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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, December 22, 1898, Image 1

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For the Killing of Gilfillan of
Los Angeles
When the Widow of the Dead Man, With Tears and
Moans, Rehearses the Scene of Sorrow—De
fendant's Plea for Fairness
Special to The Herald.
♦ CARTHAGE, Mo., Dec. 21.—At th e continued preliminary trial today of ♦
♦ J. D. McCrillis for shooting W. J. Gilfillan the courtroom was filled. Dr. ♦
•f J. B. Chafee, a dentist, testified th u t on request of W. R. Logan, brother- ♦
■f in law of deceased, he went as a K. 0 f P. to the house of Mrs. Williams, ♦
•*< where he understood Gilfillan was, after being shot. He saw Mrs. Gilfillan ♦
4 there.
4 It was expected that the scene of sorrow would be rehearsed by the widow -f
4 and the people were not disappointed. She came into the -f
■4» courtroom supported by her nurse and her brother-in-law. Her -i
4 moans were audible everywhere and her manner of telling the story 4
4 was pathetic and at times pitifully dramatic. She said that on the morning ♦
♦ of the killing McCrillis came to the house and she admitted him. He seemed 4
4 friendly as ever and talked of the health of the children. He seemed cool ♦
4 and not in the least excited. She attended to her household duties and left 4
4- McCrillis and her husband talking. Soon she heard shots and rushed to the ♦
4- room, where she saw McCrillis with a pistol in his hand and dared him to 4
4 shoot her. He told her he had shot her husband and shot to kill, and if he 4
bad not done so he would do it yet. On her knees she begged him not to shoot 4
4- again. He told her vile stuff. She said it was not true. "He is my husband ♦
4 and the father of my children. McCrillis told her where her husband was ♦
4 and she flew to his side. J
4 When cross-examined she said her husband had no weapon, and the re- 4
4- volver given to her by her husband lo protect herself was on the shelf. At 4
4 first when the pistol shot was heard she thought this pistol, through her 4
4 carelessness, might have fallen. How could she think a friend had killed 4
4 her husband! In reply to a query by the state, in speaking of the position ♦
4 of the defendant when she entered, she said he was standing almost over 4
4 the chair in which her husband had sat and the deceased was lying side- -f
♦ ways on the floor. The door through which her husband passed when shot ♦
4 was hard to open, and she said with dramatic gesture, "The Lord opened 4
4 the door for him," and continuing she said, "All my family tried to open -f
4 that door, but could not do it." 4
4 Repeatedly Mrs. Gilfillan fainted, and tears were visible everywhere, and as -f
4 the state rested an air of expectancy fell upon all ns to whnt the defense ♦
4 would do. The first announcement was to ask for a continuance. This was ♦
4 opposed, nnd much feeling expressed that a red-handed murderer should be ♦
4 set free. For the defense a strong plea for fairness was made, and the pic- •♦>•
•4- ture of defendant's home wrecked and his children's mother's name dishon- 4
4 ored was drawn. This broke down the defendant, and his bitterness of soul •♦•
4 expressed itself in loud sobs and tears, and for some time the scene was one ♦
4 of exceeding sadness, which brought tears to eyes of many strong men. It 4
4- was decided that the case be adjourned till Friday. 4
4 Both sides are promising sensational letters. ♦
♦ ♦♦♦♦♦4 + 4 + 4* + + 4 + + -r-4'M-4444-f444444444444444
Sunning Released From Tall Without
Answering the Question to Which
He Objected
SAN FRANOISCO, Dec. 21.-The pros
ecution in the case of Mrs. Cordelia Hot
kin, charged with the murder of Mrs. John
P. Dunning and her sister, Mrs. Deane,
closed its case today.
John P. Dunning, who has been in charge
of the sheriff for two days for refusing to
answer certain questions put to him by the
defense, was released from custody today,
the attorney for the defense withdrawing
the objectionable question. Mr. Dunning
was the principal witness today. He was
hauled over the coals by the attorneys for
the defense, who persisted in trying to in
troduce every disgusting detail of the case,
in spite of the protests of the witness, who
clothed his language as well as circum
stances would permit, but leaving no one
in doubt as to its meaning; nevertheless
the Botkin attorneys persisted in asking
pointed questions nnd insisted on the ans
wers being given in the absolutely unmis
takeable language of the street. Dunning's
efforts to save the ears of his listeners met
with the approbation of the more respect
able of those in the courtroom.
Carl Eisenschimmel, a writing expert, was
the first witness. His testimony was neces
sarily of an expert nature and showed al
most conclusively that Mrs. Botkin was Die
writer of the anonymous letters and the
address on the candy box, and the writer of
the note sent with the candy.
Dunning's testimony referred mostly to
the letters he had received and written
from and to Mrs. Botkin after he left San
Francisco for Cuba, where he was a news
paper man in the field. He explained that
his hostility toward Mrs. Botkin com
menced on his receipt of the news of the
means used in causing his wife's death.
He said that Mrs. Botkin was the first per
son he thought of who would have com
mitted the crime. His other testimony re
ferred to his relations with Mrs. Botkin.
He exonerated Mrs. Corbeilly and Mrs.
Calimberg of any wrongdoing in the case
•nd told of their friendly acts to him and
his family.
Theodore Kytka, another writing expert,
was called and gave practically the same
testimony as his fellows, Ames and Eisen
ehimmel. The prosecution then closed its
ease. The defense will open tomorrow.
Upton's Yacht
. LONDON, Dec. Yachting World
apparently confirms'the report that Sir
Thomas Lipton has entrusted the building
of the Shamrock, challenger for America's
cup, to the Thorneycrofts, The paper adds
that the yacht will be built at Poplar. The
Thorneycrofts have never yet constructed
• racing J«cht.
The German Meat Bill
BERLIN, Dec. 21—The North German
Oht'ette today announces that the imperial
meat inspector bill is now ready to be nib-,
mitttd to the bundesrath, and says the in
troduction of n uniform system of inspection !
has long been contemplated, and is purely a
Qerman affair, with which we alcne arc con
cerned. I
"'4 'f
The Husband's Whereabouts Unknown
but the Wife Is in the
m Workhouse
LONDON, Dec. 21.—The Marchioness of
Donegal will eat her Christmas- dinner in
a London workhouse. IU, miserably clad,
and apparently in destitution, she applied
yesterday for admittance to the Great
Northern hospital, from which place she was
removed to the Islington workhouse in
firmary. She explained that she was home
less, and not willing to communicate with
her wealthy friends, or with her husband,
who is suffering from pneumonia.
The story of the life of the marchioness
is painful. She left her husband in 1873,
and in 1889 instituted separation proceed
ings, and countercharges, of misconduct
were made. Unsavory details of their con
jugal life were also bandied about. The
marchioness failed to obtain alimony, and
has since received assistance from her
friends. She was last heard of in May of
the present year, when 6he broke her leg in
a hotel elevator, and was taken to a hos
"The marquis has had a troubled finan
cial career. He was declared bankrupt in
1889, with liabilities estimated at £519,00.
He then said he considered he was justified
in raising half a million of money in view
of the fact that he had prospects of succeed
ing to an estate and £500,000 a year. But
owing to the entail he only succeeded to
£180 a year. He was mixed up in a finan
cial flotation this year when he lent his
name to a company prospectus, which
caused the Star to criticise him as a "peer
with a record of disgracing the order to
which he belonged."
Must Wait for the Transport* to Be
Mac Beady
SAN FRANCISCO, Dee. 21—The trans
port Scotia will not be ready to sail for
Manila again until about the sth of Janu
ary. It has been thought advisable for
the Twentieth United States' infantry, the
regiment to take passage to the Philippines
on her, to stay at Fort Leavenworth until
the last moment, so that they will not 1 have
to go Into.camp at the.Presldlo.
They are thoroughly equipped and If they
are delayed at all In passing through San
Francisco It will not be for more than a
Yale Not Hurt
NEW HAVEN, Conn., Dec. 21.—The re
port to the effect that Tale university was
Involved In the bankruptcy of the Arm 6f
Mason & Co. of Chicago, of which the late
Edward D. Mason was the head, was
called to the attention of President Dwight
today. The president admitted that cer
tain loans had been negotiated through Ma
son & Co., but he felt satisfied that the
funds of the university were In no way In
volved by the failure. .
Official Invalids
WASHINGTON, Dec. 21.-The list of of
ficial Invalids has been Increased by Sec
retary Long, who Is suffering from a cold
contracted during his visit to the south.
Me has been confined to his apartments
I ever since his return to the,city, and has
attended to all h'.s duties' thert. Secretary
Hay has remained at home today, and is
| said to be Improving.
—New York World.
Has Passed Into the Hands of the Great Northern Railway Syndi
cate—A New Richmond in the Field of
Transcontinental Traffic
The Herald learned yesterday from an authority which
should be indisputable, but cannot at present be disclosed, that
the Great Northern Railway company has acquired the Pacific
Coast Steamship company's property, including its fleet of ves
sels and all its commercial connections. This masterly stroke
of J. J. Hill, the railway magnate of St. Paul and Chicago, prac
tically promises a new and independent line of transcontinental
traffic, bringing, as inevitably it will, the Great Northern system
into direct competition with the Southern Pacific and Santa Fe
railroads. The purchase is of supreme importance to this
portion of the State, and, in time, must have a salutary effect
on overland rates. President Hill is regarded as the railroad
Napoleon of the day, and if he crosses "these Alps" with his
usual dash and success, a revolution will be effected in not only
the quality of the steamship service but in the aggressive bid
for business, particularly as a rival to Mr. Collis P. Huntington.
+ SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 21.—(Special to The Herald.) Great interest is shown among shipping men over the elec- *
4? tion of directors of the Pacific Coast Steamship company, to take place h;re on Friday next. John D. Farrel, who is cx
i; pected to be the new president of the company, is now on his way from San Diego, accompanied by Edwin Goodall, a di- ♦
+ rector of the company. Reports that headquarters of the company, under reorganization, are to be removed from here to ♦
+ Seattle, have caused uneasy comment among mercantile men. It was the gossip also, today that President Jim HilLof the +
<• Great Northern was to be the moving spirit under reorganization, and that henceforth the company's twenty-one steam- +
♦ ers would be run only in the interest of Hill's overland railroad. This gossip indicated that an out and out sale had been +
+ made of the entire steamship company to the Great Northern. +
+ When asked today as to the truth of the sale reports, Captain Charles Goodall said: "There is njthing in it —nothing +
+ at all. There has been reorganization, but no sale, and I'm satisfied there is to be no change so far as the active manage- +
+ ment is concerned, from this city to Seattle." ,
ir More than this the elderly head of Goodall, Perkins & Co. declined to say, but from another official source the status +
+ of affairs was outlined. +
+ When the Oregon Improvement company was reorganized recently, it became the Pacific Coast company, and John D. +
♦ Farrell of New York became president, succeeding Charles J. Smith, receiver and president of the Oregon Improvement +
+ company. Mr. Smith was invited by Mr. Farrell to remain as assistant, but declined, and his resignation, to take effect *
♦ January Ist, is now in the hands of the directors. It will be accepted on Friday. The Pacific Coast company succeed- +
<*• ed to the Oregon, Improvement company's controlling interest in the Pacific Coast Steamship company. +
♦ The new directors and stockholders of the Pacific Coast company are all warm personal friends, if not more, of Presi- ♦
+ dent Hill of the Great Northern. That is where the idea of the Great Northern's purchase comes in. To just what ex- +
+ tent the friends of Hill will govern the steamship company is as yet merely a mlatter of surmise. Certaini it is that a +
+ new board of directors of the steamship company will be chosen Friday. The present board comprises John L. How- +
+ ard, Edwin Goodall, Charles Goodall, S. G. Murphy, Charles J. Smith, Sidney V. Smith, Robert Bruce, John I. Water- +
•fr bury and J. W. Simpson. The understanding is that Mr. Farrell, when he becomes president of the steamship company, +
+ will make his headquarters at Seattle. His office hns hitherto been in New York, but if Goodall, Perkins & Co. remain +
+ as at present, the managers of the steamship company, there will be no changein in active headquarters from San Francis- -ir
4> co. And ns Goodall, Perkins & Co. have a contract with both the steamship company and the Pacific Coast company, +'
+ which cannot be annulled without a ten. months' notice, and as no such notice has been given, the indications are that +
+ no change in either active headquarters or management is contemplated. 4r
+ + + + + ++-r + + + + + + + + ** + + +-r + + + +
Reveal the Names of Heroes
Hitherto Hidden
Deserving Places Beside Rowan, Whitney and Hobson —Span*
ish Admiral Montejo's Report of the Hopeless Battle
With Dewey's Fleet Off Cavite
Associated Press Special Wlra
, WASHINGTON, Dec. 21. — The official
reports of all comanding officers' of the navy
during the war have been compiled anil pub
lished by the navy department. While
treating of events that ahve already fig
ured in official reports that have reached
the public, the documents still contain many
minor reports that throw sidelights on in
teresting phases of the war.
Almost at the begining, in the brief record
of the proceedings' of the naval war build
ing, an unknown hero is brought to light
in the person of Ensign H. H. Ward, who,
at the beginning of the war, was on duty
in the navigation bureau, alternating with
Lieutenant' Whittlesey in the heavy duties
of assistant to the chief of the bureau. He
volunteered for secret service duty, and his
exploits, about which nothing has' been said
in the past, may well be placed on record be
side those- of Lieutenant Rowan in. Cuba
»nd Lieutenant Whitney in Porto Rico.
Within a week after the declaration of war
Ensign Ward disguised himself and went
straight into the heart of the enemy's coun
try, making his headquarters at Cadiz, the
principal Spanish naval station, and inform
ing the navy department here of the actual
strength of the Spanish naval vessels and
their movements. Then he went to the
West Indies and reported everything that
was doing there of importance to the Amer
ican navy. Next he went into the enemy's
country in disguise, this- time to Porto Rico,
where he was arrested as a spy. By adroit
ness he managed to secure his release, escap
ing from San Juan, and cabled the navy de
partment a full account of the state of the
defenses there and the preparations mak
ing for the reception of the Spanish squad
ron under Cervera. All this time even, the
officials of the navy department were under
the impresion that Ward was engaged in
installing a system of coast signals on the
New England coast.
While Ward was in Porto Rico Ensign
Buck, arVither attache of the navigation bu
reau, was on the shores of the Mediterra
nean, in disguise, watching every movement
of the squadron, of Camara, which started
for the Philippines but turned back.
The reports of the famous battle of Cavitc
includes one from United States Consul
Williams, a rather unusual thing in a re
port of a strictly naval character, but fully
justified by its picturesque and untechnical
description of Dewey's great victory. Fol
lowing it is a report to his government oh
the same engagement by the commander-in
chief of the ill-fated Spanish fleet, Montejo.
The admiral depicts thei bad condition of
the/ Spanish fleet and defenses. He says
that the cruiser Castilla was' incapable of
maneuvering, on account of her condition,
while the defenses at the entrance of Subig
bay were backward. With much disgust
he found that the guns which should have
been mounted were delayed a month and a
half, and he was no less disgusted to find
that reliance was had fbr the defense of
the port upon a few torpedoes, not properly
placed. Finding bay defenseless, the
Spanish squadron repaired to the bay of I
Manila to meet battle under less unfavor
able conditions. The admiral avoided the
city, not wishing to draw fire upon it, and
prepared his fleet for action, painting his
vessels a dark gray and having the fires
spread and springs on the cables. He says
that the force of Dewey's vessels, leaving
out the transports, amounted to 21,410 tons,
49,290 horse-power, 163 guns (many rapid
fire), 1750 men and an average velocity of
17 miles-. Against this- the power of his
only five effective ships was 10,111 tons,
11,200, horse-power, 76 guns (very short of
rapid fire), 1875 crew and maximum speed
of 12 miles. The admiral describes in. vivid
language the terrible effect of the American
onslaught on the Spanish vessels. He says:
"The Americans fired most rapidly. There
came upon us numerous projectiles as the
three cruisers at the end of the fine devoted
themselves almost entirely to fighting the
Christina, my flagship. A short time after
the action commenced one shell exploded
in the forecastle and put out of action all
those who served the four rapid-fire can
"Meantime another shell exploded in the
foretop, setting fire to the crew bags.
"At 7:30 o'clock a shell completely de
stroyed the steering gear. * Another de
stroyed the mii-.zenmast, bringing down my
Hag and ensign; another shell exploded in
the poop and put out of action nine men.
A fresh shell exploded in the off icers' cabin,
covering the hospital wifti blood and de
stroying the wounded who were being
treated there. Another* exploded in the am
munition room
"t had to Hood the magazine when the
cartridges began to explode. . . . One
large shell penetrated the fire' room, put
ting out of action one master gunner aud
twelve men serving the guns. Another
rendered useless the starboard how gun, and
while the fire increased astern, another Hre
started forward from another shell. The
broadside guns continued firing until there
were only one gun and one seaman remaining
unhurt for serving.
"The ship being out of control, the hull,
smokepipe and the mast riddled with shot,
orders confused with the cries of the
wounded, half of the crew out of action,
among whom were seven officers, I gave the
order to sink and abandon the ship before
the magazines should explode."
The story of the loss of the Castilla was
substantially the story of the loss of all
the other Spanish ships, and Admiral
Montejo sums up his account with this
"The inefficiency of the vessels which
composed my little squadron, the laelt of all
classes of tlie personnel, especially master
gunners and seamen gunners; the inaptitude
of some of the provisional machinists, tha
scarcity of rapid-fire cannon, the strong
crews of the enemy, and the unperfected
character of the greater part of our ves
sels, all contributed to make much more
decided the sacrifices which we made for
our country, and to prevent the ixissibility
of the horrors of a bombardment of tho
city of Manila, with the conviction that
with the scarcity of our force against tha
superior enemy we were going to certain
death and could expect the loss of all our
ships. Our casualties, including those of
the arsenal, amounted to 381 men killed and
An evidence of the strategy exhibited hy
the navy department in sending reinforce
ments to Dewey is shown in a dispatch ol
June 27, informing him of the coming of the
Monadnock. Probably with a view" to in
suring this vessel from falling into a trap,
she was not dispatched directly to Manila,
but was ordered to a point snx hundred miles
due east from Cape Engano, where she was
to meet one of Dewey's ships.
Apparently the first suggestion of the
organization oB the flying squadron which
was to divert Admiral Camera's squadron
from his voyage to Manila came from Dewey,
for in a dispatch of June 27 he says:
"In my judgment, if the coast of Spain
was threatened, the squadron of the enemy
will have to return."
Very naturally the report of the opera
tions of (he North Atlantic fleet comprises
the largest part of the printed book. Most
of the facts have already appeared, but in
the very beginning there is a most interesting
exchange of letters between Secretary Long
and Admiral Sampson, showing that even
before the outbrealSof the war the admiral
had worked out a complete plan for the im
mediate reduction of Havana, with his own
squadron, unsupported, and was only pre
vented from carrying out that plan by or
ders from the department, which wished
to protect the big iron-clads. Secretary
Long addressed Admiral Sampson on April
Bth a confidential letter, telling him that in
the event of hostilities for this was before
the outbreak of war, the department wished
him to do all in his power to destroy the
Spanish war vessels in the West Indian
waters. He says:
"The department do-js not wish the ves
sels of your squadron to be exposed to the
fire of the batteries at Havana, Santiago, or
other strongly fortified ports in Cuba unless
the trtore formidable Spanish vessels should
take refuge in those harbors. Even in this
case the department would suggest that a
rigid blockade and the employment of our
torpedo boats would accomplish the desired
The reasons set out by Secretary Long for
this instruction were that there would be
no United States troops available to occupy
the captured towns until October, and that
the lack of docking facilities made it par
ticularly desirable that, our vessels should
not be crippled before the capture and de
struction of Spain's most formidable vessels.
How strongly Admiral Sampson endear
ored to secure a reversal of this decision ap
pears in the following letter, which has
never before been published,:
"Key West, Fla., April 19, 1898.
"My Dear Secretary: I have received ytiur
confidential letter of April 6th. I sympa
thize with aIL you say about guarding qur
big ships against a possible serious low while
the enemy's fleet is still intact. At the
same time I regard it as very important
to strike quickly and strike hard as soon
as hostilities commence. Havana is well
defended by three or four batteries to the
eastward of the entrance, mounting guns of
from six to twelve-inch caliber. On the
western side of the entrance there are three
batteries, the guns varying in caliber from
eight to twelve inches, and two mortar
batteries. All the batteries face seaward,
and those to the west of the entrance are
| quite near the shore. All are open batteries,
with heavy traverses between the guns.
The guns and people who serve them are
quite unprotected. These bateries are well
calculated to keep off a fleet from seaward
which approaches to within a moderated
distance of a few thousand jards. Ido not
think they are well placed to resist an at
tack (for instance-, the western) from the
westward and close in shore, where the
batteries would be exposed to a flank fire
or to the fire of our big ships at short range,
where the secondary batteries would have
full effect. Under these circumstances the
ships must have such a heavy fire that the
shore batteries would be overwhelmed by
its volume. Before the Puritan and Amphi
trite arrived I was not entirely sanguine of
the success of such an attack. Since their
arrival yesterday 1 have little doubt of its
"Although the monitors are weak in sec
ondary fire, I expect to put a cruiser with
heavy secondary fire in the interval between
each two of them, lv this way) 1 do not
think the Spaniards would be able to fire.
They would be driven away from their guns
and kept away, while the lire of the ships
would so injure the guns or mounts' that
they would be unserviceable. Although the
di tenses west of the entrance are stronger
than those east, the first ha- the advantage,
for lis, that all the projectiles which miss
the batteries will fall in the city*and furnish
an additional inducement for the surrender
of the city.
"In the memorandum which I furnished
to the commanding officers of ships I pro
vide that if our ships arc not numerous

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