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3l»ur t.Lf.l W TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR. NO. 82. FIRST ANNEXATION SPEECH Made In the House By Williams of Mississippi STRONGLY OPPOSED TO THE POLICY In the Senate Teller Talks on Annexation Law and Ex-Queen Liliuokalani Files a Protest Against the Seizure of Her Land Associated Tress Special Wire WASHINGTON, Dec. 20.--The bouse to day listened to the first speech on the an nexation of the Philippines. Mr. Williams of Mississippi, a Democratic member of the foreign affairs commit tee, in all hour's speech, stated bis opposition to a policy Which would bring tlie islands under the' sphere of the United States' influence. He contended that it would be hostile to the spirit of our institutions to efasumecontrol over 9,000,000 unwilling souls; that annex ation would cost us |140,000,000 n year: that the annexation of the islands met none of the tests which applied to our past acqui sition of territory, and would be a mistake from a social, political ami material stand point. Mr. Williams' remarks received can-ful attention, and several times drew applause from his Democratic colleagues. The agricultural appropriation bill was passed without material amendment. It curries $3,690,322, or 1187,120 more than tho current law. At the opening of the house tad.iy, Mr. Cannon called up the conference report on the Army and Navy Deficiency bill and moved its adoption. Mr. De Armond (Dem.) of Missourlasked whether the reappropriation of balance of the 100,000,000 to be expended under the di rection of the President would in any way sanction or authorize the payment of that fund of 9100,000 each to While-law Reid and Judge Day for services as peace com niii sioners. .Mr. Cannon said he knew nothing about it and on his statement that this reappro priation made no change authorizing such an expenditure, the report was adopted. The House next took up the agricultural appropriation bill. The house went into committee of the whole on the agricultural appropriation bill. Mr. Wadsworth, Republican, of New York, explained that it carried $3,090,322, an in crease of 5157,12U over the current law. Mr. Williams of Mississippi took advan tage of the latitude allowed in debate while iv iiniitce ot the whole, to make an ar itumcat against the annexation of the Phil ippines. Physically, he said, the islands would prove a great disappointment. They were thickly populated with peoples of heterogenous races. They could never af ford homes or opportunity tor American citizens, in the annexation of territory in the past, the area annexed had always been contiguous, except in the case of Alaska, and we had in each ease increased our pop ulation and our power of national defeone, These had been the tests in tbe past. The Philippines fulfilled none of these tests. In ease Cuba should be willing in the fu ture to throw her lot with us, the case would be different. Sixty-six per cent of Cuba's population was Caucasian, a fact not generally known. Her people could easily be assimilated. Cuba was practically contiguous. She lay directly within the sphere of American influence. While he opposed the annexation, he said he should not return the Philippines to Spain. "I should leave tlie islands where they were the day alter Dewey's glorious victorj at Manila. I should haul down the American Hag. lam for the Hag for what it means, not for itself. It is nothing but a piece of bunting, and when some one an nounces that it must not come down, I care not how high his station, he says something unworthy of himself and his country. The Hag sould come down if it is right that it should do so, and the American people must pull it down. We would not let any other country do it." (Prolonged applause on the Democratic side.) Proceeding, Mr. Williams said that if the Philippines could not take care of them selves, they would fall under the influence of France or (iermany. Our interest in them was a commercial interest. We had in the east generally an interest in an "open door" policy. If any oiiier country got pos session of the Philippines it would not be worse than Spain did. In any event, our trade with the Philippines was a mere drop in the bucket, anel if we retained possession of them we would sacrifice tlie open door policy in the Orient or go back on the con stitution. There was still another solution of the problem, Mr. Williams said. If we did not want to give the island- their inde pendence, or let them fall under the sway of another country, we could siellejhem as a war indemnity to England. She would bring to them civilization. The provision inserted in the bill to be based as a means of retaliating against Ger many and other countries was passed with a slight amendment which gives the secretary of the treasury discretion in refusing the delivery of goods adulterated instead of mak ing refusal to deliver such good.s mandatory. A provision in the bill to grant leaves of absence to employes of tlie bureau of animal industry outside of Washington went out on a point of oreler, and the bill was passed without further amendment. At 5 o'clock the house adjourned. IN THE SENATE Senator Teller Talks on the Law of Annexation WASHINGTON, Dec 20.—Senator Tel ler occupied the first half of the senate with a speech in advocacy of the theory that there are no restrictions upon the right of the United States to expand its borders so as to include far distant territory. He went quite thoroughly into the legal points bear ing upon tlie question, and incidentally dis cussed at some length the form of govern ment fe.-r the Philippines, saying that he would, encourage self-government among the islanders, and would give them the most liberal givernment which they were capable of conducting, but that he would not take down the Ann riean Hag where cure planted. Tlie remainder of the sessioi was given up to tlie Nicaragua canal bill. Senator Call'ciy was tlie only speaker on this subject, and he opposed the Morgan bill. Tiie House resolution providing to ad journ Congress from December '-'1 to Jan- Uarly 4 was adopted without division. .Mr. Oallinger of New Hampshire favor ably reported Mr. Proctor's resolution pro viding for a committee of Senators to visit Cuba and Porto Rico with a view to as cci l,lining the conditions on the islands and reporting them with recommendations to the Senate, but on Mr. Hale's objection to present consideration the resolution was placed on the calendar. (lv motion of Mr. Hoar of Massachusetts it was ordered that on February 22, im mediately alter the Senate convened, Wash ington's Farewell Address be read by Mr. \\ oleott of Colorado. A lull authorizing General M. E. Hates of the United States Army to accept the designation of the Legion' of Honor, pre sented by the President of the French re public, was passed. A bill to extend the time for the construc tion of a bridge across the Columbia river between the Mates of Oregon and Washing ton by the Oregon and Washington bridge Company was passed. In accordance with notice given yester day, Mr. Teller of Colorado today addressed the senate on .Mr. Vest's resolution declar ing that under the constitution no authority is given to acquire territory to be held and governed permanently as colonies. Mr. Teller's address was a constitutional argu ment. He did not think there was the slightest question of the power of this gov ernment to acquire foreign territory. "if we arc a nation" he declared, " we have the power to exercise the right of a nation -all tho rights of any sovereign power." Referring to the territory acquired by the i niteo ;-n.ue» uurmg tne recent war, Mr. Teller said: "We have already acquired this territory. We need, as a matter of fact, no treaty with Spain to confirm our right to it. By right of conquest—a right undisputed—we conic into possession of Cuba, Porto Kico, and the Asiatic archipeiagb. They are ours just as certainly as they could be made so by treaty. "We can confer statehood upon those territories whenever iv our judgment it is proper to do so. Nobody can call into question our right to exercise our judg ment in this matter. "It we acquire territory," he continued, "the very act carries with it the right to govern. "If tliis government will cay to the peo ple* of this acquired territory, "We will give you self-government,' we will not need an army of 00,000 men in Cuba, 20,000 men in Porto Rico and 30,000 in the Philippines, lo say this to those people is the only way to escape a great standing army. "1 am not one to turn these possessions back to .Spain, hut 1 do believe that we ought to give them the opportunity to gov ern themselves. J may say that nobody wants these possessions made into states now. No publio man is in favor of such a plan, sa) far as I am aware, yet, in the course of time, we may take them in." So far and as soon as possible Mr. Teller believed the inhabitants ot Cuba should be given sell-government, but he did not be lieve that the United States should leave tlie infant power thus established as a prey ot any other nation, either through conquest or treaty. He believed it folly to talk of "imperialism" as applied to this country. No man or senate of men had any intention of establishing in this country tlie European policy of imperialism and none would champion such a course. Mr. Teller said he knew that the Filipinos were incapable of establishing a government equal to the government of our states, and that he would encourage committees among them to establish the best governments they were capable of. He would not go to war with the people of the Philippines in order to force our institutions upon them. He would consult them as to the form of gov ernment, and he believed that by pursuing this course we should avoid the necessity of war with the natives. Their government might not be as perfect as ours, hut all ac counts agreed that the natives were tracta ble and intelligent and capable of progress. THE CANAL BILL At 2 o'clock the Nicaraguan canal bill, the unfinished business, was takeni up to the displacement of the registry measure. Mr. Caffery spoke in opposition to the canal bill. He said the proposition to connect the two oceans by means of a canal was so at tractive to the imagination as to cause many people to accept it as a wise enter prise regardless of appeal to reason on its merits. He deprecated the personal attacks upon the members of the Maritime Canal company, but indicated his belief that the bill was an attack upon the treasury of the United States. He declared the enterprise under the bill was in violation of the Clay-Bulwer treaty, in contravention to the concession from the isthmian countries and in opposition to our own. constitution. These propositions he undertook to maintain by an analysis of the bill by sections. While Mr. Caffery was speaking, a mes sage was received' from the house of repre sentatives announcing that an amendment of the senate —the final question in contro versy to the war and navy deficiency bill— THE HERALD SPRECKELS IS STILL WAITING For the Answer of the Southern Sena^ torial Candidate A Grand Army Man Springs a New Argument Against Burns, Whose Section Would Not Be Well Received by the Citizens of the Mexican Republic 4- Special to The Herald. 4. 4- SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 20.—John D. Spreckels and his organ, the Call, are still waiting for Would-be Senator 4 -- Grant to answer tlie peculiar charges made by the Call a few days'ago. The assertion was that Grant had "promised a 4 -- prominent Republican," that if elected he would resign after a year's service in favor of the man to whom the promise 4 -- was made, and there is no question that by "prominent Republican" the Call meant none other than Mr. Spreckels 4 -- himself. 4. 4- The Call has said nothing more about the matter. Nor has Grant. The latter's manager, Milton Green, has denied 4 -- the truth of the story—denied it emphatically. Green tells the truth, even if he is an astute politician—every one admits 4 -- that to be his reputation—but the explanation of Spreckels' "friend" is that when Grant made such a promise he was far 4 -- from the Green leading strings—escaped, as it were, from his guardian—a thing that is not allowed to happen frequently. 4 -- More on this topic is expected from Spreckels soon. 4. 4- When questioned today as to Gage's charges that Grant and his friends "knifed" Gage during the campaign, Grant 4 + declined to talk. He pondered over this question and then drew himself up with dignity. 4 -- "You may say," said he, "that I will not enter into any controversy with Mr. Gage." 4 -- That was all Mr. Grant could be induced to say. He evidently intended to continue carrying out his policy of 4 -- silence despite anything that migt be said about him. , 4. 4- A NEW OBJECTION TO BURNS 4. 4- There was no striking change in the situation today. E. A. Sherman, a Grand Army veteran, is out with a "legal 4> 4- international" objection to Burns'. He says: 4. 4- "National etignity and honor would naturally prompt Mexico to from all diplomatic intercourse, and 4 -- deem it to be an insult to herself, to have one amenable for real or alleged criminal action before its courts, to be made 4 -- one of the highest treaty making bodies of the l'nited States in any internatioi al matter whatever. A criminal or 4 -- rascal at home may, to our disgrace, b elected to the United States senate; that is our local shame. But we cannot 4 -- elect or place a man in that body who is a fugitive under bonds and charged with a crime by a friendly nation with 4 -- which we are holding international, commercial and financial relations." 4. 4- 4- 4- 4* 4- 4* 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- * 4- 4- 4 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4r 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4- 4-4-4-4-4-4-4-4-4-4-4-4-4-4-4-4-4-4-4-4-4- had been agreed to. This passed the meas ure, and as soon as signed it will go to the president. AVitbout having concluded his remarks Mr. Caffery, at 4:10 o'clock, yielded to Mr. Callinger, and on his motion the senate went into executive session. At 5:10 o'clock the senate adjourned. Confirmations The senate today confirmed' these nom inations: K. A, Friedrich of California, district attorney for the District of Alaska. To be marshal: F. C. Ramsey, district of Idaho. Arizona—J. Mahoney, Winelow. HAWAIIA'S EX-QUEEN Protests Against the Seizure of Her Property WASHINGTON, Dec. 20.-Ex-Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii today introduced in the Senate the following protest against the appropriation of the crown lands of Hawaii by the United States, as follows: "To the Senate of the United States: I, Liliuokalani of Hawaii, named heir apparent on the 18th day of April, 1877, and pro claimed queen of the Hawaiian Islands on the 20th day of January, 1891, do hereby earnestly and respectfully protest against the assertion of ownership by the United States' of America of the so-called Hawaiian crown lands, amounting to about 1,000,000 acres, and which are my property, and I especially protest against such assertion of ownership as taking of property without due • LOS ANGELES, WEDNESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 21, JB9B THE NEW SENATOR process of law and without just or other compensation. "Further supplementing my protest of June 17, 1897, I call upon the President and the National Legislature and the people of the United States to do justice in this, mat ter and to restore to me this property, ihe enjoyment of which is being withheld from me by your government under what must be a misapprehension of any right and title. "LILIUOKALANI." IN COMMITTEE The Hawaiian Bill Almost Beady for Beport WASHINGTON, Dec. 20.—The senate committee on foreign relations has made such progress with the Hawaiian govern ment annexation bill that hopes are ex pressed by tbe members of the committee at the closing of today's session that it would be concluded tomorrow. It is not absolutely assured, but the committee is working hard Do this end, because of the anxiety to reach the bill before the ad journment of congress for the holidays. The committee continues to make amendments to the bill, but the members decline to g : ve out any official statement concerning them. Among the changes made today were some relating to'the qualifications of voters for members of the legislature, but the na ture of the changes was not announced. When the committee adjourned today it had completed its consideration oi 70 of the 102 sections of the measure. The portions yet to be taken hp dwell largely with the duties of the officials of the proposed terri tory. The Hull Army Bill WASHINGTON, Dec 20.—The House Committee on Military Affairs this after noon ordered a favorable report on the Hull bill, increasing the regular army to one hundred thousand men. The vote was eight to live on party lines. BILLS INTRODUCED A Move to Pension the Confederate Soldiers ' WASHINGTON, Dec. 20—Senator But ler of North Carolina today gave notice of an amendment he will introduce to the pension appropriation bill pensioning ex confederate soldiers. The amendment fol lows: That from and after the passage of this bill every pension. 'aw on the statute books shall apply to every invalid soldier, widow, minor child, dependent relative, the army nurses and'ail other pensioners who may be able to prove their claim under the present pension laws, without regard to whether said soldier enlisted in the federal or con federate service of the civil war of 1801-OV), provided that those enlisted in the confed erate service shall not draw any back pen sion prior to the passage of this bill, but their claim under existing laws shall begin and become operative with the passage of this bill. Sir. Hawley of Texas today introduced a (Continued on Page Two.; j SHAFTER TAKES THE STAND To Tell the Story of the Santiago Campaign THE EXPEDITION WAS A SUCCESS In Looking Back on Past Events the General Sees Nothing With Which to Find Fault In His Plans of Campaign Associated Press Special Wire WASHINGTON, Dec. 20.- General Shaf ter appeared rather Unexpectedly before the war investigation commission this after noon tind tolil his story of the Santiago ex pedition. He- was supported by his aid •, Col. Miley, who was witli him in Cuba, and Hankie! by a large portmanteau of pa pers, to which bis aide occasionally applied for reference. General Shaffer's story of the operations around Santiago was tersely told, but. was quite vivid in its recital and interesting in detail. A BRIEF SUMMARY Tlriefly summed up, his estimate of the Santiago expedition was that it had been a military success and cheap at the cost of 500 men lost in the light. He considered the expedition to have been as well fitted out as the time allowed would permit, and saiil that in looking back he had no crit icism of his plans to make and would not change them if the events had to be gone through again. He said he had no com pla'ots of any sort to make anel woulel be loathe to intrude them at this time if he had. The commission stutcd that General Miles today communicated to the commission his unwillingness to volunteer testimony. A message was accordingly sent to the ail jntnnt general directing him to request the appearance of General Miles before the hoard. Xo reply had been received to this communication when General Shatter rather unexepectedly appeared. A DETAILED ACCOUNT After a brief preface, General Shafter 1 went into a detailed account of his prepar- 1 ations for the Santiago expedition. He said Ids plans were changed three times by the department, He said the transport fleet was not sufficiently large to accommodate 17,000 men for any length of time at sea, but all were so anxious to go that he risked considerable crowding to take all the men possible. He admitted that he took chances in this, but said the weather was good and there was no mishap to regret. The men were regulars almost entirely, fully equipped, and he saw that they were made as comfortable as circumstances permitted. MEDICAL SUPPLIES As to medical supplies General Shafter said: "You know that medical supplies are the one thing that a commanding general or a line officer never knows anything about. Tiie surgeon is supposed to know what lie wants. Sly medical officer said he thought he bail enough medical supplies for the temporary service to which we thought we were destined. Events proved, however, that the surgeon was mistaken. The am munition supply was amplle." As to supplies General Shafter said there was nothing essential left behind. AMBULANCES "How about ambulances?" asked General Heaver. "As to those ambulances," said General Shafter, "1 take the whole responsibility on myself. I ordered and supervised their laud ing. After events proved that it would have been belter to have taken ten or fifteen additional ambulances and left that many wagons behind. Hut wagons can, be useel for two purposes anel ambulances can be used but for one. 1 took the wagons and the wounded had to be transported in them after the first day's fighting. 1 must say that on a rocky, muddy road, such as we had, that there is little difference in. com fort between the ambulances and an escort wagon. The men were put oir straw in the bottom of the wagons and we did) the best we could for them, Ambulances woultl have been better, but then hindsight is always better than, foresight. LANDING FACILITIES Concerning the landing facilities with the expedition, General Shafter said they had two large barges', one of which was lost en route, and a small tug, the Captain Sain, whose captain deserted during the night. The boat capacity of the fleet was sufficient for the landing, as' events proved. An interesting incident of the laneling was brought out by General Shatter, who said he had arranged with the Cuban gen eral, Castillo, the day prior to the landing, to have 1000 men back of Daiquiri to catch the Spaniards when they were shelled out by the navy. Castillo was three hours'late, however, and all the Spaniards got away. "How about getting the supplies' to tho front for the men?' asked General Beaver. "It was the one problem of tlie campaign, and it taxed us to the utmost," said he. "If it had not been for the pack train we could not have done it) anel the expedition would have been a failure." A GREAT SUCCESS General Shafter saiel he regarded the land ing of the expedition as eminently success ful. They lost only two men and thirty animals out of a total of 20,000. It was a remarkable record. "The majority of the regimental surgeons left their medicine chests on their vessels," said General Shafter. "When I founel this out, 1 put Dr. Goodfellow aboard the Maui tou and had him collect these chests. As soon as they were landed they were put on four wagons and distributed at once to the men." CARE OF WOUNDED As to the care of tbe woundeel General Shafter said they were cared for as carefully as the circumstances would permit. "The doctors worked like Trojans. They de served and received commendation from every one. They worked till they were sick and worn out. . The doctors were most ly young men. You can't get very old ami experienced surgeons to go on a summer campaign for $100 a month. But they were , 8l(» K-rV 1 l C ° nB " 4e ~'~' PRICE FIVE CENTS splendid follows. Compared with the civil war, the wounded were better cared for in Cuba tban they were then." Touching tbe signal corps, General Shaf ter said he was "served admirably/ 1 SHATTER'S SICKNESS Ashed it he thought his own sickness had any effect on the success of the Cuban, cam paign, Qeneral Shafter said: "No, most decidedly. The campaign was carried on as planned from the start, and my health or sickness did not' alter a single plan. I knew f was. going to have a sick army on my hands in that country pretty soon, and 1 simply rushed matters' to an issue as soon as possible. For myself, I was* not seriously sick. It is true I had the gout and I had to have my foot) tied up in a gunnysack, and could not get it in a stirrup, so I had to build a platform from which to get on my horse, Hut 1 certainly had not expected to he subjected to personal criticism for this. It was a military neces sity." .SON'S OF THEIR FATHERS Governor Woodbury asked how the staff officers from civil Life turned out. General Shafter said: "They were men as a rule who had no previous military experience and might not: have been of much use in executing a mili tary maneuver, hut 1 had three of them od my staff, and for carrying orders, distribut ing rations to the refugees and a thousand necessary tilings, they were invaluable, Beginning with Colonel John Jacob Asjtor, who was, perhaps, the most inexperienced, they were splendid fellows, and did what they had to do. Astor fell in with his work, ate the beans and did his duty aa carefully and as expeditiously as though lie had not a dollar. Captain lirice, son of Senator Brice, wasi an exccellent officer and did fine work in feeding those hungry people at C'aney. At times he had to take an axe helve and stand off some of the men who were keeping back the weaker women and children, and he did it effectively." WANTS NO WAR Germany Seems Anxious to Avoid] Tariff Troubles BERLIN, Dec. 20.—-The North German Gazette today, reterrtng to Senator Mason's resolution introduced in the senate yester day directing the committee on agriculture to inquire into certain legislation pending before tlie reichstag calculated to prohibit the importation into Germany o£ American sausages and other meat products and di recting the committee, should tlie measure become a law, to report immediately a bill to require the inspection of sugar, meats, wines anel all other food products which are imported into the United States from Germany, euiel also referring to the agricul tural bill introduced in the house, calls at tention to the promise ot Count Posadow, Bki-Weihner, secretary ot the interior, in tha reichstag that an imperial Jaw will be in troduced providing general regulations tor the importation of American meats, which, it is hoped, will avert the. possibility of a I conflict or claims upon the part of th L'nited States. The paper aelels that a law on this sub ject is in course of preparation, but has uos yet been submitted to the bunelesrattu GUNS TAKEN IN WAR Are Not Very Valuable Except a* Souvenirs j WASHINGTON, Dec. 20.—There has. been some speculation as to what disposi tion tlie navy department will make of the [ modern nuns captured from Spam during ! the recent war. It had been generally under stood that the obsolete ordnance would fig ure only as souvenirs for distribution by the government to states and municipalities, but there was quite a number of servicea ble modern guns, mostly naval guns, cap : tured at Santiago, .Manila and elsewhere, it is stated by the department that these j guns arc not likely to form a very valua- I hie acquisition. They are ditferent from any j guns in the American navy except those lot the Mew Orleans and the Albany, now j being completed abroad. The six-inch quick firing guns captured require special ammuni ! tion, so that, unless in case of accident to jtlie two boats, there would be small likeli hood of getting any of the captured ord- I nance into service. There is on hand quite a supply of am munition for tins particular kind of arma ment, but this would have to be increased if the guns are made use of. DEBRIS FUNDS Are to Be Used to Improve Rivet Navigation WASHINGTON, Dec. 20.—(Special to The Herald.) De Vries today introduced a bill to authorize the secretary of war to accept California's appropriation for the debris commission and use the same in the improvement of the rivers of California. Are Now En Route SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 20.—Companies H, X and M of the First New York volun teers, the last of the regiment remaining here, will leave this city some time tonight for their homes. The men will be rushed through, so that they can spend Christmas with their friends. Company It will be sent to Hinghamton, Company X to I'oughkcep sie and Company Kingston. Sugar Advanced NEW YORK, Dee. 20.—An advance of 116 of a cent in the price of Nos. 12, 13 and 14, rclined sugars, has been made by tbe American company.