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TWENTY-SIXTH YEAR. NO. 85. THE PROGRAM IS PREPARED For the Ceremonies at Havana on New Year's Day \ CHANGE Of FLAGS TO OCCUR AT NOON The Spanish Commission Will Surrender to the American Commission, Which in Turn Will Transfer the Government to the General Associated Press Special Wire HAVANA. Dec. 23.—At the joint meet ing of the United States and Spanish mili tary commissioners today the program was finally agreed upon for the change of flags on January lf»t at noon. Just before noon the American and Span ish commissioners. General t'listellanos, the Spanish captain general, and the American ranking officer in Cuba, Major General John B. Brooke, if he arrives in time, and otherwise Major General eLe, will assem ble at the palace. The Spanish commissioner will then sur render the government to the United States commissioners, who will immediately transfer it to the American general com manding. After this the various function aries will remain awhile to receive these who may wish to pay their respects to the incoming authorities. It was agreed at the joint meeting that the Spanish troops remaining in Cuba after January Ist should be considered in the light of foreign troops in a friendly coun try, and to be accorded the privileges u-u --aliy granted under international law. The quarters, buildings and grounds occupied by them are to be covered by the immimi ties of extra-territoriality and further stip ulations were entered into respecting toe prevention of any disturbance of public order consequent upon their presence. Matnnzas and Cienfuegos will doubtless be the only places where Spanish troops will remain after January Ist. and Cienfuegoi will be evacuated last. The Spanish : ? ck MILES MAKES INQUIRY REGARDING HEAT SOLDIERS COULDN'T EAT Some Information Obtained and More Coming of Crookedness in Con- N 'tracts for Army Supplies CINCINNATI, Dec. 23.-<senew»l Miles returned to Washington today after being the guest of honor here last night at the New England banquet. The Commercial Tribune today has the following interview with him: When asked as to the investigation into the beef contract scandal he is now making, to which he referred in his testimony, Wed nesday, General Miles said: "My suspicions were aroused several months ago, and I at once instituted an in vestigation into the matter of sending beef to the army in the West Indies. The testi mony of Wednesday relating to 325 tons of refrigerated beef and 198,000 pounds of canned fresh beef f which was- unfit for food, is only one item. This was sent to Puerto Principe. How much more was sent to Porto Rico I do not know." "How about the beef supply for the army in Cuba?'" "It was just as bad. The conditions there were no better than they were in Porto Rico, as I indicated in my testimony." "How about rations beiore the army em barked? Was the supply no better before the transports sailed than after the army Was established in Cuba?" "It was the same at Tampa and the same at Jacksonville." ' Will you give a little more light on what you meant by the assertion in your testi mony before the War Commission yester day?" General Miles suggested that the food was «ent to his large army under pretense of an experiment. "I think," continued General Miles, "that that sentence is sufficiently plain. 'Prestige' is the precise term to be used. It is absurd to pretend that these enormous quantities of beef were sent to an entire army simply as an experiment. To expect that beef can be exposed to the tropical sun for sixty hours without morti fying ia out of the question." "How about the chemicals used in pre paring this beef?" • "As I stated in my testimony, I believe that the action of these chemicals was largely responsible for the sickness in the army. 1 ' have medical authority for this statement, and I believe it to be true." "How far along has your own investiga tion into this subject progressed?" "My inquiry is still in progress and some of the most important information I have received has been acquired in the last few days." What channel will this investigation take Upon its conclusion?" "I will not discuss that. It is my duty to investigate any wrong existing in the army, and that I am now doing in the regular mili tary manner. The work is not completed yet, and until it is done. I have nothing tp add to the statement before the Avar com mittee yesterday." "What was the matter with the tents?" "There were not enough of them. They were not suited to stand the war and some of them were poor." NOT A PRIZE San Juan Blockade Was Not Effective in July CHARLESTON, S. C, Dec. 23.-In the United States district court today Judge Itrawley handed down n decision discharg ing the Olinde Rodriguez, the French steam ship mnde a prize of war at New Orleans on July 17. The ship belonged to the Trans atlantic line, and at one time it seemed as though international complications might grow out of her detention and the fight in the United States courts over her has been long and bitter. Judge Bradley releases the ship on the ground that the blockade of San Juan was not effective on the sth day of July in the sense in which that term is accepted by the nations. in the hospitals will remain under the Mft guard of the American flag, the Spanish au thorities providing medicines, attendance and food, repatriating them on recovery. Generals l Wade, Hutler and Clous, accom panied by their aides, were received at the palace today with full military honor*. The Spanish trumpeters blew a flare and the po lice guards saluted. The same eeremonie? marked the retirement of the American officers. A SANTIAGO CEREMONY Indicating* Some Appreciation of the Services Rendered SANTIAGO DE CUBA, Dec. 23.- Sen or Bacardo, the mayor of Santiago, accompan ied by the city council, visited General Wood, the military governor, today to pre sent him with an old Spatiu-h medal of honor, of embossed gold, with a chain and a parchment scroll containing the words: "To make one's self beloved by the peo ple in difficult momenta is the best of vic tories." The- deputation requested General Wood to forward a similar medal to President Me- Kintey with a scroll containing the declara tion: "A people never forgets its benefactors." General Wood, replying in a few appro priate remarks' of thanks, prouvifed to for ward the pre.-ident's medal and scroll to Washington, assuring the mayor and coun cilmen that he was confident Mr. MeKinlcy would be gratified to receive them. BOOKS WERE BURNED BUT LABORERS DON'T KNOW THEIR CONTENTS The Standard Oil Clerks and Book keepers Keep Carefully Beyond Beach of Subpoenas CLEVELAND, 0., Dec. 23 —Evidence was secured from additional witnesses today to -how that books belonging to the Standard Oil Company had been destroyed on Novem ber 19 and 21. The first witness examined before Notary Mason today was George Fields, who claimed to have sent empty boxes from the general offices after the books which is alleged to have been destroyed, were taken away. Fields says that he was an employe in the car shops of the Standard. He says that he was instructed by telephone to send two men to the general office. George W. Moran said that he was sent by Fie.ds to the general offices November 19th after boxes of books and papers. Ed ward Chea and MeNierney went with him and Harry Gabelineand Henry Bchaf came in the afternoon. He said the boxes were about four feet square and weighed about 300 pounds. He said that the hallway was so narrow that he lowered them to the ground with a block and tackle through a window. Moran said that the boxes were lowered upon a wagon and taken to the store house on Independence street. Moran testified that on the following Monday morning, the general office telephoned to the car shops lor two men. MeNierney and himself were sent. On that morning they took- some boxes from the store house to the river pump house. He did not know whether they were the same boxes that they had got Saturday. They took the boxes to the furnaces and burned the contents. He admitted that he had talked to Attorney S. H. Tolles, of the Standard, in regard to the destruction of the bunks'. On cross-examination by Attorney Tolles, Moran said that he knew a lot of books and papers were burned a year ago, but he did not help to burn them. The books were burned Saturday in the car shops and on Monday in the pump house. Nobody said anything to him about the matter. Several other witnesses appeared today, but their depositions were not taken. Con stable McMahon was sent to subpoena *ev eral bookkeepers and clerks employed at the Euclid avenue offioesbut came hack with the report that he had been unable to find any of the men he was looking for. Another effort was ahro made today to subpoena Secretary Squire of the Standard Company andTrank Rockefeller, but neither could be found. The taking of depositions was continued until 9 o clock tomorrow morning. FRESNO TRUSTEES All Under the Ban of Grand Jury Transactions FRESNO, Dec. 23.—The Fresno county grand jury created another sensation this afternoon when it found accusations against all the members of the Fresno city board of trustees, charging them with corrupt con duct in office and mismanagement of public affairs. The officers accused of malfeasance are Mayor C. J. Craycroft and Trustees F. M Chittenden, Joseph Spinney, W. F. McVcy and E. L. Austin. The specific charge against them is that they squandered the funds of the city in paying $1795.25 for the reconstruction of an engine house without having first advertised for bids. It is alleged that the amount is over $100 in excess of what it would have been had bids been called for in that man ner. The engine house in question was built for the Fresno fire department over a year" ago at the instance of trustee Joe Spin ney at a cost of $10,000. It is one of the finest of its kind in the state. The evidence against the accused officials seems to be conclusive and it is thought that they will be ousted from office. They will be notified of the grand jury's THE HERALD ORDERS SENT THE BENNINGTON To Sail West From Honolulu and Raise the Stars and Stripes Over Wake Island, Which Is Needed for a Cable Station • WASHING-TON, Dec. 23. —The government has determined to hoist the flag over an island far out in the Paoific • • ocean, and orders were sent out late this afternoon to the commander of the Bennington, Captain Tassig, to proceed at • • once to take possession in the name of the United States government of Wake island, lying in latitude 19 north, longi- • • tude 166 east. It is distant about 20X0 miles from Nihau, the westernmost of the Hawaiian islands, and 1300 miles east • • from Guam. It if almost in a. direct line between these possessions of the United States) and is admirably adapted for • • use as a sitation for a Pacific cable to connect the Philippines with Hawaii and the United States. It is> about three • • miles in length and incloses a lagoon of salt water. The average height of the island is> eight feet above high tide. It • • is scarcely capable in itself, of sustaining life, but it is expected that a cable station can be maintained without diffi- • • culty by the erection of a condenser to supply fresh water. • • Some station in this locality is deemed absolutely necessary to the maintenance of a cable, and for that reason the • • American peace commissioners' at Paris endeavored to secure one of the Caroline islands, but without success. Wake • • island is said to be by right already American territory, for in 1851 Admiral Wilkes surveyed the place and asserted title. • • It is not inhabited, so far as known at the present time, though in'the past some guano gatherers have temporarily • • lived on the island. • • The Bennington is now at Honolulu, and the orders to.her will go out by steamer. After hoisting the flag on Wake • • island she will proceed to Guam and make a survey of the island, which was expected some time ago. She has already • • completed a survey of Pearl harbor, seven miles from Honolulu, which will foim the foundation of the government • • plans for the enlargement of the harbor there and straightening of the channel connecting the inner harbor with the • • ocean, J • action in the morning and ordered to an eWer before the superior court within ten days. The proceeding is only quasi-criminal in nature, the object being simply to oust the trustees from office. A TRADE TREATY To Improve Business Between Chile and Ecuador SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 23—The steam er San Juan, from Central America, brought news thattli c governments of Ecuador and Chine, with the purpose of developing re ciprocal commerce, have resolved to form a commercial and navigation treaty for this purpose. The president of the republic of Ecuador, by his excellency, Senor Dr. Car los Freile Zaldumbide, minister plenipoten tiary, and the president of the republic of Chile, by his excellency, Senor Don Beltrain Mathieii, have agreed to certain articles which will result in materially benefiting trade between these countries. In consequence of the matters set forth in the treaty, the members of the Manufactur ers and Producers' association met today and formulated a letter which will be ad dressed to the secretary of state at Wash ington, setting forth San Francisco's advan tages as a shipping point for Central and South American points. The Railroad Wins FARGO, N. D., Dec. 23.—After many months' work and thousands of dollars ex pended in securing expert testimony, the famous North Dakota railroad rate case was decided by United States Judge Aini don today in favor of the railroads. The decision is concurred in by United States Judge Thayer. Pursuant to a law enacted by the last legislature, the railroad com missioners made a slightly reduced freight tariff. The railroads obtained an injunc tion in the United States court preventing the enforcement of the rates. Judge Ami don then appointed Attorney Lovell a special master to take testimony in the case. Attorney General Cowan and he de voted practically an entire year to the case, assisted by a number of experts. The de cision is to the effect that capital has a right to proper remuneration and North Dakota failed to show that the railroad rates yield more than a proper income on the capital invested. All the roads in the state had joined in the contest. Chiefly Business SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 23.-Thomas H. Watson and his wife, who was Miss Emma Spreckels, daughter of the sugar king, are completing arrangements for an extended tour of the world. While their trip will be one of pleasure and business combined, the chief object Mr. Watson has in view is the acquisition of property valued at nine million pounds. He has in his possession papers which he claims show him to be en titled to about one-half of the town of Car lisle, in England. Samoan Affeirs LONDON, Dec. 23—The Washington government, according to a dispatch from Auckland, has instructed the United States consul at Samoa to actwith great vigilance, and not to entrust his duties to his British and German colleagues. It appears the German agent has taken advantage of his colleagues' confidence to land guns and am munition without their knowledge and also to obtain important advantages lor German firms. _ Sagasta's Sickness MADRID, Dec. 23.—The condition of Senor Sagasta, the premier, now causes grave anxiety. Six physicians were in consultation this afternoon regarding his case, and concurred that he is suffering from bronchial pneumonia, with high tempera ture and an unfavorable absence of expec toration. The newspapers express great sympathy. Senor Groissard, minister of justice, is acting premier. LOS ANGELES, SATURDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 24, 1898 FOUR WAMPUM BELTS THE SUBJECT OF A SUPREME New York State University Naturally Desires Possession of the Ancient Indian Relics | SYRACUSE, N. V., Dec. 23.—A wampum case is on trial before Judge Frank S. liis cock in the Supreme Court. Four wam pum belts, which are the subject of the con troversy, were spread out on the attorneys' table. Heaps of documents and books ac companied them. John Boyd Thacher, former Mayor of Al bany, possessed the four wampums which the plaintiffs are trying to obtain. The most valuable is the Hiawatha belt, said to commemorate the confederation by Hiawa tha in the sixteenth century of the five na tions now forming the Iroquois. The other belts are supposed to symbolize other great events in Indian history. Mr. Thacher bought the betts for $500 from Rev. Oliver Crane of Boston. Mr. Crane purchased them from General Henry B. Carrington, who took the federal Indian census in 1891. General Carrington got them from the late Thomas Webster of the Onondagas. Mr. Thacher exhibited the wampums at the World's Fair. Soon after suit was brought against him in the name of the Onondaga nation by Teh-Hes-La, an Indian chief known in English as Daniel La Fort, and others of the tribe. The conten tion was that the wampums were national, records and could no more properly be pur chased than a marriage certificate on file in a county clerk's office. •It is said that the University of the State of New York is really plaintiff in the suit, as it was last February voted official wam pum-keeper for the five nations. A bill of sale of all wampums in existence was given at that time by the Indians to the university, which now has all the wampums, except the four which Mr. Thacher says he intends to ktep. Washington's treaty with the Indians and other points in their history are involved in the suit. In arguing along this line Edward Winslow Paige, attorney for the plaintiffs, referred to a court of appeals decision that the history of the Indians was a part of State records. Gen. John S. Clark of Auburn, an arche ologist, was the only witness called by Mr. Paige. General Clark testified that he was told by Daniel La Fort and other Indians that Chief Webster was the official! wam pum-keeper and kept the belts under his bed. John Delahanty of Albany, attorney for Mr. Thacher, objected to this course and declared that La Fort and others mentioned should be brought to testifj to' tjjc facts which it was attempted to prove by' General Clark. Mr. Paige introduced the designation of the University of New York a.s wampum keeper, signed by representatives of all five nations. Mr. Deiahanty objected that there was no such official position as wampum keeper; that persons signing it had no right to make the designation, and that they were paid for so doing, which invalidated the act if it did mean anything. Mr. Paige also introduced the bill of sale of the wampums to the university for $500. Mr. Delahanty thereupon moved to dis miss the complaint. He said the Onondaga nation had no standing in court and that the individual Indian plaintiffs have no author ity to bring such a suit. He took the posi tion that the belts were ordinary chattels and must be treated as such, but testimony was continued. , Rev. John Sanborn, who had charge of THE RESULT OF EXPANSION COURT SUIT the Indian exhibit in Chiengo, testified that Daniel La Fort told him the belts were merely relies, although he is nonrina'lily one of the plaintiffs. Mr. Sanborn added that John Boyd, an Indian living in Canada, w«« and had been for many years official wam pum-keeper of the Onondagas. General Clark was then recalled and swore that after the revolutionary war part of the Onondagas went to Canada, after which each party had a wampum-keeper. Baptiste Thomas, one of the chiefs of the Onondagas, testified that he first saw the wampums in possession of his grandfather thirty or forty years ago. His grandfather was wampum-keeper, he said, and from him the belts passed into the hands of Chief Abram La Fort, and when he died Webster "took them." On cross-examination Mr. Delahanty evoked the statement that each chief received $50 for voting to designate the State University as wampum-keeper. Justice Hiseock reserved his decision. FRENCH CLAIMS Only Involve a Little Chunk of China WASHINGTON, Dec. 23.—50 far as can be learned here, the conflicting claims be tween the French government and the United States government at Shanghai, China, do not involve any broad question relating to the acquisition of large tracts of China by France. Complaint was made to this government that the French repre sentatives in China, under the guise of ex tending the limits of their extra territorial concession in Shanghai, had included in the claim certain property, valued mainly for riparian uses, which had long been occupied or enjoyed by American citizens and Ameri can corporations. Upon this statement, United States Minister Conger was instruct ed to protest to the Chinese government against any action on its part which would result in injury to the American citizens above described. It is gathered from the Shanghai dispatches that the British gov ernment has taken a similar course. But beyond that there has been no joint action between the two governments. THREE SISTERS All Famous for Their Skill as Shop lifters SPOKANE, Wash., Dec. 23—With arbabe in her arms and tears streaming down her checks, Bertha Bruges was brought into the police station today charged with sys tematic shoplifting. The police believe that she is a shoplifter of national reputation. They have letters from the east, and on the strength of these have been shadowing the woman for some time. Chief Jansen of Milwaukee wrote that the woman is un doubtedly Bertha Wier, one of the Wier sisters of Chicago, notorious hoplifters, all of them. She was driven out of Milwau kee, and Chief Jansen adds that she has a sister in Joliet prison, another under arrest in Chicago and a sister and brother serving an eight-year term in the Colorado peniten tiary. The woman confessed to the police here, but denies relationship with the Wier family. Revenue Stamp Frauds WASHINGTON, Dec. 23.—1n view of the fact that fraud has been discovered in con nection with the cancellation of documen tary and adhesive internal stamps, by which old stamps were reused, the internal reve nue bureau today issued a regulation which requires all such stamps to be cancelled with the initials of the user, together with the month, day and year written or stamped thereon. Hitherto the month and day of cancellation has not been required. Day on Duty Again. WASHINGTON, Dec. 23.-Secretary Day resumed his duties at the state depart ment today, although still suffering from the effects of an attack of the grip. CANAL COMMISSION REPORT Is Ready for Submission to the Senate Committee ALL DANGER Of BRITISH OBJECTION To Be Removed by the Early Abrogation of the Clayton- Bulwer Treaty and the Making of an Agree ment Guaranteeing Neutrality Associated Press Special Wire WASHINGTON, Dec. 23-TNe prelimi nary report of the Nicaraguan Cana,l Com mission, consisting of General Hayn ts, Ad miral Walker and Prof. Haupt, hes been completed and will be read before t be-Sen ate Committee either during the Ch ristnias recess of Congress or immediately .' after wards. The report will give many details of the construction in regard to tlie pro posed route and will give a close figure on the entire cost of the undertaking; as far as human ingenuity can foresee. A summary of these costs has bedn made out in sections and without going :(nto the details of curves and levels they are as louows': The eastern harbor and jetties will require about nine million cubic yards of soft ex cavation. The jetties themselves require about 400,000 cubic yards of rip rap stone. The Greytown section of the canal, that is the section beginning at the harbor and reaching to the east divide, will require 16, --000,000 cubic yards of hard earth a. ad clay excavations. The three locks in tVris sec tion will cost in the neighborhood vi $10, --000,000 complete, with three million Excava tion. This section is about 13V4 mVles in length and runs through the jungle country near the coast. There will be 700 acres of clearing and grubbing also in this section. The incidental expenses will amount to little besides these above enumerated, there fore they are omitted. The divide section reached from here through the higher range of hills to 24 miles further. There are seven and one-half mil lion cubic yards of rock in this cut, and about five million yards of earth and clay. The depth of this cut Willi be mitigated by the height of the canal, which is 112 feet above the sea. The actual cutting will be about 200 feet in the deepest part. From here begins the Ochoa section, which runs through the San Francisco basin and Florida lagoon. This is low country and the cut-, ting which will reach to the Ochoa dam., 34ft miles from the Caribbean Sea, will only add ten million yards to the figures, making; a trilie over 40,000,000 cubic yards to th'l dam. From here a summary of the cut throve Ji the San Juan River will aggregate 34,000,01 W cubic yards, with about three million mc re of the curve widening and 2000 acres clear ing and grubbing. This will not include any of the dams or embankments, but Bim<ply the channel cutting the bed of the San J lian River. This makes 75,000,000 cubic yardis of all grades of cutting to Lake Nicaragua. The cost of the Ochoa dam, upon which rests the entire feasibility of the routtt, has not been accurately computed, as the un dertaking is of so colossal a nature as to be beyond figuring within a unit or even more. The dam will be over 15,000 feet in length, its foundation 75 feet below the bed of Salt River bottom and its rise 130 feet. As the river will have to be turned from it.s course during its construction, it will be seiin that ninny details will have to be taken irrto con sideration for an estimate of its cost,. The San Carlos embankment will <;ost sev eral million dollars and the estimates are being made. The cuts in the shallow part of the lake will aggregate 10,000,000 yards, making a total of 85,000,000 to the western division. The estimates of the western division have not been made yet. They are under the direction of Admiral Walker's sort, V. XV. G. Walker, and they will amount to not less than 30,000,000 cubic yards more, making a total of 115,000,000 cubic yards of all kinds of excavation to the harbor at Brito and al lowing 9,000,000 cubic yards for dredging here the total estimate will come to nearly 125,000,000 yards exclusive of all dams anil embankments. It will be seen that if 135,000, --000 will be a conservative estimate of the entire cost of the canal, and this almost agrees with those of GeneraJ Ludlow's re port of 1896. The state department originally did not contemplate a formal opening of negotia tions to secure the desired amendment of the Clayton-Bulwer treaty until congress had made some progress at least towards the enactment of the Nicaragua canal hill, the department wishing not to be placed in the false position of negotiating for an ob ject which congress might, before the con clusion, deem to be undesirable. Atter the experience had with the general arbitration treaty there is a particularly strong disin clination to be again placed in thisattitud.\ However, now that the matter hasi been brought into such prominence, the negotia tions may be opened at an earlier dace than was originally contemplated, though it may be taken for granted that their initia tion will be an evidence of the president's conviction that congress will pass some ac ceptable canal bill before adjourning. Although, the gain to English commerce that may be fairly expected to result from the constructioni of the canal by the Ameri can government will make the waterway as important to Great Britain as it is to the United States-, there is still evidence going to show that the British government may seize upon the opportunity to ask for a quid pro quo. It is hard to perceive just now what shape this will take, but it is sug gested with considerable plausibility that this may afford the key to the solution of the reciprocity problem, which has so great ly embarrassed the Canadian! joint high commission. In other words, in considera tion of the relinquishment of her rights in the Niearaguam canal, England may ask for Canada a much more liberal reciprocity <&m A Wi s A. PRICE FIVE CENTS treaty than could be arranged under exial< ing circumstance?. FEAR OF FRICTION To Be Removed by Abrogation of th» Treaty NEW YORK, Dec. 'S3.— A special to tha Herald from Washington says: All danger of further friction between the L'nitcd States and Great Jtritain over tha construction of the Nicaragua canal will shortly be removed by the abrogation of thai Clayton-Bulwer treaty. \our correspondent is in a position to au> thoritatively state that Sir Julian Paunce fote, the British Ambassador, has received or will receive within the next few daya positive instruction to enter upon negotia tions with Secretary Hay for tha abrogation of the convention referred to and the prep aration of a new treaty guaranteeing tha neutrality of the canal. The change of tha British government from its old position o£ insisting upon having a voice in the con struction of the proposed canal is the result of representations made to Lord Salisbury by Mr. Henry White, Charge d'Affaires of this government in London. it is the understanding of those who ara aware of the change in the attitude of the British government that Lord Salisbury will suggest through Sir Julian the advisability of the United States granting some con cessions to his government in return for t!he relinquishment of the important rights possessed by Great Britain in the matter Cif a canal across the isthmus, which for Mearly fifty years have been recognized by this government in the treaty negotiated by John M. Clayton on the part of the United States and Lord Henry Lytton Bul wer on the part of the British government. Just what concessions will be asked are not known, nor will they be until fuller final instructions have been received by Sir Jul- I ian and communicated to Secretary Hay. Britain Is Willing LONDON, Dec. 23, -Tliere seems to b» little doubt that Great Britain will agree to abrogate the ( layton-Buhvcr treaty. The temper of the Cabinet and public opinion, which largely influences the government's policy, points to such action, though no defi nite understanding with the United States has yet been reached. Great Britain desires that the Nicaragua eansil be constructed and is willing that the United States should control it if tha United States guarantees its neutrality and safeguards British interests. The repre sentations from Washington that the Brit ish ambassador there, Sir Julian Paunce fote, has been instructed to negotiate tha abrogation of the treaty are incorrect, though it is likely he will soon receive in structions to that effect. The impression here is that the British foreign office and tha United States charge d'affaires, Henry White, incidental to bis l visits to cabinet ministers, will arrange the basis of actiqn. Mr. White spent part of the week with the Marquis of Salisbury at Hatfield house and he goes today with his family to spend, Christmas week with the Duke of Devon shire at Chatsworth house, Derbyshire, tha country seat of the duke, who is lord chan cellor to the council. Here Mr. White will meet another influential minister, Lord George Hamilton, the secretary of state for India. Anglo-American questions naturally will be discussed. A Quid Fro Quo LONDON, Dec. 24.—The question) of tha Clayton-Bulwer treaty is freely discussed in the- morning papers. The Daily News and the Daily Chronicle published editori als asserting that Lord Salisbury "ought to) get some concessiions in return for consent ing to abrogation." The Daily Chronicle points out that the canal would make the United Sattes a great naval power in tha far east, increase American naval strength in the Atlantic and alter to England's dis advantage the carrying trade to the far east. THE BOTKIN CASE Defendant Denies Every Charge Made Against Her SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 23.—The trial of Mrs. Cordelia Botkin is nearing an end. The defense concluded its case today, with the testimony of the accused woman. Mrs. Botkin made specific denials of almost all the charges brought against her. She con tradicted the testimony of almost every wit" nes that has appeared for the prosecution and her denials, generally, were on the most important points in the case. She swora that sue did nut buy the candy sent Mrs. Dunning, or the little handkerchief whoih was enclosed for Mrs. Dunning* little girl. She admitted intimacy with John I. Dun ning, and stated to the jury that she had tried to prevail upon him to return to his family. Cross examination brought out at least one very important fact against the ac cused. She admitted being at the ferry depot on the day that the poisoned candy was mailed at the ferry postoffice. Three other unimportant witnesses were intro duced by the defense. The court then ad journed until Tuesday, when the prosecu tion will present testimony in rebuttal. Lorber Not Wanted NEW YORK, Dec. 23.—Isndor Eorber, who surrendered himself to the police in San Francisco and is now being held for the New York authorities, probably will be released. The police state that all he did was to desert his wife, ami there is no sus picion that he had anything to do with her death, which occurred three days alter his departure. I.oiber heard that he wai wanted for murder and gave himself up us San Francisco.