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Los Angeles herald. [microfilm reel] (Los Angeles [Calif.]) 1900-1911, December 08, 1907, Image 12

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042462/1907-12-08/ed-1/seq-12/

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Los Angeles Herald
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Dally, by mull or carrier, thru month*.... I.JO
Dally, by mall or carrier, six months !.¦
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Bumay Herald, one year J- 60
] W«»kiy Hernia, one year *-«°
? OAKLAND— Lob I Angel** and I Southern Call*
.-lamia visitors to San ' VTanclaco and Oakland
fl ¦rill find Tho Herald on sale at the new» etanda
ln ¦ the i San Fracclwso terry building and on
A the ! ttrteU ; In ¦ Oakland by Wheatley and by
Abw Newi, Co. ¦ -•'¦¦¦ ¦ ¦¦ ¦• '- -¦ _____
Population of Los Angeles 300,000
IT IS predicted In many quftrters in
Illinois that the direct primary has
received its death blow in that state
as the immediate result of the inter
ference In legislative matters exercised
by Speaker Cannon, who made a hur
ried trip to Springfield, the state capi
tal, to warn his faithful henchmen that
the enactment of the proposed law
would ruin his chances for re-election
to the house of representatives. Gov
ernor Deneen ; although pledged to sup
port the measure, fell down at the
critical moment, and while not partici
pating vigorously in the Cannon cam
paign against the reform measure,
quietly let it be known that he had
found it inexpedient to oppose the dom
inant factor in state politics.
Those who are taking a pessimistic
view of the future of the direct primary
in the Prairie state should take cour
age. Before the late bill went to its
death at the hands of Mr. Cannon there
was evidence on all sides that the
people would support their representa
tives In their efforts to make the bill
law. And where the people are with a
legislator or any other public official
holding office as the result of popular
vote such official should fear no other
foe, though so powerful a one as the
speaker of the national house of rep
Autocratic Cannon has scored first
blood in the Illinois fight, but that
means little. When any such move
ment has made such progress in the
hearts of the people as the direct pri
mary law has made among the people of
Illinois, such a setback as this meas
ure has received can be but temporary.
The maneuvering of political gamesters
may impede, but it cannot prevent the
lnal consummation of the wishes of
the people. The people can rule in Illi
nois, if they desire to, just as they can
In California, if they desire to. The
direct primary, the initiative, the refer
endum and the recall, all have been
stigmatized as "freak" measures by
the newspapers known to be affiliated
with the enemieß of really popular gov
ernment; every possible attempt has
been made to render them unpopular
by heaping upon these political inno
vations and their promoters opprobrium
and malediction, but the people, en
lightened by the honest portion of the
press and the arguments made by close
students of these modern measures
looking toward the restoration of pop
ular government, are no longer to ba
fooled by the demagogy of selfish polit
ical leaders, of crude "bosses," or of
those newspapers which are always
found ready to lend themselves to
undertakings Intended to deprive the
people of the most sacred of all heri
tages In America, as distinguishing
this country from most others— the right
to say not only who shall be elected to
offices of public trust, but also who
shall be nominated for such offices.
William M. Tweed, until the advent
of the Herrins and the Harrimans of
today regarded as the most astute and
most corrupt political boss in American
history, once said: "The people may
elect any candidate they choose, so
long as they let me select the candi
dates." Speaker Cannon has made it
plain to the people of Illinois that he
does not care whom they elect, so long
as he is permitted to control the con
vention which nominates his successor.
If the Illinois pessimists will watch
events in California during the next
year they will have laid before them
an object lesson which will take the
curse off the Cannon flat.
Official : figures ; prove that \ the . year
ended ' November 1 1 was the most pros
porous the city of Los Angeles. The
combined wealth of , the * inhabitants 'of
the city , is over $338,000,000, an increase
of nearly $66,000,000 over last year. \ Los
Angeles is big enough and rich enough
to have a police ' alarm system. Let's
have lit . without a day's unnecessary
delay.. - „.'V.'.':'vH:'\"." - , ',. .?' ' x '\
DRIVEN Iftto a corner, overwhelmed
by a rush of popular wrath, its
back to the wall, fighting for its
life, desperately battling to stem the
tide which threatens to wash it over
the precipice into oblivion, the tongue
of Standard Oil is loosed at last— lts
policy of maintaining a masterly silence
has given way to one of excesslv*
In the Saturday Evening Post John
D. Archbold, vice president and, accord-
Ing to that weekly's advertisements,
"acting head" of the Standard Oil com
pany, under the caption, "The Standard
Oil Company: Some Facts and Fig
ures," enters Into an elaborate defense
of the. methods employed by that giant
monopoly. As a tactical stroke Stand
ard Oil has committed, in publishing
this article, the most egregious blunder
of which It has ever been author, in our
opinion. The foundations for this opin
ion are two: First, many of the so
called "facts" are not facts; second,
many of the most important facts in
the history of the Standard Oil com
pany, now known to all intelligent peo
ple, are utterly Ignored by the writer
of this alleged narrative.
There is nothing about the "make-up"
of the pages on which this article
appears, or about its position in the
paper publishing it, which Indicates
that it is a paid advertisement; and
this fact, taken in connection with the
generous advertising which the article
has received in the dally press of the
country, would appear as evidence that
the editors and publishers of the paper
have doesptei it for pnhHnatlon as they
accept other contributions. But be this
as It may the article has appeared, with
every evidence that It has the editorial
sanction of the management of the Post
as a contribution that would appeal
Immediately and intensely to the read
ing public.
Here are a few of the statements
made by Mr. Archbold:
1. "Nearly every great oil producing
territory of the United States has owed
its rapid development, and the pro
ducers have owed their assured and
profitable market, to the prompt energy
and enterprise of the company in pro
viding pipe lines and storage facilities."
2. "Under the policy of owning its
own cargo vessels for transporting cans
and cases to the oriental markets, the
cost of transportation has been reduced
during the last seven years nearly one
half, or, say, from the range of 37 to 45
cents per case in 1900 to a cost of about
2 cents today."
3. "Every separate step connecting
the crude oil in the ground with the
refined in the lamp of the consumer Is
economized in every detail— namely:
production, transportation by land and
water," etc.
4. "There is and always has been
competition and the opportunity of
competition in each of these branches
of business, and they have at all times
been open to the capital of tho world."
5. "The company is persistently ac
cused of seeking to evade the laws,
when it Is actually studying how to
conform to them, amid a medley of con
flicting interpretations."
6. 'federal action need not take away
from these states their right to taxation
or police regulation, but would make
it possible for business organizations
to know the general terms on which
they could conduct their business in
the country at large."
7. "For many years the company had
no direct interest in production, and
today it only owns or controls a mod
erate fraction thereof. It has, however,
been a prominent purchaser, custodian
and carrier for the various producing
territories, and its relations to the pro
ducers have naturally constituted one
of its most complex and embarrassing
8. "The pendulum of adjustment has
swung to and fro. and eventually to
the advantage of the producer. What
ever its critics and enemies may allege,
the company has tried in the past, is
trying now, and will continue to try to
be fair and liberal in its relations to
the producers."
9. "Those whose lives have been spent
in the industrial arena have learned the
impressive lesson that commerce is a
10. Standard Oil "cannot in its ram
ified operations always find it possible
to follow the mild pathways suggested
by others for its guidance."
1. "Increase of aggregate consump
tion being the objective point, the pol
icy of the company is of pro rata benefit
to all its competitors, and should de
serve encouragement and not censure."
12. "Since the passage of that act
(the interstate commerce law) the com
pany has not received railroad rebates
on its interstate oil shipments."
IS. "The Standard Oil company is
neither a mystery nor a monopoly, and
it seeks neither to rule nor to ruin."
14. "It never could have developed
and sustained to date if its many event
ful years of contact with the consum
ing and commerelal communities of the
world had not bean characterized by
the highest standard of commercial
honor— if good faith at home and abroad
had not been its corner stone, and if it
had not conducted its world-wide com
merce In conformity to the many lawa
of many lands."
The Archbold article, which takes
rank as one of the most notable contri
butions to the industrial literature of
the day In America, is disingenuous to
a remarkable degree. With the actual
facts sot forth are arrayed, side by
side, in the same paragraph, frequently
In the same sentence, misstatements
apparent to the dullest and least Intel
ligent man who has exhibited any inter
est whatever in the operations of Stand
ard Oil. In the fa-e of the facts proven
in courts of law and set forth by writ
ers who have spent much time in inves
tigating the operations of this com
pany, Miss Tarbell in particular, it Is
astounding that the acting head of this
giant monopoly should have permitted
his name to be appended to any such
statements as those which we have
lifted from his specious plea. In the
It is not practicable In the course of
a necessarily brief review of this bold
aggregation of assertions to dissect,
analyze and attempt to controvert any
but a few of the most Important of the
"half truths" expounded by Mr. Arch
bold. Most of these will be readily dis
cerned by the average reader of Intelli
gence, especially If he has lived long in
this oil producing region of Southern
California. But there are a few of
these statements to which it will be
better, perhaps, to direct attention
while the story Is fresh.
In the first of the paragraphs quoted
by The Herald Mr. Archbold declares
that "producers have owed their assured
and profitable market to the prompt
energy and enterprise of the company
In providing pipe lines and storage
facilities." He does not relate how
many pipe lines >ullt by independent
producers and shippers It has secured
by devious methods, nor how muoh
more profitable the market might have
become to local producers If Standard
had not employed every possible expe
dient to force them from direct contact
with the markets.
He does not say. In the second para
graph, that the reduction in transporta
tion charges actually paid has been
brought about not only through Stand
ard's ownership of cargo vessels, but
through the millions upon millions of
dollars of secret railroad rebates It-has
forced transportation companies to
extend to it, while either compelling
competitors to pay the advertised rate
or, after having secured special rates,
driving them from the field from which
such rate applied. This comment may
be applied, in a general way, to the
third and fourth paragraphs quoted.
As to the statement in the fifth para
graph, it is too utterly false to require
anything more than reprinting. It is
notorious, and abundantly proven, that
the oil trust has studied long and effec
tively not how to conform to the laws,
but how best to evade them.
Paragraph six is a contemptible plea
of ignorance. It is unbelievable that
so magnificently an organized legal
department as that maintained by the
Standard should not understand the
general terms (legal terms) on which
it may conduct its business in the
country at large or in any particular
state thereof.
"The company has been a prominent
purchaser, custodian and carrier for
the various producing territories." It
has, and still is. But how did it become
so? How did it "purchase" the once
independent oil producing companies
and individuals? As a rule, and this Is
susceptible of complete proof, by first
making it imposlble for these competi
tors to transact business in the terri
tory they had started to develop, largely
becatise of the fact that for transport-
Ing its product Standard criminally
secured rates so far below those of its
competitors that the latter were com
pelled either to sell out at the Stand
ard's figure or be ruined.
The eighth paragraph must be pecu
liarly exasperating to an intelligent
observer. The assertion that the com
pany tries to be "fair and liberal" In
Its relations to the producers is so
remote from the truth, as every pro
ducer in California knows, many of
them to their great cost, that it requires
no discussion. Neither do the obvi
ously false assertions contained in the
three succeeding paragraphs.
The climax in this ridiculous attempt
to deceit* the public is found in the
twelfth and thirteenth paragraphs.
After years of unremitting efforts on
the part of Standard Oil to keep from
the people the truth regarding its oper
ations, Mr. Archbold now comes for
ward with the assertion that this con
cern "is neither a mystery nor a mo
nopoly." After having been convicted
and flnsd nearly $30,000,000 for having
been a party to the giving of rebates,
upon the testimony of officials of tho
railroad which gave such rebates, the
Standard is to be commiserated upon
having as its "acting head" a man who
possesses the contumacy and temerity
to declare that since the passage of thu
interstate commerce law "the company
has not received railroad rebates on its
interstate oil shipments."
The Archbold style of argument is
not convincing. The statements he has
dared to make are not even superficially
fair. The writer has laid himself and
the company of which he Is the acting
head liable to the Jibes and sneers of
millions of enlightened men for having
deliberately set about, through the me
dium of a publication of great circula
tion, to deceive them.
"The Standard Oil Company: Some
Facts and Figures" will go home to
University of Chicago, which has
been the breeding place of some of
the most peculiar cult-foundations born
upon Amerioan soil, takes woman to
task for permitting herself to regard
her husband as her lord and master.
"Under the pressure of natural selec
tion," he declares, "man made a tardy
alliance with woman and the home In
primitive times. He has used woman
as a plaything, as a lay figure on which
to hang his wealth; has bought her
cheap and bought her dear, but he has
really never associated with her." The
sort of wives men liked, he added, were
of the "house dog" type of domestic
animals, "docile, affectionate, friendly,
unquestioning," and asserted that
"many of the women best equipped for
motherhood are leaving It In their pur
suit of fashion to the lower and the
defective classes."
Prof. Thomas, we opine, is either a
confirmed bachelor, knowing little of
the actual relations existing between
man and wife, or he has been exceed
ingly unfortunate in the selection of a
helpmate who Is "docile" and "unques
tioning." His criticism of wifely vir
tues might have been appropriate in
the days when, as the Good Book sug
gests, women should be seen, not heard,
or words somewhat to that effect; It
might have been pat in the later days
when Prlscllla always deferred to John's
wishes In culinary matters; It might
have passed as just in the days of our
mothers; but few who have kept a
weather eye upon the progress of wo
mankind, especially in America, during
the last generation will agree with him
In hli ill-considered conclusions that
the modern -wife Is too pliant, that she
is too docile, that she Is her husband's
plaything,, that she has been bought
oheap and bought dear, and that she
has never been regarded as a fit asso
ciate. His assault would be an Insult
to modern woman were it not for the
fact that between the lines one may
easily discern one of our original prop
ositions — that Professor Thomas is
either a confirmed bachelor and woman
hater or that he has suffered misfor
tune in his own selection of a wife.
THE St. Louis Post-Dispatch refers
to those people who desire to see
all laws enforced, whether they
are good or bad, as "snoopers." It says
there are altogether too many "snoop
ers" In Missouri for the good of that
state, and continues:
"Snoopers everywhere have one excel
lent argument to fall back upon, which
is, in brief, that laws should be en
forced or repealed, but, Irrefutable as
Is the snooper logic, we are to con
sider the fact that laws which have
served their purpose or been outgrown
are rarely repealed. The commoner
way is to ignore them."
The fact that a law may have "served
its purpose" is no reason why, if it
still remain upon the statute books, it
should not be enforced when occasion
demands it. If a law becomes ridicu
lous by reason of its having been left
in the rear by the progress of society
the thing to do is to repeal it; and the
best way In which to Insure Its being
wiped off the books is to enforce it, If
attention has iiui iireu called to Its
character in any other way.
The argument of the Post-Dispatch is
specious. There is no doubt that every
state has laws which should have been
repealed long ago, but who is to deter
mine which laws shall stand and which
shall be repealed? "Snoopers" fre
quently unearth forgotten laws that
are vicious. Sometimes they uncover
laws which, though forgotten and
therefore dead letters, are wise. For
example, The Herald is what the Post-
Dispatch denominates a "snooper." By
its snooping the management of this
paper ascertained that the organic law
of California contained provisions which
made unnecessary statutory enact
ment looking to the punishment of rail
roads guilty of the crime of rebating
and defining that crime. The railroads
doubtless entertain toward this paper
some such sentiments as those expressed
by the St. Louis paper — that The Her
ald Is a "snooper" and a good deal of
a nuisance — to the railroads.
"Snooping" is a practice which should
be encouraged. One can never tell when
a "snooper" will find some antiquated
statute enacted at some early period
when those against whom it is directed
thought it unnecessary to obstruct Its
passage. If in the course of his med
dlesomeness/ the professional "snooper"
finds a score of laws that are useless,
even vicious, and but one which, if
enforced, will help restore to the people
the rights of which they have been
I deprived, then we say "Success to the
A simple-minded Kansas editor whose
best information is to the effect that
"the' foreigner pays the tariff tax"
wants to know which of the countries
furnishes the fellow who pays the tax
on wood pulp. The same country which
furnishes the man who pays the tax
on shoes, sewing machines and mint
Juleps, of course.
The third Russian duma, which be
gan its career in lethargy and in
October, is awake at last. The verbal
bombs of the revolutionists have jarred
the nerves of the little white father.
Possibly that other demonstration is
not so far away as the moderates
It Is now up to Mr. Councilman
Blanchard to explain how h" managed
to turn the trick that won $43,000 of the
general city fund for sewers in the
Ninth ward. The proceeding savors of
the sort of politics which the voters are
endeavoring to discourage.
The toughest yarn we have heard In
a long time comes from Oklahoma and
relates to a resident of that state who,
happening to remember that he owed
a man in Beloit, Wis., $40 with interest
at 6 per cent for forty years, sent him
a check for $112.
It is stated that the British navy is
contemplating the use of oil for fuel
for its boilers. If American oil be
drawn for this purpose it undoubtedly
will be of the Standard quality.
There is said to be a self-confessed
candidate for the presidency in the
Soldiers' home at Sawtelle. There are
thousands of others, if {he truth, were
known, in the Insane asylums.
A Massachusetts man committed sui
cide because he found, at the end of
ninety-eight years, that his life was
not worth the living. It took him a
long time to find it out.
If congress wants to bring about two
billion dollars out from behind the old
barn let it follow the president's sug
gestion and establish a postal savings
bank system.
Now comes the St. Louis Globe-Dem
ocrat with a reminder that the congress
which met Monday is working iat a
wage advance of 50 per cent. Why rub
it in?
The "organization" has let a Tell out
of Folsom without making a bit of nols?
about it, paradoxical as it may seem.
The oily tongue of the hypocrite
works mischief to those who become
the subjects of its wagging.
It the weather man is a good prog
nosticator the dust will soon be settling
down under false pretenses.
We'll wager that Nicholas looked like
a nickel and a au&rter beside Bill.
Christmas Issue Shows
Magnificent Prosperity
AN effective demonstration lhat Los Angeles has in no way suf
fered during the late widespread depression in the financial
world will be the Christmas Prosperity issue of The Herald,
which will appear December 22.
Despite the depression caused by the stress of the money market
elsewhere, none of our financial institutions has been affected and
are today as sound as before the appearance of a cloud over the busi
ness horizon. Our banks were among the very latest of the entire
country to have recourse to the issuance of scrip and this action was
taken, not through necessity as it was in many instances elsewhere,
but as a matter of extra precaution. This the world should know
and will through the 100,000 copies of our "Prosperity" number.
The day when those abroad might truly speak of "California's
two crops, tourists and oranges," are past. Our industries, commer
cial and manufacturing, although as yet in their infancy of develop
ment, have assumed such proportions as to be worthy of serious con
sideration by capital and the marketing world.
Trained writers of experience and a wide fund of information
on our advances along these lines have prepared convincing articles
detailing the result of their studies and our advances.
The gigantic strides in development of our city's civic growth
are also treated exhaustively. The steady progression of building
operations and uninterrupted movement of real estate, in themselves
ample proof of our independence financially, form a story of interest
to those who would learn from authentic sources of the great
achievements of our real estate men.
The prosperity edition will contain scores of clear-cut pictures
showing the most beautiful homes in the residential districts as well
as the newest skyscrapers of the business section.
Mining industries, ranching and fruit growing will be features
which are sure lo appeal strongly to all interested i n the growth of
Southern California.
Complete arrangements have been made for the distribution of
this great edition through the east, reaching especially those inter
ested in our country, and the benefits just succeeding the "calamity"
howl of the country at large cannot be estimated.
It's just a case of "boost," Mr. Business Man. Are you repre
sented and doing your share toward creating the right kind of an
impression about our metropolis?
The new Herald has made gigantic strides toward its ideal -since
the infusion of new blood and is attempting the achievement of much
in this issue. The edition will receive careful attention and will
prove an encyclopedia of general information welcomed by all
abroad. ________
THE activities of the interstate com
merce commission have shown that
everywhere throughout the country
the railroads have been by means of
secret rates and rebates, both forbidden
by the law, giving ihelr favorites such
trade advantages that nobody could com
pete with them, thus making the rail
roads the arbiters of trade and com
merce and the creators and destroyers
of individuals and communities. It has
also been shown that, using the funds
and securities of the railroads for their
private purposes, the railroad managers
have piled up the debts of the railroads
with enormous rapidity and have thus
rendered more expensive to the using
public the railroad services of the coun
try. It has also been shown that because
the railroads' money was squandered in
stock gambling proper car equipment has
not been purchased and, therefore, as in
the coal famine of last whiter, the publlo
has been greatly and unnecessarily In
convenienced, embarrassed and Injured.
Our own state has suffered from the
ti/ing of secret rates and rebates by our
railroads. By these illegal means our
oil industry, the second greatest of any
state's In the Union, has been literally
stolen away from the California people
who spent their, money to develop the
o.i fields and has been given over, with
out any adequate recompense, into the
hands of the already inordinately rich
Standard Oil. By giving Standard Oil
illegal secret rates and rebates and other
special privileges the railroads of Cali
fornia have ruined many California men
who put their money into developing our
oil fields and have thus given us over
bound hand and foot into the power of
the greatest and most merciless monopoly
the world has ever seen, the Standard
Oil company, with John D. Rockefeller
at its head.
San Franoisco's shame Is another man
ifestation of the propensities of the un
scrupulous rich to defy the laws. There
the public service corporations deliber
ately and in cold' blood made Kuef the
political boss, Schmltz mayor and the
Gallaghers supervisors; and did it be
cause these men were corrupt and would
sell out the city and its people. The
world knows how shamelessly the cor
poratlon men bribed the miserable moral
Review of Year's Crops
Is Highly Encouraging
THE eleventh annual report of the
secretary of agriculture is made
public today. It contains 138 pages,
and discusses a variety of subjects. Af
ter a review of production for the cur
rent year it proceeds, successively, to
the discussion of the weather bureau,
that of animal industry, plant Industry,
forest service, the bureau of chemistry,
soils, entomology and statistics, the of
fice of experiment stations and of pub
lic roads.
In reviewing production the secretary
says it has been a year of untoward con
ditions, requiring, all the Bkill of our
farmers to grow an average crop. The
season has been erratic and there haa
been a scarcity c . help. There has, how
over, been no general crop failure, even
within small areas. The production is
well Up to the average in quantity, while
the value to the farmers, aa it now ap
pears, will reach a figure above that of
1906, which much exceeded the wealth
production of any previous year on
The corn crop of the United States Is
most important of all. It congtttutes
four-fifths of the world's production of
corn The production of this cereal for
1907 is put at 2.5W,732,000 bushels, which
is nearly the average for the past five
years There have been three larger
crops-in 1899, 1905 aiul 1906. In value the
crop of this year is much above that of
last. On the assumption that It will be
sold at vn average price not below the
present one, it is worth $1, 350,000,000, or
26 per cent above the average value of
the five crops preceding.
There la some doubt as to what crop
occupies the second place, cotton or hay.
Secretary Wilson says that apparently
the hay crop this year exceeds that of
cotton. Its value at the computed fig
ure* of -81,420,000 tons Is $600,000,000. The
tonnage has been exceeded several times,
but the value Is $65,000,000 above the high
est previous one. The farm value of
cotton and Us seed in put at from $650.
00 000 to W75.000.000, uo that it Is clearly
third In Importance, if not second. This
pigmies whom they put Into office and
obtained for a quarter of their real
worth franchises and privileges of all
kinds. The world also knows to what
vile depths these corporation-created,
bribe-taking city officials descended, levy
ing blackmail by wholesale even upon
crime and dissoluteness and making the
laws mere mockeries. And for these of
ficial criminals, created by the corpora
tions, the corporation men, the bribe
givers, are, In the eyes of God and man,
Our state government, as everybody
knows. Is controlled by Herrln, the head
of Harriman's political bureau. Our
conventions, bought like cattle, nom
inate the men whom the railroad desires
to have in offltse. Our legislature, allow
ing Herrln's lieutenants, Parker, Burke
and Hatton, to appear upon the senate
and assembly floors, while the houses
are in session, and whisper the orders
of their chief openly into the ears of
the legislators, has become a stench In
the nostrils of our people. The railroad
commission, one of its members a self
confessed boodling, bribe-taking ex-San
Francisco supervisor, does nothing, ab
solutely nothing, to relieve the people
of California from the outrages and the
illegal oppressions practiced upon them
by the railroads. In short, thfe whole
state government, nominated by a South
ern Pacific-controlled and bribed utato
convention, trembles when the railroad's
political boss frowns and springs in
stantly obedient to his nod.
If this country is to survive; if the
liberties of Its people are to be pre
served; if there are to be no privileged
classes, no aristocracy of wealth or
birth in these United States, the un
scrupulous rich, the Harrimans and the
Rockefellers, must "be controlled, and
controlled now. If the corner stone of
this government-equal rights for all,
special privileges for none-ls to be pre
served; if nil laws are to apply to all
citizens allke-the high and low, tho
rich and the poor— those who would have
it otherwise-the Harrimans and the
Rockefellers— must be controlled and the
principle that the laws are made for »U
to obey must be established now For,
if the Harrimans and the Rock efel leys
be not controlled now they will control
us. In fact, they have been controlling
us.— Oakland Enquirer. .
year's crop is thought to be the third
in size of those ever raised, its farm
value is a little below that of test year,
but otherwise it will be the most valu
able cotton crop ever raised, and 7 per
cent above tne average value of the crop
for the previous five years. The crop
will be sufficient, with the surplus of
last year, to supply the wants of the
world The fear of a cotton famine has
not been justified, and the efforts of Eu
ropean spinners to make themselves in
dependent of tue upland cotton of the
south have not made themselves felt.
One of the strong points in favor of this
country's co'ton is the low cost of trans
portation. The average charge for trans
porting 100 pounds of cotton from the
farm to the local shipping point is six
teen cents; from the local shipping point
to the seaport forty cents, and from the
seaport to the United Kingdom thirty
two cents per 100 pounds, or less than a
cent a pound.
The wheat crop Is fourth in value. That
of this year is 5 per cent deficient when
compared with the average for the pre
ctdlng five years. The production is es
timated at 626,676.000 bushels, and the
value at $500,000,000. It will be sufficient
for local needs, and leave many bushels
for export, though not so much as usual.
The oats crop Is the only large one to
which a great degree of failure attaches.
It is 741, ,521,000 bushels and Is 19 per cent
below the average of the preceding five
years. Its value, however, 1b $360,000,000,
or much more than tho most valuable
oatß crop heretofore produced.
The tobacco crop has declined this eyar
to 645,218,0110 pounds and is the smallest
for many years: It Is 11 per cent under
that of the preceding five years, biit It is
valued at $67,000,000, or 16 per cent about
the five years' average.
On the whole, the review of this year's
crops Is highly encouraging. The values,
of course, are swollen by the general
trend of high prices and the farmers
have to pay more for their supplies.
Nevertheless, the review of the crops le
highly encouraging.
part n
Wisconsin Permits Owner to Devote
Forty Acres to Tree Culture and
This Land Is Exempted
from Taxation
While the proposition for national
forests in the Appalachian mountains Is
becoming more populir day by day, there
\3 also a growing inclination for the
states in addition to set oslde forest tracts
so far as they can do it with benefit to
From all parts of Pennsylvania are re
ports of serious drouth. Careful surveys
by the forest commission of that state
show that only one-fourth of its forests
remain. Much of the rainfall, instead of
soaking into the soil, now runs away,
producing a decreased amount .of water
in the streams and an Increased aridity
IB the farms. The only help for this, says
the Lancaster New Era, Is for the state
to purchasa all the deforested lands it can
get at a nominal price, and begin restor
ing the forests. It is doing this now, but
not fast enough o make good the con
tinual waste of forests going on all ovor
the state.
The attention of Pennsylvanlans may
bo called to the fact that In Wisconsin
when lands are sold for taxes the forestry
commission has the first opportunity, and
may use all suitable lands for tree plant
ing. This makes tho expense of acquisi
tion small.
State Forester Hawes of Connecticut, in
his annual report, makes this point: "Con
sidering the fact that forest land is taxed
more heavily than any other form of
property, it seems preposterous that own
ers of such property should have been
entirely without protection from fire from
Lao eomnxusitj'. Strange «" I* may seem,
the people accustomed to this sort of ex
action from one generation to another
have never thought of demanding any
protection in return."
A Chinese School of Forestry
Vhe almost world-wide movement to
protect and establish forests haa reached
China, and the first Chinese school of for
estry will shortly be opened in Mukden,
according to a recent report by Consul
General James W. Ragadale. at Tientsin.
The Chinese empire Is sometimes pointed
out as the worst example, among modern
nations, of forest destruction. The floods
which are periodically poured down from
the denuded mountains are destructive
beyond comparison with those of any
other country, and the want of forests Is
assigned as tne ohl. cause.
Wood I* scarcer in China than in almost
any other inhabited region of the' world,
although the country is well adapted to
the growing of trees. In the establish
ing of a forest school the Chinese gov
ernment gives evidence that it realizes
the need of beginning its reforestation In
a scientific manner.
Forty Acres Go Untaxed
It Is reported that a recent act of the
Wisconsin legislature permits the owner
of any tract of land in the state to set
aside a portion not exceeding forty acres
for forest culture to be exempted from
taxation on that portion of land for a
period of thirty years from the time of
tree planting. This also applies to firms
and corporations.
Tills is very good. It might well go
farther and allow an unlimited quantity
of land to be thus set aside, If security
is glvan that the land will be actually
kept in forest until the trees mature.
The irrigation congress recommended
government ownership of coal mines, to
be effected . y the government retaining
title to coal lands which have not yet
been alienated, though allowing acqui
sition by citizens of the surface of the)
ground for farming and other uses. The
geological survey also favors this policy.
The discussion of this subject makes
interesting rome facts on the early oc
currence of coal In the United States.
The first information is in the journal
of Father Hennepin, who, In 1679 recorded
a coal mine on the Illinois river, near
the present city of Ottawa. Coal was
first mined in Virginia, about seventy
years later.
The mlnlntr of anthracite coal In Penn
sylvania began in 1790, and it is said that
fifty-five tons were shipped to Columbia,
Perm., in 1807. More than 50 per cent of
the total production of coal in the United
States, from 1814 to the close of 1906, or
3,640,000,000 tons, was mined in Pennsyl
A publication on the production of coal
In 1906 will soon be ready for distribution
by the geological survey.
A discussion is going on in Canada as
to how they should use their forests.
Our northern states' woods being nearly
used up, our invasion of Canada is caus
ing great apprehension in that country.
Wisconsin paper mills are buying pulp
wood in Quebec, 1200 miles away. Some
Canadians advocate an export duty which
will force the paper mills to come to
Canada, but the farmers owning woods
prefer to have their presont opportunity
to sell wood. The point of chief Interest
for Americans is the danger of the ex
haustion of spruce supply in i.anada as
well as In this country. This can be
averted only by the conservation of ex
isting forests and an extensive planting
of quick growing trees, especially for
pulp *wood.
Charles E. Bush, vice president for the
chemical fiber division of the American
Paper and Pulp association, says:
Scarcity of Wood
"A number of mills have reported a
scarcity in their wood supply, and the
time is coming when tho serious inroads
which have been made in our forests
will begin to tell on the paper industry.
Sooner or later some other material than
wood will be found practically available
for paper-making purposes, as wood Is
getting scarcer, its value Increasing and
some substitute must surely be»found.
"The constantly rising price of wood
and the growing scarcity of hard (ibe,r
wastes available for paper making hav-i
led during the year to a continued and
persistent search for new fibers and new
sources of supply." Among these new
sources of fibers he mentions cornstalks,
bagasse, cotton stalks, peat, poplar wood,
southern gum wood and tupelo. Regard •
inn these last he says:
"The woods are so cheap nnd available
In such great quantity that It is prac
tically certain that sulphite pulp made
from them will before long be a factor
in the Industry." •
Wide publicity Is being given to Secre
tary Wilson's statement regarding tho
long foretold lumber famine. This
famine is no longer an object of merely
future dread; It is here.
In Boston, says th« Transcript, builder*
say it now costs 30 per cent more to build
a frame house than it did six or seven
years ago. Like conditions doubtless pre
vail in other cities. A man in Washing
ton bought a suburban lot and busied him
self with plans for tho house, allowing
for an outlay within his means. > As
months passed, however, timber prices
rose and continued rising, thus necessi
tating the drwlne- and redrawing of
these plans on a constantly diminishing
scale, that they might be kept within the
limit of expense originally fixed.
The Bars Down!
All classic muslo now 10 cents, sis
copies 50c. The shelves are empty.
All Schlrmer's edition on counters.
Help yourselves. EVERYTHING' AT
CO., 231 S. Broadway, opp. city hall.

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