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The herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1893-1900, December 23, 1898, Image 1

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TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR. NO. 84.
COL. ROOSEVELT'S REPORT
On the Work of Rough Riders
Before Santiago
THINGS WHICH WERE NOT PROVIDED
Included Practically Everything Which Soldiers Might Have
Been Expected to Need, From Food for Fighters
to Aid for the Wounded
Associated Press Special Wire
WASHINGTON, Dec. 22.—The war de
partment made public today two reports
of Colonel Roosevelt's on the fights of the
First United States volunteers (Rough
Riders) in front of Santiago. One is ad
dressed to Colonel Wood, commanding, and
the second is to Brigadier-General Wood,
after Colonel Roosevelt took command of
the regiment.
The war department has hitherto refused
to make these reports public.
THE FIRST REPORT
The first report says:
TRENCHES OUTSIDE OF SANTIAGO,
July 4, 1808. Leonard Wood, Commanding
6econd Cavalry Hrigade: Dear Sir —On
July. 1 the regiment, with myself in com
mand, was moved out by your orders, di
rectly following the first brigade. Before
leaving the camping ground several of our
men were wounded by shrapnel. After
crossing the river at the ford we were
moved along and up the right bank, under
fire, and were held in reserve at a sunken
road. Here we lost a good many men, in
cluding Captain O'Neil, killed, and Lieuten
ant Haskell, wounded. We then received
your order to advance and support the
regular cavalry in the attack on the in
trenchmenta and blockhouses on the hills
to Uie left. The regiment was deployed on
both sides of the road, and moved forward
until we came to the foremost lines of the
regulars. We continued to move forward
until I ordered a charge, and the men
rushed the blockhouse and rifle pits on the
hill to tlie right of our advance. They did
the work in fine shape, though suffering
severely. The guerdons of Troops E and
G were first planted on the summit, though
the first men up were some of A and B
troopers, who were with me. They then
opened fire on the entrenchments on a hill
to our left, which some of the. other regi
ments were assailing and .which they car
ried a few minutes later. In the meanwhile
We were under a heavy rifle fire from the
iulrendhmeHts along the lulls to our front,
from whence they also shelled us with a
piece oi field artillery until some of our
marksmen silenced It. When the men got
their wind We charged again and carried
the 'second line of intrenchments with a
rush. Swinging to the left, we then drove
the Spaniards over the brow of the chain
ot hills fronting on Santiago. By this time
tbe regiments were much mixed and we
were under a very heavy fire, both of shrap
nel and from rifles, from the batteries, en
trenchments and forts immediately in front
of the city. On the extreme front I now
(pund mysef in command, with fragments
of tbe Sixth cavalry regiment and the two
batteries under me. The Spaniards made
one or two efforts to retake the line, but
were promptly driven back.
HOLD THE LINE
Both General Sumner and you sent me
word to hold the line at all hazards, and
that night we dug s line of intrenchments
across our front, using the captured Span
ish in trench men t tools.' We had nothing to
eat except what we captured from the
Spaniards, but their dinners had fortu
nately been cooked, and we ate them with
relish, having 'been fighting all day. We
had no blankets or coats, and lay by the
trenches all night. The Spaniards at
tacked us once in the nigh'j. and at dawn
they opened a heavy artillery'and rifle fire.
Very great assistance wsjb rendered us by
Lieutenant Parker's gatling battery at crit
ical moments. He fought his guns at the
extreme front of the firing line in a way
that repeatedly called forth the cheers of
my men. One of the Spanish batteries that
was used against us was directly in front of
the hospital, so that the Red Cross flag
flew over the battery, stiving it from our
fire for a considerable period. The Spanish
Mauser bullets made clean wounds, but
they also used a copper-jacketed or brass
jacketed bullet, which exploded, making
very bad wounds indeed.
FOOD GETS SCARCE
Since then we have continued to hold the
ground. The food has been short, and
until today we could not get our blankets,
coats or-shelter tents, wuile the men lay
all day under the fire of the Spanish bat
teries, intrenchments and guerrillas in trees,
even tsking off their shoes; but they are
to carry,out any orders they receive.
At the end of the' first day the erigtit
troops were commanded, two by captains,
three by first lieutenants, two by second
lieutenants, nnd one by the sergeant whom
you made acting lieutenant. -
We went into , the fight about 190 strong.
Eighty-six were killed or wounded, and
there are half-a-dozen missing. The great
heat prostrated nearly forty men, some of
them among the best in the regiment. Be
sides • Captain O'Neil and Llfut. Haskell,
Lieutenants Leahy, DeVereabx nnd' Cass
were wounded. All behaved with great
gallantry. As for Captain O'Neil, his loss
is one of the severest that could have be
fallen He Hgimen*? He was a man >v c.nl
head, great executive ability and literally
dauntless in courage.
FIRING AT WOUNDED
The guerrillas in trees not only fired at
our troops,' but seemed to devote them-
especially to shooting nt the sur
geons, the hospital assistants with Red
Cross badges on their arms, the wounded
who Were being carried in litters, and the
burying parties. Many of these guerrillas
Were dressed in green uniform:*.
We sent out a detail of sharpshooters
among thoso in our rear, also along the line
where thay bad been shooting the wounded,
■W'lrllWthirteen.
The attempt to give a list of the men
who showed signal valor would necessitate
sending in an almost complete roster of the
regiment. Many of the cases which I men
tion stand merely as examples of the resb—
not as exceptions.
The most conspicuous gallantry was
shown by Trooper Powland. He was wouncl
ctf in tlie side in our first fight, but kept in
the firing line. He was sent to the hospital
to us, overtaking us, and fought all through
this battle with such indifference to dnnger
that I was forced again and again to rate
and threaten him for running needless risk.
UNIDENTIFIED HEROES
Oreat gallantry was also shown by four
troopers whom I cannot identify and by
Trooper Winslow Clark of Troop G.
j It was after we had taken the first hill
1 1 had called out to rush' the second, and
j having by that time lost my horse, climbed
I a wire fence and started towards it.
| After going a couple of hundred yards under
a heavy fire, I found that no one else had
J come. As I discovered later, it was Bimply
I because, in the confusion, with men shoot
ing and being ahot, they had not noticed
jme start. I told the five men to wait a
. moment, as it might be miunnderstood if
I we all ran back, while I ran back and start
ed the regiment, and as soon as I did so the
j regiment came with a rush. Put mean
while the five men coolly lay'down in the
open, returning the fire from the trenches.
|It is to be wondered at that only Clarke
j was seriously wounded, and he called out
as wo passed again to lay his canteen where
:he could reach it, but io continue the
charge and leave him where he was. All
tbe wounded had to be left until after the
first fight, for we could spare no men from
the firing line. Very resiwctfulty,
THEODORE ROOSEVELT,
Lieutenant Colonel of the First United
States Volunteer Cavalry.
THE SECOND REPORT
' The second and more important report
is as follows:
CAMP HAMILTON, near Santiago de
Cuba, July 30, 1898. — Brigedier-Ueneral
Leonard- Wood, commanding Second bri
gade, Cavalry division—Sir: In obedience
to your direction?, I .herewith report on
the operations' of my regiment from the
Ist to the 17th instant, inclusive.
As I have already made you two reports
about the first day's operations, I shall pass
(hem over rather briefly. On the morning
of the first day my regiment was formed
at the head of the Second brigade, by the
El Post) sugar mill. When the batteries
opened ths Spaniards replied to us with
shrapnel, which killed and wounded several
men of my regiment. We then marched
toward the right, and my regiment crossed
the ford before the balloon had come down
and attracted the fire of the enemy, so at
that point we lost no one. My orders had
been to march forward until I joined Gen
eral Lawton's left, but after going about
three-quarters of a mile I was halted and
told to remain in reserve near the creek by
a deep lake.
The buHets dropped thisg among us for
the next hour, while we lay there, and
many of my men were killed and wounded,
among the former being Captain O'Neil,
whose loss was a very heavy blow to the
regiment, for he was a singularly gallant
and efficient officer. Acting Lieutenant
Haskell was also shot at this time. He
showed the utmost courage and had been
of great use during the fighting and march
ing. It seems to me some action should
be taken about him.
ADVANCE ORDERED
You then sent me word to move forward
in support ,of the regular cavalry, and 1
advanced to the right in column of com
panies, each company deployed as skir
mishers. We moved through several skir
mish lines of the regiments ahead of us,
as it seemed tp me our only chance was in
rushing the intrenchments in front, in
stead of firing at them from a distance
Acordingly we charged the blockhouse and
intrenchments on the hill to the right,
against a heavy fire. It was taken in good
style, the men of my regiment thus being
the first to capture any fortified position
and to break through the Spanish lines.
The guidesr of C and E troops were first
at this point, but some of the men of A
and B troops, who were with me personally,
got in ahead of them. At the last wire
fence up this hjll I was obliged to aban
don my horse, and after that went on foot.
After capturing this hill we first directed a
heavy fire upon the San Juan hill, to our
left, whch was at that time'being assaulted
by the regular infantry and cavalry, sup
ported by Captain Parker's Gatling guns.
SAN JUAN TAKEN
By the time San, Juan was taken a large
force had assembled on the hill we had pre
viously captured, consisting not only of my
own cavalry regiment, but of the Ninth and
portions of other csvajry regiments'. We
then charged forward under, a heavy fire
across the valley against the Spanish en
trenchments on the hill at the rear of the
San Juan hill. This we also took, capturing
several prisoners. We then formed in what
ever order' we could and moved' forward,
driving the Spanish before us to the crest
of the hill* in our frorot, which were imme
diately opposite the city of Santiago itself.
Here I received orders to halt and hold
the hill of Crest. I had at the time .frag
ments of the Sixtih cavalry regiment and an
occasional infantrymajn. .under me—three or
four hundred men all told. As I war the
highest there I took command of all of
them arvd so continued'until the next morn
ing.
The Spaniards attempted to make a coun
ty attack that afternoon, but were easily
driven back, and then until after dark *c
remained under a heavy fire from their riles
and great guns, lying flat on our facet ok a
THE HERALD
CONDITIONS IN THE COLONIES
Reported Satisfactory by Officers In Command
Message From Gen, Otis From Manila
Is Particularly Pleasing
• WASHINGTON, Dec. 22. —(By the Associated Press.) Encouraging reports of the condition of affairs in Manila •
• and Porto Rico reached the department today from the officers, commanding troops in those departments. The dispatches •
• from both General Otis at Manila and General Henry at San Juan were in response to telegraphic inquiries by the secte- •
• tary of war based on reports of a disquieting nature which have reached the officials here. That from General Otis was •
• particularly gratifying to the president and Secretary Alger. It was as follows: •
• REPORT FROM 01 IS •
• MANILA, Dec. 22. —Adjutant General, Washington: Believe city never mere quiet. Order prevails. Nattvepop- •
• ulation greatly augmented in thee months. Volume of business increasing. Conduct of troops good. Most favorably •
• commented upon by cit'zens. Discipline improving. Disorders promptly punished as business of courts show. News- •
• paper articles published in United States, Hongkong and Singapore untrue. Military rule firm as demanded by circura- •
• stances. OTIS. •
• HENRY'S DISPATCH •
• The dispatch from Henry is as folliws: > •
m SAN JUAN DE I'ORTO RICO, Dec. 22.—Complaints of disorderly conduct unknown here. If specific charges, can •
• be sent investigation and if necessary punishment will follow. Subordinate commanders have been| apprised of your tele- •
• gram. HENRY. •
gentle slope just behind the crest. Captain
Parkhurst's gatting batery was run up to
the right of my regiment and did most ex
cellent and gallant service.
A SPANISH DINNER
In order to charge the men had, of course,
been obliged to throw away their packs, and
we had nothing to sleep in and nothing to
eat. We were lucky enough, however, to
find in the captured blockhouse the Spanish
dinners, still cooking, which we ate with rel
ish. They consisted chiefly of rice and peas,
with a big pot containing a stew of fresh
meat, probably intended for the officers. We
also distributed the captured Spanish blan
kets as far a* they would go among our men
and gathered a good deal of Mauser ammu
nition for use in the Colt rapid fire gun,
which was being brought up. That night
we dug intrenchments across our front.
FIRING RESUMED
At 3 oclock in the morning the Spat iards
made another attack upon us, which was
easily repelled and at 4 oclock they opened
the day with a heavy rifle and shrapnel fire.
All day long we remained under this, re
plying whenever we got a chance. In the
evening at about 8 oclock the Spaniards
fired three guns and opened a heavy rifle
fire, their skirmishers coming well forward.
I got all my mem down into the trenches-,
as I did the other command near me, and
we opened a heavy return fire. The Span
ish advance was at once stopped and after
an hour their fire died away.
This night we completed most of our
trenches and began to build homb proofs.
The protection afforded to our men was
good and next morning I had but one man
wounded from the rifle and shell tire until
12 oclock, when the truce came. I do not
mention the officers and men who partic
ularly distinguished themselves, as I have
nothing to add in this respect to what was
contained in my two former letters. There
were numerous Red Cross flags flying in the
various parts of the city, two of them so ar
ranged that they directly covered batteries
in our front and) fon some time were the
cause of our not firing an them.
SPANISH GUERRILLAS
The Spanish guerrillas were very active,
especially in our rear, where they seemed
by preference to attack the wounded men
who were being carried on litters, the doc
tors and medical attendants with Red Crot V
badges on their arms and burial parties. I
LOS ANGELES, FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 23, TB9B
WHAT STEP TO TAKE NEXT
organized a detail of sharpshooter? and
sent them out after these guerrillas, of
whom they killed thirteen. Two of the men
thus killed, were shot several hours after
the truce had been in operation, because in
spite of this fact they kept on firing on our
men as they went to draw water. They were
stationed in the trees, as the guerrillas are
generally, and owing to the density of the
foliage and to the use of stnokelless powder
rifles, it was an exceedingly difficult matter
to locate them. For the next seven days,
until the tenth, we lay in our line while the
truce continued. We had continually to
work at additional bomb-proofs and at the
trenches, and as we had no proper supply
of food and utterly inadequate medical fa
cilities, the men suffered a great deal.
FUNDS FOR FOOD
The officers chipped together and pur
chased beans, tomatoes and sugar for the
men so that they might have some relief
from the bacon and hardtack. With a great
deal of difficulty we got i.hem coffee. As tor
the sick and -wounded they suffered so in
the hospitals, when sent to the rear, for
lack of food and attention that we found it
best to keep them at the Iron t and give them
such care as our own doctors could. As I
mentioned in my previous letter thirteen of
our wounded men continued to flghf through
the battle in spite of their wounds and of
those sent to the rear many, both of the sick
and wounded, eaflls up to rejoin us as soon
as their condition allowed then* to walk,
most of the worst cases being ultimately sent
to the states.
On the 10th the truce was at an end and the
bombardment reopened. 'As far as our lines
were conoerned it was on the Spanish part
very feeble. We suffered no losses and
speedily got the fire from their trenches in
our front completely under. On the Hth
we were moved three-quarters of a mile to
the right. The truce again being on, nothing
happened here except we continued to
watch, and did our bet to get the men, espec
ially the sick, properly fed and having no
transportation and being able to get hardly
any through the regular channels we used
anything we could, capturing Spanisll cav
alry horses, abandoned mules which had
been shot but whicfi our men took and cured;
diminutive, skinny ponies, purchased from
the Cubans, etc.
SUPPLIES SHORT . ..
By this means and by the exertion* of the
.officers we were able from time to time to
get supplies of beans, sugar, tomatoes and
even oat meal, while from the Red Cross
people we got our invaluable load of rice,
corn meal, etc., all of this being of the ut
most consequence, not only for the sick but
for the nominally well, as the lack of proper
food was telling terribly on the men. It was
utterly impossible to get them clothes and
shoes, those they had being in many cases
literally dropping to pieces. On the 17th the
city surrendered. On the 18th we shifted
camp here, the best camp we have had, but
the march hither under the noonday 6un
told very heavily) on our men, weakened by
under-feeding and over-work and the next
morning 123 cases were reported to the doc
tor, and I have now but half of the 600 men
with which 1 landed four weeks ago, fit for
duty. As we had but one wagon the change
necessitated leaving much of my stuff behind,
with a night of discomfort, with scanty shel
ter and scanty food for the most of the offi
cers and many of the men. Only the posses
sion of the improvised pack train alluded to
above saved us from being worse. Yesterday
I sent a detail of six men and officers to see if
they could not purchase or make arrange
ments for a supply of proper food, clothing,
etc., for the men, even if we had to pay for
it out of our own pockets. Our suffering hns
been due primarily to lack of transportation
and proper food or sufficient clothing and of
medical supplies. We should now have
wagon sheets for tentage. Very respectfully,
THEODORE ROOSEVELT.
PACIFIC MAIL COMPANY
Draws Up a Balance of Six Months'
Work
NEW YORK, Dec. 22—The Pacific Mail
company's statement for the six months
ended October 21st is as follows: Gross
earnings, $2,228,552, an increase of $313,568;
net earnings, $905,420, an increase of $526,
--601; reserve funds, $174,690, an increase of
$99,090; surplus, $730,730, an increase of
$426,911.
The balance sheet shows current liabilities
amounting to $277,358, an increase of $95,
--202, and current assets of $2,308,973, an in
crease of $673,730. The net cash surplus is
about $2,000,000.
The fund for general and extraordinary
repairs of steamers has been increased $125,
--630. All of the boats chartered by the gov
?rnment have been* returned except the
Newport, which hat been rechartered.
FLAG FLIES OVER FT. ATARES
In Spite of Official Orders to Haul
It Down
CUBAN CONDITIONS ARE IMPROVING
Havana's Hungry People Are Being Fed and Santiago
Citizens Are Set to Cleaning the Streets Under
Penalty of the Lash
Associated Press Special Wire
HAVANA, Dec, 22.—Maj. Russell Harri
son, who on Tuesday raised the Stars and
Stripes over Fort Atares without orders and
in contravention of the promise oi the
United States evacuation commissioners
that no American Hags' should be raised in
Havana or its suburbs until January 1, was
today formally reprimanded by Major Gen
eral Lee and was instructed to lower the
flag. Lieut. Lee reported a few hours later
to headquarters that the flag had been low
ered. Nevertheless, at the hour of filing
this dispatch (4:30 p. m.) it is still flying on
a tall staff over the famous fort, plainly
visible from the harbor and city.
RELIEF ORDERS
Major General Lee having received a ca
ble dispatch from General Alger saying that
the secretary of war understood that there
were thousands of persons starving in Ha
vana and directing him to feed them?'with
out delay," immediately ordered Lieutenant
Colonel Woods to distribute rations and
make systematic efforts to feed the helpless,
carefully avoiding waste. There are hun
dreds in Havana today who, though not
actually starving, are in a deplorable state
of weakness and disease, the effects of the
cruel concentration policy.
Porter's Report
WASHINGTON, Dec. 22.—Robert P.
Porter, special commissioner for the United
States to Cuba and Porto Rico, has re
turned from Santiago and has submitted his
report to the secretary of the treasury.
While in Porto Rico Mr Porter held public
hearings, and all persons interested in the
welfare of the island were invited to submit
statements and give oral testimony. The
chamber of commerce, representing the
commercial and industrial interests of the
province, reponded. The machinery of tha
military government, Mr. Porter says, is
running with a fair degree of smoothness,
and the men responsible for it understand
their business thoroughly.
STREET CLEANING
In Santiago the streets are no longer used
as sewers and the unhappy individual who
violates the law and escapes the lash of the
sanitary commissioner's whip is compelled
to work on the streets for thirty days. The
work of sanitation is not confined to the
streets, but extends to the dwelling houses,
shops and buildings of all kinds. To ac
complish this, however, the doors of houses
had to be smashed in and people making
sewer 9 of the thoroughfares were publicly
horsewhipped in the streets. Eminently re
spectable citizens were forcibly brought be
fore the commanding general and sentenced
to aid in cleaning the streets they were in
the habit of defiling. Several important
streets have been repaved, all the public
buildings have been thoroughly cleansed,
the work even extending to the opera house.
The law courts, which were abolished when
General Shatter took the city, have been
reorganized.
In the same manner local government has
been restored and native mayors and city
officials appointed, the only requirement
being that perjons accepting such offices
shall take the oath recognizing the military
occupation of the island by the United
States but in no way committing them to
any future form of government.
TAXES COLLECTED
The Spanish when in possession of Cuba,
not only assumed' control of the judiciary
but of the municipal government. ' The
larger portion of the taxes raised for muni
cipal purposes were diverted with the other
revenues into channels which, says the re
port, either led to Spain or into Spanish
pockets.
Mr. Porter advises that their taxes here
after must be used for local purposes and as
far as may be deemed practicable that they
be collected and disbursed by properly con
stituted locaPauthorities.
The internal, industrial, professional,
licensing and other miscellaneous taxes have
so far been remitted in this part of Cuba,
but the authorities are now preparing to
enforce them.
Mr. Porter speaks in high praise of the ad
i ministrative ability ot General Wood, the
j military governor of Santiago, as shown in
; his admirable management of the affairs of
the province.
Report on Revenue
WASHINGTON, Dec. 22.—The new
bureau of the war department, the division
of customs and insular affairs, today made
j its first public report on the revenues of the
new insular possessions of the United States,
including Cuba, which is being considered
for the present as United States territory.
The customs receipts at the port of San
tiago de Cuba under the occupation of the
United States forces up to December Ist
were $275,218.
The gross total of receipts from customs
received up to December 15, 1898, from the
date of the mrrTtary occupation of Porto
Rico by the United' States forces, is 761,
--278.25 pesos.
The total receipts from all sources of taxes
exclusive of customs is 91,083.30 pesos.
The gross sum total of taxes and customs
received up to November 30, 1898, at the
port of Manila since the military occupation
of the port by the United States is 1,577,978
pesos.
No statement has yet Been given of ex
penditures in these territories.
The Cuban Interior
SANTIAGO DE CUBA, Dec. 22.-General
Demetrius Castillo returned today from his
trip into the interior of the department of
Santiago, where, under the direction of Gen
eral Wood, the military governor, he has
been establishing the minor civil govern-
Out 80,5 .--»„,r,r-i
-. tc„t. hump-. — «.OMiwy
PRICE FIVE CENTS
ments. He reports that there has been con
siderable cattle stealing in the neighborhood
of San Luis. Tomorrow Colonel Francisco
Valiente, chief of gendarmerie, will !e"ave
for that district with a Substantial force to
try to capture the thieves.
According to General Castillo the Cubans
have again been tampering with the tele
graph lines. The line to fluantanamo has
been maliciously cut twice. In both cases
the cutting was absolutely wanton, because
the wire has not been Uied, as mi the case
of the cutting of the line to Alto Solongo, for
binding hay. The offenders merely cut it
and left it.
Colonel Valiente has special instructional
in this matter.
Affairs at Havana
HAVANA, Dec. 22— The military tele,
graph from Puerto Principe southward to
Santa Cruz, the cable point, is Hearing com
pletion. The wire with General Carpenter,
will soon be made.
Colonel Dunwoody of the Signal Corps
. says the telegraph will be built as if for mil
itary purposes and will require no land lines
to Santiago as projected. ,
The War Department has directed the)
transport Chester to take General Greene
and his staff to Savannah. She will sail
tonight.
Marshal Blanco, though not requested to
do so by the American Commissioners, issued
I directions before leaving Cuba that the rich
silver palnce table service be left for the
i Americans and that the magnificent furni
. ture of the reception room be also left for
I he American occupants. Tlie official coaches
i with the arms of Spain and the furniture
: of the Treasury Department will be Bold.
'• A proposition has been made in the munic-
I ipal Council to change the name of Obispo
i street to Lee street. This thoroughfare for
I a time was called Weyler street. Action
' in the matter has been deferred,
i The last formal joint meeting of the
1 United States and Spanish evacuation com
missioners will be h«ld tomorrow. If, after
that, any new questions arise, they will be
j settled by individual interviews or corre
spondence.
FAYNE STRAHN MOORE
And Also Martin Malum, Who Wat
Badgered
XEW YORK, Dec. 22.—The taking of evi
dence in the care of Fayne Strahn Moore,
accused of robbery in tlie first degree, was
resumed today before Recorder Goff. Three
witnesses gave testimony confirming that
of Martin Mahon, the alleged victim of the
badger game. Then Mrs. Fannie E. John
son, who lives on West Fifty-seventh street,
where it is alleged Mahon took Mrs. Moore,
said she knew Mahon and also the defend
ant, but did not know William E. Moore.
She testified that she had asked Fayne
Moore in the Tombs why she did not turn
state's evidence. Mm Johnson broke down
at this point and shed many tears>. Ia
reply to a question she said Fayne Moore
said she would not turn state's evidence
because she was afraid Moore would kill
her.
The prosecution closed, and Mr. Levy,
the attorney for the defense, moved for a
dismissal of the complaint, on the ground
that the prosecution had failed to establish
its case. The motion was- denied.
Anne Fitzgerald, matron of the city pris
on, was called for the defense. She denied
having heard Mrs. Johnson advise Mrs.
Moore to turn state's evidence, and also
denied other parts of Mrs. Johnson's evi
dence. At this point the court adjourned.'
.
A SOLDIER SHOT
By a Street Car Conductor Whom He
Threatened
MACON, Ga., Dec. 22.—Private Turner
of the Sixth Virginia volunteer regiment was
shot and almost instantly killed by O. A,
Thrower, a street car conductor, this after
noon. Turner, very drunk, boarded Throw
er's car and used vile language in tlie pres
etted of ladies. Thrower pulled him out of tha
ear to the rear platform. While Throwes
was assisting a lady off the car the negro
kicked him several times and applied more
vile epithets. Turner then went back on
the trailer, but soon returned with a knife
in his hand and swore he would cut Throw
-r's head off. As he stepped on the platform
Thrower fired, the bullet striking the negro
in the mouth. He died in fifteen minutes.
A crowd of negro soldiers and civilians soon
gathered and swore vengeance on Thrower
and all street car conductors. One conduo
tor wa- chased several blocks by the negroes.
Guards have been place on all cars on the
line leading to the negro camp and tonight
the camp is under strong guard to prevent
an outbreak on the part of the negro soldiers.
Canadian Questions
WASHINGTON 1 . Dec. 22.-The next ses
sion of the joint Canadian high commission
will be limited pretty closely to a fortnight.
Lord Herschel, the British member of the
commission, Is booked to sail for Europe on
the 25th of January. He cannot delay
longer in the United Stales for the reason
that he is obliged to attend the opening
of the Paris arbitration on the Venezuelan
houndary, being one of the arbitrator*!.
There are indications tha: after all the com
missioners regard the prospects of reaching
an agreement as very much brighter than
they were Just before the adjournment of
the session.
Will Cause a Riot
LONDON, Dec. 22.—The Paris eorres»
pondent of the Daily Mall snys: The gov
ernment has decided to hand the Dreyfus
secret dossier to the court of caseation.
It will also be communicated to Madame
Dreyfus and to M. Ordnan, the counsel fat
Dreyfus,

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