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HOW TO SUCCEED
FORMER KEEPER OF NEW YORK
ZOO VISITS COAST
HAS HAD MANY ADVENTURES
William Caldwell Explain* Method by
Which Success May Be At
tained In Handling Savage
William Caldwell, I one of th« fore
most animal trainers In the world, is
in ■ Los Angeles and has) decided to
make his permanent home In this city.
Few men have had the experience
credited to Caldwell in his thirty-three
years of existence. He has hunted wild
animals in the jungles of India and
Africa and has spent more than one
half of his life In studying and train
Beginning In 1594, he assumed the
management of the Imperial 200 of the
sultan of Johore, in the Malay Straits
settlement, holding this position three
years, during which time he was in
absolute charge of the royal menagerie.
\For two seasons he had charge of the
- Paris , hippodrome and performed, un-
I aided, one of the most delicate and
; successful operations ever attempted
v and which has never been tried since.
' An unruly elephant, which was a
most valuable animal because it was
one of the largest in captivity, became
angry one day during ' a performance
and wildly rushed against a wall. Turn
ing, Its head, the elephant struck the
wall , heavily with its tusk, driving
; the long ivory tooth into its head, al
most ' piercing the brain.
■ This 'caused the animal to become
deranged and three internationally
famous veterinarians. were called upon
to extract the tusk, but without suc
cess. Caldwell,' as manager, of the ani
mals, undertook the difficult task and
by boring 'holes in the tusk, through
which -wires were passed and fastened
I to a tree, he forced the elephant to pull
its tusk into position after being goad
ed , with steel pointed sticks by Cald
: .. Treating the tusk as if It were an
ulcerated tooth, Caldwell secured a
cure of, the injury and restored the
elephant to Its normal state of health.
For, this success Caldwell was brought
Into ; newspaper notoriety throughout
•'.■■ For two seasons Caldwell was con
nected with the Bostock animal shows,
and ' held the position I of boss animal
trainer, having entire charge of the
management of the ferocious beasts,
for, which this menagerie is famous.
|$j| Later he accepted the appointment of
head " animal keeper at the New York
: city I zoo, holding that position until
his 'resignation a few weeks ago, sev
ering his connection at that time be
: cause of disagreements . with the man
agement, afterwards being vindicated
; In i his position by investigations made
: by. New York newspapers.
'During his career among the ani
. rnals he has experienced many thrilling
escapes from death and has fought the
beasts at all stages of their careers,
; from ■ the jungle to the caged homes
in zoos and menageries.' In all
his^experiences he has emerged wlth
out disfiguration, and minor scratches
J are ; his. j greatest scars as mementos of
the fights. . \\
Tells of Early Life
|S "How did I come to enter the profes
sion of animal training? Well, I sup
pose I drifted into it naturally," Cald
well said musingly yesterday afternoon
I as he sat on the steps of Trainer Rice's
jl home at Eastlake park and looked over
at "Big Ben" in his cage.
::,£'"l-have had a love of animals ever
'since I can remember and' the twelve
years of my hunting and .training
career have only strengthened my re
gard for, the dumb brutes.
are not many qualifications
' required to make a success of the busi
ness. It takes an average amount of
pluck, I temperance and enthusiasm.
.Reinforced by these characteristics,
properly developed, any man should be
able to get to the top of the profes
.'Caldwell has the appearance of hav
| ing fully developed the qualifications ofi
which Ihe speaks. He 1b an English
man, 33 years old, rugged and sturdily
built, and In whose blue eyes there lies
kindness as well as strong determina
tion. He speaks with the full under
standing of his work, showing a wide
range of knowledge from that of trap
ping'and training of animals to their
.'.He is, all nerves, but there Is not a
; nerve in his whole body that Is not un
der his control. He can hold at arm's
. length a glass of water lllle'd above
the rim* without spilling a drop of its
contents. ; Caldwell smokes a great
'deal. He excuses his habit on the plea
i/that the animals do not mind it and
'it Is a good disinfectant.
j.' From the back of the elephant he
has enjoyed the regal sport of hunting
the ; man-eating tiger; he has led in
elephant . hunts, trapped most of the
different varieties of the cat tribe,
wandered for months through the jun
gles of India,* traveled through most of
the little known portions of the world,
Tibet ' excepted, and would gladly wel
come the opportunity to repeat his ex
"My keenest enjoyment Is In the cap
ture of wild animals," he says; "their
ftralnjax comes a. close »ecoud. There
FAMOUS TRAINER OF WILD ANIMALS SAYS:
"BE KIND BUT FIRM AND A VOID LIQUOR"
WILLIAM CALDWELL, A FAMOUS ANIMAL TRAINER, WHO WILL MAKE HIS HOME IN LOS ANGELEB
Is little opportunity now for the former
excepting where one has an abundance
of money and can take It up merely
as a pastime. There are too many pro
fessional animal hunters now to make
the business a profitable one.
""When a hunter starts Into the Jun
gles of India, taking •with him from
eighty to 100 coolies to act as beaters
and packers he has not the least Idea
whether he is to be gone two months
or two years, provided of course he
goes with the determination to bring
something back as a result of the trip.
"Take for . instance tiger hunting.
After the lair and the "drinking pool
have been found, the trap carefully pre
pared and other, details accomplished
there are seven chances out of ten that
all the work will be In vain. The tiger
has smelled a rat and has made off.
Granting that all goes well, it la often
a question of six weeks or more of
tedious waiting before the capture Is
made. The rest is easy. ' The tiger has
been fairly caught In the blind pit
which you have carefully constructed
near his drinking pool. He is entangled
in the nets which the hunter has
brought along for the purpose and with
out more ado he is hauled out by a doz
en of your coolies and placed on one of
the movable cages which you carry
Many Narrow Escapes
"Naturally, one has a good many
narrow escapes from death in my pro
fession. I really couldn't say which one
has been my nearest approach to drop
ping animal training for all time, but a
year ago at Paris I guess I came as
near to it as I ever have or expect to.
"It happened at the Paris hippo
drome last September. I was in charge
of Bostock's animals then and we ar
rived at our destination one night at
about 10 o'clock. I had three elephants
in ray charge. I was told that I would
find a place for them In the cellar, so
I drove them thither. Old Liz, an ele
phant which I believe is the largest
animal now on exhibition, had been
chained In the dark hole for several
months and was In an exceedingly
ugly frame of mind. I attended to the
animals I had brought with me and
then started in to lead "Liz" to the wa
tering through. I had heard that Lias
had the habit of trying to kill her keep
ers by, falling on them, so I was pre
pared for that, but she caught me in
another way. I had loosened the chains
on three of her legs and was at work on
the. fourth when she wheeled and
caught me under the arms with her
trunk. I was entirely helpless. A sec
ond later she had me In the air. I
knew her purpose was to kneel on me
and she would have been successful
but for the fact that because of her
close confinement her trunk was stiff
and In lifting my body she threw ma
against the wall of the cellar, letting
go her hold. I sustained two broken
ribs, but I had no complaint to inako.
"At another time I was In the arena
of the hippodrome In an elephant act.
The stunt was for me to Ua flat upon
the floor and have on« of the animals
lie down beside me, so that its body
was entirely over me. I never could
quite make out whether or not It was
Intentional or not, but when the time
came the elephant lumbered over, Its
three tons of bulk escaping my body
by a couple of inches. The audience
enjoyed the act but I didn't, The! old
fellow came entirely too close for com
fort that time.
, "There Is no such thing as getting
on the good Bide of an animal. Sooner
or r later } they ' will •; turn ■■ on : you, ■, and
th» tilepUunt, whoie reputation outbid*
LOS ANGELES HERALD: SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST to, 1905. •
the profession of animal training is of
the best, Is no exception to the rule.
Sooner or later he will 'go bad.' He
usually shows symptoms of his mad
ness before it actually occurs. His
eyes grow bloodshot. He will stand for
hours, his trunk in his mouth and while
he sucks he plans. He may try to strike
his keeper with his trunk, or else step
on him, but in a way which will seem
entirely accidental. An elephant is a
peculiarly sagacious and . cunning an
imal. 'Once bad, after' that always
good' is a fallacy. He may recover his
senses but if he does he can ba de
pended upon, to show this dementia at
some future time. ;-'a! determined man
with two good bull hooks can usually
manage the most V unruly _ of . the
beasts. .' .'.<.'.' , •■. . .■■''•.'■.. ,"
Kind arid Firm
"Kindness and firmness ar» . the
weapons with which the trainer holds
his power over his charges, but kind
ness must not be used when -It Is in
order to use firmness. ! Many trainers
make that mistake. A good elephant
Is an elephant that has had a sound
drubbing. Of course, I do not mean
that nothing but force should be used.
When this is the case, the animal starts
in planning revenge and at the first
opportunity he carries out his intention.
Bnough force must be used to cow the
animal and make him know that his
trainer is his master.
"Here Is a little argument which will
appeal to members of the W. C. T. IT.
A man must be temperate ln'hls habits.
Animals, and the elephant above all
others, can tell when his trainer has
been drinking. Immediately they lose
their fear of him and with their fear
goes respect. They seem to know that
the man is not himself and the habit
ually hard drinker ends up with being
a dead animal trainer. Many men lose
their courage and start in drinking
stimulants to make them brave. It is
all off with them then.
Watched by Big Ben
"Do you see the way Big Ben is
watching me?" Caldwell asked when
there came a lull in the conversation.
"Should that lion break from his cage
at . this moment I would probably be
the first person he would attack."
Caldwell was 150 feet away from the
big lion and there were many persons
near the ' cage, but a sudden motion
of Caldwell's body would cause the
lion to look menacingly in the direction
of the trainer.
"Animals are like people in a great
many respects," continued Caldwell.
"Sometimes they take an intuitive dis
like to a person and, ' Ben' has a decided
ly poor opinion of me. Three days ago
when I came to the zoo, I wore a pair
of dark spectacles. A cinder had
lodged in my right eye and I was not
a very good trainer for an animal to
look at. ' When I approached 'Ben'»'
cage he let me know his opinion of me
by a growl. I have not changed In his
regard." With this Caldwell walked
over to th» cage. "Ben" had Just been
fed and was crunching a big bone hun
gerlly, but he left off immediately, to
look up at the trainer. .
"What value would you place on the
animal?" Caldwell was asked. "I
should say that he Is worth from JI2OO
to 11500 to any zoo." he replied, and
perhaps 12000 to a showman, as he
could easily be taught to do a line of
stunts. 80 far as I know, h* Is one
of the finest in the United States, and
he is an animal that Is In . excellent
condition at the present time."
Beagsby— There's a little summer ro
mance dished, all right, I bet.
Rlgsby— Yes; she made believe she
was drowning, and the chump called , a
life guard . Instead -of pulling her out
NINETY FOOT PIT IS
CAUSE OF COMPLAINTS
COTTAGES IN DANGER OF FALL-
ING INTO ABYS3
Citizens and Property Owner* Assert
That Brick Company Is Encroach,
ing Upon Street and Lives Are Im.
periled by Immense Excavation
Citizens of that section of the city
near the brick yard of Berg & Oxby.
on " Alpine street, are much incensed
over the action of that company in ex
tending Its yards and pits. - i
In a statement to The Herald, a citi
zen living near the yard said yes
"The people living in the vicinity of.
the yard are being made sick by the
showers of dust and soot which are
thrown up by the blowers under the
kilns and the roar of these blowers
makes it next to Impossible to sleep at
"While this yard has been in opera
tion for years, it is only lately that ex
tensive work has been done. They are
extending the yard and working night
and day. Some of the pits are ninety
feet deep and are dug straight down
from the side of the street, with only
a rickety fence to guard pedestrians
and those in vehicles from falling into
"They are not only encroaching upon
You Pay the Landlord's Taxes
Who Pays Yours?
In the face of our liberal terms of purchase, rent is a thoughtless contribution to the
landlord. We have aided thousands to secure their own home on terms far easier
than rent itself.- $1 invested at Watts secures a lot and $1 a week pays for it. Watts i
is the most promising suburb on the market today, 15 minutes ride from 6th and Main, on
the Long Beach Electric line, where a lot means not only a home but an investment
3 Choicest Lots at Watts NowL— _
The Junction City— of the new Santa Ana line, on which a million dollars will be
spent, and where junction facilities and contemplated improvements must multiply the
value of all surrounding property.
Isl Down and $la WeeK d>OA an*| f-In No Interest— No Taxes |
Why Pay Rent? JpOV/ allU \jp Why Pay Rent? |
Consider the future of Watts. Compare the price of lots with others less promising.
Call at this office or at branch office, corner Sixth and Main, and we will cheerfully
furnish map and Free Tickets to Watts.
Golden State Realty Co.
42 1 South Spring and Branch Office Corner Sixth and Main— Both Phones Exchange 56
the street, but are endangering our
homes as well. In one place the slda
of the pit drops sheer for almost ninety
feet from the side of a cottage. There
surely must be some protection from
such people. • i-i'.'i ■'■'■>:
"The brick men evidently want to get
our property for about nothing. The
moat of us living near there own our
homes and have for years, and
now these brick men come along and
ruin them, v Not only are people being
made sick but they are in constant
danger. The houses; bordering on the
hole may cave into it at any time.
When wet weather comes it will not be
safe to go near the place."
SON RESENTS ATTACK '
t MADE UPON HIS FATHER
T. P. Fry, manager of • the Homer
Laughlin ranch, near Hollywood, sus
tained numerous painful bruises about
the body and face during an alterca
tion and fight in which he says he was
engaged In the office of P.H . Haack,
324 ' Byrne building, yesterday.
According to Fry's statement to the
police, he attempted to serve a copy of
a petition for an injunction against
Haack to restrain the latter from in
terfering with the water rights on the
ranch owned by Fry's brother.
Fry asserts Haack closed the door In
his face and he became incensed and
kicked Haack, whereupon the latter's
son, Henry Haack, struck him in the
THE QPALTTV STOBB OtX
New Arrivals (fflfcy
of Fall Styles \W?
I In Children's Clothes T^
&*\ We are pleased to announce the fl fl
J*vj£ arrival of many new and natty j\ R
/\cj\ ltem« In children's tulti and fur- <ger la>
/ nprjrt nlihlngi. Bach day teeB new
K/flrjl\ things opened up. Early buyers will get the
Vjfcj l3^] benefit of first selections, and prices are
f\LJp always honest.
i if if Som * Spcdal Reductions In Doyi' Wash
viij|/ SulU and Summer Htadwear
|SL (Mullen ® Bluett Clothing Co.)
FIRST AMD SPRING ■ ■ >J.
• ■ '. . ';j
The equipment of this establishment for manufac-
turing furniture to order is quite out of the ordinary.
The Los c/tngeles Furniture company is daily •
producing some of the most beautifully designed y/,,
and exquisitely finished furniture made anywhere. ,
t Every item of the work is carried .mßmg
out in the most painstaking way |||^|!|
by true craftsmen and nothing is I^|||
sacrificed to the modern-day de- p.?)^L
~__ _ sire for quick results. Jl^-swaßl
There are several examples of this special furni-
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patrons who desire exclusive and individual effects. (
.ExctasiYe limes of : Fanitare j
We carry a number of exclusive lines of furni-
ture in special finishes including Silvered Bird's
Eye cTWaple, Walnut Burl and Fumed Oak. '
This Store Will Be Closed at Noon Every
Saturday During August.
Most Perfectly Appointed Furniture Store in America
Los Angeles Furaitire Co. .