Newspaper Page Text
World -Wide Review of Achievements of Men and Women Life Diplomas an Incentive For Highest Development MARK KEPPLER RECENTLY The Herald announced that the county . superintendent of schools had ¦ received one hundred life diplomas for ' Los | Angeles county teachers. These .• diplomas are the new issue designed arid prepared by Stato Su perintendent Hyatt and are the most ele gant life diploma issued by any state. Life diplom .8 of four grades ; are issued to California teachers by the state board of education upon the recommendation of county boards of education. Before this recommendation can be received the ap plicant must have taught forty-eight . months successfully, tw . ent . y -° n f ° ral which have been in the schools of Call special life diplomas aro i^d ¦ t0 teachers of music, drawing, ph y slcal_cul turo and the commercial subjects. Kin dergarten life diplomas are issued l to holders of kindergarten Primary cr eates. Grammar, school life diplomas are issued to teachers who hold P-ammar school certificates; and high school life diplomas are- issued to those who hold high school certificates, and have taught not less than twenty-one months in high schools. ••"•.-•'"¦ ¦ ¦¦' • .;.,'. .»_ • . The California life diploma entitles Its holder to teach his ; lifetime in any school of the state corresponding to tne grade, of diploma. The life diploma is a special privilege, a property right, highly prized by those to whom .' it is granted. Since the life diploma makes the teacher's right a permanent one the diploma ought not to be given except to those who have proven their right to _ it by successful teaching. , A teacher who applies for -, life diploma should repre sent the highest ideals of the profession It Is not enough that the teacher shall have taught forty-eight months.' Much more should ' be Insisted upon by county and state boards 'of education. The teacher's work should go hand in hand with the highest type of professional self-development. There was ¦ a 'time when • the three . R's were enough, but the schools of today must not only se cure better results in the essentials than were ever secured In the past, but they must also cover many lines of work not dreamed of in the old schools. Frequent ly complaints are made that the course of study is too full, that useless studies arc Imposed upon t^e children. There may be a degree of truth In the com. plaint, but it is more likely that the fault lies in poor teaching and not In too many subjects to -je studied. Whenever fatigue, either mental or physical, seizes the child, progress stops for that day. The wise arid capable teacher economizes time and effort,, and in that way gets every bit of work done with profit both to the pupil and to the community.' •1 ' : \; ! :" ' • ¦-. ,- . What < shall :we ' leave out from , the pres-nt course of study? Are there any things left out that ought to be put In? These are pertinent • questions ' , which every course-of-study-maklng body must seriously consider. ' Every patron of the school who Is dissatisfied ought also to Men and Things Mr. Cannon Is a man of simple tastes. He does not care to , have frills :on the national capitol, ana whenever he can use a plain, lowly cuss word in place of an embroidered bit , of eloquence he is sure to do so. His amusements are few. He loves to raise i the tariff in the afternoon and to raise the ante in the evening in a pleasant little semi-occasional • game be tween friends. '.. ¦•¦' " " -•' ¦'¦ .. : He is a creature of habit. Every other year he runs for congress. In the off year he runs for speaker of the housa. Every four years he declines the / vice presidency. Every. ten years he buys a new bank. Each fall he puts on a new , suit of black clothes and a hat with an extra rakish brim, adjusts his cigar at an overbearing angle and goes to Washing ton, where he runs the nation on the high ; speed all winter and listens to the plea* of congressmen who want committees, ap propriations, ; bills, reforms, appointments n<? amusement. , . .• * On these occasions the applicant watches the speaker's cigar feverishly. If It re mains pointed aloft, all ;Is * well. If it shifts and points downward like a Roman : emperor's thumb, all is lost. — 4 1 — Notwithstanding, the wide publication of his pictures. King Alfonso has been the victim of a series of inconvenient mis taken identities since his arrival In Eng :; He has been prevented from entering ¦ Kensington gardens; he has been held up in his motor; he has been forced back by loyal policemen wltn the rest of the crowd from the gates of Kensington palace; he las been ¦ jeered , at by children |on , the ' streets as a bilious and dyspeptic looking foreigner, and In a Bond street shop the tradesman was exceedingly chary in tak ing the young man's order, either In fear of hoax or under the Impression that the . Spanish prisoner swindle was about to be worked off on him. - . , ' . , : ¦. . ¦ -•-. ¦.¦¦¦ ¦ iji - '¦. * ... ' '•'. ; * A very eccentric will has been left by William John Watson of Portadown, a big land owner in • the counties of Armagh \ and Tyrone, who -was. once a New York businessman.. ¦¦' '''/¦¦¦'. '¦' "'¦'. •'• • Among other curious -bequests he pro vided for a dinner : costing $125, which the trustees of his estate and the Portadown I municipal council should hold every flvo years, hear the will read and decide while dining how his charity bequests should be 'exponded for the benefit of the , town. ? ; ; • • King Alfonso Is most carefully guarded at night. For four centuries the slumbers •of successive I sovereigns of Spain have been hvatched all night by the Monterus 1 tie Espinosa. a body of ; men to whom is relegated the exclusive privilego of guard ing their monarch, from sunset to sunrise. ¦ They must have an ' honorable military career and be natives of the town or Es pinosa. : ¦. " . .'•..¦¦ . - ¦ • ,¦*.,' ¦ ¦ :¦. — &— ' ' • ¦ »¦ ¦ : ¦ ' ¦ v The old headgear which Geronimo, the Indian chief, wore in his last battle with Gen Miles has been bought by Robert W. Wells of Washington and will be given to th« Smithsonian Institution. V/ Prince d'Abre Pazratlde of I Egypt ; cave the professors in the architecture I department ; at Harvard - an. interesting - chat '.concerning., the age of art in hla /country. .><•/¦ - ' '; ¦'''• ¦'"',V i . ... "The other day," • tho prince said. , I IwjS reading some papyrus that Is thou sands of i years old which has been dis covered by a French scientist./: In that ¦' papyrus wus the, story of : a boy who V stuck pins S into :. pieces /at i paper and arranged 1 them -so ¦ that they might .be ¦- felt by his : school J teachers." ,-> ..¦ • ;, The prince ? aid ; that in this old papy Los Angeles Sunday Herald Supplement. consider thesj questions seriously. What subject would you leave out, gentle reader? On the other hand what addi tional subjects would you put into the course of study? It was not very long ago that com mercial work was confined to business colleges. Now, every well regulated high school has its commercial course, but tho establishment of a commercial course In the high school has not re lieved the high school from the necessity of teaching the subjects that were taught before commercial work was added. Wherever money is available for it tho high schools are adding manual training departments, and the addition of these departments means in every case an increase of attendance at high school and not a decrease In high school re quirements. Evidently what the people rteed Is "Not another Eden, but more fruit from the tree of knowledge." In the early days of American education there was a winter term of school at tended by the boys and taught by male teachers, and a summer term of school attended by the girls and taught by fe male teachers. Each term required three months of time and the profes sional training of the teachers was sim ple Indeed. Now, thp average term is above nine months, the schools are at tended allk. by the boys and the girls and the teaching body is a highly trained and carefully prepared one. In our own county, Including Los An geles city, 2060 teachers are now at work In tlTe public; schools. Of this number 300 are men and the remainder are wo men. The average experience of this body of teachers Is a trifle over four school yeWs, and 1600 of them are grad uate* either of colleges, normal schools or universities. It is neither ex aggeration nor flattery to say that Los Angeles county's 2050 teachers constitute one of the most representative, mo3t progressive, most highly cultirred and most thoroughly trained body of teachers in the world. Our state normal schools and our uni versities have a high and advanced standard of educational requirements, and the widely known city of Los An geles, whose very name is a synonym for progress and prosperity, attracts hither the highest type of teachers from all parts of the country, and In numbers far exceeding the demand. .Under these cir cumstances our boards of trustees and boards of education have and exercise an opportunity for wise and careful se lection. It may be truthfully said that the teachers are selected not only from California but from the whole country. The people of this county are firm and steadfast believers in the effecacy of ed ucation, and willingly and gladly assume the heaviest burdens for the erection of school buildings and for the payment of teachers. In kindergartens and in high schools we lead the west, and In our public schools we are abreast of the best. However, with all our progress we are yet far from where we ought to be. We need tremendous development along three lines— agriculture, manual training and science. rus, touaands of years old, the story of the eternal triangle that has served novelists and playwrights galore was treated practically the same as in a modern work of fiction. The loving husband, the masher and the wife were all set forth much as In a modern play. Surely, the prince concluded, there is nothing new under the sun. Brigadier General Harry C. Ward, U. S. A., now residing in Louisville, was captured at the battle of Fort Stedman, In front of Petersburg, Va., March 24, 1865. This was one of the closing bat tles of the Civil JiVar. General Ward was taken to General John B. Gordon of the Confederate army, to whom he surrendered his sword. This sword, with some other military 'equipments, was presented to General Ward by his friends In Worcester, Mass., his name and date of presentation being en graved on the scabbard. After the election of President Cleveland in 1892 Phi Alexander, the officer who cap tured General Ward, returned to him his sword, having had it in his posses slon twenty-seven years. Emperor William has conferred on Baron Marschall yon Blebersteln, the Ger man ambassador at Constantinople, who was head of the delegation of German Order of the Black Eagle,_ the highest Prussian decoration, in recognition of his services at The Hague. The Hon. Joseph H. Choate and Gen. Horace Porter were the guests of honor at a reception given to them by the Union League club, New York city, November 19. Among others present were LieTitenant General Nelson A. Miles, U. S. A.; Rear Admiral Coghlan and Colonels Scott and Dudley, United States military academy; Rear Admiral Charles S. Sperry, U. S. navy; Major i',-,. n,. nil F. D. Grant, United States army; Rear Admiral C. F. Goodrich, United States navy. Viscount Aoki, the Japanese ambas sador to the United States, gave a ban quet at the embassy in Washington on the evening of November 16 in honor of Rear Admiral Robbey D. Evans, United States navy, and Mrs. Evans. Tho banquet was purely a personal tribute to Admiral and Mrs. Evans, whom the ambassador has known for many years, and was entirely informal. Tho guests Included the Assistant Sec retary of the Navy and Mrs. Ncwberry, Rear Admiral and Mrs. Wlllard H. Brownson, Rear Admiral and Mrs. Wil liam S. Cowlos and Lieutenant Commo dore and Mrs. Albert L. Key. Fire Commissioner Lantry of New York, in explaining to a reporter his plans for establishing a firemen's "roll of merit," told this story: "It takes pluck," he began, "to be a fireman. A young fellow of only aver age pluck was serving at his first fire, and the chief rushed up to him and shouted: " 'Shin up that ladder to the eighth story, crawl along the cornice to the fourth window, drop down three stories and catch that wooden sign you see smoking there, swing yourself along to the second window that the red glura Is coming from, break the glass and go in and ' rescue those three old ladies— well, what the deuce are you waiting for?' '• 'For pen and ink, sir,' said the new man. 'I want to hand in my resigna tion." " Queen Wlllielmiuu of Holland is a prac tical dairymaid. She is also an expert needlewoman. Tells of Aims in Educational Life Personal Anecdotes Wilbraham Bootle, a i young English man, handsome, clever, of high social position and immensely richi fell In love with a Miss Taylor, who could bring her husband nothing but her pretty face. Wilbraham Bootle, however, aspired to obtain her hand, and easily obtained her consent. The marriage day had been fixed. At a great dinner at Lord Camel ford's the conversation turned upon an ascent that had been made In the morning to the cross upon the dome of St. Peter's. To reach the cross It was necessary to pasß outside the ball. Wilbraham Bootl<> said that he did not possess a steady head," would never be able to reach the cross, and that nothing in the world would In duce him to try. "Nothing in the vorld?" said Miss Tay lor. "Nothing, I assure you." "What, not even if I were to ask you?" "You would not ask me to do a thing for which I frankly admit my dislike." "Excuse me, I do ask you, I beg of you, and, if necessary, I Insist." v/llbraham Bootle attempted to laugh the matter oft, but Miss Taylor insisted, notwithstanding the interference of Lord Camelford. The whole company met two days fol lowing at St. Peter's to watch the per formance of th,e task imposed upon the young man. He performed hlB trial with great coolness, and when he came down the triumphant beauty came toward him with outstretched hand: he took her hand, kissed It, and Bald: "Miss Taylor, I have obeyed the whim of a charming girl. Per mit me now in return to give you a piece of advice: If you wish to keep your power never misuse It. I wish you all prosperity, and now good by." — ?— ' Representative John Sharp Williams has a "new" story, according to the Boston Herald. During the recent Mississippi gubernatorial campaign the Hon. Jeff Truly was one of the unsuccessful asptr antß for the majority suffrage of his fel low citizens. Prohibition doctrines figured In the strugle, and seemed very import ant to a Methodist minister. "Brother Truly," said the minister, "I want to ask you a question. Do you ever take a drink of whisky?" "Befo' I answer that." responded the wary Brother Truly. "I want to know whether It Is an inquiry or an invitation." Prince Olaf teased* so hard to fondle his new cousin. King Alfonso's baby, when they were in London together, that finally he was permitted to do so. To show how happy It made him he offered the Infant heir of Spain some of his toys and was astonished when told that the little prince would not need toys for some time. Olaf went fishing with' a bent pin in Buckingham Palace lake and when he got no bite he wanted his nurse to "get in and see why the fish would not be caught." He asked King Edward if his grand mother. Queen Alexandra, was any older than his mother, " 'cos she doesn't look His grandmother Is fond of telling that when she was in Norway last Olaf was so full of mischief that his overfretted gov erntfcs finally complained to Queen Maud, who promised to whip him. "Tho heir of Norway." saya M. A. P.. "panic stricken, took to his heels and sought refuge under a bed. He' was miss ing so long that the household grew con cerned, and his grandmother, Queen Al exandra, essayed the task of finding him. At last the queen located his where abouts and knelt down beside tho bed to parley wli i the llttlr culprit. "Before ilie had time to speak the MARK KEPPEL. prince whispered:- 'Hello, grannie, dear,' adding, as he beckoned her to join him, 'Is she after you, too? Come under here; I'll take- care of you, and it's perfectly beautiful.' " Patrick Brannlgan had contracted to dig a well In the sandy part of the town, and he had dug down some forty feet when, on coming to work one morning, he found that the last twelve feet of his well had caved In and would have to be dug out again. He sat down by the well to wait for his helpers, when a happy thought struck him. He arose, took off his coat, hung It up in plain sight, hid his tools and walked away. A few minutes later his helpers came, and finding Pat's coat and seeing that his tools were gone, came to the conclusion that their boss was buried under the fallen sand, and with the help of all the neighbors Immediately set to work to dig him out. Not till all the fallen dirt was taken out did the men in the least suspect that they had been hoaxed into doing just what the boss was trying to dodge. Foreign Advance sheets of the discoveries of the German and French expeditions on the Island of Elephanta in the Nile, published by Prof. Ganneau at Paris, tell how tho German diggers have unearthed an official document of the seventeenth year of L'arlus, addressed to the Persian governor of Judea by the priests of the Temple of Elephanta. Heretofore many 'ancient Greek texts have been turned up from the sands of Egypt, but rarely one uf Hebrew origin like this. Its chief value Is that it deals with familiar figures in the Bible. If the number of cardinals were In pro portion to the number of Catholics, tho United States ought to have, not one, but several cardinals. Since the days of Six .us V the number of members of tho sacred college has been limited to seventy, although there are rarely more than sixty at one time, and as the United States In the fourth Catholic power in tho world in regard to the number of communi cants, she ought to have eight cardinals. She, indeed, has only one, while little Spain at the present moment has six. The Vatican Is perturbed over the revo lution of a page of secret history. This is the publication of a pamphlet detail Ing a very radical scheme of reform for •ho church, written some sixty years ago hv Cardinal Sala. Leo XIII, when r young man, was the protege of Cardinal Snla and made a copy of the scheme, which after his death, in 1903, passed into the Vatican library. There the pamphlet was seen by tha (ft andnephew of Cardinal Sala, who had advanced views, and had always wished to publish the scheme, and had been un able to consult the original document ir the secret archives of the Vatican. He made a copy of the copy, which he has published, In defiance of the prohibition of the Vatican censor. The book has raised a storm of discus sion in ecclesiastical circles. London reckons that she has 5000 Ameri »nns who prefer Europe to America; ho:v many Englishmen and Irishmen have made money over here and carried it back with them? Twenty thousand Amer icans live in Parla. At least an equal rvmber are scattered through Italy and Germany. It haa been found by experiment In Germany that deep sea fish can be ac climated in fresh water. Army and Navy The battleships comprising the first division of the first Pacific squadron are the Connecticut, Louisiana, Kan sas and Vermont; those in the second division are the Georgia, Virginia, New Jersey and Rhode Island. The second squadron, third division, is made up of the Minnesota, Ohio, Maine and Mis souri, and the fourth division of the Alabama, Illinois, Kearsarge and Ken tucky. Each battleship Jn the first division carries seventy-four guns and 881 men; each In the second sixty-six guns and 812 men. The Minnesota, heading tho third division, has seventy-four guns and 881 men; the Ohio, forty-four guns. 800 men: Maine, forty-four guns, 807 men; Missouri, forty guns, 780 men; Alabama, forty-five guns, 713 men; Illi nois, forty-six guns, 690 men; Kear sarge, fifty-six guns. G9O men; Ken tucky, sixty guns and 656 men. The navy department has bought the big sea-going tug General Hubbard, at I -.n Francisco, to tow coal out to the Atlantic fleet when it reaches the Pa cific coast. The tug will be rechrist ened the Navajo. The Arethusa. the water supply ship, has been ordered into commission at Norfolk with a full crew to accompany the battleship fleet to the Pacific. Commodore A. W. Grant has been detached from the naval academy to take command of the Are thusa, and Lieutenant Commodore B. B. Blerer has been ordered to the same vessel as executive officer and navi gator. Commodore R. D. Bucknam, an Amer ican, naval adviser of the sultan, who has been promoted to the rank of rear admiral in the Turkish navy, with the title of pacha, has followed the se.a since a lad of sixteen. At one time he commanded one of John D. Rockefell er's whaleback steamers on the Great Lakes. He was afterward superin tendent of the Pnrifle Mall Steamship company at Panama and later entered the service of tho Cramp Construction company and took tho cruiser Abdul Medjldieh to Constantinople after her completion at Philadelphia. Brevet Lieutenant Colonel W. R. Smedberg, U. S. A., recorder of Cali fornia commandery, M. O. L. L. U. S., has isdued a very interesting illus trated circular of eleven pages, relat ing to the great earthquake and fire in San Francisco in 1906. in which the commandery suffered irreparable loss from tho burning of valuable records, rapers, etc. Colonel Smedberg says in part: "The commandery was not in any way injured by the e-iythquake, except that naturally, nearly all the compan ions residing In San Francisco and vicinity were pretty badly shaken up. The ensuing conflagration, however, Inflicted not only upon the command ery itself, but upon very many of the companions. great and irreparable damage. There were at the time resid ing in* San Francisco, or having their offices in that city, 201 companions of this commandery. Of these sixty lost their residences and offices and 130 lost their offices by the firo. Apart from the actual pecuniary loss sustained tere was hardly one of these 190 com panions who did not loso all his war records and prlied mementoes. Prob ably every one of them had preserved since the Civil War his sword, belt, shoulder straps, etc.. and yet hardly one was able to save a single one of these valued relics of the Civil War. The collection of photographs of com panions of this commandery, number Amphibious Automobile Undergoes Public Test WATERLAND I Is the name of an amphibious automobilo Invented by Jules Revelllers of Paris, and which proved its right to the name in a public test at Nsw'Tork Monday. It looks like a yawl, with deck fore and aft of the pit where the chauffeur sits. It is thirty foet long, six feet at the widest point and draws twenty-two Inches of water. ADe Dion two-cylinder, twen ty-horse power engine, which can be transferred by a most ingenious con trivance instantly from the wheels to the propeller, or applied to both simul taneously, furnishes the power. Tho four wheels are of wood, thinly plated with steel. They are thirty-four Inches In diameter, are chain geared and have hard rubber tires. The four-bladed propeller Is of brass. Its bearings are protected from dust by a metal hood, which is lifted as soon as the machine enters deep water. —*- The project to build a railway to the top of tho. Matterhorn has aroused a storm of opposition. The Swiss League for the Preservation of Picturesque Switzerland has organized branches in England and other countries of Europe. The bishop of Bristol, representing the Alpine club, has said that, In the eyes of all to whom sublimity of nature ap peals, the projected railway would nut as a profanation and that the sacrifice of such a mountain as the Matterhorn to sectional interests and to the mater ialization of the age, would involve an irreparable loss to humanity, and a wrong to succeeding generations. The matter will shortly come up before the Swiss parliament. Germany and England are making great progress in utilizing surplus gases from coke ovens, etc. — ?— Timber killed by forest fires is now being used extensively for making cracker boxes. Of our gold coin $150,000,000 has been melted for use in the arts and Indus tries. The average cost of each piece of United States currency In circulation Is about one and three-fifths cents. In Belgium the school children are made familiar with historical charac ters by means of dolls In characteristic dress and attitude. — ?— For penknives the steel Is tempered at 470 degrees, for table knives at 530 degrees, for saws at 560 degrees. In aerial photography, as it is termed, the shutter of the camera is connected with a silken cord, which Is paid out as the camera ascends. The instrument is fastened to a -wooden framework which holds it rigidly In such a manner that the lens faces downward and forward at a slight angle. The direction In which the lenz is to point Is regulated by a simple contrivance attached to the framework. The shutter Is fastened for an instan taneous exposure or for one of a sec ond's or several seconds' length, ac ing over 1000, were destroyed and a large majority of them can never be replaced. -*- Rear Admiral Carpar F. Goodrich, U. S. N., made an address on "The Navy as It Is" at the banquet of the United States Naval academy alumni of the middle west in Chicago on the evening of November 14, in the course of which he' indulged in some exceedingly plain talk, on the subject of promotion by se lection. According to the Chicago Inter Ocean he said: "1 have given the best years of my life to the naval service We have done great things, but we are not satisfied with what has been done, and seek to do still further things that will add to our greatness. I speak the truth frankly and I desire that my criti cisms shall not be taken as against the present administration, but against the system, when I say that the navy will not stand for the selection system of promotions. When you find a man who is In favor of this system you usually find a man who thinks that he has some special merit above his fellow officers." One of the most envied men today is Frank Lewis, a former Brooklynite, who has been engaged these many years in the bumboat business along the Atlantic coast. Lewis is the only civilian in the whole United States who is authorized to accompany the battleship fleet on its long and perilous voyage around the Horn. Lewis is a well nigh indispensable though unofftalal member of the Ameri can fleet that maneuvered and fought In waters during the Spanish-Ameri can war. He Is the owner of a trim little launch that he built with his own hands, and he is credited with having made more perilous trips to and fro be tween the fleet and the shore than any other one individual either in or out of the service. A bumboatman is very necessary to tho welfare and comfort of both the of ficers and men of any fleet. He Is ever ready to lower his little craft and run errands for officers and men. He also discovers the needs and desires of the man-o'-warsman and makes extensive purchases of fresh fruit, cigars, candy and other luxuries that cannot very well be included in a ship's supply. Oapt. William J. Barnette, U. S. N., has been assigned to relieve Rear Ad miral Asa Walker, retired, as superinten dent of the naval observatory. Capt. Barnette will continue his duties on the general board. ' Additional dry docks for the navy are most urgently needed, according to Rear Admiral Hollyclay, chief of tho bureau of yards and docks of the navy, and he calls attention to thu rate at which the navy afloat, is outgrowing the present and au thorized facilities ashore. If appropria tions for them are not forthcoming, says the admiral, the need therefor will be felt by the time they could possibly be completed. It Is urged that steps be taken with a view to the establishment of a first cla«a dry dock at Pearl harbor, Hawaiian isl ands, where the necessary land has been acquired. The proposed dock will cost $2,000,000. and an estimate of $600,000 to begin work is submitted. Another esti mate of $655 500 is made for the naval station at Oiongapo on Sublg bay in the Philippines. Floating coal depots in the British navy have proved so satisfactory that the admiralty have decided to build n»ore of them. The largest now in use has a capacity of 12,000 tons. A new om' with a capacity of 20,00 .-tons is to be con structed and moor d in 6uch a position that two battleships at a lime can fill their bunkers at it. Per-°irJrei 3, 1907 cordlng to the desire of the operator. When the camera Is at the proper height, the reel is fastened and the photographer waits until the kites be come steady. When the kites are in motion the cord or wire has a tremor or pulsation which can easily be felt by a pressure of the finger on the cord. The photographer waits until this Is no longer perceptible, when he Jerks the thread and the picture Is taken. The view advanced by Professor Per clval Lovell that the "knots" recently discovered in the rings of Saturn indi cate that the rings are falling Is not accepted by Professor Simon Newcomb of Washington, who says that Struvo more than a half century ago pro pounded the theory of the falling; rings of Saturn, based upon early drawings compared with late ones. Nemcomb says the rings are now viewed almost edgewise, so that it is Impossible to distinguish one from another. He pre fers the theory put forth by Clerke- Maxwell sixty years ago that the small satellites which compose the rings sometimes crowd together. Professor Brashear of Pittsburgh agrees with Newcomb. Readers will recall the discovery last July nt n nAw. S.v.i stes.mlr.g hot vol canic Island in the vicinity of Una laska by the revenue cutter McCulloch, In command of Lieutenant B. H. Cam den. Lieutenant McCulloch now re ports of his second visit to 'the scene three months later. The cloud of steam had vanished and one of the two peaks, named McCulloch, 3955 feet hlgrh. had entirely disappeared, leaving the half of the other peak, known as Perry, with Its perpendicular wall standing In grim silence as a headstone at tho grave of the departed peak. The rugr- Sffd outlines of the island had been softened by a padding of lava dust, while the sand spit which connected the two parts of the island had at tained the height of from twenty to 100 feet. A wireless torpedo boat, which lifts its own anchor, blows Its own whistle, signals, fires a gun and steers Itself, is a thing which does a good deal of imi tation thinking. Such a boat has been Invented by a New York sculptor, Charles E. Alden, and has been success fully operated In experiments off the ismnd of Martha's Vineyard. The boat carries no crew, being handled from the shore by a mysterious apparatus which is the invention of Mr. Alden, and is obedient to the Hertzian waves used in the various systems of wireless teleg raphy. Dr. Leonard Atwood of the geological survey has returned from a nine-month stay In Alaska. He visited and Inspected twenty coal deposits in Southeastern Alaska In the vicinity of Nome and in the Tanana district. He reports that . they aro all of the best quality for steaming- purposes and will urge that a large expedition he sent by the govern ment to Alaska next year to exploit all sections of the territory. Women's Work Miss Aobie E. i . Lathrop, whose home is a five-mile drive from both Chicopee and Holyoke. Mass., in the town of Gran by, has adopted a unique business as the means cf making a living. She has established a rat farm and at present has more than 1600 rats and mice of ev ery variety under her charge. It is five jv.irs since Miss Lathrop started breeding .nice as a business. At first she sold the mice to the bird stores and fanciers to be sold again as pets. Then came the demand from colleges for rats and mice upon which to try ex periments. The medical colleges in par ticular have great use for them. Mrs. Nancy Haft, 10/ years old, died In Saginaw, ulich., recently. When she passed the century mark she expressed the determination to live twenty years longer, but a malady seized her which ended in death. Her maiden name was Nancy Twet. She was born at Toronto. 0., of Dutch parents, who came to the United States long before the war of 1812. As a girl she knit stockings for the American naval volunteers of the laStm in that conflict. She leaves three chil dren, Mary Hicks, aged 61; James Churchill, aged 76, and John Churchill, aged 74, hy her first husband. Her sec ond husband, Rooert Haff, survives her. He is 101 years old, hale and active. Madame yon Andre, Mrs. Depew's sis ter, is one o the American hostesses who do not have any necessity for strenuous "climbing." The fact lhat she will leave a greater part of her fortune to Prince Francis of Teck, whom she has adopted and who Is one <-f the poorest members of tho royal family, has endeared here to very member of that family, from the king down. Prince "Frank," who is the Prin cess of Wales' brother, has been a con siderable worry to the king and Prince of Wales, but Madame yon Andre's gen erosity will relieve them of any further care. Among the notable women in British politics is Mrs. Mlllicent Fawcett of the Liberal Unionists, a fine speaker with a clear voice and the author of various books, political and biographical. Mrs. Cornwallis West, formerly Lady Randolph ChurchlH, is described as "a politician to her finger lips," says the World Today. She has both canvassed and spoken fre quently in behalf of her son, Winston Churchill. She was also the founder and editor of the Anglo-Saxon Review. -?- The wife of the American minister at The Haguti recently asked Mr. Nelidoff, the Russian president of the peace con ference, to write something in her album. His sentiment was touched with feeling. "It is easier," he wrote, "to make peace with one's enemy than forty-seven neu trals." In Portsmouth, England, town council chamber recently. Miss Doris Foster, aged lira and a half years, was formally in vested with the gold chain of office as mayoress of the borough. The mayor, Councillor F. G. Foster, is a widower, his wife having died a few months ago, and his little daughter consequently takes the official position. Little Miss Foster promises to be a very efficient mayoress. Recently she attended her first official function, the customary church parade, and went through it with befitting gra vity and dignity. She afterward held quitn a reception, and several members of the corporation begged permisHion to kiss her, observing that it was the first time they had ever had the pleasure of kissing a mayoress.