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Los Angeles herald. (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, March 27, 1905, Image 3

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The Rev. Benjamin Fay Mills Delivers
an Eloquent Discourse en
Wagner's Great
"Th« Play of Parsifal" was the sub
ject of an eloquent discourse by the
Rev. Benjamin Fay Mills before the
Los Angeles Fellowship in Simpson
auditorium yesterday.
From Wagner's great story he. drew
a pretty lesson and applied It forcibly
to humanity, Baying:
"This Is not a play, but the study of
the mystery of life."
Mr. Mills told at some length the
history of the legend of "Parsifal" nmJ
its development through the middle
ages. He said that Wagner had raally
created a new legend, and then he told
the story of the drama as It is now
presented, bringing out the main points
and characters of the story, and then
"As I have been studying this re
markable Interpretation of life I have
found that It would not be possible to
give my entire exposition of It In one
address. I will therefore this morn
ing give an outline of what Is apparent
upon the surface, and next Sunday
morning will complete the. theme,
speaking upon 'The Religion of Parsi
fal.' ..
"This Is a symbolic lesson in three
parts, viz: the elucidation of the mys
teries of humanity, of sin and of salva
"See Higher, but Do Lower"
"This has seemed a complete de
scription of humanity. I do not care
to raise the question of how humanity
has been wounded, but humanity seems
to be a wounded king, and all Individ
uals also. Amfortas was wounded by
a sacred instrument In the hands of
misdirected energy, to whom his choice
had given it,, and this is certainly true
of every individual. Man seems unable
to do his best and is hampered because
his choice is Influenced by selfish and
sensual desire. We see the higher and
do the lower.
"There are two definitions of sin
that appeal to me and they both are
represented in 'Parsifal.' First, mis
directed energy in the person of Kllng
sor, and, second, choosing the lower in
the presence of the higher good, per
sonified by Kundry. Kllngsor at first
seems to be a pure Incarnation of evil,
but no such thing exists. He was one
who aspired, but was not willing to
pay the price; the misdirection came
from wanting results without fulfill
ing.condltions. Kllngsor was real only
to the knights who failed and to Am
fortas when he failed and vanished
completely at the sign of the cross.
This is a way of saying evil is non
existent, save in human attitude and
recognition of It.
"Kundry at first appears to be a
concrete evil, but we find that she is
,'slnful and yet desiring to be helped;
enthralled of sin, yet seeking after
God.' Good when awake and bad when
asleep; either the gentle, helpful, ef
fective will of the highest expression
'of associated goodness or the slave of
misdirected ! energy.
Character of Kundry
', VKundry is selfish desire and exists
only as we make her. As with Kllng
sor, misdirected energy when rightly
directed simply t does not exist. And
like Kundry, when desire Is purified
and turns to service, the will to give
rather than the will to get, then desire
ceases to exist. Kundry, good as well
as bad, always dies on the steps of the
altar, and desire is ennobled into love.
When a human soul comes not to be
ministered unto, but to minister, de
sire Is dead, temptation has no power,
sin I ceases to exist and mortality is
swallowed, up In life.
t."And when we come to the third
point of salvation we come to Parsifal.
Amfortas and the brotherhood, Kllng
sor and Kundry, as well as Parsifal,
are 'all Included In Parsifal. This Is
not a play, but a study of the mystery
of life, the evolution of the soul, the
explanation of the experience of hu
manity. Parsifal preaches the same
gospel that I preach. Only humanity
can -save humanity. This is the one
lesson of the power of Christianity.
Humanity contains within itself the
power and promise of redemption and
victory. So with the individual man.
Humanity needs no savior but human
ity, and the individual needs none ex
cept, himself, rightly known and de
veloped, to deliver himself from all
his Ills. We may not see this at first,
but Wagner teaches what I teach, that
the enlightenment of pity or, better, of
sympathy, opens the way for man's
moral conquest and the overcoming of
every evil of human experience. .The
sign of the. cross Is a magic sign, which
Is the sign of love at its best."
„;Next Sunday Mr. Mills will speak on
j'The Religion of Parsifal" at the Be
lasco theater, where the Fellowship
will meet hereafter.
"The Making of a Knight" was th»
. theme of Chaplain Kldder before the
. .Knights of Pythias at Burbank hall,
'headquarters of the Strangers' Friend
, toclety, yesterday afternoon. He said
In part: '
"; "Knighthood has always stood for vVo
1 best that la In man. Kvery age has had
', Its Ideals of true knighthood. Tins ideals
lifthla age surpass all of its predeces
:' »ors. •
'.'.'Pythian' knighthood Is not behind the
; lest, lot ' it i embodies the most Inspir-
In* Ideals, friendship, charity and ben- 1
evolence. The making of a knight that
Khali measure up to the high Ideals of
the present Is the noblest of fine nrts.
No art in ancient or modern time* Is «o
noble; It Involve* the hlghent,. the
purest, the strongest nnd the most un
selfish Rifta In man. The Pythian
knight has much expected of him. Pos
sibilities of splendid citizenship, of un
dying friendship, of the model husbanl
and wise father are in him. It Is be
cause this order offers sn Inspiration for
noble thing* that It* being Is Justified.
Men have their longing* for the (rood,
but are sluggish. They are ever ques
tioning, 'I* It worth while to try?' The
strong realities of life often drive one
to the verge of denpnlr, but Pythlnnlsm,
with Its brotherly love nnd devotion, i*
sn Inspiring pledge ,of fidelity that
mnkes a man confident of the future,
ready to do and dare.
"Pythlanlsm ha* gathered It* Ideal*
like every kindred organization from
the devoted self-sacrificing life that
kindled once the model of excellence.
"In the making of a knight thi* 1*
of the. utmost Importance. The Ideals
must ever be before' htm. The builder
enn never frame nnd perfect hi* temple
or factory or palatial residence If the
Ideal Is wanting. A machinist, an en
gineer who would *pan the river, must
have his Ideal* of the Mructure that will
meet the need*. Even the shoemaker
inunt have hi* Ideals In the last about
which he draws the leather.
"So he, who would make of himself
n noble and true knight, must »et before
himself the highest Ideals."
The morning service at Temple Bap
tist church was again the scene of the
ordinance of baptism yesterday. In thi
evening a "Fanny Crosby Song Ser
vice," commemorating the elghty-src
ond anniversary of the birth of the
noted hymn writer, formed the musical
part of the service. In the morning ths
Rev. Robert J. Burdette preached on
the subject, "The House Beautiful." He
said In part:
" 'In whom all the building fitly
framed together, groweth unto an hot/
temple in the Lord, in whom yet also
are bullded together for an habitation
of God through the spirit.' That's the
House Beautiful, the Church of Goi.
You remember, in 'The Pilgrim's Prog
ress,' that the man Is alone when the
open book In his hand whispers a word
of warning that awakens his sleeping
conscience and makes him cry aloud,
'What shall I do?' Alone he leaves his
home, his family and kinsmen and runs
towurd the shining wicket gate; his
false advisers mislead him and leave
him to his woe, and he Journeys on
alone. Alone he enters the straight gate.
Alone he is shown the beautiful won
ders of the revelation In the house of
the Interpreter. Alone he stands before
the cross and loses his burden of sin.
"And in all the rest of that chapter,
you remember, he sits with the family
and 'relates his Christian experience.'
That's his first prayer meeting, his first
covenant meeting. And he will never
be alone again. And the man who saya,
'I will love Jesus, and follow him, and
serve him, but I will not Join the
church,' • shuts the door or the House
Beautiful In his own face; Bhuts him
self out of the love and communion of
the saints, the Joy and peace and
sweetness of the home; shrinks away
from the gentle hand of the Master
Builder, who would fit him somewhere
into his holy temple, bullded for an
habitation of God." ■. •
The Revs. M. P. Smith, C. S. P., and
John Marks, C. S. P., opened a mission
to continue one week at St. Mary'B
church, Boyle Heights, yesterday. The
services commenced with high mass
at 10 a. m., at which Father Smith
preached the sermon. Father Handly
preached the evening sermon.
■ Both priests are eloquent and mag
netic speakers and it is expected the
present mission will be one of the
most successful conducted by them In
Southern California. They have been
giving missions In . this diocese since
the first of the year, during which time
3000 conversions have been made.
The services will be held each day
at 6 and 8 a. m., with short instruc
tions, and each evening at 7:30 o'clock,
with sermons. The question box will
also be used, the questions to be an
swered from the pulpit.
The mission conducted the past two
weeks at the Church of St. Thomas
the Apostfe closed with the service
last evening, when Father Mulligan,
S. J., preached on the subject of "Per
eeverance." Following the sermon the
papal benediction was given. A
league of the Sacred Heart was
formed last evening. During the week
sodalities of the Blessed Virgin were
formed for men and women.
At the First Presbyterian church yes
terday the Rev. Frank De Witt Tal
mage preached a sermon on the bibli
cal passage, "Stand still and see the
salvation of the Lord." ...He said In
"To fall back, In order to go forward;
to retreat, In order to advance; to
evacuate, In order to conquer; aye, that
Is the course most great military chief
tains have had to take, at least once In
■life, before they won their ultimate
triumphs. Ruch a line of tactics won
for our nation that independence; th<?
anniversary festival of which we are
Boon to celebrate.
"George Washington at Yorktown
would never have been possible had
there not first been a Washington's re
treat from Long Island. When Gen.
Mitllln, with a small detachment of
troops acting as sentinels over,. wooden
guns, deceived the. British army while
the . American , troops. In 'dense fog,
quietly' puddled past Lord Howe's fleet
and slipped through the finger* of Sir
Henry Clinton America's liberties were
rescued from almost certain strangula
tion. Had Washington stayed to ob
stinately hold hi* ground after the
bloody battle of Long Island, th*
American army would have been nnnl
hllated or captured.
"It I* not always *, good plan for c
general to cut hi* bridge* behind him.
Had ther« been no retreat from Bo
hemia after the battle of Kolln, and no
evacuation of Berlin after the slaughter
of Kunersdorf, there would have been
no humiliation of a Maria Theresa, and
no Frederick the Great, whose name ha»
been the marvel not only of Prussia
but of all Europe and the civilized
world. Nathaniel Greene, the mighty
military leader of the Revolutionary
war, seer.nd only in power to George
WHghlngton, wa» aptly called 'The
Great Retreater.' He never won sl de
cisive battle In hi* life. So It has been
with other military chieftain*. There
I* strategy In eluding a foe whoup
strength is nuperlor. Many a general
ha* kept the field and worn out the
patience of an enemy by avoiding a
derisive battle, and In the end has
proved victorious.
"There mny come time* In the battle
of life when a man is to fight, and tlm*-*
when a man Is to run. There al*o some
other times when a man is to' be like a
Moses 'encamped 'before Pl-hahlroth,
between Mlgdil ' and the sea over
against Baal-aephon.' Moses was like
the foreigners, praying and hoping, ntid
hoping and praying In the missionary
compounds of Peking, waiting for th«
allied troops to deliver them from their
Impending fate during the Boxer upris
ing of China In 1900. They were too
strong as a body to have to surrender.
They were not strong enough as a body
to fight their way to the English ships.
And so, hemmed In and driven In on all
sides, they Just stood their ground fight
ing for their existence by day and
sleeping on their guns by night. They
were waiting— simply waiting. They
were standing still, to see the salvation
of. the Lord."
The Rev. J. S. Thomson, pastor of
the Independent .Church of Christ, in
Dobinson auditorium preached a ser
mon on "The Esoteric Nature of the
New Testament." He said:
"Christ's, parables contain Inner
meanings. Sometimes he had to re
veal those meanings to his disciples.
These parables have literal and spirit
ual significations. But we are told
that the letter kllleth, but the spirit
glveth life. This esoteric meaning of
the sacred scriptures was observed and
pointed out by such fathers of the
church as Clemens of Alexandria, Jus
tin Martyn and Orlgen. Phllo, the
famous Jewish expositor of the Old
Testament, claimed that he had dis
covered an inner or esoteric meaning
In the holy writings of his people. Paul
assures us that the spiritual man can
detect and enjoy these secret meanings,
and he also declares that the natural
man (that is, the psychic . man) re
ceiveth not the things of the spirit of
God, for they are foolishness unto him:
neither can he] know them, because
they are spiritually discerned.
"In the ancient Christian church can
didates for membership had to pas 3
through three' degrees before the spirit
ual mysteries could be communicated
to them. The successful candidates
were called 'the elect' or 'the perfect,"
and Paul says that he could talk with
the perfect about spiritual wisdom and
religious mysteries.
"In science, philosophy, music, paint
ing, sculpture and business, technical
terms are used. He who Ib a layman
In relation to these and other learned
professions may hear the technical
language without comprehending its
To rejoice over the fruits of the
evangelistic campaign Just closed and
to make new plans for the continuance
of the work a fellowship banquet is to
be given next Thursday evening by the
greater finance committee of the Evan
gelistic union. The banquet will be held
In the assembly hall of the Young
Women's Christian association.
. With the unpaid pledges cashed in,
every cent of the Indebtedness will
have been fully met. It is hoped that
this may be made possible by the time
a report is given at the banquet Thurs
day evening.
The executive committee of the or
ganization has been made a permanent
body, with . its membership Increased
from twenty-five to fifty members,
twenty-five of whom are to be appoint
ed Thursday evening.,
Girth of Man Increasing
An excellent illustration of the value
of records has been afforded lately re
garding the question of physical degen
eracy. A firm in the north of EnglanJ
has compared the measurements for
clothing made two generations ago
with those of today, the results going
to show that chest and hip measure
ments are now three Inches on the
average more than they were sixty
years ago. The same conclusion is
reached by the experience of the ready
made clothiers. These facts, whatever
may be their generality, do not quite
dispose of the question of degeneracy.
They are what we should expect from
the more abundant and cheaper fool
of the people, their better housing and
Improved sanitary surroundings; but
the testimony regarding the unfit nets
of recruits and progressive lack of
stamina in town, and especially manu
facturing populations, cannot be disre
garded. The girth of man may be in
creasing, but, like a fatting hog, is not
corpulency bringing clumsiness?
What Is It?
A bu«»— a whir—
A cloud of dint-
A (hcitly ohjt( 1 flMhlni by—
'I'Utu itltnct- and • *m«ll! . . ... .
After the Wedding Ceremony He Will
Preach a Sermon From Pulpit
of the Independent Church
of Christ
Th» Rev. J. 8. Thomson, pastor of the
Independent Church of Christ, an»
nounced after his sermon yesterday
that on next Sun-
Jay morning, pre
ceding the sermon,
h« will unite the
Rev. Christopher
Ruess, pastor of the
Church of the Unity
of. Alatneda, and
Ml** Stella Knight
of 1012 West Eighth
street, In the holy
bonds of matri
mony, after which
the groom will preach the sermon for
the morning.
The announcement came as a sur
prise to many friends of the popular
young couple, but the event will be the
culmination of a pretty romance which
began several years ago, before the
Rev. Mr. Ruess went to Harvard uni
versity to prepare himself for his life
Rev. J. 8. Thomson,
Both young people are well known In
Los Angeles, having spent the greater
part of their lives here.
Miss Knight has been prominent in
the work of the Y. W. C. A., and has
taken a strong interest in the welfare
of the young women of Los Angeles.
Had Remarkable Career
The Rev. Mr. Ruess was raised In
Lob Angeles. His career has been a
remarkable one and his friends point
to his success as an indication of what
determination can do for one.
For several years he worked actively
In the Church of the Unity, where he
met Miss Knight. They soon became
fast friends. This Intimacy soon be
came more than friendship and their
engagement was announced to a few
close friends.
Christopher Ruess then went to Har
vard university to prepare himself for
the ministry ,l he having decided to
make this his life work. He distin
guished himself at the university by
his scholarship, despite the fact that
he had to make a living while he at
tended college. This he did by tutor-
Ing and clerical work, graduating with
honors. ■ .
Shortly after leaving the university
he was called to the Church of the
Unity, lit Alameda and under his guid
ance that congregation has grown and
prospered materially.
Amazing Tricks Performed With Ut.
, -. ■ h most Ease
From the Omaha Bee. #
The dexterity or the Hindoos in
tumbling and rope-dancing and leger
demain Is so much superior to that of
Europeans and Japanese that the
statements of travelers on the sub
ject were much doubted until they were
brought to this country. ,
Nothing Is more common In India
than to see young girlß walking on their
heads, with their heels In the air, turn-
Ing round like a wheel or walking on
their hands and feet with the body
bent backward. Another girl will bend
backward, plunge her head into a hole
about eighteen inches deep, full of wat
er and dirt and bring up between her
lips a ring that was burled In the mud.
Two women may frequently be seen
dancing together in a rope stretched
over tressels, the one playing on the
vlna, or Hindoo guitar, the other hold-
Ing two vessels brimful of water and
capering about without spilling a drop.
One of them will sometimes balance
herself in a horizontal position, with
her arms extended like a person swim
ming, on the top of a bamboo pole
ninety feet high fixed In the ground.
In a short time she seems to have lost
hen balance and falls, to the no small
terror of the spectators, but this Is only
one of her customary movements: she
catches by one foot in a rope fastened
to a bar which crossts the middle of the
pole and remains suspended with her
head downward.
A plank Is sometimes fixed to the top
of a pole twenty-five feet high, which
Is set upright; a man climbs up it,
springs . backward and seats himself
upon the plank. Another mountebank
balances himself by the middle of the
body on a bamboo pole fifteen or eigh
teen feet high. He first sets It upright
and then climbs up It with his legs
and arms, as if It was a firmly rooted
tree. On reaching the top he clings to
it with his feet and hands after fixing
the center of the pole In the middle of
his' sash and dances, moving about In
all . directions to the sound of music
without the pole ever losing Its equi
librium. He then descends, takes a
boy on his shoulders, climbs up the
pole again and stands on the top on
one leg.
Sometimes a boy lies across the ex
tremity of the bamboo and holds him
self quite stiff for a considerable time.
A man lifts up the pole and the boy
In that state and moves them about
In all directions without, losing the
Professor Korn of Munich, has pre
sented a report to the Bavarian Acad
emy of Sciences stating that he haa
perfected a system of transmitting
photographs, sketches and fac-slmllea
of signatures over ordinary' telegraph
wires. .Any. photograph, he says, can
be 1 transmitted over, a: wire one,thou
sand • miles long In < twenty minutes. , :
Province of Twenty-Eight Million In
habitants Adopting Western Im.
provements and Showing In. •
terest in Christianity
dpeelut <o Th« Hit-lid.
NEW YORK, March 25.— The change*
which ore taking place In China In re
gard to the attitude of the Chinese
toward American* and other foreigners
Is Indicated In a remarkable way In
advices Just received from a missionary
In Chlnan-fu by the Presbyterian board
of foreign mission*, recording the re
cent nets of His Excellency, Chou-fu,
governor of Shantung province, In
which Chinan-fu I* situated. . .
Thl* governor I* now over 70 year*
of age, and hi* ability and energy aro
shown by the fact that he has within
the last two years opened a military
school, reorganized the police force ot
the city, and has constructed .In 1U
environs several miles of macadamized
road. To superintend these schemes he
employs three Germans and an Aus
trian. He has also established a fac
tory where good* such as rugs, silk"!,
furniture and Jlnrlkshas are now made
by modern methods. He has -erected
a mint for the coining of the new. cur
rency which, according to recent
treaties, China must now use. He en
gaged two skilled Japanese to develop
the silk industry of the' province' by
the introduction of fresh cocoons' from
Japan and a better grade of mulberry
trees from the south, as also "a more
scientific way of treating 'the cocoons.
He has engaged three Japanese to sup
erintend a large agricultural college
with over 200 students. A school of
forestry Is soon to be opened under
Japanese supervision.
Nor is this progressive Chinese gov
ernor backward in charitable enter
prises. He has opened an Industrial
school for the aged and for foundling)),
and has established In two parts of the
city not conveniently reached by the
medical work of the Presbyterian for
eign board free dispensaries. In this
work he employs a German eye spec
ialist. But his crowning achievement
is the recent completion after eighteen
months work of a plant costing $25,
000 for the Imperial Shantung college.
This is the institution of which the
Rev. Dr. W. M. Hayes was formerly
president. The college is admirably
situated and has accommodations for
600 students,' with 400 now In attend-*
ance. A $15,000 plant provides electric
light, steam and*' hot and cold water.
In' addition $o an American, Mr. Good
cell, the governor has this year added
to the teaching staff a German of
unusual ability as a linguist to teach
German and French and an English
man to teach chemistry and physics
Of lesser note is a normal school under
Japanese teachers.
The governor has also opened a large
number of prefectural and district
schools throughout the province. Last
year he sent fifty students from the
normal school to Japan for a nine
months' trip of observation and study.
His attitude toward the Christian re
ligion was shown by his request that
Dr. Richard should send him copies of
Bad Blood
Is responsible for most* of
the diseases and ailments of
the hitman system, it se-
riously affects every organ
and function, causes catarrh,
dyspepsia, rheumatism,
weak, tired, languid feelings
and worse troubles. Take
Hood's Sarsaparilla
which purifies and enriches
the blood as nothing else can
For testimonials of remarkable cares
send for Book on the Blood, No. 3.
C. I. Hoed Co., Lowell, Mass.
$,„ Double Berth In Sleeping
psn or to
7 Chicago
on daily and personally con-
ducted Northwestern - Union
Pacific excursions from Los
Angeles. Special attention
given family parties. Choice
of routes. Fast schedules.
Through trains. No change of
cars from San Francisco, Los
Angeles and Portland. These
Excursions are In charge of experi-
enced men whose entire attention Is
given to the comfort and welfare of
the travelers In his charge. Full
particulars on application to
«•«. in tii'iniit.
Himpf in t>(iin
I ITn^^J[w.Y\s^B
th« best edition of the New Testament
in Chinese, In order that h« might place
« copy. In the hands of each official of
ths province.
The Shantung province contains M.
004,000 people and the attitude of Its ex
cellent governor, C'hou-fu, toward
western civilization and Christianity 1*
noteworthy not only for the good he
ha* done In the province and Its Im
mediate effect on the people under him,
but for the Influence It exerti through
out China.
Traits of Indians
The Indian bellevM when a man I*
so unfortunate a* to logs an eye he Is
entitled to two wive*, and he generally
get* them.
The wolf ha* a regular name and 1*
never mentioned a* a wolf, but Is ac
credited with having a soul and Is con-
Rldered almost human.
An Indian never goe* on a hunt soon
after attending a funeral, knowing
that (tame will detect hi* whereabouts
readily after being at a funeral.
The medicine man always ' takes
charge of all In camp when on a hunt.
He places his medicines In the ground
with great pomp before building his
tamp fire. The fire I* never removed
while the hunt I* In progress.
The Indian ha* never yet attained
that degree of civilization necessary to
kill, while In anger, hi* father, mother,
brother, sister or child.— Kansas City
Journal. •
Bteam has by no means made sailing
vessels obsolete. The total number of
them In the world Is 65,934, as against
only 30,561 steamers.
Th# I children, Kran4-chiMr»n, Ki-Pnt-Krnnrl
rhlldron njiil irr*at-Kr»»t-)tranrt-chlldr«n of th»
ilnwiiitor cltichfM of .Ali'rcnrn number 12S.
Always Remember the Fall Jitmm j§ ,
|.axative fjromo Quinine /KILJ& on every
Cora •Cold taOneDsy. CripTa 2 D«ym^ # '*+<l&y&y\^ *«• 2So
To the East
Without Changing Cars!
That's an advantage afforded by the
Burlington's tri-weekly thro' tourist .
Sleeping Car Service. Nothing to
worry about during the whole trip.
, Splendid; connections with trains run-
"ning to points off the main lines, or
to points in the farther East or South- ;
east. The route is thro' the glorious
Rockies, via Great Salt Lake, Glen-
wood Springs, the Royal Gorge, Colo-
rado Springs and Denver.
We •ball be glad to give yon full
details lrhenever you call or write.
. . . LAI .
W. W. ELLIOTT, Dlst. Pass. Agt., 222 8. Spring St., Los Angeles.
Send details of your service, eastward via the Scenic Rockies.
Name •••
Address , •
- . .HIM V
) vlfl Southern Pacific- j
Rock Island Route/, f
Daily from Los Angeles at 1 2 .0 1 Noon
Pens, ink, writing paper, envelopes, mail box, blot-
ters, calendars and reports ot the New Tork stock
ntarket Inßuffet-Smoklng-Llbrary Car.
Following periodicals are on file: ;
Century, Sunset Magazine, Collier's Weekly, Mun-
sey's, Outing, Judge, Puck, Life, McClure's. Review of
Reviews, Bcrlbner's, Travelers' Official Railway
Guide, Kansas City, Topeka and El Pato dally L
I Inquire of C. A. PARKYNS,
'..,'. A. C. T. &. P. A. Southern Pacific
161 South Spring Street, Lm Astftles ;
■ or any Southern Pacific Agtnt.
Provincial Officials Issue Great Vol.
urns of Debased Currency for
Private Profit
Br Awnw Fret*.
SHANGHAI, March 28.— The provin
cial mint* have been Issuing unlimited
quantities of debased copper currency,
whereby official* have profited to the
extent of 18,040,000 taels annually.
A* a result of this debasement of the
currency a financial collapse la threat
Automobile* are being uaed to smug
gle goods across the frontiers In Eu
rope. The trick Is becoming more com
mon a* the popularity of motor cars
Increases on the continent. The adapt
ability of the motor car to the purpose*
of the land smuggler has tempted many
to "run the gauntlet" with all kinds of
dutiable goods, and now that a few
ca*es have come to light the customs
official* are devoting unusual attention
to those folk* who show a preference
for traveling In their car* under cover
of darkness.
On the French frontier recently sus
picions were aroused by the frequent
night excursions over- the Berlin side
by a particular motorc ar. An am
buscade was laid and as a challenge
only resulted In the speed of the car
being Increased obstacles were placed
In it* way. The occupants of. the car
decamped, and when the vehicle was
searched £125 worth of Moravian to
bacco was seized. Both the car and its
contents were confiscated.

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