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Los Angeles herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, December 04, 1907, Image 14

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042462/1907-12-04/ed-1/seq-14/

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14
INHERITANCE
7 AX FA VORED
BY PRESIDENT
OTHER NATIONS, HE SAYS, GET
LARGE REVENUE
EXCESSIVE FORTUNES SHOULD
PAY, HE BELIEVES
Nearly One.Fifth of Whole Estate,
When It Is Large, Goes to Gov.
ernment In England, Hl*
Argument
i < oniliiu'd from !•«*« Five.)
preceding thirty years, had declined to
maku tho necessary provision for the
army.
"Unless ample provision is now made
by congress to put the medical corps
-where it should be put disaster in the
next war is Inevitable, and the responsi
bility w.il not Ho with those then In
t'hargu oC the war department, but with
those who now decline to make the nec
essary provision. A well organized -ae<i
lcal corps, thoroughly trained before the
advent of war in all the important ad
ministrative duties of a military sanitary
corps, is essential to the efficiency of any
large army, and especially of a large
volunteer army. Such knowledge of med
icine and surgery as is possessed by tho
medical profession generally will not
alone suffice to make an efficient military
surgeon. He must have In addition
knowledge of the administration and .san
itation of large field hospitals and camps,
Jn order to safeguard the health and
Uveß of rneu intrusted In great numbers
to his care. A bill has long been pend
ing before the congress for the reorgani
sation of the medical corps; its passage
i- urgently needed.
Need More Pay
"But the medical department is not the
only department for which Increased
provision should be made. The rate of
pay for the officers should be greatly in
creased; there is no higher type of cluzen
than tho American regular officer, and he
should havo a fair reward for his ad
mirable work. There shouid be a. rela
tively even greater Increase in the pay
for the unlisted men. In especial pro
vision Khould be made for establishing
grades equivalent to those of warrant
officers in the navy which should be open
to the enlisted men who serve sufficiently
long and who do their work well. In
ducements should be offered sufficient to
encourage really good men to make the
army a life occupation. The prime needs
of our present army is to secure and re
tain competent noncommissioned officers.
This difficulty rests fundamentally on the
question of pay.
"The noncommissioned officer does not
correspond with an unskilled laborer; ho
corresponds to the best type of skilled
workman or to the subordinate official
In civil Institutions. Wages have greatly
increased in outside occupations in the
last forty years and the pay of the sol
dier, like the pay of the officers, should
be proportionately increased. The first
sergeant of a company, if a good man,
must be one of such executive and ad
ißlnlstratlve ability and such knowledge
of his trade as to be worth far more
than we at present pay him. The same
Is (rue of the regimental sergeant major.
"These men should be men who had
fully resolved to make the army a life
occupation and they should be able to
look forward u> amplo reward; while
only men properly qualiti.-rl should be
Blven a chance to Becure ' these final re
wards. The increase over the present
pay need not be great in the lower grades
for the tirst one or two enlistments, but
tin Increase should be harked for the
noncorumissii.nod officers of the upper
grades who serve long enough to muke
It evident that they Intend to stay per
manently In the army, while additional
pay should be given for high qualifica
tions in target practice. The position of
warrunt officer should be established and
there should be not only an Increase of
pay but an increase of privileges and
allowances and dignity, so as to make
the grade open to noncommissioned of
ficers capable of filling them desirably
from every standpoint. The rate of de
sertion in our army now in time of peace
Is alarming. The deserter should we
treated by public opinion as a man
trull ty of the Krontf-st crime: while on
tho other hand the man who serves
KteaJily in the army should be treated
as what he is. that i.«. as pre-eminently
one of the best citizens of this republic.
After twelve v.-;>r-' service In the army
my own belief is that the man should
be given :i preference according to his
ability for certain typnn of office over
all elvilian applicants without examina
tion. This should also apply, of course,
to thu men who have served twelve
year* In th'- navy. A special corps
should be provided to do the manual
labor now necessarily demanded of tho
private.-, themselves.
"Among tliu officers there should be
Mvare examinations to weed out the
unfit up to the grade of major. From
that position on appointments should be
solely by selection and it should be un
daretood thHt ;i man of merely average
oapocltcy never get beyond the position
of major, while every man who serves
in any grade ;i certain length of time
l.rior ie promotion to the next n"ade
without getting the promotion to the next
yrii.lr should be forthwith retired. The
irn -in-- marches and 1 1 • • 1 » 1 maneuvers of
the last twn or three years have been
invaluable to the army. They thould
be continued and extended.
"A rigid and not a perfunctory ex
amination or physical capacity has been
providcl for the higher grade officers.
This will wnrli well. Unless an officer
hah v g'jod physique, unless lie can stand
Hhrdshlp. ride, well -"¦! walh fairly, he
is not tit for any position, even after
he baa become a colonel. Before ne has
become a colon"! Hit need for physical
fitness in tin: officer is almost as great
as in the enlist.,] man. 1 hope speedily
to see Introduced into the army a far
more rigid and thoroughgoing test or
horsemanship for all field officers than
at present There should be a chief of
cavalry juet as there Is a chief of ar
tillery. I
"Perhaps the moat important of all
legislation needed for the benefit of the
army is a law to equalize and Increase
the pay of officers and enlisted men of
the army, navy, marine corps and rev
enue cutter service. Such a bill has
been prepared, which it is hoped will
meet with your favorable consideration.
The next most essential measure Is to
authorize a number of extra officers as
mentioned above.
"To make the army more attractive
to enlisted men it is absolutely essential
to create a service corps, such as exists
in nearly every modern army in the
world, to do the skilled and unskilled
labor, inseparably connected with mili
tary administration, which is now ex
acted, without just compensation, of en
listed men who voluntarily entered tho
army to do service of an altogether dli
ferent kind. There are a number of
other laws necessary ti. .-o organize the
army as to promote its efficiency and
facilitate its rapid expansion in time of
war; but the above aro the most im
portant
THE NAVY
"It was hoped The Hague conference
might deal with the question of the llm-
LOS ANGETJES HEBALD: WEDNESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 4, 1907.
Itation * of . : armaments. - But : even 1 before
It i had assembled | informal I inquiries \ bad
developed i that fas * regards ' naval lat ma
men j the i only ones In i which ' this ' coun
try ' had any interest ..-" it . was ' hopeless to
try ;to ' devise ' any.; plan for . which ; ihero
was the slightest possibility of seeming
the . assent of • the • nations ' gathered ' at
The Hague. No plan was even proposed
which I would have had | the assent lof
more than one first class power outride.
of : the , United ; States. The only plan
that seemed at all feasible, that of limit-
Ing th« size of battleships, met with no
favor ' at • all. ¦
"It i.s evident, therefore, that it is folly
for this nation to base any hope of se
curing peace on any international agree
ment as to the limitation of armaments.
Such being the (act it would bo most
unwise for us to stop the upbuilding of
our navy. To build one battleship of
the best and most advanced type a year
would barely koon otir fleet up to its
present fore. This Is not enough. In
my Judgment, vie should this year pro
vide for four battleships.
. "Bat It Is idle to build battleships un
less in addition to providing the men
and the means for thorough training we
provide* the auxiliaries for them, unless
we provide .; docks, the ', coaling stations,
the: colliers and supply. ships that, they
need. " We are extremely deficient In
coaling • stations and ' docks on the Pa
cific, "and. this- deficiency should not long
er be permitted to exist- Plenty of tor
pedo boats ( and destroyers ¦ should • be
built. Both on the Atlantic and, Pacific
coasts : fortifications . of : the best type
should be provided for all our greatest
harbors. : . ' .
I <r We need' always ¦ to remember thai
in time of war t.h« navy li« not to t>«
used to defend harbors . and Bea-coast
cities; we should perfect out- system oi
coast fortifications The only .efflcienl
use for the navy Is. for offense. . Th«
only way •in ¦ which It can efficiently
protect our own coast against the pos
sible* action of a foreign navy . Is bj
destroying that foreign navy. For
defense against a 1 hostile fleet which
actually. attacks. them, the coast cities
must depend upon their forts, mines,
torpedoes, submarines ' and torpedo
boats and destroyers. All of these .to
gether are efficient for defensive pur
poses, but they in no way supply the
place of a ' thoroughly, efficient navy
capable of. acting on the offensive; for
parrying never yet won a fight. It car.
only bo won by hard hitting, and an
aggressive, sea-soing, navy alone can
do this hard hitting of the offensive
type. But the forts and the like. are
necessary so that the navy may !be
footloose. In time of war there is sure
to be demand, under pressure of fright,
for the ships to be scattered so as to
defend all kinds of ports. Under pen
alty or terrible disaster, this, demand
must be refused. The ships must be
kept together, and their objective made
the enemies' fleet. ; ; '_„'' -I, ,
"If fortifications are sufficiently
strong, no modern navy will venture
to attack them, so Ions: as the foe has
in existence a hostile navy of anything
like the same size or efficiency. | But
unless there exists such a navy then
the fortifications are powerless by
themselves to secure the victory. For
of course the mere deficiency moans
that any resolute enemy can at his leis
ure combine all his forces upon one
point with the certainty that he can
"Until our battle fleet is much larger
than at present It should never bo split
Into detachments so far apart that they
could not In event of .emergency be
speedily united. Our coast line is on
the Pacific just as. much as on the At
lantic The interests of California,
Oregon and Washington are as em
phatically the interests of the hole
Union as those of Maine and New York,
of Louisiana and Texas. The battle
fleet should now and then be moved to
the Pacific. just as at other time. it
should be kept in the Atlantic.
¦•When the Isthmian canal is built the
transit of the battle, fleet from one ocean
to the other will bo comparatively easy
Until oit is built I earnestly hope that
the battle fleet will be thus shifted be
tween the two oceans every year or two.
The marksmanship on all our ships has
improved phenomenally during the last
five years. Until within the last two or
three years it was not possible to train
a battle fleet in squadron maneuvers
under service conditions, and it is only
during these last two or three years
that, the: training under these conditions
has become really effective. Another
and most necessary stride in advance
is now being taken. The battle fleet is
about starting by the straits of Magel
lan to visit, the Pacific coast. Sixteen
battleships are going under the com
mand of Rear Admiral Evans, while
eight armored cruisers and two other
battleships will meet him at San Fran
cisco, whither certain torpedo destroyers
are also going. ¦
•No fleet of such size has ever made
such a voyage, anu it will be of very
great educational use to all engaged In
it. The only way by which to teach
officers and men how to handle the fleet
bo as to meet every possible strain and
emergency in time of war is to have
them practice under similar conditions in
lime of peace. Moreover, the only way
to find out our actual needs is to perform
In time of peace whatever maneuvers
might be necessary in time of war.
After war is declared it is too late to
find out the needs; that means to invite
dlsuster. This trip to the Pacific will
show what some of our needs are ana
will enable us to provide for them. The
proper place for an officer to learn bis
duty is at sea, and the only way In
which a navy can ever be made efficient
is by practice at sea, under all the con
ditions which would have to be met if
j war existed.
Plea for Navy
"I bespeak tho most liberal treatment
for the offioers and enlisted men of tho
navy. It is true of them, as likewise
of the officers and enlisted men of the
army, that they form a body whose In
terests should be ciose to tho heart of
every good American. In return the most
rigid performance of duty should be ex
acted from them. The reward ahouli
be ample when they do their best; and
nothing less than their best should be
tolerated. It is idle to hope for the best
results when the men in the senior grades
come to those grades late in life and
servo too shOTt a tlmo in them. Up to
the rank of lieutenant commander pro
motion in tho navy should be as now,
by seniority, subject, however, to such
rigid teßt3 as would eliminate tno unfit.
"After the grade of lieutenant com
mander, that Ib, when we come to the
grade of command rank, the unlit should
bi; eliminated in such manner that only
the conspicuously fit would remain, and
sea service should be a principal test of
fitness. Those who are passed by should,
after a certain length of service in their
respective grades, be retired. Of a given
number of men it may well be that al
most all would make good lieutenants
and most of them good lieutenant com
manders, while only a minority will bj
fit to be captains and tut three or four
to be admirals. „
"Those who object to promotion other
wise than by mere seniority should re
flect upon the elementary fact that no
business in private llfo could be success
fully managed If those who enter at the
lowest rungs of the ladder should each
in turn, If he lived, become the head ot
the llrm, its active director and retire
after he had held the position a few
months. On its face such a scheme Is
an absurdity. Chances for Improper fa
voritism can be minimized by a properly
formed board; such as the board of last
June, which did such conscientious and
excellent work iv elimination.
Make Beginning
"It all that ought to be done cannot
now be done, at least let a beginning be
in my last three annual messages,
and In a special message to the last con
gress, the necessity for legislation that
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will muse officers of the line of trie
navy to reach the grades oi captain and
rear admiral at leas advanced ages and
whioh will cause them to have more
sea training and experience In the highly
responsible duties of thoce grades, so
t,.at they may become thorougnly skillful
In handling battleships, divisions, squad
rons and fleets In action, has been fully
explained and urgently recommended.
"Boon this subject the secretary of the
navy hns submitted detailed and definite
recommendations wiileh have received
mv approval, and which. U enacted into
law, will accomplish what Is Immediate
ly necessary, and will, as compared with
existing law. make a saving of more
than live millions of dollars during the
next seven years. The navy personnel
act of 1899 has accomplished all that was
expected of it In providing satisfactory
periods of service in the several subor
dinate: grades, from the grade of ensign
to the grade of lieutenant commander,
but the law Is inadequate in the upper
grades and will continue to be inade
quate on account of the expansion of the
personnel since its enactment.
"As stated In my special message to
the last congress T am firmly of the
opinion that unless the present condition
of the higher commissioned personnel is
rectified by judicious legislntlon the fu
ture of our navy will bo pn.vely compro
mised It i« also urgently nocessary to
morose the efficiency of the medical
corps of tho navy. Special legislation to
this end has already been proposed; and
I trust it may be enacted without delay.
"It must be remembered that every
thing done in the navy to tit It to do
well in time of war must be done in time
of peace. Modern wars are short; thej
do not luat the le.nKth of time requlslu
to build o. battleship; and It takes longer
to train the officers and men to do we..
Ml a battleship than it. takes to build It
Nothing effective can bo done for the
navy once war has begun, and the. result
of the war if the combatants are other
wise equally matched, will depend upon
which power has prepared best In time
of i-eace. The United States navy is the
best guaranty the nation has that its
honor and Interest will not be neglected:
and in udditlon it offers by far the best
insurance for peace that can by human
ingenuity be devised.
FOREIGN AFFAIRS
"In foreign affairs this country's steady
policy is to behave toward other na
tions as a strong and t;e.lf-respectlng man
shculd behave toward the other men with
whom he Is brought into contact. In
other words, our aim is disinterestedly
to help other nations where such help
can be wisely given without the appear
ance of meddling with what does pot con
cern us; to be careful to act as a good
neighbor; and at the same time, in good
natured fashion, to make It evident that
we do not intend to be imposed upon.
THE HAGUE
"The Second International Peace con
ference was convened at The Hague on
the loth day of June last and remained
In ses&lon until the tiith of October. For
the flrst time the representatives of
practically all the civiilied countries of
the world united ip a temperate and
kindly discussion of the methods hv
which the causes of var might bo nar
rowed and Its Injurious effects reduced.
"Although I the agreement* reached in
the conference did not In any direction
go to the length hoped lor by. the more
sanguine, yet In uany directions import
ant: steps were taken, and upon every
subject on the program .. there . was such
full and considerate discussion' as to
justify the belief | that substantial prog
rets has been made toward further agree
ments In the future. Thirteen conventions
were agreed upon embodying the definite
conclusions which had been reached, and
resolutions i were . adopted ¦ marking the
progress made Sln matters 9 upon which
agreement was j not yet ] sufficiently com
plete to make conventions practicable. |
"The delegates of the \ United States
were . instructed ¦to ¦ favor an . agreement
for obligatory arbitration, , the establish
ment of a permanent court of arbitration
to proceed Judicially in . the ¦ hearing and
decision ' of international causes, the pro
hibition of force ' for the collection of
contract debts.- alleged to! bo duo from
governments ¦ to citizens [of other coun
tries until after arbitration ¦¦ as „to the
justice and amount of : the. debt and the
time ¦ and manner ,of payment, the . im
munity .of private • property ,at , : sea, . the
better definition of the rights of neutrals,
and, in case 1 any t measure ; to that; ond
should 'be . introduced, ¦ the llmltatior of
armaments. .v. v •¦* . '. :. v .. • •- •• •
"In the Meld of peaceful disposal of in
ternational difference* several important
advances were made. First, as to ob
ligatory arbitration. Although the con
ference failed to recure a unalraous agree
ment upon thu details of a corventlon for
obligatory arbitration, It did resolve as
follows:
" 'It Is unanimous: (1) In accepting the
principle for obligatory arbitration; (2)
In declaring thai certain differences, and
notably those relating to the Interpreta
tion and sppllcntlon of International con
ventional stipulations, are susceptible of
being submitted to obligatory arbitration
without any restriction.'
"In view of thu fact that as a re«ult
of the discussion the vote upon the def
inite treaty of obligatory arbitration,
which was proposed, stood 33 in favor to
ft against the adoption of tho treaty,
there enn be but little doubt that he
great majority of the countries of the
world have reached a point where they
are now ready to apply practically the
principles thus unanimourly agreed upon
by the conference.
"The second advance, and a very great
one, Is the agreement which relates to the
use of force for the collection of con
tract debts.
"A third advance has been made in
amending and perfecting the convention
of 1899 for tlie voluntary settlement of
International disputes, and particularly
the extension of those parts of that con
vention which relate to commistions of
inquiry. The existence of thope provisions
enabled the government of Great Britain
and ItuSßla to avoid war. notwithstand
ing great public excitement, at the time
of the Dogger bank Incident, and the
new convention agreed upon by the con
ference gives practical effect to the ex
perience gafped In that Inquiry.
Progress Made
"Substantial progress was also made
towurd the creation of a permanent Ju
dicial tribunal for the determination of
International causes. There was very full
discussion of the propoeal for such a
court and a general agreement was fin
ally reached In favor of its creation. The
conference recommended to tho signatory
powers thu adoption of a draft upon
which it agreed for the organization of
the court, leaving to be determined only
the method by which the Judges should
be fe.leeted. This remaining unsettled
question Is plainly one which time and
good temper will solve.
"A further agreement of the first im
portance was that for the creation of an
international prl«e court. The constitu
tion, organization and procedure of such
a tribunal were provided for in detail.
"Numerous provisions were adopted for
reducing the evil effects~of war and for
fit -lining the rights and duties of neutrals.
"The conference also provided for the
holding of a third conference within a
period similar to that which elapted be
tween the first and second conferences.
"The delegates of the United States
worthily represented the splrtt of the
American people and maintained with 11
dellty and ability tho policy of our gov
ernment upon all the great questions dis
cussed In tho conference.
"The report of the delegation, together
with authenticated copies of the conven
tions eigned, when received, will be laid
before the senate for its consideration.
"When we remember how difficult it is
for one of our own legislative bodies,
composed of citizens of the same country,
speaking the same language, .Ivtng under
the same laws, and having the came cus
toms, to reach an agreement, or even to
secure a majority upon any difficult and
important subject which is proposed for
legislation, It becomes plain that the
representavies of forty-tlve different
countries, speaking many different lan
guages, accustomed to different methods
of procedure, with widely diverse Inter
ests, who discussed so many different sub
jects and reached agreements upon »o
many, aro entitled to grateful apprecia
tion for the wisdom, patience and mod
eration with which they havo discharged
their duty.
"The example of this temperate dis
cussion, and the agreements and the ef
forts to agree, among representatives of
all the nations of the earth, acting with
universal recognition of the supreme ob
ligation to promote peace, cannot fall to
be- ft powerful influence for good In future
international relations.
CUBA
"A year ago in consequence of a revo
lutionary movement in Cuba which
threatened the immediate return to chaos
of the inland, tho United Stater. Inter
vened, tending down an army and estab
lishing a provisional government under
Governor Magoon. Absolute quiet and
prosperity have returned to the island be
cause of this action. We are. now taking
stops to provide for elections in the
island and our expectation is within the
coming year to be able to turu the lUund
over again to a government chosen by the
people thereof. Cuba is at our doors; It
Is not possible that this nation should
permit Cuba again to sink Into the con
dition from which we rescued It. All that
we ask of the Cuban people is that they
be prosperous, that they govern them
selves so as to bring content, order and
progress to their Island, the Queen of
the Antilles; and our only interference
hap been and will be to help them
achieve these results.
IAPANESE EXPOSITION
"An invitation has been extended by
Japan to the government and people of
the United Stati to participate in n
great national exposition to be held at
Tokio from April 1 to October ::i, 1912.
and in which the principal countries of
the world are to be Invited to take part.
This is an occasion of special interest
to all the nations of the world, and pe
culiarly co to us; for It is tho lirst in
stance in which such a great rational
exposition hat been beld by a great pow
er dwelling on the Pacific; und all the
nations of Europe and America will, I
tnibt. Join in helping to success this first
great exposition ever held by a great
nation of Asia. The geographical rela
tion!? of Japan and the United States an
the possessors of such large portions of
the coasts of the Pacific, the intimate
trade relations already existing between
the two countries, the warm friendship
which has been maintained between them
without break since the opening of Japan
to Intercourse with the western nations,
and her Increasing wealth and produc
tion, which we regard with hearty good
will and wish to- make the occasion of
mutually beneficial commerce, all unite
in making it eminently desirable that
this Invitation should be accepted. 1
heartily recommend such legislation as
will provide In generous fashion for the
representation of this government and
Its people In the proposed exposition.
"Action should be taken now. We are
apt to underestimate tho time necessary
for preparation in such cases. The In
vitation of the French exposition of 1900
was brought to the attention of the con
gress by President Cleveland In De
cember, 1895, and so many am thu de
lays necessary to such proceedings that
the period of four years and a half which
then intervened before the exposition
proved none too long for the proper
preparation of tho exhibits.
GERMAN TARIFF
"The adoption of a new tariff by Ger
many, accompanied by conventions for
reciprocal tariff concessions between that
country and most of the other countries
of continental Europe, led the OerSUW
government to givo the notice necessary
to terminate the reclproeal oommerobil
agreement with this country proclaimed
July 13, 1900. Tho notico wan to tako
effect on the Ist of March. 1906, and In
default of :;ome other arrangements t.hlH
would have left the exports " from tho
United States to Germany BUbJ&ct to tho
general German tariff duties, from ft
to 50 par cent higher than the conven
tional duties lmposou upon tho goods of
most of our competitors for German
trade.
"Under a speclaJ agreement made be
tween the two governments In February,
lflOG, the German government postponed
the operation of their notice until the
30th of June, 1907. In the meantime,
deeming It to be my duty to make every
possible effort to prevent a tariff war
between the Unjted States a,nd Germany
arising from misunderstanding by either
country of the cond.tions existing in the
other, and acting upon the invitation of
the German government, I sent to BSr-
Un a commission composed of competent
experts In the operation and ndminls
trailon of the customs tariff, from tho
departments of the treasury and com
merce and labor. This commission was
engaged for several months In conference
with a similar commission appointed by
tho German government, under Instruc
tions, so fa. as practicable, to reach a
common understanding as to all the facts
regarding the tariffs of the United
States and Germany material and rel
evant to tho trade relations between the
two countries.
"The commission reported, and upon
the basis of the report, a further tem
porary commercial agreement was en
tered into by tho two countries, pursu
ant to which, in tho exercise of tho au
thority conferred upon the president by
tho third section of tho tariff act of
July, ISB7. 1 extended the reduced tariff
rates provided for In that section to
champagne and all other sparkling wines
and pursuant to which the Gorman con
ventional or minimum tariff rates wero
extended to about sfi'i- per cent of all
the exports from the United States to
Germany. This agreement is to remain
In force until the 30tn of Jiroe, 1908, and
until six months after notice by either
party to terminate lU~
CHINA
"I ask for authority to reform the
agreement with China under which the
and canceling the obligation of China
and cancelling the obligation of China
for the payment of all that part of the
stipulated indemnity whicn ie in excess
of the sum of $11,665,492.63 and interest at
4 per cent. After the rescue of tho for
eign legations in Peking during the Box
er troubles In 1900 the powers required
from China the payment of equitable in
demnities to thevseveral nations, and the
final protocol under which the troops
wero withdrawn, signed at Peking, Sep
tember 7. 1901, fixed the amount of this
Indemnity allotted to the United States
at over $20,000,1>-v, and China paid, up to
and Including the Ist day of June, last,
a little over $6,000,000.
"It was tba first intention of thie gov
ernment at the proper time, whpn all
claims had been presented and all ex
penses ascertained as fully as possible,
to revise the. estimates and account, and
as a proof of sincere friendship for China
voluntarily to release that country from
its legal liability for all payments in ex
cess of the sum which should prove to
be necessary for actual indemnity to the
United States and its citizens.
CHINESE STUDENTS
"This nation Fhould help in every prac
ticable way in tho education of tho Chi
nese people, so that the vast and popu
lous empire of China may gradually
ndapt itself to modern conditions. One.
way of doing this is by promoting the
coming of Chlnesu students to this
country and -naklng it attractive to thorn
to take courses at our universities and
higher educational institutions. Our
educators should, so far BJ possible, take
concerted action toward thi:, end,
CENTRAL AMERICA
"On the courteous invitation of the
president of Mrxlro tho secretary of state
visited that country in September and
October and was ic civic) every whero
with the greatest kindliest! and hospi
tality.
"He carried from the government of
the United Status to our southern neigh
bor a. . message of respect and good wm
and of desire for better acquaintance and
increasing friendship. The response from
the government and the people of Mex
ico whs hearty and sincere. No pains
were spared to manifest the most friend
ly atlltudu and feeling toward trie United
.States. ¦ ' ,-! ¦ .*- ;.• , ','. ¦ ¦ "~ ¦ V V ¦'
"In view of the close neighborhood of
the i\v'> coimtrlcs the relations which
vxlst between Mexico and the United
St;it. ,ir<: Just cauce. for stratification.
Wa have a common boundary of over
1500 miles from the Gulf of Mexico to
ihfc i'liolflc- Much of \(. 1b marked only
by th>; shifting waters Of the Rio Grando.
Many thousands of Mexicans are rosld
lng upon our side of the line and It Is
estimated that over 10,000 Americans ara
resident In Mexican territory and that
American Investments In Mexico amount
to over 1700,000,000.
"Tho extraordinary Industrial and com
mercial prosperity of Mexico hua been
greatly promoted by American enter
prise and Americans are sharing largely
In Its results. . The foreign trade of the
republic already exceeds $240,000,000 per
annum, and of this two-thirds both of
exports and Imports aro exchanged with
the United t'tates. Under these circum
stances numerous questions necessarily
arise between tho two countries. These
questions are always approached and dis
posed of in a spirit of mutual courtesy
and fair dealing. Americans carrying on
business in Mexico testify uniformly to
the kindness and consideration with
which they are treated and their sense
of the security of their property and en
terprises ur.der the wise administration
of the great statesman who has so long
held the office of chief magistrate of
that republic.
; "The two governments have : been unit
ing ' their ¦ efforts' for a -. considerable time
pant -to aid Central America in attaining
the degree of peace and order which have
madn '; possible \ the •'.: prosperity of ¦:•¦•; the
northern \ parts of „ the „ continent. After
the .; peace " : between" Guatemala, . Hondu
ras i and . Salvador,', ; celebrated i wider;; the
circumstances ( described •In . my last i moo-"
sage. a L new war broke , out -' between", the
republics " ! ; of ) Nicaragua, Honduras f and
Salvador. The effort to compose this
new difficulty has resulted hi the accep
tance of the Joint suggestion of the
presidents ct Mexico and of the United
States for a general peace conference
between all the countries of Central
America.
"On the 17th day of September last a
protocol was signed between tin; repre
sentatlves of tlie five Central American
countries accredited to this government
agreeing upon v conference to be held
in the city of Washington "In order to
dcvlsu tho moans of preserving tho gorui
relations ~mong said republics and
bringing about permanent peace la those
countries." Tho protocol includes the
expression of a wish that the presidents
of the United States and Mexico should
appoint 'Topreeentatives to lend then-
Rood and Impartial Qfßcea in n purel.i
friendly way toward the realization of
the objects of the conference." The con
ference is now in session and will ha\.
our best wishes and, wlier.j it is prac
ticable, our friendly assistance.
AMERICAN REPUBLICS
• "One of the results of yie Pan American
conference- at Rio Janeiro In the sum
mer of 1906 has been' a. "groat Increase' In
the activity and usefulness of the Inter
national :' bureau of American republics.
That Institution, which includes all 1 the
American republics' -In ' Its 'membership
and I brings all j their '. representatives to.
gether, is ujing a reahy valuable . work
in Informing the people ;of ¦: the United
States about the other republics and In
making the United States known to them.
Its action 'is now limited by appropria
tions determined .' when', it , was I doing it
work on a much (mailer seal« nnd ren
dering . much . less -valuable service. • l
recommend, that- tin: contribution of this
government to the expenses of the bureau
be made commensurate With its Increased
work. ¦ THEODORE ROOSEVELT.."
• The White House, Docembe; 1 3, 1907. .
Bartlett Music Co. at It Afrain
During our great MONBY BACK 18 It!
we are giving? a receipt for twice tlifl
amount paid up to tin on any new
piano. All popular sheet muslo \oc
All classic 2-3 off.
BARTLETT MUSIC CO..
231-233-235 fl. Broadway, opp. city hn:i
Bryan's Regiment to Be Paid
By Associated Preen.
LINCOLN, Neb., Dec. 3.— Governor Sh'-I
ton today authorized an appeal from Hi ¦
Jecision of the auditor of the war depart
ment in the allowance of claims for'tli>
officers of the Third Nebraska. William J.
Aryan's regiment. -The auditor , allow !
the officers *52SfS," lint it. has been r<pn-
Rented that large allowance: should hi»\
been mado. '¦. . '••'- - !>-. -- • ' ¦
iIGK HEADAGHS-.
— '¦ ,, — I Positively cured by
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\jS\ i\ I L l\ o Th "y oJso rellpTo r "
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fiV/rD KaCBRi A perfect fin-
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S3 DILLS Drowslne^. Pa* Tn^
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|fHmKn>if»nl Upmi> LrVEIC Thej
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JMALLPILL '- SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICE,
fnADTCD'cIf nADTCD'cl Genuine Must Bear
LAKItKd pac.simtle Signature
EUAH I Uto Fac-Simtle Signature
'JbhL-J refuse substitutes.
A Reliable :CATARRf3
Remedy jg* ¦ " |BL|?
Ely's Cream Balm K^mSu^::
I. quickly absorbed. BF-<^o£ 0 '? a? o '.? 3
Give. Reliel at Once. WJ^ C^oB
It cleanses, soothes, Ejl 11 ™ o**0 ** l/ifjk
heals and protcota tfifr' *S^"^2-4
the diseased menu I (a£si '
brane resulting from I [m* 1 t^S-m?J I
Catarrh and ¦ drives ¦ W^A^,^SKk , I
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gists or by mail. -la liquid form, 75 cents.- ;i i
I Ely Brothers, 66 Warren Street, New York. I

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