
vttion. So engrossed! hail the administra
tion been by the more important business
of expanding our landed domain and com
mercial empire, the dear Cubans may have
meanwhile starved and we know nothing
about it. Strange, is it not, that we have
heard but little .since the war began con
cerning the condition of the erstwhile re
eoneentrados? Wonder if they all died?
JOHN AUBREY JONES.
Fruitvale, Alameda county, Cal., Dec, 15.
Perils of Imperialism
To the Editor of The la)S Angeles Herald:
Like the rest of the people of the country—
his adversaries as well asi his friends?—i have
watched with in'berest for any utterance of
Mr. Bryan upon the grave questions now
arising upon our horizon, which are
soon to demand solution. What he bttd sold
before leaving Nebraska for the camp, where
the administration was for some reason so
careful to keep him impounded till Uue end
of hostilities, satisfied the old-school Demo
crats that he was wound on the question of
"Imperialism"—so named. Anid hia inter
view of the other day, at Savannah, further
emphasizes his position.
There is, however, one view he suggests
of which the present writer has fears l ; that
namely, of the ratification of the treaty just
cone.uded at I'aris.
Is there not ekinger ttiat such ratification
will further complicate the situation? To be
sure, the desirability of ending the slate of
war, or quasi war, which must eonlUnue till
formal agreement of some sort is reached,
is great and urgent. Hut in view of the
effect of such ratification upon tlhe status
of the Philippines and the inhabitants there,
is it not perilous to do it ? Shall we not pres
ently find the nation confronted witlh perils
compared with which a continued state of
nominal war will appear quite insignificant ?
The moment the treaty is ratified nnd the
formal exchange between the two nations
is accomplished, these islands will become a
part of the I'nited States. Tins has been
settled by decision of the supreme court.
Chief Justice Marshall, in the case of the
American Insurance company et al. vs.
Canton Peters, at page 452, after saying:
The constitution confers absolutely
on the government of the I'nion the
power of making war and of making
treaties, goes on to bold that: If it (t'hei
territory) be ceded by treaty, the ac
quisition is confirmed and the ceded ter
ritory becomes a part of tbe nation to
which it is annexed, on the terms stip
ulated in the treaty, or on such term*
as ittf new maatetr may imiio&e..
Then, does not the ratification and ex
change of the treaty operate co instants, to
make every inhabitant of those islands n
citizen of the United States? Not, it is"true,
a citizen possessing at once all the politi
cal rights of citizens of one of these states —
these he would not enjoy there, until further
regulations were instituted by congressional
legislation—but he would be in every other
sense a citizen, and as such entitled to all
U.e civil and other rights not purely political
to which a oitize n of California is entitled,
including that of coming into one of these
states and there exercising political rights,
too.
To make him sudh a citizen, to make
eight or nine millions of people of alien races
such citizens, iv such wise, is to violate the
fundamental principle in which tbis govern
ment is founded; a principle dear to cur
fathers, and still we are fain to believe,
dear to at least some of their descendants
It is a principle dear to all intelligent people
of this land who have not become infested
with the deadly virus of these latter day
heresies; in sthort, with Hannaism, nn ism
which takes no account of the doctrines of
the constitution or of the teachings of the
fathers; the principle that "Govemnumts
derive their just powers from the consent
of th* governed."
Indeed, if the plan suggested, that of rati
fying the treat>'. and. Inter, of disposing oi
these islands, be carried into effect, Ui there
Cot danger that we siha'.l violate this prin
ciple twice? First, by making the inihabi
t.-.nts there eitizans of the I'nitid States
without their consent, even against their de
sire; and second, having sto made them citi
zens, then by expatriating them without
their consent?
Arc the descendants and successors of tbe
men who promulgated that charter of human
rights, the Declaration of Independence,
read\" to trial with such contempt the doc
trines of that immortal document?
I know the problems confronting us are
grave and! perplexing, to such of us at least
as liave not wholly lost, our bearings, and
ceased to care or look for the ofd land-marks.
For many reasons, we want the war ended
ile jure, as it is already de facto. Hut can we
afford to ratify a treaty which involves
the violation'of the mo.-t essential and vital
principle of our system and theory of govern
ment? Would it not be infinitely better to
suffer temporary inconvenience, by protract
ing somt what the agony of a merely nominal
war, than witlh the hope of making a
qireker landing to steer our ship toward tbe
rocks and shoals?
Is not this, ixldeed, the supreme oppor
tunity to those w'.to still believe in consti
tutional government? The opportunity to
establish a precedent which shall s.iine as
a beacon light to guide those of future limes
and exigencies?
Let that great body, the senate of the
republic, illuminate the closing days of this
greatest century by putting onl record its
and the nation's condemnation of this new
and dangerous notion! that far-away terri
tories, teaming with millions of people, with
out consulting them, even against their de
sire, may be incorporated with and made a
part of this republic. Let this be done, anil
the war, after all tlhe suffering and sacrifice
it has cost, will prove a blessing, not only to
ourselves, but to the whole world. Such
an example would be a lesson and a warn
ing to the selfish, greedy, buccaneering
nations cif tbe earth.
I know there are those) who think'a suf
ficient answer to all this 'is flhe fact thnt
the Unite-d States, having freed or helpcel to
free these islands from the tyrannous do
minion of Spain, we should now have the
right to elo with them, as sWiris best to usi;
anel conclusively so, now that we have ac
tually bought thorn from the old, buccaneer
—getting but the tit'je of a buccaneer, we
suppose. To such as argue in this fashion
let US put a oase: But for the aid of France
our fathers could not have achieved the
independence of the coVmies—mot at that
time, whntever they might have beien able
to do later. Suppose that when Great
Britain found herself unable to further pros
ecute tlie war against the colbnies, tlliat
government had entered into negotiations
with France —both ignoring the colonies and
treating tihem as if in no way concerned, and
as entitled to no voice in the matter. And
suppose such negotiations hail resulted in the
purchase, for a few millions ntvel the taking
aver to herself of the colonies by France.
Our fathers would have been obliged to
submit to the outrage, for the time being at
least. But what would they have thought
of the conduct of their frienilp, the French?
What, indeed, would tlhe whole wonld huve
thought of tfhem? From a chapter among the
brightest in the history of France, recount
ing the story of hersuceor, with blood and
treasure, of a people struggling for liberty,
it would have be»e.n changed to one of the
darkest in her an pals.
Then, bow shall we escape the condemna
i 1 Swell Overcoats
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C v - plates are flexible, only a trifle
EXTRACTING FItKK when best nlsites thicker than heavy writing paper, flt
im ordered. ALL our noikls guarnn- closer and adhere better to the roof
iroil tv be tli« very best. None better of the mouth. Particles of food and
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1 much you pay. They will last longer, are stronger
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S Lady attendant for ladle- and children. M they wll give first, being flexible
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| Rooms HO to 86 U>7 North Spring St. work.
CONSUMPTION CURED M IWSST
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tion of history, if we be guilty of a like ot
fer.se? Are we grown so barge as: to be no
longer am enable to the laws which should
govern nations? So large that we may hope
to tteuape the judgment, unerring aud mer
ciless, at the bar of history"
We cheat but ourselves if we think so.
UYKUS F. M'NLTT.
Los Angeles, December IS, 1898.
Pretty Women Seldom Make Pretty
Pictures
"It is a curious fact," said an experi
enced Xew Orleans photographer, "that
it isn't the handsomest women who make
the handsomest pictures. I'll venture the
assertion that nine-tenths' of the women
who are noted for their beauty are poor
subjects for the camera, and it is undenia
ble that the more striking and attractive
photos are those of people who seem plain
and insignificant in life. Why is it'/ Well,
a beauty nearly always owes her 1 charm to
something beyond reach of the lens—to her
complexion, lier hair or the vivacity of her
expression. Very few such women have reg
ular features, and when they are reproduced
in plain black and white they are at a
great disadvantage. Their photographs are
generally unsatisfactory and are really not
correct likenesses. On the other hand, a
woman who is regarded a-' homely may have
singularly perfect lines, but attracts no at
tention through lack of animation or color.
I'l cite you a queer instance: A dozen or so
years ago Maude Branscombe was the most
popular model in the United States for pho
tographic 'art studios.' Her bestipose was
as a nun, nnd her pictured face was strik
ingly beautiful. Thousands upon thousands
of people have raved over her loveliness,
but the real Mis* Branscombe, whom 1
had the pleasure of knowing, was a demure,
pale little woman who would never in the
world attract the slightest attention In a
crowd. Without a doubt she was pa-sed
unnoticed by many a person who treasured
her portrait as a marvel.!' —Xew Orleans
Times-Democrat.
Electric Light From the Hand
It seerruJ almost, incredible that the human
hand has inch strong electrical qualities that
it gives out an electric light iSkean incandes
cent lamp, but that is what is shown by
photographic plates made by Prof. Adrien
Maiewski, the famous Parisian scientist.
"The pictures which 1 have obtained," the
professor said, "have been made by the sim
ple process' of placing my hand over a sensi
tive plate in a dark room. After fifteen or
twenty minutes of contact the image which
appeared on the plate was almost as dis
tinct as if my hand had been photographed
by sunlight. Whether all persons' hands
give out sufficient electrical rays to make
a photographic, impression 1 am unable to
state, lt is possible that only people with
strong magnetic qualities can prodkice this
effect. I have long been aware that my
hands gave but a strong magnetic influence.
It was this which prompted me to sec
whether this electricity would make any
impression on a photographic plate. To my
surprise I found they did. I also found
that these luminous jets or currents which
ladiate from the hand flow freely between
bands of persons in sympathy with one an
other. Ilut in the cases of persons not in
sympathy the electrical currents as shown
on a photographic plate are turned back and
flow in opposite directions." —New York
Journal.
Jokes From Catalogues
A delightful story is told of a bookseller's
catalogue, in which the following entries
appeared:
Patti, Adelina, Life of.
" oysters, how to make.
This case is fully paralleled in the latest
volume of the "English Reference Cata
logue," a very important bibliographical
publication, where the following entries ap
pear:
Lead, Copper.
— Metallurgy.
Kindly Light (Newman).
Poisoning.
Lack of Realty
It is said that Spain boasts that she Is
now financially better off than at any time
for years. If she can manage to have a war
with the United States every now and then,
lose a few Islands and get »20,000,000. what
Is to hinder Spain from becoming a bloated
'plutocrat?— Rock Island Argus.
PASSING PERSONALITIES
Falguier is now the most fashionable oi
French sculptors in every acceptation of the
word, for bis work enjoys immense vogue,
and, witli the possible exception of CarolM
Duran, he has no rival among artists as a
society darling. His feminine admirers
are legion, and most of the prettiest women
iv Paris arc present at his exhibitions.
Owing to tbe damp and cold weather tha
I mpress Eugenic, who has recently been in
her usual ground-lb>or rooms ut the Hotel
Continental in Paris, lias been unable to go
out, according to her custom, cai tbe ter
race of the TuilerieS, She was under Or.
Robin's treatment, and although obliged to
remain in a reclining position for many hours
during the day, she considerably improved
iv health after her arrival in Paris. Tho
presence of the empress close to the scene of
fer former glories is almost unnoticed in ths
gay capital. lier name has nearly fallen
into oblivion with the new generation which
has risen, since she reigned, well night thirty
years ago, at tbe Tuilcries and presided over
tbe most brilliant court in Kurope.
The election of a new president of the
Paris salon has brought out interesting
anecdotes of the late one, Puvia de Chavaa
i.cs. He is said to have been tbe sim
plest of men. He lived in his work,
v hich he began at S in tbe morning and kept
at till night, without even stopping fof
luncheon. Friends who wanted to see him
went before 8, ami be came out to meet
them in a loose bathrobe aud barefooted.
One of his bobbies was cleanliness, nnd in
his personal habits lie was of the most ex
treme daintiness. His studio, liko every
thing that surrounded him, was severely
simple, but be had it arranged with certain
of tbe properties of a little theater, with a
system of pulley.-, iv the basement by which)
he could lower and raise his canvases.
Costa Rica's Charming President
Washington is filled with notables, and
they continue to arrive from all parts of the
world and on all possible missions. The
young executive of Costa Rica is tbe chief)
guest at this moment, and has been enter
tained by the president, the cabinet, the
diplomatic corps and by many private peo
ple who have some claim on his attention.
President Iglesias. is a young man of grace
ful bearing and pleasing manners, nnd has
made an agreeable impression by his tact
and tbe lively appreciation of tbe hospital
ity shown him. President Iglcsias expresses
a great admiration for the president, who
invariably gains the admiration of strangers
by tbe dignity of his bearing and the win
ning simplicity of his manners. Although
in constant demand socially, he has not
neglected tbe duties incumbent on tourists,
and has industriously visited all the places
of popular interest, accompanied usually
by some member of his staff. Fortunately,
he speaks English well, having learned it
when he visited this country fifteen years
ago, and his knowledge of American institu
tions shows that he has kept informed ofj the
state of affairs in tho United/States.—Wash
ington Letter.
Congratulations in the West
This is how the Salt Lake City Tribune
felicitates a railway officer upon his recent,
marriage: "A thousand congratulations to
Superintendent Welby on his happy change
of domestic state. May his car of life always
be a palace, safe ever on the guide rail,
smooth a sihough roses were the ballast,
and happy as if there were no such things
in the world as. competitive rates. lie now
has a monopoly; may he never lose his high:
appreciation of that blessed privilege."
First Newspaper in Lapland
A decided novelty in the way of news
fjaper enterprise is announced from Lap
land. The first paper in that country has
appeared. It is written upon a single sheet
of paper, and itl published every Sunday at
a town with an unpronounceable n.iine. t'p
to the present the journal has only half a
dozen subscribers, and every issue is wel
comed with loud applause.
Kindly Criticism
"Have you seen that novel Tlmmlns Is
working on? I understand that it Is to ba
historical."
"1 dunno whether to call It historical or
classical. I know that all the epigrams ara
to be found ln ancient history."—ludlanap.
. oils Journal.

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