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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, December 20, 1898, Image 3

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SCHOFIELD IS FRANK
IK STATING CAUSES OF ARMY
FRICTION
LONG AND VARIED EXPERIENCE
Enables Him to Make Suggestions
Likely to Result in Improvement
of the Service
Special Correspondence to The Herald
, WASHINGTON, Dec. 19.-Much com
ment has been aroused by General Scho
field s's frank statement before the house
military affairs committee in regard]to the
"general of the army." He says that there
is no such officer, and never has been ex
cept for one year, when it was held by Gen
eral Grant.
General Schofield undoubtedly knows
whereof he speaks. Besides having spent
a lifetime in the army he at one period held
the posts oi secretary of war, general of the
army anil adjutant general, all at once, and
had an excellent opportunity to learn al! the
innncr working of the system,
He asserted lhat there was no act of con-
gress authorising any auoh rank. Tha gen
eral of the army was merely the senior offi
cer assigned hy the president to com
mand the army. Tlie president could re
move him at any time and place him on
waiting orders, and appoint the officer next
in rank to the post. Then he could also
relieve this successor in a similar way, and
then relieve another and another, until he
had gotten down to the officer that he wished
to place in command. Tlie only limitation
on this Wat that he could not order the
Senior officer In duty under the junior, hut
must merely put him on waiting orders, thus
mortifying him and injuring the morale of
the army. The result was that the presi
dent rarely exercised this power.
We therefore have a secretary of war, a
cabinet officer chosen by the president and
enjoying his confidence, and a senior gen
era] not appointed by him, and perhaps
hostile to him, both assuming to command
the army. Hence friction was-always'aris
ing, and unless the general was; an unusually
good manager, the secretary soon took lo
ignoring him and Issuing orders directly,
As a matter of history this had almost in
variably been the result.
General Schofield therefore advocated that
congress should frankly recognize this fact,
nnd should provide that the president might
Select his general from the major general's
list, appoint him an acting lieutenant gen
erant with larger pay. Thus he would be
congenial to the president,and friction wit'i
the secretary of war would be largely avoid
ed. When a new president came in,
he could appoint a new general, and the
former one could retire or return to duty.
There would be no mortification over this
any more than now exists in the navy over
the appointment of acting rear admirals like
Sampson and Schley.
Moreover, and this point was emphasized,
this would not increase the legal powers of
the president in the least. He is now com
mander in chief of the army and navy by
the constitution, and no one can take that
power away from him or from bis delegate,
the secretary of war. Tiie only real ef
fect of the change would be to enable him
to select his general without mortifying
other gallant soldiers, and to reduce fric
tion in the army.
The plan, sometimes suggested, to put the
secretary and the general on an equality ot
to make the general superior, General Scho
field thought impracticable, as it would in
volve an amendment to the constitution de
priving the president of the command of the
army.
In other words. General Schofield wished
it to be made clearly evident by law that
the general in command of the army waaex
pressly, us he is actually, the chief of staff
of the president. At the same time, while
his mere verbal importance might be slight
ly diminished by this, his actual power
should be increased.
It is a singular fact, according to General
Schofield, that the heads of the great staff
departments, which pay the men, clothe
them, inspect them and feed them, are prac
tically independent of the general who com
mands them. This was tlie cause of a
great deal of suffering during the war. The
staff department officers report to their
heads in Washington, anil not to the general
commanding in the field, or even to the
senior general in Washington. Order?'are
even now daily being sent out from Wash
ington of the gravest import to the welfare
of the army of which the commanding gen
eral knows absolutely nothing, and which
the secretary does ' not appreciate or
prepare for. In other words there are
half a dozen practically independent little
empires within the army .vhose heads
even the secretary would find it difficult to
remove. The system was ridiculous, but
Would be hard to break up because the de
partment would all fight to retain their
powers.
If the general of the army had the confi
dence of the president, as he would have ii
selected by him and was allowed to issue
orders only in the name of the president or
of his delegate, the secretary of war, and
was further given control under the secre
tary of the staff departments, his Influence
would be greatly increased, and the anom
aly, often known in the United States, of a
"general in command'" of the army being
prncticnlly subordinate to the adjutant gen
eral would be avoided in future.
Although General Schofield took care not
to say so, it was evident throughout that he
had present conditions' in his mind. Under
his plan the president could have selected
an acting lieutenant general, in whom he
had confidence, for the war, and the com
mand would not have rested with General
Corbin, as it practically did. Probably, too,
if (ieneral Miles had been chosen as this
lieutenant general, as he probably would,
there would have beem less friction with
Secretary Alge'r.
CRITTENDEN MARRIOTT.
DEAD AND DOWN TREES
The Only Kind Grown on Indian
Lands
WASHINGTON, Dec. 10.-Special Indian
Agent Jenkins, in a report on the question
submitted to Commissioner of Indian Af
fairs, on the investigation of the timber op
erations on the Chippewa Reservation, in
Minnesota, makes some statements radically
differing from those in other reports
I '? 4 ' f lUrinß the l ' lSt year,
48,919,948 feet of reservation pine Umber
cut and banked there, were sold at an aver
age of $4.75 per thousand. There were
thirty-two camps in operation and there
were 88 1-3 per cent of the wages due the
laborers in the camps of the settlement.
On the diminished reservation, the spec
ial agent says there were 22,282,007 feet cut
and banked, sold at $4.96 per thousand, and
the laborers- were paid 95V4 percent of the
amount due them on settlement.
He says the trouble was in the manage
ment of the camp. Owing to the inability
of many of the camps to pay, the laborers
claim they were last to be paid and scores
of Indians did not receive the wages they ex
pected and hence serious complaint arose.
Of fifty three camps in operation the past
fiscal year, many employed Indian labor
and very few had over 60 per cent, the
Indian labor average being from 15 to 20
per cent. The system of stores maintained
by the camps with their exorbitant prices
and credit to Teckless Indian laborers, it
stated to have been the cause of dissatisfac
tion. And the accounts were not promptly
itemized and they are loosely made out with
no apparent check on purchases and give
abundant opportunity for fraud."
The chief source of all the Indian com
plaints was that the green timber of the
reservation was being ruthlessly cut down
and destroyed under pretense of being dead
und down timber.
ON THE TURF
Winners of Races Run on the Ingle
side Track
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 19.—Weather at
Inglesldo rainy; track sloppy. Results:
One mile, selling—Judge Wofford won,
Gratify second, F'ollcitc third; time, 1:1 C.
Mile nnd a quarter, selling—Lady Hurst
won, Major Hooker second, Flidud third;
time, 2:11%.
One mile, selling— Rey del Tlerra won,
Myth second, David Tenny third; lime,
1:44.
One mile, Owners' handicap—Morlnga
won, La Goleta second, liuckwa. third;
time, 1:4214.
Four and a half furlongs, selling—Doti't
Tell won, Raotvan second, My Hear third;
time, :."i7.
Six furlongs, selling—Lodestar won. I'at
Murphy second, Wyoming third; time,
I.'ITH.
At New Orleans
NEW ORLEANS, Dec. 18.—Weather fine;
track heavy. Results-:
One mile nnd twenty yards—l'inkey Pot
ter won. Traveler second, Can I flee 'Km
third; time, 1:6%
Seven furlongs, selling— Dr. Vaughan
won, Anttfa second, Morning third; time,
I:Sr>'i.
Mile and a sixteenth, handicap, hurdles—
Bralteman won, Protus second, Alamo
third; time, 2:8054.
Seven furlongs, handicap—Ram Lasarus,
Esq., won, Loiterer second, Klkln third;
t!,ne, 1:31.
Mile and a sixteenth—Dr. Marks won,
I'atrouii second, Hampden third; time
1 :!i9.
INGLESIDE RACES
Commissions Taken by Black & Co.
Ingleslde Race Entries
Hluck & Co., 113 South Broadway, will re
ceive entries nnd take commissions on the
Ingleslde races, held under the auspices of
the PacUlO Coast Jockey club:
Entries will be posted dally nnd complete
service by wire. Following arc the entries
for today:
First nice, six furlongs, selling—Good
Hop", 103; Anchored, KM; Golden Days, 10.";
Horton, 108; Survivor. 108; StrongoU. 110.
Second race, six furlongs, selling—Alum
inum, 109; Pat .Murphy, 114; Torlblo, 114;
Plgg, 117; Mlstleton, 117; Rossomro, 119;
Gov. Bheehan, 122.
Third race, one mile, selling—Doardman
78; ticoronn, 81; Dunpi-al.se, 87; Imperious
08; Dr. Bernaye, 98; Hardly, 101; First Call,'
I'M: Daisy F„ 104; Collins, 107; Hencmela,
107; Hazard, 107; Dick Behan, 110.
Fourth race, mile and a quarter, selling-
Prince Biases, 90; Sardonic 91; Goiobed
93; Red Glenn, 102; Topmast, 109.
Fifth race, seven furlongs, purse—Moco
rtto, 94; Bendoran, 102; Montgomery, 104;
Imp. Mistral 11, 107; Rubicon, 107.
Sixth race, eleven sixteenths of a mile
selling-Byron Cross, 107; Smyle, 107; Kam
sln. 107; Ft Vonado, 110; Ferrl. r, 110- Sweet
\\ llllam. 110; Dr. sharp, 110; Henry C 110
Weather cloudy; track sloppy.
EXPANSION POLICY
Cordially Supported by the People of
Japan
SEATTLE. Was!,., Dec. ll)._Comm.mder
imori. who is on his way to San Francisco
to take charge of the new Japanese cruiser
I bltose, says the policy of expansion which
has been adopted by the United States re
ceives tbe most cordial moral support of the
Japanese irom sontimental and commercial
Commander Imori places Admiral Dewev
in the same class with Admirals Ito anil
Nelson.
"He is not only a great naval officer"
said he, 'but a General and a statesman "
He did not know Admiral Dewey person
ally, but he saw tlie reselt of his Work
having arrived at Manila in command of the
cruiser Naimva, to look out for the Japanese
Interests there,
Commander Imori thinks a considerable
portion of the future contracts for war
ships will be let to American firms. One of
the principal reasons for this aside from
the superior workmanship will be because
tho United States is nearer to the home
country so that the vessels can be taken
across the Pacific without Ihe long voyaae
DID NOT SETTLE
Colgan Wants Instructions on County
Suits
STOCKTOX, Dee. lfl.-Countv Treasurer
Kemck, acting on the advice of Controller
Colgan, did not make his settlement with
I t( ? dn} V ?""'•< t0 question raised
about thle legal fees and commissions, to be
allowed county officers, for collecting
moneys for thee state. A suit was com
menoed here a few days ago to collect from
the state 140,000 claimed to be due ns exce"«
of moneys naid into the treasury during the
past four fiscal years. Suits are being al
ready commenced in other counties by the
same attorneys-, who have made cont'raets
to collect the same on commission and the
state officer desires to await tbe instruc
tions of the attorney general
Death of Dr. Brown
NEW YORK, Dec.. 10.-The Rev. Dr.
Thomas Mckce Drown, for 28 years rector
Of the Episcopal Church of St. Mary the
\ irgin, elieif today of pneumonia J) r
lirown was a leader in the ritualistic move
ment in the Episcopal Church, his attitude
so antagonizing Bijhop Potter that for a
time the latter refused to confirm classes
in St Mary the Virgin's Church. Dr. Drown
introduced orchestral music and advocated
the elevation of the Host. He introduced
the surpliced choir ami altar candles and in
stalled a confessional. His congregation he
(aught to cross themselves and kneel when
passing the altar and to use holy water
W hen thet new Church of St. Mary the
Virgin was opened, Bishop Potter was' pres
ent to dedicate it. The classes from S
Marys were then confirmed at St. Thomas'
and Father Brown's triumph was complete
An Office Abolished
SAN JOSE, Cal., Dec. 19.-For more than
two years this- county has employed a game
warden at an expense of $100 a month. At
a meeting of the Supervisors today the
office was discontinued by a majority vote.
The office hns been the subject of much
comment and entered into the recent cam
paign. It is claimed that the money paid
out was illegal and' that suit to recover it
may be brought against the County Auditor
and bondsmen.
A New Lead Trust
ST. LOUIS, Dec lftr-The Republic tomor
row will say: Negotiation* are reported'tn
be in progress for the consolidation of all
the lend companies in Missouri, with the
Intention of organising one mammoth cor
poration. As far as can be learned the pro
moters (tf the deal are capitalists interested
in the National Lead company, controlling
nearly every white lead plant in the United
States, about fifty in number.
LOS ANGELES HERALD: TUESDAY MORNING. DECEMBER 20, 1896
THE PRESIDENT'S TRIP
CONTINUES TO ROUSE MUCH
ENTHUSIASM
TROOPS REVIEWED AT MACON
Results of the War Referred to and
the South Complimented for
Its Loyalty
Associated Press Special Wire
MACON, Ga, Dec. 18.—The president
| and his party were received here by thY
largest crowd which has gathered ii. Macon
since the last visit of Jefferson Davis to
fins city.
Drawn up in front of the station was" the
Bibb County camp of the Confederate Sur
vivors' association, 100 strong, headed' by
Commander C. M. Wiley. As tlx president
reached the old Confederates lie was hailed
bj- Col. Wiley, who welcomed l the visitors
in a felicitous speech.
As the president was about to proceed,
Dr. Roland! 11. Hall, another veteran, ad
dressed him as-follows:
".Mr. President: lv behalf of. our noble
dead and as Confederate veterans, we are
here- to manifest, our appreciation of the
noble and generous sentiment you have re
cently uttered. Do us the honor, -ir, to ac
cept and wear this badge of a Confederate
veterans' association, which bears your
tikencetj and words which should endear yon
to the hearts of i very Confederate."
"I ilVi not know that it would be proper,"
said the president.
"But you must," said Dr. Hall, and with
out further ceremony l the president marched
ahead with Judge Speer. The sight of the
Confederate badge on the president's coat
as he- passed through the lines of veterans
called forth vociferous cheering.
The president wore the badge during his
stay in Macon. The presidential party was
driven in a carriage to the stand/where the
president was to review tlie troops of Gen
eral Dates' division of Genera! Wilson's
army corps. As his carriage pass-ed the Con
federate monument an old Confederate
veteran frantically waved' a Confederate
fag, while by his side was the son of the
colonel of one of Georgia's hardest fighting
Confederate regiments who was as vigorous
ly waving the Stars and Stripes.
When the president was abreast of him
the iwo flags were brought to a isJuU side
by side. The incident seemed! to appeal to
the president. EmbUvtoned on the base of
the monument were the words of the presi
dent about the graves of the Confederate
de-ud.
The troops made a line appearance in re
view. After the review a gnat crowdi gath
ered about the stand, though a steady rain
was railing.
Following is President MeKinley's speech
from the reviewing stand:
"It gives me great pleasure to meet and
greet the citizens of Macon, with many of
whom I have been associated in public life.
It has given me pleasure to witness the re
view ol the soldiers'of the L'nited States.
"How much, indeed, has this nation to
be thankful for at this hour. With what
reverent gratitude we should express our
thankfulness to Divine Providence, Who has
so tenderly cared for the American per.pie.
We havejbeealat war with a foreign power.
That war ended atten 113 days of conflict —
a conflict on two ocecaaionv—a conflict in
he east and in the west, 12,000 miles apart,
with 50,000 of our soldiers on distant shores
and 20,000 sailors and maraines afloat, with
a los s in army and navy of less than 2000 and
Withont the loss of a ship or sailor or soldier
or tlag by Capture. Never before was there
a more magnificent army mustered, and
never was an army mustered for a holier
cause or for a more glorious (lag than the
Stars and Stripes. (Cheers and applause).
"On the 24th day of this month, the day.
before Christmas', our peace cc-mi'.imis-ioii
ers will deliver to the president of the
l'nited State? a treaty of peace, a treaty
with honor, peace with the blessings of
tidings to a struggling people rast and west.
"I congratulate my people in another fact:
We have not triumphed over our enemy
alone, but we have triumphed over our own
prejudices, and we are now a united coun
try. (Prolonged cheers and applause),
"It has done my heart good to witness
the demonstration-, of patriotism from one
end of this country to the other. Six
weeks ago I went to the extreme west. I
met there a wave of patriotism. I come to
the south and I witness the same spirit of
loyalty and devotion to a common country
with a common faith, under a common Hag'
(Applause).
"I know this- great audience wants to see
the heroes of the war. They are here witli
you—Shaffer and Wheeler and Lawton and
Hates nnd others- who were conspicuous in
the rcecirt conllict. (Cheers). And 1
give way that you may have the pleasure
of meeting them and other distinguished
genlemen who are in my party as I journey
through the south." (Oreatapplause)
An address was- sent to the president by
the ( onfederate heroes Tt was- placed on
the pedestal of the Confederate monument
OTHER SPEAKERS
ihe president's remarks were frequently
Interrupted by cheers.
Then tin re were loud calls for Oeneral
W heeler, who responded briefly
General Shafter was next called and'made
a hrirf speech.
General I.awton would not speak, but ap
peared! ou the stand and bowed.
General Rates said a dozen or two words
and then General \\ -'son delivered l an elo
quent addres-s.
The presidential party was taken in
charge by the committee and driven about
the city until it was time to take their de
parture for Augusta.
Arrival at Augusta
AUGUSTA, Ga., Doc. 10.-The demon
stration in Aiijjiista t his evening in honor
ot l resident McKinley wag a fitting cMroax
to one of the most remarkable president lil
tours ever undertaken. At Wheeler station
four miles from Augusta, the party left the
train and tillered carriage*. On either side
of tho roadi leading to Camp Mt-Ken/.ie were
drawn up six troops oil the Third cavalry
that saw service with General Shatter hi
Cuba. In the heart of the city a reviewing
stand had'been erected and from it the pres
ident and party reviewed*the cavalry. The
crowd was very great and enthusiastic.
General Wheeler was the hefrO, Augusta
being his birthplace. General Shafter was
also given an ovation!
A unique feature of the demonstration
was a company of uniformed veterans of the
Confederacy with, their battle-scarred flags
Having with the Stars and Stripes. They
were under command' of Major Withers,
aged and bent, clothed in the historic gray
of the lost cause. The spectacle was a most
touching one. They stood immediately in
front of the president during his address
and no cheers in the vast throng were more
hearty than theirs.
General Wheeler, General Shafter. Sec
retary Alger, Secretary Gage and .Postmas
ter General' Smith' spoke briefly. At 7:30
the journey to Washington was resumed..
A TEXAS DUEL
The Shotgun Proves Superior to the
Pistol
ST. LOUIS, Dec lf>.—A special to the Dis
patch from Dallas' today says Jake Still was
killed by B. li. Ray on the Pandhandle
plains, sixteen miles north of Clarendon, Inst
Saturday, and it became known today that
the shooting was in reality a duel over a
woman. The name of a daughter of one of
the principals figured in neighborhood talk.
On Saturday Still passed Ray's house, when
the latter called him back and said: "Jake,
are you ready to straighten up that talk you
haye r been making':"
" Yea, I'm as ready as I'll be. Get your ma
terial und come on, ' said Still.
Hay came out with a shotgun and a six
shooter. Still had dismounted from his
horse and fired his pistol at Kay, missing
the hitter's head.
Ray fired one barrel at Still's horse, drop
ping it, and then emptied the other barrel
and his pistol in Still a body, killing him. Ray
went to Clarendon, gave himself up, ani
was released on bonds of $3600.
SUIT FOR A MILLION
It Will Go to the Supreme Court for
Decision
BOSTON, Dec. 19.—Judge Blodgett, in
the second jury session of the superior court
today, directed the jury iv the $176,000 ac
tion brought by C. W. Norton against Wil
liam S. Marin and John Ballard ol Califor
nia, to render a verdict for the defendants,
and I he jury did SO.
The suit was brought to recover damages
In that sum for an alii ged br< ach ol contract
by defendants. In their refusal to -ell plain
tiff one hundred thousand shares ol the
capital stock in the Rawhide Gold Mining
company at $15 per chare or for $1,600,000, a
price agreed upon with an agent on a cer
tain date. The defense was that the de
fendants had, after their agreement, changed
the minimum price at which they would tell
to 120 per share, a. they had reserved their
niiht to do s,, and that the plaintiff had i o
tics 0i the change.
The case will be taken to the supreme
court.
SPANISH MINISTERS
Will Hand in Their Resignations
Today
MADRID, Dec. 19.—1t is semi-offlcially
announced that the Bpani»h Ministers will
place then- reaignntions in the hands of the
oueen Regenl tomorrow. The friends of
Premier Sagaata and Senor Rios declare
they are in full accord on all questions of
policy.
The most discussed solution of the crisis
is a Sagas-try ministry, to include among its
members General Weyler, Senor Romero y
Kooledo and Senor Canalejaa y Mi odes, ora
Rios Ministry, comprising representatives
of the different croups of the majority, or
a Martinez de Campos Ministry, including
Senor Silvela and other Conccrvatives.
In the event of the first or the last the
Cortes will be dissolved.
The general commanding the northern
army has proclaimed the closure from tomor
row of all Carlists clubs and societies in his
district.
A. SEVERE STORM
Arizona Reports Three Deaths—-Stock
Suffers Severely
PRESCOTT, Dec 10.- Reports received
during the last few days indicate that the
recent storm was more severe in the moun
tains than was formerly thought, and it is
predicted that it will result in considerable
10.-> ol stock. Thirty thousand sheep are
repotted snowed in at Rattlesnake tanks,
Mogallon mountaint, the snow being forty
inches deep, with no possibility of getting
riiecp out. Several bards of sheep ell route
to Salt Riyi r valley from the corth'i m part
of the territory are snowbound near Camp
Verde and the sheep are dying. Snow
fully thirty inches deep is reporled|lrom
Verde valley, the heaviest known in thirty
years being twelve inches. The d, ad bodies
of three men were recently found at differ
ent points in the mountains, overcome- bj
exposure in the storm, and afterward frees
ing to death.
Oriental Interests
M'.W YORK, D. c. 19.—American, Brit
ish, Uerman and Japanese merchants' in
Shanghai, ( bina, have forwarded, through
their consuls, identical pretests to their min
isters at I eking against the extension of the
trench area to exclusive control of Shang
hai Hear Admiral Lord Charles. Beret
ford, whd representa the Brltiah Astsociated
chambers ol commerce, attended tlie meei
ing at Which the decision was arrived at to
forward the protests. The British cruiser
Iphigenia arrrived nt Shanghai Saturday
Chma. interprets her arrival as meaning
that Great Britain willl oppose enforcement
of tho French claims.
Sued the Sheriff
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 19.-George K.
White, known as the "Mendocino cattle
king, filed suit against Sheriff Whalen to
recoverJ2s.ooo damages for the alleged nn
lawful seizure of certain letters and papers
several weeks ago. The suit has its origin
m certain litigation which resulted in a
juognie-nt against White. An atachment
a- ~vied up,,,, White's property and Sher
ff \\ halen was charged wlh the duty ot
seizing anything in eight in satisfaction o
the Judgment. White declares that the
seizure was legally unauthorised, and that in
consequence thereof he suffered damages
the sum prayed I'or. B
Cadwallader Acquitted
STOCKTON, Dee. 10.-A letter from In
diana to a friend of C. 11. Cadwallader in
this city -ays Cadwallader was recently ac
quitted of the charge of bank wrecking"
that state, Cadwallader is the young mar
who was arrested h„ro by local officeftand
held tor an Indiana sheriff, and was rushed
on of the state or. a special engine to beat
habeas corpus. At Truckee a. writ issued
by a Sacramento judge was. served on the
MieriH, trot he went on and made fast time
to his home town. The trial lasted twentv
two day--. It was the Unioj City National
Dank- that the young man was charged With
having wrecked. b
Poisoned Candy
SACRAMENTO, Dec. 10.-A lady bring
11, the suburbs of the city ate some Chinese
made candy a couple of days ago and subse
quently became very ill. The attending
Physician say- she was poisoned, and he
thinks tiie candy was made in a copper ket
tle and left to cool therein, thus becomJna
impregnated with verdigris. Today the
victim was reported to be on the road' to re
covery.
A Narrow Escape
EAKTVILLK. 111., Dec. 19.-Burllngton
train No. 3.> last night was flagged and
stopped within a foot of a 1800-pouud horse
caught by the foot in a crossing. Charles
Doming, a farmer, and sister were driving
a team in tlie darkness, when one horse
stuck fast. The young woman ran half a
mile to get help and a lantern at the coVe of
the town.
Counterfeiters Caught
BUFFALO, N. V., Dec. 19.—About $700
in spurious coin was captured in an Italian
tenement house in Scott street today. The
supposed counterfeiters are under arrest in
the persons of Frank Perrel anil Pasquale
Antonach, who were captured Saturday
evening while engaged in passing the count
erfeit money,
Fashoda Evacuated
CAIRO. Dec 19.—Major Marchand and
his party evacuated Fashoda during the
morning of December 11, when the French
flag was lowered and the' British ami Egyp
tian Hags were hoisted. The French detach
ment started for the Sobat river.
A Frederic Fund
LONDON, Dec. 19.—A* fund has been
opened to make provision for the widow
and children of Harold Frederic, tbe Amer
ican correspondent, whom he left de'slitute.
CHICAGO, Dec. 10.—At a meeting of the
general officers of the W. C. T. U. the dates
for the next annual m", ;in« at Seattle were
lixed at October HO to October 25, 1899.
NEW YORK, Doc IH.—Ambassador Jules
Canibon will sail from Havre for New York
on January 7 to resume liis duties at Wash
ington.
FEDERATED LABORERS
.STOP SPEECH MAKING AND DO
BUSINESS
THE RESOLUTIONS AS PASSED
i
Demand Government Ownership of
Telegraphs and Equal Pay for
Work Done by Women
Associated Press Special Wire
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Dec. 10- The
'American Federation of Labor opened the
ssooml week of it* annual convention today,
j with many resolutions still unpassed upon.
; Today there was shown a desire to hurry
1 through with the business, and speech*
I Making was left for another time.
One of t ho resolut ion - was lot government
ownership of a system of telegraph line ■ and
tlie adoption ot" a postal telegraph system.
This latter resolution was ths same stere
otyped resolution introduced in thejinnual
Convention, anil provides for a system of
telegraph lines supervised by the postoffiee
department.
John M. Hunter, president of the United
Iron Workers of Illinois, shook the con
vention up by reviewing the strike at. Vn
den, where the strikers only obtained a
Victory after battle and bloodshed. He
thanked Governor Tanner for not calling
out troops to protect the mine owners.
The convention again put itself on record
concerning tiie Woman worker problem by
adopting this resolution:
"in view of the awful condition under
which women are compelled to toil, this,
the eighteenth annual convention of the
American Federation ot Labor strongly
urges the more general formation of trade
unions of wage working women, to the md
thai they may scientifically and permanently
abolish the terrible evils accompanying
their weakness! because not organized, and
we emphatically reiterate the trade union
demand thai women receive equal compen
sation for equal labor performed."
The executive council was instructed to
petition President McKinley foi the par
don of K. W. Clarke, who is serving a life
sentence at Thomaston, .Maine. Clarke was
one of the crew ol the ship Jefferson Bor
den, which mutined between New Orleans
and Liverpool and murdered the ship's mate
jin 1M7I). Three of the crew were arrested,
and oncan Englishman, receiving assistance
from the British government, got oil with
a ten-year sentence, ( lark and a sailor
named Miller were, sent, to jail lor life.
Miller died and Clark is an imbecile. A
plea will lie made for his pardon.
Tiie federation struck from its constitu
tion the two cents per mile per capita tax
to support striking organizations.
The iron-bound boycott of the Cigar
mnkers' union against Carl Hoffman, the
Now York oigarmaker, was indorsed by the
federation.
'The report of the committee, which was
against action on I lie question of jurisdic
tion in the typographical case until th,. re
sult of the 1. T. L . referendum should be
announced on January 1, l.sil!), and suggest
ing conciliation, was-'finally adopted with
but three dissenting voles! These were
O'Connell of Chicago, Warner and Keid of
New iork.
Samuel 11. Donnelly of New York, presi
dent of the Typographical union, who led
the fight against the machinists and fought
for the adoption of the committee resolu
tion, claims the vote to be a victory for the
union.
It was decided today to bring) the struggle
oi an i ight-hour day by inserting a provision
the year 10(10. On .May Ist of that year
the granite cutters of America, will ask their
employers to choose between yielding to
their demands for an eight-hour day or
Buffering tlie consequences of a general
strike.
James Duncan, the delegate to the conven
tion from the granite workers, announced
their decision on the Door of the convention
tins evening, and asked the support of the
federation. He said the granite workers had
committed themselves to the introduction
ofan eight-hour day by inserting aprovision
to that end iv their constitution.
Following Duncan's statement the conven
tion adoptecl unanimously a report sub
mitted by David Black, chairman of the
committee on an eight-hour work day,
pledging to the granite cutters in their com
ing struggle the moral and material support
ot all affiliated organizations of the .Ann ri
ean Federaiton of Labor. The speeches
on the subject indicated a general belief that
the employing granite cutlers will not stand
out against the demand.
Another work of importance accomplished
l>y the convention locfay was the settlement
of the contention between the- local and na
tional organizations of waiters. Acting upon
the report ol" the board of arbitration ap
pointed last week, the convention ordered
tlie holding of a general convention of
waiters local unions in Chicago on March
(Jth, next, at which it is expected all dif
ferences will bo adjusted, both factions
having pledged the arbitration board to
abide by the legislation 0 f the Chicago
convention. The urbiarators also de
manded, and were promised, lhat the con
flict ing local unions in Chicago and St. Louis
Should be amalgamated at once. This dis
pute ot the waiters has extended throughout
the country, and at one time threatened to
disrupt the federation.
The socialist delegates were again sat
down upon by the convention today They
urged the federation to send delegates to an
International trades union congress to be
held in Paris in HIIIO. A delegate, seeking
information, asked of Messrs. Thorno and
Inskrep, the fraternal delegates here from
the f British trades congress, their opinion
of the proposed Par.s congress. The Eng.
Ishmon both expressed the opinion that
it would be composed chiefly of socialists
and advised the federation to have nothing
to do with ,t Their rocommendat I
were concurred in by an overwhelming
A Labor Decision
WASHINGTON,. Dee. W.-Judge Brad
ley of the district criminal court today over-
K it i,! fWF et tw t'«e indictment in the
Knights ol Labor case, and, in a vigorous
decision, stated that again., such combines
as that alleged in the indictment tho injured
individual is at great disadvantage and re
quires the protection of the law. The case
is against district assembly Knight- of La
bor, who arc- charged with conspiring to in
jure the business of a local tradesman be
cause he refused to build certain wagons in
the District of Columbia, and the court in
overruling the demurrer, said a conspiracy
to injure "is a misdemeanor at common
law and indictable as such," and that an in
dictment will lie at common law for a ma
licious conspiracy to crush or ruin a third
perron In his trade or profession. The at
tempt by the defendants' says the court to
control and direct the pSainiff, was imper
tinent, arbitrary and oppressive interfer
ence with the rights and liberty of another
Six Easy Rounds
CHICAGO, Dee. 19.—J0( Choynski was
given the decision over Ed Dunkhorst of
Syracuse tonight after six rounds of right
ing. Dunkhorst weighed 2S) pounds n-hile
Choynski weighed but 102. Ohoynski
throughout the light was able to land pretty
much as he liked, although the big man came
back now and then with some heavy coun
ters. The decision wasieasjlij Choynski's.
Demands the Dossier
LONDON, Dee. 10. -The French court
of cassation, according to a special diSv
patch from Paris, has demanded the secret*
dossier, undertaking not to publish its con
tents.
Store open every evening this week.
Christmas and Coulter's
The Christmas touch is everywhere. The dash and flash of Christ
mas trading is on in all its glory. The strong arm of this store is
hammering on one anvil—Dry Goods. No toys, dolls or cheap
trinkets to take your attention from more worthy merchandise.
As Dry Goods Merchants selling only merchandise of high stand
ard quality al the lowest possible price, we call your attention to
large displays
Of Gift Linens —lncluding Towels, Napkins, Doylies,
Table Linens, Tray Cloths, Dresser Scarfs, etc.
Of Gift Dress Goods —lncluding Pattern Suits from $10
to $40. Fancy Plaids for waists, skirts and children's
dresses, and a beautiful line of Black Dress Fabrics.
Of Gift Neckwear —lncluding the most recent New
York and Par's novelties iv Jabots, Stock Collars,
Cogue and Ostrich Feather Boas, etc.
Of Children's Goods —lncluding Dresses, Sacques,
Cloaks, Bonnets, Mittens, Cushions, Bootees, Buggy
Robes, Shoes, Hose, etc.
Of Men's Articles— lncluding Smoking Jackets, Dress
ing Gowns, Bath Robes, Neckwear, Handkerchiefs,
Hose, Shirts, Canes, Umbrellas, etc.
If you want a sensible gift you will find it at Coulter's.
317=325 S. Broadway
Bet. Third and Fourth Sts.
SHIFTLESS FARMERS
SAID TO BE THE ONLY ONES
SUFFERING
In Any Case tlie Women and Children
at Lockwood Will Be
Cared For
SACRAMENTO, Dec. 19.—The Dee today
publlshi ■ a letter from I. 11. Woodruff, edi
tor ot tbe San Miguel Messenger, relative to
the stories to tbe effect that, owing to tbe
| drought people in the vicinity ow Lockwood,
Monterey county, are on the verge of starva
tion.
In the course of his letter editor Woodruff
says: "Though the railroad company has to
send out of the county for labor, the nickel
in the slot machines are overflowing with
nickels: gamblers have pockets well lined
with golden twenties, and there was ample
employment at fair wages forall in the Han
ford section during the summer season, just
passed, but destitution is alleged to, and
probably docs exist in this part of the State
as a result of the prolonged drought. And
notwithstanding that, the county treasurer's
office at San LuieObitpo and Monterey coun
ties are well filled with coin, and the super
visors have expressed and shown their wil
lingness to assist all worthy people iv need,
h lit f committees have been formed and con
tributed generously to the amelioration of
the eases of distress brought to notice, and
still a number of the people of Lockwood and
vicinity, in .Monterey county, have petitioned
the Governor for immediate aid.
"Supervisor Redmond of Monterey coun
ty and Supervisor Willot tf San Luis Obis
po county, have been over the districts
where the most suffering is said to exist
and where the effects of the drought) are said
to be the most disastrous', and are unable,
so they state, to see the large number of
people reported lo hi in sore straits. In
tact, the sympathies of these two officials
were so imposed upon, when, as the lirst
reports of want came to their notice, they
gave orders to various' merchants to fur
nish supplies and render accounts later,
that they now require, as a protection, re
quests for aid to be accompanied by peti
tions signed by responsible parties.
"It cannot be denied that tbe gaunt wolf
of famine stalks through many portions of
this famous valley of the Salinas, yet it is
a fact which creditable citizens affirm that
in some families which have partaken of
public charity there are able-bodied fathers
and sons unwilling to go from their miserable
homes to seek employment. And still,
innocent women and helpless children should
not be permitted to starve because their
proper providers ure shiftless, is equally
i true.
"Those competent to know state that!
there is no need for this condition of Suffer
ing among any of the people here. For when
some—not all—of the farmers have had an
over-abundance of straw they haveburqed
rattier than stack it; when the harvests
have been bounteous'a portion was not put
by for any emergency."
Aid Forwarded
SAX JOSE. Cal., Dec. 19.—A car loaded
with meat. Hour, bacon, potatoes, tea, coffee,
etc., to the value of $600 was sent from here
at 12:40 to the suffering people of Monterey
county. The provisions were purchased on
tiie order of a San Francisco morning paper,
the money, it is said, being subscribed, by
San Francisco people.
San Miguel Denies
SAX MIGUEL, Cal.. Dec. 10,—The re
ports of destitution in .Monterey county and
the petitioning of tlie gov,-nor for aid has
caused considerable excitement and no little
indignation here. The telegraphed state
ment that the situation in this vicinity is
"even worse than at iKngs l City," is erron
eous, and it is stated upon good authority
that although Bllfflcien supplies were fur
nished to aid ail in want, much of it never
reached the deserving, but was taken by
persons cither employed or not needing as
sistance. Leading farmers, ranch owners
and business men who wi re interviewed to
day claim that more harm than good will
result from overdrawn pictures' of the ef
fects of the drouth, and that the county's
resources are ample to care for the desti
tute.
S. P. EARNINGS
Show an Enormous Increase Over Last
Tear
SAN FRANCISCO. Dec 19—A financial
statement jusl issued hy the Southern Pa
cific company shows that for the month of
October the gross earnings of the company
reached $5,556,725. This is an increase of
$1,125,791 over the same month of lass year.
For the four months ending with October
31 last the gross earnings aggregated $20 ■
098,223, an increase of $1,3307920 over the
corresponding period of Inst year. During
the fiscal year c ndingJune 30,1898, the com
pany increased its gross earnings about S7,
000,000 over the figures for 1807/
The company has just placed with several
eastern firms contracts' for new cars and
locomotives of an aggregate value of about
$2,000,000.
Sailed for the South
HOI!APT. Tasmania, Dec. 10.-Captain
Borchgrevink's expedition has started for
the Antarctic regions.
THE CZAR'S REASONS
FOR ASKING THE NATIONS TO
DISARM
A Successful Modem War Means
National Ruin and a Defeat Is
Practical Annihilation
NEW YORK, Dec. 19—A dispatch to tha
Times from London says;:
At the great public conference held Sun
day afternoon in St. James Hall, favorng
an international ratification of the Czar's
peace proposition, William T. Stead said
that though he could not give the exact
words of the Czar in a recent interview,
the substance of what his majesty said was
as follows:
"1 look out over the world; I study our
civilization and I do not find it very good.
I see nations all engaged in seizing or try
ing to seize all territory not yet occupied
by European powers.
"1 look at the results. They do not seem
to me to be- good.
"For the native races what does imperial
expansion mean? Too often opium, alcohol,
and all manner of diseases, a great guif be
tween the governed and those who rule, and
crushing taxation upon the natives for the
blessings of this civilization.
"And for the nations who seize, what does
it mean? A continual increase of suspicion,
jealousy and rivalry, the heaping up of fleets
and armies in order to take part in the
scramble with the world, with the result
that the army and navy are swallowing
up mote and more millions that should be
used for the welfare of the people and the
advancement of the world.
"On top are a few very rich and com
fortable. Down below, with an ever-increas
ing pressure of taxes for armaments, is the
great mass of poor people whose position is
not very good. There is an ever-increasing
multitude of those below with their breed
ing discontent ripening into Socialism and
developing into all kinds of anarchy.
"Xo, 1 do not find our civilization good.
Why do we make it so? We have at the
present moment arrived at this stage that
we, put. ail our very best manhood in tlie
army. So much is this the case that we
cannot mobilize the whole fabric of the so
cial community.
"War has become so expensive that no
state can stand the strain of protracted
war without having to look bankruptcy in
the face, and we are s«o perfecting our
modern weapons of destruction that no
army can go into the field without losing
so large a proportion of its officers that
when the war is over, even if that army be
victorious, the war will have inflicted ir
reparable losa on the country. What with
discontent caused by mobilizing; what with
empty exchequer; what with decimated
ranks of leading and governing men, I see
nothing before any nation but a terrible
heritage of revolutionary anarchy."
Reported Gold Strikes
SAX JOSE, Cal., Dec. 19— W. A. Towle
of San .lose, and associates, who have
been prospecting in Alaska the past sum
mer, claim that they have struck great
wealth at a point below the rapids on Kelly
KiVcr, about seventy mills from Resurrec
tion Day. They claim that they took out
'SJoO in a short lime, the pay ranging from
jsi to *?0 to the pan, from surface dirt. They
say the section is accessible and a much
I warmer climate than Dawson. Claims were
located and companies have been formed to
Work them in tlie spring. The location isou
the American side.
The Blythe Case Again
WASHINGTON, Dec. 19.-In the United
States supreme court today a motion was
made mi behalf of the defendants'tn error
to dismiss the case of John W. Blythe vs.
the Wythe company. The motion was
taken under advtsemet hy the court. The
case Involves the Blythe estate in Califor
nia, and the defendants deny the jurisdic
tion of tho court.
War in Bolivia
LIMA, Peru, Dec. 19.—The president of
Bolivia, Senor Alonzeo, at the held of 200
mm, is preparing to march against the cap
ital. La Paz, which is in the hands of the
revolutionists 'flu- latter are preparing for
resistance: and' an important engagement is
expected' to take place.
Baron Napier Dead
LONDON', Dec. 19.—News was received
here today of the death of Francis Napier,
ninth Baron Napier and Ettrirk, the for
mer Ambassador, who was Minister to the
L'nited States from Oreat Britain in 1857.
fe was horn in 1810 and entered the diplo
matic service in 1810.
Orders for Engines
LONDON, Dec. 19.—The Midland Rail
way Company has ordered twenty freight
engineer! in Philadelphia and New York.
As a consequence of the engineers' strike,
the English railways are only able to get a
few men to work.
France Fortifying
AUCKLAND, N. V., Dec. 19.-Steamers
which have just arrived'here report that tlie
French are actively engaged in fortifying
Taohita, the principal island of tlie Society
group, which is under control of Franca.
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