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Los Angeles herald. (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, July 30, 1905, Image 5

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BOND ISSUE OF $23,000,000
Bee New Greatness for Loa Angelas
'if Enormous Flow of Water la .
. '';■ Brought From Sierras to
Clty'a Gates
Continued From Pnare o»».
city. This aqueduct will be next to
the longest on record, It being 240 miles
iv length. .The only one exceeding It
lr | length Is the Coolgardle pipe In
New I South Wales, Australia, which
\h 807 miles long. This line is a thirty
inch; pipe and It runs up hill for. the
entire distance, raising the water' al
together about 2000 feet.' : In order to
make this long 'haul, and lift, fifteen
relays of steam pumps of great power
are necessary. : ■ •' '
: , The city,-" through, lts water com
missioners, "has already either acquired
or I secured 'options ,on the land and
water rights on the Owens river from
Owens lake to Fish Springs, a distance
of !about forty-six . miles. ,' The options
' so "far obtained Include'more than' loo, «
10001 000 i acres 'of land, beside vast - tracts
which the government has promised to
turn over to the city. According to
Mr. Mulholland, thero Is not a strip in
! this V entire forty-six miles which the
■ city, has not secured an option on that
•;Can"not be Jumped across. '.. , •
.^The first five miles above the' lake
was \ government land and the goven
ment'had engineers at work consider
ing i the proposition of conserving the
water,', but through the efforts of En
gineer J. B. Llpplncott this Idea was
given .up land' the land turned over,
with the water right, to the city.
Purchase Riparian ; Rights
1-A.bove the government's grant it was
necessary to purchase all of the rights
which | were obtained. While . few of
these riparian rights were bought out
right,' In 'the majority 'of cases options
were secured on the land and vested
rights.. " ' '.;
| One of the most Important options
secured was' that to the. ditch of the
Perm" colony, with its right to 6000
inche"s,^ i ,Thls. t colony „ was .. established
about-twenty years ago, but owing 7 " to
thejnature of the ground' lt. never pros-,
pered; and they were eager, to' give the
option, not knowing, however, that it
was 1 ' for the city of Los Angeles.
ft'i Fish; springs, forty-six miles above
Owens lake," marks the northern bound
ary *'6t : the : proposed purchase. Con
siderable- water., ls .taken, out, above
these springs for the purpose of Irrlga
tlon.^and yet the river, "makes" so fast
thai the loss of the water is , not ap
parent farther' down. ■',-,.. ■.
Bought Cottonwood Canyon
if C6tton wood • canyon was ' purchased
outright for 111,000. ;!The engineers who
made : the purchase i say it seemed like
taking ,the stream away from the own
ers^ as ; It rims 1000 'miners'. lnches' all
the A time, !; and that Is one-third the
jresent water supply of Los Angeles,
which is said to be worth $25,000,000.
"'Acquisition of this valley by the city
may* mean the . total depopulation of
the"; town | of : Independence. ■ .This is ; a
village of, about 900 . Inhabitants, who
depend' for I their existence upon - the
trade ' of . the >■ ranchers In the valley.
The 1 , land is said to be worth little for
anything • but / cattle raising, and the
total- population of the valley Is- said
to "be* about 2000 persons. .. .:- - ■'•
• *■' Eaton -Fathers Bcheme .
,L Ex-Mayor Fred -Eaton Is the father
of the scheme to bring this water Into
the; city. ■ Some thirteen years ago he
bought a cattle ranch In the valley and
as ? he i* Is , an engineer was at once Im
pressed - with the possibilities of the
stream. ': '„'.;..,-•. "■ ■ . - .
. 'For ten years he has been talking of
the.project but until the last few years,
when \ the :• water | problem had reached
alarming proportions, he could get no
onejto: Usten.; to him... He has worked
persistently but . quietly and has not
talked 'much of late.
','* For a' year past he, with Superinten
dent I Mulholland and the water com
missioners,''have been seriously con
sidering the scheme. Preliminary sur
veys were made under his direction, A
number '/of j the water commissioners,
with Mayor McAleer and City Attorney
Mathews, went over ■ the ground and
thoroughly Investigated the proposition.
Everyone was Instantly Impressed by
the; great possibilities which the de
velopment of the scheme would bring
forth ; for Southern California and be
came'enthusiastic advocates. „
.'Some of the most prominent business
men In Loa Angeles were 'consulted and
they, after a thorough examination of
the proposition, ■■ declared that * If , the
scheme could be materialized the future
prosperity of •■ Los ' Angeles ■ would bo
assured.' \ j .;.■'.. ' .•■■''
Will Cost $23,000,000
After careful estimates It .was figured
that ! the ,• approximate ', cost would be
$23,000,000. Practically every business
man who examined the deal declarud
that with so 'abundant a , water supply
assured ' for all ' time property values ' In
Los' Angeles would , Immediately In
crease to much more than the extent, of
123,000,000.' 'r .
On account of • the state ' law at ■ th«»
present time, If ■ Ix>s . Angeles , should
tying ; down .' this 'great ; water supply,
wbicb (Water Commissioner Fred Bakei
. A ■*■ A A A .». ■». .». -». J- ■»- -♦- ■•.
•• „ I believe this proposition to bo
\ | vthoroughly practical and feasible,
i > There Is an abundance of water.
* ' in the Owens river to supply, the:
\\ city of Los Angeles for many j
<• years after you and I are gone.
\\ We can let the people who live.
., ■■■ here then.take care of the, supply.
i* at that time.; When I left the
|| . river at Lone Pine bridge a few
■ > days ago the government survey.
<' man stationed there measured the -
J! water, and the gauge showed -
• • slightly . over 20,000 'miners':
J Jjj Inches In the stream. .That Is,
„ - eight times what we are getting
• > from the Los. Angeles river at the'
* \ present time', Including both the.
$ surface and underground flow. <
declares is sufficient to supply all of
Southern California for : all time, the
city could not sell to other munlclpal
1 ties., As the supply would at all times
be many fold greater than Los Angeles
could use and there would be no sens*
in allowing all the extra water to be
wasted the. scheme, includes the sale o?
water to other Towns and thus a profit
made to be used In paying off the bonds
and | the expenses jof maintaining the
system.'- .'■ '
Legislation Necessary
For this reason, additional legislation
must be inaugurated and the i fey
changed to permit a city to sell wa^|r
to another city. It will probably re
quire several years to construct tlfcia
aqueduct and tunnels and there wouß'
be time \ for such legislation, but the;
question • as ■ to whether I Los Angeles
wants to spend the {23,000,000 and trust
to the changing of the law arises, i
Does the city want to take that risk?
Even without the privilege of selling
water to other municipalities, It Is de
clared the city Is getting a supply at
a low figure by this purchase/
Nearly ■ every i other city in ' Southern
California Is short of water, especially
Pasadena and those In the neighbor
hood of Los Angeles. Falling In the
alteration of the law, the scheme In
cludes the expansion of Los Angeles
into Greater Los Angeles and the an
nexation of' Pasadena, San Pedro,
Ocean Park, Redondo, Long Beach and
Santa Monica. These cities all need
water and if annexed to Los Angelec,
with the new supply, their supply
would be safe for, many years
Aqueduct in Desert
'The route selected for the aqueduct
runs south through the desert from the
river, near Its entrance into, the , lake,
and ' thence under the mountains Into
the San Fernando valley. *
The method employed by the water
commissioners for securing the options
and rights to the water Is "declared to
be the most unique ever employed by a
municipality or / Its representatives.
Fred Eaton owned a cattle ranch In the
valley, and 1 he, , with his colleagues,
started In to get options on all the cat
tle ranches In the valley,, buying some
of Jthem outright.; The settlers were
almost overjoyed In many cases to sell,
and, as this Is probably the one section
of California which Is going backward
Instead of forward, they thought the
purchasers were crazy. when they paid
$10 an acre for land. .
No one In the Valley had the slightest
Idea that they were selling options : to
representatives , of , the , city of , Los An
geles, i Had ' the water commissioners
The Owens river valley Is a
great country and there Is water
there In sufficient quantities to
supply Los Angeles and Irrigate
half of Los Angeles county be
side for years to come. There
may be some legal difficulties
encountered before: the scheme
can be materialized, but I think
that they can be easily overcome.
I have been on the ground and
believe, that'the answer to the
great water problem has been
found. •
'been forced, as the council would have
t been, to advertise for bids on the land
tto .transact . business In public, every
rh-rjeher In the valley would have want
ed to carpet hla ranch with $5 bills
before he surrendered his title.
Fence In River
If the river is acquired by the city it
will . be fenced for the entire forty-six
miles and . thus all of the water will be
protected. Inia country without fuel,
where It did not. pay to Irrigate with
ditches and taKe the water without ex
pense direct f/om the river, ■ the com
missioners haye no fear of the pumping
stations which have drawn so much of
the water from the San Fernando
valley. . . • , „
Practically the ' only farming now
going on In the valley is j above the
Fish springs. Still farther' up the val
ley, In the vicinity of Bishop, since the
Goldfleld mining excitement, many
ranchers have been raising- hay and
hauling It over the pass 120 miles to
The road by the valley from Mojave
Is a fairly good one for such a country
and ' Superintendent Mulholland says
he came from Owens lake to Mojave
the other day In eight hours.
I The water power and the opportuni
ties for developing electricity .In the
district are said to be almost untold.
Cottonwood creek, with Us flow of 1000
Inches, falls about 1000 feet to the mile
for , a part of Us course. , All of , the
streams are rushing mountain torrents,
while the main river flows at what is
declared to. be a . terrlflo rate. , Though
It la but about waist deep, It is declared
by those who have examined It that no
man could 'withstand the torrent ' and
ford It on foot. I
May Develop Power
Every engineer who': has ; looked ; the
ground ; and water , over > declares that
sufficient electrical power can be de
veioped to light Los Angeles and all
the rest of Southern California.
i Plans for carrying out the scheme
of bringing the water to Loa Angeles
Include the Installation of an electrical
generating plant. The power from this
plant Is to be used In the construction
of tunnels and aqueducts. In a country
without fuel the value of such power
can ' readily ' be appreciated.
When Mayor MoAleer, city Attorney
The development of a water supply sufficient for the needs of a city
of 2,000,000 Inhabitants. '
Organization of a combined elty and county government, annexing
to Los Angeles the cities of Pasadena, Long Beach, Redondo, Santa
Monica, Ocean Park and Ban Pedro, making Greater Loa Angeles.
Development of power for the operation by the combined cities of
their own lighting plants.
Bonding the city to the sum of $23,000,000, to be liaued In Install
ments covering a period of ten yeart.
The construction of a conduit or aqueduct over the detert and plain
and under mountains. •
Mathews and ex-Mayor Fred Eaton re*
turned from their trip of Inspection of
the valley they called a consultation of
the water commission with President
of the Council Summerland, Council
man and President of the Board of
Public Works Edward Kern and Coun
cilman Blanchard of the finance com
mittee. With these representatives of
the city's . legislative body, the water
commissioners, mayor' and city attor
ney carefully went over every detail
of the proposed water system.
! The scheme not only met with , the
hearty approval of the coundlmen, but
they became enthusiastic advocates,
recognizing Instantly what the success
ful carrying out of the proposition
meant to the city.
Government Lands Secured
It was through United States Engi
neer J. S. Llpplncott that Lob Angeles
■ecured the , title : to the government
lands In the Owens valley. He and his
assistant,, B. T. Perkins. - visited the
valley, to look after some of Fred Ea
ton's frenzied 'purchases. ,i Mr. Llppln
tott secured the service* of three gov
ernment surveyors to select the , route
to be taken by the aqueduct. For four
months these government ■ engineers
have been at work and have made the
preliminary map of the route from
Charley's butte to the San Fernando
valley. ,
Already the . water . department has
expended about $150,000. , The commis
sioners favor the voting of bonds for
the completion of the work on the In
stallment plan, a couple of millions or
so at a time until the ■ entire amount
necessary shall ■ be at hand.
The water rights and surveys will
cost in the neighborhood of $1,200,000—
a very low figure, It is " declared.' The
first Issue asked for will probably be
for this amount ' and the , others as
needed. As it will take several years
to complete the work the commission
ers advocate Issuing the bonds for the
tunnels first and I then when they are
nearly complete those for the conduit.
Thus the whole work would be finished
at the same time and, the city saved
hundreds lof thousands of dollars In
terest. ... , '
For Greater Los - Angeles
The water department declares ' that
If Us scheme of ■ annexing all ; of the
towns :In , this section In Los Angeles
goes through no taxpayer ;, need, -, be
asked' for. a cent after the! water is
turned, on,' as the department will bo
able to pay the Interest and, . eventu
ally, the principal of the bonds and re
tire them. ' They assert ■ that they can
cut the rates in half and still, the new
system would pay for Itself In twenty
years. *
Since the mayor and , city attorney
made their trip of investigation all lof
j the money , paid out for options has
I been taken'trom' the -, water • revenue
fund, which Is at the disposal of the
| water, commissioners. ' \ Prior ! -to | that
| time Fred Eaton made | several \ pur
chases which were approved and taken
over by the board. '! For the past few
months the city^ attorney has passed
upon each transaction. The payment of
$150,000 from the revenue fund crippled
the department for 1 money .,' for .exten
sions, but i now; with the .' options all
bought ■ the '.■ commissioners ; expect ; to
have money for.other improvements.
The commissioners expect that the
first bond issue for the. purchase of the
rights will be made Inside, of two
months and assert that they can pay
for It out of the water revenue fund.
Says It Is Opportunity Which Comes
Once In a Million Yeara
It is to Superintendent of. the Water
Department William Mulholland that
the people of Los Angeles look as much
If not more than to anyone else for the
solution of this problem. Perhaps the
fact that through long experience, with
him they have come to believe that he
knows more about water than anybody
else has something to do with It. ,
All the citizens of Los Angeles know
\ • 30 Years in the Lead \ 1
Sewing Machines
(Bobbin) ( w. &O. System) ; (Shuttle)
M\ Sewing Machines Rented;Repairedi:
Liberal Allowaucc for Old Machines
lel s «« me I-Easy Terms I FisKe®Co.
1 O^dU. I Z^,Z.\ I '■•',- ' — -1 8»TW«»« Fourth
Going to the
If so you will surely need a pair of , ,
Mountain Boots . ;
Built for hard usage and far more;
comfortable to climb In than an
1 ordinary pair of shoes. • .
' Far Mmn and Woman
$7 a Pair;
how he managed to make a water sup-J
ply, which barely met the needs of a \
city of 100,000 population, expand In
pome mysterious , manner until • it .was
able to supply a city of twice that size.
He has been "rainbow chasmg 1 ;; air
over Southern California, looking for a;
source of , water , supply : for.' Los ■ An-j
geles, but never was satisfied until he<
examined the Owens river _ district. •He j
said yesterday: .
, "Some three; or four years ago' the^
water supply began to run short. '..We;
did everything we could, to Increase tha
supply, from . our, own watershep, *■, the ;.
San Fernando ' valley v We, began to;
pump ' and then the underground flow,'
began to decrease, . for every, drop; we ,
pumped ' came from this ' underground i
flow. Meantime) the valley became set- ■
tied. As ': the ' surface ! flow > grew? less %
the ranchers began pumping, until gas-"
oline engines were coughing and snort- \
Ing all over the valley. - '
Abandon Artesian Districts : ''A
"It. was then that I began. an lnves-^
tlgatlon of all available sources of sup-,;
ply ' on . this side of the _. Sierras. Each \
was considered upon Its" merit.;. Finally]
the supreme court of California decided;'
a case In' such> manner as, to warn';
us out of the so-called artesian district,
within ! twenty or thirty ' miles :of j Los t'
Angeles: v . The court ' hield t that \lt * was ij
not ' lawful • for : cities ■ to ■ Invade such ■
water .basins.
' "Then we had to look elsewhere and ,'
about this 'time '.my attention
called ito the Mojave • river.';/ Af ter }. a ;
thorough Investigation I found that the]
cost j of the purchase . of . the rightsand j
of the tunnel to bring the water to the j
city would ' be • about $3000 ' per ! miner's s
inch. I ' '•''. " '■'■' ;''.',.
~ "The', quantity of 'water .to ;be ■ had ■'
was : also | found to ' be limited ' and in '
addition there appeared to be the likeli
hood of litigation with a' company, then
engaged-, in constructing ' impounding _
works near the headwaters of the
stream. ■ ■ .
Fred Eaton's Idea
"Ex-Mayor Fred Eaton's •' data and
personal knowledge ; "of »■ the j valley j led
him . to , believe ■ that j the > water , might
be secured as a perpetual supply.for
the | city .of Los • Angeles '' and that thb
right to the water might be secured at
reasonable figures. '
'„' "After more Investigation, ' the pre
liminary surveys were : made to deter
mine the feasibility of a gravity canal
from : the valley to Los 'Angeles. The
route was found to be practicable and
one laid out : which l [ would - bring • the
water from that . valley ,< and • discharge
It Into the Los Angeles river drainage
basin and thence into the works be
longing, to .the city. •.; .. , . ■
: "Steps . were Immediately .' begun to
determine the cost of bringing a sup
ply sufficient for our. needs and of our
neighboring cities, direct to our doors.
j "Mr. Eaton had already obtained op-
tions that covered . the' riparian: rights
along a large portion' of the lower
reaches of the river, which he offered
to the commission on reasonable terms,
agreeing in addition to obtain options
on "all of the rights in the valley | be
tween Owens lake and Fish springs, a
distance of forty-six miles.
| "These rights have | about all ' been
obtained and It is now up to the people
of Los Angeles to -say whether the.
water supply, is to be purchased as
soon as the necessary legal steps. can.,
be taken by voting bonds. !
"After ',' the ' rights '" are ' purchased,
complete A surveys , can -be' made' and
other issues voted 1 for the construe
tton of the aqueduct.
' "This is, 1 In my opinion, the greatest
opportunity that ever came to Los An
geles, ' one which does not come to a
city once In a million i years." '.'

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